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US3245087A - Safety helmet cover in combination with a helmet - Google Patents

Safety helmet cover in combination with a helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
US3245087A
US3245087A US35983364A US3245087A US 3245087 A US3245087 A US 3245087A US 35983364 A US35983364 A US 35983364A US 3245087 A US3245087 A US 3245087A
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Prior art keywords
cover
helmet
shell
fig
safety
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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John L Marchello
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JOSEPH BUEGELEISEN CO
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JOSEPH BUEGELEISEN CO
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/003Helmet covers

Description

April 12, 1966 J. MARCHELLO 3,245,087

SAFETY HELMET COVER IN COMBINATION WITH A HELMET Filed April 15, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1- INVENTOR.

JOHN L. MARCHELLO ATTORNEYS April 12, 1966 J. MARCHELLO 3,245,037

SAFETY HELMET COVER IN COMBINATION WITH A HELMET Filed April 15, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet z INVENTOR.

JOHN L. MARCHELLO m aw a 6mm ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,245,087 SAFETY HELMET COVER IN COMBINATION WITH A HELMET John L. Marchello, Ann Arbor, Mich, assignor to Joseph Buegeleisen Co., Southfield, Mich. Filed Apr. 15, 1964, Ser- No. 359,833 1 Claim. (Cl. 23)

This invention relates to a safety helmet cover and more particularly to a cover adapted to be temporarily applied to 'a safety helmet for the purpose of applying a marking or color to the helmet.

Safety helmets, such as of the types illustrated in Z-bikowski Patent No. 3,116,490 of January 7, 1964, and Zbikowski Patent No. 3,116,488 of January 7, 1964, are commonly used by police oflicers, motorcyclists, paraohutists, racing car drivers, etc. Such helmets are usually painted either a solid color, such as white, or predetermined color patterns, such as are used by various police departments. However, at times, it is desirable to either temporarily apply numbers or other indicia to the helmet, as for racing purposes, or to apply a bright color,

such as a phosphorescent color, of the type which is clearly visible at night, for identifying police oflicers.

Since safety helmet outer surfaces are rounded, it is extremely difficult to apply a temporary coating or covering to the exterior surfaces for the above purposes. Hence, it is an object of this invention to provide a temporary, removable cover adapted to be fitted over the exterior shell of a safety helmet, which cover may be suitably marked or colored as required, and which is so formed that it will be tightly joined to the helmet primarily by means of atmospheric pressure.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent upon reading the following description, of which the attached drawings form a part.

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a safety helmet with the cover mounted thereon.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken in the direction of arrows 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a front elevational view.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged, cross-sectional, fragmentary view taken in the direction of arrows 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the cover being pried loose for removal from the helmet.

FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of a modification.

FIG. 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken in the direction of arrows 77 of FIG. 6.

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of the modification of FIG. 1.

The safety helmet 10, is formed of an outer, inverted bowl-shaped shell 11, made of a hard, rigid, plastic material, provided with a padded inner liner 12 similar to that illustrated in the above mentioned Patent No. 3,116,- 490, and a rubber or rubber-like edge bead 13, adhesively secured to the lower edge thereof. A suitable head support cradle (not illustrated) may be mounted within the helmet, as for example, the head support illustrated in the application of Zbikowski, Serial No. 229,573, filed October 10, 1962, now Patent No. 3,137,859.

Secured to the outer shell 11 are three conventional male snap fastener halves 14 having outwardly projecting stud parts for connection to corresponding female snap fastener halves secured to a visor or a transparent face shield or the like for mounting same upon the helmet.

The invention herein relates to the bowl-shaped cover 20 which corresponds in shape to the exterior surface of the helmet outer shell 11. The cover is preferably formed of a thin plastic material characterized by being relatively stiif, but semi-flexible, and which will bend or flex only under considerable pressure. For example, a suitable ma- 3,245,087 Patented Apr. 12, 1966 terial is that identified as Royalite 20, manufactured by United States Rubber Company, and molded into the shape illustrated with a wall thickness of .030 inch. Such material will flex or bend under a pressure of about l020 pounds applied by a human thumb pressed against its surface. The outer surface of the cove-r may be brightly colored with a phosphorescent paint or may have identifying numbers or the like indicia painted thereon.

The cover has an approximately horizontally arranged lower edge to which is adhesively fastened a resilient edge bead 21.

Three openings 22 are formed in the front of the cover to overlie and receive each of the snap fastener halves 14. Each opening is slightly larger than the diameter of its respective snap fastener stud so that the studs are accessible.

The cover is mounted upon the helmet shell by tipping it forwardly and pressing it downwardly until the openings receive the snap fastener studs and then pressing the rear portion of the cover downwardly until it is in close contact with the shell. Because the cover closely fits the shell and because of its flexiblity, air is expelled from between the cover and the shell resulting in the cover being in face to face contact with and firmly held upon the shell by atmospheric pressure, the force of which is sufiicient to hold the cover in place despite impacts, movements of the wearer, wind forces, etc.

