US3176853A - Mobile lift apparatus - Google Patents

Mobile lift apparatus Download PDF

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US3176853A
US3176853A US38113764A US3176853A US 3176853 A US3176853 A US 3176853A US 38113764 A US38113764 A US 38113764A US 3176853 A US3176853 A US 3176853A
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grapple
arms
frames
frame
lift
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George J Baudhuin
Arnold C Petersen
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DROTT Manufacturing CORP
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DROTT Manufacturing CORP
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/22Rigid members, e.g. L-shaped members, with parts engaging the under surface of the loads; Crane hooks
    • B66C1/223Rigid members, e.g. L-shaped members, with parts engaging the under surface of the loads; Crane hooks for containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C19/00Cranes comprising trolleys or crabs running on fixed or movable bridges or gantries
    • B66C19/007Cranes comprising trolleys or crabs running on fixed or movable bridges or gantries for containers

Description

G. J. BAUDHUIN ETAL April 6, 1965 MOBILE LIFT APPARATUS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed May 23. 1960 kmcm r INVENTORS GEORGE .J. BAUDHUIN BPNOLD C.PETERSEN II as.

5 Sheets-Sheet 2 G. J. BAUDHUIN ETAL MOBILE LIFT APPARATUS April 6, 1965 Original Filed May 231960 N mmx TUn w E v NME c m A llf m M r ER ,llllv GAW 9: 3? ma )0 m9 m6 7 xiii. 1 1 n A m3 m2 8 5 $2 AS a a: 2 Aw mm 1 $7 a? April 6, 16 5 G. J. BAUDHUIN ETAL 3, ,853

MOBILE LIFT APPARATUS Original Filed May 23, 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 R 3 MR 9% m2 um um INVENTORS GEORGE J. BAUDHUIN ARNOLD C.

PETERSEN {I efltbys? April 6, 1965 G. J. BAUDHUIN ETAL 3, 5

MOBILE LIFT APPARATUS 5, Sheets-Sheet 5 Original Filed May 23, 1960 United States Patent 3,176,853 MBEFLE LEFT APPARATUS George .l. Baudhnin and Arnold C. Petersen, both of thungeon, Bay, Wis., assignors, by mesne assignn cuts, to Drott Manufacturing Corporation, Milwaukee, Win, a corporation of Wisconsin Original application May 23, 1960, Ser. No. 30,947, new Patent No. 3,161,309, dated Dec. 15, 1964. Divided and this application .iuly 3, 1964, Ser. No. 331,137

4 tllaims. (Cl. 212-14) This application is a division of our copending application, Serial No. 30,947, filed May 23, 1960, now Patent No. 3,161,309, issued December 15, 1964.

This invention relates to load handling apparatus and particularly to an improved grapple mechanism for use on a mobile lift for handling large articles.

An important object of this invention i to provide a lift apparatus of the type which is adapted to lift and transfer large units such as truck trailers, trailer bodies and the like between a railroad car and a loading station, and which has an improved grapple which enables handling of such large bodies without necessitating special fitting on the bodies.

Another object of this invention is to provide a grapple for handling large units such as truck bodies and the like, and which does not require a high overhead clearance when moving the gapple laterally into and out of position over the body or unit.

A more particular object of thi invention is to provide a grapple for large objects and which has depending arms for engaging and supporting the body and in which the arms are foldable to a generally horizontal position to facilitate movement of the grapple into and out of position over the body.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a grapple for handling large objects, in which the grapple can pick up and transfer the object even when there is some misalignment between the object and the grapple.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a grapple having depending load engaging arms for supporting the object and in which the arms are supported to enable limited movement in a direction longitudinally and crosswise of the lift apparatus to thereby accommodate minor shifting of the load due to inertia when moving the same without overatressing of the grapple mechanism.

A further object of this invention is to provide a grapple construction having opposed pairs of load supporting arms which are movable toward and away from each other into and out of a load supporting position and in which the arms are also swingable to a generally horizontal retracted position, and which grapple has a novel arrangement for manipulating the arms to effect movement of the same into and out of their article supporting position.

A still further object is to provide a load handling apparatus in which the load is supported on carriages movable on horizontal beams which are vertically movable in upright frames and which are guided by the frames securely to support the load.

