US3187120A - Multi-contact manually-operated electric switch with lever actuating means - Google Patents

Multi-contact manually-operated electric switch with lever actuating means Download PDF

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Publication number
US3187120A
US3187120A US229137A US22913762A US3187120A US 3187120 A US3187120 A US 3187120A US 229137 A US229137 A US 229137A US 22913762 A US22913762 A US 22913762A US 3187120 A US3187120 A US 3187120A
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United States
Prior art keywords
lever
frame
handpiece
switch
support
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Expired - Lifetime
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US229137A
Inventor
Akst Harold
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Unisys Corp
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Burroughs Corp
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Priority to US229137A priority Critical patent/US3187120A/en
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Publication of US3187120A publication Critical patent/US3187120A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H23/00Tumbler or rocker switches, i.e. switches characterised by being operated by rocking an operating member in the form of a rocker button
    • H01H23/02Details
    • H01H23/12Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon
    • H01H23/16Driving mechanisms
    • H01H23/164Driving mechanisms with rectilinearly movable member carrying the contacts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18888Reciprocating to or from oscillating
    • Y10T74/1892Lever and slide
    • Y10T74/18936Slidable connections

Description

June 1, 1965 H. AKST MULTI-CONTACT MANUAL LY-OPERATED ELECTRIC SWITCH WITH LEVER ACTUATING MEANS Filed Oct. 8, 1962 IN VEN TOR. hfifiOLD 19/1197 United States Patent MULTI-CONTACT MANUALLY-OPERATED ELEC- TRIC SWITCH WITH LEVER ACTUATING MEANS Harold Akst, Freeport, N.Y., assignor to Burroughs Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed Oct. 8, 1962, Ser. No. 229,137 3 Claims. (Cl. 200-16) This invention relates generally to electric switches and more particularly to manually-operated toggle switches.

An object of the present invention is to provide a rugged, simply assembled switch having a small number of parts and which may be manufactured at a low cost.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a toggle-type switch having an actuating mechanism which locks the switch contacts in either the open or the closed position to prevent accidental dislodgement.

The foregoing objects and advantages and others will become apparent during the course of the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanied drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of an electric switch embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the structure of FIG. 1 with parts in section;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the structure of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1 with the movable parts of the switch in their opposite extreme positions.

Referring to the drawings in greater detail, designates a frame which is a part of the switch body into which it is assembled by means provided on it for this purpose which include shouldered apertures at each of its sides through which extend posts 12 that are arranged in pairs .at the sides of the switch and serve to join to the frame a terminal board 13 backed up by mounting blocks 14 and 15 at the other end of the switch. The frame 10, which is also a part of a toggle actuating mech anism, provides a pair of pivot axes fixed in spaced relation to each other at which, by means of pins 16 and 18, are pivotally mounted levers 19 and 20, each of which has an end connected to the other within the frame by structure which permits the ends to travel in separate arcuate paths but dependently between two stable conditions of the toggle. Such structure, in the instance, comprises a pin 22 and a slot 23 connection, the pin being carried on the end of the lever which is bifurcated as shown in FIG. 2 to accommodate the slotted end of the lever 19. The pin 22 is actuated directly by manipulation of a handpiece 25 on the free end of the lever 19 and moves across the line joining the pair of pivot pins 16 .and 18 between the position shown in FIG. 1 corresponding to the relaxed condition of the toggle and the position shown in FIG. 4 corresponding to the over-center condition of the toggle. A pair of tension springs 26 connect the pin 22 to the frame as shown to yieldably bias the toggle into its relaxed position.

The handpiece 25 is telescopingly engaged over the free end of the lever 19 and yieldably urged inwardly on such end by a tension spring 27 and against a stop 28 for which purpose slots 29 are provided in the lower end of the handpiece 25. The tension spring 27 has one of its ends affixed on the lever 19 and the other to the inside of the handpiece as shown in FIG. 1. The handpiece 25 is provided with a pair of ears 30 on its lower end below the slot 29 by which it is locked in its throw positions on opposite sides of bosses 31 which project from the top of the frame 10 within an elongated slot 32 in the top cover plate of the switch. The switch also has front, back and side cover plates as shown but is without a bottom cover plate for efiecting electrical connection to the switch as will be later explained. In order to rotate the lever 19 about its pivot axis at the pin 16, the handpiece 25 must be pulled upon outwardly of the free end of the lever 19 against the urging of the spring 27 until cars 30 clear the bosses 31 so that the lever 19 can move within the slot 32 between the bosses 31. Even under the most severe demands of service, the intermediate toggle pin 22 cannot be accidentally dislodged from its extreme positions.

