US3220508A - Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members - Google Patents

Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3220508A
US3220508A US14435561A US3220508A US 3220508 A US3220508 A US 3220508A US 14435561 A US14435561 A US 14435561A US 3220508 A US3220508 A US 3220508A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
cover
shell element
element
flange
side walls
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Carl E Nordquest
Marvin O Ross
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Motors Liquidation Co
Original Assignee
Motors Liquidation Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/18Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly
    • F01N13/1838Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly characterised by the type of connection between parts of exhaust or silencing apparatus, e.g. between housing and tubes, between tubes and baffles
    • F01N13/1844Mechanical joints
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/16Selection of particular materials
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/18Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly
    • F01N13/1838Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly characterised by the type of connection between parts of exhaust or silencing apparatus, e.g. between housing and tubes, between tubes and baffles
    • F01N13/1844Mechanical joints
    • F01N13/185Mechanical joints the connection being realised by deforming housing, tube, baffle, plate, or parts thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/18Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly
    • F01N13/1888Construction facilitating manufacture, assembly, or disassembly the housing of the assembly consisting of two or more parts, e.g. two half-shells
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2310/00Selection of sound absorbing or insulating material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2310/00Selection of sound absorbing or insulating material
    • F01N2310/02Mineral wool, e.g. glass wool, rock wool, asbestos or the like
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2450/00Methods or apparatus for fitting, inserting or repairing different elements
    • F01N2450/20Methods or apparatus for fitting, inserting or repairing different elements by mechanical joints, e.g. by deforming housing, tube, baffle plate or parts thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2450/00Methods or apparatus for fitting, inserting or repairing different elements
    • F01N2450/22Methods or apparatus for fitting, inserting or repairing different elements by welding or brazing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2470/00Structure or shape of gas passages, pipes or tubes
    • F01N2470/02Tubes being perforated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2470/00Structure or shape of gas passages, pipes or tubes
    • F01N2470/06Tubes being formed by assembly of stamped or otherwise deformed sheet-metal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2470/00Structure or shape of gas passages, pipes or tubes
    • F01N2470/10Tubes having non-circular cross section
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2490/00Structure, disposition or shape of gas-chambers
    • F01N2490/02Two or more expansion chambers in series connected by means of tubes
    • F01N2490/06Two or more expansion chambers in series connected by means of tubes the gases flowing longitudinally from inlet to outlet in opposite directions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2510/00Surface coverings
    • F01N2510/08Surface coverings for corrosion prevention
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2530/00Selection of materials for tubes, chambers or housings
    • F01N2530/02Corrosion resistive metals
    • F01N2530/04Steel alloys, e.g. stainless steel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2530/00Selection of materials for tubes, chambers or housings
    • F01N2530/26Multi-layered walls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49398Muffler, manifold or exhaust pipe making
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49885Assembling or joining with coating before or during assembling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49915Overedge assembling of seated part
    • Y10T29/49922Overedge assembling of seated part by bending over projecting prongs

Description

Nov. 30, 1965 c. E. NORDQUEST ETAL 3,

MUFFLER WITH INTERLOCKED CASING AND BAFFLE MEMBERS Filed Oct. 11,1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Z4 INVENTORS Car) 4. Fordouesl 1?. mam 1'22 0. Ross BY w am?%' 7715 IR A ORA i) 3 1 c. E. NORDQUEST ETAL 3,220,508

MUFFLER WITH INTERLOCKED CASING AND BAFFLE MEMBERS Filed 00tll, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD DDDD V- 3 1965 c. E. NORDQUEST EI'AL 3,

MUFFLER WITH INTERLOCKED CASING AND BAFFLE MEMBERS Filed Oct. 11, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 w INVENTORS Car) [2 para'auesz 46 %4 man/i2? 0. Ross /34 ZM I 3 1965 c. E. NORDQUEST ETAL 3,

MUFFLER WITH INTERLOCKED CASING AND BAFFLE MEMBERS Filed 001;. 11, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.

v Ky e sww M m r W A m k V n a w w a My 7 a United States Patent 3,220,508 MUFFLER WITH INTERLOCKED CASING AND BAFFLE MEMBERS Carl E. Nordquest and Marvin 0. Ross, Dayton, Ohio, assignors to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 11, 1961, Ser. No. 144,355 10 Claims. (Cl. 18161) This invention relates to mufilers and to the method of making mufflers for use on automobiles and the like.