These, together with various ancillary objects and advantages of this invention will be more readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

MG. 1 is a perspective view of a mobile lift device having a load supporting grapple apparatus mounted thereon;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the grapple apparatus;

FIG. 3 is an end elevational view of the grapple apparatus illustrating the manner in which it is supported on the mobile lift;

aliases Fatented Apr. 6, i365 ice FIG. 4 is an elevational view of the left side of the pp FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view taken on the plane 5-5 of FIG. 3 illustrating on a larger scale the mounting of the grapple arms on the frame;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary transverse sectional View taken on the plane 6--6 of FIG. 4;

PEG. 7 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional View taken on the plane 7-7 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram illustrating the hydraulic circuit for the mobile lift and grapple.

The load handling apparatus of the present invention is generally adapted for use in handling relatively large objects such as truck trailers, dernountable trailer bodies, and the like, to lift the same and move the bodies laterally and/ or longitudinally for loading and unloading the same from a loading station, railroad car or the like, or, alternatively, to transport the bodies from one location to another. The load handling apparatus includes a grapple apparatus ill for engaging and supporting the bodies, and which grapple apparatus is generally adapted for use with a mobile lift of the type which has mechanism for lifting the grapple and for moving the grapple laterally into and out of position over the body to be transported. One suitable mobile lift is shown in FIG. 1 and is of the type generally disclosed in the patent to George J. Baudhuin No. 2,909,298, and in the copcnding application of George J. Baudhuin and Arnold C. Petersen, Serial No. 854,921, filed November 23, 1959, now abandoned, for Mobile Lift Device. In general, the mobile lift includes first and second gantry-type frames designated ii and i2, hereinafter sometimes referred to as the front and rear frames, it being understood that this designation is for convenience in describing the invention and that the mobile lift can be propelled in either direction. The front frame ll includes spaced legs 13 and i4, herein shown formed with a box-type cross-section, and a connecting bridge l5 having a generally H-shaped crosssection. Spaced side members 17 and 18 are attached to the legs 13 and i4 and extend rearwardly therefrom. The rear frame 12 is similarly constructed and includes spaced legs 21 and 22 and a connecting bridge 23. The rear frame is advantageously mounted for adjustment toward and away from the front frame and for this purpose is attached to elongated bearing members or sleeves 27 which are slidable along the side members 17 and i8 and arranged to be locked in adjusted position, as by screws 23. Front and rear wheel mounting brackets or forks 32 and 33 are provided for supporting the lift device on wheels 34 and 35, respectively. At least one set of wheels is mounted for steering movement and as herein shown the front wheel forks 32 are mounted for turning movement about an axis aligned with the legs 12 and 13 of the front frame lti. Turning of the front wheels is etfected by hydraulic steering cylinders 33L and 33R on the left and right sides of the vehicle respectively. As best shown in PEG. 8, the steering cylinders are pivotally connected at 3? to a respective one of the side members 17 and 1S and a piston rod 41 on each cylinder is pivotally attached to a respec tive one of the front wheel forks 32 at a point spaced radially outwardly of the pivot axis of the forks. Fluid is supplied to the cylinders under the control of a 4way valve 45 which is rotatable about an upright axis 45a and is connected through a linkage diagrammatically indicated at as to one of the front wheel forks for turning movement therewith. The valve has a pressure inlet 47, a return outlet 48 and service outlets 4% and 5d. The valve also includes an operating le 'er 551 which is pivotal relative to the valve 43 about an upright axis and is operative when moved in one direction from its neutral positween the legs of the front and rear frames.

.to the upright posts 13 and 14 of the frames.

line 53 leading to the left cylinder 38L and to simultaneously exhaust fiuid from the right cylinder 38R through conduit 54 and return port 48. The ends of the cylinders at the other side of the pistons therein are hydraulically interconnected by a line 56 so that fluid displaced from one cylinder will be forced into the other cylinder to effect simultaneous substantially equal movement of the pistons in relatively opposite directions. Driving of the mobile lift apparatus may be effected in any desired manner and, as herein shown, hydraulic motors 59R and 591. are mounted on brackets 61 attached to the respective front wheel forks 32 for turning movement therewith, and are connected through a belt 63 to the front wheels 34.

