US314580A - Wheel-guard for railway-cars - Google Patents

Wheel-guard for railway-cars Download PDF

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US314580A
US314580A US314580DA US314580A US 314580 A US314580 A US 314580A US 314580D A US314580D A US 314580DA US 314580 A US314580 A US 314580A
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fender
guard
cars
railway
car
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians

Definitions

  • My invention relates to safety attachments for the ends and sides of railway vehicles such as are commonly known by the titles of wheel-guards and fenders.
  • a device or attachment of such character, both for the ends and the sides of a car, was patented to me on the 15th day of May, 1883, by Letters Patent No. 277,490; and my present invention covers certain improvements thereon, which are designed to make the attachments more simple in construction and more effective in their operation, particularly when applied to the cars and other vehicles of streetrailways.
  • Figure 1 shows the two attachments applied to a street-ear of a pattern now used on endless-cable railways.
  • Fig. 2 is an end view taken from the rear of the car, and showing more particularly the position of the side guards with respect to the wheels and the surface of the roadway beneath.
  • Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6 show the construction of the fender for the front of the vehicle, Fig. 3 being an end View in cross-section through the fender as it is in position upon the roadway, Fig. 4 a perspective View of the fender, Fig. 5 a longitudinal section on a larger scalethan the other views, and Fig. 6 a top View of the device.
  • a A represent a frame of bars, secured to the running-gear beneath the car-body, so as to be disconnected at all points from the body. It affords points of attachment at the front for the fender, and the guards are suspended from it at the sides.
  • B is the fender, that is supported from the front of this frame. It consists of a fiat projecting platform, I), of suitable width to extend across the track and over the rails, and
  • a rim or yielding edge that forms a cushion or elastic fender-rail, F.
  • This part while of the same general form to follow the outline of the front and sides of the platform, is provided with a slanting face, f, which is formed, preferably, of astrip of thick rubber, the body or frame of the part F being ofwood or metal.
  • This rubber covers the surface at the front and along the sides, and is secured at points g by fastenings that permit the rubber to be detached and renewed as circumstances require.
  • This bar or fender F is attached to the platform at several points by means of rods h, fixed at one end to the inner face of the frame or body F, and passing through earsI on the under'sideof the platform.
  • Coil-springs J are placed around these rods, or around as many of them as may be necessary to produce required resistance against the backward movement of this fendof a shape that gives rounding or tapering of a single narrow board or plank, K, sus-,
  • the loose connections that hold the side guards are imp,ortant,as preventing the guards themselves from being broken or damaged in running against obstructions in the roadway.
  • a fender attachment for cars consisting of the frame A and front plate, I), and the continuous piece of rubber or analogous yielding material F, surrounding the exposed edge of and to adegreenot dangerous to life by virtue
  • This loose connection per- A adapted to be fixed to the running-geanof the plate b, and set at an inclination thereon, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Refuge Islands, Traffic Blockers, Or Guard Fence (AREA)

