US3153837A - Device for crimping synthetic threads - Google Patents

Device for crimping synthetic threads Download PDF

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US3153837A
US3153837A US25021A US2502160A US3153837A US 3153837 A US3153837 A US 3153837A US 25021 A US25021 A US 25021A US 2502160 A US2502160 A US 2502160A US 3153837 A US3153837 A US 3153837A
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chamber
crimping
thread
threads
drive
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US25021A
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Schippers Heinz
Lohest Hans
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Oerlikon Barmag AG
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Barmag Barmer Maschinenfabrik AG
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G1/00Producing crimped or curled fibres, filaments, yarns, or threads, giving them latent characteristics
    • D02G1/12Producing crimped or curled fibres, filaments, yarns, or threads, giving them latent characteristics using stuffer boxes
    • D02G1/125Producing crimped or curled fibres, filaments, yarns, or threads, giving them latent characteristics using stuffer boxes including means for monitoring or controlling yarn processing

Description

Oct. 27, 1964 H. SCHIPPERS ETAL 3,153,337
DEVICE FOR CRIMPING SYNTHETIC THREADS Filed April 27, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIGI INVENTORS: HE-INZ SCHIPPERS HANS LOHEST ATT'YS Oct. 27, 1964 H. SCHIPPERS ET AL DEVICE FOR CRIMPING SYNTHETIC THREADS Filed April 27, 1960 FIGS , MI 1 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 HEINZ SCHIPPERS NS LOHEST v,
ATTORNEYS INVENTORS:
United States Patent O 3,153,837 DEVICE FOR CRIMPING SYNTHETIC THREADS Heinz Schippers and Hans Lohest, Remseheid-Lennep,
Germany, assignors to Banner hiaschineufabrik Alrtiengesellschaft, Wuppertal-Oberbarmen, Germany Filed Apr. 27, 1960, Ser. No. 25,621 Claims priority, application Germany Apr. 30, 1959 Claims. (Cl. 281) The present invention is directed to means for crimping filaments such as nylon, rayon, acetate, vinyl resins, polyesters, acrylic, and vinylidene chlorine filaments. More particularly, the invent-ion relates to a crimping device which includes a crimping chamber and to means for controlling the amount of thread material in said chamber by regulating either the rate at which the filaments are fed to the chamber or the rate at which the crimped threads are removed from the chamber.
In crimping devices of the type with which this invention is concerned, filaments are passed from a supply point to a stufling chamber by means of paired conveyor rollers. In the chamber pressure is applied to the threads which compresses them tightly into layers. The layers of thread are passed through a heating zone and then a cooling zone within the chamber in order to fix the crimp. Thereafter, the crimped material is drawn ofl from the exit end of the chamber and is conducted to a winding device.
One of the important requirements of a crimping process is that the material must be fed into the stuffing chamber at one end and draw off from the other end of the chamber in such a manner that the residence time of the thread in the heating zone remains as constant as possible and does not exceed a particular limit. It is also important in continuous operations to make certain that the chamber never becomes entirely empty.
Several methods have been proposed for regulating the passage of the thread through the stuifing chamber. In one method the operating speed of either the feed rollers or the drawing oft" rollers is adjusted according to how full the stutting chamber is at any particular time. As the counter-pressure agent or stutter which compresses the fibers moves up or down in the chamber from a desired position, a variable speed motor is actuated which controls either the feed rollers or the drawing off rollers. With this arrangement, however, it has been found that considerable and uncontrollable difierences occur with regard to the staying time of any particular section of the running thread in the heating zone. It has also been found that undesirable fluctuations take place in the tension on the thread or on the crimping intensity produced by the compressing means.
In another known device, either the rate at which the feed rollers supply the thread to the stufiing chamber or the speed of the drawing-off rollers are controlled by means of an on and otf switch which is intermittently operated by means of the counter-pressure agent. This type of apparatus also has not met with any substantial success. One reason is that the slip motors which are usually used in such a device behave differently in response to slight changes in operating conditions such as hearing friction. For this reason it is very difiicult to preset a motor so that it can be speeded up or slowed down properly in response to changes in position of the counter-pressure agent.
There are still other devices in which the feed of the threads or the drawing ofi' of the threads is controlled according to the amount of material in the chamber. Many of these systems, however, require complicated and expensive equipment which is subject to malfunctioning.
ice
It is an object of the present invention to provide improved apparatus for crimping artificial fibers.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved means for regulating the feed and/ or withdrawal of material from the stuffing chamber of a crimping device.
Other objects will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following-detailed description of the invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which a specificembodiment has been set forth for purposes of illustration.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic View, partly in section, of a crimping apparatus embodying the present inven tion;
FIGURE'Z is a cross-sectional view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIGURE 3 is a diagrammatic view showing the wiring arrangement of a particular series installation;
FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, showing one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, showing one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, showing one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, showing one embodiment of the present invention; and
FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, showing one embodiment of the present invention.