a Cross beams 65 and 66, herein shown'as having a generally I-shaped cross-section, are mounted to extend be- The cross beams are elevated and lowered by means of hoists 63R and 68F, each having a pair of drums 69 and .70 which are connected through cables 71 and 72 to relatively opposite ends of each cross beam to elevate and lower the latter. The drums of the front and rear hoists are driven by hydraulic motors 74F and 74R respectively. The cables 71 and 72 extend over idler pulleys 75 at the upper right corner of the respective frames, and over sheaves 76 and 77 on the bridges and cross beams respectively, to raise and lower" the cross beam in response to operation of the winches. In order to minimize movement of the cross beams in a direction longitudinally of the winch, the ends of the cross beams have guide brackets 7 8 thereon which are guidably supported on vertical rails 79 attached Carriages 81 are mounted by rollers 82 on each of the cross beams 65 and 66 for movement therealong and the grapple is mounted on the carriages for movement therewith crosswise of the mobile 'lift. The carriages are power operated by means of front and rear traverse winches 83F and 83R mounted on each of the cross beams 65 and 66, and the front and rear traverse winches include drums 84F and MR which are driven by an hydraulic motor 85F and 85R respectively through a suitable speed reducing mechanism. A cable 86 is terminally attached to each of the carriages 81 and entrained over pulleys 87 and 88 at each end of the respective cross beams, the intermediate portion of the cable'being wound around the drums 84F and 84R so that rotation of the drums will reversibly move the carriages along the cross beam.

The mobile lift apparatus is specifically designed for use in transferring truck trailers, and demountable trailer bodies onto and off from railroad cars and for this purpose the mobile lift has a width sufiicient to enable the body B to be moved laterally onto and off from the railroad car or loading platform. The load handling grapple 10 is designed to facilitate movement of the grapple apparatus crosswise. into and out of a position over the body B,and to selectively engage or disengage the body to enabletransferring or transporting of the same.

The grapple apparatus 10 includes a frame having front and rear frame end sections 1011- and 111R which are adjustably connected to each other by a beam1tl2. The

'end frame sections are T similarly constructed and like 105 and 106 which are attached to a respective one of the end frame sections and are telescopically interconnected. A fastening means such as a pin 107 is mounted on the outer section 106 and is adapted to be received in openings 108' (FIG. 4) in the inner section to releasably secure the sections in adjusted position. The

end frame sections 101 each include spaced longitudinally cross member 116 is secured to the outer end of the plates 113 and end plates 118 are affixed to the outer ends of the cross member. I-shaped crosspieces 119 extend between the respective end plates 118 and the longitudinal members 108, in parallel spaced relation to the cross member 116. Bearings 121 are provided in the end plates 118 and are aligned with the bearings in the plates 113. A pair of aligned shaft sections 122 are rotatably supported in the bearings 115 and 121 for turning about an axis extending crosswise of the frame. A grappler arm drive plate 123 is non-rotatably attached to'a sleeve 124 secured to the outer end of each of the shaft sections 122 and a key 125 extendsinto a peripheral slot 126 in the sleeve to hold the shaft sections against axial sliding movement while permitting free rotation thereof. A grappler arm mounting bracket, including a plate 128 and a tubular stub shaft 129, is supported at the outer ends of each of the shaft sections 122 for limited rotation relative thereto. A key 131 extends into a slot 132 in the stub shafts to non-slidably and rotatably support the stub shafts in the respective shaft section. As is apparent from FIG. 6, the plate 128 overlies the drive plate 123 and a pin 133 is mounted on the drive plate and extends through an arcuately elongated slot 134 (see FIG. 5) in the bracket plate to provide a lost-motion type drive between the plates 123 and 128.

The bracket 128 also includes spaced flanges 136 which extend laterally from the bracket plate 128. Elongated grappler arms 137 are pivotally supported by a pin 138 between the flanges 136 for movement about an axis disposed transverse to the axis of the shaft sections 122 and laterally offset thereabove as isclearly shown in FIG. 6. The grappler arms each have an angulated upper end portion 139 which extends downwardly and out wardly from the respective mounting bracket and an elongated generally straight lower end portion 140. The grapple arms have a generally box-type cross-section and a sheave 141 (FIG. 6) is rotatably supported by a pm 142 inside the grapple arm adjacent the juncture of the upper end portion 139 with the lower end portion 141 An opening 143 is formed at the inner side of the arms adjacent the pulleys or sheaves 141, for a purpose to be described hereinafter. Generally L-shaped support shoes 145 are mounted on the lower ends of each of the arms 13 7 and are preferably supported by means of a pin 146 for limited turning movement about an axis extending crosswise of the longitudinal axis of the frame to enable the shoes to tilt in a direction'fore and aft of the vehicle to align the same with the underside of the object B being lifted. a

