US3171410A - Pneumatic wound dressing - Google Patents

Pneumatic wound dressing Download PDF

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Publication number
US3171410A
US3171410A US22094962A US3171410A US 3171410 A US3171410 A US 3171410A US 22094962 A US22094962 A US 22094962A US 3171410 A US3171410 A US 3171410A
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Prior art keywords
bladder
dressing
tape
pneumatic
wound
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jr Herbert J Towle
Robert W Longton
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Jr Herbert J Towle
Robert W Longton
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord
    • A61B17/132Tourniquets
    • A61B17/1322Tourniquets comprising a flexible encircling member
    • A61B17/1325Tourniquets comprising a flexible encircling member with means for applying local pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord
    • A61B17/132Tourniquets
    • A61B17/135Tourniquets inflatable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/00051Accessories for dressings
    • A61F13/00068Accessories for dressings specially adapted for application or removal of fluid, e.g. irrigation or drainage of wounds, under-pressure wound-therapy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/10Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for fingers, hands, or arms; Finger-stalls; Nail-protectors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/30Pressure-pads
    • A61F5/34Pressure pads filled with air or liquid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00089Wound bandages
    • A61F2013/00106Wound bandages emergency bandages, e.g. for first aid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00089Wound bandages
    • A61F2013/0017Wound bandages possibility of applying fluid
    • A61F2013/00174Wound bandages possibility of applying fluid possibility of applying pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00089Wound bandages
    • A61F2013/0028Wound bandages applying of mechanical pressure; passive massage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00544Plasters form or structure
    • A61F2013/00553Plasters form or structure with detachable parts
    • A61F2013/00561Plasters form or structure with detachable parts with adhesive connecting means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/00361Plasters
    • A61F2013/00855Plasters pervious to air or vapours

Description

March 2, 1965 H. J. TOWLE, JR., ETAL PNEUMATIC wouno oaassmc Filed Aug. 29, 1962 A T TORNEV United States Patent Oflice 3,1 7 1,4 Fatented Mar. 2, 1 965 3,171,410 PNEUMATH C WDUND DRESSING Herbert J. Towle, In, US. Navy (7917 Sleaford Place,

Bethesda, Md), and Robert W. Longton, US. Navy (2909 Terrace Drive, Chevy Chase, Md.)

Filed Aug. 29, 1962, Ser. No. 220,949

4 Claims. (Cl. 128155) (Granted under Title 35, U.S. (lode (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

This invention relates to dressings for wounds and more particularly to a pneumatic wound dressing.

Prior art wound dressings of the type using pressure to staunch the fiow of blood are typically tied in position by attached bandages. Pressure to control bleeding is attained by the tightness of the bandages. Such bandages are commonly wrapped several times around the injured part and then tied. In a mass casualty situation, such as in battle, speed in treatment is of the essence. More patients treated earlier means more lives saved.

An object of the present invent-ion is to provide a dressing for wound which can be more quickly applied than the prior art type of dressing and which will effectively control bleeding by pneumatic pressure directly over the wound site.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a view showing the inner face of a dressing constituting one preferred embodiment of the invention with the protective covering partially removed from the pressure-sensitive adhesive tape; and

FIG. 2 is a view of the embodiment of FIG. 1, partially in cross section, showing the dressing being applied toa wound with alternative means for inflating the pneumatic chamber of the dressing.

The invention comprises an inflatable bladder having on one side thereof a gu-aze pad or the like for application to the wound and having on the other side thereof tape provided with pressure-sensitive adhesive for attaching the dressing to the injured part.

Pressure achieved by inflating the bladder is applied directly to the wound site to staunch the flow of blood.

Reference is now made to the drawings. Numeral 1 indicates an inflatable bladder or the like which can be made of any suitable material such as polyethylene or rubberized cloth. Gn the inner face of the dressing, for direct application to the wound is a generally conventional gauze pad 2. For attaching the dressing to an injured part, a tape 3 is provided passing over the outer side of the bladder opposite the side having the gauze pad. Conveniently the bladder can be held between the pad 2 and the tape 3 by sewing the pad and tape together as at 4. The tape is provided with a pressure-sensitive adhesive 5 which is covered with an easily removable proteotive covering such as crinoline 6 to prevent undesired adhesion of the tape when not in use. The bladder 1 can be inflated by any suitable procedure. Conveniently a filling tube or the like 7 is provided through which fluid such as air or other gas can be introduced into the bladder to inflate it. The entryway 7 preferably contains a valve to prevent the leakage or the fluid from the bladder. If no valve is used the entryway can be closed by clamping or tying. The bladder can be filled from any convenient source such as a charged cylinder of gas 8, a tube 9 to facilitate inflating the bladder by mouth, or a bulb syringe, etc.

