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Gas burner

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Publication number
US3227202A
US3227202A US35083564A US3227202A US 3227202 A US3227202 A US 3227202A US 35083564 A US35083564 A US 35083564A US 3227202 A US3227202 A US 3227202A
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Prior art keywords
air
combustion
chamber
burner
nozzle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Lemuel J Morgan
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PATTERSON KELLEY CO
PATTERSON-KELLEY Co Inc
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PATTERSON KELLEY CO
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/34Burners specially adapted for use with means for pressurising the gaseous fuel or the combustion air
    • F23D14/36Burners specially adapted for use with means for pressurising the gaseous fuel or the combustion air in which the compressor and burner form a single unit

Description

Jan. 4, 1966 L. J. MORGAN GAS BURNER 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 10, 1964 I NVEN TOR.

BY LEMUEL J. MORGAN I @M 6m ATTORNEY-5 Jan. 4, 1966 L. J. MORGAN GAS BURNER 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 10, 1964 IN VENTOR.

LEMUEL J. MORGAN BY A TTOPNEYS Jan. 4, 1966 J. MORGAN 3,227,202

GAS BURNER Filed March 10, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.

LEMUEL J. MORGAN A 7" TORNEYS United States Patent 3,227,202. GAS BURNER Lemuel J. Morgan, Stmudsburg, Pa., assiguor to The Patterson-Kelley Co. Inc., East Strourlsburg, Pa.

Filed Mar. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 350,835 2 Claims. (Cl. 158-7) rangement in gas-fired combustion devices, such as water heating apparatus, furnaces or the like.

Another object is to provide an improved gas burner as aforesaid providing increased fuel combustion efii ciencies,

Another object is to provide an improved arrangement as aforesaid having improved flame-holding characteristics, thereby minimizing possibility of flame out service interruptions.

Still another object is to provide. for a burner arrange ment as aforesaid an improved supervisory control system.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following specification and the accompanying drawing, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a gas burner arrangement of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional -view' thereof taken as suggested by lines 22 of FIGS. 1 and 4;

FIG. 3 isa sectionalview taken on line. 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view corresponding to a portion of FIG. 2 but showing a modified form of burner arrangement of. the invention; and

FIG. 6 is a sectionalview taken on line 66 of FIG. 5.

As shown by way of example in the drawing herewith, the invention may be embodied in a water heater including a water storage tank or casing 10. The burner component of the invention is illustrated byway of example to generally include a combustion chamber portion 12; a gas-air mixing and inlet nozzle14; and an air supply fan-duct arrangement as indicated at 16 Accessorygas control, pilot, ignition, and duct control damper devices, and the like are also shown; as will be described and explained more fully hereinafter.

As shown herein, the fuel combustion chamberportion of the device comprises a cylindrical shell 20 having a flange bolted as indicated at 22 to a face plate 24 and carrying therewithin a ceramic lining 25. The shell face plate and ceramic lining are formed to provide a central bore into which fits one end of the burner nozzle 14 which.

communicates at its other end with the interior of a snail-shell shaped end portion 26 of the air supply housing which is indicated generally at 16. This housing also includes an intermediate conduit portion 28 and a second snail-shell shaped lower end portion 29 having an air inlet opening in communication with an air supply conduit 30. The shell portion 29 of the housing encloses a radial blower type fan 32 which operatesto pump air through the conduit portion 28 and-in a swirling pattern into the burner nozzle 14 and therethrough into the combustion chamber portion as outlined by the ceramic lining 25.

The burner nozzle is enclosed by a gas supply cuff or manifold 34 into which the fuel gas is supplied as by means of a supply conduit 36 (FIGS. 1,4); The nozzle member 14 is perforated as shown at 38 (FIGS. 1, 2, 5) v to discharge the gas in peripherally dispersed manner Patented Jan. 4, 1966 through the wall of the nozzle 14 into the air stream swirling therethrough, and thence into the combustion chamber. As shown in FIGS. 5, 6, if it is desired to augment the. swirling (and therefore thorough mixing) movement of air. and gas through the nozzle and into the combustion chamber, a helical vane device such as shown at 40 may be disposed inside the nozzle. In any case, in accord with the arrangement of the invention the air-gas mixture is discharged into the combustion chamber in a helically swirling path as indicated by the flow direction indicating arrows of the drawing.

