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US3248018A - Dustproof drum closure and dispenser - Google Patents

Dustproof drum closure and dispenser Download PDF

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Publication number
US3248018A
US3248018A US40517164A US3248018A US 3248018 A US3248018 A US 3248018A US 40517164 A US40517164 A US 40517164A US 3248018 A US3248018 A US 3248018A
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Prior art keywords
drum
flange
drums
invention
band
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Martin M Fleischman
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Martin M Fleischman
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING; SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS; PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/18Preventing escape of dust
    • B65G69/181Preventing escape of dust by means of sealed systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/20Clamps
    • Y10T292/205Ring
    • Y10T292/212With expanding or contracting means
    • Y10T292/216Toggle lever

Description

April 26, 1956 M. M. FLEISCHMAN I DUSTPROOF DRUM CLOSURE AND DISPENSER Filed Oct. 20, 1964 INVENTOR MAR IN M. FLEISCHMAN \jilkvr gmmm.

ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,248,018 DUSTPROOF DRUM CLOSURE AND DISPENSER Martin M. Fleischman, 2218 Mary Lane, Broomall, Pa. Filed Oct. 20, 1964, Ser. No. 495,171 6 Claims. (Cl. 222-196) This invention pertains to a combination dustproof closure and dispenser for drums. More particularly, it relates to apparatus which can be mounted on standard size steel and fibre drums so as to both seal them and convert them into bins which allow for incremental dis-- pensing of their contents.

Steel and fibre drums are widely used in industry. They are of particular importance in the shipment of flowable solid materials. When such materials are shipped in drums of this type, the drums most often used have fully removable heads which attach to strengthening flanges provided around the top of the drums. Once the heads are removed, the contents may be dumped, scooped out, or handled in various other manners all involving relatively large amounts of manual labor. Depending on the nature of the'contents, it is not unusual for such drums to contain between about 100 and 500 pounds of material.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a device which can serve as a closure for an open drum utilizing, as a means for attachment to said drum,

the flanged structure of the drum which cooperated with' the original closure.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device which constitutes a dustproof closure and dispenser for the contents of the drum.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a device which allows fixed increments of material to be dispensed from a drum with a minimum of effort.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a coneshaped discharge device for attachment to a drum which may contain either or both internal and external means for preventing internal bridging of the contents of the device and which also provides for controlled and, if desired, metered discharge of the contents thereof.

An additional object of the invention is to provide a device which enables ordinary shipping drums to be used as dispensing storage bins or hoppers.

Another important object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described which attaches quickly and easily to a drum by means of a quick-acting clamp and which has integral handles to facilitate ease of positioning and placement thereof upon an open drum.

Attendant objects of the invention are to provide a dustproof drum closure and dispenser of the type described which can be easily and economically produced from strong and corrosion-resistant materials, which is strong and sturdy in construction, and which is highly efiicient in operation.

These and other related objects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from a consideration of the description which follows. The various'featnres and details of construction of the invention are more fully set forth herein with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals designate like parts, and wherein further:

FIGURE 1 represents a fragmentary elevation partially cut-away showing one embodiment of the invention being used as a storage bin or hopper in connection with a standard drum.

FIGURE 2 represents an isometric view of an embodiment of a locking band which may be used in connection with the invention.

FIGURE 3 represents a partial fragmentary section through an embodiment of the invention used in connec tion with a steel drum.

FIGURE 4 represents a partial fragmentary section through an embodiment of the invention used in connection with a fibre drum.

As shown in the figures, the invention generally comprises a funnel-shaped, hollow frustum or generally frustoconical portion A which is removably attached, by a locking band'B, to a standard drum C.

Frusto-conical portion A which, as shown, is generally funnel-shaped, includes tapered wall portions 10 which terminate at their base with an integral outwardly extending annular flange 11. A resilient gasket 12 made of rubber, polymers of chloroprene, or other suitable materials may be provided and this annular gasket, which generally complements flange 11 is afiixed to the face of the flange, as shown in FIGURES 3 and 4. The funnel A may be further provided with a discharge section 13 which may be integral with the apex portion 14.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURE 1, a first valve 15 is shown, intermediate discharge section 13 and apex portion 14, and serves to connect the two. A second valve 16 may also be provided, to which may be attached an auxiliary discharge section 17. The valves serve to control the flow of materials out of the hollow frusturn A whereas the discharge sections 13 and 17 serve to direct the material into a receiving container in a d-ustproof and positive manner. Since the volume ofdischarge section 13 may be predetermined, seriatim opening and closing of valves 15 and 16 serves to meter the discharge from the cone.

The cone may be further provided with a vibrator 18 (of any conventional type) and a plurality of handles 19 for ease of placement and manipulation.

The cone and discharge sections 13 and 17 may be made of any suitable material. It is preferred to use strong ferrous or nonferrous metals which are selected for their corrosion resistance vis-a-vis the products being handled. Coated metals may also be used. Vibrator 18 prevents granular material from bridging over the outlet within the interior of the cone and is especially useful for hygroscopic materials. Valves 15 and 16 may be of any conventional slide or variable orifice type and may be either manually operated or operated automatically as part of a programmed system.

