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Exercising-machine

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Publication number
US326247A
US326247A US1885326247A US326247A US 326247 A US326247 A US 326247A US 1885326247 A US1885326247 A US 1885326247A US 326247 A US326247 A US 326247A
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Prior art keywords
levers
wheel
machine
exercising
foot
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/00178Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices for active exercising, the apparatus being also usable for passive exercising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4041Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof characterised by the movements of the interface
    • A63B21/4047Pivoting movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0002Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms
    • A63B22/001Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0048Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis
    • A63B22/0056Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis the pivoting movement being in a vertical plane, e.g. steppers with a horizontal axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03575Apparatus used for exercising upper and lower limbs simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/22Resisting devices with rotary bodies
    • A63B21/225Resisting devices with rotary bodies with flywheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2208/00Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player
    • A63B2208/02Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player posture
    • A63B2208/0242Lying down
    • A63B2208/0257Lying down prone
    • A63B2208/0261Lying down prone using trunk supports resisting forward motion of user

Description

2 Sheet-Sheet --1.

(No Model.)

J. B. ROOT.-

EXBRUIS-ING MAGHINE.

Patented Sept.

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. B. ROOT.

. v EXERGISING MACHINE. No. 326,247. Patented Sept. 15, 1885.

v fi zmmior I NITEDI STATES PATENT @FFICE.

JOHN B. noor, or rom onns'rnn, NEW YORK.

EXERCISING-MACHINE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 326,247, dated September 15, 1885.

Application filed February 16, 1885.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JOHN B. ROOT, of Port Chester, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Exercising-Machines,

cular exercise with the outlay of but little nervous strength.

It consists,in general,of devices arranged to support the body of the person exercising in a horizontal position, leaving his arms and legs free, and in levers for the hands and feet to operate, which levers are connected to a flywheel in such a manner as to operate or be operated by the same. By working said levers singly, in pairs, or otherwise, the fly-wheel is put in motion, and its motion reacts upon the person using the machine, thereby causing his muscles to be exercised while he is in a comparatively passive condition.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side View of a machine embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the same on plane 00 0a; and Fig. 3 is a side view of a modified form.

In these views a represents the base of the machine. B is an upright frame secured to the base. Supported on this frame in suitable bearings is the gear-wheel G, which meshes with the pinion D on the shaft of the fly-wheel E. On the ends of the shaft of the gear-wheel are crank-disks F.

G G are foot-levers hinged to the base of the machine and attached to the gear-wheel crankpins by connecting-rods H.

I I are hand-levers similarly arranged at the other end of the machine, and J are the rods connecting them to the gear-wheel crank-disks. These hand-levers have at their upper ends handles K, suited to the grasp of a persons hand.

The foot-levers are provided with foot-plates I1,which hang on pivots M, in the upper forked ends of these levers, and are provided with foot-straps N.

O is a saddle or body-support arranged upon the top of the fly-wheel frame. It is pref- (No model.)

erably cushioned, and conforms to the general shape of a persons body, with a breast-support, P, and a forehead-support, Q. There are also hipsupports, Q, which are for the lower parts of the body to rest upon, and this is to relieve the abdomen of a person exercising from the 'weight of the body or other Weight or pressure.

It is a screw-rod fixed in a slot in the base of the machine. Upon this rod travels the lug S, which projects down from the plate T, upon which the hand and foot levers are pivoted. Turning the screw-rod moves the hand-levers or the foot-levers nearer to or away from the saddle to accommodate the machine to persons of different sizes. For a like purpose the connecting-rods may be raised on the levers, or their operative length changed, and the forehead-support and saddle can also be moved on their supports, if it be desired to adjust them.

To exercise upon the machine, a person lies in the saddle, as shown, with his hands upon the handdevers and his feet in the foot-straps. In this'position he can alternately push against one hand-lever and the foot-lever upon the opposite side, and then against the other handlever and the foot-lever opposite to it, this being the mode of operating suited to the adjustment shown. Other combinations of foot and arm movements may be had, however, by changing the adjustment of the rods connecting the hand and foot levers to the balance-wheel, or by changing the position of the levers upon the base, or the position of the crank-pins; or the hand or foot levers may be alone worked, one of each pair, or those of one side; or the one exercising may stand before the leversand work one or both of either pair, and so on through many other movements or combinations of movements.