The grapple arms 137 are thus supported on the brackets for swinging movement toward and away from each other between the load supporting position shown in solid, lines in FIG. 3 to a release position shown in dotted lines. 7

The arms are yieldably urged to their release position by means of a pair of springs 151 (FIG. 6), each of which are disposed in a housing having telescopic sections 152 and 153 that are terminally attached to the grappler arm support bracket and the grappler arm. As best shown in FIG. 2, the springs are disposed at relatively opposite sides of eacharm 137 and one housing section 152 is pivotally attached to ears 154 on the arm 137 and the other housing section 153 is attached by a fitting 155 to the bracketplate 128. The springs 151 yieldably urge the arms outwardly and a stop rod 157 is pivotally attached by a pin 158 between the flanges 136 and extends through opening 143 and the opening 15% in the arm. An adjustable stop nut 161 is threaded on the outer end of the rod and is adjustable therealong to limit the outward swinging movement of each of the arms.

The grappler arms 137 are drawn together by an apparatus which equalizes the pressure applied to the op-. posing pair of arms. 'For this purpose, a cable of 165 (FIG. 6) is entrained over the sheaves 141 of each opawessa posing pair of pulleys and is terminally attached to an anchor pin 166 mounted on the flanges 136 of the mounting bracket. The cables extend through the tubular shaft sections 122 and over upper and lower pulleys 167 and 168 located medially between the ends of the shaft sections. The pulleys 167 and 16,8 are rotatably mounted by a pin 169 on the pulley support plate 171 located between the plates 113. The pulley support plate 171 is rigidly secured as by welding to the cross member 116 and to a crosspiece 173 which extends between the plates 113, and an opening 174 is provided in the crosspiece 173 to permit the cable 165 to extend therethrough. The cable 165 extends over an equalizing sheave 176 which is supported in a yoke 177. The yoke has a rod 178 attached thereto and which extends through a sleeve 179 having lateral trnmu'ons 181 which are supported between spaced bell cranks 182 on the respective frame end sections. The bell cranks, as shown in FIG. 7, are pivotally mounted by a pin 183 on a bracket 18 The latter bracket is attached to channel-shaped crosspieces 185 and 186 which extend between the longitudinally extending members 108. As is apparent, when the equalizing sheave 176 is drawn to the right as shown in FIG. 7, the cable 165 will draw the arms toward each other against the bias of the springs 151. Since the cable passes freely over the equalizing sheave, the pressure applied to the opposed pair of arms will be equalized and, if one arm engages the load before the other arm of that pair, as when the grapple is not centered over the load, then one arm will be drawn a relatively greater distance inwardly to properly pick up the load. When the arms are drawn inwardly, the equalizing sheave will maintain substantially the same spacing between the arms, but will permit limited relative parallel shifting of the arms. Consequently, the arms can swing relative to the grapple when the load is lifted to properly center the load with respect to the grapple frame, and to also permit inertial shifting of the load relative to the frame when the grapple frame is moved laterally.

The arms 137 are also adapted to be swung about the axis of the shaft sections 122 between the depending position shown in solid lines in FIG. 4, and the retracted position shown in dotted lines in that figure, to enable the grapple to be moved crosswise of the load such as the trailer B without requiring the grapple to be elevated the full length of the arms above the load. This is achieved by means of crank plates 191 (FIGS. 6 and 7) which are attached as by fasteners 192 to the adjacent ends of the aligned pairs of shaft sections 122. The pin 133 on the drive plate 123 and the slot 134 of the grappler arm mounting brackets permits limited angular lostmotion of the grappler arms in a direction longitudinally of the vehicle to accommodate inertial shifting of the load when moving the same in a direction longitudinally of the frame. However, when the shaft 122 is turned through a relatively greater angle than the lost-motion provided by the pin and slot construction, the arms are swung upwardly to a generally horizontal position disposed substantially in the plane of the frame. When the arms are in this position, the grapple can be moved laterally into and out of a position over the object being moved.

