US3149711A - Error-correcting typewriter - Google Patents

Error-correcting typewriter Download PDF

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US3149711A
US3149711A US302390A US30239063A US3149711A US 3149711 A US3149711 A US 3149711A US 302390 A US302390 A US 302390A US 30239063 A US30239063 A US 30239063A US 3149711 A US3149711 A US 3149711A
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ribbon
backspace
printing
vibrator
keys
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William H Wolowitz
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William H Wolowitz
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Priority claimed from GB3837364A external-priority patent/GB1071959A/en
Priority to FR988812A priority patent/FR1408550A/en
Priority claimed from CH1223564A external-priority patent/CH434309A/en
Priority claimed from DE19641436757 external-priority patent/DE1436757C3/de
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J29/00Details of, or accessories for, typewriters or selective printing mechanisms not otherwise provided for
    • B41J29/26Devices, non-fluid media or methods for cancelling, correcting errors, underscoring or ruling
    • B41J29/36Devices, non-fluid media or methods for cancelling, correcting errors, underscoring or ruling for cancelling or correcting errors by overprinting

Description

P 1964 w. H. WOLOWlTZ ERROR-CORRECTING TYPEWRITER Filed Aug. 15, 1963 United States Patent 3,14%,711 ERROR-(IGCTKNG TYPEWPJTER William H. Wollowitz, 1742 Holly St. NW., Washington, Di

Filed Aug. 15, 1963, SenNo. 362,390 4 Claims. (til. 2197-91) This invention pertains to typewriters and similar business machines, and aims to provide an arrangement to facilitate the correcting of erroneously printed or typed characters. It is common practice to correct erroneous imprints by the use of a transfer material which superimposes on the erroneous imprint a layer of opaque pigment, usually white to match the color of the impression paper, the pigment being carried on a support strip of paper or the like, and so formulated as to be transferred to the impression sheet by the impact of a type bar or bars of the machine. This correction material is usually manually held by the typist at a point between the erroneous imprint and the ordinary inking ribbon of the typewriter, with its pigment surface facing the impression paper. The paper carriage or printing mechanism having been moved (as by backspacing) to bring the erroneous imprint into impression position, the erroneous character is again struck, so that a layer of pigment corresponding to the shape of the erroneous character is deposited to obliterate that character. If a correct character is to be superimposed on the obliterated space or spaces, the typist, after withdrawing the correction material, again backspaces to the desired point and makes the correct impressions in the usual way by means of the inked ribbon.

The above procedure involves considerable manipulation on the part of the typist, who has to obtain and position the correction material (in a vision-obscuring position) by hand, as well as observing the proper sequence of keyboard actions, backspacing and the like. It has also been proposed to effect corrections by means of a special ribbon which has parallel inking and obliterating stripes, so that the obliterating transfer material can be brought into use by shifting the red-black-stencil ribbon field control which is a common feature of such typewriters. A further development in the art has been the provision of a typewriter especially modified for convenient use of composite printing-correcting ribbons of the kind just mentioned; e.g., by providing an extra backspace key for use when an error is to be corrected, and connecting both backspace keys to the ribbon-field control so as automatically to shift the latter in the proper sequence for error obliterating and printing operations.

The present invention provides a typewriter or like machine in which the rapid and efiicient correction of errors is greatly facilitated, and which does not depend upon the use of special composite ribbons which are relatively costly and not always conveniently available. Briefly, the usual ribbon vibrator is modified so as to carry not only a full-width printing ribbon of the usual type, but also to provide a guideway for a continuous strip of the correction material, positioning the latter so as to lie in a plane between the impression paper and the conventional ribbon. This continuous strip of correction material is carried on a separate reel within the typewriter or attached to it, and the correction material is provided with a separate stepwise feeding means operated to pull a fresh section of the material into position for each stroke of the type bars during the correction of errors. The feeding means for the correction material is therefore arranged to be selectively engaged only when the typist has operated the auxiliary or special backspace key that is provided for use in error correction as described above. Also, of course, the machine is arranged so that when the conventional backspace key has been operated one or more times (after one or more 3,14%,71 l Patented Sept. 22., 1964 "ice obliterating operations) to make correct imprints, the feed for the correction material will be disengaged, and the ribbon field control selector automatically restored to the printing condition. It may be noted that the proper amount of feed of the correction material may be different from that provided for an impregnated fabric printing ribbon.

