US3264165A - Insulating means - Google Patents

Insulating means Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3264165A
US3264165A US41385264A US3264165A US 3264165 A US3264165 A US 3264165A US 41385264 A US41385264 A US 41385264A US 3264165 A US3264165 A US 3264165A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
gas
insulating
insulation
film
foam
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Carl A Stickel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Motors Liquidation Co
Original Assignee
Motors Liquidation Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C13/00Details of vessels or of the filling or discharging of vessels
    • F17C13/001Thermal insulation specially adapted for cryogenic vessels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2203/00Vessel construction, in particular walls or details thereof
    • F17C2203/03Thermal insulations
    • F17C2203/0304Thermal insulations by solid means
    • F17C2203/0329Foam
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2203/00Vessel construction, in particular walls or details thereof
    • F17C2203/03Thermal insulations
    • F17C2203/0304Thermal insulations by solid means
    • F17C2203/0345Fibres
    • F17C2203/035Glass wool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/911Penetration resistant layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/23Sheet including cover or casing
    • Y10T428/231Filled with gas other than air; or under vacuum
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/23Sheet including cover or casing
    • Y10T428/233Foamed or expanded material encased
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/249921Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component
    • Y10T428/249953Composite having voids in a component [e.g., porous, cellular, etc.]
    • Y10T428/249954With chemically effective material or specified gas other than air, N, or carbon dioxide in void-containing component
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/249921Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component
    • Y10T428/249953Composite having voids in a component [e.g., porous, cellular, etc.]
    • Y10T428/249987With nonvoid component of specified composition
    • Y10T428/24999Inorganic

Description

AUSL 2, 1966 c. A. STICKEL" 3,264,165

INSULATING MEANS Filed NOV. 25, 1964 U. Ar 'fl -4- .an .I .-7 .YAY -lr 4 1. ORGANIC RESIN GLASS FIBERS AND INSULATING GAS METAL FILM PO LYVI NYL ALCOHOL POLYUR ETHANE FOAM CONTAINING INSULATING GAS METAL FL"l PO LYETH YL EN E.

United States Patent O 3,264,165 INSULATING MEANS Carl A. Stckel, Dayton, Ohio, assigner to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 25, 1964, Ser. No. 413,852 8 Claims. (Cl. 161-43) This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application SLN. 160,009 filed December 18, 1961 now Patent No. 3,206,345.

This Iinvention relates to improved insulating means. It has been recognized that certain gases with inherently low coefficients of heat transmission after displacing air from insulating materials will substantially increase the insulating properties of good insulating material such as glass fibers or mineral wool. However, it has been difiicult to provide for permanently enclosing such gases in the glass fibers or mineral wool. It has also been difficult to prevent the leakage of such gases and to prevent the puncturing of the enclosure during the handling of it afterward. Various means have often been proposed for accommodating the expansion and contraction of the gas during extreme changes lin temperature and also in barometric pressure.

It is an object of my invention to provide a permanently sealed resilient insulation containing a gas having a low coefiicient of heat transmission.

It is another object of my invention to provide a simple improved means having high insulating value for protecting the enclosure of the sealed resilient insulation from puncture and leakage during processing and subsequent handling and also to accommodate the expansion and contraction of the gas sealed therein.

These and other objects are attained in the first form shown in the drawings in which a piece of glass fiber or mineral wool is provided on its opposite faces with the protective strips of open cell foam or paper. This assembly is enclosed in a thermoplastic film formed of sheets :located on the opposite faces of the protection strips 'with the protruding edges heat sea-led together to complete the enclosure. The entire interior of the thermoplastic film enclosure containing the protective strips and the piece of glass fibers or mineral wool `is provided with a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission which is substantially permanently contained therein. To seal and protect the film and to provide a resilient outer layer, the entire outer surface of the film is provided with a thick coating of a closed cell substantially impervious resilient foamed polymer preferably also substantially permanently containing a gas having a low coefiicien-t of heat transmission.

In the second form of the invention the interior is similar, but the thermoplastic film is provided with a vapor deposited film of a suitable metal such as aluminum. The closed cell substantially impervious resilient foamed polymer containing a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission is provided in a thick coating over the thin metal film. A sealing coating of organic resin is applied over the foamed polymer and a second metal film similar to the first may be applied over the sealing coating. Over the second metal film is a second sealing coating of a suitable organic resin such as polyethylene. The interior of the second form contains glass fibers or mineral wool and a protective strip on opposite sides of the glass fiber or mineral wool and also contains a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission. The metal films as well as the sealing coatings for the foam polymer substantially prevent the escape of any of the insulating gas for an extremely long period.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein pre- ICC ferred embodiments of the present invention are clearly shown.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 `is a diagrammatic `transverse sectional View of the first form of insulating means embodying my invention;

FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic transverse sectional view of the second form of insulating means embodying lmy invention.