In order to simplify the operation of the grapple, and to also reduce the number of hydraulic lines which must be extended to the grapple frame, a common operator is provided for controlling movement of the opposed pairs of arms toward and away from each other and for also swinging the front and rear pairs of arms upwardly to their retracted position. The common operator comprises fluid cylinders designated 193F and 193R for the front and rear pairs of arms respectively. Each cylinder has a piston rod 195 and, as shown in FIG. 7, one end of the cylinder 193 is pivotally attached by a pin 196 between the bell cranks 132, and the rod 195 is connected by a yoke 198 to a crank pin 199 connected to the crank plates 191. A pair of adjustable stop screws 2111 are threaded in the cross member 116 and are arranged to engage stop fingers 209 formed on each of the crank plates 191 to limit downward swinging movement of the respective grappler arm. A second pair of stop screws 202 are also threaded in the cross member 116 and arranged to engage the respective one of the crank plates 191 to limit upward swinging movement of the grappler arms. A third adjustable stop screw 203 is threaded in a bracket 204 on the crosspiece 186 and is arranged to engage the bell crank 182 to limit movement of the same during extension of the fluid operator. As previously noted, the arms are moved to their lower position and are drawn together, when the fluid operator is retracted as shown in solid lines in FIG. 7. As fluid is supplied to the operator to extend the same, the weight of the grappler arms 137 will tend to inhibit upward swinging movement so that the operator will initially move the bell crank toward the dotted position shown in FIG. 7. This allows the equalizing sheave 176 to move outwardly, that is to the left as viewed in FIG. 7, and enables the grappler arms 137 to swing outwardly under the bias of springs 151. When the bell crank 1S2. engages the stop screw 203, further extension of the bell crank will rotate the shaft sections 122 and swing the arms upwardly to a generally horizontal position shown in dotted lines in FIG. 4. As the arms reach their retracted position, the crank plates 191 engage the stop fingers 202 to stop further movement of the drive plates 123. When the operator is thereafter retracted, the weight of the arms will initially draw the arms downwardly until the stop finger 200 on the crank plates engages the stop Zlll. Further retraction of the operator will swing the bell crank to the full line position shown in FIG. 7 and draw the arms inwardly to their load supporting position shown in full lines in FIG. 3.

The end frame sections are supported on the carriages 81 by spaced sets of links 211 which extend between the cross-pieces 119 and the respective carriage 31. The links permit limited angularshifting of the frame relative to the respective carriage, to facilitate alignment of the grapple frame with the object to be lifted. An hydraulic line support arm 221 is pivotally mounted by a pin 222 on the support frame intermediate the ends of the latter, for horizontal swinging movement relative to the frame. The hose support arm extends to a point adjacent one end of the grapple frame and the hydraulic supply and return lines 274 and 275 extend from a point intermediate the ends of the cross beams 65 through a slack loop onto the support arm. The other ends 274R 275F and 274R and 275R of the hydraulic lines are connected to the fluid operators at the front and rear ends of the grapple frame.

Reference is now made more specifically to the hydraulic control circuit shown in FIG. 8. Fluid is supplied to the several hydraulic motors and operators from three pumps designated 231, 232, and 233, each having their inlets connected to a reservoir 234 and their outlets respectively connected to supply lines 235, 236 and 237. The left and right drive motors 59L and 59R are connected through conduits 241 and 242 to flow reversing valves 243L and 243R. The valve 243R is connected through a conduit 244 to the supply line 237 and the valve 243L is connected through a conduit 245 to the supply line 236. The valves are each otherwise connected through conduits 47 to the return line 248. The front and rear hoist motors 74F and 74R are connected through conduits 251 and 252 to flow reversing valves 253R and 253F. The valve 25315 is connected through conduit 254 to the supply line 237 and the valve 253R is connected through conduit 255 to the supply line 236. The valves 253 each have a conduit 257 connected to the return line 248. Similarly, the front and rear traverse winch motors F and 85R are connected through conduits 261 and 262 to reversing valves 263R and 263E. Fluid is supplied to valve 263F connected through conduit 268 back to the reservoir 2%.. The pump 231 also is advantageously used to supply fluid to the front and rear grapple operating cylinders 193? and 193R respectively. As shown, the supply-line 235 is connected through a conduit 271 to a flowreversing valve 272, and return line 273 connects the valve 272 back to the reservoir-234. The controlled outlet ports-of the valve 272 are connected through a conduit 274 and branch lines 274R and 274F'to both of the grapple cylinders 193, at one side of "the piston therein. The other controlled line 275 is connected through branches 275F and 275R to both of the grapple cylinders at the otherside of the pistons therein, and adjustable-flow control valves 278 are provided in each of the branches to enable independent adjustment of the rate of flow to each of the ends of the cylinders. Cross relief valves 279 and 280 are connected between the controlled lines 274 and 275 to limit the maximum pressure supplied to the grapple cylinders.