The end of the lever 20 opposite that which carries the pin 22 is coupled to a movable contact assembly 33 by means which include a pin 35 on this end of the lever and slots 36 in the spaced upright sides of a part 37 of the assembly 33. The lever 20 is arranged on its pivot axis at the pin 18 with relation to its operative ends where the pins 22 and 35 are located as a bellcrank to move the pin 35 through an are which, while being the same as that for the intermediate toggle pin 22, will produce a greater axial movement end to end of the switch. The part 37 of the assembly 33 and the slots 36 therein are arranged to one side of the center of the switch where the pin 35 operates as shown and this part is fixed fast to an insulated body portion 38 provided with bores on its opposite sides that make a snug sliding fit with the posts 12 to stabilize the movement of the assembly.

On the underside face of the portion 38 between the posts 12, transverse tracks are provided, as shown, each of which accommodate a pair of bridging contacts 39 that have spring fingers for extended sliding engagement with the upper ends of prong contacts 40 embedded in the terminal board 13. Each contact 39 bridges a trans verse adjacent pair of contacts 40 as shown in FIG. 2 and each of the latter has a lower end which, like the upper end, is insulated from the terminal board 13 by the insulating means shown as indicated at 41. The terminal board 13 and the lower ends of the contacts 40 protruding therefrom serve with the lower edges of the front and back cover plates and with the mounting blocks 14 and 15 as a multicontact plug-in receptacle for effecting electrical multiconnection to the switch. Each transverse adjacent pair of contacts 40 that are bridged by one of the contacts 39 may carry an electrical circuit which will be either interrupted or made depending upon the position of the movable contact assembly in relation to the stationary one. The cooperating contacts 39 and 40 are in make position over the majority of the travel of the movable assembly but its movement is rapid due to the direct toggle action described so that a very smooth and eiilcient make and break action is regularly obtained with multi-contacts. The action of the switch in interrupting the multi-circuits is accelerated by the toggle mechanism described, particularly in the arcuate path of movement imparted to the pin 35 by the intermediate toggle pin 22, and by balanced anti-inertia forces which are imparted to the movable assembly during its disengagement movement by means which include compression springs 42 concentrically disposed individually about each post 12 between the terminal board 13 and the portion 33 of the movable assembly.

It will thus be seen that there has been provided by the present invention an improved electric switch in which the objects hereinabove set forth together with many thoroughly practical advantages have been successfully achieved. It should be understood that variations and changes may be resorted to without departing from the ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An electric switch comprising a frame, a first manually operable lever having a spring-biased handpiece thereupon, said first lever pivoted on said frame and rotatable between two extreme positions, a second lever pivoted on said frame, said second lever in sliding engagement b a with and rotatable in response to the rotation of said first lever, a stop means on said frame, said stop means engaging said handpiece when said first lever is in one of the two extreme positions and preventing the rotation thereof in the absence of a manual force overcoming the spring bias of said handpiece, a support means depending from said frame, a movable contact assembly slid- ;ably positioned on said support means, a terminal board carried by said support means, and actuating means urging said assembly along said support means in response to the rotation of said second lever.

2. The switch of claim 1 further including a first pluraiity of contacts on said assembly and a second plurality of cooperating contacts on said board, the movement of said assembly toward said board effecting electrical multiconnections therebetween.

3. An electric switch comprising a frame, a first manually operable lever having a spring-biased handpiece thereupon, said first lever pivoted on said frame and rotatable between two extreme positions, a second lever pivoted on said frame, said second lever in sliding engagement with and rotatable in response to the rotation of said first lever, a stop means on said frame, said step means References (Iited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,729,756 10/29 Wood 200-153 1,852,336 4/32 Samuels et a1 200153 X 2,174,232 9/39 Baker 200-116 2,211,107 8/40 Fisher et al 200-116 2,370,206 2/45 Taylor -2. 200116 2,654,055 9/53 Kilminster 200163 X BERNARD A. G ILHEANY, Primary Examiner,

Claims (1)

