US3205888A - Exercise and vibration machine - Google Patents

Exercise and vibration machine Download PDF

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US3205888A
US3205888A US26213363A US3205888A US 3205888 A US3205888 A US 3205888A US 26213363 A US26213363 A US 26213363A US 3205888 A US3205888 A US 3205888A
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rollers
exercise
deck
machine
person
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John H Stroop
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John H Stroop
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with movable endless bands, e.g. treadmills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1253Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
    • A61H2201/1261Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient

Description

Sept. 14, 1965 J. H. sTRooP 3,205,888

EXERCISE AND VIBRATION MACHINE Filed March 1, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet l E.. VERT/6,41 ,/A//l/' 10477551/ E? /wIQ/ZO/M Ml/ INVENTOR.

Sept." 14, 19,65 I J. H. sTRooP EXERCISE AND VIBRATION MACHINE Filed March l, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 f? w/ 6 may Puff/UP X MASS/765 Tmlla. Ta. 14.

MASS/465 -56 L/F, fre,

INVENTOR.

United States Patent O 3,205,888 EXERCISE AND VIBRATION MACHINE John H. Stroop, 153 Norfolk St., New York, N.Y. Filed Mar. 1, 1963, Ser. No. 262,133 6 Claims. (Cl. 12S- 57) One object of this invention is to provide a particularly rugged but relatively light and highly versat1le exercise machine peculiarly adapted to meet the highly desired and necessary demands of an ever increasing sedentary population.

A variety of machines have hitherto been produced. Some are power-driven, some self-operated, but most are adapted primarily for a single purpose. Examples of such machines are those of the bicycle type, rowing machines, machines for weight lifting, massaging machines, and the like. Most such machines have been heavy and expensive and are not adapted for accomplishing several independent objectives.

Running or walking has been the best of all exercises, and the exercise machine of this invention not only provides for ease of running or walking but, coupled with this in the same machine, provides for many other types of exercises, such as for example rowing and various calisthenics, together with the equivalent of chinning bars and horizontal bars, all so combined that the machine may be easily carried from place to place, requires a minimum amount of space for the performance 4of the exercises and in an unusual and novel manner provides for the conditioning of the body, reduction of weight, and the like.

Another important feature of the exerice machine of this invention arises from the fact that it is peculiarly adapted for rehabilitation which goes far beyond the normal conditioning or building of an uninjured body. The large number of patients who are coniined to rehabilitation centers and hospitals indicates the need for the machine of the present invention, by means of which there are therapeutic benefits to rebuild the body, supply muscular function and restore the coordination and the rebuilding of bodily health.

The versatility of the machine of this invention is clearly exemplified in the accompanying'drawings, to which reference will now be had.

FIGURE l is a partially diagrammatic end view of one of the elements of my machine in which only the vertical vibratory pattern is shown.

FIGURE 2 is a partially diagrammatic view of one of the elements of the machine in which only the horizontal vibratory pattern is illustrated.

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of a roller which constitutes one 4Qi? the elements of the machine and which is formed to provide both for the vertical vibratory motion of FIGURE 1 and the horizontal vibratory motion of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a complete machine in which the roller elements of FIGURE 3 Iare incorporated.

FIGURES 5 to 14, inclusive, are perspective views including the figure of a man illustrating the numerous different exercises and massage treatments which may be performed with advantage on the machine of this invention.

Having special reference to FIGURE 4, the machine which embodies my invention comprises a frame having opposite sides 1S and 16, to which brackets 17 are'securely attached. The sides and 16 are parallel and have mounted between them a series of substantially parallel rollers 25. Each roller as here assembled has a plurality of longitudinallyl extending ridges 31 separated by longitudinal grooves 32. Each roller also has a plu- 3,265,838 Patented Sept. 14, 1965 lCe rality of generally circular grooves 33 which are wavy as shown in FIG. 3. In some cases the ridges 31 and grooves 32 may be the only pattern on the rolls. Also the generally circular grooves 33 may be the only pattern on the rolls, but at present the use of both is considered desirable, as shown in FIG. 3, and produces both vertical and horizontal or longitudinal vibrations as the rollers are traversed by the user.