It is an object of this invention to construct a muffler that the parts can be coated with porcelain and inspected for imperfections in the porcelain coating prior to final assembly.

A further object of this invention is to provide a basic mufiler design which makes it possible to utilize identical basic parts in constructing a large number of different mufilers capable of mufiling a wide range of noise frequencies.

Another object of this invention is to provide a mufiler construction in which parts of the muffler are coated with porcelain prior to final assembly and in which chipping of the porcelain within the muffler during final assembly is avoided.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a two-part muffler having a flanged joint in which the angle of the flange reduces the tendency for splitting open the seam in the event of a backfire.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein preferred embodiments of the present invention are clearly shown.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical sectional view taken substan tially on line 1-1 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the bottom half of the muffler showing the sound attenuating baflles in place.

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2 showing the construction of the bottom portion of the muffler housing.

FIGURE 4 is a side elevational view showing one of the sound attenuating baffles.

FIGURE 5 is an end View of the same baflle.

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view showing the details of construction of one of the tabs on the bafiles.

' FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 7-7 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 8 is a plan view of the mufiler cover.

FIGURE 9 is a sectional view of the cover taken substantially on line 99 of FIGURE 8 showing the cover prior to its attachment to the mufiler housing.

Referring now to the drawings wherein a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown, reference numeral 10 designates the bottom portion of a two part muffier housing. This bottom portion is in the form of a drawn shell element having a peripheral flange 12 which form an acute angle of approximately seventy-five degrees with the side wall of the drawn shell element 10. The open side 'of the drawn shell element 10 is closed by means of a cover element 14 having a flange portion 16 which is wrapped around the flange 12, as best shown in FIGURE 1 of the drawings. By virtue of this angular relationship, the tendency for the muffler to split open at the seam in case of a backfire is greatly reduced.

A plurality of baffles 20, 22, 24 and 26 are disposed within the, drawn shell element 10, as best shown in FIGURE 2 of the drawings. The number of baffles and the spacing of the baffles can be varied to meet the re- 7 Patented Nov. 30, 1965 quirements of any given engine exhaust system. The side walls of the drawn shell 10 are provided with a plurality of corrugations or guide slots 28 which serve to position the baffles. The edges of the bafiles are also spot welded to the sides and bottom of the shell element 10 so as to be held firmly in place. Since each muffier must be designed to match a given internal combustion engine and since minor changes in the design of an internal combustion engine materially effect the muffler construction required for properly muflling the noises generated by the engine, it is important to provide means for varying the construction and arrangement of the baffles within the main muffler housing without the need for making any major changes in the muffier. In the ar rangement shown in the drawings, the corrugations 28 serve as a convenient means for positioning the transversely extending baffles in any one of many different locations with the result that the same drawn shell can be used in conjunction with a large number of different engine designs. With this construction the same basic tools can be used in manufacturing a large number of different mufller designs;

Various muffler tubes 30, 32, 34 and 36 are disposed within the main muflier body and each of these tubes has its one end permanently secured to one of the transverse extending bafiles. Thus, tube 34, for example, has its one end secured to the baffle 24. The tube 30 has its one end secured to the baffle 20 and has its other end merely extending into a flange portion 38 formed on the baffle 22 but does not need to be secured to the baffle 22. The tube assembly 36 is permanently secured to one of the baffles, such as the baffle 24, and projects freely through openings in the other baffles through which it projects. By virtue of this arrangement, it is readily apparent that the locations of the baffles 20, 22, 24 and 26 can be varied considerably without changing the construction of these bafiles and without changing the construction of the drawn shell element 10. It is recognized that the length of the tubes 30, 32, 34 and 36 may have to be varied for different engine designs but this can be done without requiring any major tool changes.

