US3158171A - Distributor - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3158171A
US3158171A US22072862A US3158171A US 3158171 A US3158171 A US 3158171A US 22072862 A US22072862 A US 22072862A US 3158171 A US3158171 A US 3158171A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
box
parting
distributor
troughs
figure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
John S Eckert
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US STONEWARE CO
United States Stoneware Co
Original Assignee
US STONEWARE CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/02Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds
    • B01J8/0278Feeding reactive fluids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
    • B01D3/008Liquid distribution
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/44Overflow trough
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/4673Plural tanks or compartments with parallel flow
    • Y10T137/479Flow dividing compartments

Description

J. S. ECKERT DISTRIBUTOR Nov. 24, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 31, 1962 ATTORNEY Nov. 24, 1964 Filed Aug. 31, 1962 J. S. ECKERT DISTRIBUTOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. IO

INVENTOR. JOHN S. ECKERT Ina/"6 M ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,158,171 DISTRIBUTOR John S. Eckert, Silver Lake, Ohio, assignor to The United States Stoneware Company, Tallmadge, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Aug. 31, 1962, Ser. No. 220,728 1 Claim. (Cl. 137-262) This invention relates to an improved distributor for a chemical treating tower.

The distributor is of the usual type insofar as it is composed of several closed end troughs and one (or possibly more) parting boxes superimposed on the trough-s.

The troughs and/or parting box (or boxes) of the distributor of this invention are fabricated essentially entirely of sheet metal. The tops of the walls are flanged, with the flanges continuous from one end of the trough or box to the other, and the openings for the overflow of liquid therefrom are stamped from the sheet metal inside of the flange area, preferably while the sheet metal is in the form of flat stock.

The drawings illustrate a preferred distributor which includes a single parting box, and four troughs, although the number of troughs is not critical and will vary with the size of the tower. In the drawings- FIGURE 1 is an isometric view of the distributor;

FIGURE 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is illustrative of one type of installation of the distributor in a tower;

FIGURE 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a plan view of the distributor; and

FIGURE 6 to show steps in the fabrication of a trough.

FIGURE 3 shows the distributor 5 resting on the ledge 6 fastened to the inside of the wall 7 of a tower. This ledge may be angle iron (as shown) or rolled bar stock. Liquid from the inlet 9 enters the parting box 11 and overflows from there into the troughs 12 which spread the liquid over the entire area of the bed 15 of packing elements. This bed may be covered by a hold-down plate.

Each trough is formed from illustrated in FIGURES 6-10. In the first step thetriangular overflow openings 21 are punched into the sheet. Then flanges 22 are turned in, and in the next step the sides are broken up along lines 23. Before bending the sides perpendicular, the inner edges of the flanges 22 are turned down at 24 to give added strength to the trough. The sides are then bent to their final position (FIGURE 10) and the ends 25 (FIGURE 1) are closed by separate closure sheets or by bending an area of the metal which is integral with a side or preferably the bottom of the trough. The ends are usually welded in position.

The parting box 11 is fabricated in much the same fashion. The overflow openings 30 may be square, as

a sheet of sheet metal as.

3,158,171 Patented Nov. 24, 1964 shown, or triangular as the preferred shape. For instance, they may be any desired shape.

Similarly, the overflow openings in the troughs may be any desired shape. They may be V-shaped at any angle; and above the bottom tip may be any shape.

In troughs designed for low volume of flow, the bottom ofeach opening in the parting box and each trough may be provided with a drip lip.

The parting box is supported on metal bridges 35 which span the respective troughs and preferably are welded to the flanges on the troughs. There are two threaded studs 37 projecting up from each of the end bridges and the parting box is held in position by nuts 38 threaded on to these studs. Pins 39 extend up from the other bridges and position the troughs between the end of the parting box. The parting box may rest on these intermediate bridges or the entire support may come from the end bridges so that an intermediate trough will never carry the weight of the parting box. Gaskets or the like may be provided to prevent leakage of the liquid through the holes in the bottom of the parting box which accommodate the studs and pins. However, this is usually not necessary.

The ends of the individual troughs may be welded to the ledge 6 or they may be held in position in any other desired manner. Likewise the parting box may be positioned on the troughs in any suitable way. Although bridges are preferably used, as illustrated, they are not essential.

The invention is covered in the claim that follows.