From the foregoing it is thought that the operation of the load handling apparatus will be readily understood. The mobile lift can be'steered and propelled under the control of valves 45 and 2431. and 243R tolocate the lift in a position straddling a railroad car or a loading station. The grapple apparatus 10 is then operated under the control'of valve 272 to swingthe arms 140 downwardly to a position along opposite sides of the article to be picked up and the opposed pairs of arms thereafter drawn inwardly to the solid line position shown in FIG. 3 to engage and support the article. The article is then elevated by the hoists under the. control of valves 253F and-253R, and the article is moved laterally by the traverse winch under the control of valves 263F and 263R. By

reason of the limited lost motion between the arm mounta ing plate 12% and the drive plate 123, and the equalizing action of the equalizer sheave 176, the arms can shift somewhat relative to thegrapple frame due to inertia of the load. Further, the front and rear pairs of grapple -arms can be adjusted toward and away from each other by adjusting the telescopic sections 105 and 106 of the grapple frame while adjusting the relativespacing-between the front and rear gantry frames of the mobile lift.

After the load B has been picked up by the grapple, it can be moved laterally onto or ofi from the loading station or railroad car, or, alternatively, the lift can be operated to transport the load to a different location. .Since the grapple arms can be foldedto a generally horizontal position, they do not interfere with the movement of the grapple frame into and out of a position above the object to be moved. Preferably, the stops 202 which control the upper positions of the grapple arms are adjusted so that the arms at the front and rear of the frame are offset from each other when the arms are raised, as shown in dotted lines in FIG. 4, so that the arms do not interfere with each other when the frame members res and 1% are adjusted to a position in which the grapple arms would overlap.

While one embodimentof the inventionhas been shown and described herein, it will be understood that it is illustrative only and not to be taken as a definition of the scope of the invention, reference being had for this purpose to the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A mobile lift apparatus including first and second gantry-type frames each including a bridge portion and depending legs, a side beam attached to each of the legs of said first frame, a bearing member slidably mou-nted' on each of said side beams, the legs of said second frame being attached to said bearing members for movement toward and away from said first frame, support wheels attached tosaid first and second frames, first and second transverse beams respectively extending between the legs of said first and second frames, power means mounted on each of said first and second frames and having cables attached to the ends of the respective ones of said transverse beams for elevating and lowering the same, a vertical guide rail on each of the legs of said first and second frames, a guide on each of said rails, means connecting the guides to the respective transverse beams to inhibit movement of the transverse beams in a direction longitudinally of the lift apparatus, carriage means on each transverse beam, a cradle including first and second sections attached to said carriages respectively and ad justable relative to each other in a direction longitudinally of the lift apparatus as said first and second frames are moved toward and away from each other, and means on said cradle for supporting the object to be lifted by the lift apparatus.

2. In a mobile lift apparatus including first and second gantry-type frames and spaced side members, means attaching said first frame to said side members, means attaching said second frame to said side members for adjustment toward and away from said first frame, an elongated cradle, a first lift means connected to said first frame and to said cradle adjacent one end thereof for elevating and lowering said one end of the cradle and for moving the cradle crosswise of the lift apparatus, a second lift means connected to said second frame and to said cradle adjacent the other end thereof for elevating and lowering said other end of thecradle'and for moving the cradle crosswise of the lift apparatus, said first and second lift meanseach include a beam extending transverse to the lift apparatus, and means guidably mounting the ends of each beam on a respective one of the frames for vertical movement thereon while preventing movement of the beams longitudinally of the lift apparatus, said cradle including first and second interconnected sections adjustable relative to eachother in a direction longitudinally of the lift apparatus when said first and second frames are adjusted toward and away from each other, and first and second grapple means on said first and second sections of the cradle adjustable with said sections to accommodate loads of different length. 7 3. A mobile lift apparatus comprising first and second gantry type frames each including an upper bridge portion and spaced parallel vertical legs, a pair of side members connecting the frames in spaced parallel relationship, support Wheels mounted on said first and second frames to support them for movement over the ground, first and second horizontal beams respectively extending between the legs of the first and second frames, power while preventing swinging thereof out of the plane of the legs, a carriage mounted on each of the beams and mov- --ablelengthwise thereof, an elongated cradle connected at its ends to the carriages respectively, and grapple means carried by the cradle to engage and support a load.