In FIG. 1, thread 1 is shown as being passed from a supply point (not pictured) through paired conveyor rollers 2 and 3 into stuffing chamber 5 of cylindrical tube 4. In the chamber the thread is compressed against counter-pressure agent (which in this instance is ball packing 6 into layers which lie tightly one upon the other. The layers of tbr'eadform plug 7. The thread emerges from the plugin a crimped condition and is drawn oil through the ball packing. Normally, the lower part or" the chamber is equipped with a heating means which is not shown in the drawing. Similarly, the upper part of the chamber usually includes a corresponding cooling device. The heating and cooling sections of the chamber serve to fix the crimp As the stufiing chamber fills, plug 7 presses the ball packing toward the end of the chamber where-an adjustable member 8, which is pictured as a'feeler prong, is slidably mounted on carrier arm 9. The position of member 8 changes as the chamber filling either increases or decreases. Carrier arm 9 is mounted on sleeve 10 which in turn is slidably mounted on rod 11 'which is attached to cylindrical tube 4; By means of-set screw 12, sleeve 10 can be fixed at any desired height. Also mounted on sleeve 10, and at a sufficient distance from carrier arm 9, is a conventional throw-over switch 13. This switch conveniently can be a micro switch having a push button 14, which is operated by the feeler and setting member 8 in accordance with the filling of the chamber. In another embodiment, push-button 14 can be considered a feeler prong and the switch 13 can be placed directly on the rim of cylindrical tube 4 (see FIG. 4).
The crimped thread is drawn off from chamber 5, past the feeler prong and through eye 15 which can conveniently be arranged on carrier arm 9 (see FIG. 2). If it is desired, feeler plate 16 of feeler and setting member 8 may be pierced for passage of the crimped thread (see FIG. 5). Another possibility is to make the entire feeler prong hollow (see FIGS. 6 and 7).
The drawing 01f of the thread may be carried out by a special device placed between the crimping chamber and the winding means (see FIG. 8). In the drawing, however, the crimped thread is drawn off directly by the wind- Patented Oct. 27, 1964 ing means. The winding device is arranged in a known manner. Drive roller 17 having grooves 18 for the backand-forth distribution of the thread, along with drive shaft 19 of drive roller 17 is carried on the machine frame (not pictured) at points'20 and 21. Shaft 19 is driven by motor 22:: operating through pulleys 23 and 24 and belt 25. Winding 27 is formed on spool holder 26. Winding 27 is frictionally driven and swings on rod 28 at 29 along the spoolholder carrier 30 as the winding diameter increases.
The crimped thread is drawn ofl? from the crimping chamber at a speed which corresponds to the winding speed. According to the subject invention, the speed at which the thread is drawn off is maintained at one of two rates depending uponthe chamber filling. These two velocity stages are proportioned in such a manner that the thread plug either slowly grows or gradually is diminished.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention the drawing ofl? speeds are controlled as accurately as possible by connecting drive motor 22 to one of two power sources of differing frequency. In this manner it is possible to obtain constant rates of revolution in each stage This is particularly important where the Winding program includes a series of stufiing chambers and winding devices. In this embodiment motor 22 is connected by means of magnetic throw-over switch 31, which can be a relay,
magnetic relay, or the like, to one power source RST' having a frequency, for example, of 28 cycles per second and to a second power source RST' having a higher frequencyof, for example, 31 cycles per second. The throw-over switch 31 is operated by relay coil 32 which lies in one control-current circuit having an auxiliary potential source R"O. This control-current circuit is' closed or interrupted, depending upon the chamber filling, by the micro switch 13.
In the arrangement represented in FIG. 1, motor 22 is connected to the power source RST. The winding speed or drawing ofi' speedis such that the chamber is being slowly filled. As thread plug 7 increases in size and ball packing 6 rises, feeler prong 8 is raised and eventually contacts push-button 14 on mirco switch 13. This initiates a response in relay coil 32 and causes magnetic throw-over switch 31 to be shifted. Motor 22 is thereby connected to supply source RS'T which causes the motor rate to increase along with the drawing off speed. For this reason, thread plug 7 begins to diminish slowly. in size. As the chamber is emptied and the ball packing sinks, feeler prong 8 also falls and in so doing again operates micro switch 13 so that the relay coil 32 activates magnetic throw-over switch 31. In this manner, the motor once more is connected to upper supply main RST and the motor again slows down.
The frequencies required at any given time for carrying out a particular winding program as well as the difference between the two frequencies can be set by corresponding gearsin the transformer unit. In FIG. 3, a transformer or converter unit is represented for a series installation of compression-crimping devices according to thersubject invention. Drive motor 33 which can be a three-phase motor runs with a constant rate of revolution and drives generators 34 and 35. A gear 36 is wired between motor 33 and generator 34. If the winding program is altered, for example, by substituting threads of a different denier or if another crimping intensity is desired, the entire level of the winding velocity can be raised by means of gear 36.
Generator 34 determines thelower frequency and generator 35 the higher frequency. A second gear 37 is interposed between generators 34 and 35 which is used to provide a predetermined frequency diiference. Obviously, it is also possible to have generator 35 situated ahead of generator 34. Likewise, the generators may be arranged in such. a manner that the motor is located between them and drives a generator with each shaft end.
As is evident from the above discussion, it is pro- 4 posed according to the subject invention that the drawing off rate or feed rate of the threads be controlled by alternately switching the driving mechanism between two predetermined speeds. Between the two speeds, which lie close together, is the required mean winding speed.
In prior art. crimping devices of this type, the drive of the feed or drawing off means is intermittently interrupted and the rollers in question are brought to a stop. After the power is again switched on, the paired rollers are once more driven at full speed. In this arrangement the thread can easily be either overstretched or broken due to the sudden tension placed on the thread by starting and stopping the rollers. It has also been found that the prior art devices do not maintain the thread in the heating zone of the chamber for a uniform period of time. This causes the crimping intensity to deviate visibly between various sections of the thread. In contrast, the subject invention provides a gentle and uniform handling of the thread. This is accomplished by having the controlled drawing off or feed operation continue without interruption and by maintaining as small as possible the difference in speed between the two preadjusted stages.
As was pointed out in connection with the drawing, the stufling chamber is operatively associated with a switchover device, through the counter-pressure agent. The chamber filling is either gradually increasing or diminishing and as it reaches a desired level the counter-pressure agent acts indirectly or directly on a device which adjusts the drive for either the feed or drawing ofi means to one of the two speeds. This adjusting device may consist of a mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, hydraulic, or other means which in themselves are known. The adjusting device may include a friction disk or an eddy current coupling which regulates the switching or wiring and connects the motor to one of two potentials. Other equivalent means can, of course, be used to accomplish the desired result. 7