FIGURE 1 shows an insulation package in which there is a piece 34 in the form of a rectangular slab of glass fibers or mineral wool. Some glass fibers and mineral wool contain sharp needle-like pieces which may puncture the enclosing -thermoplastic film or sheet. To avoid this possibility of puncturing provided such materials are used, I provide on opposite sides of the glass fiber or mineral wool 34 upper and lower sheets 60 and 56 of thin open -cell foam elastomeric sheeting or craft paper of substantially the same width as the glass fibers or mineral wool piece 34. The assembly of the glass fiber or mineral wool piece 34 and the protective sheets 56 and 60 is enclosed on opposite sides by sheets 50 and 62 of heat sealable thermoplastic film or sheet which are heat sealed together at all their edges 61 to complete the enclosure. Examples of such film or sheet are one or more layers of vinylidene chloride sheet or a copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinyl chloride acetate or a copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinylidene chloride or a polyester of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. The air within the enclosure provided by the sheets 50 and 62 is preferably replaced by a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission such as difiuorodichloromethane or sulphur dioxide.

According to my invention, this film is protected by a thick outer coating 177 of a flexible resilient closed cell substantially impervious foamed polymer directly adherent to the film. This foamed polymer contains in its cells a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission. Preferably the foam polymer 177 is of the polyurethane type and contains as the insulating gas monofiuorotrichloromethane.

As one example of materials forming a flexible closed cell substantially impervious foam polymer, such as the foam polymer 177, there is supplied for one component f' A in parts by weight a mixture of 44 parts of toluene diisocyanate and l5 parts of monofiuorotrichloromethane. The toluene diisocyanate consists of a mixture of parts 2,4 toluene diisocyanate and 2O parts of 2,6 toluene diisocyanate. For the second resin component B, lthere is provided a mixture in parts by weight of 9() parts castor oil, l0 parts of distilled tall oil and 3 parts catalysts including one half part of N-ethyl morpholene, .2 part stannous octoate, 1.0 part of tetramethylguanidine. The resin component B also includes a surfactant in the amount of 1.5 parts of organosiloxane. These components are mixed and sprayed onto the entire outer surface of the films 50 and 62 in sufficient thickness to provide .a thick protective coating of the films sufiicient to protect the film from puncturing, tearing and abrasion during handling and installation.

It should be understood that it is especially important to protect the film 5t), 62 from being punctured by external means since the loss of the insulating gas, difiuorodichloromethane or sulphur dioxide, from the interior greatly reduces the insulating properties of the package. The foam 177 protects the film 50, 62 from being punctured by external means and in addition seals the film to further prevent the escape of the gas therein having the low coefficient of heat transmission and also prevents the ingress of air thereto. It makes it possible for the package to withstand the normal abuses imposed during handling which was a problem with film enclosed insulation.

The cellular structure of the foam is especially effective in sealing any minute holes which may be present in the film. The cellular structure of the foam also makes it effective in preventing cutting and penetration by sharp objects. The cellular structure of the foam and the presence of the insulating gas in the foam have sufficient insulating properties to minimize the effect of external temperature changes on the gas in the interior of the film and thereby minimizes consequent changes of the pressure of the gas therein. The resiliency of the cellular structure makes it possible to expand and contract to fill voids in the insulation space and to absorb increases in pressure of the gas during contraction and expansion of the insulation gas within to ll any voids in the insulation space within which the package may be lodged.

The second form of the invention embodies an insulation package shown in FIGURE 2 in which there is a fiat rectangular piece of glass fibers or mineral wool 134. As in FIGURE 1, this piece 134 is covered on its upper and lower faces by a lower protector sheet 156 and an upper protector sheet 160 of open cell elastomeric foam or kraft paper. These protector sheets prevent the possibility that some sharp needle-like piece within the glass fibers or mineral wool 134 will puncture the enclosing film. As in FIGURE l, the assembly of the piece of glass fibers or mineral wool 134 and the protector sheets 156 and 160 is enclosed by lower and upper sheets 150 and 162 of a thin thermoplastic film. This film is preferably made up of one or more layers of vinylidene chloride sheet r other heat sealable films or sheets such as vinyl chloride-acetate copolymer or a copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinylidene chloride or a polyester of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. The latter sheet material is preferred and preferably is provided with a thin vapor deposited coa-ting 163 of aluminum over its entire surface. However, prior to this deposition of the metal film the interior of the enclosure is evacuated and charged with a gas having a low coefficient of heat transmission such as difiuorodichloromethane or sulphur dioxide. The edges 161 are also heat sealed together completely around the assembly of the piece 134 and the protector sheets 156 and 160 before the vapor deposited metal film is applied.

