US3235395A - Transfers for metallic coatings - Google Patents

Transfers for metallic coatings Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3235395A
US3235395A US182756A US18275662A US3235395A US 3235395 A US3235395 A US 3235395A US 182756 A US182756 A US 182756A US 18275662 A US18275662 A US 18275662A US 3235395 A US3235395 A US 3235395A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
web
transfer
layer
metal film
carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US182756A
Inventor
Walter G Scharf
Original Assignee
Walter G Scharf
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Walter G Scharf filed Critical Walter G Scharf
Priority to US182756A priority Critical patent/US3235395A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3235395A publication Critical patent/US3235395A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/16Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like
    • B44C1/165Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like for decalcomanias; sheet material therefor
    • B44C1/17Dry transfer
    • B44C1/1733Decalcomanias applied under pressure only, e.g. provided with a pressure sensitive adhesive
    • B44C1/1737Decalcomanias provided with a particular decorative layer, e.g. specially adapted to allow the formation of a metallic or dyestuff on a substrate unsuitable for direct deposition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/10Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics
    • B44C1/14Metallic leaves or foils, e.g. gold leaf
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/0005Separation of the coating from the substrate
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/02Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits in which the conductive material is applied to the surface of the insulating support and is thereafter removed from such areas of the surface which are not intended for current conducting or shielding
    • H05K3/022Processes for manufacturing precursors of printed circuits, i.e. copper-clad substrates
    • H05K3/025Processes for manufacturing precursors of printed circuits, i.e. copper-clad substrates by transfer of thin metal foil formed on a temporary carrier, e.g. peel-apart copper
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/914Transfer or decalcomania
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/28Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component and having an adhesive outermost layer
    • Y10T428/2804Next to metal

Description

Feb. 15, 1966 W. G. SCHARF TRANSFERS FOR METALLIC COATINGS Filed March 27, 1962 INVENTOR. Mare@ G Sul/4QF Afro/Ney Q/:Jgl (2 And.
United States Patent 3,235,395 TRANSFERS FOR METALLIC COATNGS Walter G. Scharf, 243 Palmer Court, Ridgewood, NJ. Filed Mar. 27, 1962, Ser. No. 182,756 4 Claims. (Cl. 117-33) This invention relates generally to transfer techniques for applying metallic coatings to desired substrates, and more particularly to a transfer sheet or web which includes a releasing layer interposed between the metal film to be transferred and a carrier, the layer functioning also to protect the transferred film.
The use of transfer techniques to apply metallic coatings to substrates, such as fabric, leather or plastic surfaces, is well known. Thus bookbinders employ gold foil transfer sheets to attach gold letters to leather bindings. These transfer sheets are constituted by a waxed carrier web for supporting the gold foil, the gold being coated with a heat-activated adhesive layer. In practice, the .transfer sheet is hot pressed with a heated die to adhere the metal foil to the leather, the carrier then being i stripped away. The waxy parting layer serves to maintain the gold leaf in position on the carrier prior to its transfer and to permit release of the carrier after the gold has been Iaffixed to the leather.
After the gold leaf is attached, its outer surface is exposed and unprotected, hence with continued use of the leather article, the gold surface is abraded and the lettering gradually wears away. Such erosion is also encountered with modern transfer sheets where metal films, rather than foil, are deposited on wax treated carriers by vapor deposition or sputtering, and coated with adhesives for transfer to leather or other surfaces to be decorated. Once the metal film is transferred, its outer surface is exposed to wear.
Many atempts in recent years have been made to apply metallic nishes to fabrics directly rather than by transfer techniques. Thus metal has been applied to cloth by sputter-ing molten metal thereon. But such surfaces usually present a dull, semi-metallic and unattractive appearance. Another approach in producing metallized cloth is by applying metallic lacquers in liquid form. However, the liquid binder penetrates the fibers and stiffens the fabric. In neither case does the cloth have a metallized finish of high luster. Also, the textile characteristics of the cloth are often degraded by direct metallizing finishes of this type.
In recent years the transfer technique has been used for fabric in connection with a transfer sheet in which a metal film is deposited directly on a carrier web and then J coated with a curable adhesive bonding composition. In transfer, the adhesive layer is pressed onto the fabric surface and cured to a solvent-resistant and heat resistant state, the carrier then being stripped from the metal film. While this technique affords a highly reflective metallic film on the surface of the cloth, this film, as in the case of all other prior metallizing techniques, is entirely unprotected. Hence with continued use and with repeated dry-cleaning, the metallized finish becomes eroded and the fabric ceases to be attractive.