It has been found that if a uniform crimping intensity is to be achieved, especially with a series installation, it is essential that the two speeds established for the feed or drawing ofi means, as well as the difierence between these two speeds, be maintained as precisely as possible. This is very dificult to accomplish by means which are known in the art. In motors that are designed to operate tools at one of two speeds, for example, the usual three-phase or alternating current short circuit rotor motors are used. These motors most often are driven with alternating terminal potential and tend to slip considerably on reduction of the terminal potential. Accordingly, the rate of revolution delivered by such motors, especially with series installations, is not uniform.
In order to overcome the above problem, it has been proposed in a special embodiment of the invention that such three-phase or alternating current short circuit rotor motors be driven by electrical energy of differing frequency. In this manner, it is possible to maintain the torque of the motors constant even with a reduction of the frequency and a lowering of the rate of revolution and to obtain thereby a high degree of precision and agreement of the rates of revolution of adjacent working points. The transformer unit necessary for this purpose can without difiiculty supply a large number of working points which are arranged in one or more series installations with two a main potentials of differing frequency.
It is left to particular operators to determine whether their conditions make it more advisable to use the above described two-stage speed regulation in connection with the feed rollers with a constant drawing off rate or whether they maintain a constant feed rate into the crimping chamber and regulate the drawing ofi rate. If the drawing oil rate is controlled either a special devicefor removing the crimped material from the chamber can be used or this can be omitted and the Winding device or its drive roller can be regulated. The drive roller may also be arranged as a slit or groove drum. Regardless of whether the feed rate or the drawing 01f rate (either by a special drawing oil and conveying apparatus or directly by the winding device) of the crimped material i regulated, the speed is controlled in accordance with the crimping chamber filling.
It is also possible to switch convenienhy the drawing off and the winding of the crimp material synchronously in such a manner that the drawing oii and the winding device run in a constantly equal speed ratio (see FIG. 8).
Obviously, many modifications and variations can be made in the above described invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof. For this reason only such limitations should be placed on the invention as are indicated in the following claims.
We claim:
1. Apparatus for crimping synthetic threads which comprises: a crimping chamber, drive means for conveying synthetic threads through said chamber, compressing means associated with said chamber for forming said threads into layers within said chamber, control means for regulating said drive means, said control means operating in response to changes in the level to which said chamber is filled with said thread material, said control means being characterized by the fact that the regulated rate alternately shifts from one to the other of two preselected speeds, the mean speed desired for said crimping apparatus lying between said two speeds, whereby the thread plug formed in said chamber alternates between a gradual growth and a gradual diminution.
2. Apparatus for crimping synthetic threads which comprises: a crimping chamber, drive means associated with said chamber for conveying synthetic threads through said chamber, compressing mean within said chamber for crimping said threads, said compressing means being arranged to rise and fall within said chamber in response to changes in the level to which said chamber is filled with said thread, feeler means associated with said compressing means and designed to change its position in accordance with the changes in the position of said compressing means, said feeler means being arranged to operate control means for regulating said drive means, said control means being characterized by the fact that the regulated rate alternately shifts from one to the other of two preselected speeds, the mean speed desired for said crimping apparatus lying between said two speeds, whereby the thread plug formed in said chamber alternates between a gradual growth and a gradual diminution.
3. Apparatus for crimping synthetic threads which comprises: a crimping chamber, drive means associated with said chamber for passing synthetic threads into said chamber, drive means associated with said chamber for removing synthetic threads from said chamber, compressing means within said chamber for crimping said threads, said compressing means being arranged to rise and fall within said chamber in response to changes in the level to which said chamber is filled with said thread, feeier means associated with said compressing means and designed to change its position in accordance with the changes in the position of said compressing means, said feeler means being arranged to operate control means for regulating the drive mean for passing thread into said chamber, said control means being characterized by the fact that the regulated rate alternately shifts from one to the other of two preselected speeds, the mean speed desired for said crimping apparatus lying between said two speeds.
4. Apparatus for crimping synthetic threads which comprises: a crimping chamber, drive means associated with said chamber for passing synthetic threads into said chamber, drive means associated with said chamber for removing synthetic threads from said chamber, compressing means Within said chamber for crimping said threads, compressing means being arranged to rise and fall within said chamber in response to changes in the level to which said chamber is filled with said thread, feeler means associated with said compressing means and designed to change its position in accordance with the changes in the position of said compressing means, said feeler means being arranged to operate control means for regulating the drive means for removing said thread from said chamber, said control mean being characterized by the fact that the regulated rate alternately shifts from one to the other of two preselected speeds, the mean speed desired for said crimping apparatus lying between said two speeds.
5. An apparatus for crimping synthetic threads as in claim 2 wherein said drive means is an electric motor which is driven by a transformer which supplies two main potentials of differing frequency.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNIT ED STATES PATENTS 2,734,229 Shattuck Feb. 14, 1956 2,734,251 Rainard et a1 Feb. 14, 1956 2,734,252 Shattuck Feb. 14, 1956 2,740,992 Shattuck "Apr. 10, 1956 2,758,358 Shattuck Aug. 14, 1956 2,888,733 Wegener lune 2, 1959 2,914,835 Slayter et al. "Dec. 1, 1959 2,960,730 Shattuck Nov. 22, 1960

