US321531A - Farm-fence - Google Patents

Farm-fence Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US321531A
US321531A US321531DA US321531A US 321531 A US321531 A US 321531A US 321531D A US321531D A US 321531DA US 321531 A US321531 A US 321531A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
rails
fence
wire
braces
binders
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US321531A publication Critical patent/US321531A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01CCHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FILAMENTARY OR FIBROUS MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FILAMENTS OR FIBRES FOR SPINNING; CARBONISING RAGS TO RECOVER ANIMAL FIBRES
    • D01C3/00Treatment of animal material, e.g. chemical scouring of wool

Definitions

  • Figure 1 of the drawings is al perspective view of a fence constructed in accordance with my invention
  • Fig. 2 a side elevation of that portion of the fence supported by the stakes
  • Fig. 3 an end view, with the rails in section
  • Fig. 1i a detail view in section, showing the manner of securing the rails to the end post.
  • the present invention has relation to that class of fences in which are employed crossbraces and binders, the rails being placed alternately one above the other and connected to the braces and binders by wire.
  • A represents one of the end posts, B the lower rails, and C the upper or rider rails overlapping each other at their meeting ends and supported by the cross-braces D, secured at their lower ends in the ground.
  • the inner sides of the posts A are formed with a series of mortiscs, c, in which iit the ends of the rails B C.
  • slits b may entend across the posts, of a depth equal, or nearlyso, to the depth of the mortises, so as to allow the sides thereof to yield when driving in the ends of the rails, after which the rails are further secured in the mortises by suitable fastenings, c.
  • the upper ends of the cross-braces D are connected and held together by a wire loop, d and there are also connected to the upper end of one or" the cross-braces, by a similar loop, e, binders E, between which the ends of the rails B C are located.
  • TheA binders E are tightly drawn against the sides of the rails B, where they overlap each other, by wire loops f g, the upper loop, f, simply passing between the rails and around the binders, while the lower loop, g, extends around two of the rails and also around the binders, as shown more clearly in Fig. 3.
  • a truss-wire, 71.- is rst passed under the lower rail, and thence brought upward over the upper one of the rails B, at which point the wire is crossed upon itseif and the rails drawn tightly together,and the ends of the wire passed around the two upper rails, C, and fastcned.
  • the rails are drawn together-the lower ones in an upward direction, and the upper ones, C, in a downward direction, in both instances the rails being drawn against the stakes at points above and below where they cross each other.
  • inortises a in the fence-post A are disposed a distance apart equal, or nearly so, to the thickness or width of the rails, so that when they are connected to the post the ends of the rails will iormsupports for the ends of the rails opposite, and vice versa.

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Fencing (AREA)