To remove the cover from the shell, it is merely necessary to permit air to enter between the two and then lift the cover upwards. This can be accomplished by prying up the cover lower beaded edge at one of the snap fasteners using a screwdriver or a nail file or the like (see FIG. 4) to bend such cover portion out slightly and permit air to enter therebetween and to clear the cover over that fastener while forcing the cove-r upwards. The cover is thus popped or pried off the shell.

FIGS. 68 illustrate a modification, wherein the front lower edge of cover 30 is cut-away at 31 to clear the snap fastener studs 14 which are thus accessible to snap connect to female fastener halves 32 secured to a conventional visor 33.

While atmospheric pressure is primarily relied upon to hold the cover in place, a separate positive fastening means is also provided. This is in the form of a number of downwardly and outwardly tapering embossments 35 formed at the lower edge of the cover, each receiving a loop forming elastic band 36 secured by a grommet 36a to its embossrnent and looped through a slot 37 in a flat metal hook 38 which engages the helmet edge bear 13. The cover is otherwise identical to that disclosed in connection with FIGS. 1-5.

Having described an operative embodiment of my invention, I now claim:

A safety helmet with removable cover, comprising an inverted, bowl shaped, rigid, helmet shell; the helmet shell being smooth surfaced and outwardly curved in exterior contour from its top to its bottom edge; said helmet being of a form wherein each horizontal plane is larger in diameter than the horizontal plane next above; a removable cover comprising a thin walled, bowl-shaped unitary cover shell shaped to closely conform to and snugly fit over and cover substantially the entire exterior surface of said helmet shell; the cover shell being of a relatively stiff, but semi-flexible material for retaining its shape, but for flexing slightly to closely conform to the surface of said helmet shell; the cover material being non-porous to prevent air leakage through it; and, though flexible, being neither stretchable nor shrinkable; said cover shell being fitted upon said helmet shell in tight surface to surface contact therewith, to exclude air from between the two shells and being held upon the helmet shell by atmospheric pressure,

3 4 and being removable therefrom by flexing a lower edge 2,296,335 9/ 1942 Brady 23 portion of the cover shell away from the helmet shell for 2,381,524 8/ 1945 Taylor 23 X permitting air to enter t-herebetween to thereby release the 2,734,197 2/ 1956 Kreinik 2187 cover shell from the helmet shell. 3,155,981 11/1964 M'cKissick et a1 23 5 References Cited by the Examiner FOREIGN PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENTS 879,863 12/1942 France.

881,132 3/ 1908 Kiner 2-187 X JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examiner. 929,240 7/ 1909 Novoson. 1,859,313 5/1932 Pereles 23

US3245087A 1964-04-15 1964-04-15 Safety helmet cover in combination with a helmet Expired - Lifetime US3245087A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3435460A (en) * 1966-01-20 1969-04-01 Ohio Athletic Specialty Co The Sponge rubber scrimmage caps
US3763494A (en) * 1972-01-24 1973-10-09 R Nordskog Power boat racing helmet
US3885246A (en) * 1973-11-05 1975-05-27 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Retroreflective protective helmet
US3946441A (en) * 1973-03-19 1976-03-30 Johnson John R Safety helmet
US4006496A (en) * 1975-08-13 1977-02-08 Land Tool Company Safety helmet
US4101983A (en) * 1976-06-04 1978-07-25 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Enveloping helmet of composite structure
US4538303A (en) * 1982-09-16 1985-09-03 Romer Gmbh Protective helmet
US4599752A (en) * 1984-06-21 1986-07-15 Mitchell Steven C Combination interlocking cap for sports' helmet
US4615438A (en) * 1985-08-20 1986-10-07 Figgie International Inc. Helmet shell assembly and method and apparatus for making
US4903346A (en) * 1988-06-25 1990-02-27 Dragerwerk Aktiengesellschaft Multi-part protective helmet
US4993082A (en) * 1990-01-05 1991-02-19 Giro Sport Design, Inc. Method for making helmet with indelibly ornamented cover
US5657492A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-08-19 Esposito, Jr.; Joseph M. Protective head device
WO2002032245A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-04-25 Marine Contractors Limited A protector member
GB2415614A (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-04 Paul Scapens A device for protecting a crash helmet
US20060117463A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Omnitek Partners Llc Protective and decorative covering for sports helmets
US7398562B2 (en) 2004-03-10 2008-07-15 Easy Rhino Designs, Inc. Article with 3-dimensional secondary element
WO2009103690A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Jocelyne Maximin Head protection device with removable shell
US20110252545A1 (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-10-20 Stacey Irrgang Lacrosse helmet cover
US20120240310A1 (en) * 2010-03-22 2012-09-27 Franco Jorge L Helmet protective skin
US20130031692A1 (en) * 2011-08-05 2013-02-07 Michael Wayne Wratten Helmet Accessory For Holding Tools
US20130174329A1 (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-11 Poc Ventures Protective Helmet Cap
US8776272B1 (en) * 2012-03-08 2014-07-15 Protective Sports Equipment International Inc. Helmet cover
US20150089726A1 (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-04-02 Gentex Corporation Helmet Cover Assembly Having at Least One Mounting Device
WO2015004537A3 (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-08-20 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Helmets including spray on materials
US9314061B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2016-04-19 Guardian Innovations, Llc Protective helmet cap
US20180007991A1 (en) * 2016-07-11 2018-01-11 John Sodec, Jr. Safer baseball batting helmet
US9907346B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2018-03-06 Erin Linn Hanson Protective helmet cap