The vapor deposited metal film substantially improves the holding of the insulating gas within the interior and therefore prolongs the effectiveness of the insulation. Where the useful life of the structure in which the insulation package is to be used is relatively short, the metal coating 163 may be omitted.

According to my invention to protect the enclosure from puncturing and tearing and to seal the thermoplastic film and to hold and protect the metal film, I apply a thick coating 176 of a resilient elastic flexible closed cell substantially impervious foamed polymer of the polyurethane type, preferably containing in the cells thereof a gas such as monouorotrichloromethane having a low coefficient of heat transmission. The specific example may be the same as that set forth for the coating or layer 177 in FIGURE 1 and performs the same functions.

While this foam polymer is capable of retaining the gas in its cells for a long period of time, there is a tendency for its effectiveness to be reduced gradually by penetration by moisture vapor and air. To prolong the insulation properties of the foam polymer, I provide the foam polymer 176 with a thin flexible external coating 178 of polyvinyl alcohol or a polyester of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. To provide additional gas sealing properties I provide a second vapor deposited very thin flexible film 180 of aluminum to the external surface of the plastic resin 178. This film 180 may be omitted where some loss of insulating efficiency after a long time is not important. To protect the metal film 180 from puncturing and abrasion, and to protect the polyvinyl alcohol coating from contact with moisture, I provide an outer coa-ting 182 of either polyethylene or a polyester of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. These outer coatings and films are sufficiently thin and flexible that they do not substantially interfere with the iiexibility and resiliency of the much thicker cellular layer 17 6 which is composed -of the foam polymer.

The external coatings provided make practical this gas lled type of insulation since it is possible for the insulation package to be readily handled without substantial danger of cutting or puncturing the sealing enclosure so that the escape of the gas is permanently prevented. The resiliency and toughness of the coatings 178 and 182 on the outside of the foam polymer 176 add to the effectiveness in preventing cutting and puncturing and also abrasion. The package may be made inexpensively through the use of automatic machinery as illustra-ted in my copending application S.N. 160,009 filed December 18, 1961. The package may be applied to the interior of the hollow walls of refrigerators or other insulating structures such as insulated trucks and refrigerator cars. The foam layer can be compressed during periods of high pressure of the gas within the in-terior of the package to prevent excessive pressures therein and it may expand during periods of low pressure resulting from cold temperatures to ll any voids in the insulation space, Thus the insulation package by the provision of this resilient foam layer is capable of application to wider changes in temperature than packages enclosed solely in solid films.

While the embodiments of the present invention as herein disclosed constitute preferred forms, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.

What is claimed is as follows:

1. Insulation comprising a resilient permeable insulating material containing a gas having god insulating properties, a sealed bag of thin flexible material enclosing said insulating material and sealing said gas in the insulating material, and a resilient foam material bonded t0 the entire outer surfaces of said bag and completely enclosing the outer surfaces of said bag.

2. Insulation comprising a resilient permeable insulating material containing a gas having good insulating properties, a sealed bag 0f thin flexible material enclosing said insulating material and sealing said gas in the insulating material, and a resilient foam material bonded to and completely enclosing the outer surfaces of said bag, said foam material containing a preponderance of closed cells containing a gas having good insulating properties.

3. Insulation comprising a resilient permeable insulating material in the form of a relatively thick sheet of extensive area containing a gas having good insulating properies, protector sheeting provided upon opposite sides of said resilient insulating material, a sealed bag of thin flexible material enclosing said insulating material and said protector sheeting land sealing said gas in the insulating material, and a foam material bonded to the entire outer surfaces of said bag.

4. Insulation comprising a resilient permeable insulating material containing a gas having good insulating properties, a 'sealed bag of thin flexible material enclosing said insulating material and sealing said gas in the insulating material, and a polyurethane foam material bonded to and surrounding and completely enclosing and protecting the entire outer surfaces of said sealed bag.

5. Insulation as specified in claim 4 in which the polyurethane foam material is substantially impervious and has a preponderance of closed cells containing an insulating gas.

6. Insulation as specified in claim 4 in which the polyurethane foam material has an external sealing coating.

7. Insulation as specified in claim 4 in which the polyurethane foam material has an external sealing coating having a layer of organic resin on opposite sides of a metal film.

