US324444A - Lock-hinge - Google Patents

Lock-hinge Download PDF

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Publication number
US324444A
US324444A US324444DA US324444A US 324444 A US324444 A US 324444A US 324444D A US324444D A US 324444DA US 324444 A US324444 A US 324444A
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United States
Prior art keywords
hinge
lock
leaf
bolt
socket
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Publication date
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Publication of US324444A publication Critical patent/US324444A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/105Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis
    • E05D11/1064Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis with a coil spring perpendicular to the pivot axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • F25D23/028Details
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/30Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for domestic appliances
    • E05Y2900/31Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for domestic appliances for refrigerators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D2323/00General constructional features not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F25D2323/02Details of doors or covers not otherwise covered
    • F25D2323/024Door hinges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54021Resiliently biased catch having spring force adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54025Sliding
    • Y10T16/540257Sliding and catch receiving socket

Description

(No Model.)

J. WOLF.

. LOOK HINGE. V v No. 324,444. 4 Patented Aug. 18, 1885.

-- Illllll mmw WITNESSES: INVENTO ATTORNEY N. PETERS. Photn-Lhbognpbur, Washington. D Q

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

J OSEF WOLF, OF I-IOBOKEN, NEIV JERSEY.

LOCK-HINGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters latent No. 324,444, dated August 18, 1885.

Application filed December 10, 1884.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JosEF WOLF, of Hoboken, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Look Hinges for Doors, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has reference to an improved lock-hinge for refrigerator and other doors; and theiuvention consists of a lock-hinge one leaf of which-is provided with a notched eccentric, and of a second leaf having a springactuated bolt guided in a socket of said leaf, said bolt looking into the notch of the eccentric. The tension of the bolt-actuating spring is adjusted by a disk and a set-screw that passes through the closed end of the socket and has an enlarged exterior head.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a front view of a refrigerator-door with my improved lock-hinges. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section on line x as, Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a vertical transverse section of the lock-hinge drawn on a larger scale, and showing the open position of the hinge in dotted lines. Fig. 4 is a front elevation of my improved lock-hinge, and Fig. 5 a side elevation of the same.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

A in the drawings represents a refrigerator or other door, to which is attached one of the leaves, B, of my improved lock-hinge. The leaf B is provided with an eccentric cam, B, that may either be cast integral with the leaf B or made separate from the same, and retained thereon by means of a recess and ex tension-heel, b, in connection with the pintle b and adjoining sleeves b of the leaf B, as shown in Fig. 4. The eccentric cam B is provided at diametrically-opposite sides with tapering notches d, for'the locking'bolt D of the second leaf 0.

The leaf 0 is attached to the frame of the door and provided with a central guide-socket, O. The locking-bolt D is guided in the socket 0 and made tapering at its outer end. The

(No model.)

bolt D is forced into the notched cam B by a strong spiral spring, D, that is interposed between the inner end of the bolt D and the closed end of the socket C. The tension of the spring D is adjusted by means of a setscrew, E, the shank of which passes through the closed end of the socket G and bears by its inner end on a disk, 0, that presses on the end of the spiral spring D.

The outer end of the screw E is provided with a square or other head, 6, by which it can be easily taken hold of by a wrench or other device for being turned, so as to ad- 6 just the tension of the spiral spring D.

The advantage of my improved lock-hinge for doors is that the door can be locked into open position by the spring-bolt without requiring special locking devices, so as to dis- 6;

pense with hooks and other fastening devices.

In refrigerator doors the lock-hinges sup port the door in upwardly-inclined position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2, as the spring-bolts enter the upper notches of the 7c cams. By exerting a downward pressure on the door the tension of the spring is overcome and the bolts released from the cams and passed along the same until the springbolts engage the opposite notches of the cams, 7 5

and hold thereby the door in closed position without requiring a separate locking device.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent The combination of a leaf having a notched 8c cam, a second leaf hinged to the first leaf and provided with a guide-socket, a locking-bolt guided in said socket, a disk guided in the socket, a spiral spring interposed between the locking-bolt and disk, and a set-screw bear- WVitnesses:

CARL KARE, SIDNEY MANN.

JOSEF WVOLF..