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US881132A (en) * 1907-07-12 1908-03-10 Albert G Kiner Hat-protector.
US929240A (en) * 1909-03-20 1909-07-27 Modern Cap Mfg Company Cover for caps and the like.
US1859313A (en) * 1932-03-05 1932-05-24 Pereles Bros Inc Headgear
US2296335A (en) * 1940-11-29 1942-09-22 David R Brady Athletic protector
FR879863A (en) * 1941-03-18 1943-03-08 Protector caps and similar
US2381524A (en) * 1941-12-18 1945-08-07 British Celanese Protective headgear
US2734197A (en) * 1956-02-14 Kreinik
US3155981A (en) * 1963-02-05 1964-11-10 Mckissick John Football helmet cover

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2734197A (en) * 1956-02-14 Kreinik
US881132A (en) * 1907-07-12 1908-03-10 Albert G Kiner Hat-protector.
US929240A (en) * 1909-03-20 1909-07-27 Modern Cap Mfg Company Cover for caps and the like.
US1859313A (en) * 1932-03-05 1932-05-24 Pereles Bros Inc Headgear
US2296335A (en) * 1940-11-29 1942-09-22 David R Brady Athletic protector
FR879863A (en) * 1941-03-18 1943-03-08 Protector caps and similar
US2381524A (en) * 1941-12-18 1945-08-07 British Celanese Protective headgear
US3155981A (en) * 1963-02-05 1964-11-10 Mckissick John Football helmet cover

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3435460A (en) * 1966-01-20 1969-04-01 Ohio Athletic Specialty Co The Sponge rubber scrimmage caps
US3763494A (en) * 1972-01-24 1973-10-09 R Nordskog Power boat racing helmet
US3946441A (en) * 1973-03-19 1976-03-30 Johnson John R Safety helmet
US3885246A (en) * 1973-11-05 1975-05-27 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Retroreflective protective helmet
USRE29742E (en) * 1973-11-05 1978-08-29 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Retroreflective protective helmet
US4006496A (en) * 1975-08-13 1977-02-08 Land Tool Company Safety helmet
US4101983A (en) * 1976-06-04 1978-07-25 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Enveloping helmet of composite structure
US4538303A (en) * 1982-09-16 1985-09-03 Romer Gmbh Protective helmet
US4599752A (en) * 1984-06-21 1986-07-15 Mitchell Steven C Combination interlocking cap for sports' helmet
US4615438A (en) * 1985-08-20 1986-10-07 Figgie International Inc. Helmet shell assembly and method and apparatus for making
US4903346A (en) * 1988-06-25 1990-02-27 Dragerwerk Aktiengesellschaft Multi-part protective helmet
US4993082A (en) * 1990-01-05 1991-02-19 Giro Sport Design, Inc. Method for making helmet with indelibly ornamented cover
US5657492A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-08-19 Esposito, Jr.; Joseph M. Protective head device
WO2002032245A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-04-25 Marine Contractors Limited A protector member
US7398562B2 (en) 2004-03-10 2008-07-15 Easy Rhino Designs, Inc. Article with 3-dimensional secondary element
GB2415614A (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-04 Paul Scapens A device for protecting a crash helmet
US20060117463A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Omnitek Partners Llc Protective and decorative covering for sports helmets
US7854025B2 (en) * 2004-12-03 2010-12-21 Omnitek Partners Llc Protective and decorative covering for sports helmets
FR2927776A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-28 Jocelyne Maximin Protective device for the head with removable cap.
WO2009103690A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Jocelyne Maximin Head protection device with removable shell
US20110252545A1 (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-10-20 Stacey Irrgang Lacrosse helmet cover
US20150164169A1 (en) * 2010-03-22 2015-06-18 Jorge L. Franco Helmet Protective Skin
US20120240310A1 (en) * 2010-03-22 2012-09-27 Franco Jorge L Helmet protective skin
US8978165B2 (en) * 2010-03-22 2015-03-17 Jorge L. Franco Helmet protective skin
US20130031692A1 (en) * 2011-08-05 2013-02-07 Michael Wayne Wratten Helmet Accessory For Holding Tools
US9314061B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2016-04-19 Guardian Innovations, Llc Protective helmet cap
US20130174329A1 (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-11 Poc Ventures Protective Helmet Cap
US9907346B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2018-03-06 Erin Linn Hanson Protective helmet cap
US8776272B1 (en) * 2012-03-08 2014-07-15 Protective Sports Equipment International Inc. Helmet cover
US20150089726A1 (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-04-02 Gentex Corporation Helmet Cover Assembly Having at Least One Mounting Device
WO2015004537A3 (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-08-20 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Helmets including spray on materials
US20180007991A1 (en) * 2016-07-11 2018-01-11 John Sodec, Jr. Safer baseball batting helmet

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