What I claim is:

A closed-end, elongated, liquid-carrying distributor for a chemical treating tower, the side walls and bottom of which are fabricated from one piece of sheet metal, said walls being spaced by the bottom which is integral therewith, with a flange of the metal at the top of each of said side walls turned in and down substantially at right angles to provide open access from below, which flanges are integral with the wall and continuous from one end of the wall to the other, with openings in each wall adjacent the flange for the overflow of liquid therethrough.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 930,926 8/09 Bentley 239-193 1,770,657 7/30 Calhoun 239-193 2,281,799 5/42 Quave 137-262 2,696,139 12/54 Attwood 151-4157 3,011,723 12/61 Van Weele 261-112 OTHER REFERENCES I Design Manual, 1960, U.S. Stoneware Co., page 26.

Ball Ring, 1960, U.S. Stoneware Co., page 13.

MARTIN P. SCHWADRON, Acting Primary Examiner.

US3158171A 1962-08-31 1962-08-31 Distributor Expired - Lifetime US3158171A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3158171A US3158171A (en) 1962-08-31 1962-08-31 Distributor

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3158171A US3158171A (en) 1962-08-31 1962-08-31 Distributor
DE19631442929 DE1442929A1 (en) 1962-08-31 1963-08-21 Fluessigkeitsverteiler for chemical Behandlungstuerme
GB3393263A GB976036A (en) 1962-08-31 1963-08-27 Improvements in or relating to distributors for chemical treating towers
FR946240A FR1367396A (en) 1962-08-31 1963-08-30 improved dispenser for a chemical process tower

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3158171A true US3158171A (en) 1964-11-24

Family

ID=22824699

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3158171A Expired - Lifetime US3158171A (en) 1962-08-31 1962-08-31 Distributor

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US3158171A (en)
DE (1) DE1442929A1 (en)
GB (1) GB976036A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3259380A (en) * 1964-03-30 1966-07-05 Us Stoneware Co Total redistributor
US3263976A (en) * 1964-04-09 1966-08-02 Grace W R & Co Apparatus for distributing liquid in packed towers
US3420443A (en) * 1965-05-15 1969-01-07 Stamicarbon Apparatus for dividing liquid into uniformly distributed flows
US3447329A (en) * 1965-11-20 1969-06-03 Wade Intern Ltd Drain structure
US3659623A (en) * 1969-12-02 1972-05-02 Baltimore Aircoil Co Inc Water supply system
US3706416A (en) * 1970-03-03 1972-12-19 Coal Industry Patents Ltd Apparatus for rinsing small particulate material
US3844135A (en) * 1973-03-22 1974-10-29 Maplecrest Sausage Co Inc Cooling system for sausages
US3937769A (en) * 1973-12-27 1976-02-10 Norton Company Liquid distributor
US4066537A (en) * 1975-03-27 1978-01-03 Georg Josef Bernfeld Wet magnetic separation of materials
US4272026A (en) * 1978-10-24 1981-06-09 Biuro Studiow, projetow i Realizacji in Westycji Przemyslu Nieorganicznego "Biprokawas" Sprinkling device for absorption towers
US4568016A (en) * 1984-09-26 1986-02-04 At&T Technologies, Inc. Wave solder weir arrangement with constant solder head
US4776989A (en) * 1983-09-19 1988-10-11 The Dow Chemical Company Method and apparatus for liquid feed to liqiud distributors in fluid-liquid contacting towers
US5107892A (en) * 1989-10-23 1992-04-28 Plachy Richard F Weir construction for liquid distributors
US5154353A (en) * 1989-11-16 1992-10-13 Plachy Richard F Optimized weir construction for liquid distributors
US5884658A (en) * 1996-09-05 1999-03-23 Cameron; Gordon M. Liquid distributor for a packed tower
US6395139B1 (en) 1998-10-30 2002-05-28 The Boc Group, Inc. Feed distributor for a liquid distributor of a distillation column
US20100244290A1 (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-09-30 Zhanping Xu Fluid distribution to parallel flow vapor-liquid contacting trays
US20140166110A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-19 Koch-Glitsch, Lp Distributor in mass transfer column and method of use

