US3217559A - Trigger locking means for portable electric device - Google Patents

Trigger locking means for portable electric device Download PDF

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Publication number
US3217559A
US3217559A US25276163A US3217559A US 3217559 A US3217559 A US 3217559A US 25276163 A US25276163 A US 25276163A US 3217559 A US3217559 A US 3217559A
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Prior art keywords
position
trigger
locking
housing
member
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Expired - Lifetime
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Daniel M Elligson
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Black and Decker Corp
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Black and Decker Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/20Interlocking, locking, or latching mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B45/00Hand-held or like portable drilling machines, e.g. drill guns; Equipment therefor
    • B23B45/001Housing of the drill, e.g. handgrip
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/02Bases, casings, or covers
    • H01H9/06Casing of switch constituted by a handle serving a purpose other than the actuation of the switch, e.g. by the handle of a vacuum cleaner
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/02Bases, casings, or covers
    • H01H9/06Casing of switch constituted by a handle serving a purpose other than the actuation of the switch, e.g. by the handle of a vacuum cleaner
    • H01H2009/068Casing of switch constituted by a handle serving a purpose other than the actuation of the switch, e.g. by the handle of a vacuum cleaner with switches mounted on a handlebar, e.g. for motorcycles, fork lift trucks, etc.
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20636Detents

Description

' Nov. 16, 1965 D. M. ELLIGSON 3,217,559

TRIGGER LOCKING MEANS FOR PORTABLE ELECTRIC DEVICE Filed Jan. 21, 1963 3| h I' ulh s'lhu h 22 2.2 "in H 25 26 r-:4 v 3! C Q 2e 1: 25 32 25 y 32 23 33 5.1% 27 I'll,

FIG. 5 F

LOCK OFF LOCK OFF LOCK ON LOCK ON SWITCH OFF SWITCH ON SWITCH OFF SWITCH ON 22 INVENTOR DANIEL M. ELLIGSON ATTORNEY ulation by the user.

trigger.

United States Patent 3,217,559 TRIGGER LOCKING MEANS FOR PORTABLE ELECTRIC DEVICE Daniel M. Elligson, Baltimore, Md., assignor to The Black and Decker Manufacturing Company, Towson, Md.,

a corporation of Maryland Filed Jan. 21, 1963, Ser. No. 252,761 Claims. (Cl. 74-527) The present invention relates to trigger locking means for a hand-portable power-operated device, and more particularly, to means whereby the trigger may be locked either in its on position or in its off position.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a trigger locking means for a hand-portable power-operated device, such as a portable electric drill, wherein a movable trigger member may be locked either in its on position or in its off position by means of a locking member movable transversely to the plane of movement of the trigger.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a trigger locking means that may be manipulated easily and conveniently.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a combination of a movable trigger member and a trigger locking means which is inherently rugged and reliable for extended usage, and which is compact and may be manufactured easily and economically.

In accordance with the general teachings of the present invention, there is herein illustrated and described a trigger locking means for a hand-portable power-operated device of the type having a housing and further having a pendant handle secured to the housing. A movable trigger is disposed within the housing to actuate the device, and the trigger normally has an off position in which the device is de-energized and alternately has an on position in which the device is energized. The trigger has a portion projecting below the housing and forwardly of the pendant" handle for manual manip- Resilient means, preferably disposed in the housing, biases the trigger to its off position;

.and means, including a locking member movable transversely to the plane of movement of the trigger are provided to selectively lock the trigger in either of its positions.

In accordance with the more specific teachings of the present invention, there is herein illustrated and described a hand-portable power-operated device, such as a portable electric drill, having a main motor housing and further having a movable trigger within the housing.

