US3245744A - Latch mechanism - Google Patents

Latch mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US3245744A
US3245744A US345641A US34564164A US3245744A US 3245744 A US3245744 A US 3245744A US 345641 A US345641 A US 345641A US 34564164 A US34564164 A US 34564164A US 3245744 A US3245744 A US 3245744A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bars
drawer
catches
front wall
latches
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Expired - Lifetime
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US345641A
Inventor
Olson Carl Edward
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WATSON Mfg CO Inc
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WATSON Mfg CO Inc
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Priority to US345641A priority Critical patent/US3245744A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/46Locks or fastenings for special use for drawers

Description

April 12, 1966 c. E. OLSON LATCH MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 18. 1964 INVENTOR. 4;} C'ar/ l waro olfm April 12, 1966 c. E. OLSON LATCH MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 2' Filed Feb. 18, 1964 mil WM!! Mill KT L n 0 0/ m0 w m m M 0 w I United States Patent poration of New York Filed Feb. 18, 1964. Ser. No. 345,641 Claims. (Cl. 312333) This invention relates to latch mechanism and is directed particularly to latch mechanisms having two catches on opposite sides of a drawer and an intermediately positioned unlocking means.

- An object of the invention is to provide a latch mecha nism that actuates oppositely positioned latches from an intermediate position at the same time that the locked means is opened. I Another object of the invention is to provide a latch mechanism for a file drawer with latches on opposite sides of the drawer and the actuating means intermedi-ately positioned andoperated at the same time that the drawer is opened. I

Other and further objects will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the drawings iniwhich FIG. 1 is a front view of the latch mechanism in lockin-g relation with the fname; ...FIG.'2 is a fragmentary rear view of the latch mechanism with the back panel removed; I 5 FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the drawer taken along lines -3-.-'-3 of FIG. 1; FIG. 4 is a. sectional view taken along lines 4--4 of FIG; 1 also illustrating one latch; FIG. 5 is .a side view of the drawer illustrating the other latch; and

FIG; '6 isfla front view of the latch mechanism in an unlocked relation with the frame. 1 The invention is illustrated in connection with the drawer ofa filing cabinet. The side walls 11, 12 of the frame. are formed ofpressed steel sheets assembled in a tubular arrangement. The drawer is supported on these-side 'walls '11 and 12 in any suitable manner for movementiof the drawer in and out of the cabinet. As bestdllust'rated in FIG. 3, the drawer 10 comprises a bottom 13and side walls 14 and 15. A double front wall l6uextendsczbetween thev side walls and has a front panel 17 and a back panel 18. The front panel 17 extends beyond the sidewalls -14 and to close the spaces 19 and 20 formed between the side walls 11 and 14, and 12 and 15. -Tlie spaces19 and 20 coht ain the supporting mechaiiis'm for the drawer.10. .The spaces 19 and 20 also conta'inthe projections or catebes'zl and 22 mounted on the 'side Wall's'lland 12, respectively, for engagement by the latches 23. and 24.. The'frontpanel. 17. has a rectangular opening 37' centered between the sides of the panel (FIGS. 1 and 4). An exterior frame 38 is mounted on the outside of the panel 17 extending around the opening 37. On the other side of the panel 17 is a U-shaped member 41 having a back plate 42 and horizontal flanges 43, 44 at right angles to the back plate 42: spacing the back plate, 42 from the front panel 17. The frame 38 and the U-shaped piece 41 are fastened together by four bolts 80 threaded into cylindrical lugs 81 fastened to the frame 38 and extending through the panel 17. The bolts and lugs press the frame 38 against the front surface of the panel 17 and the edges of the flanges 43 and 44 against the rear surface of the panel 17. This forms a recess 82 closed on the top and bottom by the flanges 43 and 44 and in the rear by the back plate 42. The sides of the recess are closed by vertical flanges 39 and 40 extending inwardly from the sides of the frame 38.

ice

An L-shaped guide member 45 having a vertical portion 47 and a horizontal portion 46 is secured to the back plate 42 by means of the-upper bolts 80. The horizontal portion 46 is spaced from the upper flange 43 to form a space for housing the members 62 and 63 actuating the latches 23 and 24.

The latches 23 land 24 extend through slots '25 and 26 (FIGS. 3 and 5) in the side walls 14 and 15 of the drawer. The latches 23 and 24 are attached to the levers 60 and 61 (FIGS. 1, 3 and 6) by portions 35 and '36 extending parallel to the front panel 17. These portions are guided in their movements by the panel. The levers 60 and 61 are connected to bans 62 and 63 by the pivotal means 64 and 65. The latches 23 and 24 have sloped ramps 27 and 28 which engage the projections 21 and 22 on the closing of the drawer to lift the catches by pivoting with the levers 60 and 61 about the connecting means 64 and 65. On the closing of the drawer the notches 29 and 30 on the latches 23 and 24 drop onto the projections or catches '21 and 22 to lock the drawer in a closed position.