In view of the foregoing, it is the main object of this invention to provide -a transfer sheet or a continuous web which obviates the drawbacks incident to the prior art and renders possible the formation of metallized finishes of superior quality.
More specifically, it is an object of this invention to provide .a metal transfer web, which when applied to natural or synthetic fabrics, paper or any other substrate, enhances the decorative qualities thereof without impairing its wearing or draping characteristics or its hand.
A significant advantage of the invention is that the metallized fabric may be washed or dry-cleaned without loss of luster, and the fabric may be repeatedly folded or crumpled without adversely affecting its metallic appearance. As applied to a paper substrate, the resultant metallized paper is brighter and more .attractive than aluminum foil and paper laminate.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a transfer technique wherein the metal film applied to the substrate is protectively coated with a material which initially functions to release the film from the carrier. Thus the applied film resists abrasion and maintains its luster for a prolonged period.
A further object of the invention is to provide a transfer sheet of the above type which may be inexpensively manufactured and which may be applied to any suitable surface by conventional techniques, as by hot or cold presmg.
Briefly stated, these objects are accomplished by means of a transfer constituted by a carrier web coated with a resinous solution which when dried forms a transparent layer of a material normally incompatible with the material of the carrier web, whereby the layer may readily be stripped from the Web.
The outer surface of this release layer is metallized by vacuum deposition to form a film thereon which may then be coated with an adhesive layer of ya character suitable for the substrate to which transfer is to be effected. Alternatively, the adhesive layer may be applied to the substrate rather than the metal film. In any event, when the transfer is applied to the substrate, as by hot pressing, the metal film is bonded thereto, and when the carrier is stripped away, what is exposed is not the naked surface of the metal film but the protective layer thereon, the layer being transparent and hence effectively invisible. It is also possible to add coloring matter to the protective layer whereby the color presented to the observer is the resultant of the metal color in combination with the protective pigment.
For a better understanding of the invention, as well as other objects and further features thereof, reference is made to the following detailed description to be read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. l is a section taken through a transfer sheet in accordance with the invention, the dimensions being greatly exaggerated for purposes o-f clar-ity.
FIG. 2 shows the applicaton of the transfer sheet to cloth.
FIG. 3 schematically illustrates a preferred method for fabricating the transfer sheet.
Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIG. l, the transfer in accordance with the invention generally comprises a carrier web 10, a release layer 11 coated on said web and forming a protective surface for a metal film 12 deposited on said layer, and an adhesive coating 13, which may be heat or pressure sensitive, formed on the metal film.
The carrier web may be constituted by any suitable flexible material capable of being coated by a resinous solution of the type to be described, such as cellophane, acetate or triacetate, and is preferably formed of polymerized ethylene glycol terephthalate, one form of which is known commercially as Mylar. The web need not have a thickness greater than 2 mils, although Webs as thick as 4 or 5 mils may be used.
The release layer 11 is formed by coating the carrier web with a resinous solution consisting of solvents not greatly affecting the web and an organic solute not normally compatible therewith, such as polymethylmethacrylate. This coating is applied uniformly as by a roller coater, a reverse roller coater, or by the flexographic or rotogravure process. Whcn the coating is dried it constitutes a clear transparent layer which while not bonded to the carrier web in any chemical sense, superficially adheres thereto.
The surface of the protective layer 11 is then coated with a ne metal film 12 which may be of gold, silver, aluminum, magnesium, titanium nickel or any other metal, the thickness of the film preferably not exceeding 1/50,000th of an inch. The deposition may be carried out by known thermal evaporation or cathodic sputtering techniques.
The nature of the adhesive layer 13 applied to the metal film 12 will depend on the character of the substrate. For example, if the transfer is to be used for metallizing a rigid plastic surface, then it is not important that the adhesive have flexible as well as bonding properties, and the choice of adhesive will depend on the material of the plastic substrate. But with fabrics it is essential that the adhesives also be flexible. For this purpose, highly fiexible heat curing combinations of rubbery polymers and compatible heat-advancing adhesive resins will provide good bonding between fabric and metal. Plasticizers, tackifiers, other curing agent catalysts, etc. may be added as desired.