As best shown in FIGURE 2, the removable locking band B may take the form of a split ring, hinged at an intermediate portion thereof as with hinge 20. The band further includes longitudinally extending side walls 21 which are provided with longitudinally spaced internal peripheral detents. As shown in FIGURE 2, these detents may comprise a first toroidal head 22 and a second toroidal bead 23 longitudinally spaced apart from the first bead. Both of these beads, which may conveniently be fabricated from steel rod stock, are fixedly attached to side walls 21, as by welding. The dimensions of bead'or detent 22 are such as to enable it to simultaneously contact flange 11 and tapered wall portion 10.

Locking band B also includes a quick acting clamp such as toggle clamp, generally 24. The clamp 24 includes a hasp 25 and a latch 26, mounted on threaded shaft 27 which terminates in a handle 28. Shaft 27 is threadedly and pivotally mounted in a yoke 29 which, in turn, is pivotally affixed to side Wall 21. Shaft 27 may be retained against the exterior of the band, when the toggle is in closed position, by a pivoted retaining lug 30. Band B is closed by abutting the two open ends of side wall 21 and placing latch 26 within the hook of hasp 25. Thereafter operating handle 28 is moved over the pivot center of yoke 29 to place the band in com pression. Adjustments in compressive force may be made by rotating handle 28 and thus positioning shaft 27 prior to engagement of the clamp.

templated that the cone A be dimensioned for the partic ular drums C which will be utilized. In FIGURE 3 a steel drum is shown. Such drums include side walls 31 which terminate in an integral curl or strengthening flange 32. These steel drums are made in accordance with specifications of the American Standards Association. The specification for steel drums of the 30-gallon size is MH 2.12-1960 and the specification for 55-gallon steel drums is MH 2.2-1959. Thirty-gallon drums customarily have 18% internal diameters and SS-gallon drums have 22%" internal diameters.

A fibre drum is shown in FIGURE 4. These drums terminate in a metallic strengthening flange 33 having the configuration shown and the flange includes an external shouldered portion 34. by industry-wide standards and come in internal diameters of from 11" to 23".

The operation of the device is generally as follows. A drum is set on the floor in the usual manner and its cover removed. In the case of a steel drum, curl 32 is thus exposed and in the case of a fibre drum, flange 33 is thus exposed. Using handles 19, cone A is fitted onto the open drum in a position inverted from that shown in FIGURE 1. Appropriate preliminary axial alignment is made again using handles 19. Locking band B is then placed upon and closed around the joint to achieve the inverse of the configurations shown in FIGURES 3 and 4 (for steel and fibre drums respectively). It-will be noted that detent or bead 22 engages the flange 11 of cone A whereas detent or bead 23 engages the remote side of the drums strengthening flange. Further, side wall 21 is of a length suflicient to span the joint. When the band is fully tightened, as with toggle clamp 24, side wall 21 (the internal diameter of which is exactly sized for the drum being used) forces drum C and cone A into axial alignment. Furthermore, the distance between detents 22 and 23 is slightly less than the total thickness of flange 11, gasket 12 and flange 32 or 33 (depending on whether a steel or fibre drum is involved). Consequently, tightening of the toggle clamp 24 produces a simultaneous compression due to the vector of downward force applied to the tapered wall section as the clamp is tightened. This rolling compression or wedging produces strong vectors of axial compression which enable the cone A to support the contents of drum C. In applications where the drum flanges are resilient and partially deformable, gasket 12 may be eliminated and the spacing between detents 22 and 23 decreased to compensate for its absence.

After cone A has been secured to the drum C as described, a conventional materials handling device is used.

to lift and invert the assembly to the position shown in FIGURE 1 where it may be retained by a rack or other suitable devices until the drum has been emptied. The contents of the drum rest within cone A and are prevented from bridging, as they are dispensed, by action of the vibrator 18, which may be of any conventional electrical, pneumatic or mechanical type. Flow out of the drum is controlled by valve and, if this is the only valve present, the material flows directly through adapter piece 13 into the receptacle. However, if a second valve 16 is included then discharge section 13, which has a known volume, can be used for metered incremental discharge. In this application, valve 16 is closed and valve 15 is opened so that section 13 fills. Thereupon valve 15 is closed and, when 16 is opened thereafter, a premeasured volume passes through auxiliary discharge section 17 into the receptacle. The entire operation is dustproof and at the same time provides a closure for drum C.

Apex portion 14 is provided with an internal antibridging device in the form of a cone 35 attached to wall portions 10 as with a plurality of cross bars 36. The cone is oriented with its apex pointing toward locking These drums are also governed band B and thus serves to limit rate of discharge from cone A as well as to prevent bridging. The diameter of V the. base of cone 35 is less than the internal diameter of apex portion 14 so as to define an annular flow area.

