US3236056A - Apparatus for cooling automobiles and the like - Google Patents

Apparatus for cooling automobiles and the like Download PDF

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Publication number
US3236056A
US3236056A US42472565A US3236056A US 3236056 A US3236056 A US 3236056A US 42472565 A US42472565 A US 42472565A US 3236056 A US3236056 A US 3236056A
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line
shell
hot
cold
cooling
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Edward L Phillips
Elvin W Staben
Dewey D Boyd
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Edward L Phillips
Elvin W Staben
Dewey D Boyd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00478Air-conditioning devices using the Peltier effect

Description

APPARATUS FOR COOLING AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 11, 1965 /4 44 INVENTORS. 4L fan 42a Z. Pmu ms EL w/v M 57/15:

05w: Y 0. 50 K0 m WW ATTORNEYS.

United States Patent 3,236,056 APPARATUS FOR COOLING AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE Edward L. Phillips, 8825 Pershing Ave., Orangevale, Calif; Elvin W. Staben, 2300 El Manto Drive, Rancho Cordova, Calif.; and Dewey D. Boyd, 3813 Donna Circle, North Highlands, Calif.

Filed Jan. 11, 1965, Ser. No. 424,725 3 Claims. (Cl. 623) The present invention relates to apparatus for cooling the interior of automobiles and the like, though it is not to be limited to this particular use as it is readily apparent it will have many other valuable uses.

The apparatus of the present invention provides means for cooling the interior of a vehicle, vfor example, a car, by utilizing the existing car heater and cooling the liquid that flows through the heater by the Peltier effect, that is, thermoelectric cooling with a cold junction transfer furnishing means to cool the liquid in the closed circulating system of the vehicle or car.

It is an object of the present invention to provide apparatus for cooling the interior of a car utilizing the car heater and providing a compact cooling apparatus that can be readily mounted near or upon the firewall or fender wall of the engine compartment.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a small-size, compact cooling apparatus that will pro vide maximum cooling, but which will not interfere in any way with the normal engine, heater system, or the general automobile maintenance.

It is another object of the present invention to pro vide a cooling apparatus for installation in a vehicle which can be normally installed by the average c-ar owner and only requires cutting of the existing heater hoses and connecting these to outlets protruding from the cooling package or heat exchanger.

It is another object of the present invention to provide cooling means for an automobile and the like that will permit cross-connection of the cooling package and the heater system without freeze-up.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a cooling apparatus that can be readily installed in an average vehicle and which can utilize the present automobile electrical system which is suflicient in voltage, amperage, and capacity to operate the thermoelectrical units and pump contained in the cooling apparatus.

Various other objects and advantages of the present (invention will be readily apparent from the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing forming a part thereof and in which;

FIGURE 1 is a more or less diagrammatic view of the cooling apparatus embodied in the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged, detailed view in section of the heat exchanger shown in FIGURE 1, and

FIGURE 3 is a section take-n along the line 33 of FIGURE 2.

Referring to the drawings, the reference numeral generally designates a heat exchanger provided with a cold side or cold chamber 12 and a hot side or hot chamber or heat sink 14.

Referring to FIGURE 2, the heat exchanger 10 has a casing 16 in which is disposed polyurethane foam material 18 for insulating the heat exchanger from the engine compartment. The cold side 12 of the heat exchanger is provided with a plurality of fins 20 and has a liquid inlet conduit or pipe 22 and a liquid outlet pipe for conduit 24. During operation the liquid, such as water from the car heater 26, flows through the pipe 22 in heat exchange relationship with the fins 20 in the cold chamber and is discharged therefrom through the outlet pipe 24. A pump 30 has its discharge connected to the inlet pipe 22 and its suction connected by line 32 to the discharge side of the car heater and forces the liquid or water through the cold chamber, thereby transferring heat and cooling the automobile interior using the existing car heater fan to circulate the interior air. The line 24 is provided with a conventional 01f or On valve 34 to stop flow through the car heater 26 when it is not desired to cool the interior of the car. The cold chamber 12 is bonded to commercial thermoelectric units 34 bonded between the cold and hot sides of the heat exchanger with electrically insulative, thermoconductive chemical adhesive. v The cold junction 36 of the thermoelectric units are bonded to the interior shell 38 of the cold side of the heat exchanger so as to cool the water from the car heater as it flows through the interior of the shell 38.