The connecting bars '62 and 63 move horizontally and are guided in the horizontal movement by the front panel 1'7, the vertical portion 47 land by the horizontal piece 46 and the flange 43 defining the space 83. The connecting bar 62 has a U-shaped portion 66 which extends from the front panel 17 to the vertical piece 47, thus holding the actuating member horizontally. The connecting bar 63 has an L-shaped portion 67 extending [along the vertical piece 47 to guide the connecting bar 63 horizontally; The connecting bars 62 and 63 overlap and have cylindri cal pins-or nylon bushings 68 and 69 fixedly mounted on the overlapping portion of the connecting bars 62 and 63 by studs 68a, 69a. The bushing 68 is on the opposite side of the bushing 69 from the latch 24 to which the bushing 68 is connected by the bar '63 :and lever 61. The bushing 69 is on the opposite side of the bushing 68 from the latch 23 to which it is connected by the bar 62 and the lever 60. Thus a separating movement of the pins or bushings 68 and 69 will draw the latches 23 and 24 toward one another so as to disengage from the projections 21 and 2-2 respectively, thereby unlocking the drawer 10 from the cabinet. This opposite movement of the pins 68 and 69 is produced by the actuating member 50.

The actuating member 50 has a-bottom strip 51 and aside 52 at'right angles thereto. The side 52' extends through a slot 53 (FIG. 3) extending longitudinally and parallel to the panel 17 and intermediately positioned between the frame 38 and the back plate 42 so that the side 52 is approximately midway between the connecting bars 62 and 63. The side 52 has cam surfaces 55 and 56 sloped at opposite angles and fitting between the bushings 68 and 69 so that on upward movement of the cam surfaces the pins or bushings 68 and 69 will be forced in opposite directions (FIG. 6). The pins or bushings form a low frictional surface to the cam surfaces. The bottom strip 51 has an angular portion fitting through a slot 76 at right angles to the slot '53 to form a hinge about which the member 50 ventically swings. A cotter pin 77 extends through the side 52 above the flange 43 so as to prevent the side 52 from dropping out of slot 53. The member 50 extendsacross the top of the recess 82. The frame 38 overlaps the opening 37 and the recess 82 to provide means for gripping the frame to pull the drawer out of the cabinet. The actuating member 50 is positioned back of the upper portion of the frame 38 so that as the fingers are inserted in the recess 82 to engage the back of the frame 38, the member 50 may be simultaneously moved upwardly to actuate the bushings 68 and 69 in opposite directions and thereby disengage the latches 23 and 24 so the drawer may be pulled out.

The back panel 18 covers the latch mechanism so 3 as to isolate it from the files and has a ledge 86 fitting in the L-shaped portion 87 and is pivotally swung so that the edge portion 88 bears against the bottom 13 to hold the panel 18 in place under a forced fit.

The latch mechanism may be easily assembled by mounting the actuating member 50 in the flange 43 and inserting the cotter pin 77. The connecting bars 62 and 63 may be set on top of the'fla'nge 43 and the L-shaped piece 45 positioned thereon. This assembly may be then secured to the front panel 17 by the bolts 80 threading into the lugs 81 on the frame 38. The levers 60 and 61 with the latches 23 and 24 Welded thereto may then be attached to the connecting bars 62 and 63 by fitting the latches 23 and 24 through the openings 25 and 26 and fittingthe levers 60 and 61 on the pins 90 and 91 formed as part of the connecting bars 62 and 63, and the cotter pins 92 and 93 inserted through openings therein. Nylon washers 94 and 95 may be provided between the levers 60 and 61 and the respective connecting bars 62 and 63.

It is thus seen from the foregoing description that a relatively simple latch-mechanism converts the vertical movement of the actuating member 50 to a horizontal catch disengaging action on the gripping of the drawer. The action between the cam surfaces 55 and 56 and the nylon bushings 68 and 69 is substantially frictionless and the movement of the connecting bars 62 and 63 and levers 60 and 61'is horizontal so that the separating force is 4 directly applied to shifting the latches 23* and 24 from disengagement from the catches 21 and 22.

I claim:

1. A latch mechanism for locking a file drawer having a front wall and slidably mounted in a filing cabinet having side walls with catches thereon comprising two horizontal bars having overlapping portions at the cen tral portion of said front wall and having latches pivotally mounted on the opposite-ends of said bars from the overlapping portions with notches for interlocking extending towards the other bar and spaced in the line ofmovement of said bars, an actuating member movably supported in a generally horizontal position by said supporting means and pivotally mounted to move vertically and having two oppositely sloped surfaces engaging said pins to actuate said bars in opposite directions on movement of said actuating member.