It is a particular feature of the present'invention that the nozzle 14 discharges the swirling air-gas mixture into a sectionally larger combustion chamben'whereby an annular eddy current producing shoulder is provided around the entrance into the combustion chamber as indicated at 42. This induces development of a ring of side-tracked burning fuel all around the incoming gas-air stream, thereby establishing a toroidal-shaped body of flame inside the annular cave which surrounds the entrance to the combustion chamber. This insures ignition of the fuel-air mixture passing therethrough and holding of the flame at the entrance to the combustion chamber; thereby preventing flame-outs and insuring the holding of the lame within the prescribed combustion range. Also, this fuel transmission system provides optimum homogenization and molecular dispersion of the gas-air components, whereby maximum combustion efiiciencies are effected. If it is desired to augment the combustion-efiicient eddy current pattern of gas-air flow into the combustion chamber, a streamlined baffle or core bulb as indicated at 44 (FIGS. l-4) may be employed to prevent straightthrough passage of a gas-air stream at the center of the nozzle and/or'the combustion chamber. 7

Suitable accessories will of course be employed in conjunction with the mechanism hereinabove described. For example, an igniter device as indicated at may be provided for starting the combustion cyle, and a supervisory control will of course be employed to control the starting operation and to insure cut-oif of gas flow in event of flame-out or other functional failure. For example, a flame-rod or thermionic sensor as indicated at 52 may be employed in conjunction with a suitable pilot and water temperature sensing and regulating system.

. thermostat calls for more heat) the blower 32 will first be energized to start pumping air through the housing 16 and the nozzle 14 into the combustion chamber. The time delay device will, after a preset interval, energize the pilot gas supply device and the igniter. An air bleed line may be arranged to lead from the housing 16 to supply air to the pilot device as indicated at 54 (FIG. 4). Then when the flame rod 52 detects a combustion condition as a result of the pilot flame operation at the throat of the nozzle 14, it will operate the main gas supply control valve to permit gas to flow into the manifold 34 and thence into the nozzle for mixing with the air passing into the furnace.

Thus it will be appreciated that by virtue of the arrangement of the present invention the air supply is delivered into and through the burner nozzle in the form of a helically swirling column of air. Then when it passes the perimetral shoulder formed by the juncture of the relatively smaller diameter nozzle and the larger diameter combustion chamber, it expands into the annular cave or recess formed by the shoulder and establishes therein an annular mass of burning fuel surrounding the main body of the air-fuel mixture passing into the combustion chamber. This annular mass of burning fuel not only continues to swirl helically, but it is also interiorly swirling as seen in side view due to the imposed eddy current effect, as illustrated by the directional arrows of FIGS. 2 and 5 of the drawing herewith. Hence, a superior blending of the fuel-air ingredients is achieved, thereby providing a superior flame-holding device disposed in intimate association with the body of the fuel-air mixture passing into the combustion chamber.

It will of course be appreciated that although only a few forms of the invention have been illustrated and described herein, various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. A fuel-air combustion device comprising, in combination,

an air supply housing including a pair of end portions, each having a pair of generally parallel side walls joined by curved wall means defining a scroll-like chamber having a tangential opening, a conduit joining said end portions at their tangential openings, one of said end portions having an air intake opening in one side wall thereof, a fan in said one end portion for inducting air through said air intakke opening for discharge through said conduit tangentially having an air discharge opening disposed in one side wall thereof, a cylindrical burner nozzle connected to said one side wall of said other end portion at the air discharge opening therein,

a combustion chamber axially aligned with said burner nozzle and having an end wall provided with an opening; said burner nozzle projecting into said combustion chamber through said end wall opening thereof and said combustion chamber being of greater diameter at said end wall than said burner nozzle to provide an annular cave surrounding the corresponding end of said burner nozzle,

means for introducing fuel circumferentially around said burner nozzle in that portion of the burner nozzle between said air supply housing and said combustion chamber and a streamlined bulbous baffie device disposed centrally within said burner nozzle adjacent the opening in said end wall of the combustion chamber and having its smaller end extending into said combustion chamber, said fuel introducing means comprising a cuff surrounding said burner nozzle, a fuel inlet conduit discharging into said cuff, and said burner nozzle having a series of openings within the confines of said cufI" and adjacent said bafiie device.

2. A fuel-air combustion device comprising, in combination,

an air supply housing including an air delivery chamber having a pair of generally parallel side walls joined by curved Wall means defining therewith a scroll-like chamber having a tangential inlet opening,

means for forcing air into said air delivery chamber through the inlet opening thereof,

a combustion chamber having an end Wall disposed in spaced, opposed relation to one side wall of said air delivery chamber, said combustion chamber being of circular section and said end wall having a circular opening of smaller diameter than the combustion chamber to provide an annular cave surrounding such opening,

said air delivery chamber having an opening in one side wall thereof aligned with said opening in the end wall of said combustion chamber,

a cylindrical burner nozzle connected to said one side Wall and projecting into said combustion chamber through said end wall opening thereof to define a passage leading from said opening in the side wall of said air delivery chamber to said combustion chamber,

means for delivering fuel circumferentially around said burner nozzle between said air delivery chamber and said combustion chamber, and a streamlined bulbous bafiie device disposed centrally within said burner nozzle adjacent the opening in said end wall of the combustion chamber and having its smaller end extending into said combustion chamber, said fuel introducing means comprising a cuff surrounding said burner nozzle, a fuel inlet conduit discharging into said cuff, and said burner nozzle having a series of openings within the confines of said cuff and adjacent said baffie device.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS 5/1936 Australia.