The invention is of particular value for metallizing paper. Paper, because of its inherent qualities, cannot as a practical matter be metallized directly, as by vacuum deposition. The present transfer technique makes metallization possible and produces a more brilliant result than is obtained with metal foil paper combinations.
Transfer may be effected as a continuous film or as an incomplete patterned transfer. As shown in FlG. 2, assuming a paper or fabric substrate 14, the transfer sheet is laid thereon with the adhesive layer 13 in Contact with the substrate. The combination is conveyed through hot or cold pressure rollers, depending on the nature of the adhesive layer, to effect bonding therebetween, after which the carrier is stripped away,
In the example given above, the transfer sheet was provided with a continuous and uniform adhesive layer over the metal film. To effect pattern transfer, the adhesive layer may be made discontinuous in the form of contoured or patterned areas whereby only corresponding `areas of the metal film will be removed from the transfer sheet when the carrier is stripped therefrom. In this manner many interesting decorative effects may be realized. It is, of course, also possible to provide Ia transfer sheet or web of the above-described type without an adhesive coating and instead to apply the necessary adhesive coating either in continuous or patterned form directly to the surface to be metallized before the transfer is pressed thereon.
When the carrier web is stripped away, the metal film 12 then becomes visible through the protective layer 11 which in practice should be extremely thin. To obtain different color effects, dyes or pigments may be added to the resinous solution coated on the carrier web, the color thereof combining with the color of the metal film to produce different hues. Thus an aluminum film, whose appearance with a clear layer is silvery, may be made golden or given still another metallic hue depending on the color added.
Referring now to FIG. 3, the process for forming a transfer sheet is illustrated, the carrier web 10 being drawn from a supply roll 15, one surface of the web being coated with the resinous solution contained in a bath 16. The liquid coating is applied by a direct three roll coater including a first roller 17 rotated in bath 16 and acting to apply the liquid to :a second roller 18 which engages the undersurface of the web, the web being pressed against the second roller by means of a third roller 19.
As noted previously, coloring may be added to the solution. Preferably dyestuff is used, such as Acetosol dyes manufactured by the Sandoz Company, or Orasol made by Ciba or Grasol made by Geigy. The advantage of dye over pigment is that the latter is composed of solid particles which form a suspension in the plastic solution and tend to make the layer thicker and less flexible.
The web is dried by passage through an oven 20 which is properly heated and vented to drive off all solvents. To this end, gas heat or infra-red radiation may be employed. The dried solution formed the release layer on the web, the layer then being metallized by passing it through vacuum chamber 21. If thermal evaporation is used, metal vapor is generated by dried heat as from an electric arc or a glowing filament. To effect maximum adherence of the film plate, the metal molecules should pass linearly from their source to the surface to be coated, this requiring maintenance of pressures of about 10F4 of mercury in a vacuum chamber.
In cathode sputtering, a high voltage is impressed between an anode and the plating metal. The cathode is vaporized by positive ion bombardment, some of the vapor diffusing `away from the cathode and depositing on the surface to be plated. The voltage requirements depend on the nature of the cathode metal. At pressures of 0.01 to 0.10 mm. of mercury necessary to maintain the glow discharge, the ordinary laws of diffusion prevail. After plating the web is re-rolled in preparation for the next step.
Finally, the metallized web passes through a coating bath 22 to apply an adhesive layer on the metallized film, this layer being dried to a non-tacky state and rolled for future use.
Among the useful carriers, Adhesives and Release Coatings which are useable in accordance with the invention are the following:
Carrier (film):
Polyethylene terephthalate Crystallized copolymers of polyethylene terephthalate `and isophthalate Oriented polystyrene Polyvinyl fluoride Acetate coated paper Polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene Adhesives:
Rubber-Phenolic systems Polyester-Isocyanate systems Water dispersions of rubber, polyvinyl chloride and polyvinyl acetate Release coatings:
Polyurethanes Solutions of phenol formaldehyde Solvent systems of polyesters and combinations such as methyl methacrylate, ethylene terephthalate, ethylene lisophthalate Water and solvent systems of polyvinyl acetate and polyvinyl chloride.