Each roller has axial extensions 26 which are journaled in suitable bearings 37 formed in the sides 15 and 16. The side members 15 and 16 have smooth over-hanging edges 27 which are formed to constitute hand grips. Generally vertical bars 18 and 19 are mounted in the brackets 17, are bent near their upper ends to form substantially parallel horizontal bars 20 and 21. These horizontal portions are relatively long and extend over the frame, in which the rollers are mounted, for substantially its entire length. These bars may preferably be formed of stainless steel and are about one and a half inches in diameter, so'that they may be readily gripped at any point by the person using the machine. The outer surfaces of these bars are smooth and highly polished for the comfort of the user. The lower ends of the generally vertical bars extend for several inches below the brackets 17 to which they are securely fastened and have rubber caps 24 at the bottom. These constitute feet on which one end lof the machine rests.

The machine has extensions 28 and 29 which may be integral with the sides 15 and 16 but are at an angle thereto so that the members 28 and 29 rest on the iloor or base l on which the machine is mounted. At the outer end of the extensions 28 and 29 is mounted a foot rest bar 30 which may be detachably connected to the members 28 and 29 at their outer ends or hinged so that the foot rest part may 'be swung downwardly against the floor or base when not in use. If it is detachably mounted at the ends of 28 and 29, it may then be removed whenever it would interfere with the desired exercise t0 be carried out on the machine, as hereinafter explained.

The versatility of the machine will be better understood by reference to the series of diagrams 5 to 14, inclusive, to which special reference may now be had.

`Diagram 5 shows two Views of a person gripping the horizontal bars 20 and 21 and running on the exercise deck of the machine. The exercise is not merely that of walking or running because of the shape of the rollers. For example, the rollers 25 all have contours as shown in FIGURE 2. The person exercising would normally wear tennis shoes or other soft shoes such as are used in the gymnasium, and as he runs on the exercise deck, his

whole body receives both up-anddown and side-to-side vibrations because the rollers are not round but are contoured with the vertical and horizontal vibration patterns diagrammatically illustrated in FIGURES l and 2. He also obtains additional exercise for his arms, shoulders land back by resting part of his weight on the horizontal ars.

As shown in diagram 6, instead of running on the exercise deck the person may grip the handle bars and subject his foot and leg to vibrations by rubbing his foot back and forth` over the deck. This will illustrate the use to which the machine may be put to overcome foot disabilities. For this particular exercise the person would normally put one foot on the floor beside the machine while the other is being pushed back and forth `across the exercise deck. Then he would change from one foot to the other in order that both feet would be equally treated, unless there is only one which needs special treatment.

In diagram 7, the person is seated on the exercise deck, grips the horizontal bars near the outer ends and pushes his feet against the foot rests. He then may perform a rowing motion and a body lifting motion. His rear would be moved backward and forward over the rollers of the exercise deck, his legs being straightened when he is sitting on the upper end of the deck and bent when he is sitting at the lower end of the deck. This form of exercise is particularly useful in strengthening the back, arms and legs and has the additional benefit of tending to vibrate and reduce the rear, if too fat.

As shown in diagram 8, the person may sit on the exercise deck and, instead of gripping the ends of the horizontal bars as shown in diagram 7, may grasp the grips 27 on the sides 15 and 16 of the frame of the machine and then perform a similar rowing motion, but in this case pushing his body up from the frame of the deck as well as moving back and forth over the deck in a rowing motion. Quite a different set of muscles comes into play in the body pushup as contrasted with the body lifting motion in diagram 7.