E e 6 8. Insulation comprising a thick rectangular resilient References Cited by the Examiner permeable insulation material containing a gas having good insulating properties, a sealed bag of insulating ma- UNITED STATES PATENTS teria] enclosing and extending throughout both sides 2,742,385 4/ 1956 Bovenkerk 161-407 and all the edges of said insulating material and sealing 5 2,817,124 12/ 1957 Dybvig 52-406 the gas in the insulating material, and a foam material 2,869,336 1/1959 Smidl 52 404 extending continuously over and completely enclosing the outer surfaces of said bag and being bonded continuously RICHARD W COOKE, JR Primary Examle,.

to the entire outer surfaces of both sides and all the edges o'f said bag, 10 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. INSULATION COMPSIRING A RESILIENT PERMEABLE INSULATING MATERIAL CONTAINING A GAS GOD INSULATING PROPERTIES, A SEALED BAG OF THIN FLEXIBLE MATERIAL ENCLOSING SAID INSULATING MATERIAL AND SEALING SAID GAS IN THE INSULATING MATERIAL, AND A RESILIENT FOAM MATERIAL BONDED TO THE ENTIRE OUTER SURFACES OF SAID BAG AND COMPLETELY ENCLOSING THE OUTER SURFACES OF SAID BAG.
US3264165A 1964-11-25 1964-11-25 Insulating means Expired - Lifetime US3264165A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3264165A US3264165A (en) 1964-11-25 1964-11-25 Insulating means

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3264165A US3264165A (en) 1964-11-25 1964-11-25 Insulating means

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3264165A true US3264165A (en) 1966-08-02

Family

ID=23638929

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3264165A Expired - Lifetime US3264165A (en) 1964-11-25 1964-11-25 Insulating means

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3264165A (en)