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3363424D1 (en) * 1983-01-04 1986-06-12 Sulzer Ag Liquid distributor for a mass and heat exchange column
DE3463896D1 (en) * 1983-03-01 1987-07-02 Sulzer Ag Gravimetric liquid distribution device for a mass and heat exchange column
GB2177318B (en) * 1985-07-02 1989-01-18 Shell Int Research Catalytic conversion of gas or liquid in a multitube reactor
JPH0532081B2 (en) * 1988-11-03 1993-05-14 Glitsch
GB201611769D0 (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-08-17 Numatic Int Ltd Liquid flow divider

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US930926A (en) * 1908-06-12 1909-08-10 Frank F Bentley Spray-trough.
US1770657A (en) * 1928-04-02 1930-07-15 Braun & Co C F Water-distributing system for cooling towers
US2281799A (en) * 1942-05-05 Flow distributor
US2696139A (en) * 1952-05-28 1954-12-07 Charles W Attwood Nut for locking engagement with unistrut
US3011723A (en) * 1960-06-09 1961-12-05 Stamicarbon Liquid distributor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2281799A (en) * 1942-05-05 Flow distributor
US930926A (en) * 1908-06-12 1909-08-10 Frank F Bentley Spray-trough.
US1770657A (en) * 1928-04-02 1930-07-15 Braun & Co C F Water-distributing system for cooling towers
US2696139A (en) * 1952-05-28 1954-12-07 Charles W Attwood Nut for locking engagement with unistrut
US3011723A (en) * 1960-06-09 1961-12-05 Stamicarbon Liquid distributor

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3259380A (en) * 1964-03-30 1966-07-05 Us Stoneware Co Total redistributor
US3263976A (en) * 1964-04-09 1966-08-02 Grace W R & Co Apparatus for distributing liquid in packed towers
US3420443A (en) * 1965-05-15 1969-01-07 Stamicarbon Apparatus for dividing liquid into uniformly distributed flows
US3447329A (en) * 1965-11-20 1969-06-03 Wade Intern Ltd Drain structure
US3659623A (en) * 1969-12-02 1972-05-02 Baltimore Aircoil Co Inc Water supply system
US3706416A (en) * 1970-03-03 1972-12-19 Coal Industry Patents Ltd Apparatus for rinsing small particulate material
US3844135A (en) * 1973-03-22 1974-10-29 Maplecrest Sausage Co Inc Cooling system for sausages
US3937769A (en) * 1973-12-27 1976-02-10 Norton Company Liquid distributor
US4066537A (en) * 1975-03-27 1978-01-03 Georg Josef Bernfeld Wet magnetic separation of materials
US4272026A (en) * 1978-10-24 1981-06-09 Biuro Studiow, projetow i Realizacji in Westycji Przemyslu Nieorganicznego "Biprokawas" Sprinkling device for absorption towers
US4776989A (en) * 1983-09-19 1988-10-11 The Dow Chemical Company Method and apparatus for liquid feed to liqiud distributors in fluid-liquid contacting towers
US4568016A (en) * 1984-09-26 1986-02-04 At&T Technologies, Inc. Wave solder weir arrangement with constant solder head
US5107892A (en) * 1989-10-23 1992-04-28 Plachy Richard F Weir construction for liquid distributors
US5154353A (en) * 1989-11-16 1992-10-13 Plachy Richard F Optimized weir construction for liquid distributors
US5884658A (en) * 1996-09-05 1999-03-23 Cameron; Gordon M. Liquid distributor for a packed tower
US6395139B1 (en) 1998-10-30 2002-05-28 The Boc Group, Inc. Feed distributor for a liquid distributor of a distillation column
US20100244290A1 (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-09-30 Zhanping Xu Fluid distribution to parallel flow vapor-liquid contacting trays
US8235362B2 (en) * 2009-03-31 2012-08-07 Uop Llc Fluid distribution to parallel flow vapor-liquid contacting trays
US20140166110A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-19 Koch-Glitsch, Lp Distributor in mass transfer column and method of use
US9089787B2 (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-07-28 Koch-Glitsch, Lp Distributor in mass transfer column and method of use
US20150330726A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-11-19 Koch-Glitsch, Lp Distributor in mass transfer column and method of use
US9909824B2 (en) * 2012-12-14 2018-03-06 Koch-Glitsch, Lp Distributor in mass transfer column and method of use

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE1442929A1 (en) 1968-12-19 application
GB976036A (en) 1964-11-25 application

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