US3168961A - Hole plug - Google Patents

Hole plug Download PDF

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Publication number
US3168961A
US3168961A US173673A US17367362A US3168961A US 3168961 A US3168961 A US 3168961A US 173673 A US173673 A US 173673A US 17367362 A US17367362 A US 17367362A US 3168961 A US3168961 A US 3168961A
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shank
plug
head
under side
plugs
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US173673A
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Cyril J Yates
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Cyril J Yates
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/08Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part
    • F16B21/086Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part the shank of the stud, pin or spigot having elevations, ribs, fins or prongs intended for deformation or tilting predominantly in a direction perpendicular to the direction of insertion

Description

Feb. 9, 1965 c. J. YATES 3,168,961

nous PLUG Filed Feb. 16, 1962 INVENTOR. CYIZIL 3'- YATEs A TORN YS United States Patent ""ce 3,168,961 HOLE PLUG Cyril J. Yates, I01 Horseshoe Drive, Henderson, Ky. Fiied Feb. 16, 1962, Ser. No. 173,673 4 Claims. (til. ZZQ-titl) This invention relates to plugs for closing openings in sheet metal or the like, and in particular to plugs of the quick-action type, which are insertable by simple, digital pressure, and self-locking. In the refrigerator art, for instance, it is common to provide the appliances with wall openings for selective use, as in suspending shelves, and for other purposes. For such openings which are not actually employed in functional use, it becomes desirable, if not necessary, to provide a closure, as well understood in the art, and various types of such closures, or plugs, have been provided heretofore. Obviously the plugs should be minimal in size and unobtrusive in appearance, while possessed of a capability for ready insertion and tenacious holding, and it is among the objects of the present invention to accomplish those ends.

Since the requirement for plugs of this type involves large quantities, it also becomes important to produce them economically, and it is therefore a further object to provide a plug which is simple of manufacture and low in cost.

The openings requiring these plugs are predominantly of two general types, one square, and the other an oblong hole with scalloped borders, known as a butterfly hole, and it is a further object to provide a plug having a favorable mode of co-action with openings of this nature, as well as modified forms which are adapted to circular holes.

Yet another object is to provide a plug structure which combines a self-locking feature with effective peripheral sealing.

These and other objects, which will be apparent, are attained by the present invention, preferred forms of which are described in the specification hereinafter, as illustrated in the drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a plate having two types of non-circular openings, with two plugs in place, one in each type of opening,

FIGURE 2 is a view similar to FIGURE 1, showing the opposite side of the plate, in the region of the two plugs,

FIGURE 3 is a. perspective view of one of the plugs shown in FIGURES 1 and 2,

FIGURE 4 is an axial sectional view through one of the plugs, taken on the line 44 of FIGURE 1,

FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 2, showing a plate with circular holes, and two modified forms of plugs,

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the uppermost plug in FIGURE 5,

FIGURE 7 is an elevational view of the plug of FIG- URE 6, in partial, radial section,

FIGURE 8 is a sectional view taken on the line 8-8 of FIGURE 7,

FIGURE 9 is a perspective view of the lowermost plug of FIGURE 5,

FIGURE 10 is an elevational view of the plug of FIG- URE 9, in partial, radial section, and

FIGURE 11 is a sectional view, taken on the line 11-11 of FIGURE 10.-

Referring to the drawing by characters of reference, there is shown, in FIGURE 1, a section of steel plate, It),

which may be considered as representing a wall or partition in an appliance, such as a refrigerator, and which is provided with square openings 12, and butterfly openings 14, the later representing a combination of a central, circular opening 16, with two generally elliptical openings 18 at the ends. The function and purpose of these particular shapes of openings is immaterial in respect to the 3,153,961 Patented Feb. 9, 1965 Both the slant sides and the vertex are important features of the invention, as will be seen.

Integral with the shank, at one end thereof, is a concentrically arranged, frusto-spherical head 26, of relatively shallow depth, and of substantially greater diameter than the maximum diameter of the shank. On its under side, the head 25 is provided with an annular channel 28, extending radially from the shank to a point about half the distance to the outer periphery of the head.