Cited By (78)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3420022A (en) * 1966-09-20 1969-01-07 Wayne C Brock Concrete insulation blanket
US3803784A (en) * 1971-06-25 1974-04-16 O Becker Composite wall element for thermal and acoustic insulation
US3818664A (en) * 1973-02-08 1974-06-25 Rockwell International Corp Insulated tank base and insulated block
US3917471A (en) * 1971-03-18 1975-11-04 Otto Alfred Becker Insulating flexible composite element and purge system
US3991531A (en) * 1970-06-25 1976-11-16 Otto Alfred Becker Composite wall element for thermal and acoustic insulation
USRE29851E (en) * 1970-03-19 1978-11-28 Insulating flexible composite element and purge system
US4136205A (en) * 1977-03-30 1979-01-23 W. R. Grace & Co. Container and method for packaging meat articles
US4136203A (en) * 1976-07-08 1979-01-23 Swift & Company Meat packaging
US4172915A (en) * 1978-07-31 1979-10-30 American Can Company Thermal insulation
US4213280A (en) * 1978-09-06 1980-07-22 Novaro Investments Limited Modular unit for the construction of floating decks of liquid storage tanks
FR2445926A1 (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-08-01 Sandborn Edmund Floating apron for controlling evapn. in storage tanks - is mfd. from corrosion resistant, non-submersible, impermeable modules with foam plastic core in plastic-covered flexible metal envelope
US4239111A (en) * 1979-05-21 1980-12-16 Laminating & Coating Corporation Flexible pouch with cross-oriented puncture guard
US4267960A (en) * 1979-08-29 1981-05-19 American Can Company Bag for vacuum packaging of meats or similar products
US4282276A (en) * 1978-08-28 1981-08-04 Smith Stuart B Thermal insulation packet
US4284674A (en) * 1979-11-08 1981-08-18 American Can Company Thermal insulation
US4297820A (en) * 1977-12-05 1981-11-03 Covington Brothers Technologies Composite structural panel with multilayered reflective core
JPS5796852A (en) * 1980-12-09 1982-06-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heat insulating material
US4340630A (en) * 1980-04-04 1982-07-20 Doty Francis D Low conductivity gas sealed building insulation
US4350724A (en) * 1978-05-08 1982-09-21 Marrs Ralph E Acoustic energy systems
US4399645A (en) * 1980-12-15 1983-08-23 Lou Weitz Bladder insulation
EP0099574A2 (en) * 1982-07-20 1984-02-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Composite thermal insulator
US4444821A (en) * 1982-11-01 1984-04-24 General Electric Company Vacuum thermal insulation panel
US4459789A (en) * 1982-05-20 1984-07-17 Ford Donald F Window
US4497406A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-02-05 Terumo Corporation Package for storage of medical container
US4534984A (en) * 1983-08-16 1985-08-13 W. R. Grace & Co., Cryovac Div. Puncture-resistant bag and method for vacuum packaging bone-in meat
US4537305A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-08-27 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Package for storage of medical container
US4584225A (en) * 1980-07-07 1986-04-22 The Crowell Corporation Protective material and use
EP0181778A2 (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-05-21 Nippon Sanso Kabushiki Kaisha Evacuated heat insulation unit and method of manufacturing same
US4726974A (en) * 1986-10-08 1988-02-23 Union Carbide Corporation Vacuum insulation panel
US4730748A (en) * 1986-03-11 1988-03-15 William Bane Reusable insulated box
US4825089A (en) * 1987-07-13 1989-04-25 Lindsay Brad H Radiant barrier apparatus
US4901676A (en) * 1988-04-04 1990-02-20 Soltech, Inc. Sealing and insulation device for the space between spaced apart surfaces
US5018328A (en) * 1989-12-18 1991-05-28 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-compartment vacuum insulation panels
WO1991017326A1 (en) * 1990-04-30 1991-11-14 Walter Lindal Compressible thermal insulation batts sealed in waterproof bags for building construction
US5070668A (en) * 1987-12-03 1991-12-10 Lieberman Ivan E Textured construction material and method of fabrication
US5082335A (en) * 1989-12-18 1992-01-21 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum insulation system for insulating refrigeration cabinets
US5091233A (en) * 1989-12-18 1992-02-25 Whirlpool Corporation Getter structure for vacuum insulation panels
US5099629A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-03-31 Gay Ronald K Fully enclosed insulation packet for between floor joists in basements
US5154309A (en) * 1991-01-07 1992-10-13 Rock-Tenn Company Insulating blanket for shipping container having scored mineral wool
US5201868A (en) * 1991-01-22 1993-04-13 Rock-Tenn Company Insulated shipping container
US5215699A (en) * 1989-11-24 1993-06-01 Lieberman Ivan E Textured construction material and method of fabricating
