US3182769A - Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like - Google Patents

Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3182769A
US3182769A US107839A US10783961A US3182769A US 3182769 A US3182769 A US 3182769A US 107839 A US107839 A US 107839A US 10783961 A US10783961 A US 10783961A US 3182769 A US3182769 A US 3182769A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
member
members
projection
end
channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US107839A
Inventor
Ridder Ernst J De
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Reynolds Metals Co
Original Assignee
Reynolds Metals Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Reynolds Metals Co filed Critical Reynolds Metals Co
Priority to US107839A priority Critical patent/US3182769A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3182769A publication Critical patent/US3182769A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/008Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by a rotating or sliding and rotating movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/40Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of a number of smaller components rigidly or movably connected together, e.g. interlocking, hingedly connected of particular shape, e.g. not rectangular of variable shape or size, e.g. flexible or telescopic panels

Description

y 1965 E. J. DE RIDDER 3,182,769

INTERLOCKING CONSTRUCTIONS AND PARTS THEREFOR OR'THE LIKE Filed May'4. 1961 FIG."

INVENTOR ERNST J. DQRIDDER HIS ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3 182,7 69 INTERIJOCKING COEISTRUCTIONS AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE Ernst J. De Ridder, Henrico County, Va., assignor to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., 21 corporation of Delaware Filed May 4, 1961, Ser. No. 107,839 Claims. (Cl. 189-36) This invention relates to interlocking constructions and to the parts forming such constructions or the like.

In the .past various structural components have been formed by serially interconnecting together adjacent ends of like structural members by the adjacent complementary interlocking configurations of the members.

7 In general, each of these structural members comprises an outer flat panel having a pair of opposed ends, one of the'ends having a projection and having an inwardly extending leg cooperating with the projection to define a channel therewith. The leg has an outwardly extending end flange provided with a hooked-shaped end. The other end of the panel has an inwardly extending offset leg provided with an inturned flange that is adapted to be interlocked with the leg of an adjacent member by the hooked-shaped end thereof, the offset leg having an end portion adapted to be received in the channel of an adjacent member and having a channel-defining portion receiving the projection of the adjacent member.

Such members are interlocked together by inserting the projection of one of the members in the channel-defining portion of the other member whereby the members are initially disposed angularly relative to each other because the hooked-shaped end of the end flange of one leg engages the end fiangeof the other member. Thereafter, one of the members is pivoted relative to the other to align their outer panels into a common plane and cause the end flange thereof to be interlocked together.

However, it has been found that such an interlocked joint can be pulled apart by forces being applied in opposite directions on the adjacent pair of interlocked members, the forces being approximately 20% of the tensile strength of a corresponding sheet strip having the same cross-sectional thickness and formed of the same material as the interlocked members.

Thus, it is a feature of this invention to provide improved interlocking configurations for such members or the like whereby the joints thereof. have higher tensile strengths and can still be formed in a simple and effective manner.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved interlocking construction having one or more of the novel features hereinafter set forth.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved interlocking member for such constructions or the like. j f" 7 Other obejcts, uses and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part theerof and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary end view of a prior known interlocking member and illustrates the interlocking configurationthereof. I

FIGURE 2 is a view similar to'FIGURE 1 and illustrates a complementary interlocking configurationof an adjacent interlocking member. 1

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentaryend view illustrating the initial step'of interlocking together the members of FIG- URESlandZ. V FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE S' and illustrates the members of FIGURE 3 in their fully inter locked position. I 7

FIGURE 5 is a .view similar to FIGURE 4 and illus- "ice trates how the members of FIGURE 4 separate when forces are applied thereto.

FIGURE 6 is a view similar to FIGURE 1 and illustrates one embodiment of this invention.

FIGURE 7 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 and illustrates another embodiment of this invention.

FIGURE 8 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 and illustrates the members of FIGURES 6 and 7 partially assembled together.

FIGURE 9 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 and illustrates the members of FIGURES 6 and 7 in their fully interlocked position. 7

FIGURE 10 is a view similar to FIGURE 1 and illustrates another embodiment of this invention.

FIGURE 11 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 and illustrates another embodiment of this invention.

' FIGURE 12 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 and illustrates the members of FIGURES 10 and 11 in their partially interlocked condition.

FIGURE 13 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 and illustrates the members of FIGURES 10 and 11 in their fully interlocked position.

FIGURE 14 is a view similar to FIGURE 13 and illustrates still another embodiment of this invention.