FREDERICK L. MATTESON, JR., Primary Examiner.

MEYER PERLIN, JAMES W. WESTHAVER,

Examiners.

Claims (1)

1. A FUEL-AIR COMBUSTION DEVICE COMPRISING, IN COMBINATION, AN AIR SUPPLY HOUSING INCLUDING A PAIR OF END PORTIONS, EACH HAVING A PAIR OF GENERALLY PARALLEL SIDE WALLS JOINED BY CURVED WALL MEANS DEFINING A SCROLL-LIKE CHAMBER HAVING A TANGENTIAL OPENING, A CONDUIT JOINING SAID END PORTIONS AT THEIR TANGENTIAL OPENINGS, ONE OF SAID END PORTIONS HAVING AN AIR INTAKE OPENING IN ONE SIDE WALL THEREOF, A FAN IN SAID ONE END PORTION FOR INDUCTING AIR THROUGH SAID AIR INTAKE OPENING FOR DISCHARGE THROUGH SAID CONDUIT TANGENTIALLY HAVING AN AIR DISCHARGE OPENING DISPOSED IN ONE SIDE WALL THEREOF, A CYLINDRICAL BURNER NOZZLE CONNECTED TO SAID ONE SIDE WALL OF SAID OTHER END PORTION AT THE AIR DISCHARGE OPENING THEREIN, A COMBUSTION CHAMBER AXIALLY ALIGNED WITH SAID BURNER NOZZLE AND HAVING AN END WALL PROVIDED WITH AN OPENING; SAID BURNER NOZZLE PROJECTING INTO SAID COMBUSTION CHAMBER THROUGH SAID END WALL OPENING
US3227202A 1964-03-10 1964-03-10 Gas burner Expired - Lifetime US3227202A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3419339A (en) * 1967-02-08 1968-12-31 Hauck Mfg Co Inspirator assembly
US3469929A (en) * 1967-12-20 1969-09-30 Junkers & Co Pulse jet burner
US3732070A (en) * 1971-03-31 1973-05-08 Koppers Co Inc Burner
US3834854A (en) * 1972-11-02 1974-09-10 Phillips Petroleum Co Method and apparatus for charging a burner
US3918885A (en) * 1972-03-15 1975-11-11 Bjorn Olov Magnus Palm Apparatus for reducing the dynamic pressure of combustion air at the burner head of an oil burning appliance
US4298337A (en) * 1979-04-23 1981-11-03 Mechtron International Corporation Fuel burner having flame stabilization by internal recirculation
DE3024655A1 (en) * 1980-06-30 1982-01-21 Broetje August Gmbh & Co Gas burner with fan - has fuel pipe connected to second burner tube section, forming mixing head
US4316580A (en) * 1979-07-13 1982-02-23 Sontek Industries, Inc. Apparatus for fragmenting fluid fuel to enhance exothermic reactions
US4347983A (en) * 1979-01-19 1982-09-07 Sontek Industries, Inc. Hyperbolic frequency modulation related to aero/hydrodynamic flow systems
US4373325A (en) * 1980-03-07 1983-02-15 International Harvester Company Combustors
US4443182A (en) * 1981-11-10 1984-04-17 Hauck Manufacturing Company Burner and method
US4470262A (en) * 1980-03-07 1984-09-11 Solar Turbines, Incorporated Combustors
US5407347A (en) * 1993-07-16 1995-04-18 Radian Corporation Apparatus and method for reducing NOx, CO and hydrocarbon emissions when burning gaseous fuels
US5470224A (en) * 1993-07-16 1995-11-28 Radian Corporation Apparatus and method for reducing NOx , CO and hydrocarbon emissions when burning gaseous fuels
US5538340A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-07-23 Gencor Industries, Inc. Counterflow drum mixer for making asphaltic concrete and methods of operation
US6435862B1 (en) * 2000-08-29 2002-08-20 Aerco International, Inc. Modulating fuel gas burner
US20050227195A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2005-10-13 George Kenneth R Combustion burner assembly having low oxides of nitrogen emission
US20080178860A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Bernd Schwank Radiant tube heater
US20090081601A1 (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-26 United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Flame Holder System
US20090241943A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Schwank Ltd. Pitot tube pressure sensor for radiant tube heater
US20090241942A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Schwank Ltd. Radiant tube heater and burner assembly for use therein
US7824178B1 (en) * 2008-02-12 2010-11-02 Lochinvar Corporation Air transfer arm for boiler