US5266251A (en) * 1989-12-29 1993-11-30 Edulan A/S Method for the manufacture of a heat insulating foamed plastic material and blowing agent to be used by the method
US5271980A (en) * 1991-07-19 1993-12-21 Bell Dennis J Flexible evacuated insulating panel
US5277955A (en) * 1989-12-08 1994-01-11 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. Insulation assembly
US5318644A (en) * 1993-06-02 1994-06-07 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. Method and apparatus for making an insulation assembly
US5330816A (en) * 1992-12-23 1994-07-19 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. High R super insulation panel
US5345814A (en) * 1990-12-28 1994-09-13 Whirlpool Corporation Method and apparatus for testing vacuum insulation panel quality
US5379568A (en) * 1992-04-13 1995-01-10 Murray; Earl W. Method and apparatus for providing cellulose-filled insulation batts
US5408832A (en) * 1992-06-08 1995-04-25 Saes Getters, S.P.A. Thermally insulating jacket and related process
US5441170A (en) * 1994-02-16 1995-08-15 Bane, Iii; William W. Shipping container with multiple insulated compartments
US5545279A (en) * 1992-12-30 1996-08-13 Hall; Herbert L. Method of making an insulation assembly
US5664396A (en) * 1995-12-29 1997-09-09 Mve, Inc. Vacuum insulation panel
US5718096A (en) * 1992-01-18 1998-02-17 Thyssen Nordseewerke Gmbh Box-shaped structures, such as buildings
US5979693A (en) * 1997-12-29 1999-11-09 Bane, Iii; William W. Panel for shipping containers
US6109712A (en) * 1998-07-16 2000-08-29 Maytag Corporation Integrated vacuum panel insulation for thermal cabinet structures
US6164030A (en) * 1996-07-29 2000-12-26 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Fixed vacuum insulation panel
US6266941B1 (en) * 1997-02-27 2001-07-31 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Vacuum heat-insulating panel and method for producing the same
US6364976B2 (en) * 1998-09-18 2002-04-02 Findlay Industries, Inc. Method of manufacturing laminated structures with multiple denier polyester core fibers, randomly oriented reinforcement fibers
US6521077B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-02-18 Lydall, Inc. Method for insulating a cryogenic container
US20030090188A1 (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-15 Luca Gamberoni Domestic refrigerator with improved thermal insulation
US6571677B1 (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-06-03 Kamaljit S. Kaura Ballistic protective plate
US20030126814A1 (en) * 2001-10-26 2003-07-10 Cook Brent T. Climate controlled housing unit
EP1353018A1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-15 Serge Branlant Sratified material for thermal insulation, its process of manufacturing and device for its implementation
US20030213211A1 (en) * 2001-10-31 2003-11-20 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US20040045234A1 (en) * 2001-10-31 2004-03-11 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US6860082B1 (en) * 1999-04-12 2005-03-01 Isuzu Motors Limited Heat insulating wall member, and method of manufacturing the same
DE10359005A1 (en) * 2003-12-15 2005-07-14 Va-Q-Tec Ag Composite thermal insulation board
US7334375B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2008-02-26 Saes Getters S.P.A. Evacuated panel for thermal insulation of a body having non-planar surfaces
US20090233038A1 (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-09-17 Eldon Coppersmith Thermal and sound building insulation panels having internal vacuum
US20100087562A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2010-04-08 Salvatore Anthony Diloreto Polyurethane Foam Batt Insulation
EP2003388A3 (en) * 2007-06-14 2010-07-07 Joachim Luther Heat insulating body and method for producing same
US20110011019A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Specified Technologies Inc. Firestopping sealing means for use with gypsum wallboard in head-of-wall construction
US20110072959A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2011-03-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Conformable self-healing ballistic armor
US20130318902A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 R. I. Lampus Company Structural Unit Insulation Arrangement, System, and Process
US20150267959A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Gas barrier film, refrigerator having the same and method of manufacturing gas barrier film
US20160039594A1 (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-11 Sonoco Development, Inc. Double Bag Vacuum Insulation Panel For Steam Chest Molding
EP3075918A1 (en) * 2015-03-30 2016-10-05 Paroc Group Oy Insulation product or construction containing fiber-based insulation
EP2119842B1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2017-08-09 Saint-Gobain Isover G+H Ag Insulation element and method for producing same