2. A latch mechanism as set forth in claim l wherein said front wall has an opening and said supporting means comprises a U-shaped piece extending horizontally with a portion above said opening and an L-shaped member attached to said'wall and U-shaped member above said opening to form a channel reciprocally guiding said bars.

3. A latch mechanism as set forth in claim 2 wherein said U-shaped member has a slot and said actuating member has an angular portion fitting through the slot to pivotally support the actuating member and has a second slot longitudinal to the direction of movement of the bars, a portion of said actuating member extending through said slot and having said sloped surfaces engaging said pins.

4. A latch mechanism for locking a file drawer having a front wall and slideably mounted in a filing cabinet having side walls with catches thereon comprising two at. bars having overlapping portions at the central portion of said front wall and having latches pivotally mounted on the opposite ends of sad bars from the overlapping portions with notches for interlocking with said catches and pivoting to raise said latches on engagement with said catches on closing of the drawer, means on said front wall. for slideably supporting said bars, pins on said overlapping portions extending towards theother bar and spaced in the line of movement of said bars, an actuating member mov-ably supported in a generally parallel relation to the movement of said bars by said supporting means and pivotally mounted to move generally transversely to the movement of said bars and having two oppositely sloped surfaces engaging said pins to actuate said bars in opposite directions on movement of said actuating member. I

5. A file drawer slideab ly fitting in a filing cabinet with side walls having catches and comprising a front wall having a rectangular opening centrally positioned, a

-U-shaped plate attached to said front wall with upper and lower sides normal to and attached to "the Wall and above and below the opening to'form a recess in back of the front wall, an L-shaped plate attached tosaid front'wall and U-"shaped plate and having a side spaced above said upper side of the U shapedp late to form a channel, two horizontal bars reciprocally supported by said'plates in said channels and having overlapping portion-s in said channel with pins on a" respective bar spaced in the line of movement thereof, said bars having latches pivotally mounted on the opposite ends of said bars from the overlapping portions for interlocking with said catches and pivoting to raise-said latchesonengagement with said catches on closing of the .drawer, an L-shaped actuating member having one side horizontal and the other side vertical, said upper side of saidU- shaped plate having an L-shaped slot with one leg extending in the direction of movement of the bars and the shorter leg extending normal to the front wall, said actuating member having a portion fitting insaid transverse leg to pivotally support the actuatingmember and the vertical portion ofsaidactuating member slideab ly fitting in said longitudinal slot to guide saidactuating member, said actuating member. having two oppositely sloped surfaces fititng between and engaging said pins to actuate said bars in opposite directions, said horizontal portion of said actuating member being positioned in the upper portion of the recess for engagement and actuation by a hand therein for removal of the file so as to unlock the latching mechanism on withdrawalv of the: drawer.

References Cited by the Examiner 5 UNITED STATlE PATENTS 405,784 6/1889 Livingstone 292-37 1,756,880 4/1930 Rand 312333 X 1,865,205 6/1932 Palmquist 292-37 2,343,977 3/1944 Jones et-al 2921 10 X 2,904,493 9/1959 Tocchetto 292'.3,7 3,002,785 10/1961 Larche 292-37 X FOREIGN PATENTS 136,044 12/1919 Great Britain.

CLAUDE A. LE ROY, Primary Examiner.

CHANCELLOR E. HARRIS, Examiner,

Claims (1)

1. A LATCH MECHANISM FOR LOCKING A FILE DRAWER HAVING A FRONT WALL AND SLIDABLY MOUNTED IN A FILING CABINET HAVING SIDE WALLS WITH CATCHES THEREON COMPRISING TWO HORIZONTAL BARS HAVING OVERLAPPING PORTIONS AT THE CENTRAL PORTION OF SAID FRONT WALL AND HAVING LATCHED PIVOTALLY MOUNTED ON THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF SAID BARS FROM THE OVERLAPPING PORTIONS WITH NOTCHES FOR INTERLOCKING WITH SAID CATCHES AND PIVOTING TO RAISE SAID LATCHES ON ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID CATCHES ON CLOSING OF THE DRAWER, MEANS ON SAID FRONT WALL SLIDEABLY SUPPORTING SAID BARS TO MOVE HORIZONTALLY, PINS ON SAID OVERLAPPING PORTIONS EXTENDING TOWARDS THE OTHER BAR AND SPACED IN THE LINE OF MOVEMENT OF SAID BARS, AN ACTUATING MEMBER MOVABLY SUPPORTED IN A GENERALLY HORIZONTAL POSITION BY SAID SUP-
US345641A 1964-02-18 1964-02-18 Latch mechanism Expired - Lifetime US3245744A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3441330A (en) * 1967-09-27 1969-04-29 Theodore Wildi Console-mounted modular unit
US3923347A (en) * 1972-10-12 1975-12-02 Wright Barry Corp Suspension latch
DE3615720A1 (en) * 1985-05-23 1986-11-27 Schaefer Gmbh Fritz Snap lock for extendable drawers
US5292191A (en) * 1991-11-25 1994-03-08 Snap-On Tools Corporation Latch mechanism for a cabinet drawer
US5388902A (en) * 1993-02-01 1995-02-14 Snap-On Incorporated Sliding latch mechanism for a cabinet drawer
US5730511A (en) * 1995-08-18 1998-03-24 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. One-piece drawer front
US20030117048A1 (en) * 2001-11-27 2003-06-26 Wolfgang Mueller Device for opening and closing a movable part of a piece of furniture
US20060261716A1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-23 Kung-Cheng Chen Automatic locking device for a drawer
US20080276667A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-11-13 Snap-On Incorporated Full width overlay drawer latch
US20100314981A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2010-12-16 Bernd Koenig Immobilization device for locking a furniture part movably supported in or on a furniture part
US20100320888A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2010-12-23 Bernd Koenig Lockable ejector device for a furniture part movably supported in piece of furniture