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. J AOOBS.
WHEEL GUARD FOR RAILWAY CARS.
No. 314,580. Patented Mar. 31, 1885. v
WWWWW wmmumnur I min asses M (No Model.) 2-Sheets-Sheet 2.
J. J ACOBS.-
WHEEL GUARD FOR RAILWAYGARS.
No. 314,580. Patented Mar. 31, 1885.
[Hz/672207." z y minesses.
in mm MW 'ili iiimi Smarts JOSEPH JAcons, OF SAN mete rrrcn.
FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
WH EEL-GUARD FOR RA! LWAY-CARS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 314,580, dated .March 31, 1885 I Application tiled February 16, 1884. (X0 model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH JACOBS, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of San Francisco, in the State of California, have made and invented certain new and useful Improvements in \Vlieel- Guards for Railway-Oars; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, that form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to safety attachments for the ends and sides of railway vehicles such as are commonly known by the titles of wheel-guards and fenders. A device or attachment of such character, both for the ends and the sides of a car, was patented to me on the 15th day of May, 1883, by Letters Patent No. 277,490; and my present invention covers certain improvements thereon, which are designed to make the attachments more simple in construction and more effective in their operation, particularly when applied to the cars and other vehicles of streetrailways.
The manner in which I proceed to produce and apply my said improvements is as follows, the drawings being referred to by figures and letters.
Figure 1 shows the two attachments applied to a street-ear of a pattern now used on endless-cable railways. Fig. 2 is an end view taken from the rear of the car, and showing more particularly the position of the side guards with respect to the wheels and the surface of the roadway beneath. Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6 show the construction of the fender for the front of the vehicle, Fig. 3 being an end View in cross-section through the fender as it is in position upon the roadway, Fig. 4 a perspective View of the fender, Fig. 5 a longitudinal section on a larger scalethan the other views, and Fig. 6 a top View of the device.
A A represent a frame of bars, secured to the running-gear beneath the car-body, so as to be disconnected at all points from the body. It affords points of attachment at the front for the fender, and the guards are suspended from it at the sides.
In the construction given in Figs. 1 and 2 1 I have secured the bars directly to the tops of the axle-boxes at points y 3 so that the vertical play of the car-body shall not affect the position of the frame, and its height above thesurfaee of the roadway shall remain unchanged under varying loads.
B is the fender, that is supported from the front of this frame. It consists of a fiat projecting platform, I), of suitable width to extend across the track and over the rails, and
sides I) b, approaching together at the front, and terminating in around nose or blunt end, If. The back portion, b is carried up to form an inclined surface at and across the rear end, so that the surface of the fender-body is partly a fiat and practically horizontal platform and partly an upwardly-inclining surface. From the outer end of the platform an inclined brace, d, is carried backward to alug, d, on the support A, the purpose of which is to prevent the outer end from being raised or turned npin striking against obstructions upon the track. A broad traction-roller, E, is let into the bottom of the platform near the front, with sufficient projection to keep the under surface clear of the track, but yet permit it to run close to the surface of the roadway. Around the outer edge of this platform, and supported at sufficient distance from it to permit a certain amount of movement, is a rim or yielding edge that forms a cushion or elastic fender-rail, F. This part, while of the same general form to follow the outline of the front and sides of the platform, is provided with a slanting face, f, which is formed, preferably, of astrip of thick rubber, the body or frame of the part F being ofwood or metal. This rubber covers the surface at the front and along the sides, and is secured at points g by fastenings that permit the rubber to be detached and renewed as circumstances require. This bar or fender F is attached to the platform at several points by means of rods h, fixed at one end to the inner face of the frame or body F, and passing through earsI on the under'sideof the platform. Coil-springs J are placed around these rods, or around as many of them as may be necessary to produce required resistance against the backward movement of this fendof a shape that gives rounding or tapering of a single narrow board or plank, K, sus-,
pended loosely from points along the bar A, so as to clear the outer faces of the brackets and axle-boxes, and at the bottom edge to run close to the surface of the roadway.
Long links or chains on are attached to ears 70 on the bar and to the guard K, secured by eyes or staples n. inits the edge of the board to ride over small obstructions that may lie directly in its way. N o'lateral movement by contact with bodies along its outer surface is possible, however, by reason of fixed stops 1) 19, that depend from the lower part of the brackets, and present points of resistanceto such inward movement. The front ends of the boards K are brought up close to the back ends of the fender B, so as to practically cover and entirely protect the space under the car infront of the wheels. Now, as thus constructed and applied, the two parts constitute a complete protection at the front and along the sides. The force of a blo'w'received from the front fender will be greatly diminished by the yielding quality or character of the front edge, and the injury otherwise resulting to a person being struck by a fender of the kind will be materially reduced,
of such elastic edge.
The loose connections that hold the side guards are imp,ortant,as preventing the guards themselves from being broken or damaged in running against obstructions in the roadway.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is'- 1. A fender attachment for cars, consisting of the frame A and front plate, I), and the continuous piece of rubber or analogous yielding material F, surrounding the exposed edge of and to adegreenot dangerous to life by virtue This loose connection per- A, adapted to be fixed to the running-geanof the plate b, and set at an inclination thereon, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination, with the horizontal front plate, I), and inclined rubber rim F, of the supporting arms or rods h, extended back from the rubber rim at right angles to the axles of the car, and supported loosely in the hangers or brackets I, and the coiled springs J, surrounding the rods h, and bearing at one end against the partFand at the other against the part I, substantially as and for the pur- I pose set forth.
3. In a fender for cars, the combination of the horizontal plank or part I), having its exposed edges surrounded by the yielding rim F, and the inclined portion b extending from a point on the part b to the front of the car, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination ofthesupporting-frame A A, adapted to be-fixed to the running-gear of a car, or so as to be disconnected from the car-body, the fender having the projecting platform portion b and the brace 01, substantially as hereinbefore described.
5. The combination of thesupporting-bar 0 a car, or so as to be disconnected from the body thereof, and the guard K,,.attached to it by loose connections m, substantially as hereinbefore described. V
6. The combination of the fraineB and traction-roller E, located in the centrahlongitudinal line of the frame, and adapted to ride over the slot of a cable road, as set forth.
7. The combination of the horizontally-extended brackets or hangers 7c, the loose link m, and the guard-plank K withwthe stop 19,
having a curved end secured upon the lower 1 part of the axle-box and curved outward, as shown, and for thepurpose set forth.
.1. JOSEPH JACOBS. [L. s.] WVitnesses: I
.EDWARD ILOSBORN,
J NO. L. TAGGARD.
US314580D Wheel-guard for railway-cars Expired - Lifetime US314580A (en)

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