The hot junction of the thermoelectric units is bonded to the interior shell 42 of the hot side or the heat sink and the hot side is also provided with a plurality of metal fins to increase the are-a of heat transfer between the units and the hot side of the heat exchanger. The hot side 14 of the heat exchanger is provided with an inlet pipe or line 46 and an outlet or discharge pipe or line 48. The line 46 communicates with the discharge side of the engine radiator 50 while the line 48 communicates with the inlet side of the engine radiator 50. The existing water pump 52 is utilized to force the water through the engine radiator 50 and the heat sink 14 of the heat exchanger. The engine water pump 52 provides the force necessary for cooling the hot junction 40 of the plurality of thermoelectrical units.

A bypass line 54 interconnects line 48 with line 32. A two-way valve 56 is provided at the juncture of bypass line 54 and line 32. Another two-way valve 58 is provided in line 48 between the radiator 50 and another short line 60 that connects line 48 with line 24.

When it is desired to utilize the cooling portion of the system so as to cool the interior of the automobile, the valve 34 is opened, and the valve 56 is opened to permit flow from the car heater 26 through the line 32 and to the suction side of pump 30. The valve 58 at this time is positioned so as to prevent any flow between lines 48 and 24 through the line 60. Thus the circulation of liquid is from the heater 26 through the line 32, the pump 30, and the inlet pipe 22 and the cold side 12 of the heat exchanger and line 24 back into the car heater 26. The 'hot liquid from the car heater is cooled as it is forced through the cold chamber 12 by the Peltier effect utilizing the thermoelectric unit cold junction to cool the liquid.

The heat is removed from the hot junction of the thermoelectric units by circulating water from the engine radiator 50 through the line 46 and back to the engine radiator through the line 48. The engine fan 62, of course, removes the heat from the radiator 50.

The utilization of the cooling system of the present inventi-on does not interfere with the normal uses of the heater system in the winter, for the heating system can be used 'by positioning valve 56 to permit liquid flowing through the heat exchanger portion 14 through bypass line 54 and line 32 into the car heater 26. At this time the valve 56 is also positioned to close off flow through the portion of the line 32 connected with the pump 30. During the heating operation, the valve 58 is positioned so as to permit the flow of liquid through line 24 from the radiator 26 and line 48 into the engine radiator 50. At this time the valve 58 is positioned so that there is no flow of water through the hot side 14 of the heat exchanger directly back into the engine radiator without it first flowing through the bypass line 54 into the car heat-er 26.

Specifically, when valves 56 and 58 are in the full line position for cooling, air is circulated from air heater 26 through line 32, by pump 30 through cold side 12, pipe 24 and valve 34 back to the car heater. Simultaneously cool fluid from the engine cooling system 50 is drawn through pipe 46, hot side 14, and line 48 "back to the cooling system. When it is desired to heat the vehicle, with valves 56 and 58 in dotted line position, fluid is drawn from the engine cooling system 50 through line 46 into the hot side 14, and thence through line 54 to car heater 26-, from which the fluid returns through line 48 to the engine cooling system. Circulation of fluid through the cold chamber is discontinued during this operation.

From the foregoing description it is apparent that the present invention provides a compact cooling system that can be installed in existing automotive heating systems for utilizing thermoelectric cooling units in order to provide a cooling system for an automobile as well as a heating system therefor.