As best shown in FIGURES 7 and 8, the cover element 14 is provided with a plurality of apertures 40 which are adapted to receive projecting tab elements 42 formed adjacent the one edge of each of the transversely extending baffles 20, 22, 24 and 26. FIGURES 4 and 6 show how the ends of the tab elements 42 are beveled at 44 and 46 so as to facilitate assembly of the cover 14 onto the tabs 42. Each tab is reduced in thickness by score lines as indicated at 47 whereby the tabs can be bent at this point without injury to the main porcelain coating which is applied to the mufller parts after the baffles have been secured in place but before the cover 14 is attached to the bottom shell or housing element 10.

It has been found desirable to porcelain coat all portions of the muffler which are exposed to the products of combustion. While it is recognized that it is old to use porcelain to coat the interior surfaces of a muffler, the big problem has been that of providing a satisfactory mufiier construction and enameling technique which will insure complete coating of all of the mufller parts. The complicated nature of the internal mufiler passages and chambers makes it very difficult, if not impossible, to properly coat the interior of the mufiier with porcelain after the muffler has been closed. It has been customary to pour the ingredients for the porcelain coating into the interior of a completely assembled muffler and to slosh it around in an attempt to coat all of the complex internal surfaces of the mufller but it has proven to be very difficult and impractical to completely cover all of the internal surfaces.

In applicants mufiier construction, the porcelain coating is applied to the bottom portion of the mufller housing after the baffles have been assembled therein but before the cover 14 is placed thereon. This not only makes it possible to better coat the interior surfaces of the element and the various baffles disposed therein but it also makes it possible to inspect the porcelain job before the cover 14 is assembled onto the drawn shell portion 10. The cover 14 is also coated with porcelain before it is fastened in place. After the parts have thus been coated with porcelain, the cover 14 is secured to the main housing element 10 by bending the tabs 42 along the score lines 47 and by bending the flange 16 of the cover around the flange 12 of the main housing or shell 10. Adjacent tabs are preferably bent in alternate directions. As best shown in FIGURE 7 of the drawings, a strip of asbestos 50 and a metal strip 52 are arranged over the row of perforations through which the tabs 42 project. The score lines 47 limit the area over which the porcelain coating is damaged when the tabs 42 are bent. Since these tabs 42 extend through the cover element 49, the asbestos strip 50 and the metal strip 52, it is obvious that no part of the associated battle which is located within the rnufller chamber has any damage done to the porcelain. Since that portion of the tabs which projects to the outside of the muffler housing are disposed on the top side of the muffler, they are largely protected from the elements which would tend to cause destructive rusting. In order to further protect the tabs from damage, a coating 54 of silicon powder and water glass is sprayed onto the top surface of the muifler.

The bottom surface of the muflier housing element 10 is protected from damage by gravel, etc., which might be thrown against the muffler by means of a stainless cover 64) which is provided with a flange construction 62 adjacent its upper edge which is wrapped around the flanged joint formed between the cover element 14 and the housing element It), as best shown in FIGURE 1 of the drawings. An intermediate layer of asbestos 63 is disposed between the housing element 10 and the stainless steel cover so as to insulate the cover 6t) from the housing element 10. Sealing compound 64 is provided at the edge of the flange 62 so as to prevent moisture from entering the space between the cover 60 and the housing element 10. This sealing compound can be any well known heat resistant sealing material, such as a silicon sealing compound.

While the embodiments of the present invention as herein disclosed constitute preferred forms, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.

