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US3195428A - Method for reducing sliding friction - Google Patents

Method for reducing sliding friction Download PDF

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Publication number
US3195428A
US3195428A US25529363A US3195428A US 3195428 A US3195428 A US 3195428A US 25529363 A US25529363 A US 25529363A US 3195428 A US3195428 A US 3195428A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
surface
coating
web
paper
forming
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Tuma Alex
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TETRA AB
Tetra Pak AB
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Tetra Pak AB
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B65/00Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
    • B65B65/06Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details coated or treated with anti-friction or anti-sticking materials, e.g. polytetrafluoroethylene
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/08Making a superficial cut in the surface of the work without removal of material, e.g. scoring, incising
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C59/00Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C59/02Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor by mechanical means, e.g. pressing
    • B29C59/021Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor by mechanical means, e.g. pressing of profiled articles, e.g. hollow or tubular articles, beams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31FMECHANICAL WORKING OR DEFORMATION OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31F1/00Mechanical deformation without removing material, e.g. in combination with laminating
    • B31F1/0003Shaping by bending, folding, twisting, straightening, flattening or rim-rolling; Shaping by bending, folding or rim-rolling combined with joining; Apparatus therefor
    • B31F1/0045Bending or folding combined with joining
    • B31F1/0048Bending plates, sheets or webs at right angles to the axis of the article being formed and joining the edges
    • B31F1/0061Bending plates, sheets or webs at right angles to the axis of the article being formed and joining the edges for making articles of indefinite length
    • B31F1/0067Bending plates, sheets or webs at right angles to the axis of the article being formed and joining the edges for making articles of indefinite length using only external forming surfaces, e.g. sleeves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B9/00Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semiliquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
    • B65B9/10Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in preformed tubular webs, or in webs formed into tubes around filling nozzles, e.g. extruded tubular webs
    • B65B9/20Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in preformed tubular webs, or in webs formed into tubes around filling nozzles, e.g. extruded tubular webs the webs being formed into tubes in situ around the filling nozzles
    • B65B9/22Forming shoulders; Tube formers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0037Other properties
    • B29K2995/0072Roughness, e.g. anti-slip
    • B29K2995/0073Roughness, e.g. anti-slip smooth
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1007Running or continuous length work
    • Y10T156/1008Longitudinal bending

Description

July 20, 1965 A. TUMA 3,195,428

METHOD FOR REDUCING sunme FRICTION Filed Jan. 31, 1963 Fig.1

INVENTOR Alex 771/770,

BY W WWW ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,195,428 METHOD FOR REDUEIING SLIDING FRICTION Alex Turna, Loddekopinge, Sweden, assignor to AB Tetra, Lund, Sweden, 2 company of Sweden Filed Jan. 31, 1963, Ser. No. 255,293 Claims priority, application Sweden, Feb. 3, 1962, 1,198/ 62 1 Claim. (Cl. 9394) The present invention relates to a method for reducing the friction when a surface of thermoplastic material, for instance wax, paraffin or similar materials, is sliding against a metal surface.

For a long time it has been known to reduce the sliding friction between two surfaces by applying a lubricant between them. These lubricants normally have a liquid consistency, and otherwise they should have such qualities that they form a film between the two surfaces sliding against each other.

When a paper web coated with thermoplastic material is required to be converted into tubular shape, this is normally done by passing the paper web through one or more forming rings, where it acquires an outer configuration which is determined by the inner configuration of the ring. As the paper web during the forming operation is being pressed against the insides of the rings, a not inconsiderable amount of friction occurs between the rings and the paper web coated with thermoplastic material. This friction means not only that more energy is required for the forming, but also that the formed tube may become deformed owing to the tension stresses or in extreme cases it may get torn off.

These disadvantages associated with the sliding between a metal surface and a thermoplastic material are avoided by a procedure in accordance with the present invention, which is characterized therein that the metal surface is heated to a temperature which is higher than the melting point for the thermoplastic coating material, whereby the surface of the coating material as it comes into contact with the metal surface, is melted and given a low, frictionreducing viscosity in the contact area between the two surfaces sliding against each other, whereafter it again solidifies and form an even and tight surface, when the hot metal surface is removed.

A procedure in accordance with the invention, applied to conversion into a tubular shape of a paraffin coated paper web in the way above mentioned, is described in the following with reference to the enclosed diagrammatical drawing, in which FIG. 1 shows how a parafiin coated paper web when converted is drawn through a forming ring and FIG. 2 shows a cut-away of the forming ring as well as the paper web coated with paraffin.

The web I intended for conversion into tubular form consists of a paper carrier base 7 and a coating of for instance wax or paraflin applied to the base. The forming ring 3, which is seen to have a circular cross-section thereby to establish an inner curvilinear surface providing an essentially line contact with the paraffin coating 5, is provided internally with an electric heater core 6, which is connected to a source of current at the connection termirials 4. When the web 1, coated in this way with paraflin is passed through the forming ring 3, with the paraffin 3,195,428 Patented July 20, 1965 coating 5 in sliding contact with the inner surface of the ring, a very thin surface layer of the paraffin coating is melted under the forming ring 3 and immediately outside it. The heat supply to the forming ring 3 must be so adjusted that the surface of the coating 5 on the one hand becomes sufliciently fluid to reduce the friction, whilst on the other hand it must not be heated to a point where the whole coating 5 will liquefy as to impregnate the paper web or where it is chemically changed, for instance carbonizes.