In the application of the plug to the square holes 12, the doubly conical shank has a favorable mode of co-action. The plugs are made from a tough, resilient, plastic material, such as nylon or polyethylene for example, and the shank is appropriately sized so that its maximum diameter exceeds the side dimension of the square opening for which it is intended. As the plug shank is inserted in the hole, using thumb pressure, the outer, tapering section of the shank is forced inwardly by central portions of the four sides of the square opening, the shank being deformed into four fiat portions, compensated by a corresponding movement into the region of the four corners of the square. After the line of maximum diameter 24 has passed through the opening, the shank recovers its natural shape, due to its resilience, and the wide portion ofthe shank engages the inner corner of the hole, and locks the plug in place.

In the act of penetration, the channel 28 in the under side of the plug head permits contact of the flat, outer zone of the under side of the head with the surface of plate 10, prior to full locking engagement of the shank, and this guarantees an elfective seal throughout, in spite of any slight warping in the head, or irregularities in the surface of plate 10. The cylindrical cavity 18 also contributes to this result, since it limits the integral connec tion of shank to head to a narrow annular zone 30, and permits flexibility in the head which is more or less independent of the shank; that is to say, any recovery action in the deformed head results in a straight axial pull on the shank, rather than a twisting action.

In the case of plugs for round holes, the concept of the invention is applied in a complementary sense, the plug in this case having a shank with polygonal periphery which deforms toward circular form, for compensation, when negotiating the circular hole. Thus, in FIGURE 6 the plug has a domed head 3?. the same as head 26, in the FIGURE 1 form, but the shank comprises base-joined frustums 35, 36 of four-sided pyramids instead of cones. The channel 38 on the under side of the head is similar to channel 28 in FIGURES 3 and 4, except for having a square, inner periphery, comporting with the square section of the shank. Thus, except for the cross sectional form of the shank, the plug is generally similar to that shown in FIGURES 1 to 4, and the action is not sensibly dilferent since it depends on the co-action between a hole and a shank having different peripheral shapes.

The plug of FIGURES 9-1'1 differs from that of FIG- URES 6-8 only in the shank, which has six-sided pyram idal frustums 40, 42, instead of four-sided frustums.

There has thus been provided a plug which, among other things, is easily applied to a hole, and will hold firmly in place, especially in the case of holes which may vary in size, due for instance to a build-up of porcelain 3 during coating of the steel sheet. Of the existing plugs intended to cope with these problems, most are either limited to close tolerances, or involve split shanks, Which require expensive and cumbersome tooling in their manufacture.

Generally speaking, whereas certain preferred embodiments have been shown and described, other modifications will be apparent in the light of this disclosure, and the invention should not, therefore, be deemed as limited, except insofar as shall appear from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A closure plug of plastic material, for openingsinsheet members, comprising a circular, domed head, with a planar, annular, peripheral zone'on its under side, and an axially disposed, tubular shank extending from said under side, said shank having a bulbous, outer form, delined by a pair of substantially identical, frusto-pyramidal, surfaces arranged in base-to-base coincidence, said head having an annular channel in its said under side, extending from said shank to said annular zone,

2. A device as in claim 1, said surfaces being frustoconical.

3. A device as in claim 1, said shank being polygonal in cross section.

4. A device as in claim 1, the diameter of said head being in excess of the diagonal of a square, circumscribing the major cross section of said shank.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.

EARLE J. DRUMMOND, GEORGE O. RALSTON, Examiners.

Claims (1)

1. A CLOSURE PLUG OF PLASTIC MATERIAL, FOR OPENINGS IN SHEET MEMBERS, COMPRISING A CIRCULAR, DOMED HEAD, WITH A PLANAR, ANNULAR, PERIPHERAL ZONE ON ITS UNDER SIDE, AND AN AXIALLY DISPOSED, TUBULAR SHANK EXTENDING FROM SAID UNDER SIDE, SAID SHANK HAVING A BULBOUS, OUTER FORM, DEFINED BY A PAIR OF SUBSTANTIALLY INDENTICAL, FROSTO-PYRAMIDAL, SURFACES ARRANGED IN BASE-TO-BASE COINCIDENCE, SAID HEAD HAVING AN ANNULAR CHANNEL IN ITS SAID UNDER SIDE, EXTENDING FROM SAID SHANK TO SAID ANNULAR ZONE.
US173673A 1962-02-16 1962-02-16 Hole plug Expired - Lifetime US3168961A (en)