Claims (1)

1. APPARATUS FOR CRIMPING SYNTHETIC THREADS WHICH COMPRISES: A CRIMPING CHAMBER, DRIVE MEANS FOR CONVEYING SYNTHETIC THREADS THROUGH SAID CHAMBER, COMPRESSING MEANS ASSOCIATED WITH SAID CHAMBER FOR FORMING SAID THREADS INTO LAYERS WITHIN SAID CHAMBER, CONTROL MEANS FOR REGULATING SAID DRIVE MEANS, SAID CONTROL MEANS OPERATING IN RESPONSE TO CHANGES IN THE LEVEL TO WHICH SAID CHAMBER IS FILLED WITH SAID THREAD MATERIAL, SAID CONTROL MEANS BEING CHARACTERIZED BY THE FACT THAT THE REGULATED RATE ALTERNATELY SHIFTS FROM ONE TO THE OTHER OF TWO PRESELECTED SPEEDS, THE MEAN SPEED DESIRED FOR SAID CRIMPING APPARATUS LYING BETWEEN SAID TWO SPEEDS, WHEREBY THE THREAD PLUG FORMED IN SAID CHAMBER ALTERNATES BETWEEN A GRADUAL GROWTH AND A GRADUAL DIMINUTION.
US25021A 1959-04-30 1960-04-27 Device for crimping synthetic threads Expired - Lifetime US3153837A (en)

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DEB53087A DE1199430B (en) 1959-04-30 1959-04-30 Device for curling synthetic threads using the upsetting process