It will now be understood that when any one or more of the levers are Worked the fly-wheel will be put in motion, and the power thus stored in the fly-wheel will cause it to run for some time after the power exerted to drive it is no longer applied. This is the essential feature of advantages incident to the machine, and because it makes the machine reactionary, or so that it can act upon a person while in a quiet or passive state. Thus a person needs to exert his strength but a short time to put the flywheel into rapid motion, and he can then lie with limbs relaxed and without effort be exercised by the fly-wheel as it runs down; or he may, with slight efl'ort exerted regularly or at short intervals, keep the fly-wheel running continuously for any length of time, and in such latter use of the machine the advantage of the fly-wheel is-that it makes the naturally-uneven movements of the limbs and body even and regular, and effects their suflicient exercise without strains or shocks, or any of theill results that often follow other methods of exercising.

The forehead rest or brace is of much assistance to a person when using the machine, as shown, for it gives a firm support for the head and serves as a convenient brace to hold the person in an easy and fixed position.

In Fig. 3 I show a supplemental device for exercising the arms without exerting the grasping-power of the hands. U U are arm-rests arranged at the sides of the saddle "and supported upon angle levers V V, pivoted to the saddle -supports, and these angle-levers are attached to the hand-levers I I by connectingrods W. The person exercising places his arms upon the arm-rests, asshown, and bears down upon them, in eonj unetiou with pushing upon the foot-levers, to drive the machine, though in this case the fly-wheel is mainly driven by the feet. So, also, aperson exercising may lie on his back with the saddle properly adjusted and with his armsin aposition upon the armrests reversed to that shown in Fig. 3. Inthis view, too, I have shown the operating-levers as directly connected to the fly'wheel.

Still other connections between the flywheel and the limbs of a person exercising are possible; but the forms shown will suifice to explain the principle of the invention.

What is claimed as new is- 1. In an exercising-machine, the combination of afly-wheel and ahandle or handles connected by a crank with and for operating said fly-wheel, as and for the purpose described.

2. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel and a foot lever or levers connected by a crank with and for operating said fiy-wheel, as and for the purpose set forth.

3. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel and hand and foot levers connected byacrank thereto for operating the same, as and for the purpose set forth.

4. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel, hand and foot levers attached thereto and for operating the same, and ahorizontal body'support or saddle, asand for the purpose set forth.

5. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a saddle,O, adapted to the shape of and for holding a persons body, and a head rest or brace, Q, as and for the purpose set forth.

6 In combination, the fly-wheel E, the operating-levers pivoted to a plate, T, provided with the lug S, and the screw R, as and for the purpose set forth.

JOHN B. ROOT.

Witnesses:

T. J. KEANE, J. R. NOTTINGHAM.

US326247A 1885-02-16 1885-02-16 Exercising-machine Expired - Lifetime US326247A (en)