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Cited By (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3281002A (en) * 1963-08-22 1966-10-25 Geiss Max Combination bottle and bottle stopper
US3284136A (en) * 1964-04-27 1966-11-08 Pel Ltd Articles of furniture
US3289881A (en) * 1965-03-19 1966-12-06 Nat Can Corp Can with dual closure system
US3623628A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-11-30 Microdot Inc Oil filler plug
DE2406231A1 (en) * 1973-02-28 1974-08-29 Illinois Tool Works Plastic plug holder
US4053084A (en) * 1976-03-01 1977-10-11 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Filler plug
US4117553A (en) * 1977-04-12 1978-10-03 Bay William P Helmet shield and visor apparatus
US4218599A (en) * 1977-11-30 1980-08-19 Steelcase Inc. Polymer spring
US4334632A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-06-15 Nifco Inc. Stopper for opening
US4384804A (en) * 1981-02-12 1983-05-24 Morris Township, Morris County Integral plastic fastener
US4384803A (en) * 1981-02-12 1983-05-24 Allied Corporation Integral plastic fastener
US4534572A (en) * 1984-12-20 1985-08-13 Dana Corporation Port baffle for engine gasket
US4534088A (en) * 1983-08-29 1985-08-13 James Ricke Hole plug
US4662402A (en) * 1979-09-24 1987-05-05 Wilfried Dreyfuss System for protecting machine threads
FR2637338A1 (en) * 1988-10-04 1990-04-06 Allevard Ind Sa Spring seat for a vehicle suspension coil spring and vehicle suspension including such a spring seat
US4930659A (en) * 1989-04-14 1990-06-05 Sauber Charles J Drain baffle grommet for vehicle compartments
US5361922A (en) * 1993-04-02 1994-11-08 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Centrifuge tubes with snap plugs
US5731069A (en) * 1994-01-12 1998-03-24 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Composite gage and drain hole sealer
US6416004B1 (en) * 1999-09-17 2002-07-09 Breed Automotive Technology, Inc. Seat belt retractor
US20060229147A1 (en) * 2005-04-12 2006-10-12 J. Richard Industries, Inc. Sport item handle end cap
US20070007292A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2007-01-11 Robert D. Deley Plug with beveled undercut sealing groove for beverage lids
US20090152279A1 (en) * 2005-11-01 2009-06-18 Thomas Burns Plug for Beverage Container Lid
WO2009115293A1 (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-24 Rehau Ag + Co. Oil pan and closure element for an oil pan
US7757889B1 (en) * 2005-09-27 2010-07-20 Zeev Haim Zipris Sealing and reopening device for opened aluminum beverage cans
US20140041185A1 (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and attachment system and method for precisely locating and attaching components
US20140360826A1 (en) * 2013-06-11 2014-12-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable energy management assembly and method of managing energy absorption
US20150063943A1 (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-05 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable alignment fastener and system
US9061715B2 (en) 2012-08-09 2015-06-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic cantilever beam alignment system for precisely aligning components
US9061403B2 (en) 2011-07-21 2015-06-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment system for precisely locating an emblem lens to an outer bezel
US9067379B2 (en) 2012-04-28 2015-06-30 GM Global Technologies Operations LLC Stiffened multi-layer compartment door assembly utilizing elastic averaging
US9067625B2 (en) 2013-04-09 2015-06-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining arrangement for jointed components and method of reducing a gap between jointed components
US9091514B1 (en) 2014-04-04 2015-07-28 Kma Concepts Limited Shafted projectiles having a head
US9156506B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2015-10-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment system
US9216704B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2015-12-22 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged strap systems and methods
US9238488B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-01-19 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9243655B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-01-26 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic attachment assembly and method of reducing positional variation and increasing stiffness
US9278642B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-03-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable flange locator arrangement and method of reducing positional variation
US9297400B2 (en) 2013-04-08 2016-03-29 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic mating assembly and method of elastically assembling matable components
US9303667B2 (en) 2013-07-18 2016-04-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Llc Lobular elastic tube alignment system for providing precise four-way alignment of components
US9310171B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2016-04-12 Kma Concepts Limited Toy arrow for use with toy bow
US9341448B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2016-05-17 Kma Concepts Limited Shafted projectiles having a head
US9382935B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-05 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tubular attachment assembly for mating components and method of mating components
US9388838B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining assembly for matable components and method of assembling
US9428123B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for a flexible assembly
US9428046B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for laterally slideably engageable mating components
US9429176B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9447806B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Self-retaining alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components
US9446722B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic averaging alignment member
US9457845B2 (en) 2013-10-02 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Lobular elastic tube alignment and retention system for providing precise alignment of components
US9463538B2 (en) 2012-08-13 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system and method thereof
US9463829B2 (en) 2014-02-20 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9463831B2 (en) 2013-09-09 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and fastening system for providing precise alignment and fastening of components
US9481317B2 (en) 2013-11-15 2016-11-01 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable clip and method
US9488205B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment arrangement for mated components and method
US9511802B2 (en) 2013-10-03 2016-12-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9541113B2 (en) 2014-01-09 2017-01-10 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9556890B2 (en) 2013-01-31 2017-01-31 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic alignment assembly for aligning mated components and method of reducing positional variation
US9599279B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-03-21 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable module installation assembly
US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
US9669774B2 (en) 2013-10-11 2017-06-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Reconfigurable vehicle interior assembly
US9758110B2 (en) 2015-01-12 2017-09-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Coupling system
US9812684B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-11-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Using elastic averaging for alignment of battery stack, fuel cell stack, or other vehicle assembly
US9863454B2 (en) 2013-08-07 2018-01-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components of a sealable compartment
USD850352S1 (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-06-04 Equalaire Systems, Inc. Hub cap vent plug