While there has been shown what is considered to be a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that many changes and modifications may be made t-herein without departing from the essential spirit of the Iinvention as set forth in the appended claims.
What is claimed is: 1. A transfer comprising: (a) a carrier web formed of synthetic plastic material, ('b) a release layer formed on said web and adhering supercially thereto, said layer being formed of a synthetic transparent plastic material whose characteristics render it incompatible with said web and readily strippable therefrom, and (c) a metal film one face of which is adhered directly to said release layer, the other face thereof being adherable to a substrate, the carrier web being removable to expose said one face of said metal film through said transparent release layer adhered thereto whereby the release layer then functions as a protective layer.
2. A transfer as set forth in claim 1, wherein said transparent release layer includes coloring matter to impart a hue thereto different from that of said metal ilrn, whereby when the carrier web is removed the colors of said metal lm and said release layer combine to produce a third color.
3. A transfer as set forth in claim 1, wherein said Web is formed of ethylene glycol terephthalate and said release layer is formed of polymethyl rnethacrylate.
4. A transfer as set forth in claim 1, further including a layer of adhesive coated on the other face of said met-al lm.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Humphner 1l7-3.4 Francis 117-34 Terry 117-3.4 Oughton 117-33 Matthes 117-3 .4 Persoon 1l7-3.4 Reese 1173.4
WILLIAM D. MARTIN, Primary Examiner.
MURRAY KATZ, RICHARD D. NEVIUS, Examiners.

Claims (1)

1. A TRANSFER COMPRISING: (A) A CARRIER WEB FORMED OF SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL, (B) A RELEASE LAYER FORMED ON SAID WEB AND ADHERING SUPERFICIALLY THERETO, SAID LAYER BEING FORMED OF A SYNTHETIC TRANSPARENT PLASTIC MATERIAL WHOSE CHARACTERISTIC RENDER IT INCOMPATIBLE WITH SAID WEB AND READILY STRIPPABLE THEREFROM AND (C) A METAL FILM ONE FACE OF WHICH IS ADHERED DIRECTLY TO SAID RELEASE LAYER, THE OTHER FACE THEREOF BEING ADHERABLE TO A SUBSTRATE, THE CARRIER WEB BEING REMOVABLE TO EXPOSE SAID ONE FACE OF SAID METAL FILM THROUGH SAID TRANSPARENT RELEASE LAYER ADHERED THERETO WHEREBY THE RELEASE LAYER THEN FUNCTIONS AS A PROTECTIVE LAYER.
US182756A 1962-03-27 1962-03-27 Transfers for metallic coatings Expired - Lifetime US3235395A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US182756A US3235395A (en) 1962-03-27 1962-03-27 Transfers for metallic coatings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US182756A US3235395A (en) 1962-03-27 1962-03-27 Transfers for metallic coatings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3235395A true US3235395A (en) 1966-02-15

Family

ID=22669883

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US182756A Expired - Lifetime US3235395A (en) 1962-03-27 1962-03-27 Transfers for metallic coatings

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3235395A (en)

Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3405833A (en) * 1963-06-10 1968-10-15 Dow Chemical Co Biaxially oriented alkenyl aromatic resinous tape having a pressure sensitive adhesive thereon
US3442742A (en) * 1963-04-26 1969-05-06 Donald E Jorgensen Processes for applying printing to metal substrates
US3463651A (en) * 1967-09-19 1969-08-26 Rubin Warsager Multicolor surface decoration and process for producing same
US3494776A (en) * 1965-02-08 1970-02-10 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transfer film
US3523813A (en) * 1965-09-02 1970-08-11 Willy Koller Application of a printed impression of metal powder onto articles
US3656987A (en) * 1970-01-30 1972-04-18 Ellis Ab Article for reinforcing cloth
US3664913A (en) * 1968-05-31 1972-05-23 Ralph A Ratciiff Indicia applying article and method
FR2111796A1 (en) * 1970-10-23 1972-06-09 Oike Et Co Ltd
DE2222144A1 (en) * 1971-05-04 1972-11-16 Cellophane Sa Transfer process following the hot gold plating process
US3718528A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-02-27 A Bergstrom Heat reflecting laminate
US3739271A (en) * 1971-07-26 1973-06-12 Weston Instruments Inc Mirrored meter scale and method of manufacture
US3869336A (en) * 1969-09-26 1975-03-04 Trentesaux Toulemonde Sa Transfer sheets for transfer printing