What is claimed is as follows:

1. A muflier for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine including a shell construction having a first drawn shell element with side walls and a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange adjacent its open end, said flange being arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having a flange portion interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baflles disposed in said shell element in spaced relationship to one another, baflle positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and holding said bafiies in any one of a number of possible positions, means for securing said baflles to said drawn shell element, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baffles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baffles, a plurality of tubular members arranged in staggered relationship within said drawn shell element, each of said tubular members being secured to one of said baflles, certain of said tubular members extending through an aperture in a second of said baflles.

2. A muflier for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine comprising in combination, a

dished out housing element with side walls, a cover for said housing element, said housing element having a peripheral flange adjacent its open side, said flange being arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said housing element, said cover having a flange portion interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baflles disposed in said housing element in spaced relationship to one another, baflle positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said housing element for receiving and holding said battles in any one of a number of possible positions, means securing said baffles to said housing element, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baffles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baifles, a plurality of tubular baflle members arranged in staggered relationship within said housing element, each of said tubular members being secured to a baflie, certain of said tubular members extending through an aperture in a second of said baffles.

3. A mufiler for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine including a shell construction having a first drawn shell element with side walls and a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange adjacent its open side, said flange being arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having a flange portion interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baflles disposed in said shell element in spaced relationship to one another, bafile positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and holding said bafiles in any one of a number of possible positions, means securing said batfles to said drawn shell element, said cover and said bafiles having interlocking parts thereon whereby said cover is held in assembled relationship relative to said drawn shell element and said baffles, a plurality of tubular members arranged in staggered relationship within said drawn shell element, each of said tubular members being secured to only one of said bafi'les, certain of said tubular members extending through an aperture in a second of said bafl les.

4-. A muflier for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine including a shell construction having a first drawn shell element with side walls and a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange adjacent its open side, said flange being arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having a flange portion interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baflles disposed in said shell element in spaced relationship to one another, baflle positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and holding said baflles in any one of a number of possible positions, means securing said batfles to said drawn shell element, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baflles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baflies.

5. A mufller for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine including a shell construction having a first recessed housing element with side walls and a cover for said element, a plurality of transversely extending baffles secured within said element in spaced relationship to one another, bafi'le positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said element for receiving and holding said baflles in position, a porcelain coating on said housing element and said baflles, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baflles having projections extending through said apertures and bent over onto said cover, said projections having a reduced thickness along the line of bend so as to restrict damage to the porcelain to the line of bend.

6. A mufller including a shell construction having a first drawn shell element, a cover for said drawn shell element, a plurality of battles disposed in said shell element in spaced relationship to one another, means securing said bafiles to said drawn shell element, said shell element and said bafiles having a homogeneous porcelain coating thereon and said cover having a homogeneous porcelain coating thereon, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baflles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baflles.

7. A muffler for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine comprising in combination a first drawn shell element with side walls, a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having flange means interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baifles disposed in said shell element and secured thereto in spaced relationship to one another, baflles positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and positioning said batfles, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baffles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baflles, said drawn shell element and said baflles having a homogeneous porcelain coating thereon and said cover having a separate homogeneous porcelain coating thereon.

8. A mufller for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine comprising in combination a first drawn shell element with side walls, a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having flange means interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baflles disposed in said shell element and secured thereto in spaced relationship to one another, baffie positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and positioning said baflles, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said baflles having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baffles, said drawn shell element and said baflles having a homogeneous porcelain coating thereon and said cover having a separate homogeneous porcelain coating thereon, and means protecting the porcelain on the bottom side of said drawn shell element from foreign objects which might strike the bottom surface of said mufller.