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1453485A (en) * 1923-02-07 1923-05-01 John R Vosburgh Repair plug for inner tubes
FR1025894A (en) * 1950-10-12 1953-04-21 tube closing plastic cylindrical wall
US2709290A (en) * 1951-06-26 1955-05-31 Rosenthal Harry Plastic closures
US2741396A (en) * 1950-06-20 1956-04-10 Faultless Rubber Co Containers and closures therefor

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1453485A (en) * 1923-02-07 1923-05-01 John R Vosburgh Repair plug for inner tubes
US2741396A (en) * 1950-06-20 1956-04-10 Faultless Rubber Co Containers and closures therefor
FR1025894A (en) * 1950-10-12 1953-04-21 tube closing plastic cylindrical wall
US2709290A (en) * 1951-06-26 1955-05-31 Rosenthal Harry Plastic closures

Cited By (74)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3281002A (en) * 1963-08-22 1966-10-25 Geiss Max Combination bottle and bottle stopper
US3284136A (en) * 1964-04-27 1966-11-08 Pel Ltd Articles of furniture
US3289881A (en) * 1965-03-19 1966-12-06 Nat Can Corp Can with dual closure system
US3623628A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-11-30 Microdot Inc Oil filler plug
DE2406231A1 (en) * 1973-02-28 1974-08-29 Illinois Tool Works Plastic plug holder
US4053084A (en) * 1976-03-01 1977-10-11 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Filler plug
US4117553A (en) * 1977-04-12 1978-10-03 Bay William P Helmet shield and visor apparatus
US4218599A (en) * 1977-11-30 1980-08-19 Steelcase Inc. Polymer spring
US4662402A (en) * 1979-09-24 1987-05-05 Wilfried Dreyfuss System for protecting machine threads
US4334632A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-06-15 Nifco Inc. Stopper for opening
US4384804A (en) * 1981-02-12 1983-05-24 Morris Township, Morris County Integral plastic fastener
US4384803A (en) * 1981-02-12 1983-05-24 Allied Corporation Integral plastic fastener
US4534088A (en) * 1983-08-29 1985-08-13 James Ricke Hole plug
US4534572A (en) * 1984-12-20 1985-08-13 Dana Corporation Port baffle for engine gasket
FR2637338A1 (en) * 1988-10-04 1990-04-06 Allevard Ind Sa Spring seat for a vehicle suspension coil spring and vehicle suspension including such a spring seat
US4930659A (en) * 1989-04-14 1990-06-05 Sauber Charles J Drain baffle grommet for vehicle compartments
US5361922A (en) * 1993-04-02 1994-11-08 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Centrifuge tubes with snap plugs
US5731069A (en) * 1994-01-12 1998-03-24 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Composite gage and drain hole sealer
US6416004B1 (en) * 1999-09-17 2002-07-09 Breed Automotive Technology, Inc. Seat belt retractor
US20070007292A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2007-01-11 Robert D. Deley Plug with beveled undercut sealing groove for beverage lids
US20060229147A1 (en) * 2005-04-12 2006-10-12 J. Richard Industries, Inc. Sport item handle end cap
US8052547B2 (en) * 2005-04-12 2011-11-08 Nike, Inc. Sport item handle end cap
US7757889B1 (en) * 2005-09-27 2010-07-20 Zeev Haim Zipris Sealing and reopening device for opened aluminum beverage cans
US10138027B2 (en) 2005-11-01 2018-11-27 Stixtogo, Inc. Plug for beverage container lid
US20110079595A1 (en) * 2005-11-01 2011-04-07 Stixtogo, Inc. Plug for beverage container lid
US8052003B2 (en) 2005-11-01 2011-11-08 Stixtogo, Inc. Plug with recessed body portions for beverage container lid
US20090152279A1 (en) * 2005-11-01 2009-06-18 Thomas Burns Plug for Beverage Container Lid
US9216846B2 (en) * 2005-11-01 2015-12-22 Stixtogo, Inc. Plug for beverage container lid
WO2009115293A1 (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-09-24 Rehau Ag + Co. Oil pan and closure element for an oil pan
US9310171B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2016-04-12 Kma Concepts Limited Toy arrow for use with toy bow
US9903681B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2018-02-27 Kma Concepts Limited Toy arrow for use with toy bow
US9482501B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2016-11-01 KMA Concepts Unlimited Toy arrow for use with toy bow
US9812684B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-11-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Using elastic averaging for alignment of battery stack, fuel cell stack, or other vehicle assembly
US9061403B2 (en) 2011-07-21 2015-06-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment system for precisely locating an emblem lens to an outer bezel
US9067379B2 (en) 2012-04-28 2015-06-30 GM Global Technologies Operations LLC Stiffened multi-layer compartment door assembly utilizing elastic averaging
US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
US9061715B2 (en) 2012-08-09 2015-06-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic cantilever beam alignment system for precisely aligning components
US9463538B2 (en) 2012-08-13 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system and method thereof