US3896249A (en) * 1968-01-19 1975-07-22 Johnson Matthey Co Ltd Self-adhesive transfers
US3949139A (en) * 1972-02-10 1976-04-06 Avery Corporation Laminar reflective platelets and compositions and articles comprising them
US3984598A (en) * 1974-02-08 1976-10-05 Universal Oil Products Company Metal-clad laminates
US3985602A (en) * 1974-10-11 1976-10-12 Sangray Corporation Transfer process and composite sheet therefor
WO1979000103A1 (en) * 1977-08-19 1979-03-08 Stauffer Chemical Co Metallized decorative film laminate and process
DE2747241A1 (en) * 1977-10-21 1979-04-26 Helmuth Schmoock METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A LAMINATE COMBINATION
EP0003689A1 (en) * 1978-02-15 1979-08-22 Kenneth James Reed Dry-release transfer and method of producing such a transfer
DE2907186A1 (en) * 1978-02-28 1979-08-30 Eurograph Holding Nv METAL COVER
FR2462998A1 (en) * 1979-08-10 1981-02-20 Scheuch Folien Papier Kg Laminated films for heat-sealing containers - incorporating metallised thermoplastic film instead of metal foil
JPS56133160A (en) * 1980-02-15 1981-10-19 Leer Koninklijke Emballage Metallized composite structure and its manufacture
EP0038878A1 (en) * 1980-04-28 1981-11-04 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V. Transfer metallizing process
FR2491832A1 (en) * 1980-10-09 1982-04-16 Swarovski Co D DECORATIVE PADS FOR ORNAMENTAL USE, IN PARTICULAR FOR DECORATING TEXTILES
EP0050794A1 (en) * 1980-10-29 1982-05-05 Nordipa AG Transfer lacquer film and method of making it
US4349402A (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-09-14 Transfer Print Foils, Inc. Method for producing a bright metalized foil or board
WO1983001418A1 (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-04-28 Dennison Mfg Co Metallization of support members
US4382831A (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-05-10 Dennison Manufacturing Company Metallization of support members
US4454188A (en) * 1982-01-08 1984-06-12 Congoleum Corporation High reflectivity in flooring and other products
US4465538A (en) * 1980-08-04 1984-08-14 Helmuth Schmoock Method of making a printed circuit board
US4473422A (en) * 1981-03-11 1984-09-25 Transfer Print Foils, Inc. Metalized paper or board product and method of preparation
US4483732A (en) * 1983-08-04 1984-11-20 Congoleum Corporation Process for preparing high reflectivity decorative surface coverings
US4857401A (en) * 1987-06-15 1989-08-15 Sieverding David L Decorative foils and decals
US4875961A (en) * 1986-10-07 1989-10-24 Oike Industrial Co., Ltd. Heat-sensitive transfer medium
US4892602A (en) * 1986-08-19 1990-01-09 Oike Industrial Co., Ltd. Heat-sensitive transfer medium
US4902546A (en) * 1986-04-16 1990-02-20 Dennison Manufacturing Company Transfer metallization laminate
WO1990015724A1 (en) * 1989-06-15 1990-12-27 Pierson David G Metallic leaf laminate and method for the automated production of metallic leaf signage
US5310222A (en) * 1989-10-26 1994-05-10 De La Rue Holographics Limited Optical device
US5391247A (en) * 1992-01-24 1995-02-21 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Hot stamping glass
US5487927A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-01-30 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Decorating method and products
US5489355A (en) * 1992-04-14 1996-02-06 Dai Nippon Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha Method for producing glittering decorative boards
US5571359A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-11-05 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Radiation curable pigmented compositions
US5585153A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-12-17 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Hot stamping glass
US5853121A (en) * 1997-08-05 1998-12-29 Laminating Technologies, Inc. Insulated chest
EP0972656A2 (en) * 1998-07-15 2000-01-19 Fritz Borsi Kg Process for local selective coating of a transparent support plate with a metallic film by etching, layered composite obtainable by this process and embossed sheet used in the process
GB2343864A (en) * 1998-11-20 2000-05-24 Agra Vadeko Inc Security thread
FR2816243A1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-10 Francois Trantoul Dry metallic transfer for cold transfer of a design onto a surface includes intermediate varnish layer retaining the metallic portion of the design