While FIGURES l-5 illustrate the interlocking configurations of the prior known interlocking members, it is deemed necessary to fully illustrate and explain the problem that has existed in the past with regard to this prior known arrangement in order to better understand the present invention.

In particular, the prior known interlocking members 20 and 21 of FIGURES 1 and 2 are adapted to be interlocked together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 3 to form the interlocking construction of FIGURE 4. However, it has been found that the interlocking construction of FIG- URE 4 is adapted to be readily separated in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5 when forces are applied thereto in the directions of the arrows whereby the interlocking configuration of FIGURE 4 is adapted to be separated by a force approximately equal to 20% of the tensile strength of a corresponding sheet strip having the same cross-sectional thickness and formed of the same material as the interlocked members 20 and 21.

While the members 20 and 21 can have different complete configurations, each member 20 and 21 is identical to each other whereby FIGURES 1 and 2 respectively illustrate the opposite ends of the members 26 and 21.

For example, each member 20 and 21 has a flat outer panel 22 provided with a pair of opposed ends 23 and 23'.

Each end 23 of the members 20 and 21 includes a projection 24 having an arcuate surface 25 provided with a center of curvature at point 26 located on the plane of the outer surface of its respective panel 22. The end 23 of each member 20 and 21 also includes an inwardly directed leg 27 cooperating with the'projection 24 to define a channel 28 therewith and having an outwardly directed end flange 29 provided with a hooked-shaped end 30.

'Each end 23' of the members 20 and 21 includes an inwardly directed offsetleg 31 having an end portion 32 adapted to be received in the channel 28 of the adjacent member 20.; The offset leg 31 has a channeLdefining portion 33 which defines a channel 34 adapted to receive the projection 24 of the adjacent member 20. The offset leg 31 has aninturned end flange 35 adapted to be interlocked with the endflange 29 of the adjacent member 20. The members 20 and 21 are adapted to be interlocked together. in the manner illustrated in FIGURES by havmember 21 toward the member along an arc represented by an arrow in FIGURE 3, the end flange of the member 21 is adapted to snap past the hooked-shaped end 30 of the end fiange 29 of the member 20 to hold the members 2i) and 21 in an interlocked relation with the panels 22 thereof disposed in a common plane as illustrated in FIGURE 4. 7

When the member 21 is moved from the position illustrated in FIGURE 3 to the position illustrated in FIG- URE 4, the center of rotation of the member 21 is at the point 26 previously described, which is disposed on the plane of the upper surface of the panel 22 of the interlocking member 20. Such rotational movement of the member 21 relative to the member 29 is permitted by the arcuate surface 36 of the channel-defining portion 33 of the member 21 sliding along the arcuate surface 25 of the projection 24 of the member 22.

It has been found that the reason Why the interlocked members 20 and 21 can be separated in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5 with a relatively small force is because the end portion 32 of the member 21 makes sliding contact With the projection 24 of the member 26 at a relatively large obtuse angle A as illustrated in FEG- URE 4.

This relatively large abtuse angle A formed by the sliding contact of the engaging surfaces of the end portion 32 and the projection 24 results from the arcuate surface 25 of the projection 24 having its center of curvature disposed on the plane of the outer surface of the panel 22of the member 2t).

Accordingly, it has been found by this invention that the smaller the angle A previously described, the larger the force required to separate the joint formed between the interlocking members. Accordingly, it was found by the teachings of this invention that the angle A can be reduced by moving the center of rotation of the adjacent members downwardly from the plane of the outer surface of the members.

In particular, improved interlocking members 37 and 38 of this invention are respectively illustrated in FIG- URES 6 and 7 and are adapted to be interlocked together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 8, to form the interlocking construction illustrated in FIGURE 9.

The interlocking members 37 and 38, in a manner similar to the interlocking members 20 and 21, each comprises an outer panel 39 having a pair of opposed ends 40 and 41 illustrated respectively in FIGURES 6 and 7.

Each end 40 has an inwardly offset projection 42 provided with an outer arcuate surface &3 which has a center of curvature 44 disposed a distance :1 below the plane of the outer surface of the panel 39 of the respective member 37 or 38.

A leg 45 extends downwardly from each end 40 of the members 37 and 38 and has an outwardly directed end flange 46 provided with a hooked-shaped end 37, the leg 45 cooperating with a slanting surface 48 of the projection 44 to define a channel 49 therewith.

