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US326439A - Protecting wells - Google Patents

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US326439A
US326439A US326439DA US326439A US 326439 A US326439 A US 326439A US 326439D A US326439D A US 326439DA US 326439 A US326439 A US 326439A
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water
bore
strata
pipe
sulphur
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/10Sealing or packing boreholes or wells in the borehole
    • E21B33/13Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like
    • E21B33/14Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like for cementing casings into boreholes

Description

(No Model.)

s. McEACHEN.

PROTEGTING WELLS Patented Sept. 15, 1885.

N4 PETERS. Phuwuma ra mr, wasmn mn. D. c.

SAMUEL MOEAOHEN, OF SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA.

PROTECTING WELLS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 326,439, dated September 15, 1885.

Application filed August 11, 1885. (No model.)

I0 all whom it army concern:

Be it known that I, SAMUEL MOEAOHEN, a citizen of the United States, residing in Scranton, Lackawanna county, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Protecting Wells, of which the following is a specification.

The main object of my invention is to prevent the contamination of water obtained from wells in localities where the strata from which good water is derived are overlaid with strata containing sulphur -water, a further object being to protect from the deteriorating or de' structive influences of the sulphurwrater wire ropes, pipes, 810., contained in a bore passing through the upper strata. These objects I attain in the manner which I will now proceed to describe, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, the figure in which is a sectional diagram illustrating my invention.

In numerous localities-sucl1, for instance, as the anthracite-coal regions of the State of Pennsylvania the strata from which good water can be obtained are overlaid with coal measures and other strata in which sulphur- Water is present. Hence good water cannot be obtained from wells in such localities, owing to the fact that the wells are contaminated by sulphur-water flowing into the same from the upper strata, and this defect cannot be remedied by the usual plan of easing or piping the upper portion of the well,for the sulphur-water is such as to rapidly destroy such casing, and when wire ropes, pipes, &c., are contained in bores passing through such upper strata they rapidly deteriorate, and are in a short time destroyed. In carrying out my invention, therefore, I preferably enlarge the bore of all that portion of the well which is within the upper strata containing sulphur-water, this enlarged bore containing a pipe, a, which forms a continuation of the main bore 1) of the well in the lower strata, and I fill the space between said pipe and the bore of the well with hydraulig or other cement ql, this cement be ing impeFne'ableto the sulphur-water, and therefore forming an effectual shield or guard,

whereby the access of the sulphurwater to the pipe to is cut off said pipe prevented.

If desired, the bore of the well may be uni form throughout, and the pipe to may be less in diameter than the bore, so as to provide a space around the same for the reception of cement, the joint at the lower end of the pipe being formed by expanding the same, or by means of a seed-bag or other well-known device for the purpose.

I claim as my invention- 1. The mode herein described of preventing the access of snlphurwater to bores passing through strata containing such water, said mode consisting in providing the bore with a pipe or casing less in diameter than the bore, and filling the space between said pipe or casing and the bore with cement impermeable to sulphur-water, as set forth.

2. The mode herein described of preventing the contamination of wells passing through coal measures or other strata containing sulphur-water, said mode consisting inproviding that portion of the bore which is within said and the destruction of sulphur-water strata with a pipe or casing less in diameter than the bore, and filling the space between said pipe or casing and the bore with cement impermeable to sulphurwater. all substantially as specified.

3. The mode herein described. of preventing the contamination of wells passing through coal measures or other strata containing sulphur-water, said mode consisting in enlarging the bore of that portion of the well passing through said strata, inserting a pipe forming a continuation of the main bore, and filling the space between said pipe and the enlarged bore with cement impermeable to sulphur-water, as specified.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

SAML. McEACHEN.

WVitnesses:

J. M. Poona, E. F. BOYLE.

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Cited By (40)