It is to be realized that the present invention is not to be limited by any of the details of description but is to be construed broadly within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A cooling apparatus comprising a vehicle radiator and a vehicle air heater, a heat exchanger comprising an insulated casing, an interior cold shell therein with a plurality of metal fins and an inlet line and a discharge line for flowing heated liquid through said cold shell to cool it, and said discharge line connected to said car heater by a bypass line downstream thereo'f, an interior hot shell therein with a plurality of metal fins and an inlet and a discharge line therein for flowing cooling liquid through said hot shell, said shells being spaced from each other, a plurality of thermoelectric units disposed in the space between said shells and bonded to said shells, said units having their cold junctions in thermal contact with said hot shell, said units having their hot junctions in thermal contact with said cold shell, an air heater discharge line connected to said hot shell inlet line and a pump in said air heater discharge line, said hot shell discharge line connected to the inlet side of said air heater, a vehicle radiator line connected to the inlet side of said radiator and the hot shell discharge line, the radiator discharge side being connected to said cold shell inlet line, and a fan for flowing cooling air through said radiator.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said bypass line is connected between said cold shell discharge line and said air heater discharge line upstream of said pump, and a two-way valve is provided at the juncture of said bypass line and said heater discharge line.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,107,199 2/1938 Gaugler 165-62 3,054,840 9/l962 Aloing 623 3,178,894 4/1965 Mole 62-3 WILLIAM J. WYE, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A COOLING APPARATUS COMPRISING A VEHICLE RADIATOR AND A VEHICLE AIR HEATER, A HEAT EXCHANGER COMPRISING AN INSULATED CASING, AN INTERIOR COLD SHELL THEREIN WITH A PLURALITY OF METAL FINS AND AN INLET LINE AND A DISCHARGE LINE FOR FLOWING HEATED LIQUID THROUGH SAID COLD SHELL TO COOL IT, AND SAID DISCHARGE LINE CONNECTED TO SAID CAR HEATER BY A BYPASS LINE DOWNSTREAM THEREOF, AN INTERIOR HOT SHELL THEREIN WITH A PLURALITY OF METAL FINS AND AN INLET AND A DISCHARGE LINE THEREIN FOR FLOWING COOLING LIQUID THROUGH SAID HOT SHELL, SAID SHELLS BEING SPACED FROM EACH OTHER, A PLURALITY OF THERMOELECTRIC UNITS DISPOSED IN THE SPACE BETWEEN SAID SHELLS AND BONDED TO SAID SHELLS, SAID UNITS HAVING THEIR COLD JUNCTIONS IN THERMAL CONTACT WITH SAID HOT SHELL, UNITS HAVING THEIR HOT JUNCTIONS IN THERMAL CONTACT WITH SAID COLD SHELL, AN AIR HEATER DISCHARGE LINE CONNECTED TO SAID HOT SHELL INLET LINE AND A PUMP IN SAID AIR HEATER DISCHARGE LINE, SAID HOT SHELL DISCHARGE LINE CONNECTED TO THE INLET SIDE OF SAID AIR HEATER, A VEHICLE RADIATOR LINE CONNECTED TO THE INLET SIDE OF SAID RADIATOR AND THE HOT SHELL DISCHARGE LINE, THE RADIATOR DISCHARGE SIDE BEING CONNECTED TO SAID COLD SHELL INLET LINE, AND A FAN FOR FLOWING COOLING AID THROUGH SAID RADIATOR.
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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3779307A (en) * 1970-11-26 1973-12-18 Su Deutsche Kuhlerfab Julius F Heating and cooling system for motor vehicles
US4453503A (en) * 1980-11-10 1984-06-12 Freeburn Edwin J Cooling device
US4511500A (en) * 1979-07-02 1985-04-16 Societe Generale Pour Les Techniques Nouvelles, S.G.N. Method and devices for producing exchanges in reservoirs used for storing radioactive materials
FR2598493A1 (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-11-13 Parienti Raoul Method of air conditioning heating using the Peltier effect and the device implementating it
DE3639089A1 (en) * 1986-11-14 1988-05-26 Unitechnica Mobilkaelte Gmbh Thermoelectric kuehlvorrichtung
EP0338283A1 (en) * 1988-03-24 1989-10-25 Koslow Technologies Corporation Thermoelectric cooling device
US5201182A (en) * 1990-05-11 1993-04-13 Thomson-Csf Method for the thermal conditioning of electronic equipment mounted in aircraft, and systems for the implementation thereof
US5547019A (en) * 1994-10-28 1996-08-20 Iacullo; Robert S. Thermoelectric intercooler cooling turbocharged air
WO1997022486A1 (en) * 1995-12-15 1997-06-26 Climcon A/S A heat exchanger device for an air conditioning system
US5784890A (en) * 1996-06-03 1998-07-28 Polkinghorne; John D. Compact thermoelectric refrigeration drive assembly
ES2154981A1 (en) * 1997-03-26 2001-04-16 Mas Jose Ignacio Castel Air conditioning and/or electronic conditioner for automobile vehicles
US6270015B1 (en) * 1999-03-24 2001-08-07 Tgk Co., Ltd. Radiator for a vehicle
US20040025516A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 John Van Winkle Double closed loop thermoelectric heat exchanger
US20050247446A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2005-11-10 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20060075758A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-13 Tigerone Development, Llc; Air-conditioning and heating system utilizing thermo-electric solid state devices
US20060169277A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2006-08-03 Ecofys Bv Method of cooling or heating a means of transport and a means of transport
US20070017666A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-25 Goenka Lakhi N Energy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
DE102006001304A1 (en) * 2006-01-11 2007-07-12 Audi Ag Air-conditioning device for motor vehicle, has thermoelectric unit with two surfaces, where one surface air-conditions internal space of vehicle, and other surface is thermally coupled with air discharged from space via exhaust channel
US20080250794A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2008-10-16 Bell Lon E Thermoelectric personal environment appliance
US20090000310A1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2009-01-01 Bell Lon E System and method for distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
US20100101238A1 (en) * 2008-10-23 2010-04-29 Lagrandeur John Heater-cooler with bithermal thermoelectric device
US20100287952A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Temperature control system with thermoelectric device
US20100291414A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Bsst Llc Battery Thermal Management System
US20100313575A1 (en) * 2005-04-08 2010-12-16 Goenka Lakhi N Thermoelectric-based heating and cooling system
US20100313576A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2010-12-16 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Hybrid vehicle temperature control systems and methods
US20100326092A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2010-12-30 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Heat exchanger tube having integrated thermoelectric devices
US7870745B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2011-01-18 Bsst Llc Thermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US20110209740A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2011-09-01 Bsst, Llc High capacity thermoelectric temperature control systems
WO2012003930A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Controlling the temperature of a plurality of components of a motor vehicle
US8722222B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2014-05-13 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric-based thermal management of electrical devices
US20140165596A1 (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-06-19 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Thermoelectric arrangement for use in a cooling system of a motor vehicle and cooling system having such a thermoelectric arrangement
US9103573B2 (en) 2006-08-02 2015-08-11 Gentherm Incorporated HVAC system for a vehicle
US9447994B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2016-09-20 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US9555686B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2017-01-31 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US9719701B2 (en) 2008-06-03 2017-08-01 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric heat pump