Each end 41 of the members 37 and 38 has an inwardly directed otfset leg 50 provided with an end portion 51 adapted to be received in the channel 49 of the adjacent member 3'7 and an inturned end flange 52 adapted to be interlocked with an adjacent end flange 46 of an adjacent interlocking member in the manner previously described. The oifset'leg 50 includes a channel-defining portion 53 having an arcuate surface 54 provided with a center of curvature 55 disposed a distance a inwardly from the plane of the outer surface of the panel 39 thereof in the same manner that the center of curvature 44 of the projection 42 is disposed inwardly from the plane of the outer surface of its respective' panel 39. The channeldefining portion 53 of each offset leg 50 defines an outwardly facing channel 56 adapted to receive the projection 42 of the. adjacent member 37.

The interlocking members 37 and 38 are adapted to be assembled together in the manner illustrated in FIG- URE 8, whereby the projection 42 of the member 37 is received in the channel 56 of the member 33, the member 38 being initially held angularly relative to the member 37 by the hooked-shaped end 47 of the member 37.

Thereafter, the member 38 is rotated or pivoted in the direction illustrated by the arrow in FIGURE 8 to cause the end flange 52 thereof to cam past the hookedshaped and 47 of the end flange 46 and interlock the members 37 and 38 together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 9, the member 38 being pivoted or rotated during such interlocking movement about a center of rotation corresponding to the superimposed points of curvature M ami 55 of the adjacent sections 37 and 38 which are disposed inwardly from the plane of the outer surface of the panel 39 of the member 37.

After the interlocking members 37 and 38 have been interlocked together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 8, it can be seen, as illustrated in FIGURE 9, that a slanting surface 57 of the end portion 51 of the member 38 makes sliding contact with the slanting surface 48 of the projection 42 of the member 37 at an obtuse angle A, the angle A of the interlocking construction of FIGURE 9 being smaller than the angle A of the prior art interlocking construction of FIGURE 4 previously described. Thus, it can be seen that a greater force must be applied to the interlocked members 37 and 38 to pull the same apart than the force required to pull apart the interlocked members 2% and 21 previously'described.

Accordingly, the interlocking construction illustrated in FIGURE 9 provides a stronger joint between adjacent members 37 and 38 than the joint provided between the members 20 and 21, because the angle A of the interlocking construction of FIGURE 9 is less than the angle A of the interlocking construction of FIGURE 4.

It has further been found that if the angle A previously described is made less than. degrees an even stronger joint construction will be provided.

Accordingly, the interlocking construction of this invention illustrated in FIGURE 13 has a sliding A less than 90 degrees and is formed by interlocking together the interlocking members 58 and 59 of FIGURES 10 and 11 in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 12.

Each member 58 and 59 comprises an outer flat panel 6%) having a pair of opposed ends Gland 62.

The end 61 of each member 58 and 59 is provided with an offset projection 63 provided with an arcuate surface 64 having a center of curvature 65 disposed a distance b below the plane of the outer surface of its respective panel 66.

An inwardly directed leg 66 extends from each end 6]. of the members 58 and 59 and cooperates with a slanting surface 67 of the projection 64 to define a channel 68 therewith, the slanting surface 67 of the projection 64 diverging away from the leg 66 as the leg 66 and projection 64 approach the paneled. The leg 66 is also provided with an outwardly directed end flange 69 having a hooked-shaped end 70.

Each end 62 of the members 58 and 59 includes an inwardly directed offset leg 71 having an end portion 72 and an inturned end flange 73. Each leg 71 has a channel defining portion 74 provided with an arcuate surface 75 having a center of curvature 76 disposed a distance 25 below the plane of the outer surface of the .panel 60 thereof in the same manner that the point 65 is disposed below such plane. The channel-defining portion 74 of each offset leg 71 defines a channel 77.

The members 58 and 59 are adapted to be interlocked together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 12 by disposing the projection 64 of the member 58 in the channel 77 of the member 59, as illustrated in FIGURE 12, whereby the hooked-shaped end 79 0f the member 58 holds the member 59 in an angular position relative to the member Thereafter, the member 59 rotated or pivoted in the direction indicated by the arrow in'FIGURE 12 to cause the end flange 73 thereof to interlock with the end flange 69, in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 13, the member 59 being moved about an arc of rotation having its center formed by the superimposed points 65 and 76 of the members 58 and 59 which are disposed inwardly from the plane of the outer surface of the panel 60 of the member 58.