The foregoing arrangement provides a number of advantages. A fresh area of correction material is always presented precisely at the necessary position for use. The amount of correction material used up is kept to a minimum, with no waste. Since the correction material strip is separated from the type face by the cushioning thickness of the conventional ribbon, the deposit of pigment over each error is somewhat broader than the erroneous imprint, to give more perfect obliteration; in other words, the white deposit, while conforming to the particular character being obliterated, corresponds to a bold-face imprint from the same type face. As compared with the use of composite ribbons which have only half the ink storage capacity of a full-width inked textile ribbon, the new arrangement provides a full-width ink storage medium where the inking ribbon is of conventional saturated fabric construction. Since the correction material, once used, will be discarded, it need not be reeled up after use, but may be allowed to issue from the typewriter to be torn olf or disposed of as required.

A preferred embodiment of the invention will be described in detail herein, by way of illustration and not for purposes of limiting the invention. In the accompanying drawings,

FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view, partly broken away and with conventional elements omitted for clarity, of a typical form of typewriter incorporating the invention.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing the construction of the ribbon vibrator of the typewriter of FIG. 1.

The invention is shown, in FIGS. 1 and 2, as applied to a well-known make of commercial typewriter known as the Everest, but parts of that machine which are conventional and do not contribute directly to the essentials of the present invention have been omitted or indicated schematically. Thus, numeral 10 designates the frame or chassis of such a typewriter, the usual key-bank area being provided with manually operable keys for the production of character imprints such as for the letter I at 12, the space bar as at 14, conventional carriage-spacing mechanism 15, the usual backspace key 16 for producing letter-width stepwise movements of the carriage and platen from left to right, and the usual control 18 for allowing the operator to select the ribbon-field to be used; normally, either red or black. The latter control, in the Everest machine, is in the form of a disc-like part having an operating lug 20 projecting through a slot in the side-frame portion of the machine.

The usual movable paper carriage of the typewriter has not been shown, and is to be understood as conventional, but its paper platen or roller has been shown partially, in dash lines, as at 22; the backspace rack 24, secured to the traveling carriage, cooperates with a backspacing pawl mechanism 26 to provide the desired stepwise backspace motion upon each depression of the backspace key 16. To this end, the pawl mechanism is mounted for rotation on a shaft 28, and has a lever 30 extending to a point at which its tip may be slightly elevated upon each rotation of the backspace keylever 32, which is pivoted at 33 intermediate its ends on a fixed part of the machine frame. The usual keylever restoring spring is indicated at 34.

A similar stepwise backspacing movement of the pawl mechanism 26 is produced whenever the auxiliary backspacing key 36, at the opposite end of the keybarnk, is depressed. The keylever 38 of key 36 is also pivoted intermediate its ends as at 4%, and at its rear end is pivoted at ll to a transfer lever 42. pivoted at 43, and whose tip rests above the end of a rod or the like 44, also secured to the pawl mechanism 26. This second or auxiliary backspacing key is the one intended for use in backspacing as a preliminary to effecting an obliterating operation for error corrections.

The typewriter illustrated has the usual verticallymovable ribbon carrier or vibrator 46 which moves upward under the control of a universal bar operated when any character key such as 12 is operated. To provide this action, as well as to permit the selection of the particular ribbon field or stripe which is thus brought into printing position for each printing operation, the typewriter is provided with conventional vibrating mechanism 48. By way of illustration only, this is shown as including a stepped cam t) positioned to engage the lower extremity of the vibrator 45 upon each actuation of the universal bar, this cam being interposed between the vibrator and the operating link 52 which is oscillated by the universal bar through a rock shaft 5 2 The extent to which the ribbon vibrator, and hence the ribbon carried therein, is lifted in preparation for each imprint, is controlled by the ribbon field selector 18. Thus, the selector is arranged to. oscillate a sliding bar 56 in the fore-and-aft direction, the rear end of bar d6 being pivoted to a horizontal bell crank lever pivoted on the frame, and connected by a link or wire so to a transfer lever 62 that is in turn connected to the sliding stepped .cam 50.