The trigger normally has an off position in which the provided between the locking pin and the housing, so

that the pin normally has an unlocked position and alternately has a locked position with respect to the A locking element is carried by the locking pin; and when the locking member is moved into its flocked position, the locking element cooperates with a recess formed within the trigger to thereafter prevent movement of the trigger and to lock the trigger in its off position. Moreover, when the trigger is first moved into its on position and the locking pin is subsequently moved into its locked position, the locking pin bears against an end face of the trigger to thereafter prevent 3 return movement of the trigger and to thereby lock the trigger in its on position.

ice

These and other objects of the present invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification, taken in conjunction with the enclosed drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a typical hand-portable power-operated device with which the teachings of the present invention may find more particular utility;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary portion of FIGURE 1 with part of the housing being broken away to illustrate the movable trigger in elevation and the locking pin in section;

FIGURE 3 is a section view taken along the lines 3-3 of FIGURE 2 (and turned for convenience of illustration) showing the locking pin in. its unlocked position, and further showing the respective manuallymanipulatable end portions of the sliding locking pin;

FIGURE 4 is a section view corresponding substantially to that of FIGURE 3, but illustrating the locking pin in its alternate or locked position; and

FIGURE 5 is a sequence view (partially schematic) and showing the means for locking the trigger switch either in its on position or in its off position.

With reference to FIGURE 1, there is illustrated a cordless electric drill 10 with which the teachings of the present invention may find more particular utility.

The cordless electric drill 10 is energized by means of one or more self-contained removable battery packs, each of which comprises a series of interconnected rechargeable energy cells. The drill 10 is the subject of ,the pending Riley et al. application S.N. 177,316, filed March 5, 1962, entitled Heavy-Duty Industrial-Type Cordless Electric Drill, and assigned to the assignee of the present invention. However, it will be understood and appreciated by those skilled in the art that the essence and teachings of the present invention are equally applicable to a wide variety of power-operated tools, devices and appliances, and that the specific illustration herein of the cordless drill 10 is merely for convenience and clarity of understanding. With this in mind, the drill 10 comprises a motor housing 11 in which a suitable motor (not shown) is housed, a gear case 12 secured forwardly of the motor housing 11, a conventional chuck 13, an end handle 14, and a pair of substantially-aligned side handles 15 and 16 within which suitable slide-out battery packs (not shown) may be housed.

With referenceto FIGURE 2, the motor housing 11 carries a stationary pivot pin 17, and a trigger member 18 ispivotally mounted upon the pin 17. The trigger 18 is adapted to close a pair of electrical contacts forming a switch means for the drill 10; but for convenience of illustration, and because the details of the switch means may be considered as conventional for purposes of the present invention, the electrical contacts as well as the structural details of the switch means are herein deleted. The trigger 18 has a manually-manipulatable projecting portion 19, which is disposed below the motor housing 11 and forwardly of the pendant (lower) side handle 16. The trigger 18 normally has an off position in which the drill 10 is de-energized and further has an alternate on position in which the drill is energized. Moreover, the trigger 18 is normally biased to its off position by means of a spring 20 housed in a recess 21 in the motor housing 11.

With reference again to FIGURE 2, and with further reference to FIGURES 3 and 4, a locking member 22 (preferably in the form of a locking pin) is journaled within substantially-aligned apertures 23 and 24 Within the motor housing 11 for a sliding movement substantially transverse to the plane of movement of the trigger 18. The locking pin 22 has manually-manipulatable end portions 25 and 26 which project beyond the respective sides of the housing 11, and preferably, at least one of the end portions has a knurled knob as at a. Two-position spring-loaded detent means are provided between the sliding locking pin 22 and the housing 11, so that the locking pin 22 normally has an unlocked position and alternately has a locked position with respect to the trigger member 18. This detent means comprises a ball detent 27 seated within a recess 28 in the housing 11 and urged by a spring 29 to engage one or the other of a pair of external annular grooves 30 and 31 formed on the locking pin 22. The annular grooves 30 and 31 are substantially parallel to each other and are spaced apart a distace equal to the degree of sliding movement of the locking pin 22. The locking pin 22 carries a locking element 32, preferably in the form of an L-shaped pin, which has a portion 33 extending substantially parallel to the locking pin 22. This extending portion 33 is normally confined within a recess 34 formed in the housing 11 for the purpose of suitably guiding the sliding movement of the locking pin 22 and simultaneously preventing a substantial rotation of the pin 22 about its own axis and with respect to the housing 11. When the trigger 18 is to be locked in its off position, see FIGURE 4, the extending portion 33 of the pin 32 is received within a recess 35 formed in the trigger 18.