4. A mobile lift apparatus comprising first and second gantry type frames each including an upper bridge portion and spacedparallel vertical legs, a pair of side members connecting the frames in spaced parallel relationship, support wheels mountedon said first and second frames to support them for movement over the ground, the side members and frames being so constructed and connected 'as to provide for adjustment oft-he frames toward and away from each other, first and second horizontal beams respectively'extending between the legs of the first and second frames, power means mounted on each of the first and second frames and having'cables attached to the beams respectively for raising and lowering the beams,

means on each of the legs forming a vertical guide surface, a guide member at each end of each of the beams slidably engaging one of the guide surfaces to guide the beams for vertical movement while preventing swinging thereof out of the plane of the legs, a carriage mounted on each of the beams and movable lengthwise thereof, an elongated cradle connected at its ends to the carriages respectively, the cradle being formed in two sections adjustably connected to each other for relative movement in a direction lengthwise of the cradle, and grapple means 10 3,090,494

carried by the cradle actions xto engage and support a load.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Pinckney 2l2-I4 B-audhuin 214-396 Minty 212-13 T-hiele 2l213

Claims (1)

1. MOBILE LIFT APPARATUS INCLUDING FIRST AND SECOND GANTRY-TYPE FRAMES EACH INCLUDING A BRIDGE PORTION AND DEPENDING LEGS, A SIDE BEAM ATTACHED TO EACH OF THE LEGS OF SAID FIRST FRAME, A BEARING MEMBER SLIDABLY MOUNTED ON EACH OF SAID SIDE BEAMS, THE LEGS OF SAID SECOND FRAME BEING ATTACHED TO SAID BEARING MEMBERS FOR MOVEMENT TOWARD AND AWAY FROM SAID FIRST FRAME, SUPPORT WHEELS ATTACHED TO SAID FIRST AND SECOND FRAMES, FIRST AND SECOND TRANSVERSE BEAMS RESPECTIVELY EXTENDING BETWEEN THE LEGS OF SAID FIRST AND SECOND FRAMES, POWER MEANS MOUNTED ON EACH OF SAID FIRST AND SECOND FRAMES AND HAVING CABLES ATTACHED TO THE ENDS OF THE RESPECTIVE ONES OF SAID TRANSVERSE BEAMS FOR ELEVATING AND LOWERING THE SAME, A VERTICAL GUIDE RAIL ON EACH OF THE LEGS OF SAID FIRST AND SECOND FRAMES, A GUIDE ON EACH OF SAID RAILS, MEANS CONNECTING THE GUIDES TO THE RESPECTIVE TRANSVERSE BEAMS TO INHIBIT MOVEMENT OF THE TRANSVERSE BEAMS IN A DIRECTION LONGITUDINALLY OF THE LIFT APPARATUS, CARRIAGE MEANS ON EACH TRANSVERSE BEAM, A CRADLE INCLUDING FIRST AND SECOND SECTIONS ATTACHED TO SAID CARRIAGES RESPECTIVELY AND ADJUSTABLE RELATIVE TO EACH OTHER IN A DIRECTION LONGITUDINALLY OF THE LIFT APPARATUS AS SAID FIRST AND SECOND FRAMES ARE MOVED TOWARD AND AWAY FROM EACH OTHER, AND MEANS ON SAID CRADLE FOR SUPPORTING THE OBJECT TO BE LIFTED BY THE LIFT APPARATUS.
US38113764 1960-05-23 1964-07-08 Mobile lift apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3176853A (en)

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US30947A US3161309A (en) 1960-05-23 1960-05-23 Grapple construction
US38113764 US3176853A (en) 1960-05-23 1964-07-08 Mobile lift apparatus

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US38113764 US3176853A (en) 1960-05-23 1964-07-08 Mobile lift apparatus