Although the invention has been described in considerable detail, such description is intended to be illustrative. rather than limiting since the invention may be variously embodied and, therefore, the scope of the invention is to be determined only by the appended claims. Having described my invention, I claim: 1. A dustproof drum closure and dispenser for a of the type having a totally removable head and a resilient peripheral strengthening flange which cooperates .with said head, comprising a frusto-conical spout having I a flat flange radially extending outward from the base thereof which is generally complementary in diameter'to said drum strengthening flange; and a locking band having I a pair of toroidal shaped detents which are longitudinally spaced apart from each other at their adjacent convex sides by a distance slightly less than the combined thickness of the drum strengthening flange and the flange on said spout; whereby the arcuate convex walls of the which is in contact with said spout flange is of a diameter: large enough to simultaneously contact the face'of said flange and the wall of said spout so as to cause automatic. axial alignment of the drum and said spout when said locking band is tightened.

3. The closure and dispenser of claim 1 which further:

includes anti-bridging means.

4. A dustproof drum closure and dispenser for a drum of the type having a totally removable head and a peripheral strengthening flange which cooperates with said head,

comprising a frustorconical spout having a flat flange.

radially extending outward from the base thereof which is generally complementary in diameter to said drum strengthening flange; a resilient compressible gasket interposed intermediatethe flange of said spout and the strengthening flange; and a locking band having a pair of toroidal shaped detents which are longitudinally spaced apart from each other at their adjacent convex sides by a distance slightly less than the combined thicknesses of the drum strengthening flange, the flange on said spout, and said gasket; whereby the arcuate convex walls of the toroidal detents act as a wedge, when the locking band is tightened, to force the drum flange, the flange on said spout and said gasket into compressive dustproof juxtaposition With a force suflicient to enable the drum to be inverted and the material therein to be supported solely by said spout pending discharge therethrough.

5. The closure of claim 4 wherein the toroidal detent which is in contact with said spout flange is of a diameter large enough to simultaneously contact the face of said flange and the wall of said spout so as to cause automatic axial alignment of the drum and said spout when said locking band is tightened.

6. The closure and dispenser of claim 4 which further includes anti-bridging means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,746,375 5/1956 Abbott et al 222196 X 2,862,645 12/1958 Page et al 222-567 X RAPHAEL M. LUPO, Primary Examiner.

STANLEY H. TOLLBERG, Examiner.

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3472431A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-10-14 Bodine Albert G Sonic method and apparatus for facilitating gravity flow of granular material
US5405049A (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-04-11 Acrison, Inc. Isolation pad for a feeding system and a method for feeding material from the system
US20050150103A1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2005-07-14 Philippe Carasso Device for the assembly of standard elements intended for the creation of precision mechanical structures
EP1836112A2 (en) * 2005-01-10 2007-09-26 Benetech, Inc. Bulk material precision transfer chute apparatus
US20110287847A1 (en) * 2010-05-18 2011-11-24 Allan Bare Safety Guard for Wide Angle PTO Joint
US20130324029A1 (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-05 Langdon Incorporated Damper access assembly, clamp assembly, and clamp member
US8763553B1 (en) * 2010-02-22 2014-07-01 Leslie B. Shannehan Medicine tracker and dose indicator
US20170137154A1 (en) * 2015-11-15 2017-05-18 Xerox Corporation Single dose screening for particulate materials

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2746375A (en) * 1952-10-09 1956-05-22 Gen Mills Inc Flour bleaching apparatus
US2862645A (en) * 1955-09-14 1958-12-02 Delta Tank Mfg Company Inc Container

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2746375A (en) * 1952-10-09 1956-05-22 Gen Mills Inc Flour bleaching apparatus
US2862645A (en) * 1955-09-14 1958-12-02 Delta Tank Mfg Company Inc Container

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3472431A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-10-14 Bodine Albert G Sonic method and apparatus for facilitating gravity flow of granular material
US5405049A (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-04-11 Acrison, Inc. Isolation pad for a feeding system and a method for feeding material from the system
US20050150103A1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2005-07-14 Philippe Carasso Device for the assembly of standard elements intended for the creation of precision mechanical structures
US7331104B2 (en) * 2004-01-09 2008-02-19 Philippe Carasso Device for the assembly of standard elements intended for the creation of precision mechanical structures
EP1836112A2 (en) * 2005-01-10 2007-09-26 Benetech, Inc. Bulk material precision transfer chute apparatus
EP1836112A4 (en) * 2005-01-10 2011-04-20 Benetech Inc Bulk material precision transfer chute apparatus
US8763553B1 (en) * 2010-02-22 2014-07-01 Leslie B. Shannehan Medicine tracker and dose indicator
US20110287847A1 (en) * 2010-05-18 2011-11-24 Allan Bare Safety Guard for Wide Angle PTO Joint
US8449400B2 (en) * 2010-05-18 2013-05-28 Allan Bare Safety guard for wide angle PTO joint
US20130324029A1 (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-05 Langdon Incorporated Damper access assembly, clamp assembly, and clamp member
US9551505B2 (en) * 2012-06-05 2017-01-24 Langdon Incorporated Damper access assembly, clamp assembly, and clamp member
US20170137154A1 (en) * 2015-11-15 2017-05-18 Xerox Corporation Single dose screening for particulate materials

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