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CH (1) CH381352A (en)
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3300830A (en) * 1965-06-29 1967-01-31 Fiber Industries Inc Apparatus for uniformly crimping filaments
US3440699A (en) * 1967-09-29 1969-04-29 Techniservice Corp Process and apparatus for strand treatment
US3464096A (en) * 1965-10-23 1969-09-02 Klinger Mfg Co Ltd Apparatus and method for crimping yarn
US3579760A (en) * 1969-06-16 1971-05-25 Northrop Carolina Inc Texturizing apparatus
US3650001A (en) * 1970-12-24 1972-03-21 Phillips Petroleum Co Yarn texturing apparatus
US3675286A (en) * 1970-11-12 1972-07-11 Bancroft & Sons Co J Synchronizing yarn winding to stuffer crimper output
US3693222A (en) * 1970-12-28 1972-09-26 Phillips Petroleum Co Yarn texturing apparatus
US3936916A (en) * 1974-05-09 1976-02-10 Phillips Petroleum Company Method and apparatus for the production of textured yarn
US3977057A (en) * 1975-01-06 1976-08-31 Phillips Petroleum Company Apparatus for the production of yarn

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US2734229A (en) * 1954-10-08 1956-02-14 Crimping apparatus
US2740992A (en) * 1955-03-01 1956-04-10 Bancroft & Sons Co J Crimping and winding apparatus
US2758358A (en) * 1953-08-06 1956-08-14 Alexander Smith Inc Filament crimping apparatus
US2888733A (en) * 1953-06-27 1959-06-02 Inventa Ag Process for the fixation of pressure crimped synthetic fibers
US2914835A (en) * 1954-03-04 1959-12-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of crimping fibrous glass strand
US2960730A (en) * 1957-06-13 1960-11-22 Bancroft & Sons Co J Crimping apparatus

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GB391932A (en) * 1932-02-09 1933-05-11 British Thomson Houston Co Ltd Improvements in and relating to electric motor control systems
DE668751C (en) * 1934-08-03 1938-12-13 Willi Schweitzer Electromotive drive for fabric web conveyor devices, especially for cloth measuring machines
US2597133A (en) * 1946-05-10 1952-05-20 Westinghouse Electric Corp Control system
US2597136A (en) * 1947-02-21 1952-05-20 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electronic motor control
AT194051B (en) * 1953-08-06 1957-12-27 Alexander Smith Inc Upsetting curling device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2888733A (en) * 1953-06-27 1959-06-02 Inventa Ag Process for the fixation of pressure crimped synthetic fibers
US2758358A (en) * 1953-08-06 1956-08-14 Alexander Smith Inc Filament crimping apparatus
US2914835A (en) * 1954-03-04 1959-12-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of crimping fibrous glass strand
US2734251A (en) * 1954-10-08 1956-02-14 Crimping apparatus
US2734252A (en) * 1954-10-08 1956-02-14 Crimping apparatus
US2734229A (en) * 1954-10-08 1956-02-14 Crimping apparatus
US2740992A (en) * 1955-03-01 1956-04-10 Bancroft & Sons Co J Crimping and winding apparatus
US2960730A (en) * 1957-06-13 1960-11-22 Bancroft & Sons Co J Crimping apparatus

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3300830A (en) * 1965-06-29 1967-01-31 Fiber Industries Inc Apparatus for uniformly crimping filaments
US3464096A (en) * 1965-10-23 1969-09-02 Klinger Mfg Co Ltd Apparatus and method for crimping yarn
US3440699A (en) * 1967-09-29 1969-04-29 Techniservice Corp Process and apparatus for strand treatment
US3579760A (en) * 1969-06-16 1971-05-25 Northrop Carolina Inc Texturizing apparatus
US3675286A (en) * 1970-11-12 1972-07-11 Bancroft & Sons Co J Synchronizing yarn winding to stuffer crimper output
US3650001A (en) * 1970-12-24 1972-03-21 Phillips Petroleum Co Yarn texturing apparatus
US3693222A (en) * 1970-12-28 1972-09-26 Phillips Petroleum Co Yarn texturing apparatus
US3936916A (en) * 1974-05-09 1976-02-10 Phillips Petroleum Company Method and apparatus for the production of textured yarn
US3977057A (en) * 1975-01-06 1976-08-31 Phillips Petroleum Company Apparatus for the production of yarn

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BE589191A (en) 1960-07-18
DE1199430B (en) 1965-08-26
FR1257918A (en) 1961-04-07
NL250701A (en)
CH381352A (en) 1964-08-31
NL127107C (en)
GB888786A (en) 1962-02-07
BE589191A1 (en)

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