9. A muffler for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine comprising in combination a first drawn shell element with side walls, a cover for said drawn shell element, said drawn shell element having a peripheral flange arranged at an acute angle relative to said side walls of said drawn shell element, said cover having flange means interlocking with said first named flange, a plurality of baffles disposed in said shell element and secured thereto in spaced relationship to one another, bafile positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and positioning said baflies, said cover having a plurality of apertures formed therein, said bafl'les having projections extending through said apertures and interlocking said cover and said baifles, said drawn shell element and said batfles having a homogeneous porcelain coating thereon and said cover having a separate homogeneous porcelain coating thereon, and means protecting the porcelain on the bottom side of said drawn shell element from foreign objects which might strike the bottom surface of said muflder, said last named means comprising a stainless steel covering having its upper edge arranged to cover said flange means and a layer of asbestos between said stainless steel covering and said shell element.

10. A mufller for use with the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine including a shell construction having a first drawn shell element with side walls and a cover for said drawn shell element, a plurality of baflles disposed in said shell element in spaced relationship to one another, baflle positioning grooves formed in said side walls of said shell element for receiving and holding said baflles in any one of a number of possible positions, means securing said baflles to said drawn shell element, said cover and said baflles having interlocking parts thereon whereby said cover is held in assembled relationship relative to said drawn shell element.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 360,993 4/1887 Brown 29-458 689,797 12/1901 Erwin 29-458 1,353,863 9/1920 Taber 181-61 1,688,488 10/1928 Dormeyer 181-61 2,113,828 4/1928 Compo 181-61 2,326,283 8/ 1943 Bonsall 29-458 2,391,468 12/1945 Long 117-129 2,392,247 1/ 1946 Katcher. 2,395,005 2/1946 Kuhn 181-49 2,560,290 7/ 1951 Helberg 29-513 X 2,614,715 10/ 1952 Ross 220-22 2,703,635 3/ 1955 Carlson. 2,773,502 2/1956 Van Leer et a1 29-458 2,824,619 2/ 1958 Bremer et 211. 2,834,427 5/1958 Powers et al. 181-61 2,955,733 10/ 1960 Wilson 220-22 3,016,972 1/1962 Dugas 181-56 3,031,824 5/ 1962 Court. 3,082,841 3/1963 Powers 181-35.3

FOREIGN PATENTS 1,181,590 1/1959 France.

543,880 5/ 1956 Italy.

LEO SMILOW, Primary Examiner.

ALDRICH F. MEDBERY, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A MUFFLER FOR USE WITH THE EXHAUST SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INCLUDING A SHELL CONSTRUCTION HAVING A FIRST DRAWN SHELL ELEMENT WITH SIDE WALLS AND A COVER FOR SAID DRAWN SHELL ELEMENT, SAID DRAWN SHELL ELEMENT HAVING A PERIPHERAL FLANGE ADJACENT ITS OPEN END, SAID FLANGE BEING ARRANGED AT AN ACUTE ANGLE RELATIVE TO SAID SIDE WALLS OF SAID DRAWN SHELL ELEMENT, SAID COVER HAVING A FLANGE PORTION INTERLOCKING WITH SAID FIRST NAMED FLANGE, A PLURALITY OF BAFFLES DISPOSED IN SAID SHELL ELEMENT IN SPACED RELATIONSHIP TO ONE ANOTHER, BAFFLE POSITIONING GROOVES FORMED IN SAID SIDE WALLS OF SAID SHELL ELEMENT FOR RECEIVING AND HOLDING SAID BAFFLES IN ANY ONE OF A NUMBER OF POSSIBLE POSITIONS, MEANS FOR SECURING SAID BAFFLES
US3220508A 1961-10-11 1961-10-11 Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members Expired - Lifetime US3220508A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3220508A US3220508A (en) 1961-10-11 1961-10-11 Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3220508A US3220508A (en) 1961-10-11 1961-10-11 Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members
US3262189A US3262189A (en) 1961-10-11 1964-12-30 Muffler construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3220508A true US3220508A (en) 1965-11-30

Family

ID=22508221

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3220508A Expired - Lifetime US3220508A (en) 1961-10-11 1961-10-11 Muffler with interlocked casing and baffle members

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3220508A (en)