1. AN ELECTRIC SWITCH COMPRISING A FRAME, A FIRST MANUALLY OPERABLE LEVER HAVING A SPRING-BIASED HANDPIECE THEREUPON, SAID FIRST LEVER PIVOTED ON SAID FRAME AND ROTATABLE BETWEEN TWO EXTREME POSITIONS, A SECOND LEVER PIVOTED ON SAID FRAME, SAID SECOND LEVER IN SLIDING ENGAGEMENT WITH AND ROTATABLE IN RESPONSE TO THE ROTATION OF SAID FIRST LEVER, A STOP MEANS ON SAID FRAME, SAID STOP MEANS ENGAGING SAID HANDPIECE WHEN SAID FIRST LEVER IS IN ONE OF THE TWO EXTREME POSITIONS AND PREVENTING THE ROTATION THEREOF IN THE ABSENCE OF A MANUAL FORCE OVERCOMING THE SPRING BIAS OF SAID HANDPIECE, A SUPPORT MEANS DEPENDING FROM SAID FRAME, A MOVABLE CONTACT ASSEMBLY SLIDABLY POSITIONED ON SAID SUPPORT MEANS, A TERMINAL BOARD CARRIED BY SAID SUPPORT MEANS, AND ACTUATING MEANS URGING SAID ASSEMBLY ALONG SAID SUPPORT MEANS IN RESPONSE TO THE ROTATION OF SAID SECOND LEVER.
US229137A 1962-10-08 1962-10-08 Multi-contact manually-operated electric switch with lever actuating means Expired - Lifetime US3187120A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3280275A (en) * 1964-11-30 1966-10-18 Mobil Oil Corp Multicircuit selector switch with guide means
US3302065A (en) * 1965-12-21 1967-01-31 Amp Inc Plugboard actuating mechanism
US3301972A (en) * 1966-02-25 1967-01-31 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Rotary handle mechanism including linkage system with reciprocating circuit breaker handle
US3332043A (en) * 1965-08-05 1967-07-18 Heinemann Electric Co Remote operator for a circuit breaker handle
US3337825A (en) * 1966-03-14 1967-08-22 Brooks William Repeat-cycle switch having an electric motor driving a reciprocating actuator for a plurality of electrical switches
US3377444A (en) * 1966-11-07 1968-04-09 Phillips Petroleum Co Electrical selector switch with improved carriage and dial actuating apparatus
US3412537A (en) * 1966-04-19 1968-11-26 Gilson Brothers Co Adjustable mounting
US3761652A (en) * 1972-01-31 1973-09-25 Mallory & Co Inc P R Bell crank type operating means for simultaneously actuating interlocked pair of electrical switches
US3864535A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-02-04 Westinghouse Electric Corp Control switch assembly
US3903384A (en) * 1974-03-11 1975-09-02 Gen Electric Multipole slide-type disconnect switch having multi-linkage operating means and shutter member
JPS5229949U (en) * 1971-08-18 1977-03-02
EP0049550A1 (en) * 1980-10-02 1982-04-14 B.V. Hollandse Apparatenfabriek "H.A.F." Automatic switching device
US4394549A (en) * 1981-09-30 1983-07-19 Carrier Corporation Electrical connector
US4624321A (en) * 1984-10-03 1986-11-25 Tru-Cut, Inc. Lawn edger wheel mechanism
US4797642A (en) * 1987-12-31 1989-01-10 Hewlett-Packard Company Zero-setback sliding load for network analyzer calibration
AU650269B2 (en) * 1990-05-15 1994-06-16 F. Jonathon M. Turner Direct tension indicator washer
US5397870A (en) * 1991-11-20 1995-03-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Lever operating device for a switch
US5555973A (en) * 1993-04-07 1996-09-17 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Slide switch device
US5847338A (en) * 1996-02-15 1998-12-08 Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd. Breaker device
US5864106A (en) * 1997-01-07 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Battery disconnect switch for electric vehicle
US5990424A (en) * 1997-12-10 1999-11-23 Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd. Breaker device
US6208130B1 (en) * 1996-07-17 2001-03-27 Rpi, Inc. Electrical transfer switch and related method
US6506985B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2003-01-14 Autoneworks Technologies, Ltd. Slide switch including reciprocating to reciprocating movement between actuator assembly and displaced movable contact structure
US6535377B2 (en) * 2000-03-28 2003-03-18 Bull S.A. Power distribution unit for electrical devices
US20110011716A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2011-01-20 Elliott Daniel J Devices and methods related to battery modules