Diagram 9 illustrates the vibration of one side of the thigh, which may be performed first on one side and then on the other. This action gives a special vibratory treatment to the parts where it is desired to take off excess fat or weight and improve the contour.v

Diagram 10 illustrates the use of the machine for back and rear thigh vibration. In this case the person sits in reverse position facing the back of the machine, grips the vertical bars 18 and 19 and pulls or pushes himself back and forth over the exercise deck. In this instance the vibration produced by the shaped rollers on the exercis-e deck would directly affect the thighs and. back, and the arms and back would also be strengthened. by pulling the body back and forth with the feet extended, as shown in the diagram.

Diagram 11 illustrates the use of the machine for the stomach and front thigh vibration. In this case the person grasps the grips 27 on the sides of the exercise deck near the lower end and pushes himself back and forth over exercise deck. In this fashion the shape of the rollers produces a desired vibratory effect and is particularly useful for reducing exercises for those having a fat stomach.

In diagram 12 the person exercising grasps the grips 27 on the sides of the exercise deck near the lower end, maintains his body in a rigid position with his toes resting on the door and then pushes up with his arms and back rigid, resting his stomach on. the exercise deck. He may also move his body back and forth on the deck so as to get a stomach vibration.

In diagram 13 the machine is used very much as parallel bars are used in a gymnasium. The person exercising stands on the exercise deck, grips the horizontal bars and 21, as shown at the left in diagram 13, and then swings his legs out as shown at the right in the same diagram.

In diagram 14 the person exercising is seated on the exercise deck, grasps the horizontal bars 20 and 21, and

then lifts his body up from the deck and back, thus takingV what corresponds to a chinning exercise. At the same time he may obtain a vibration on the back and thighs by moving forward and back on the rollers of the deck.

Exercise machines having cylindrical rollers have been known for at least thirty years, but none have had rollers patterned to produce a vibratory action on the entire body of the user.

The patterns in the rollers, as shown clearly in FIGS. 1 and 3, are such as to create mild vibrations and thus avoid discomture of the user when his weight is imposed on the rollers.

I claim:

1. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck, a pair of bars having generally vertical portions attached to said deck at one end and curved handle bar portions on the other end terminating in parallel longitudinal exercise bars and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a series of longitudinally extending ridges separated by longitudinal grooves, said rollers being adapted to support the person exercising thereon whereby the entire body of the person will be vibrated by the ridges and grooves in the rollers as he moves across the rollers.

2. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck, a pair of bars having generally vertical portions attached to said deck at one end and curved handle bar portions on the other end terminating in parallel longitudinal exercise bars and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a plurality of spaced generally circular grooves inclined relative to planes perpendicular to the axes of the rollers to produce a lateral vibration of the body of the use as he moves across the rollers.

3. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck, a pair of bars having generally vertical portions attached to said deck at one end and curved handle bar portions on the other end terminating in parallel longitudinal exercise bars and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a series of longitudinally extending ridges separated by longitudinal grooves and a plurality of spaced generally circular inclined grooves, said rollers being adapted to support the person exercising thereon whereby the entire body of the person will be vibrated by the ridges and grooves and by the generally circular grooves in the rollers as he moves across the rollers.

4. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a series of longitudinally extending ridges separated by longitudinal grooves, said rollers being adapted to support the person exercising thereon whereby the entire body of the person will be vibrated by the ridges and grooves in the rollers as he moves across the rollers, and means for supporting the person when he is exercising on the deck.

5. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a plurality of spaced generally circular grooves inclined relative to planes perpendicular to the axes of the rollers to produce a lateral vibration of the body of the user as he moves across the rollers, and means for supporting the person when he is exercising on the deck.

6. An exercise machine comprising an inclined exercise deck and treadmill rollers mounted in parallel arrangement on said deck to rotate freely therein, said rollers having a series of longitudinally extending ridges separated by longitudinal grooves and a plurality of spaced generally circular inclined grooves, said rollers being adapted to support the person exercising thereon whereby the entire body of the person will be vibrated by the ridges and grooves and by the generally circular grooves in the rollers as he moves across the rollers, and means for supporting the person-when he is exercising on the deck.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,098,327 5/14 Koch 12S-58 1,310,950 7/19 Heagany 12S-57 1,572,794 2/ 26 Hamilton 12S-5 7 FOREIGN PATENTS 48,905 10/ 89 Germany. 225,034 11/24 Great Britain. 296,152 8/28 Great Britain.

RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

  1. 4. AN EXERCISE MACHINE COMPRISING AN INCLINED EXERCISE DECK AND TREADMILL ROLLERS MOUNTED IN PARALLEL ARRANGEMENT ON SAID DECK TO ROTATE FREELY THEREIN, AND ROLLERS HAVING A SERIES OF LONGITUDINALLY EXTENDING RIDGES SEPARATED BY LONGITUDINAL GROOVES, SAID ROLLERS BEING ADAPTED TO SUPPORT THE PERSON EXERCISING THEREON WHEREBY THE ENTIRE BODY OF THE PERSON WILL BE VIBRATED BY THE RIDGES AND GROOVES IN THE ROLLERS AS HE MOVES ACROSS THE ROLLERS, AND MEANS FOR SUPPORTING THE PERSON WHEN HE IS EXERCISING ON THE DECK.
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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2321308A1 (en) * 1975-08-22 1977-03-18 Godel Edith Chassis for gymnastics and massage devices
US4113246A (en) * 1975-06-07 1978-09-12 David James Gibbs Exercising apparatus
US4782823A (en) * 1987-03-17 1988-11-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Fuji Iryoki Roll rotation type massaging apparatus
US4890606A (en) * 1987-04-21 1990-01-02 Superspine User controlled device for decompressing the spine
US4892090A (en) * 1988-01-27 1990-01-09 Ernst Kaeser Guided running belt over massage rollers having varying projections
US5474521A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-12-12 Yang; Hsi-Hsin Foot sole massager
US5527247A (en) * 1994-09-15 1996-06-18 Archambault; Darrell H. Exercise apparatus
US5792079A (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-08-11 Hatfield; Allen K. Perineal-discomfort relieving apparatus
US5913839A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-06-22 Wincek; Christopher P. Ball-massaging board
US6010432A (en) * 1998-07-22 2000-01-04 Vawter; James R. Combination exerciser and massager
US20050181918A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2005-08-18 Sumners David P. Vibrationary exercise apparatus
US20060240955A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2006-10-26 Pu Kwan C Foot exercise device having tiltable platform
US20100292059A1 (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-11-18 Tyson Anthony Eschenbach Abdominal and back exercise apparatus
US20120065557A1 (en) * 2009-01-13 2012-03-15 Cassidy Phillips Massage roller
US20140024500A1 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-01-23 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Treadmill with Deck Vibration
US20140024502A1 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-01-23 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Exercise Cycle with Vibration Capabilities
US20150133271A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Coulter Ventures Llc D/B/A Rogue Fitness Exercise Device
US20150209219A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-07-30 Yehezkel Hizko HEN Body treatment device
US9345921B2 (en) 2007-07-11 2016-05-24 Performance Solutions, Llc Therapeutic, fitness, and sports enhancement device
US9393453B2 (en) 2012-11-27 2016-07-19 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Exercise device with vibration capabilities
US9539167B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2017-01-10 Performance Solutions, Llc Therapeutic, fitness, and sports enhancement device
USD809612S1 (en) * 2015-04-14 2018-02-06 2441398 Ontario Corporation Exercise roller
USD825695S1 (en) * 2016-03-18 2018-08-14 Naum Care Corp. Foam roller for physical training

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE48905C (en) *
US1098327A (en) * 1913-12-18 1914-05-26 John Koch Exercising apparatus.
US1310950A (en) * 1919-07-22 Massage device
GB225034A (en) * 1923-11-01 1924-11-27 William Scouler Improved exercising apparatus
US1572794A (en) * 1922-08-21 1926-02-09 Hamilton Charles Lester Massage apparatus
GB296152A (en) * 1927-06-21 1928-08-30 William Alfred Edward Crombie An improved appliance for massaging