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2389027A (en) * 1943-03-13 1945-11-13 Fred A Corbin Heating furnace and burner therefor
US2806517A (en) * 1950-11-16 1957-09-17 Shell Dev Oil atomizing double vortex burner
US2818109A (en) * 1953-06-22 1957-12-31 Temple S Voorheis Variable load burner construction
US2986206A (en) * 1957-02-28 1961-05-30 Shell Oil Co Combustion device for liquid fuel
US3115180A (en) * 1959-09-21 1963-12-24 Gen Controls Co Remote reset safety control for gaseous fuel burners
US3153438A (en) * 1961-04-17 1964-10-20 Witold B Brzozowski Dual fuel burner

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2389027A (en) * 1943-03-13 1945-11-13 Fred A Corbin Heating furnace and burner therefor
US2806517A (en) * 1950-11-16 1957-09-17 Shell Dev Oil atomizing double vortex burner
US2818109A (en) * 1953-06-22 1957-12-31 Temple S Voorheis Variable load burner construction
US2986206A (en) * 1957-02-28 1961-05-30 Shell Oil Co Combustion device for liquid fuel
US3115180A (en) * 1959-09-21 1963-12-24 Gen Controls Co Remote reset safety control for gaseous fuel burners
US3153438A (en) * 1961-04-17 1964-10-20 Witold B Brzozowski Dual fuel burner

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3419339A (en) * 1967-02-08 1968-12-31 Hauck Mfg Co Inspirator assembly
US3469929A (en) * 1967-12-20 1969-09-30 Junkers & Co Pulse jet burner
US3732070A (en) * 1971-03-31 1973-05-08 Koppers Co Inc Burner
US3918885A (en) * 1972-03-15 1975-11-11 Bjorn Olov Magnus Palm Apparatus for reducing the dynamic pressure of combustion air at the burner head of an oil burning appliance
US3834854A (en) * 1972-11-02 1974-09-10 Phillips Petroleum Co Method and apparatus for charging a burner
US4347983A (en) * 1979-01-19 1982-09-07 Sontek Industries, Inc. Hyperbolic frequency modulation related to aero/hydrodynamic flow systems
US4298337A (en) * 1979-04-23 1981-11-03 Mechtron International Corporation Fuel burner having flame stabilization by internal recirculation
US4316580A (en) * 1979-07-13 1982-02-23 Sontek Industries, Inc. Apparatus for fragmenting fluid fuel to enhance exothermic reactions
US4470262A (en) * 1980-03-07 1984-09-11 Solar Turbines, Incorporated Combustors
US4373325A (en) * 1980-03-07 1983-02-15 International Harvester Company Combustors
DE3024655A1 (en) * 1980-06-30 1982-01-21 Broetje August Gmbh & Co Gas burner with fan - has fuel pipe connected to second burner tube section, forming mixing head
US4443182A (en) * 1981-11-10 1984-04-17 Hauck Manufacturing Company Burner and method
US5407347A (en) * 1993-07-16 1995-04-18 Radian Corporation Apparatus and method for reducing NOx, CO and hydrocarbon emissions when burning gaseous fuels
US5470224A (en) * 1993-07-16 1995-11-28 Radian Corporation Apparatus and method for reducing NOx , CO and hydrocarbon emissions when burning gaseous fuels
US5538340A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-07-23 Gencor Industries, Inc. Counterflow drum mixer for making asphaltic concrete and methods of operation
US6435862B1 (en) * 2000-08-29 2002-08-20 Aerco International, Inc. Modulating fuel gas burner
US20050227195A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2005-10-13 George Kenneth R Combustion burner assembly having low oxides of nitrogen emission
US20080178860A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-07-31 Bernd Schwank Radiant tube heater
US7913683B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2011-03-29 Schwank Ltd. Radiant tube heater
US20090081601A1 (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-26 United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Flame Holder System
US8529249B2 (en) * 2007-09-25 2013-09-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Flame holder system
US7824178B1 (en) * 2008-02-12 2010-11-02 Lochinvar Corporation Air transfer arm for boiler
US20090241943A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Schwank Ltd. Pitot tube pressure sensor for radiant tube heater
US20090241942A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Schwank Ltd. Radiant tube heater and burner assembly for use therein
US7874835B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2011-01-25 Schwank Ltd. Radiant tube heater and burner assembly for use therein
US9080773B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2015-07-14 Schwank Ltd. Pitot tube pressure sensor for radiant tube heater

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