US20140041185A1 (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and attachment system and method for precisely locating and attaching components
US9556890B2 (en) 2013-01-31 2017-01-31 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic alignment assembly for aligning mated components and method of reducing positional variation
US9156506B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2015-10-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment system
US9382935B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-05 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tubular attachment assembly for mating components and method of mating components
US9388838B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-07-12 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining assembly for matable components and method of assembling
US9278642B2 (en) 2013-04-04 2016-03-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable flange locator arrangement and method of reducing positional variation
US9297400B2 (en) 2013-04-08 2016-03-29 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic mating assembly and method of elastically assembling matable components
US9067625B2 (en) 2013-04-09 2015-06-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic retaining arrangement for jointed components and method of reducing a gap between jointed components
US9447840B2 (en) * 2013-06-11 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable energy management assembly and method of managing energy absorption
US20140360826A1 (en) * 2013-06-11 2014-12-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable energy management assembly and method of managing energy absorption
US9243655B2 (en) 2013-06-13 2016-01-26 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic attachment assembly and method of reducing positional variation and increasing stiffness
US9488205B2 (en) 2013-07-12 2016-11-08 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment arrangement for mated components and method
US9303667B2 (en) 2013-07-18 2016-04-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Llc Lobular elastic tube alignment system for providing precise four-way alignment of components
US9863454B2 (en) 2013-08-07 2018-01-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components of a sealable compartment
US9458876B2 (en) * 2013-08-28 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable alignment fastener and system
US20150063943A1 (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-05 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable alignment fastener and system
US9463831B2 (en) 2013-09-09 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic tube alignment and fastening system for providing precise alignment and fastening of components
US9457845B2 (en) 2013-10-02 2016-10-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Lobular elastic tube alignment and retention system for providing precise alignment of components
US9511802B2 (en) 2013-10-03 2016-12-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9669774B2 (en) 2013-10-11 2017-06-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Reconfigurable vehicle interior assembly
US9481317B2 (en) 2013-11-15 2016-11-01 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable clip and method
US9428123B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for a flexible assembly
US9447806B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Self-retaining alignment system for providing precise alignment and retention of components
US9216704B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2015-12-22 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged strap systems and methods
US9446722B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-09-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastic averaging alignment member
US9599279B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-03-21 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically deformable module installation assembly
US9238488B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-01-19 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9541113B2 (en) 2014-01-09 2017-01-10 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9463829B2 (en) 2014-02-20 2016-10-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
US9428046B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Alignment and retention system for laterally slideably engageable mating components
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US9091514B1 (en) 2014-04-04 2015-07-28 Kma Concepts Limited Shafted projectiles having a head
US9746293B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2017-08-29 Kma Concepts Limited Shafted projectiles having a head
US9429176B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
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