Operation With reference to FIGURE 5, the complete operation and inherent utility of the present invention may be more easily understood. Initially, and as shown in the lefthand illustration of FIGURE 5, the lock is in its oif position, and the trigger switch is also in its off position. In the succeeding illustration of FIGURE 5, the switch has been moved into its on position for actuating the drill 10 in the normal manner, the lock remaining in its off position. Under certain circumstances, however, it may be desirable to lock the switch in its off position; and this is shown in the succeeding illustration, wherein the locking pin 22 has been moved so that the extending portion 33 of the L-shaped locking element 32 has been received within the recess 35 formed within the trigger 18, thereby preventing the normal movement of the trigger 18, and thereby locking the trigger switch in its oif position. This feature may be particularly useful when the drill 10 is of the cordless type; for example, when changing bits, especially a 2% diameter wood auger, maintaining the cordless drill 10 in its off position is a decided safety feature. Besides, when the cordless drill is not in use, it is desirable to prevent an inadvertent closing of the trigger switch which would otherwise deplete the self-contained battery. In the last illustration of FIGURE 5, the trigger switch has first been moved into its on position, and then the sliding lock ing pin 22 has subsequently been moved into its locked or on position; in such a manner, the extending portion 33 of the L-shaped locking element 32 abuts against or bears against the end face 36 of the trigger 18, thereby preventing the trigger from returning to its normal off position, and thereby locking the trigger in its on position. This may be particularly useful when the operator desires to use the drill 10 for extended periods of time, during which it would otherwise be necessary for him to manually depress the trigger. Consequently, the drill 10 may be locked either in its on position or in its ofi position in a quick and convenient manner.

Obviously, many modifications may be made without departing from the basic spirit of the present invention; and accordingly, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced other than has been specifically described.

I claim:

1. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination of:

(a) ahousing;

(b) a pendant handle secured to said housing;

(0) a trigger movable in a plane in said housing;

(d) said trigger having a portion disposed below said housing and fowardly of said handle, and said trigger normally having an off position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(e) resilient means biasing said trigger to its off position; and

(f) means including a positive locking member movable independently of said trigger, and transversely to the plane of movement of said trigger, to selectively lock said trigger either in its on position or in its off position;

(g) said locking member requiring a deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa.

2. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination of:

(a) a housing;

(b) a pendant handle secured to said housing;

(c) a pivot pin mounted in said housing;

(d) a pivoted trigger carried by said pin;

(e) said trigger pivoting in a plane longitudinally of said housing and having a portion disposed below said housing and forwardly of said pendant handle, and said trigger normally having an off position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(f) resilient means biasing said trigger to its off position; and

(g) means including a locking member movable independently of said trigger, and transversely to the plane of movement of said trigger, to selectively lock said trigger in either of its positions;

(h) said locking member requiring a deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa. plane of movement of said trigger and independently of the movement 0 fsai d trigger to selectively lock 3. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination (a) a housing;

(b) a trigger movable in a plane in said housing;

(c) said trigger having a portion disposed below said housing, and said trigger normally having an off position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(d) resilient means biasing said trigger to its off position; and

(6) means including a locking pin journaled in said housing for sliding movement transversely to the plane of movement of said trigger and independently of the movement of said trigger to selectively lock said trigger in either of its positions;

(f) said locking pin having manually-manipulatable end portions projecting externally from respective sides of said housing; and

(g) said locking pin requiring deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa.

4. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination of:

(a) housing;

(b) a trigger movable in a plane in said housing;

(c) said trigger having a portion projecting externally of said housing, and said trigger normally having an off position in which the device is deenergized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(d) means including a locking pin slidable transversely to the plane of movement of said trigger to selectively lock said trigger in either of its positions;

(e) said locking pin having manually-manipulatable ril end portions projecting externally from respective sides of said housing;

(f) spring-loaded two-position detent means between said locking pin and said housing; and

(g) said locking pin requiring a deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa.