As is apparent from the drawing, the dressing of this invention is quickly applied simply by removing the proteotive covering 6 from the pressure-sensitive adhesive tape applying the gauze pad 2 or the like directly to the wound and then fastening the dressing in position by sticking the tape to the body adjacent the injured part as, for example, by circumvolution of an arm or leg. Pressure directly over the wound site is acquired by inflating the bladder 1, either by puncturing a charged cylinder 8 or blowing through a tube 9 or from a bulb syringe (not shown). In this invention the pressure of the inflated dressing substitutes for .the tightness of the prior art con ventional circumferential bandages which require considerably more time to apply.

The dressing of this invention can be made in several sizes to permit the user to select a suitable dressing to fit a particular injury. The gauze pad may be impregnated with a medicament if desired.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. A dressing for wounds comprising an inflatable bladder, an absorbent pad on one side of said bladder for application to a wound to be dressed, and pressure sensitive adhesive tape on said bladder extending beyond the edges of said bladder and pad so as to provide an area of said tape for application to a patient for holding said dressing in place on the body of a wounded patient.

2. The dressing of claim 1 wherein said tape is attached to said bladder to pass over the side of said bladder opposite said pad with the adhesive side of said tape facing said pad.

3. The dressing of claim 1 further including means for inflating said bladder.

4. The dressing of claim 1 wherein said tape on its adhesive face is provided with a readily-removable protective covering to prevent undesired adhesion of said tape.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 519,894 5/94 Schutz 128-155 2,571,461 10/51 Livingston et a1 128327 2,618,269 11/52 Baum et a1. 128-327 2,629,378 2/53 Barton 128-155 X 2,858,830 11/58 Robins 128155 X 3,050,064 8/62 Moor et a1. 128-327 FOREIGN PATENTS 91,319 3/58 Norway.

RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner. JORDAN FRANKLIN, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A DRESSING FOR WOUNDS COMPRISING AN INFLATABLE BLADDER, AN ABSORBENT PAD ON ONE SIDE OF SAID BLADDER FOR APPLICATION TO A WOUND TO BE DRESSED, AND PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE TAPE ON SAID BLADDER EXTENDING BEYOND THE EDGES OF SAID BLADDER AND PAD SO AS TO PROVIDE AN AREA OF SAID TAPE FOR APPLICATION TO A PATIENT FOR HOLDING SAID DRESSING IN PLACE ON THE BODY OF A WOUNDED PATIENT.
US3171410A 1962-08-29 1962-08-29 Pneumatic wound dressing Expired - Lifetime US3171410A (en)