When the members 58 and 59 have been interlocked together in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 13, it can be seen thata slanting surface 78 of the end portion 72 of the member 59 makes sliding contact with the slanting surface 62 of the projection 64 of the member 58 at an angle A which is less than 90 degrees. Thus, a greater force is required to pull apart the interlocked members 58 and 59 than the force required to pull apart the interlocked members 37 and 38 previously described.

Accordingly, it can be seen that the interlocking configurations of the members 37, 38 and 58, 59 of this invention are greatly improved over the prior known interlocking configurations of the members 20 and 21 whereby stronger joints are provided between the interlocking members of this invention, while the same are still adapted to be assembled together in a minimum of time and effort.

Any of the interlocking members of this invention can be modified in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 14 wherein the interlocked members 580 and 59a are formed substantially identically to the members 58 and 59 previously described. However, the leg 71a of the member 5941 is provided with an outwardly extending hookedshaped projection 79 adapted to be received in a complementary recess 80 formed in the leg 66a of the member 58a.

In this manner, when a force is imposed downwardly on the panel 60a of the member 59a the resulting force normally directed through the leg 71a to'the end flange 73a thereof which tends to cause rotation of the end flange 6% of the member 58a downwardly, as indicated by the arrow, is partially borne by the leg 66w of the member 5811, because the projection 79 of the leg 71a of the member transmits such force to the leg 66a of the member 58a. Thus, it can be seen that the modification illustrated in FIGURE 14 requires a stronger force to separate the members 5801 and 59:11 when a force is applied to the panel 60w of the member 59a thereof than would be required when the same is applied to the panel 60 of the member 59 of the interlocking construction illustrated in FIGURE 13. I

While the form of the invention now preferred has been disclosed as required by the statutes, other forms may be used, all coming within the scope of the claims which follow. a

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a pair of interlocked members each having an adjacent end and an outer panel disposed in the same plane as the panel of the other member, one

of said members having a projection offset inwardly from its panel at the end thereof and having an inwardly extending leg spaced from said projection and defining a channel therewith, said projection having an arcuate surface provided with a center of curvature disposed inwardly of the plane of said one member, the other member having an offset leg extending inwardly from the end thereof and having a channel-defining portion receiving said projection on said one member, said channel-defining portion having an arcuate surface disposed in sliding contact with said first-named arcuate surface whereby said members are pivotally movable relative to each other when being interlocked together, said offset leg 'of said other member having an end portion received in said channel of said one member.

2. In combination, a pair of interlocked members each having an adjacent end and having an outer panel disposed in the same plane as the plane of the other member, one of said members having a projection oflset inwardly from its panel at the end thereof and having an inwardly extending leg spaced from said projection and defining a channel therewith, said projection having an arcuate surface provided with a center of curvature disposed inwardly of the plane of said one member, the other member having an offset leg extending inwardly from the end thereof and having a channel-defining portion receiving said projection on said one member, said channel-defining portion having an arcuate surface disposed in sliding contact with said first-named arcuate surface whereby said members are pivotally movable relative to each other when being interlocked together, said leg of said one member having an outwardly extending end flange provided with a hooked shaped end, said offset leg of said other member having an inturned end flange interlocked with said end flange of said one member by said hook-shaped end thereof.

3. In combination, a pair of interlocked members each having an adjacent end and an outer panel disposed in the same plane as the panel of the other member, one of said members having a projection offset inwardly from its panel at the end thereof and having an inwardly extending leg spaced from said projection and defining a channel therewith, said projection having an arcuate surface provided with a center of curvature disposed inwardly of the plane of said one member, said leg having an outwardly directed end flange provided with a hooked-shaped end, the other member having an offset leg extending inwardly from the end thereof and having an end portion received in said channel of said one member, said offset leg having a channel-defining portion receiving said projection on said one member and being provided with an arcuate surface disposed in sliding contact with said firstnamed arcuate surface whereby said members are pivotally movable relative to each other when being interlocked together, said offset leg having an inturned end flange interlocked with said end flange of said one member by said hooked-shaped end thereof.

4. A combination as set forth in claim 3 wherein said legs of said members respectively have an interlocking tongue and groove arrangement.

5. An interlocking member having an outer panel provided with a pair of opposed ends, one of said ends having a projection offset inwardly'therefrom and having a leg extending inwardly therefrom and defining a channel with said projection, said projection having an arcuate pivoting surface provided with a center of curvature disposed inwardly of the plane of said outer panel, the other of said ends having an inwardly extending offset leg provided with an end portion adapted to be received in the channel of a like member, said offset leg having a channel-defining portion adapted to receive the projection of a like member, said channel-defining portion having an arcuate surface adapted to be disposed in sliding engagement with the first-named arcuate surface of a like member, said leg of said one end of said member having an outwardly extending end flange provided with a hook-shaped end, said offset leg having an inturned end flange adapted to be interlocked to said first-named end flange of said like member.