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3396858A (en) * 1965-10-23 1968-08-13 Royal Industries Load handling apparatus having retractable stabilizing arm
DE1278347B (en) * 1966-10-15 1968-09-19 Kocks Gmbh Friedrich Straddle carrier for transporting containers
US3433366A (en) * 1965-10-22 1969-03-18 Southern Iron & Equipment Co I Gantry cranes
US3501192A (en) * 1966-11-23 1970-03-17 Hans Tax Lifting containers
US3514146A (en) * 1968-02-26 1970-05-26 Fruehauf Corp Extensible lifting spreader
US4279347A (en) * 1979-09-12 1981-07-21 Rpc Corporation Anti-sway load handling apparatus
US4747745A (en) * 1985-11-21 1988-05-31 Marathon Letourneau Company Selective beam gantry crane
US5715958A (en) * 1995-01-24 1998-02-10 Marine Travelift, Inc. Stabilizer for a gantry crane lift frame
US6675719B1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-01-13 Marine Travelift, Inc. Railroad car wheel handler and method
US20140346131A1 (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-11-27 Shanghai YeSheng Mechanical & Electrical Control Technology Co., LTD Construction Apparatus and Method for Lifting Structure Integrally over the Obstacles in Vertical Direction to a Position with Different Horizontal Projection
IT201700002458A1 (en) * 2017-01-11 2018-07-11 Brambo Services Di Brambilla Simone loading device and unloading goods
US10807510B2 (en) 2018-09-25 2020-10-20 Brambo Services Device for loading and unloading goods

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1740117A (en) * 1927-11-28 1929-12-17 Birmingham Tank Company Welding apparatus
US2909298A (en) * 1958-10-08 1959-10-20 George J Baudhuin Self-propelled mobile lift
US3081884A (en) * 1961-06-09 1963-03-19 Manning Maxwell & Moore Inc Crane with anti-sway mechanism
US3090494A (en) * 1959-07-29 1963-05-21 Spinnfaser Ag Lift truck attachments

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1740117A (en) * 1927-11-28 1929-12-17 Birmingham Tank Company Welding apparatus
US2909298A (en) * 1958-10-08 1959-10-20 George J Baudhuin Self-propelled mobile lift
US3090494A (en) * 1959-07-29 1963-05-21 Spinnfaser Ag Lift truck attachments
US3081884A (en) * 1961-06-09 1963-03-19 Manning Maxwell & Moore Inc Crane with anti-sway mechanism

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3433366A (en) * 1965-10-22 1969-03-18 Southern Iron & Equipment Co I Gantry cranes
US3396858A (en) * 1965-10-23 1968-08-13 Royal Industries Load handling apparatus having retractable stabilizing arm
DE1278347B (en) * 1966-10-15 1968-09-19 Kocks Gmbh Friedrich Straddle carrier for transporting containers
US3501192A (en) * 1966-11-23 1970-03-17 Hans Tax Lifting containers
US3514146A (en) * 1968-02-26 1970-05-26 Fruehauf Corp Extensible lifting spreader
US4279347A (en) * 1979-09-12 1981-07-21 Rpc Corporation Anti-sway load handling apparatus
US4747745A (en) * 1985-11-21 1988-05-31 Marathon Letourneau Company Selective beam gantry crane
US5715958A (en) * 1995-01-24 1998-02-10 Marine Travelift, Inc. Stabilizer for a gantry crane lift frame
US6675719B1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-01-13 Marine Travelift, Inc. Railroad car wheel handler and method
US20140346131A1 (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-11-27 Shanghai YeSheng Mechanical & Electrical Control Technology Co., LTD Construction Apparatus and Method for Lifting Structure Integrally over the Obstacles in Vertical Direction to a Position with Different Horizontal Projection
US9441383B2 (en) * 2013-05-23 2016-09-13 Guangzhou Construction Engineering Co., Ltd Construction apparatus and method for lifting structure integrally over the obstacles in vertical direction to a position with different horizontal projection
US10683672B2 (en) 2013-05-23 2020-06-16 Guangzhou Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. Construction method for lifting structure integrally over the obstacles in vertical direction to a position with different horizontal projection
IT201700002458A1 (en) * 2017-01-11 2018-07-11 Brambo Services Di Brambilla Simone loading device and unloading goods
EP3348502A1 (en) * 2017-01-11 2018-07-18 Brambo Service Device for loading and unloading goods
US10807510B2 (en) 2018-09-25 2020-10-20 Brambo Services Device for loading and unloading goods

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