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Cited By (77)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2419998A (en) * 1946-03-01 1947-05-06 Wallace J S Johnson Exercising machine
US2455548A (en) * 1948-07-22 1948-12-07 Joseph D Bell Exercising machine
US2497391A (en) * 1945-06-28 1950-02-14 Becker Benjamin Mechanical swimming exercising machine
US2603486A (en) * 1948-07-23 1952-07-15 Joseph Borroughs Push and pull exerciser
US2969060A (en) * 1959-07-13 1961-01-24 Howard F Swanda Exercising machine
US3039456A (en) * 1959-12-24 1962-06-19 Ronald S Luce Exercise chair
US3363335A (en) * 1964-03-27 1968-01-16 Charles D. Burhns Patterning apparatus
US3731921A (en) * 1971-03-29 1973-05-08 C Andrews Bench for simulating and developing swimming movements
US3759511A (en) * 1971-03-29 1973-09-18 K Gustafson Adjustable friction type exercising device
US4188030A (en) * 1976-10-18 1980-02-12 Repco Limited Cycle exerciser
DE3002265A1 (en) * 1980-01-23 1981-09-03 Festo Maschf Stoll G Trainingsgeraet
US4657244A (en) * 1986-07-31 1987-04-14 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US4712789A (en) * 1987-04-10 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exercisers
US4720093A (en) * 1984-06-18 1988-01-19 Del Mar Avionics Stress test exercise device
EP0270734A1 (en) * 1986-12-05 1988-06-15 Firma A. Bösl Physical exercise apparatus for physically training the legs and/or the feet
WO1989001353A1 (en) * 1987-08-14 1989-02-23 Superspine, Inc. Active and passive coordinated walking device
EP0308587A1 (en) * 1987-09-21 1989-03-29 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
US4830362A (en) * 1988-04-13 1989-05-16 Bull John W Full body, shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position
US4838543A (en) * 1988-10-28 1989-06-13 Precor Incorporated Low impact exercise equipment
US4838544A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-06-13 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Exercise bicycle
US4844450A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-07-04 Rodgers Jr Robert E Swimming simulator
US4852872A (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-08-01 Lo Peter K Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs
WO1989007470A1 (en) * 1988-02-19 1989-08-24 Marcy Fitness Products Aerobic conditioner
US4871164A (en) * 1989-04-14 1989-10-03 Tseng D H Cycle exerciser
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
US4895362A (en) * 1986-07-31 1990-01-23 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US4902001A (en) * 1987-10-30 1990-02-20 Joseph Balbo Cycle exerciser
US4917376A (en) * 1988-05-10 1990-04-17 Lo Peter K Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs
US5035417A (en) * 1986-07-31 1991-07-30 Ross Sherwood B Exercise bicycle
US5054770A (en) * 1988-04-13 1991-10-08 Bull John W Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position
US5158513A (en) * 1991-09-12 1992-10-27 Reeves Michael P Swimming exercise and training apparatus
US5224909A (en) * 1992-05-04 1993-07-06 Hamilton John R Mid-body exercise device
US5269736A (en) * 1991-07-05 1993-12-14 Roberts Mark J Combination stationary recumbent exercise apparatus and upper body exerciser
US5505679A (en) * 1994-01-04 1996-04-09 Formula Ventures, Inc. Recumbent leg and arm stepping exercising apparatus
US5569126A (en) * 1996-03-08 1996-10-29 Perussi; Roberto A. Energy absorbing exerciser apparatus
US5857943A (en) * 1996-05-29 1999-01-12 Physicians' Preference, Inc. Ergodynamically designed exercise device
US5941800A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-08-24 Total Motion, Inc. Rehabilitation exercise machine
US6142912A (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-11-07 Profaci; John Swim training apparatus
US6409634B1 (en) 2000-07-25 2002-06-25 John Profaci Swim training apparatus
US6533708B2 (en) * 1999-06-08 2003-03-18 Michael Blake Taggett Exercise apparatus
US20040058784A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-03-25 Roberts Robert E. Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion
US20040077463A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2004-04-22 Rodgers Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with pivoting foot platforms