The position of control 1% thus locates the stepped cam 59. to determine the extent of rise oi the vibrator on each'operation of shaft 54. Ordinarily, for use with a red and black ribbon, the lower stripe of the ribbon 64 would be inked red, and the upper stripe black. An intermediate position of control 18 may be used to eliminate the viorator motion, as for stencil cutting, but in any case the selected position of control 13 is maintained by a spring detent arrangement es. However, for use in connection with this invention, the ribbon 6 3 will normally be solid black or other solid-color inked, to provide the maximum ink reservoir for long printing life.

The ribbon 64 is drawn through the vibrator as in increments, as well known in the art, as by gearing 68 or the like connected to the rock shaft 5d and thence connected to drive gears for the respective shafts (one being shown at 7d) for the conventional ribbon spools 72 and 74 between which printing ribbon 64 is reeled back and forth in the known way. Any known or convenient drive for these reels or spools is provided, preferably one of the automatic reversing type. By way of illustration, the connection to shaft 70 is indicated by the dash-line ratchet mechanism '76.

According to the invention, the same ribbon vibrator which carries and elevates the fabric inking ribbon 64 also guides at strip '78 of error-obliterating transfer material, such as a paper strip coated on the side facing the platen 22 with a layer of pressure-transferrable opaque pigment, usually white to match white impression paper. The vibrator is constructed so that this paper strip '73 is always positioned between the platen and the lower half (say) of the fabric ribbon 64-, thus moving up and down as the character keys are struck, in the same manner. However, this strip 78 will only move to the actual printing position (that is, when the vibrator is set to reach its highest position) when the ribbon selector 18 has been moved to what would be the red printing position when the machine is employed with a red and black ribbon. This red position is indicated by the full-line position of lug 2t and the black position by its dashed line position.

The strip 7% of correction material is stored on a reel or spool till suitably journalled in the machine, and is guided to the vibrator by the usual guides or rollers such as at 82. FIG. 2 shows the vibrator in more detail, the ribbon as passing through the usual full-width loops 84, while the strip '78 is carried by the auxiliary loops such as 86 (only one being visible) which are welded or otherwise secured to or formed as part of the vibrator for movement therewith. Upon leaving vibrator 46, the strip 78 passes to the right in FIG. 1, and through stepwise feeding mechanism indicated by a toothed feed roll 83 and the back ng or pressure roller 90, and thence (for example) through a slot in the frame for removal by the typist as required.

It is desired that correction material 73 pass through the vibrator only when the machine is set for the making of corrections, to avoid waste. The feed is produced by reciprocations of a sliding bar b2 suitably mounted on the machine, and arranged to be reciprocated by the oscillations of a lever @4 between stops 96, d8 under the control of a link wire ltltl. A spring 102 serves to urge the lever in one direction, and link 1% intermittently oscillates it when the link is pulled rearwardly by an operating arm Hi which is permanently connected to the universal bar action. To enable this feeding of strip 78 to occur only when the ribbon field selector 18 is set for red (or erase in this invention), the link wire liiil is arranged to be moved sidewise so that its loop can either engage, or not engage, the arm 1%. To this end, the link wire 1% passes loosely through a hole in an enlarged end res of a Wire or rod lit mounted for limited sliding motion on the machine frame, and connected also to the transfer lever 62 of the vibrator mechanism.

Thus, when the ribbon field control 18 is in the red or erase position, as shown, rod Jiii will be at its maximum leftward position, and it loop 166 will be in position to engage the end oi arm 194-, to be pulled rearwardlythereby as each character key is operated, thus accomplishing the stepped feed of material 78 through the vibrator. In any other position of control 18, rod lllil will be shifted to the right by lever 62, moving {the link wire 1% so that its loop llid will be past the end of arm ltld, as shown in dotted lines, to interrupt the feed of the correction strip.