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE48905C (en) *
US1310950A (en) * 1919-07-22 Massage device
US1098327A (en) * 1913-12-18 1914-05-26 John Koch Exercising apparatus.
US1572794A (en) * 1922-08-21 1926-02-09 Hamilton Charles Lester Massage apparatus
GB225034A (en) * 1923-11-01 1924-11-27 William Scouler Improved exercising apparatus
GB296152A (en) * 1927-06-21 1928-08-30 William Alfred Edward Crombie An improved appliance for massaging

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4113246A (en) * 1975-06-07 1978-09-12 David James Gibbs Exercising apparatus
FR2321308A1 (en) * 1975-08-22 1977-03-18 Godel Edith Chassis for gymnastics and massage devices
US4782823A (en) * 1987-03-17 1988-11-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Fuji Iryoki Roll rotation type massaging apparatus
US4890606A (en) * 1987-04-21 1990-01-02 Superspine User controlled device for decompressing the spine
US4892090A (en) * 1988-01-27 1990-01-09 Ernst Kaeser Guided running belt over massage rollers having varying projections
US5474521A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-12-12 Yang; Hsi-Hsin Foot sole massager
US5527247A (en) * 1994-09-15 1996-06-18 Archambault; Darrell H. Exercise apparatus
US5913839A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-06-22 Wincek; Christopher P. Ball-massaging board
US5792079A (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-08-11 Hatfield; Allen K. Perineal-discomfort relieving apparatus
US6010432A (en) * 1998-07-22 2000-01-04 Vawter; James R. Combination exerciser and massager
US20050181918A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2005-08-18 Sumners David P. Vibrationary exercise apparatus
US7214170B2 (en) * 2002-03-12 2007-05-08 South Bank University Enterprises Ltd. Vibrationary exercise apparatus
US20060240955A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2006-10-26 Pu Kwan C Foot exercise device having tiltable platform
US9656112B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2017-05-23 Performance Solutions, Llc Therapeutic, fitness, and sports enhancement device
US9539167B2 (en) 2006-07-18 2017-01-10 Performance Solutions, Llc Therapeutic, fitness, and sports enhancement device
US9345921B2 (en) 2007-07-11 2016-05-24 Performance Solutions, Llc Therapeutic, fitness, and sports enhancement device
US20120065557A1 (en) * 2009-01-13 2012-03-15 Cassidy Phillips Massage roller
USD796053S1 (en) 2009-01-13 2017-08-29 Implus Footcare, Llc. Massage roller
USD749233S1 (en) 2009-01-13 2016-02-09 Implus Footcare, Llc Massage roller
US9005146B2 (en) * 2009-01-13 2015-04-14 Implus Footcare, Llc Massage roller
USD759259S1 (en) 2009-01-13 2016-06-14 Implus Footcare, Llc. Massage roller
US20100292059A1 (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-11-18 Tyson Anthony Eschenbach Abdominal and back exercise apparatus
US20140024502A1 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-01-23 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Exercise Cycle with Vibration Capabilities
US9278249B2 (en) * 2012-07-23 2016-03-08 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Exercise cycle with vibration capabilities
US9289648B2 (en) * 2012-07-23 2016-03-22 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Treadmill with deck vibration
US20140024500A1 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-01-23 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Treadmill with Deck Vibration
US9393453B2 (en) 2012-11-27 2016-07-19 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Exercise device with vibration capabilities
US20150133271A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Coulter Ventures Llc D/B/A Rogue Fitness Exercise Device
US20150209219A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-07-30 Yehezkel Hizko HEN Body treatment device
USD809612S1 (en) * 2015-04-14 2018-02-06 2441398 Ontario Corporation Exercise roller
USD825695S1 (en) * 2016-03-18 2018-08-14 Naum Care Corp. Foam roller for physical training

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