5. In an electrical device, the combination of:

(a) a movable trigger member normally having an oit position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(b) a locking member normally having an unlocked position and being movable transversely of and independently of said trigger member into an alternate locked position;

(c) said locking member requiring a deliberate manual eifort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa;

(d) a locking element carried by one of said members and cooperating with a recess formed in the other of said members, when said locking member is moved into its locked position, to thereafter preelude movement of said trigger member and to thereby lock said trigger in its oil? position;

(e) said locking element bearing against the other of said members, when said trigger is first moved into its on position and said locking member is subsequently moved into its locking position, to thereafter lock said trigger in its on position.

6. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination of:

(a) a housing;

(b) a movable trigger member in said housing;

(c) said trigger normally having an 01f position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is energized;

(d) a locking member slidable transversely to the plane of movement of said trigger member and independently of said trigger member and having manually-manipulatable end portions projecting externally from respective sides of said housing;

(e) two-position spring-loaded detent means between said locking member and said housing, whereby said locking member normally has an unlocked position and alternately has a locked position with respect to said trigger;

(f) said locking member requiring a deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa; and

(g) a locking element carried by one of said members and cooperating with a recess formed in the other of said members, when said locking member is moved into its locked position, to thereafter preclude movement of said trigger member and to lock said trigger in its off position;

(h) said locking element bearing against the other of said members, when said trigger is first moved into its on position and said locking member is subsequently moved into its locked position, to thereafter lock said trigger in its on position.

7. The combination according to claim 6, wherein:

(a) said locking element comprises an L-shaped pin carried by said locking member;

(b) said L-shaped pin having a portion extending parallel to said locking member and cooperating with a hole formed in said trigger member to lock said trigger in its off position.

8. The combination according to claim 7, wherein:

(a) said extending portion of said L-shaped pin is constantly received within a recess formed in said housing, thereby preventing a rotation of said locking member about its axis, and thereby keying said trigger member to said housing to lock said trigger in its off position. 9. In a hand-portable electrical device, the combination of:

(a) a housing;

(b) a pendant handle secured to said housing;

(c) a movable trigger in said housing;

(d) said trigger having a portion disposed below said housing and forwardly of said handle, and said trigger normally having an off position in which the device is de-energized and alternately having an on position in which the device is: energized;

(e) resilient means biasing said trigger to its off position;

(1) means including a locking pin journaled in said housing for sliding movement independently of said trigger and transversely of said trigger to selectively lock said trigger in either of its positions;

(g) said locking pin requiring a deliberate manual effort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa; and

(h) two-position spring-loaded detent means between said locking pin and said housing, thereby providing a snap action to the manual movement of said locking pin.

10. In a power-operated device having a housing provided with a manually-manipulatable resiliently-biased switch having a normal or oit position in which the device is de-energize d and a retracted or on position in which the device is energized, the switch automatically being returned to its off position upon the release of manual pressure, the improvement which comprises means to lock the switch selectively in its on position or in its 01f position, said means comprising:

(a) a positive locking member carried by the housing for movement transversely of the switch and independently of the switch from an unlocked position to a locked position;

(b) said locking member requiring a deliberate manual eifort for movement from its unlocking position to its locking position, and vice versa;

(0) means carried by said locking member and operative in the locked position of the locking member to cooperate with a first portion of the switch to prevent the normal retraction of said switch, thereby locking the switch in its off position; and

(d) means carried by said locking member and operative in the locked position of the locking member to cooperate with a second portion of the switch, in the retracted position of the switch, to prevent the automatic return of said switch, thereby locking the switch in its on position;

(e) said switch automatically being returned from its on position to its off position upon the movement of said locking member to its unlocked position.