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2107199A (en) * 1935-02-20 1938-02-01 Gen Motors Corp Heating and cooling system
US3054840A (en) * 1958-05-06 1962-09-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Thermopile
US3178894A (en) * 1963-10-30 1965-04-20 Westinghouse Electric Corp Thermoelectric heat pumping apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2107199A (en) * 1935-02-20 1938-02-01 Gen Motors Corp Heating and cooling system
US3054840A (en) * 1958-05-06 1962-09-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Thermopile
US3178894A (en) * 1963-10-30 1965-04-20 Westinghouse Electric Corp Thermoelectric heat pumping apparatus

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3779307A (en) * 1970-11-26 1973-12-18 Su Deutsche Kuhlerfab Julius F Heating and cooling system for motor vehicles
US4511500A (en) * 1979-07-02 1985-04-16 Societe Generale Pour Les Techniques Nouvelles, S.G.N. Method and devices for producing exchanges in reservoirs used for storing radioactive materials
US4453503A (en) * 1980-11-10 1984-06-12 Freeburn Edwin J Cooling device
FR2598493A1 (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-11-13 Parienti Raoul Method of air conditioning heating using the Peltier effect and the device implementating it
DE3639089A1 (en) * 1986-11-14 1988-05-26 Unitechnica Mobilkaelte Gmbh Thermoelectric kuehlvorrichtung
EP0338283A1 (en) * 1988-03-24 1989-10-25 Koslow Technologies Corporation Thermoelectric cooling device
US5201182A (en) * 1990-05-11 1993-04-13 Thomson-Csf Method for the thermal conditioning of electronic equipment mounted in aircraft, and systems for the implementation thereof
US5547019A (en) * 1994-10-28 1996-08-20 Iacullo; Robert S. Thermoelectric intercooler cooling turbocharged air
WO1997022486A1 (en) * 1995-12-15 1997-06-26 Climcon A/S A heat exchanger device for an air conditioning system
US5784890A (en) * 1996-06-03 1998-07-28 Polkinghorne; John D. Compact thermoelectric refrigeration drive assembly
ES2154981A1 (en) * 1997-03-26 2001-04-16 Mas Jose Ignacio Castel Air conditioning and/or electronic conditioner for automobile vehicles
US6270015B1 (en) * 1999-03-24 2001-08-07 Tgk Co., Ltd. Radiator for a vehicle
US8069674B2 (en) 2001-08-07 2011-12-06 Bsst Llc Thermoelectric personal environment appliance
US20080250794A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2008-10-16 Bell Lon E Thermoelectric personal environment appliance
US20060169277A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2006-08-03 Ecofys Bv Method of cooling or heating a means of transport and a means of transport
US7740053B2 (en) * 2002-01-16 2010-06-22 Ecofys B.V. Method of cooling or heating a means of transport and a means of transport
US20040025516A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 John Van Winkle Double closed loop thermoelectric heat exchanger
US20110209740A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2011-09-01 Bsst, Llc High capacity thermoelectric temperature control systems
US20110107773A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2011-05-12 Gawthrop Peter R Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US7870892B2 (en) 2004-05-10 2011-01-18 Bsst Llc Climate control method for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US7380586B2 (en) 2004-05-10 2008-06-03 Bsst Llc Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20050247446A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2005-11-10 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US9365090B2 (en) * 2004-05-10 2016-06-14 Gentherm Incorporated Climate control system for vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20080230618A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2008-09-25 Bsst Llc Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20130327063A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2013-12-12 Bsst Llc Climate control system for hybrid vehicles using thermoelectric devices
US20080110179A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2008-05-15 Rice Douglas T Cooling and heating systems and methods utilizing thermo-electric devices
US20060075758A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-13 Tigerone Development, Llc; Air-conditioning and heating system utilizing thermo-electric solid state devices
US7866164B2 (en) * 2004-10-07 2011-01-11 Tac Unit, Llc Cooling and heating systems and methods utilizing thermo-electric devices
US20100313575A1 (en) * 2005-04-08 2010-12-16 Goenka Lakhi N Thermoelectric-based heating and cooling system
US8408012B2 (en) 2005-04-08 2013-04-02 Bsst Llc Thermoelectric-based heating and cooling system
US9863672B2 (en) 2005-04-08 2018-01-09 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric-based air conditioning system
US8915091B2 (en) 2005-04-08 2014-12-23 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric-based thermal management system