References Cited by the Examiner V UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,706,924 3/29 Kane 189-34 1,913,342 6/33 Schaffert 18934 2,180,317 11/39 Davis 189-34 2,512,662 6/50 Marini 23779 3,055,461 9/62 De Ritter 189-34 3,100,556 8/63 De Ritter 189-34 HARRISON R. MOSELEY, Primary Examiner. CORNELIUS D. ANGEL, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. IN COMBINATION, A PAIR OF INTERLOCKED MEMBERS EACH HAVING AN ADJACENT END AND AN OUTER PANEL DISPOSED IN THE SAME PLANE AS THE PANEL OF THE OTHER MEMBER, ONE OF SAID MEMBERS HAVING A PROJECTION OFFSET INWARDLY FROM ITS PANEL AT THE END THEREOF AND HAVING AN INWARDLY EXTENDING LEG SPACED FROM SAID PROJECTION AND DEFINING A CHANNEL THEREWITH, SAID PROJECTION HAVING AN ARCUATE SURFACE PROVIDED WITH A CENTER OF CURVATURE DISPOSED INWARDLY OF THE PLANE OF SAID ONE MEMBER, THE OTHER MEMBER HAVING AN OFFSET LEG EXTENDING INWARDLY FROM THE END THEREOF AND HAVING A CHANNEL-DEFINING PORTION RECEIVING SAID PROJECTION ON SAID ONE MEMBER, SAID CHANNEL-DEFINGING PORTION HAVING AN ARCUATE SURFACE DISPOSED IN SLIDING CONTACT WITH SAID FIRST-NAMED ARCUATE SURFACAE WHEREBY SAID MEMBERS ARE PIVOTALLY MOVABLE RELATIVE TO EACH OTHER WHEN BEING INTERLOCKED TOGETHER, SAID OFFSET LEG OF SAID OTHER MEMBER HAVING AN END PORTION RECEIVED IN SAID CHANNEL OF SAID ONE MEMBER.
US107839A 1961-05-04 1961-05-04 Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like Expired - Lifetime US3182769A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US107839A US3182769A (en) 1961-05-04 1961-05-04 Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US107839A US3182769A (en) 1961-05-04 1961-05-04 Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like
GB3591661A GB1007147A (en) 1961-05-04 1961-10-05 Interlocking panel members and assemblies thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3182769A true US3182769A (en) 1965-05-11

Family

ID=22318752

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US107839A Expired - Lifetime US3182769A (en) 1961-05-04 1961-05-04 Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3182769A (en)
GB (1) GB1007147A (en)