Description

Unirse dTnTns lPaTnNT IVILLIAM HENRY REED, OF SERVIA, INDIANA.
FARM-FENCE.
Application filed June 2, 1884. (No model.)
To (LZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WTLLIAM H. REED, a citizen of the United States, residing at Servia, in the county of Wabash and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Farin -Fences and I do hereby 4declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed d rawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and iigures of reference marked thereon.
Figure 1 of the drawings is al perspective view of a fence constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, a side elevation of that portion of the fence supported by the stakes; Fig. 3, an end view, with the rails in section; and Fig. 1i, a detail view in section, showing the manner of securing the rails to the end post.
The present invention has relation to that class of fences in which are employed crossbraces and binders, the rails being placed alternately one above the other and connected to the braces and binders by wire.
Frevions to my invention it was common to secure the fence-rails in position by looping the wire around the upper extremities of the crossbraces and binding-stake, bringing it between and over the two upper or rider rails, thence carrying the wire down and around the ends of the remaining` rails and fastening the end of the wire to the lower end of the stake, the wire being also secured at different points thereto and to the cross-braces by independent pieces oi' wire looped around the same.
In the construction of fences to render them strong and drin, it was also common to employ short pieces of wire secured around the cross-braces above and below the upper or rider rail, also around the binding-stakes, and diagonal braces arranged upon the sides of each fence-panel.
It is the object of this invention to improve the above-described manner of securing the rails in position tothe cross-braces and binders; and it consists in the peculiar manner of fastening the wire around the rails, crossbraces, and binders, substantially as shown in the drawings, and hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, A represents one of the end posts, B the lower rails, and C the upper or rider rails overlapping each other at their meeting ends and supported by the cross-braces D, secured at their lower ends in the ground.
The inner sides of the posts A are formed with a series of mortiscs, c, in which iit the ends of the rails B C. In forming these inortises, if preferred, slits b may entend across the posts, of a depth equal, or nearlyso, to the depth of the mortises, so as to allow the sides thereof to yield when driving in the ends of the rails, after which the rails are further secured in the mortises by suitable fastenings, c.
The upper ends of the cross-braces D are connected and held together by a wire loop, d and there are also connected to the upper end of one or" the cross-braces, by a similar loop, e, binders E, between which the ends of the rails B C are located. TheA binders E are tightly drawn against the sides of the rails B, where they overlap each other, by wire loops f g, the upper loop, f, simply passing between the rails and around the binders, while the lower loop, g, extends around two of the rails and also around the binders, as shown more clearly in Fig. 3. A truss-wire, 71.-, is rst passed under the lower rail, and thence brought upward over the upper one of the rails B, at which point the wire is crossed upon itseif and the rails drawn tightly together,and the ends of the wire passed around the two upper rails, C, and fastcned. By the employment of the trussingwire lz, the rails are drawn together-the lower ones in an upward direction, and the upper ones, C, in a downward direction, in both instances the rails being drawn against the stakes at points above and below where they cross each other.
It should be understood that the inortises a in the fence-post A, with the exception ofthe upper one, are disposed a distance apart equal, or nearly so, to the thickness or width of the rails, so that when they are connected to the post the ends of the rails will iormsupports for the ends of the rails opposite, and vice versa.
The manner of securing the rails by the trussing-wire, and the employment of the hangers, in addition to the wire loops used, forni together a very strong and durable fai-n1` fence, when taken in connection with the posts, cross-braces, and rails, hereinbefore described.
In a fence constructed in accordance with ICO my invention there is no danger of the rails under the lower rail, and thence upward to a becoming loose and dropping down, and the l point where the braces cross each other,where I5' expense required in building such a fence is the said wire is crossed and brought over the materially decreased. two upper or rider rails in opposite directions 5 Having now fully described my invention, and fastened, substantially as and for the purwhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by pose set forth. Y Letters Patent, is In testimony that I claim the above I have 2o In a farm-fence, the cross-braces and binders hereunto subscribed my name in the presence thereof, in combination with Wire loops conof two witnesses.
io necting the braces together at their upper WILLIAM H. REED.
ends, loops securing the binders to the braces I Witnesses: and holding them against the sides ofthe fence- B. F. OLEMANs, rails, as shown, and atrussingwire extending i v JEHU KENNEDY.
US321531D Farm-fence Expired - Lifetime US321531A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US321531A true US321531A (en) 1885-07-07

Family

ID=2390670

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US321531D Expired - Lifetime US321531A (en) Farm-fence

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US321531A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US385531A (en) Portable fence
US321531A (en) Farm-fence
US417383A (en) Fence-post
US292023A (en) Fence
US542908A (en) Brace for fence-posts
US334973A (en) Fence
US359604A (en) Ire fence
US314877A (en) Wire fence
US247493A (en) Fence
US1068206A (en) Portable and stationary wire-fence construction.
US191944A (en) Improvement in fence-posts
US402729A (en) Fence
US357745A (en) sayee van hoen
US213506A (en) Improvement in fence-posts
US518837A (en) Iron fence
US338573A (en) Fence
US571150A (en) Fence
US159188A (en) Improvement in farm-fences
US200946A (en) Improvement in fence-posts
US1020872A (en) Fence-post.
US353243A (en) Fence
US703305A (en) Fence.
US361291A (en) Fence-support
US518039A (en) Portable fence
US441873A (en) Fence