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1729756A (en) * 1926-06-04 1929-10-01 Condit Electrical Mfg Corp Electric-switch-operating mechanism
US1852336A (en) * 1926-06-24 1932-04-05 Maurice M Samuels Electrical switch
US2174232A (en) * 1936-08-26 1939-09-26 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit breaker
US2211107A (en) * 1937-11-29 1940-08-13 Lawrence E Fisher Switch
US2370206A (en) * 1943-01-19 1945-02-27 Chase Shawmut Co Circuit breaker
US2654055A (en) * 1948-01-07 1953-09-29 Ega Electric Ltd Low tension electric switchgear

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1729756A (en) * 1926-06-04 1929-10-01 Condit Electrical Mfg Corp Electric-switch-operating mechanism
US1852336A (en) * 1926-06-24 1932-04-05 Maurice M Samuels Electrical switch
US2174232A (en) * 1936-08-26 1939-09-26 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit breaker
US2211107A (en) * 1937-11-29 1940-08-13 Lawrence E Fisher Switch
US2370206A (en) * 1943-01-19 1945-02-27 Chase Shawmut Co Circuit breaker
US2654055A (en) * 1948-01-07 1953-09-29 Ega Electric Ltd Low tension electric switchgear

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3280275A (en) * 1964-11-30 1966-10-18 Mobil Oil Corp Multicircuit selector switch with guide means
US3332043A (en) * 1965-08-05 1967-07-18 Heinemann Electric Co Remote operator for a circuit breaker handle
US3302065A (en) * 1965-12-21 1967-01-31 Amp Inc Plugboard actuating mechanism
US3301972A (en) * 1966-02-25 1967-01-31 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Rotary handle mechanism including linkage system with reciprocating circuit breaker handle
US3337825A (en) * 1966-03-14 1967-08-22 Brooks William Repeat-cycle switch having an electric motor driving a reciprocating actuator for a plurality of electrical switches
US3412537A (en) * 1966-04-19 1968-11-26 Gilson Brothers Co Adjustable mounting
US3377444A (en) * 1966-11-07 1968-04-09 Phillips Petroleum Co Electrical selector switch with improved carriage and dial actuating apparatus
JPS5229949U (en) * 1971-08-18 1977-03-02
US3761652A (en) * 1972-01-31 1973-09-25 Mallory & Co Inc P R Bell crank type operating means for simultaneously actuating interlocked pair of electrical switches
US3867598A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-02-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Control switch
US3864535A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-02-04 Westinghouse Electric Corp Control switch assembly
US3903384A (en) * 1974-03-11 1975-09-02 Gen Electric Multipole slide-type disconnect switch having multi-linkage operating means and shutter member
EP0049550A1 (en) * 1980-10-02 1982-04-14 B.V. Hollandse Apparatenfabriek "H.A.F." Automatic switching device
US4394549A (en) * 1981-09-30 1983-07-19 Carrier Corporation Electrical connector
US4624321A (en) * 1984-10-03 1986-11-25 Tru-Cut, Inc. Lawn edger wheel mechanism
US4797642A (en) * 1987-12-31 1989-01-10 Hewlett-Packard Company Zero-setback sliding load for network analyzer calibration
EP0323153A1 (en) * 1987-12-31 1989-07-05 Hewlett-Packard Company Coaxial Electrical Connector
AU650269B2 (en) * 1990-05-15 1994-06-16 F. Jonathon M. Turner Direct tension indicator washer
US5397870A (en) * 1991-11-20 1995-03-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Lever operating device for a switch
US5555973A (en) * 1993-04-07 1996-09-17 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Slide switch device
US5847338A (en) * 1996-02-15 1998-12-08 Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd. Breaker device
US6208130B1 (en) * 1996-07-17 2001-03-27 Rpi, Inc. Electrical transfer switch and related method
US5864106A (en) * 1997-01-07 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Battery disconnect switch for electric vehicle
US5990424A (en) * 1997-12-10 1999-11-23 Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd. Breaker device
US6535377B2 (en) * 2000-03-28 2003-03-18 Bull S.A. Power distribution unit for electrical devices
US6506985B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2003-01-14 Autoneworks Technologies, Ltd. Slide switch including reciprocating to reciprocating movement between actuator assembly and displaced movable contact structure
US20110011716A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2011-01-20 Elliott Daniel J Devices and methods related to battery modules
US8481878B2 (en) * 2009-05-28 2013-07-09 Daniel J. Elliott Devices and methods related to battery modules

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