EP1313118A1 (en) * 2001-11-16 2003-05-21 Polymatech Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a key top for a push-button switch
US6818269B2 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-11-16 Dot Packaging Group, Inc. Metallic board
US20060073299A1 (en) * 2004-10-04 2006-04-06 Edward Killey Method for forming a metallic appearance on the sides of memo pads
FR2962068A1 (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-01-06 Airlessystems Method for decorating e.g. bottle containing fluid product in perfumery field, involves applying translucent material layer to part of sheet to view metallized layer through material layer to confer color shade on metallized layer
US20120091625A1 (en) * 2009-03-23 2012-04-19 Paolo Peruzza Film for production of composite material artefacts, production method of said film and production method of composite material artefacts using said film
US20130029164A1 (en) * 2010-04-13 2013-01-31 Wavelock Advanced Technology Co., Ltd. Metallic decoration sheet, method of making the same, and resin molded product
WO2017000002A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 Kisling Andreas Method for producing a decorative element

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2190405A (en) * 1938-07-25 1940-02-13 Mid States Gummed Paper Co Decalcomania
US2556078A (en) * 1945-05-18 1951-06-05 American Viscose Corp Transfer and method of coating therewith
US2635974A (en) * 1949-11-15 1953-04-21 Us Playing Card Co Decorating strip with heat activated adhesive
US2684918A (en) * 1949-10-20 1954-07-27 Us Playing Card Co Carrier-backed decorative material having a protective coating
US2746877A (en) * 1953-07-29 1956-05-22 Meyercord Co Dry release transfer and method of making the same
US2909442A (en) * 1949-07-15 1959-10-20 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transfer ribbon
US3067054A (en) * 1957-04-19 1962-12-04 Noc Chemical Arts Inc Di Transfer for decoration of plastic film

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2190405A (en) * 1938-07-25 1940-02-13 Mid States Gummed Paper Co Decalcomania
US2556078A (en) * 1945-05-18 1951-06-05 American Viscose Corp Transfer and method of coating therewith
US2909442A (en) * 1949-07-15 1959-10-20 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transfer ribbon
US2684918A (en) * 1949-10-20 1954-07-27 Us Playing Card Co Carrier-backed decorative material having a protective coating
US2635974A (en) * 1949-11-15 1953-04-21 Us Playing Card Co Decorating strip with heat activated adhesive
US2746877A (en) * 1953-07-29 1956-05-22 Meyercord Co Dry release transfer and method of making the same
US3067054A (en) * 1957-04-19 1962-12-04 Noc Chemical Arts Inc Di Transfer for decoration of plastic film

Cited By (68)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3442742A (en) * 1963-04-26 1969-05-06 Donald E Jorgensen Processes for applying printing to metal substrates
US3405833A (en) * 1963-06-10 1968-10-15 Dow Chemical Co Biaxially oriented alkenyl aromatic resinous tape having a pressure sensitive adhesive thereon
US3494776A (en) * 1965-02-08 1970-02-10 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transfer film
US3523813A (en) * 1965-09-02 1970-08-11 Willy Koller Application of a printed impression of metal powder onto articles
US3463651A (en) * 1967-09-19 1969-08-26 Rubin Warsager Multicolor surface decoration and process for producing same
US3896249A (en) * 1968-01-19 1975-07-22 Johnson Matthey Co Ltd Self-adhesive transfers
US3664913A (en) * 1968-05-31 1972-05-23 Ralph A Ratciiff Indicia applying article and method
US3869336A (en) * 1969-09-26 1975-03-04 Trentesaux Toulemonde Sa Transfer sheets for transfer printing
US3656987A (en) * 1970-01-30 1972-04-18 Ellis Ab Article for reinforcing cloth
FR2111796A1 (en) * 1970-10-23 1972-06-09 Oike Et Co Ltd
DE2222144A1 (en) * 1971-05-04 1972-11-16 Cellophane Sa Transfer process following the hot gold plating process
US3739271A (en) * 1971-07-26 1973-06-12 Weston Instruments Inc Mirrored meter scale and method of manufacture
US3718528A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-02-27 A Bergstrom Heat reflecting laminate
US3949139A (en) * 1972-02-10 1976-04-06 Avery Corporation Laminar reflective platelets and compositions and articles comprising them
US3984598A (en) * 1974-02-08 1976-10-05 Universal Oil Products Company Metal-clad laminates