US324444D Lock-hinge Expired - Lifetime US324444A (en)

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US324444A true US324444A (en) 1885-08-18

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US324444D Expired - Lifetime US324444A (en) Lock-hinge

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656563A (en) * 1950-07-18 1953-10-27 Robert Trent Jones Counterbalanced hinge
US2670020A (en) * 1952-01-10 1954-02-23 John G Treacy Frame for handbags and the like
US2708128A (en) * 1950-08-04 1955-05-10 Emanuel L Arzt Earring joint
US2811794A (en) * 1955-01-10 1957-11-05 Standard Electronics Corp Travel iron
US3016543A (en) * 1959-12-28 1962-01-16 Welsh Mfg Co Goggle with lifting cover
US3061892A (en) * 1957-09-26 1962-11-06 Pneumafil Corp Mounting structure
US3082473A (en) * 1960-06-01 1963-03-26 Cambridge Thermionic Corp Folding handle
US3358320A (en) * 1964-09-11 1967-12-19 Bloxwich Lock & Stamping Compa Hinge for closure elements
USRE28786E (en) * 1964-10-12 1976-04-27 Cardinal Of Adrian, Inc. Hinge for latchless door
US4726253A (en) * 1979-05-19 1988-02-23 W. Vinten Limited Torque counterbalancing mechanisms
US5109572A (en) * 1989-09-23 1992-05-05 Hyundai Electronics Ind. Co., Ltd. Locking hinge device for the LCD screen of a word processor
US5412842A (en) * 1992-01-13 1995-05-09 Southco, Inc. Detent hinge
US5765263A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-06-16 Southco, Inc. Door positioning hinge
US6442800B1 (en) * 1998-04-21 2002-09-03 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh Motor vehicle door brake which has an opening end stop and which is integrated in a hinge
US6473937B1 (en) * 1998-04-22 2002-11-05 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh Motor vehicle door hinge having an integrated braking and holding function
US20030221286A1 (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-12-04 Pinto Ana Christina Hinge device with detent
WO2009018211A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-02-05 Louie Khouri Digital radiography sensors
US20120297630A1 (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-11-29 Roberto Krause Cutting-assembly mount
EP2522798A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2015-03-25 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly
EP2522939A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-03-21 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a hinge assembly
EP2522940A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-04-11 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly
EP2522941A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-04-11 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656563A (en) * 1950-07-18 1953-10-27 Robert Trent Jones Counterbalanced hinge
US2708128A (en) * 1950-08-04 1955-05-10 Emanuel L Arzt Earring joint
US2670020A (en) * 1952-01-10 1954-02-23 John G Treacy Frame for handbags and the like
US2811794A (en) * 1955-01-10 1957-11-05 Standard Electronics Corp Travel iron
US3061892A (en) * 1957-09-26 1962-11-06 Pneumafil Corp Mounting structure
US3016543A (en) * 1959-12-28 1962-01-16 Welsh Mfg Co Goggle with lifting cover
US3082473A (en) * 1960-06-01 1963-03-26 Cambridge Thermionic Corp Folding handle
US3358320A (en) * 1964-09-11 1967-12-19 Bloxwich Lock & Stamping Compa Hinge for closure elements
USRE28786E (en) * 1964-10-12 1976-04-27 Cardinal Of Adrian, Inc. Hinge for latchless door
US4726253A (en) * 1979-05-19 1988-02-23 W. Vinten Limited Torque counterbalancing mechanisms
US5109572A (en) * 1989-09-23 1992-05-05 Hyundai Electronics Ind. Co., Ltd. Locking hinge device for the LCD screen of a word processor
US5412842A (en) * 1992-01-13 1995-05-09 Southco, Inc. Detent hinge
US5765263A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-06-16 Southco, Inc. Door positioning hinge
US6442800B1 (en) * 1998-04-21 2002-09-03 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh Motor vehicle door brake which has an opening end stop and which is integrated in a hinge
US6473937B1 (en) * 1998-04-22 2002-11-05 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh Motor vehicle door hinge having an integrated braking and holding function
US20030221286A1 (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-12-04 Pinto Ana Christina Hinge device with detent
US6941617B2 (en) 2002-01-14 2005-09-13 Southco, Inc. Hinge device with detent
WO2009018211A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-02-05 Louie Khouri Digital radiography sensors
US20100254518A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2010-10-07 Louie Khouri Digital Radiography Sensors
US8320525B2 (en) 2007-07-27 2012-11-27 Louie Khouri Digital radiography sensors
EP2522798A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2015-03-25 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly
EP2522939A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-03-21 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a hinge assembly
EP2522940A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-04-11 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly
EP2522941A3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2018-04-11 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Household cooler with a self-closing hinge assembly
US20120297630A1 (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-11-29 Roberto Krause Cutting-assembly mount
US9623574B2 (en) * 2011-05-27 2017-04-18 Wahl Gmbh Cutting-assembly mount

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