The web 1 coated with paraffin is passed continuously through the forming ring 3 and consequently new coating material is steadily fed forwardly to the heated metal ring Where only the surface layer of the coating 5 is melted. The coating material, being melted on the surface and being carried forward together with the web 1 now converted into a tube 2, is carried forward after passing the heated forming rings, and thereafter cooled, whereby it solidifies and forms an even and tight surface coating. When the paraflln coating 5 is applied on the paper web 1, this is effected by a method, which is similar to a printing procedure. The method has the advantage that the coating material is applied in a semi-melted condition, whereby running parafiin is avoided. Further the thickness of the coating 5 may be controlled with greater accuracy than when melted paraflin is sprayed against the paper surface. The disadvantage with this coating method is, however, that the coating 5 does not become quite continuous and tight, wherefore dampness may penetrate through to the surface of the paper. After the Web 1 has been passed through the forming ring 3, and the surface layer of the parafiin coating 5 thus has been melted, a tight surface layer is formed after solidifying of the coating 5, which prevents dampness from penetrating to the paper web 1.

I claim:

In the method for converting a paper web coated with a thermoplastic material into a tube andwherein the thermoplastic coating is located on that face of the web which is to form the exterior surface of the tube, the improvement which comprises the steps of bringing the longitudinally extending edge portions of the thermoplastic coated paper web together with a metallic tube forming ring which has an inner curvilinear surface providing an essentially line sliding contact with the thermoplastic coated face of the web as the web is passed longitudinally through the forming tube, and heating said ring to such a temperature that the inner curvilinear surface thereof effects a temporay fusion of only the surface layers of said thermoplastic coating and a reduction in the sliding friction factor as between said coating and ring.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,913,447 6/33 Huston et al 93-80 2,105,273 1/38 Smith 9382 2,422,188 6/47 Epstein 9382 3,042,103 7/62 McDevitt et al 9382 3,063,860 11/62 Gemmer.

FRANK E. BAILEY, Primary Examiner.

ARTHUR M. HORTON, WHITMORE A. WILTZ,

Examiners.

US3195428A 1962-02-03 1963-01-31 Method for reducing sliding friction Expired - Lifetime US3195428A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE119862 1962-02-03

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US3195428A true US3195428A (en) 1965-07-20

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US (1) US3195428A (en)
GB (1) GB983727A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3479205A (en) * 1966-10-14 1969-11-18 Gen Electric Process for producing boron filament
US3482491A (en) * 1966-09-28 1969-12-09 Tetra Pak Ag Method and apparatus for producing an unkinked tube from a web of material
US3540959A (en) * 1964-02-24 1970-11-17 American Can Co Method of manufacturing a laminated tubular article having a matte finish surface
FR2710872A3 (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-04-14 Servoz Gavin Maurice Method for obtaining cardboard tubes with leaktight inner lining, particularly for shuttering (formwork), and devices for implementing it
JP2013126896A (en) * 2011-12-05 2013-06-27 Tna Australia Pty Ltd Former shoulder
US20130165306A1 (en) * 2011-12-05 2013-06-27 Tna Australia Pty Limited Former shoulder
CN103302897A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-18 吴江久升纸业有限公司 Paper tube pressing machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1913447A (en) * 1930-04-14 1933-06-13 Huston Tube forming machine
US2105273A (en) * 1935-06-08 1938-01-11 Visking Corp Apparatus for manufacturing cellulose coated and impregnated fibrous tubes
US2422188A (en) * 1945-07-26 1947-06-17 Harry T Epstein Method of and apparatus for making tubes of paper and the like
US3042103A (en) * 1958-09-30 1962-07-03 Continental Can Co Plastic film tube former
US3063860A (en) * 1954-12-11 1962-11-13 Knapsack Ag Fluidized bed coating method and apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1913447A (en) * 1930-04-14 1933-06-13 Huston Tube forming machine
US2105273A (en) * 1935-06-08 1938-01-11 Visking Corp Apparatus for manufacturing cellulose coated and impregnated fibrous tubes
US2422188A (en) * 1945-07-26 1947-06-17 Harry T Epstein Method of and apparatus for making tubes of paper and the like
US3063860A (en) * 1954-12-11 1962-11-13 Knapsack Ag Fluidized bed coating method and apparatus
US3042103A (en) * 1958-09-30 1962-07-03 Continental Can Co Plastic film tube former

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3540959A (en) * 1964-02-24 1970-11-17 American Can Co Method of manufacturing a laminated tubular article having a matte finish surface
US3482491A (en) * 1966-09-28 1969-12-09 Tetra Pak Ag Method and apparatus for producing an unkinked tube from a web of material
US3479205A (en) * 1966-10-14 1969-11-18 Gen Electric Process for producing boron filament
FR2710872A3 (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-04-14 Servoz Gavin Maurice Method for obtaining cardboard tubes with leaktight inner lining, particularly for shuttering (formwork), and devices for implementing it
JP2013126896A (en) * 2011-12-05 2013-06-27 Tna Australia Pty Ltd Former shoulder
US20130165306A1 (en) * 2011-12-05 2013-06-27 Tna Australia Pty Limited Former shoulder
ES2421809R1 (en) * 2011-12-05 2013-10-04 Tna Australia Pty Ltd forming support
GB2497417B (en) * 2011-12-05 2017-10-25 Tna Australia Pty Ltd A Former shoulder
CN103302897A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-18 吴江久升纸业有限公司 Paper tube pressing machine

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GB983727A (en) 1965-02-17 application

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