US3149692A - Reverberation loudspeaker - Google Patents

Reverberation loudspeaker Download PDF

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Publication number
US3149692A
US3149692A US19905362A US3149692A US 3149692 A US3149692 A US 3149692A US 19905362 A US19905362 A US 19905362A US 3149692 A US3149692 A US 3149692A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
loudspeaker
diaphragm
spring
opening
wall
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Rehde Weber
Original Assignee
Rehde Weber
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/20Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics
    • H04R1/22Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics for obtaining desired frequency characteristic only
    • H04R1/28Transducer mountings or enclosures modified by provision of mechanical or acoustic impedances, e.g. resonator, damping means
    • H04R1/2807Enclosures comprising vibrating or resonating arrangements
    • H04R1/2811Enclosures comprising vibrating or resonating arrangements for loudspeaker transducers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10KSOUND-PRODUCING DEVICES; METHODS OR DEVICES FOR PROTECTING AGAINST, OR FOR DAMPING, NOISE OR OTHER ACOUSTIC WAVES IN GENERAL; ACOUSTICS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10K15/00Acoustics not otherwise provided for
    • G10K15/08Arrangements for producing a reverberation or echo sound
    • G10K15/10Arrangements for producing a reverberation or echo sound using time-delay networks comprising electromechanical or electro-acoustic devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/20Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics
    • H04R1/22Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics for obtaining desired frequency characteristic only
    • H04R1/28Transducer mountings or enclosures modified by provision of mechanical or acoustic impedances, e.g. resonator, damping means
    • H04R1/2807Enclosures comprising vibrating or resonating arrangements
    • H04R1/283Enclosures comprising vibrating or resonating arrangements using a passive diaphragm
    • H04R1/2834Enclosures comprising vibrating or resonating arrangements using a passive diaphragm for loudspeaker transducers

Description

Sept- 1964 w. REHDE REVERBERATION LOUDSPEAKER Filed May 31, 1962 United States Patent 3,149,692 REVERBERATION LOUDSPEAKER Weber Rehde, Bavans, Doubs, France Filed May 31, 1962, Ser. No. 199,053 Claims priority, application France, June 2, 1961, 863,727, Patent 1,291,272 4 Claims. (Cl. 181-27) One of the objects of the invention is to provide a method enabling the vibrations of the diaphragm of a loudspeaker to be maintained, and thus obtain the required re-echoing or echoing effect.

Another object of the invention is to produce a reechoing loudspeaker in which the vibrations of the loudspeaker are maintained without appreciably increasing the inertia of this diaphragm.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be revealed by the following description and the attached drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 shows a diagrammatical section of a reechoing loudspeaker according to the invention,

FIGURE 2 is a right-hand view of FIGURE 1.

The re-echoing loudspeaker shown in FIGURE 1 consists of a wooden box 1 or one made of similar material, of which one of the faces 1 comprises an aperture around which a diaphragm 2 of the loudspeaker is fixed. The face 1 also has an aperture 1 intended to permit the air contained in the box 1 to circulate freely when the diaphragm is maintained in vibration. This arrangement thus enables a cause of damping the vibrations of the loudspeaker to be avoided. In front of the wall of the box 1 and at a certain distance from this wall a canvas 3 is stretched across the box of the loudspeaker.

The device enabling the re-echoing of sounds to be produced consists of three springs 4, 5, 6 which are each attached by their ends 4 4 5 5 and 6 -6 to supports (not shown) fixed on the wall 1 of the box 1.

These three springs 4, 5, 6 are connected to each other at their middle part by a metal rod 7. These three springs 4, 5, 6 are also connected to the diaphragm 2 of the loudspeaker by a metal rod 8, which is attached at one of its ends to the rod 7 and thus to the three springs.

The other end of the rod 8 is bent into ring shape 8 and fixed to the diaphragm 2 of the loudspeaker by glueing or other means. This ring 8 forms the resonance ring which transmits the vibrations of the diaphragm to the springs, these vibrations of the diaphragm being thus maintained by the vibrations of the springs.

The characteristics of these springs (section of the Wire, number of turns per centimeter, kind of metal and Patented Sept. .22, 1964 the like) as Well as the tension of these springs'should be selected according to the effect required.

This device thus enables a re-echoing loudspeaker of great strength to be obtained in a simple manner.

Obviously, the invention is not restricted to the abovementioned examples of embodiments, for which other alternatives could be provided without going outside of the scope of the invention for that purpose.