US8261868B2 (en) 2005-07-19 2012-09-11 Bsst Llc Energy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US20070017666A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-25 Goenka Lakhi N Energy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US8783397B2 (en) 2005-07-19 2014-07-22 Bsst Llc Energy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
US20110079023A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2011-04-07 Goenka Lakhi N Energy management system for a hybrid-electric vehicle
DE102006001304A1 (en) * 2006-01-11 2007-07-12 Audi Ag Air-conditioning device for motor vehicle, has thermoelectric unit with two surfaces, where one surface air-conditions internal space of vehicle, and other surface is thermally coupled with air discharged from space via exhaust channel
US20110107772A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2011-05-12 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Thermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US8424315B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2013-04-23 Bsst Llc Thermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US7870745B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2011-01-18 Bsst Llc Thermoelectric device efficiency enhancement using dynamic feedback
US8631659B2 (en) 2006-08-02 2014-01-21 Bsst Llc Hybrid vehicle temperature control systems and methods
US20100326092A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2010-12-30 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Heat exchanger tube having integrated thermoelectric devices
US20100313576A1 (en) * 2006-08-02 2010-12-16 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Hybrid vehicle temperature control systems and methods
US9103573B2 (en) 2006-08-02 2015-08-11 Gentherm Incorporated HVAC system for a vehicle
US20100052374A1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2010-03-04 Bsst Llc System and method for climate control within a passenger compartment of a vehicle
US20090000310A1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2009-01-01 Bell Lon E System and method for distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
US9366461B2 (en) 2007-05-25 2016-06-14 Gentherm Incorporated System and method for climate control within a passenger compartment of a vehicle
US9310112B2 (en) 2007-05-25 2016-04-12 Gentherm Incorporated System and method for distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
US9719701B2 (en) 2008-06-03 2017-08-01 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric heat pump
US9447994B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2016-09-20 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US8613200B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2013-12-24 Bsst Llc Heater-cooler with bithermal thermoelectric device
US9555686B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2017-01-31 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control systems with thermoelectric devices
US20100101238A1 (en) * 2008-10-23 2010-04-29 Lagrandeur John Heater-cooler with bithermal thermoelectric device
US9038400B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2015-05-26 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control system with thermoelectric device
US8974942B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2015-03-10 Gentherm Incorporated Battery thermal management system including thermoelectric assemblies in thermal communication with a battery
US20100291414A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Bsst Llc Battery Thermal Management System
US20100287952A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-18 Lakhi Nandlal Goenka Temperature control system with thermoelectric device
US10106011B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2018-10-23 Gentherm Incorporated Temperature control system with thermoelectric device
US20110236731A1 (en) * 2009-05-18 2011-09-29 Bsst Llc Battery Thermal Management System
US9666914B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2017-05-30 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric-based battery thermal management system
DE102010026601A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Volkswagen Ag Tempering of a plurality of components of a motor vehicle
WO2012003930A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Controlling the temperature of a plurality of components of a motor vehicle
US8722222B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2014-05-13 Gentherm Incorporated Thermoelectric-based thermal management of electrical devices
US20140165596A1 (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-06-19 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Thermoelectric arrangement for use in a cooling system of a motor vehicle and cooling system having such a thermoelectric arrangement
US9829219B2 (en) * 2012-12-18 2017-11-28 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Thermoelectric arrangement for use in a cooling system of a motor vehicle and cooling system having such a thermoelectric arrangement

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