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US2675082A (en) * 1951-12-28 1954-04-13 John A Hall Method for cementing oil and gas wells
US3181610A (en) * 1961-02-13 1965-05-04 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Inorganic cement containing a retarding amount of a modified aldehyde polymer
US20020029881A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-03-14 De Rouffignac Eric Pierre In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation using conductor in conduit heat sources
US20030075318A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2003-04-24 Keedy Charles Robert In situ thermal processing of a coal formation using substantially parallel formed wellbores
US20030080604A1 (en) * 2001-04-24 2003-05-01 Vinegar Harold J. In situ thermal processing and inhibiting migration of fluids into or out of an in situ oil shale formation
US20030079877A1 (en) * 2001-04-24 2003-05-01 Wellington Scott Lee In situ thermal processing of a relatively impermeable formation in a reducing environment
US20030100451A1 (en) * 2001-04-24 2003-05-29 Messier Margaret Ann In situ thermal recovery from a relatively permeable formation with backproduction through a heater wellbore
US6588504B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2003-07-08 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a coal formation to produce nitrogen and/or sulfur containing formation fluids
US20030155111A1 (en) * 2001-04-24 2003-08-21 Shell Oil Co In situ thermal processing of a tar sands formation
US20030173081A1 (en) * 2001-10-24 2003-09-18 Vinegar Harold J. In situ thermal processing of an oil reservoir formation
US20030173085A1 (en) * 2001-10-24 2003-09-18 Vinegar Harold J. Upgrading and mining of coal
US20030196810A1 (en) * 2001-10-24 2003-10-23 Vinegar Harold J. Treatment of a hydrocarbon containing formation after heating
US6698515B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2004-03-02 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a coal formation using a relatively slow heating rate
US6715548B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2004-04-06 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to produce nitrogen containing formation fluids
US6715546B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2004-04-06 Shell Oil Company In situ production of synthesis gas from a hydrocarbon containing formation through a heat source wellbore
US20050269090A1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-12-08 Vinegar Harold J Temperature limited heaters with thermally conductive fluid used to heat subsurface formations
US7011154B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2006-03-14 Shell Oil Company In situ recovery from a kerogen and liquid hydrocarbon containing formation
US7051808B1 (en) 2001-10-24 2006-05-30 Shell Oil Company Seismic monitoring of in situ conversion in a hydrocarbon containing formation
US7073578B2 (en) 2002-10-24 2006-07-11 Shell Oil Company Staged and/or patterned heating during in situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation
US7090013B2 (en) 2001-10-24 2006-08-15 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to produce heated fluids
US7096953B2 (en) 2000-04-24 2006-08-29 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a coal formation using a movable heating element
US7104319B2 (en) 2001-10-24 2006-09-12 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a heavy oil diatomite formation
US7121342B2 (en) 2003-04-24 2006-10-17 Shell Oil Company Thermal processes for subsurface formations
US7165615B2 (en) 2001-10-24 2007-01-23 Shell Oil Company In situ recovery from a hydrocarbon containing formation using conductor-in-conduit heat sources with an electrically conductive material in the overburden
US20070045266A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2007-03-01 Sandberg Chester L In situ conversion process utilizing a closed loop heating system
US20070095536A1 (en) * 2005-10-24 2007-05-03 Vinegar Harold J Cogeneration systems and processes for treating hydrocarbon containing formations
US20070108201A1 (en) * 2005-04-22 2007-05-17 Vinegar Harold J Insulated conductor temperature limited heater for subsurface heating coupled in a three-phase wye configuration
US20080038144A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2008-02-14 Maziasz Phillip J High strength alloys
US20080128134A1 (en) * 2006-10-20 2008-06-05 Ramesh Raju Mudunuri Producing drive fluid in situ in tar sands formations
US20090071652A1 (en) * 2007-04-20 2009-03-19 Vinegar Harold J In situ heat treatment from multiple layers of a tar sands formation
US20090189617A1 (en) * 2007-10-19 2009-07-30 David Burns Continuous subsurface heater temperature measurement
US20090260823A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 Robert George Prince-Wright Mines and tunnels for use in treating subsurface hydrocarbon containing formations
US20100089586A1 (en) * 2008-10-13 2010-04-15 John Andrew Stanecki Movable heaters for treating subsurface hydrocarbon containing formations
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US2675082A (en) * 1951-12-28 1954-04-13 John A Hall Method for cementing oil and gas wells
US3181610A (en) * 1961-02-13 1965-05-04 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Inorganic cement containing a retarding amount of a modified aldehyde polymer
US6789625B2 (en) * 2000-04-24 2004-09-14 Shell Oil Company In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation using exposed metal heat sources
US20020033256A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-03-21 Wellington Scott Lee In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation with a selected hydrogen to carbon ratio
US20020034380A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-03-21 Maher Kevin Albert In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with a selected moisture content
US20020033280A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-03-21 Schoeling Lanny Gene In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with carbon dioxide sequestration
US20020036083A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-03-28 De Rouffignac Eric Pierre In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation with heat sources located at an edge of a formation layer
US20020038710A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-04 Maher Kevin Albert In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation having a selected total organic carbon content
US20020040173A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-04 Rouffignac Eric Pierre De In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to pyrolyze a selected percentage of hydrocarbon material
US20020038706A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-04 Etuan Zhang In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with a selected vitrinite reflectance
US20020038705A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-04 Wellington Scott Lee In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to produce a mixture with a selected hydrogen content
US20020043405A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-18 Vinegar Harold J. In situ thermal processing of a coal formation to produce hydrocarbons having a selected carbon number range
US20020043365A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-18 Berchenko Ilya Emil In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with a selected ratio of heat sources to production wells
US20020043367A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-18 Rouffignac Eric Pierre De In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to increase a permeability of the formation
US20020046832A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-04-25 Etuan Zhang In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation to convert a selected amount of total organic carbon into hydrocarbon products
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US20020050356A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-05-02 Vinegar Harold J. In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with a selected oxygen content and/or selected O/C ratio
US20020053436A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-05-09 Vinegar Harold J. In situ thermal processing of a coal formation to pyrolyze a selected percentage of hydrocarbon material
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US20020062051A1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2002-05-23 Wellington Scott L. In situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation with a selected moisture content
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