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US405784A (en) * 1889-06-25 Sash-fastener
GB136044A (en) * 1919-03-03 1919-12-11 James Shepherd Improvements in Slidable Windows of Vehicles.
US1756880A (en) * 1924-06-14 1930-04-29 Remington Rand Inc Index device
US1865205A (en) * 1929-10-22 1932-06-28 Mutual Engineering Corp Fastener for automobile truck doors
US2343977A (en) * 1941-03-17 1944-03-14 Art Metal Construction Co Latching mechanism for drawers and the like
US2904493A (en) * 1957-07-31 1959-09-15 Exxon Research Engineering Co Motor fuel composition containing silica gel-extracted bright stock
US3002785A (en) * 1957-11-13 1961-10-03 Wilbelm Baier K G Fa Device for holding a cover of a vehicle opening in a desired position

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US405784A (en) * 1889-06-25 Sash-fastener
GB136044A (en) * 1919-03-03 1919-12-11 James Shepherd Improvements in Slidable Windows of Vehicles.
US1756880A (en) * 1924-06-14 1930-04-29 Remington Rand Inc Index device
US1865205A (en) * 1929-10-22 1932-06-28 Mutual Engineering Corp Fastener for automobile truck doors
US2343977A (en) * 1941-03-17 1944-03-14 Art Metal Construction Co Latching mechanism for drawers and the like
US2904493A (en) * 1957-07-31 1959-09-15 Exxon Research Engineering Co Motor fuel composition containing silica gel-extracted bright stock
US3002785A (en) * 1957-11-13 1961-10-03 Wilbelm Baier K G Fa Device for holding a cover of a vehicle opening in a desired position

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3441330A (en) * 1967-09-27 1969-04-29 Theodore Wildi Console-mounted modular unit
US3923347A (en) * 1972-10-12 1975-12-02 Wright Barry Corp Suspension latch
DE3615720A1 (en) * 1985-05-23 1986-11-27 Schaefer Gmbh Fritz Snap lock for extendable drawers
US5292191A (en) * 1991-11-25 1994-03-08 Snap-On Tools Corporation Latch mechanism for a cabinet drawer
US5388902A (en) * 1993-02-01 1995-02-14 Snap-On Incorporated Sliding latch mechanism for a cabinet drawer
US5403139A (en) * 1993-02-01 1995-04-04 Snap-On Incorporated Sliding latch mechanism for a cabinet drawer
US5730511A (en) * 1995-08-18 1998-03-24 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. One-piece drawer front
US20030117048A1 (en) * 2001-11-27 2003-06-26 Wolfgang Mueller Device for opening and closing a movable part of a piece of furniture
US6910749B2 (en) * 2001-11-27 2005-06-28 Grass Gmbh Device for opening and closing a movable part of a piece of furniture
US20060261716A1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-23 Kung-Cheng Chen Automatic locking device for a drawer
US20080276667A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-11-13 Snap-On Incorporated Full width overlay drawer latch
US7552950B2 (en) 2007-05-08 2009-06-30 Snap-On Incorporated Full width overlay drawer latch
US20100314981A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2010-12-16 Bernd Koenig Immobilization device for locking a furniture part movably supported in or on a furniture part
US20100320888A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2010-12-23 Bernd Koenig Lockable ejector device for a furniture part movably supported in piece of furniture
US8356864B2 (en) * 2008-03-19 2013-01-22 Julius Blum Gmbh Immobilization device for locking a furniture part movably supported in or on a furniture part
US8474925B2 (en) * 2008-03-19 2013-07-02 Julius Blum Gmbh Lockable ejector device for a furniture part movably supported in piece of furniture

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