When the printing ribbon 64 of the machine is of the saturated fabric type intended for constant re-use, the reels 72 and 74 will reverse their direction of rotation automatically, in the known way, as the ribbon approaches each end point, as described above; it is then immaterial that the ribbon feed provided by gearing es and ratchet 76 will continue to operate while corrections are being made and strip '73 used up. However, when employed with one-use carbon paper or plastic film ribbons in place of ribbon 64, unnecessary waste of such material may be avoided by selectively disconnecting the feeding action of such gears 68 whenever the feed for correction material is engaged. The mechanism employed may be similar to that providing for disengagement of the feed of strip '78.

Preferably, sliding bar 92 in its rest position rests against feed roll $8, to positively prevent accidental backfeed of the correction strip even if it should be subjected to contact with ribbon 64, in the vibrator, while the ribbon 64 is traveling in the left-wise direction. The friction of guide (i2 and of the mount for spool 3i) similarly prevents unintended forward-feed of strip '78, and holds it taut between periods of use.

The present invention also incorporates means by which the ribbon field selecting control 12, and the selective feeding of strip 78, are controlled by the choice of the particular backspace key which is employed at each phase of a correction operation. Thus, the detented slide bar 5-6 of the field control is connected as by a cable or cord 112 passing over guide rollers such as 114 and lie to the auxiliary backspace keylever 38. When III the auxiliary backspace key 36 is depressed, therefore, the ribbon field control will be shifted to its red or erasing position, and will remain in that position for successive depressions of backspace key 36. When the incorrect characters have been overprinted with the white correction material from strip 78, the normal backspace key 16 will be operated one or more times in preparation for printing the correct character or characters, and the first such depression of key 16 will raise the rear end of keylever 32, also rotating the vertical bell crank lever 118 and causing its depending end to engage and move the horizontal bell crank 58 clockwise as viewed from above, restoring the slide bar 56 and control 18 to the black or printing position. The selective control of the feeding action of the correction material is simultaneously effected in the manner already described.

While the invention has been described herein in connection with a preferred embodiment, it is intended to include within the invention all variations of these details which fall within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An error correcting typewriter comprising characterprinting mechanism including printing control keys; a paper support mechanism; spacing means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to'one another in a forward direction in response to operation of said keys to accomplish printing of a line of characters; ribbon vibrator means actuated by the printing control keys to bring a ribbon field momentarily into operative position upon actuation of each of said printing control keys; a printing ribbon and a print-obliterating ribbon carried by said vibrator means for selective presentation in impressing position; ribbon field-selecting means for controlling the motion of the vibrator means to select the particular ribbon that is thus brought into impressing position; backspace drive means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in the backward direction in letterwidth increments; a pair of backspace keys both connected to operate said backspace drive means; connections between said backspace keys and said field-selecting means; operable to shift the field-selecting means between positions respectively corresponding to that backspace key which was last operated; means for feeding said printing ribbon through said vibrator mechanism upon each operation of said printing control keys; means for feeding said print-obliterating ribbon through said vibrator mechanism upon each operation of said printing control keys; and

means controlled by said ribbon field-selecting means for selectively disabling the feeding means for one of said ribbons.

2. An error correcting typewriter comprising characterprinting mechanism including printing control keys; a paper support mechanism; spacing means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in a forward direction in response to operation of said keys to accomplish printing of a line of characters; ribbon guide means adjustable to bring a selected ribbon field into impression position; a printing ribbon and a printobliterating ribbon carried by said guide means for selective presentation in impressing position; backspace drive means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in the backward direction in letter-width increments; a pair of backspace keys both connected to operate said backspace drive means; connections between said backspace keys and said ribbon guide means and operable to adjust the latter to bring into impression position a selected one of said ribbons in accordance with which of said backspace keys was last operated; means for feeding said printing ribbon through said guide means upon each operation of said printing control keys; means for feeding said print-obliterating ribbon through said guide means upon each operation of said printing control keys; and means controlled by one of said backspace keys for selectively disabling the feeding means for one of said ribbons.

3. An error correcting typewriter comprising characterprinting mechanism including printing control keys; a paper support mechanism; spacing means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in a forward direction in response to operation of said keys to accomplish printing of a line of characters; ribbon guide means adjustable to bring a selected ribbon field into impression position; a printing ribbon and a print-obliterating ribbon carried by said guide means for selective presentation in impressing position; backspace drive means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in the backward direction in letter-width increments; a pair of backspace keys both connected to operate said backspace drive means; and connections between said backspace keys and said ribbon guide means and operable to adjust the latter to bring into impression position a selected one of said ribbons in accordance with which of said backspace keys was last operated.