US6764432B2 (en) * 2001-11-10 2004-07-20 Hippensteel Joseph B Antigravity full range of motion four limb dry swim exercise machine
US6790162B1 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-09-14 Northland Industries, Inc. Recumbent stepper with independently movable upper and lower body lever arrangements
US6793610B2 (en) * 2002-01-14 2004-09-21 James A. Deola Collapsible exerciser
ES2215443A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2004-10-01 Jose Martinez Martinez Static device for performing crawling exercise, has support and fastening feet and hand grips that are linked to carriages by arms, where arms are engageable and disengageable to respective carriages to permit coupling at positions
US20040224825A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2004-11-11 Cybex International, Inc. Cross trainer exercise apparatus
US20040248706A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Variable stride exercise apparatus
US20040248711A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length
US20040248710A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system
US20040248705A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Variable path exercise apparatus
US20040248704A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Compact variable path exercise apparatus
US20050049117A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-03 Rodgers Robert E. Striding simulators
US20050107224A1 (en) * 2003-11-17 2005-05-19 Zinnur Akhmetov Cardiovascular spine exerciser
US20050124466A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 Rodgers Robert E.Jr. Pendulum striding exercise apparatus
US20050124467A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 Rodgers Robert E.Jr. Pendulum striding exercise devices
US20050246485A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 Gateway, Inc. Method and apparatus for modifying reserve area of disk drive or memory
US20050245360A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 Saul Robert M Exercise system and method for simulating a swimming motion
US20060040794A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2006-02-23 Raymond Giannelli Exercise device for cross training
US7169089B2 (en) 2003-06-06 2007-01-30 Rodgers Jr Robert E Compact variable path exercise apparatus with a relatively long cam surface
US7172532B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-02-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device tubing
US20080070765A1 (en) * 2005-01-05 2008-03-20 Ab Coaster Holdings, Inc. Abdominal exercise machine
US20080261780A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2008-10-23 Cybex International, Inc. Home arc exercise machine
US20080287265A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2008-11-20 Cybex International, Inc. Vertical arc exercise machine
US20090075786A1 (en) * 2007-09-13 2009-03-19 Merli Christopher R Seated exercise apparatus
US7510512B1 (en) 2003-12-04 2009-03-31 Michael Blake Taggett Exercise machine
US7517303B2 (en) 2003-02-28 2009-04-14 Nautilus, Inc. Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills
US20090105050A1 (en) * 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Mayo Elvin A Exercise Machine for Back Rehabilitation
US7530936B1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2009-05-12 Hall Antony A Exercise machine
US7553260B2 (en) 2003-02-28 2009-06-30 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device with treadles
US7648473B1 (en) 2006-09-18 2010-01-19 Jedheesh Peruvingal Traction extension table
US8562491B2 (en) 2007-09-13 2013-10-22 Flatiron Design, Llc Seated exercise apparatus
US9108078B1 (en) * 2012-10-01 2015-08-18 James N. Young Total body conditioning exercise apparatus
US9352187B2 (en) 2003-02-28 2016-05-31 Nautilus, Inc. Dual deck exercise device
US20160184630A1 (en) * 2014-12-24 2016-06-30 Hoist Fitness Systems, Inc. Leg curl exercise machine including a moving support for performing prone leg curl exercises
US20160213971A1 (en) * 2015-01-26 2016-07-28 Bryan A. Jones Exercise apparatus
US20170138452A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-18 John P. Fitzsimmons Linear Powered Input Device