69 References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 7O BROUGHTON G. DURHAM, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. IN A HAND-PORTABLE ELECTRICAL DEVICE, THE COMBINATION OF: (A) A HOUSING; (B) A PENDANT HANDLE SECURED TO SAID HOUSING; (C) A TRIGGER MOVABLE IN A PLANE IN SAID HOUSING; (D) SAID TRIGGER HAVING A PORTION DISPOSED BELOW SAID HOUSING AND FORWARDLY OF SAID HANDLE, AND SAID TRIGGER NORMALLY HAVING AN "OFF" POSITION IN WHICH THE DEVICE IS DE-ENERGIZED AND ALTERNATELY HAVING AN "ON" POSITION IN WHICH THE DEVICE IS ENERGIZED; (E) RESILIENT MEANS BIASING SAID TRIGGER TO ITS "OFF" POSITION; AND (F) MEANS INCLUDING A POSITIVE LOCKING MEMBER MOVABLE INDEPENDENTLY OF SAID TRIGGER, AND TRANVERSELY TO THE PLANE OF MOVEMENT OF SAID TRIGGER, TO SELECTIVELY LOCK SAID TRIGGER EITHER IN ITS "ON" POSITION OR IN ITS "OFF" POSITION; (G) SAID LOCKING MEMBER REQUIRING A DELIBRATE MANUAL EFFORT FOR MOVEMENT FROM ITS UNLOCKING POSITION TO ITS LOCKING POSITION, AND VICE VERSA.
US3217559A 1963-01-21 1963-01-21 Trigger locking means for portable electric device Expired - Lifetime US3217559A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3308536A (en) * 1965-12-28 1967-03-14 Endura Appliance Corp Cutting or slicing apparatus
US3873796A (en) * 1973-07-06 1975-03-25 Black & Decker Mfg Co Trigger mechanism for hand-operated power device including independently operable locking devices providing automatic lock off and manual lock-on operation
US4044215A (en) * 1974-03-07 1977-08-23 J. And J. Marquardt Electric switch construction having an external locking mechanism
US4236417A (en) * 1977-03-10 1980-12-02 Wacker Werke Gmbh & Co. Kg Unbalance oscillation generator
US4897517A (en) * 1987-04-14 1990-01-30 Gundlach Joseph J Vacuum cleaner switch retainer
US4920244A (en) * 1987-04-14 1990-04-24 Gundlach Joseph J Vacuum cleaner switch retainer
US20150170848A1 (en) * 2013-12-17 2015-06-18 Robert Bosch Tool Corporation Portable power tool with trigger switch, trigger release and lock-on mechanism combination

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1929662A (en) * 1930-08-16 1933-10-10 Wappat Inc Motor driven tool switch
US2487011A (en) * 1946-06-18 1949-11-01 Black & Decker Mfg Co Switch assembly for portable electric tools
US2815016A (en) * 1955-03-04 1957-12-03 Warren H Kellogg Long bow attachment
US2922012A (en) * 1957-11-22 1960-01-19 Pass & Seymour Inc Switch trigger locking pin
US3061334A (en) * 1959-12-11 1962-10-30 Int Harvester Co Coupler mechanism

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1929662A (en) * 1930-08-16 1933-10-10 Wappat Inc Motor driven tool switch
US2487011A (en) * 1946-06-18 1949-11-01 Black & Decker Mfg Co Switch assembly for portable electric tools
US2815016A (en) * 1955-03-04 1957-12-03 Warren H Kellogg Long bow attachment
US2922012A (en) * 1957-11-22 1960-01-19 Pass & Seymour Inc Switch trigger locking pin
US3061334A (en) * 1959-12-11 1962-10-30 Int Harvester Co Coupler mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3308536A (en) * 1965-12-28 1967-03-14 Endura Appliance Corp Cutting or slicing apparatus
US3873796A (en) * 1973-07-06 1975-03-25 Black & Decker Mfg Co Trigger mechanism for hand-operated power device including independently operable locking devices providing automatic lock off and manual lock-on operation
US4044215A (en) * 1974-03-07 1977-08-23 J. And J. Marquardt Electric switch construction having an external locking mechanism
US4236417A (en) * 1977-03-10 1980-12-02 Wacker Werke Gmbh & Co. Kg Unbalance oscillation generator
US4897517A (en) * 1987-04-14 1990-01-30 Gundlach Joseph J Vacuum cleaner switch retainer
US4920244A (en) * 1987-04-14 1990-04-24 Gundlach Joseph J Vacuum cleaner switch retainer
US20150170848A1 (en) * 2013-12-17 2015-06-18 Robert Bosch Tool Corporation Portable power tool with trigger switch, trigger release and lock-on mechanism combination

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