4. An error correcting typewriter comprising characterprinting mechanism including printing control keys; a paper support mechanism; spacing means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in a forward direction in response to operation of said keys to accomplish printing of a line of characters; ribbon guide means adjustable to bring a selected ribbon field into impression position; a wide printing ribbon and a narrow print-obliterating ribbon carried by said guide means with said narrow ribbon overlapping a portion of said wide ribbon between the latter and said paper support mechanism, for selective presentation in impressing position; backspace drive means for stepwise moving said mechanisms relative to one another in the backward direction in letter-width increments; a pair of backspace keys both connected to operate said backspace drive means; and connections between said backspace keys and said ribbon guide means and operable to adjust the latter to bring into impression position a selected one of said ribbons in accordance with which of said backspace keys was last operated.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 656,658 Phelps Aug. 28, 1900 2,694,481- Sharp Nov. 16, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 528,589 Great Britain Nov. 1, 1940

Claims (1)

1. AN ERROR CORRECTING TYPEWRITER COMPRISING CHARACTERPRINTING MECHANISM INCLUDING PRINTING CONTROL KEYS; A PAPER SUPPORT MECHANISM; SPACING MEANS FOR STEPWISE MOVING SAID MECHANISMS RELATIVE TO ONE ANOTHER IN A FORWARD DIRECTION IN RESPONSE TO OPERATION OF SAID KEYS TO ACCOMPLISH PRINTING OF A LINE OF CHARACTERS; RIBBON VIBRATOR MEANS ACTUATED BY THE PRINTING CONTROL KEYS TO BRING A RIBBON FIELD MOMENTARILY INTO OPERATIVE POSITION UPON ACTUATION OF EACH OF SAID PRINTING CONTROL KEYS; A PRINTING RIBBON AND A PRINT-OBLITERATING RIBBON CARRIED BY SAID VIBRATOR MEANS FOR SELECTIVE PRESENTATION IN IMPRESSING POSITION; RIBBON FIELD-SELECTING MEANS FOR CONTROLLING THE MOTION OF THE VIBRATOR MEANS TO SELECT THE PARTICULAR RIBBON THAT IS THUS BROUGHT INTO IMPRESSING POSITION; BACKSPACE DRIVE MEANS FOR STEPWISE MOVING SAID MECHANISMS RELATIVE TO ONE ANOTHER IN THE BACKWARD DIRECTION IN LETTERWIDTH INCREMENTS; A PAIR OF BACKSPACE KEYS BOTH CONNECTED TO OPERATE SAID BACKSPACE DRIVE MEANS; CONNECTIONS BETWEEN SAID BACKSPACE KEYS AND SAID FIELD-SELECTING MEANS; OPERABLE TO SHIFT THE FIELD-SELECTING MEANS BETWEEN POSITIONS RESPECTIVELY CORRESPONDING TO THAT BACKSPACE KEY WHICH WAS LAST OPERATED; MEANS FOR FEEDING SAID PRINTING RIBBON THROUGH SAID VIBRATOR MECHANISM UPON EACH OPERATION OF SAID PRINTING CONTROL KEYS; MEANS FOR FEEDING SAID PRINT-OBLITERATING RIBBON THROUGH SAID VIBRATOR MECHANISM UPON EACH OPERATION OF SAID PRINTING CONTROL KEYS; AND MEANS CONTROLLED BY SAID RIBBON FIELD-SELECTING MEANS FOR SELECTIVELY DISABLING THE FEEDING MEANS FOR ONE OF SAID RIBBONS.
US302390A 1963-08-15 1963-08-15 Error-correcting typewriter Expired - Lifetime US3149711A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US302390A US3149711A (en) 1963-08-15 1963-08-15 Error-correcting typewriter
FR988812A FR1408550A (en) 1963-08-15 1964-09-21 Typewriter to correct errors