US3985602A (en) * 1974-10-11 1976-10-12 Sangray Corporation Transfer process and composite sheet therefor
WO1979000103A1 (en) * 1977-08-19 1979-03-08 Stauffer Chemical Co Metallized decorative film laminate and process
FR2400431A1 (en) * 1977-08-19 1979-03-16 Stauffer Chemical Co METALLIC FILMS OR FILMS AND THEIR MANUFACTURE
DE2747241A1 (en) * 1977-10-21 1979-04-26 Helmuth Schmoock METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A LAMINATE COMBINATION
FR2406523A1 (en) * 1977-10-21 1979-05-18 Schmoock Helmuth METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A COMPLEX LAMINATE SHEET
DK152519B (en) * 1977-10-21 1988-03-07 Helmuth Schmoock Procedure for manufacturing a laminate of paper with a coat and metal layer
EP0003689A1 (en) * 1978-02-15 1979-08-22 Kenneth James Reed Dry-release transfer and method of producing such a transfer
US4326005A (en) * 1978-02-15 1982-04-20 Kenneth James Reed Dry release transfer
DE2907186A1 (en) * 1978-02-28 1979-08-30 Eurograph Holding Nv METAL COVER
US4215170A (en) * 1978-02-28 1980-07-29 Eurographics Holding, N. V. Metallization process
FR2462998A1 (en) * 1979-08-10 1981-02-20 Scheuch Folien Papier Kg Laminated films for heat-sealing containers - incorporating metallised thermoplastic film instead of metal foil
EP0062967A2 (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-10-20 Transfer Print Foils, Inc Method for producing a bright metallized foil or board
EP0062967A3 (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-12-15 Transfer Print Foils, Inc Method for producing a bright metallized foil or board
US4349402A (en) * 1980-02-08 1982-09-14 Transfer Print Foils, Inc. Method for producing a bright metalized foil or board
JPS56133160A (en) * 1980-02-15 1981-10-19 Leer Koninklijke Emballage Metallized composite structure and its manufacture
US4344998A (en) * 1980-02-15 1982-08-17 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer Metallized composite structure and a method of preparing same
EP0034392B1 (en) * 1980-02-15 1985-09-18 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V. A metallised composite structure and a process of preparing same
EP0038878A1 (en) * 1980-04-28 1981-11-04 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V. Transfer metallizing process
US4465538A (en) * 1980-08-04 1984-08-14 Helmuth Schmoock Method of making a printed circuit board
FR2491832A1 (en) * 1980-10-09 1982-04-16 Swarovski Co D DECORATIVE PADS FOR ORNAMENTAL USE, IN PARTICULAR FOR DECORATING TEXTILES
EP0050794A1 (en) * 1980-10-29 1982-05-05 Nordipa AG Transfer lacquer film and method of making it
US4473422A (en) * 1981-03-11 1984-09-25 Transfer Print Foils, Inc. Metalized paper or board product and method of preparation
WO1983001418A1 (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-04-28 Dennison Mfg Co Metallization of support members
US4382831A (en) * 1981-10-21 1983-05-10 Dennison Manufacturing Company Metallization of support members
US4454188A (en) * 1982-01-08 1984-06-12 Congoleum Corporation High reflectivity in flooring and other products
US4483732A (en) * 1983-08-04 1984-11-20 Congoleum Corporation Process for preparing high reflectivity decorative surface coverings
US4902546A (en) * 1986-04-16 1990-02-20 Dennison Manufacturing Company Transfer metallization laminate
US4892602A (en) * 1986-08-19 1990-01-09 Oike Industrial Co., Ltd. Heat-sensitive transfer medium
US4875961A (en) * 1986-10-07 1989-10-24 Oike Industrial Co., Ltd. Heat-sensitive transfer medium
US4857401A (en) * 1987-06-15 1989-08-15 Sieverding David L Decorative foils and decals
WO1990015724A1 (en) * 1989-06-15 1990-12-27 Pierson David G Metallic leaf laminate and method for the automated production of metallic leaf signage
US5310222A (en) * 1989-10-26 1994-05-10 De La Rue Holographics Limited Optical device
US5391247A (en) * 1992-01-24 1995-02-21 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Hot stamping glass
US5487927A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-01-30 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Decorating method and products
US5520973A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-05-28 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Decorating method and products
US5571359A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-11-05 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Radiation curable pigmented compositions