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3513939A (en) * 1967-12-06 1970-05-26 Walker Mfg Co Exhaust gas muffler
US3638756A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-02-01 United States Steel Corp Vehicle muffler and method of assembly
WO1985001985A1 (en) * 1983-11-03 1985-05-09 Ray Taylor Flugger Compact, sound-attenuating muffler for high-performance internal combustion engine
US4796773A (en) * 1985-08-23 1989-01-10 Westerwaelder Eisenwerk Gerhard Gmbh Transport tank including slosh guard elements
US4860853A (en) * 1988-12-20 1989-08-29 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with nonplanar array of tubes
US4901815A (en) * 1988-10-18 1990-02-20 Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed mufflers
US4901816A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-02-20 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Light weight hybrid exhaust muffler
US4905791A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-03-06 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Light weight hybrid exhaust muffler and method of manufacture
US4909348A (en) * 1988-01-20 1990-03-20 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed exhaust muffler with conformal outer shell
US4928372A (en) * 1989-04-07 1990-05-29 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Process for manufacturing stamp formed mufflers
US4958701A (en) * 1990-03-26 1990-09-25 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with pocket-free baffle crease
USRE33370E (en) * 1986-11-25 1990-10-09 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler
US5004069A (en) * 1990-01-26 1991-04-02 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with transverse baffle tube
US5173577A (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-12-22 Ap Parts Manufacturing Co. Stamp formed muffler with low back pressure
US5252788A (en) * 1992-04-10 1993-10-12 Ap Parts Manufacturing Co. Stamp formed muffler with in-line expansion chamber and arcuately formed effective flow tubes
US5280142A (en) * 1991-10-18 1994-01-18 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Heat shielded exhaust system component
US5428194A (en) * 1993-10-19 1995-06-27 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Narrow width stamp formed muffler
US5448831A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-09-12 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Method of manufacturing a stamp formed muffler with hermetically sealed laminated outer shell
US5597986A (en) * 1995-02-27 1997-01-28 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with nested chambers
US5717173A (en) * 1994-03-02 1998-02-10 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Exhaust mufflers with stamp formed internal components and method of manufacture
US5816361A (en) * 1994-03-02 1998-10-06 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Exhaust mufflers with stamp formed internal components and method of manufacture
US5907904A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-06-01 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Method of manufacturing an exhaust muffler with stamp formed internal components
US5936210A (en) * 1998-01-15 1999-08-10 Maremont Exhaust Products, Inc. High performance muffler
US6341664B1 (en) 2000-01-13 2002-01-29 Goerlich's Inc. Exhaust muffler with stamp formed internal assembly
US6364054B1 (en) 2000-01-27 2002-04-02 Midas International Corporation High performance muffler
US20050155817A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2005-07-21 Jan Brand Muffler for internal combustion motor vehicles

Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US360993A (en) * 1887-04-12 William henry brown
US689797A (en) * 1900-02-27 1901-12-24 Dubuque Enameling Company Enameled army canteen and method or making same.
US1353863A (en) * 1919-12-18 1920-09-28 Emco Mfg Company Inc Muffler
US1688488A (en) * 1926-06-21 1928-10-23 Albert F Dormeyer Muffler
US2113828A (en) * 1936-05-18 1938-04-12 Robert W Compo Muffler
US2326283A (en) * 1941-03-24 1943-08-10 Standard Railway Equipment Mfg Process of manufacturing seam caps
US2391468A (en) * 1942-02-10 1945-12-25 American Porcelain Enamel Comp Method of making manifolds
US2392247A (en) * 1943-05-11 1946-01-01 Katcher Morris Muffler
US2395005A (en) * 1944-04-08 1946-02-19 Robert B Kuhn Muffler
US2560290A (en) * 1946-05-29 1951-07-10 Vernon C Helberg Headed axle or rod and method for making same
US2614715A (en) * 1948-04-07 1952-10-21 Ross Bros Ben Rhydding Ltd Container partition structure
US2703635A (en) * 1949-04-02 1955-03-08 Wisco Inc Corner construction for window frames
US2773502A (en) * 1953-12-21 1956-12-11 Arthur L Kaslow Device for treating alimentary tract
US2824619A (en) * 1955-07-18 1958-02-25 Bremer De La Wilmore Muffler
US2834427A (en) * 1953-12-22 1958-05-13 Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi Muffler having a cover and a retaining strip therefor
FR1181590A (en) * 1956-08-23 1959-06-17 Gen Electric Co Ltd Manufacturing hollow objects, in particular waveguides
US2955733A (en) * 1957-07-29 1960-10-11 Owens Illinois Glass Co Poultry box construction
US3016972A (en) * 1959-04-10 1962-01-16 Rebert J Dugas Muffler for an internal combustion engine
US3031824A (en) * 1958-04-03 1962-05-01 Benjamin F Court Engine muffler
US3082841A (en) * 1960-10-28 1963-03-26 Walker Mfg Co Muffler