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2742385A (en) * 1952-06-14 1956-04-17 Gen Electric Insulated structures
US2817124A (en) * 1956-02-08 1957-12-24 Gen Motors Corp Refrigeration apparatus
US2869336A (en) * 1955-08-15 1959-01-20 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2742385A (en) * 1952-06-14 1956-04-17 Gen Electric Insulated structures
US2869336A (en) * 1955-08-15 1959-01-20 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus
US2817124A (en) * 1956-02-08 1957-12-24 Gen Motors Corp Refrigeration apparatus

Cited By (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3420022A (en) * 1966-09-20 1969-01-07 Wayne C Brock Concrete insulation blanket
USRE29851E (en) * 1970-03-19 1978-11-28 Insulating flexible composite element and purge system
US3991531A (en) * 1970-06-25 1976-11-16 Otto Alfred Becker Composite wall element for thermal and acoustic insulation
US3917471A (en) * 1971-03-18 1975-11-04 Otto Alfred Becker Insulating flexible composite element and purge system
USRE29517E (en) * 1971-06-25 1978-01-17 Composite wall element for thermal and acoustic insulation
US3803784A (en) * 1971-06-25 1974-04-16 O Becker Composite wall element for thermal and acoustic insulation
US3818664A (en) * 1973-02-08 1974-06-25 Rockwell International Corp Insulated tank base and insulated block
US4136203A (en) * 1976-07-08 1979-01-23 Swift & Company Meat packaging
US4136205A (en) * 1977-03-30 1979-01-23 W. R. Grace & Co. Container and method for packaging meat articles
US4297820A (en) * 1977-12-05 1981-11-03 Covington Brothers Technologies Composite structural panel with multilayered reflective core
US4350724A (en) * 1978-05-08 1982-09-21 Marrs Ralph E Acoustic energy systems
US4172915A (en) * 1978-07-31 1979-10-30 American Can Company Thermal insulation
US4282276A (en) * 1978-08-28 1981-08-04 Smith Stuart B Thermal insulation packet
US4213280A (en) * 1978-09-06 1980-07-22 Novaro Investments Limited Modular unit for the construction of floating decks of liquid storage tanks
FR2445926A1 (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-08-01 Sandborn Edmund Floating apron for controlling evapn. in storage tanks - is mfd. from corrosion resistant, non-submersible, impermeable modules with foam plastic core in plastic-covered flexible metal envelope
US4239111A (en) * 1979-05-21 1980-12-16 Laminating & Coating Corporation Flexible pouch with cross-oriented puncture guard
US4267960A (en) * 1979-08-29 1981-05-19 American Can Company Bag for vacuum packaging of meats or similar products
US4284674A (en) * 1979-11-08 1981-08-18 American Can Company Thermal insulation
US4340630A (en) * 1980-04-04 1982-07-20 Doty Francis D Low conductivity gas sealed building insulation
US4584225A (en) * 1980-07-07 1986-04-22 The Crowell Corporation Protective material and use
US4529638A (en) * 1980-12-09 1985-07-16 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Thermal insulator
JPS6117263B2 (en) * 1980-12-09 1986-05-07 Matsushita Denki Sangyo Kk
JPS5796852A (en) * 1980-12-09 1982-06-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heat insulating material
US4399645A (en) * 1980-12-15 1983-08-23 Lou Weitz Bladder insulation
US4537305A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-08-27 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Package for storage of medical container
US4497406A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-02-05 Terumo Corporation Package for storage of medical container
US4459789A (en) * 1982-05-20 1984-07-17 Ford Donald F Window
EP0099574A3 (en) * 1982-07-20 1985-08-14 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Composite thermal insulator
US4492725A (en) * 1982-07-20 1985-01-08 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Composite thermal insulator
EP0099574A2 (en) * 1982-07-20 1984-02-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Composite thermal insulator
US4444821A (en) * 1982-11-01 1984-04-24 General Electric Company Vacuum thermal insulation panel
US4534984A (en) * 1983-08-16 1985-08-13 W. R. Grace & Co., Cryovac Div. Puncture-resistant bag and method for vacuum packaging bone-in meat
EP0181778A2 (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-05-21 Nippon Sanso Kabushiki Kaisha Evacuated heat insulation unit and method of manufacturing same
EP0181778A3 (en) * 1984-11-13 1987-07-29 Nippon Sanso Kabushiki Kaisha Evacuated heat insulation unit and method of manufacturing same
US4730748A (en) * 1986-03-11 1988-03-15 William Bane Reusable insulated box
US4726974A (en) * 1986-10-08 1988-02-23 Union Carbide Corporation Vacuum insulation panel
EP0263511A3 (en) * 1986-10-08 1988-08-24 Union Carbide Corporation Vacuum insulation panel
EP0263511A2 (en) * 1986-10-08 1988-04-13 Union Carbide Corporation Vacuum insulation panel
US4825089A (en) * 1987-07-13 1989-04-25 Lindsay Brad H Radiant barrier apparatus
US5070668A (en) * 1987-12-03 1991-12-10 Lieberman Ivan E Textured construction material and method of fabrication
US4901676A (en) * 1988-04-04 1990-02-20 Soltech, Inc. Sealing and insulation device for the space between spaced apart surfaces
US5215699A (en) * 1989-11-24 1993-06-01 Lieberman Ivan E Textured construction material and method of fabricating
US5277955A (en) * 1989-12-08 1994-01-11 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. Insulation assembly
US5018328A (en) * 1989-12-18 1991-05-28 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-compartment vacuum insulation panels
US5082335A (en) * 1989-12-18 1992-01-21 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum insulation system for insulating refrigeration cabinets
US5091233A (en) * 1989-12-18 1992-02-25 Whirlpool Corporation Getter structure for vacuum insulation panels
US5266251A (en) * 1989-12-29 1993-11-30 Edulan A/S Method for the manufacture of a heat insulating foamed plastic material and blowing agent to be used by the method
WO1991017326A1 (en) * 1990-04-30 1991-11-14 Walter Lindal Compressible thermal insulation batts sealed in waterproof bags for building construction
US5099629A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-03-31 Gay Ronald K Fully enclosed insulation packet for between floor joists in basements
US5345814A (en) * 1990-12-28 1994-09-13 Whirlpool Corporation Method and apparatus for testing vacuum insulation panel quality
US5154309A (en) * 1991-01-07 1992-10-13 Rock-Tenn Company Insulating blanket for shipping container having scored mineral wool
US5201868A (en) * 1991-01-22 1993-04-13 Rock-Tenn Company Insulated shipping container
US5271980A (en) * 1991-07-19 1993-12-21 Bell Dennis J Flexible evacuated insulating panel
US5718096A (en) * 1992-01-18 1998-02-17 Thyssen Nordseewerke Gmbh Box-shaped structures, such as buildings
US5379568A (en) * 1992-04-13 1995-01-10 Murray; Earl W. Method and apparatus for providing cellulose-filled insulation batts
USRE42467E1 (en) 1992-06-08 2011-06-21 Saes Getters S.P.A. Thermally insulating jacket and related process
US5408832A (en) * 1992-06-08 1995-04-25 Saes Getters, S.P.A. Thermally insulating jacket and related process