Cited By (89)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3269072A (en) * 1963-08-26 1966-08-30 Pullman Inc Vehicle floor construction
US3298602A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-01-17 Joseph M Christensen Coin receptacle
US3663059A (en) * 1970-09-23 1972-05-16 Donald E Omlie Furniture construction
US3965546A (en) * 1975-08-07 1976-06-29 R. L. Kuss & Co., Inc. Plastic film connector for inflatable structures
WO1980002268A1 (en) * 1979-04-20 1980-10-30 M Birkeland Load-bearing,torsionally rigid metal platform
US4549771A (en) * 1982-03-22 1985-10-29 Compagnie Industrielle De Mecanismes Composite structure and in particular a slide for a window raiser of an automobile vehicle
US4696132A (en) * 1985-04-22 1987-09-29 Leblanc J T Foldable shelter system and method of construction
US4748783A (en) * 1983-05-02 1988-06-07 Martinray Industries, Ltd. Hinged closure panel with integral hinge member
US4817538A (en) * 1984-05-30 1989-04-04 Bang & Olufsen Of America, Inc. Construction system for shelves
US5050362A (en) * 1989-01-19 1991-09-24 Polygal Constructional panels
EP0505681A2 (en) * 1991-03-23 1992-09-30 Rittal-Werk Rudolf Loh GmbH & Co. KG Device for mounting a panel in a case opening
US5159788A (en) * 1991-07-02 1992-11-03 Dant Corporation Closed decking system for stadium seating
WO1996006241A1 (en) * 1994-08-19 1996-02-29 Norman Douglas Gill Structure of interlocking members
GB2309986A (en) * 1994-08-19 1997-08-13 Norman Douglas Gill Structure of interlocking members
US5896717A (en) * 1994-08-19 1999-04-27 Gill; Norman Douglas Structure of interlocking members
US6216409B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-04-17 Valerie Roy Cladding panel for floors, walls or the like
US6324809B1 (en) 1997-11-25 2001-12-04 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Article with interlocking edges and covering product prepared therefrom
US6345481B1 (en) 1997-11-25 2002-02-12 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Article with interlocking edges and covering product prepared therefrom
US6449918B1 (en) 1999-11-08 2002-09-17 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Multipanel floor system panel connector with seal
US6460306B1 (en) 1999-11-08 2002-10-08 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Interconnecting disengageable flooring system
US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040035078A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-02-26 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US20040244325A1 (en) * 1999-11-08 2004-12-09 Nelson Thomas J. Laminate flooring
US20050023944A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Kevin Baker Interlocking component assembly system
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20050097860A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2005-05-12 Goran Martensson Floor element with guiding means
US20050166516A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20060201095A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-14 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060265641A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 International Business Machines Corporation Custom report generation
US20070062960A1 (en) * 2005-09-19 2007-03-22 Target Brands, Inc. Handbasket
US7386963B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-06-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7431979B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2008-10-07 Kronotec Ag Wood fiberboard
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7454875B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2008-11-25 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US7484337B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2009-02-03 Kronotec. Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7506481B2 (en) 2003-12-17 2009-03-24 Kronotec Ag Building board for use in subfloors
US7516588B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2009-04-14 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US7550202B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2009-06-23 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US7562431B2 (en) 2004-01-30 2009-07-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US7617651B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2009-11-17 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US7621092B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2009-11-24 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US7637068B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2009-12-29 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7677001B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring systems and methods for installation
US7678425B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7845140B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-12-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7854986B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-12-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7886497B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2011-02-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US7908816B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2011-03-22 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US8003168B2 (en) 2003-09-06 2011-08-23 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building panel
US8042484B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2011-10-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8176698B2 (en) 2003-10-11 2012-05-15 Kronotec Ag Panel
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US8245477B2 (en) 2002-04-08 2012-08-21 Välinge Innovation AB Floorboards for floorings
US8250825B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2012-08-28 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US8475871B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2013-07-02 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8584423B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2013-11-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US20140007540A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2014-01-09 Casata Technologies Inc. Architectural Pavements in Elevated Exterior Deck Applications
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8850769B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2014-10-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards for floating floors
US8919063B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2014-12-30 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board having a pattern applied onto side surfaces and conecting mechanisms thereof
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9366018B1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-14 Dant Clayton Corporation Long span stadium riser system
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US20160220023A1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-08-04 Lock & Load Shelving Systems Pty Ltd Adustable floating shelving systems
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
CN108194466A (en) * 2016-12-08 2018-06-22 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Buckle-type profile clamping strip

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1683065B1 (en) * 1966-11-28 1971-12-02 Ici Ltd Hollow profile connection in particular for window or door frames
FR2520483A1 (en) * 1982-01-28 1983-07-29 Mac Gregor International Sa Profile of a quick assembly system including walls used as construction element, such as the top plate of a closure hatch panel, a floor; walls or slabs built with this profile
DE4412616C2 (en) * 1993-04-24 2000-12-14 Volkswagen Ag Apparatus for forming a annullable form-fitting connection between two components

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1706924A (en) * 1926-06-12 1929-03-26 Truscon Steel Co Metal roof-deck construction
US1913342A (en) * 1930-07-03 1933-06-06 Truscon Steel Co Metal structure
US2180317A (en) * 1939-05-27 1939-11-14 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Metal decking
US2512662A (en) * 1947-06-11 1950-06-27 Marver Metal Mfg Co Furniture
US3055461A (en) * 1959-07-13 1962-09-25 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1706924A (en) * 1926-06-12 1929-03-26 Truscon Steel Co Metal roof-deck construction
US1913342A (en) * 1930-07-03 1933-06-06 Truscon Steel Co Metal structure
US2180317A (en) * 1939-05-27 1939-11-14 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Metal decking
US2512662A (en) * 1947-06-11 1950-06-27 Marver Metal Mfg Co Furniture
US3055461A (en) * 1959-07-13 1962-09-25 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members