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US360993A (en) * 1887-04-12 William henry brown
US689797A (en) * 1900-02-27 1901-12-24 Dubuque Enameling Company Enameled army canteen and method or making same.
US1353863A (en) * 1919-12-18 1920-09-28 Emco Mfg Company Inc Muffler
US1688488A (en) * 1926-06-21 1928-10-23 Albert F Dormeyer Muffler
US2113828A (en) * 1936-05-18 1938-04-12 Robert W Compo Muffler
US2326283A (en) * 1941-03-24 1943-08-10 Standard Railway Equipment Mfg Process of manufacturing seam caps
US2391468A (en) * 1942-02-10 1945-12-25 American Porcelain Enamel Comp Method of making manifolds
US2392247A (en) * 1943-05-11 1946-01-01 Katcher Morris Muffler
US2395005A (en) * 1944-04-08 1946-02-19 Robert B Kuhn Muffler
US2560290A (en) * 1946-05-29 1951-07-10 Vernon C Helberg Headed axle or rod and method for making same
US2614715A (en) * 1948-04-07 1952-10-21 Ross Bros Ben Rhydding Ltd Container partition structure
US2703635A (en) * 1949-04-02 1955-03-08 Wisco Inc Corner construction for window frames
US2773502A (en) * 1953-12-21 1956-12-11 Arthur L Kaslow Device for treating alimentary tract
US2834427A (en) * 1953-12-22 1958-05-13 Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi Muffler having a cover and a retaining strip therefor
US2824619A (en) * 1955-07-18 1958-02-25 Bremer De La Wilmore Muffler
FR1181590A (en) * 1956-08-23 1959-06-17 Gen Electric Co Ltd Manufacturing hollow objects, in particular waveguides
US2955733A (en) * 1957-07-29 1960-10-11 Owens Illinois Glass Co Poultry box construction
US3031824A (en) * 1958-04-03 1962-05-01 Benjamin F Court Engine muffler
US3016972A (en) * 1959-04-10 1962-01-16 Rebert J Dugas Muffler for an internal combustion engine
US3082841A (en) * 1960-10-28 1963-03-26 Walker Mfg Co Muffler