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US302390A US3149711A (en) 1963-08-15 1963-08-15 Error-correcting typewriter
CH1223564A CH434309A (en) 1963-08-15 1964-09-21 Writer office machine with a device for improvement of spelling mistakes
DE19641436757 DE1436757C3 (en) 1963-08-15 1964-09-21
FR988812A FR1408550A (en) 1963-08-15 1964-09-21 Typewriter to correct errors
GB3837364A GB1071959A (en) 1963-08-15 1964-09-21 Improvements in or relating to typewriters and like machines

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2164763A1 (en) * 1970-12-30 1972-07-13 Ibm
US3729081A (en) * 1970-12-11 1973-04-24 Sears Roebuck & Co Typewriter carriage and ribbon field control for error correction
US3780846A (en) * 1972-08-03 1973-12-25 Ibm Automatic erasing typewriter system
US3882990A (en) * 1972-05-25 1975-05-13 Messa Maquinas De Escrever S A Error correction system for typewriters or printing devices
US3905465A (en) * 1974-02-22 1975-09-16 Litton Business Systems Inc Error correcting typewriter
US3927748A (en) * 1974-05-16 1975-12-23 William H Wolowitz Attachment for converting a standard typewriter to a self-correcting typewriter
US3927749A (en) * 1974-08-12 1975-12-23 William H Wolowitz Apparatus for supplementing the operation of the ribbon selecting and backspacing means of a typewriter
US3997047A (en) * 1974-12-27 1976-12-14 Wolowitz William H Attachment for converting a standard typewriter into a correcting typewriter
US4492485A (en) * 1980-09-02 1985-01-08 Sears, Roebuck And Co. Error correcting typewriter for simplified word obliteration
US4529327A (en) * 1980-09-04 1985-07-16 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Typewriter correction device for correcting in the forward or reverse directions
US6695028B1 (en) 1997-05-16 2004-02-24 Ferag Ag Method and apparatus for providing text on printed products

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US656658A (en) * 1899-12-23 1900-08-28 James Harper Phelps Type-writer.
GB528589A (en) * 1939-05-09 1940-11-01 Demetri Saba Papa Kyriacou Improvements in or relating to typewriters and typewriter ribbons
US2694481A (en) * 1951-11-27 1954-11-16 Remington Rand Inc Method and means for selectively changing the effective printing surface of type

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US656658A (en) * 1899-12-23 1900-08-28 James Harper Phelps Type-writer.
GB528589A (en) * 1939-05-09 1940-11-01 Demetri Saba Papa Kyriacou Improvements in or relating to typewriters and typewriter ribbons
US2694481A (en) * 1951-11-27 1954-11-16 Remington Rand Inc Method and means for selectively changing the effective printing surface of type

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3729081A (en) * 1970-12-11 1973-04-24 Sears Roebuck & Co Typewriter carriage and ribbon field control for error correction
DE2164763A1 (en) * 1970-12-30 1972-07-13 Ibm
US3799316A (en) * 1970-12-30 1974-03-26 Ibm Automatic erase mechanism
US3882990A (en) * 1972-05-25 1975-05-13 Messa Maquinas De Escrever S A Error correction system for typewriters or printing devices
US3780846A (en) * 1972-08-03 1973-12-25 Ibm Automatic erasing typewriter system
US3905465A (en) * 1974-02-22 1975-09-16 Litton Business Systems Inc Error correcting typewriter
US3927748A (en) * 1974-05-16 1975-12-23 William H Wolowitz Attachment for converting a standard typewriter to a self-correcting typewriter
US3927749A (en) * 1974-08-12 1975-12-23 William H Wolowitz Apparatus for supplementing the operation of the ribbon selecting and backspacing means of a typewriter
US3997047A (en) * 1974-12-27 1976-12-14 Wolowitz William H Attachment for converting a standard typewriter into a correcting typewriter
US4492485A (en) * 1980-09-02 1985-01-08 Sears, Roebuck And Co. Error correcting typewriter for simplified word obliteration
US4529327A (en) * 1980-09-04 1985-07-16 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Typewriter correction device for correcting in the forward or reverse directions
US6695028B1 (en) 1997-05-16 2004-02-24 Ferag Ag Method and apparatus for providing text on printed products

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