US316051A - Bindings of books - Google Patents

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US316051A US316051DA US316051A US 316051 A US316051 A US 316051A US 316051D A US316051D A US 316051DA US 316051 A US316051 A US 316051A
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Patented Apr. 21, 1885.
(No Model.)
N. PETERS. Pnomumn m ner, Washmgwn, D. c.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent NO. 316,051, dated April 21, 1885.
Application filed March 2, 1883.
(No mode To all whoml it may concern.-
Be it known that I, MICHAEL MUL UEEN, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bindings of Books; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in the binding of blank-books ofthat class known as spring-back, or in which the cover-back is convex and rigid, and in which the contained leaves are flexibly united and adapted to spring away from the cover-back when the book is open, so that the exposed pages will lie proximately fiat and accessible at their line of junction.
The improvement has for its objects, among others, to increase the strength and durability of the binding and to give a desirable elasticity at the joint between the back and lids, wherein the springback books as heretofore bound have been in a measure defective.
To these ends the book illustrated in the accompanying drawings as embodying my invention is provided with a sheet of rubber attached to the inner or concave surface of the tar-board back and extending the entire length thereof, said sheet being wider than the said tar-board back and having its margins fastened, by paste or otherwise, beneath the coverflies for the whole length or heightof said covers, after which the strapped book is inserted and the binding is completed in the usual manner.
In the binding of this class of books as heretofore usually constructed, the strapped book, being the flexibly-joined leaves provided with the flies or flaps, has been first connected with the tar-board lids, and thereafter the tarboard back has been temporarily held in place merely by'pasting strips of paper over the joints on both sides, and thereby uniting the tar-board back with the tar-board lids sufficiently to enable the covering-leather or other material to be applied tothese parts. In my improvement the additional sheet of rubber is first fastened to the tar-board back, as de* scribed, and then said tar-board back is secured to the tar-board covers throughout their entire length or height by means of the extended sides of the added sheet of rubber mentioned. After this has been done, the straps are applied to the lids, and the outer covering and inner lid covers are attached in the usual manner.
Referring to the drawings for a more detailed description of my improvement, Figure 1 is a blank-book of the class referred to, having parts broken away, so as to show the manner of construction contemplated by my improvement. Fig. 2 is a transverse section in the plane 00 a: of Fig. 1, parallel with the end of the book. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the tar-board'back having the additional sheet of rubber which I provide secured thereto preparatory to connecting it with the lids and strapped book.
A is a strapped book. A are the straps thereof. B isthe tar-board back. 0 G are the tar-board lids. D is the sheet-rubber or other elastic material which constitutes the principal feature of my invention, and E is the outer covering of the book. The sheet D is fastened to the inner or concave face of the 'ing, 6 I), along each margin of the said back, and by a similar line of stitching, b, at each end. Said sheet D is materially wider than the tar-board back B, and its extended marskived at their edges, are inserted between the main body of the lids O and the uplifted fly G, which form parts of said lids, and are secured to the outer or main portion of the lids by paste or in any other suitable manner. After the back B has been in this manner secured to thelids O, the strapped book Ais connected with the lids G in the usual mannerthat is to say, by having the middle or central sections of the straps A inserted beneath the flies O, and the end sections of said straps fastened externally to said flies C after the outer covering has been properly turned over the edges of the lids. The parts being joined, as set forth, the binding of the book is completed in the usual manner.
It is obvious that the joints at F willin the construction described be much stronger by reason of the presence of the sheet D, which at these joints F re -enforces the coveringtar-board back B, preferably by a line of stitchgins D form flaps or flies which, properly leather E, and will at the same time be more flexible on account of the elasticity of the rub her, which permits the parts to yield or give when the book is opened. It is also obvious that when the book is open at or in the sections near the lids the rubber sheet D,connecting the lids with the tar-board back on their.
' inner surfaces, operates to draw thelids down more closely against the back at the joint, and
thereby enables the book-leaves to be opened more daily, so that the pages are more perfectly accessible at or near their junction. The book provided with this additional part orsheet D, secured as described, and extended from end to end of the book, will also manifestly be much more durable, and particularly it is plain that the back and lids will maintain their relative positions more perfectly in the continued use of the book than when joined solely by the covering-leather E, or by such leather and a re-enforcing sheet of paper or press board, which has sometimes been used for the purpose.
I prefer that the sheet D shall be of heavy rubbersay one-sixteenth of an inch thick, or thereabout, varying with the size of the book. Said substance is preferable because it has a smooth surface, and also because it is both firm and in a degree elastic, so that when the book is open it will draw the lids forcibly down against the back, while at the same time, upon closing the book, it will contract and lie smoothand snug and not thicken up, so as to cause the book to become loose and bungling at the joints. The rubber sheet mentioned is preferably placed upon the inner face of the back B, so that the back of the book proper comes in contact with the surface thereof. An importantadvantage arises from this construction, for the reason thatthe stitching upon the back of the book is liable, in case it comes in contact with the hard surface of the interior of the back, as in the usual form of binding, to become abraded and finally cut by being pressed and moved upon such surface in opening and closing or otherwise handling the book. The rubber sheet presentsa soft and yielding surface, into which the projecting line of stitches. extending over the parchment straps (to which the leaves are sewed in the usual method of binding) are allowed to sink, and which will yield, so as to prevent any rubbing or scraping of said stitches.
The presence of the rubber sheet between the rear edges of the book and the lateral margins of the spring-back also produces an improved result, from the fact that elastic cushions are thereby formed, whereby the amount of force required to expand the springback in opening and closing the book may be lessened, while the said back may at the same time be made of the requisite rigidity to hold the parts firmly in their opened and closed positions. An, improved effect is also obtained by the construction shown, in which the rubber sheet is stitched to the edges of the back, the rubber by this means tending to draw the edges of the back inward or together, or so that the material of the back proper may be made thinner and less rigid. without decreasing the effect as a spring, and the rubber at the same time, by its elasticity, permitting considerable expansion of the back without tendency to weaken or break it, as is r liable to be the case when the material composing the back is made of considerable thickness for the purpose of obtaining sufficient rigidity to prevent the back from opening or spreading too easily.
I claim as my invention 1. The combination, with the back and lids of a spring-back book, of a sheet of rubber connecting the lids and back, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination, with the back andlids of a spring-back book, of a sheet of rubber secured to the inner concave face of the back and attached at its margins to the lids, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination, with the back B and lids O, of a sheet, D, of rubber, attached to the lateral margins of the said back, and secured at its edges to the lids O, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
"In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
P. W. SNoWHooK.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4596408A (en) * 1981-03-30 1986-06-24 Book Covers Inc. Reinforced hinge for book cover
US4650216A (en) * 1983-05-16 1987-03-17 Carlson Dennis W Paperback-hardcover conversion insert

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4596408A (en) * 1981-03-30 1986-06-24 Book Covers Inc. Reinforced hinge for book cover
US4650216A (en) * 1983-05-16 1987-03-17 Carlson Dennis W Paperback-hardcover conversion insert

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