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3513939A (en) * 1967-12-06 1970-05-26 Walker Mfg Co Exhaust gas muffler
US3638756A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-02-01 United States Steel Corp Vehicle muffler and method of assembly
WO1985001985A1 (en) * 1983-11-03 1985-05-09 Ray Taylor Flugger Compact, sound-attenuating muffler for high-performance internal combustion engine
US4574914A (en) * 1983-11-03 1986-03-11 Flowmaster, Inc. Compact, sound-attenuating muffler for high-performance, internal combustion engine
JPS61501041A (en) * 1983-11-03 1986-05-22
JPH0568607B2 (en) * 1983-11-03 1993-09-29 Furoomasutaa Inc
US4796773A (en) * 1985-08-23 1989-01-10 Westerwaelder Eisenwerk Gerhard Gmbh Transport tank including slosh guard elements
USRE33370E (en) * 1986-11-25 1990-10-09 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler
US4909348A (en) * 1988-01-20 1990-03-20 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed exhaust muffler with conformal outer shell
US4901815A (en) * 1988-10-18 1990-02-20 Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed mufflers
US4860853A (en) * 1988-12-20 1989-08-29 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with nonplanar array of tubes
US4901816A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-02-20 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Light weight hybrid exhaust muffler
US4905791A (en) * 1989-01-23 1990-03-06 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Light weight hybrid exhaust muffler and method of manufacture
US4928372A (en) * 1989-04-07 1990-05-29 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Process for manufacturing stamp formed mufflers
US5004069A (en) * 1990-01-26 1991-04-02 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with transverse baffle tube
US4958701A (en) * 1990-03-26 1990-09-25 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with pocket-free baffle crease
US5173577A (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-12-22 Ap Parts Manufacturing Co. Stamp formed muffler with low back pressure
US5280142A (en) * 1991-10-18 1994-01-18 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Heat shielded exhaust system component
US5252788A (en) * 1992-04-10 1993-10-12 Ap Parts Manufacturing Co. Stamp formed muffler with in-line expansion chamber and arcuately formed effective flow tubes
US5428194A (en) * 1993-10-19 1995-06-27 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Narrow width stamp formed muffler
US5448831A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-09-12 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Method of manufacturing a stamp formed muffler with hermetically sealed laminated outer shell
US5816361A (en) * 1994-03-02 1998-10-06 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Exhaust mufflers with stamp formed internal components and method of manufacture
US5717173A (en) * 1994-03-02 1998-02-10 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Exhaust mufflers with stamp formed internal components and method of manufacture
US5597986A (en) * 1995-02-27 1997-01-28 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Stamp formed muffler with nested chambers
US5907904A (en) * 1996-03-22 1999-06-01 Ap Parts Manufacturing Company Method of manufacturing an exhaust muffler with stamp formed internal components
US5936210A (en) * 1998-01-15 1999-08-10 Maremont Exhaust Products, Inc. High performance muffler
US6341664B1 (en) 2000-01-13 2002-01-29 Goerlich's Inc. Exhaust muffler with stamp formed internal assembly
US6364054B1 (en) 2000-01-27 2002-04-02 Midas International Corporation High performance muffler
US20050155817A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2005-07-21 Jan Brand Muffler for internal combustion motor vehicles

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3176791A (en) Mufflers for marine engines
US3798006A (en) Catalytic converter for exhuast gases
US4361206A (en) Exhaust muffler including venturi tube
US6651773B1 (en) Exhaust sound attenuation and control system
US5519994A (en) Muffler with inlet pipe equalizer
US4317502A (en) Engine exhaust muffler
US4239091A (en) Muffler
US3381774A (en) Muffler with interconnected end bells and telescoped inner pipe
US4315558A (en) Bellows type exhaust tube
US5252788A (en) Stamp formed muffler with in-line expansion chamber and arcuately formed effective flow tubes
US7131514B2 (en) Noise attenuation device for a vehicle exhaust system
US2860722A (en) Silencer
US5163289A (en) Automotive exhaust system
US5448831A (en) Method of manufacturing a stamp formed muffler with hermetically sealed laminated outer shell
US5739484A (en) Exhaust muffler
US4333545A (en) Back-fire resistant lock seam for muffler shells
US3888331A (en) Power tuned wave interference silencer
US4530418A (en) Automotive exhaust system
US3404749A (en) Chain saw muffler
US20040142152A1 (en) Insulated heat shield with waved edge
US6341664B1 (en) Exhaust muffler with stamp formed internal assembly
US3584701A (en) Sound and resonance control device
US3638756A (en) Vehicle muffler and method of assembly
US4252212A (en) Muffler for combustion engines
US7127884B2 (en) Muffler with an integrated catalytic converter