US5585153A (en) * 1992-01-24 1996-12-17 Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Hot stamping glass
US5489355A (en) * 1992-04-14 1996-02-06 Dai Nippon Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha Method for producing glittering decorative boards
US5853121A (en) * 1997-08-05 1998-12-29 Laminating Technologies, Inc. Insulated chest
EP0972656A2 (en) * 1998-07-15 2000-01-19 Fritz Borsi Kg Process for local selective coating of a transparent support plate with a metallic film by etching, layered composite obtainable by this process and embossed sheet used in the process
EP0972656A3 (en) * 1998-07-15 2000-08-23 Fritz Borsi Kg Process for local selective coating of a transparent support plate with a metallic film by etching, layered composite obtainable by this process and embossed sheet used in the process
GB2343864A (en) * 1998-11-20 2000-05-24 Agra Vadeko Inc Security thread
US6447630B1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2002-09-10 Agra Vadeko Inc. Security thread and method and apparatus for applying same to a substrate
GB2343864B (en) * 1998-11-20 2003-07-16 Agra Vadeko Inc Improved security thread and method and apparatus for applying same to a substrate
FR2816243A1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-10 Francois Trantoul Dry metallic transfer for cold transfer of a design onto a surface includes intermediate varnish layer retaining the metallic portion of the design
US6993830B2 (en) 2001-11-16 2006-02-07 Polymatech Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a key top for a push-button switch
EP1313118A1 (en) * 2001-11-16 2003-05-21 Polymatech Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a key top for a push-button switch
US6818269B2 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-11-16 Dot Packaging Group, Inc. Metallic board
US20060073299A1 (en) * 2004-10-04 2006-04-06 Edward Killey Method for forming a metallic appearance on the sides of memo pads
US20120091625A1 (en) * 2009-03-23 2012-04-19 Paolo Peruzza Film for production of composite material artefacts, production method of said film and production method of composite material artefacts using said film
US20130029164A1 (en) * 2010-04-13 2013-01-31 Wavelock Advanced Technology Co., Ltd. Metallic decoration sheet, method of making the same, and resin molded product
FR2962068A1 (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-01-06 Airlessystems Method for decorating e.g. bottle containing fluid product in perfumery field, involves applying translucent material layer to part of sheet to view metallized layer through material layer to confer color shade on metallized layer
WO2017000002A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-05 Kisling Andreas Method for producing a decorative element

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3235395A (en) Transfers for metallic coatings
US4012552A (en) Decorative metal film heat transfer decalcomania
US5773112A (en) Label with a metallic layer of controlled thickness
US3589962A (en) Metallization of fabrics
CA2223690A1 (en) Extrusion coating process for making protective and decorative films
JP5296059B2 (en) Transfer sheet with excellent stereoscopic effect
JP3955599B2 (en) Transfer sheet for mat hard coat and method for producing mat hard coat molded product
US3708320A (en) Transfers
US2974055A (en) Lustrous fabrics and methods of producing same
US4153494A (en) Process for obtaining brightly metallized surfaces
US4687680A (en) Stamping foil
JPH08103982A (en) Lustrous decorative sheet
JPH0615234B2 (en) Laminate with iris pattern and method of manufacturing the same
US3698930A (en) Process for the preparation of iridescent films and filaments and the product so produced
JP3003034B1 (en) Picture sheet
US2061678A (en) Composite film and picture and method of producing them
US3255035A (en) Tin oxide coating
US5888623A (en) Sanitary article or plumbing fitting with a coated surface and a print image applied thereto and a process for making the same
US3895130A (en) Method of manufacturing pressure sensitive imaging materials
JPH0825789A (en) Transfer sheet
JP2961163B2 (en) Iris transfer material
JPH09327843A (en) Production of molded product having uneven surface
JPH0768997A (en) Surfacing product and manufacture thereof
CA1176553A (en) Method for producing a bright metalized foil or board
JP2826735B2 (en) Transfer foil