Cited By (119)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2497391A (en) * 1945-06-28 1950-02-14 Becker Benjamin Mechanical swimming exercising machine
US2419998A (en) * 1946-03-01 1947-05-06 Wallace J S Johnson Exercising machine
US2455548A (en) * 1948-07-22 1948-12-07 Joseph D Bell Exercising machine
US2603486A (en) * 1948-07-23 1952-07-15 Joseph Borroughs Push and pull exerciser
US2969060A (en) * 1959-07-13 1961-01-24 Howard F Swanda Exercising machine
US3039456A (en) * 1959-12-24 1962-06-19 Ronald S Luce Exercise chair
US3363335A (en) * 1964-03-27 1968-01-16 Charles D. Burhns Patterning apparatus
US3759511A (en) * 1971-03-29 1973-09-18 K Gustafson Adjustable friction type exercising device
US3731921A (en) * 1971-03-29 1973-05-08 C Andrews Bench for simulating and developing swimming movements
US4188030A (en) * 1976-10-18 1980-02-12 Repco Limited Cycle exerciser
DE3002265A1 (en) * 1980-01-23 1981-09-03 Festo Maschf Stoll G Trainingsgeraet
US4720093A (en) * 1984-06-18 1988-01-19 Del Mar Avionics Stress test exercise device
US4657244A (en) * 1986-07-31 1987-04-14 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US5035417A (en) * 1986-07-31 1991-07-30 Ross Sherwood B Exercise bicycle
US4895362A (en) * 1986-07-31 1990-01-23 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
EP0270734A1 (en) * 1986-12-05 1988-06-15 Firma A. Bösl Physical exercise apparatus for physically training the legs and/or the feet
US4986261A (en) * 1987-01-30 1991-01-22 Superspine, Inc. Apparatus for performing coordinated walking motions with the spine in an unloaded state
US4712789A (en) * 1987-04-10 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exercisers
US4838544A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-06-13 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Exercise bicycle
WO1989001353A1 (en) * 1987-08-14 1989-02-23 Superspine, Inc. Active and passive coordinated walking device
EP0308587A1 (en) * 1987-09-21 1989-03-29 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
US4902001A (en) * 1987-10-30 1990-02-20 Joseph Balbo Cycle exerciser
US4844450A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-07-04 Rodgers Jr Robert E Swimming simulator
US4940233A (en) * 1988-02-19 1990-07-10 John Bull Aerobic conditioning apparatus
WO1989007470A1 (en) * 1988-02-19 1989-08-24 Marcy Fitness Products Aerobic conditioner
US5054770A (en) * 1988-04-13 1991-10-08 Bull John W Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position
US4830362A (en) * 1988-04-13 1989-05-16 Bull John W Full body, shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position
US4934690A (en) * 1988-04-13 1990-06-19 Bull John W Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position
US4917376A (en) * 1988-05-10 1990-04-17 Lo Peter K Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs
US4852872A (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-08-01 Lo Peter K Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
US4838543A (en) * 1988-10-28 1989-06-13 Precor Incorporated Low impact exercise equipment
US4871164A (en) * 1989-04-14 1989-10-03 Tseng D H Cycle exerciser
US5269736A (en) * 1991-07-05 1993-12-14 Roberts Mark J Combination stationary recumbent exercise apparatus and upper body exerciser
US5158513A (en) * 1991-09-12 1992-10-27 Reeves Michael P Swimming exercise and training apparatus
US5224909A (en) * 1992-05-04 1993-07-06 Hamilton John R Mid-body exercise device
US5505679A (en) * 1994-01-04 1996-04-09 Formula Ventures, Inc. Recumbent leg and arm stepping exercising apparatus
US5569126A (en) * 1996-03-08 1996-10-29 Perussi; Roberto A. Energy absorbing exerciser apparatus
US5941800A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-08-24 Total Motion, Inc. Rehabilitation exercise machine
US5857943A (en) * 1996-05-29 1999-01-12 Physicians' Preference, Inc. Ergodynamically designed exercise device
US6142912A (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-11-07 Profaci; John Swim training apparatus
US6533708B2 (en) * 1999-06-08 2003-03-18 Michael Blake Taggett Exercise apparatus
US6409634B1 (en) 2000-07-25 2002-06-25 John Profaci Swim training apparatus
US7771325B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2010-08-10 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US7364533B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2008-04-29 Nautilus, Inc. Adjustment assembly for exercise device
US7226393B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-06-05 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US7172532B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-02-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device tubing
US20040058784A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-03-25 Roberts Robert E. Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion
US6790162B1 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-09-14 Northland Industries, Inc. Recumbent stepper with independently movable upper and lower body lever arrangements
US20040192522A1 (en) * 2001-11-10 2004-09-30 Hippensteel Joseph B. Antigravity full range of motion four limb dry swim exercise machine
US6764432B2 (en) * 2001-11-10 2004-07-20 Hippensteel Joseph B Antigravity full range of motion four limb dry swim exercise machine
US8062185B2 (en) * 2001-11-13 2011-11-22 Cybex International, Inc. Exercise device for cross training
US8057363B2 (en) 2001-11-13 2011-11-15 Cybex International, Inc. Home ARC exercise machine
US8025609B2 (en) * 2001-11-13 2011-09-27 Cybex International, Inc. Cross trainer exercise apparatus
US20110143885A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2011-06-16 Cybex International, Inc. Exercise device for cross training
US7824313B2 (en) 2001-11-13 2010-11-02 Cybex International, Inc. Exercise device for cross training
US20040224825A1 (en) * 2001-11-13 2004-11-11 Cybex International, Inc. Cross trainer exercise apparatus
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