Cited By (217)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3269072A (en) * 1963-08-26 1966-08-30 Pullman Inc Vehicle floor construction
US3298602A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-01-17 Joseph M Christensen Coin receptacle
US3663059A (en) * 1970-09-23 1972-05-16 Donald E Omlie Furniture construction
US3965546A (en) * 1975-08-07 1976-06-29 R. L. Kuss & Co., Inc. Plastic film connector for inflatable structures
WO1980002268A1 (en) * 1979-04-20 1980-10-30 M Birkeland Load-bearing,torsionally rigid metal platform
US4549771A (en) * 1982-03-22 1985-10-29 Compagnie Industrielle De Mecanismes Composite structure and in particular a slide for a window raiser of an automobile vehicle
US4748783A (en) * 1983-05-02 1988-06-07 Martinray Industries, Ltd. Hinged closure panel with integral hinge member
US4817538A (en) * 1984-05-30 1989-04-04 Bang & Olufsen Of America, Inc. Construction system for shelves
US4696132A (en) * 1985-04-22 1987-09-29 Leblanc J T Foldable shelter system and method of construction
US5050362A (en) * 1989-01-19 1991-09-24 Polygal Constructional panels
EP0505681A3 (en) * 1991-03-23 1994-06-29 Loh Kg Rittal Werk Device for mounting a panel in a case opening
EP0505681A2 (en) * 1991-03-23 1992-09-30 Rittal-Werk Rudolf Loh GmbH & Co. KG Device for mounting a panel in a case opening
US5159788A (en) * 1991-07-02 1992-11-03 Dant Corporation Closed decking system for stadium seating
US7823359B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-11-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US20050166502A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab. Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US20060283127A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2006-12-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US7121059B2 (en) 1994-04-29 2006-10-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
GB2309986B (en) * 1994-08-19 1998-01-14 Norman Douglas Gill Structure of interlocking members
WO1996006241A1 (en) * 1994-08-19 1996-02-29 Norman Douglas Gill Structure of interlocking members
GB2309986A (en) * 1994-08-19 1997-08-13 Norman Douglas Gill Structure of interlocking members
US5896717A (en) * 1994-08-19 1999-04-27 Gill; Norman Douglas Structure of interlocking members
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7131242B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2006-11-07 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20060248836A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2006-11-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8402709B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2013-03-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040221537A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-11-11 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7497058B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2009-03-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7757453B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-07-20 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7712280B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-11 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7707793B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-04 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698869B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7677008B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20110023405A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2011-02-03 Stefan Simon Gustaaf Moriau Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060225370A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236636A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236637A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236631A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor Panels with edge connectors
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248831A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060254185A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060254183A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060260249A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665268B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070107363A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-17 Unlin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070107360A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7328536B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-02-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053028A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7467499B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2008-12-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053027A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060201095A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-14 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US6324809B1 (en) 1997-11-25 2001-12-04 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Article with interlocking edges and covering product prepared therefrom
US6345481B1 (en) 1997-11-25 2002-02-12 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Article with interlocking edges and covering product prepared therefrom
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US6922964B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2005-08-02 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US7386963B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-06-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US6216409B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-04-17 Valerie Roy Cladding panel for floors, walls or the like
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US20050097860A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2005-05-12 Goran Martensson Floor element with guiding means
US7614197B2 (en) 1999-11-08 2009-11-10 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Laminate flooring
US6449918B1 (en) 1999-11-08 2002-09-17 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Multipanel floor system panel connector with seal
US20040244325A1 (en) * 1999-11-08 2004-12-09 Nelson Thomas J. Laminate flooring
US6769217B2 (en) 1999-11-08 2004-08-03 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Interconnecting disengageable flooring system
US6460306B1 (en) 1999-11-08 2002-10-08 Premark Rwp Holdings, Inc. Interconnecting disengageable flooring system
US6898913B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2005-05-31 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8234831B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2012-08-07 Välinge Innovation AB Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US7779596B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2010-08-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8011155B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2011-09-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US8578675B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-11-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Process for sealing of a joint
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US7003925B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2006-02-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for floorboards
US7398625B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2008-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system for floorboards
US6918220B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2005-07-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking systems for floorboards
US20050055943A1 (en) * 2000-04-10 2005-03-17 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US8793958B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-08-05 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9376823B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-06-28 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US7171791B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2007-02-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US8584423B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2013-11-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US7275350B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2007-10-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Method of making a floorboard and method of making a floor with the floorboard