What I claim is:

l. A reverberation loudspeaker comprising a box provided in one wail with an opening, a loudspeaker diaphragm inside the box connected at its edge to said wall around said opening, a substantially straight coil spring outside said Wall extending across said opening, means supporting the opposite ends of the spring, and means connecting the middle part of the spring to said dia phragm for transmitting vibrations of the diaphragm to the spring.

2. A reverberation loudspeaker comprising a box provided in one wall with an opening, a loudspeaker diaphragm inside the box connected at its edge to said Wall around said opening, substantially straight and parallel coil springs outside said Wall extending across said opening, means supporting the opposite ends of each spring, means rigidly connecting the middle parts of the springs, a rod rigidly connecting said diaphragm with said middle parts of the springs.

3. A reverberation loudspeaker comprising a box provided in one Wall with an opening, a loudspeaker diaphragm inside the box connected at its edge to said wall around said opening, substantially straight and parallel coil springs outside said wall extending across said opening, means supporting the opposite ends of each spring, a rod rigidly connecting the middle parts of the springs, a resonance ring secured to the diaphragm concentrically therewith, and a rod rigidly connecting said ring with said first-mentioned rod.

4. A reverberation loudspeaker comprising a support, a loudspeaker diaphragm connected to said support, and at least one straight spring extending across the diaphragm, the spring being connected by both ends to the support and by its middle point to said diaphragm, whereby vibrations of the loudspeaker diaphragm will be transmitted mechanically to the spring and maintained thereby.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,768,235 Knoblaugh Oct. 23, 1956 2,853,145 Martin Sept. 23, 1958

Claims (1)

1. A REVERBERATION LOUDSPEAKER COMPRISING A BOX PROVIDED IN ONE WALL WITH AN OPENING, A LOUDSPEAKER DIAPHRAGM INSIDE THE BOX CONNECTED AT ITS EDGE TO SAID WALL AROUND SAID OPENING, A SUBSTANTIALLY STRAIGHT COIL SPRING OUTSIDE SAID WALL EXTENDING ACROSS SAID OPENING, MEANS SUPPORTING THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF THE SPRING, AND MEANS CONNECTING THE MIDDLE PART OF THE SPRING TO SAID DIAPHRAGM FOR TRANSMITTING VIBRATIONS OF THE FIAPHRAGM TO THE SPRING.
US3149692A 1961-06-02 1962-05-31 Reverberation loudspeaker Expired - Lifetime US3149692A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR863727A FR1291272A (en) 1961-06-02 1961-06-02 A process for the reverberation sounds in a speaker and speaker forthe implementation of this process or similar process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3149692A true US3149692A (en) 1964-09-22

Family

ID=8756442

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3149692A Expired - Lifetime US3149692A (en) 1961-06-02 1962-05-31 Reverberation loudspeaker

Country Status (5)

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US (1) US3149692A (en)
BE (1) BE617502A (en)
DE (1) DE1192702B (en)
FR (1) FR1291272A (en)
GB (1) GB980067A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3347337A (en) * 1966-05-16 1967-10-17 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Reverberation loudspeaker
US3424850A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-01-28 Conn Ltd C G Acoustic system
CN102693790A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-26 日本碍子株式会社 Interlayer migration prevention device for oil impregnated paper capacitor core and oil impregnated paper capacitor type sleeve

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1257852B (en) * 1965-02-11 1968-01-04 Dr Heinrich Kuttruff A device for quality improvement in the electro-acoustic generation of artificial reverberation

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2768235A (en) * 1950-07-14 1956-10-23 Baldwin Piano Co Reverberation devices
US2853145A (en) * 1953-09-09 1958-09-23 Baldwin Piano Co Reverberation loud-speaker assembly

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2768235A (en) * 1950-07-14 1956-10-23 Baldwin Piano Co Reverberation devices
US2853145A (en) * 1953-09-09 1958-09-23 Baldwin Piano Co Reverberation loud-speaker assembly

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3424850A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-01-28 Conn Ltd C G Acoustic system
US3347337A (en) * 1966-05-16 1967-10-17 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Reverberation loudspeaker
CN102693790A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-26 日本碍子株式会社 Interlayer migration prevention device for oil impregnated paper capacitor core and oil impregnated paper capacitor type sleeve

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
BE617502A1 (en) grant
BE617502A (en) 1962-08-31 grant
GB980067A (en) 1965-01-13 application
DE1192702B (en) 1965-05-13 application
FR1291272A (en) 1962-04-20 grant

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