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Cited By (83)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3504675A (en) * 1965-12-10 1970-04-07 William A Bishop Jr Disposable surgical tourniquet
US3561435A (en) * 1968-11-15 1971-02-09 Dev Inc Combined splint and coolant container
US3570495A (en) * 1966-04-19 1971-03-16 Frank O Wright Pneumatic tourniquet
US3625219A (en) * 1969-01-03 1971-12-07 Raymond M Abrams Apparatus to facilitate sealing of arterial punctures
US3811434A (en) * 1972-10-26 1974-05-21 Jacobson S Mfg Inflatable splint
US3874387A (en) * 1972-07-05 1975-04-01 Pasquale P Barbieri Valved hemostatic pressure cap
US3884240A (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-05-20 C Malcolm B Gilman Tourniquet
US3954109A (en) * 1974-08-02 1976-05-04 The Kendall Company Bandage to prevent local hematoma
FR2306675A1 (en) * 1975-04-11 1976-11-05 Laerdal A S Band compression bandage
US4193401A (en) * 1977-03-17 1980-03-18 Rosolino Marinello Orbital compression chamber for the cure of internal wounds and inflammation of the ocular apparatus and central nervous system
US4202331A (en) * 1977-08-03 1980-05-13 Yale William S Skin graft pressure pad
US4224945A (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-09-30 Jonathan Cohen Inflatable expansible surgical pressure dressing
US4233980A (en) * 1978-12-11 1980-11-18 Narco Scientific Industries, Inc. Hemostatic compressive device
US4480638A (en) * 1980-03-11 1984-11-06 Eduard Schmid Cushion for holding an element of grafted skin
US4567887A (en) * 1985-03-25 1986-02-04 Couch Thomas E Jun Therapeutic device for prevention and treatment of decubitous ulcerations
WO1986005385A1 (en) * 1985-03-23 1986-09-25 Walter Bernd Maass Pressure bandage (to staunch a bleeding external wound) valve
US4614180A (en) * 1984-06-18 1986-09-30 Electro-Biology, Inc. Medical appliance
US4614179A (en) * 1985-08-08 1986-09-30 Electro-Biology, Inc. Medical appliance
US4619261A (en) * 1984-08-09 1986-10-28 Frederico Guerriero Hydrostatic pressure device for bleeding control through an inflatable, stitchable and retrievable balloon-net system
US4628918A (en) * 1982-01-27 1986-12-16 Johnson Jr Glenn W Pneumatic arm band for localized arm pressure
USRE32939E (en) * 1983-06-22 1989-06-06 Electro-Biology, Inc. Medical appliance
WO1989006521A1 (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-07-27 Huntleigh Technology Plc Intermittent compression stocking
WO1991018571A1 (en) * 1990-06-01 1991-12-12 Richard Crangle Disposable multi-use pressurized bandage system
EP0514026A2 (en) * 1991-04-23 1992-11-19 Sumitomo Rubber Industries Limited Compressive haemostatic belt
US5170781A (en) * 1991-11-15 1992-12-15 Loomis Dawn L Protective bandage having improved impact protection
US5180360A (en) * 1991-04-15 1993-01-19 Rhame Jr Robert W Atraumatic eye patch
EP0554602A1 (en) * 1992-02-06 1993-08-11 Sumitomo Rubber Industries Limited Compressive hemostatic belt
US5263966A (en) * 1991-11-29 1993-11-23 Yousef Daneshvar Device for suppressing post-catheterization wound bleeding
US5376067A (en) * 1992-10-28 1994-12-27 Daneshvar; Yousef Pressure bandages and dressings
US5383893A (en) * 1991-11-29 1995-01-24 Daneshvar; Yousef Device for preventing post-catherization wound bleeding
US5389066A (en) * 1991-04-15 1995-02-14 Rhame, Jr.; Robert W. Atraumatic eye patch
US5396896A (en) * 1991-05-15 1995-03-14 Chrono Dynamics, Ltd. Medical pumping apparatus
US5411518A (en) * 1994-05-24 1995-05-02 Design +3, Incorporated Medical tourniquet apparatus
US5423852A (en) * 1991-11-29 1995-06-13 Daneshvar; Yousef Device for preventing post-catheterization wound bleeding
US5433724A (en) * 1991-04-23 1995-07-18 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Compressive hemostatic belt
US5443440A (en) * 1993-06-11 1995-08-22 Ndm Acquisition Corp. Medical pumping apparatus
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US5514155A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-05-07 Daneshvar; Yousef Device for applying pressure to a person's groin
US5643315A (en) * 1994-09-22 1997-07-01 Daneshvar; Yousef Device for wound therapy and prevention of bleeding
US5647850A (en) * 1995-03-15 1997-07-15 Allen; William Ray Method and apparatus for vein location
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US6013094A (en) * 1996-08-14 2000-01-11 Otto Bock Orthopaedische Industrie Besitz- Und Verwaltungskommandit- Gesellschaft Method and device for treating scar tissue
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US6503266B1 (en) * 1997-02-07 2003-01-07 Radi Medical Systems Ab Inflatable hemostat having reinforced portion
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US2618269A (en) * 1948-04-24 1952-11-18 W A Baum Co Inc Sphygmomanometer cuff
US2629378A (en) * 1951-05-07 1953-02-24 James Frenkil Wet compress and container
US2858830A (en) * 1956-10-01 1958-11-04 Frank C Lowe Surgical dressing
US3050064A (en) * 1959-10-22 1962-08-21 Robert E Moore Mechanical compress bandage

Patent Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US519804A (en) * 1894-05-15 baldwin
US2618269A (en) * 1948-04-24 1952-11-18 W A Baum Co Inc Sphygmomanometer cuff
US2571461A (en) * 1949-12-30 1951-10-16 Walter R Livingston Tourniquet
US2629378A (en) * 1951-05-07 1953-02-24 James Frenkil Wet compress and container
US2858830A (en) * 1956-10-01 1958-11-04 Frank C Lowe Surgical dressing
US3050064A (en) * 1959-10-22 1962-08-21 Robert E Moore Mechanical compress bandage

Cited By (109)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3504675A (en) * 1965-12-10 1970-04-07 William A Bishop Jr Disposable surgical tourniquet
US3570495A (en) * 1966-04-19 1971-03-16 Frank O Wright Pneumatic tourniquet
US3561435A (en) * 1968-11-15 1971-02-09 Dev Inc Combined splint and coolant container
US3625219A (en) * 1969-01-03 1971-12-07 Raymond M Abrams Apparatus to facilitate sealing of arterial punctures
US3874387A (en) * 1972-07-05 1975-04-01 Pasquale P Barbieri Valved hemostatic pressure cap
US3811434A (en) * 1972-10-26 1974-05-21 Jacobson S Mfg Inflatable splint
US3884240A (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-05-20 C Malcolm B Gilman Tourniquet
US3954109A (en) * 1974-08-02 1976-05-04 The Kendall Company Bandage to prevent local hematoma
FR2306675A1 (en) * 1975-04-11 1976-11-05 Laerdal A S Band compression bandage
US4193401A (en) * 1977-03-17 1980-03-18 Rosolino Marinello Orbital compression chamber for the cure of internal wounds and inflammation of the ocular apparatus and central nervous system
US4202331A (en) * 1977-08-03 1980-05-13 Yale William S Skin graft pressure pad
US4224945A (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-09-30 Jonathan Cohen Inflatable expansible surgical pressure dressing
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