US5330816A (en) * 1992-12-23 1994-07-19 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. High R super insulation panel
US5545279A (en) * 1992-12-30 1996-08-13 Hall; Herbert L. Method of making an insulation assembly
US5318644A (en) * 1993-06-02 1994-06-07 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc. Method and apparatus for making an insulation assembly
US5441170A (en) * 1994-02-16 1995-08-15 Bane, Iii; William W. Shipping container with multiple insulated compartments
US5664396A (en) * 1995-12-29 1997-09-09 Mve, Inc. Vacuum insulation panel
US6164030A (en) * 1996-07-29 2000-12-26 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Fixed vacuum insulation panel
US6266941B1 (en) * 1997-02-27 2001-07-31 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Vacuum heat-insulating panel and method for producing the same
US5979693A (en) * 1997-12-29 1999-11-09 Bane, Iii; William W. Panel for shipping containers
US6109712A (en) * 1998-07-16 2000-08-29 Maytag Corporation Integrated vacuum panel insulation for thermal cabinet structures
US6364976B2 (en) * 1998-09-18 2002-04-02 Findlay Industries, Inc. Method of manufacturing laminated structures with multiple denier polyester core fibers, randomly oriented reinforcement fibers
US6521077B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-02-18 Lydall, Inc. Method for insulating a cryogenic container
US6860082B1 (en) * 1999-04-12 2005-03-01 Isuzu Motors Limited Heat insulating wall member, and method of manufacturing the same
US7334375B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2008-02-26 Saes Getters S.P.A. Evacuated panel for thermal insulation of a body having non-planar surfaces
US20030126814A1 (en) * 2001-10-26 2003-07-10 Cook Brent T. Climate controlled housing unit
US7530204B2 (en) * 2001-10-26 2009-05-12 Celestia Climate controlled housing unit
US20040045234A1 (en) * 2001-10-31 2004-03-11 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US20030213211A1 (en) * 2001-10-31 2003-11-20 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US6698146B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2004-03-02 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US6783345B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2004-08-31 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn In situ molded thermal barriers
US7152385B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2006-12-26 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US7043880B2 (en) * 2001-10-31 2006-05-16 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. In situ molded thermal barriers
US20030090188A1 (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-15 Luca Gamberoni Domestic refrigerator with improved thermal insulation
US7001005B2 (en) * 2001-11-09 2006-02-21 Whirlpool Corporation Domestic refrigerator with improved thermal insulation
US6571677B1 (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-06-03 Kamaljit S. Kaura Ballistic protective plate
FR2838466A1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-17 Serge Branlant Material laminated insulation and process for its manufacture
EP1353018A1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-15 Serge Branlant Sratified material for thermal insulation, its process of manufacturing and device for its implementation
DE10359005A1 (en) * 2003-12-15 2005-07-14 Va-Q-Tec Ag Composite thermal insulation board
US20100087562A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2010-04-08 Salvatore Anthony Diloreto Polyurethane Foam Batt Insulation
EP2003388A3 (en) * 2007-06-14 2010-07-07 Joachim Luther Heat insulating body and method for producing same
US7966923B2 (en) * 2007-06-28 2011-06-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Conformable self-healing ballistic armor
US20110072959A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2011-03-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Conformable self-healing ballistic armor
US20090233038A1 (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-09-17 Eldon Coppersmith Thermal and sound building insulation panels having internal vacuum
EP2119842B1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2017-08-09 Saint-Gobain Isover G+H Ag Insulation element and method for producing same
US8375666B2 (en) * 2009-07-14 2013-02-19 Specified Technologies Inc. Firestopping sealing means for use with gypsum wallboard in head-of-wall construction
US20110011019A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Specified Technologies Inc. Firestopping sealing means for use with gypsum wallboard in head-of-wall construction
US8584415B2 (en) 2009-07-14 2013-11-19 Specified Technologies Inc. Firestopping sealing means for use with gypsum wallboard in head-of-wall construction
US8782981B2 (en) * 2012-06-01 2014-07-22 R.I. Lampus Company Structural unit insulation arrangement, system, and process
US20130318902A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 R. I. Lampus Company Structural Unit Insulation Arrangement, System, and Process
US20150267959A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Gas barrier film, refrigerator having the same and method of manufacturing gas barrier film
US20160039594A1 (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-11 Sonoco Development, Inc. Double Bag Vacuum Insulation Panel For Steam Chest Molding
US9688454B2 (en) * 2014-08-05 2017-06-27 Sonoco Development, Inc. Double bag vacuum insulation panel for steam chest molding
EP3075918A1 (en) * 2015-03-30 2016-10-05 Paroc Group Oy Insulation product or construction containing fiber-based insulation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3307318A (en) Foam plastic filler method
US3160549A (en) Vibration damping structures
US5565254A (en) Cover for insulation and method of manufacture
US5532034A (en) Getter system for vacuum insulation panel
US5512345A (en) Vacuum insulator casing and method of making vacuum insulator panel
US4668551A (en) Evacuated heat insulation unit and method of manufacturing same
US6817441B2 (en) Shape memory foam member and method of producing the same
US20040164499A1 (en) Shape memory foam material
US20020168496A1 (en) Method of deforming vacuum heat insulation material, method of fixing vacuum heat insulation material, refrigeration, cold storage vessel, and heat insulation box body
US4730748A (en) Reusable insulated box
US4745015A (en) Thermal insulating panel
US4949847A (en) Storage receptacle
US5409041A (en) Laminated sheet
US20110165367A1 (en) Vacuum heat insulation material and manufacturing method therefor
US3936553A (en) Insulating materials
US3221085A (en) Process of making an insulated cabinet
US4284674A (en) Thermal insulation
US3993833A (en) Polyurethane foam-backed pressure-sensitive adhesive tape
EP0350907A2 (en) Thin film electroluminescent panel
US6087581A (en) Regenerable thermal insulation and cooling elements insulated thereby
US5767024A (en) Combined thermal and acoustic insulator
US6765031B2 (en) Micropore open cell foam composite and method for manufacturing same
US3813137A (en) Refrigerator cabinet
US2116771A (en) Insulating unit
US2863179A (en) Refrigerating apparatus