US20060075713A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2006-04-13 Valinge Aluminium Method Of Making A Floorboard And Method Of Making A Floor With The Floorboard
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US8250825B2 (en) 2001-09-20 2012-08-28 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US20040035078A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-02-26 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US7926234B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2011-04-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards with decorative grooves
US8683698B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2014-04-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for making floorboards with decorative grooves
US7137229B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2006-11-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards with decorative grooves
US7637068B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2009-12-29 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7757452B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2010-07-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US8245477B2 (en) 2002-04-08 2012-08-21 Välinge Innovation AB Floorboards for floorings
US7051486B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2006-05-30 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US8850769B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2014-10-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards for floating floors
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US7739849B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2010-06-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US8833029B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2014-09-16 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US8257791B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2012-09-04 Kronotec Ag Process of manufacturing a wood fiberboard, in particular floor panels
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7431979B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2008-10-07 Kronotec Ag Wood fiberboard
US7617651B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2009-11-17 Kronotec Ag Floor panel
US9169658B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2015-10-27 Kronotec Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7484337B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2009-02-03 Kronotec. Ag Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7790293B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-09-07 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US8016969B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2011-09-13 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7678425B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7677001B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-03-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring systems and methods for installation
US7845140B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2010-12-07 Valinge Innovation Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7908816B2 (en) 2003-03-24 2011-03-22 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
WO2007020484A3 (en) * 2003-07-29 2007-04-19 Thai Universal Office Products Interlocking component assembly system
WO2007020484A2 (en) * 2003-07-29 2007-02-22 Thai Universal Office Products Interlocking component assembly system
US20050023944A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Kevin Baker Interlocking component assembly system
US8003168B2 (en) 2003-09-06 2011-08-23 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building panel
US8176698B2 (en) 2003-10-11 2012-05-15 Kronotec Ag Panel
US7886497B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2011-02-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8613826B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2013-12-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8293058B2 (en) 2003-12-02 2012-10-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US7506481B2 (en) 2003-12-17 2009-03-24 Kronotec Ag Building board for use in subfloors
US9322183B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2016-04-26 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US7516588B2 (en) 2004-01-13 2009-04-14 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050166516A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US7562431B2 (en) 2004-01-30 2009-07-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US7816001B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2010-10-19 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US7550202B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2009-06-23 Kronotec Ag Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US9623433B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2017-04-18 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8042484B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2011-10-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Appliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US7454875B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2008-11-25 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US7841144B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20060265641A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 International Business Machines Corporation Custom report generation
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US7854986B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-12-21 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8475871B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2013-07-02 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US8919063B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2014-12-30 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board having a pattern applied onto side surfaces and conecting mechanisms thereof
US20070062960A1 (en) * 2005-09-19 2007-03-22 Target Brands, Inc. Handbasket
US9816278B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2017-11-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US7621092B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2009-11-24 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US20140007540A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2014-01-09 Casata Technologies Inc. Architectural Pavements in Elevated Exterior Deck Applications
US9725904B2 (en) 2006-06-26 2017-08-08 Casata Technologies Inc. Architectural pavements in elevated exterior deck applications
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631623B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2014-01-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US20160220023A1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-08-04 Lock & Load Shelving Systems Pty Ltd Adustable floating shelving systems
US9366018B1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-14 Dant Clayton Corporation Long span stadium riser system
CN108194466A (en) * 2016-12-08 2018-06-22 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Buckle-type profile clamping strip

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1007147A (en) 1965-10-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3563582A (en) Spline joint
US3239988A (en) Automobile trim assembly
US3627362A (en) Spline and seat connector assemblies
US3399916A (en) Interlocking building elements
US3584904A (en) Locking connection for supporting grid systems
US3267626A (en) Composite panel with insulating insert
US4045927A (en) Wall construction
US2924312A (en) Punch and die assembly for making interlocking integral fasteners
US5699638A (en) Stucco arch casing bead
US4733510A (en) Framed panel assembly
US2492566A (en) Connector strip
US4969250A (en) Fascia assembly and method of making same
US3894377A (en) Fastener clip
US4616951A (en) Coupling
US2752174A (en) Hinged pipe coupling and method of making the same
US2183174A (en) Insulated duct construction
US2508032A (en) Structural metal member
US2560786A (en) Method of forming bracket units
US3191724A (en) Hollow wall constructions and parts therefor
US4182087A (en) Swimming pool
US3144733A (en) Clip construction
US2741344A (en) Knock-down metal door frame
US4635422A (en) Interlocking seal for insulated panels
GB2117813A (en) Pivotal assembly of insulated wall panels
US3363386A (en) Rivetless and screwless connection for force fit and sliding fit of adjacent structural elements