US3140754A - Gas mask speech transmission - Google Patents

Gas mask speech transmission Download PDF

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Publication number
US3140754A
US3140754A US10232859A US3140754A US 3140754 A US3140754 A US 3140754A US 10232859 A US10232859 A US 10232859A US 3140754 A US3140754 A US 3140754A
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diaphragm
plate
perforated
base
housing
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Armard V Motsinger
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Armard V Motsinger
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/08Component parts for gas-masks or gas-helmets, e.g. windows, straps, speech transmitters, signal-devices

Description

July 14, 1964 v. MOTSINGER 3,140,754

GAS MASK SPEECH TRANSMISSION Original Filed Feb. 12, 1954 INVENTOR. Armard ll. Mofsinger ATTORNEY United States The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royality thereon.

This is a division of application Serial Number 410,- 056, filed February 12, 1954, now U.S. Patent Number 2,974,665, entitled Gas Mask Speech Transmission.

This invention relates to a voice transmitting means for gas masks.

In my Patent No. 2,410,454, November 5, 1946, I have shown a voice-transmitting gas mask which includes a vibratable diaphragm of thin sheet material, such as cellulose film, and a resonating chamber between the diaphragm and the mouth of wearer.

An object of this invention is to improve the basic structure shown in my patent.

A further object of my invention is to provide a voicetransmitting means for a gas mask in which the diaphragm is protected against punctures or other injury.

A further object of my invention is to provide an improved resonator structure.

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of my voice-transmitting means. FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal section, on an enlarged scale taken on line 13-13, FIGURE 1. FIGURE 3 is a section on line 1414 of FIGURE 2. FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of an adjusting slide of the device shown in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 5 is a longitudinal section of a modification, similar to that of FIGURES 1-4, but without the adjustment means.

In the mask shown in my Patent No. 2,410,454, a resonating chamber was provided inside the face-piece, between the diaphragm and the mouth of the wearer. In all the modifications of the present invention, a resonating chamber is provided on the exterior side of the diaphragm and is constructed in such a manner that there is no direct opening from the outside to the diaphragm. The diaphragm is thus protected against punctures.

The invention is shown in FIGURES 1 to 4. In this embodiment, diaphragm 81 and fixed plates 83 and 85, which are peripherally perforated at 86 are crimped in a metal ring 87 which is set in a housing 89 of molded plastic. The housing is formed by a cylindrical wall 91 and a base 93. Eccentrically mounted in the base is a voice tube 94. In the outer end of the housing is mounted a movable plate 95 centrally perforated at 96. A pair of spring slides 97 of substantially U-shaped form are secured to the movable plate 95. One leg of the U is fastened to the plate while the other leg is slidably mountatent ed in slots 99. The slides are so dimensioned as to exert pressure on the slot walls, thus holding the movable plate in a set position but permitting adjustment when desired. As shown in FIGURE 4, a scale is provided on each of these slides to permit setting the wall to a desired position.

In FIGURE 5, I have shown the simplest form of my transmitter, which retains the advantages of multiple resonating chambers and a protected diaphragm but which does not have the adjustment provided by the other form. This modification comprises a housing 101 having a cylindrical wall 103 and a base 105. Voice tube 107 is shown as eccentrically mounted in the base. However, when the utmost compactness is desired, this voice tube may be replaced by perforations in the housing base. Mounted within the housing is a diaphragm 109 and fixed plates 111, 113, and 115. The housing 101, voice tube 107, and plates 113 and 115 are preferably formed of plastic or hardboard and the diaphragm is formed of several, for instance four, sheets of thin material. While cellulose acetate or the other materials mentioned in my patent may be used, I have found that superior results are secured by the use of thin sheets of polyvinylidine chloride such as is sold under the name of Saran. Plate 115 A preferably formed of metal such as aluminum and is crimped around the edges of the members as shown at 117 to hold the assembly together. Plates 111 and 113 are peripherally perforated at 119 while plate 115 is centrally perforated at 121.

While I have described specific embodiments in detail, the invention is obviously susceptible to variations. I do not, therefore, desire to be limited except by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A voice-transmitting device for gas masks comprising a cup-shaped housing having a cylindrical wall and a base, at least one aperture for the entrance of sound waves eccentrically positioned in said base, a diaphragm of thin sheet material extending across said housing joined at its periphery to said cylindrical wall, and spaced from and parallel to said base, a perforated plate between and parallel to said base and diaphragm, a second perforated plate on the other side of, spaced from, and substantially parallel to said diaphragm, a third perforated plate between and parallel to said second plate and said diaphragm, said first and third plates being perforated only in their peripheral areas and said second plate being perforated only in its central area.

2. A device according to claim 1 wherein a single eccentric aperture is provided in said base and wherein a tube extends from said aperture.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,466,127 Smith Apr. 5, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 572,888 Great Britain Oct. 29, 1945

Claims (1)

1. A VOICE-TRANSMITTING DEVICE FOR GAS MASKS COMPRISING A CUP-SHAPED HOUSING HAVING A CYLINDRICAL WALL AND A BASE, AT LEAST ONE APERTURE FOR THE ENTRANCE OF SOUND WAVES ECCENTRICALLY POSITIONED IN SAID BASE, A DIAPHRAGM OF THIN SHEET MATERIAL EXTENDING ACROSS SAID HOUSING JOINED AT ITS PERIPHERY TO SAID CYLINDRICAL WALL, AND SPACED FROM AND PARALLEL TO SAID BASE, A PERFORATED PLATE BETWEEN AND PARALLEL TO SAID BASE AND DIAPHRAGM, A SECOND PERFORATED PLATE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF, SPACED FROM, AND SUBSTANTIALLY PARALLEL TO SAID DIAPHRAGM, A THIRD PERFORATED PLATE BETWEEN AND PARALLEL TO SAID SECOND PLATE AND SAID DIAPHRAGM, SAID FIRST AND THIRD PLATES BEING PERFORATED ONLY IN THEIR PERIPHERAL AREAS AND SAID SECOND PLATE BEING PERFORATED ONLY IN ITS CENTRAL AREA.
US3140754A 1954-02-12 1959-12-03 Gas mask speech transmission Expired - Lifetime US3140754A (en)

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US2974665A US2974665A (en) 1954-02-12 1954-02-12 Gas mask speech transmission
US3140754A US3140754A (en) 1954-02-12 1959-12-03 Gas mask speech transmission

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3259204A (en) * 1964-09-21 1966-07-05 James A Gerwick Sound reflecting device
US4326599A (en) * 1981-06-01 1982-04-27 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Speaker bezel/retainer
US4756308A (en) * 1984-10-25 1988-07-12 Akg Akustische U.Kino-Gerate Gesellschaft M.B.H. Protective breathing mask having a speaking diaphragm for close communication and an electroacoustic transducer system for indirect speech transmission from inside the mask
US5877460A (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-02 Stachowski; Ritchie C. Device for talking underwater
US6305370B1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2001-10-23 DRäGER SICHERHEITSTECHNIK GMBH Voice transmitter for a breathing protective mask
US20160001109A1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2016-01-07 Koken Ltd. Voice transmitter
US20180000173A1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-01-04 Garry Tsaur Mask With a Sound-transmitting Structure

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB572888A (en) * 1942-03-18 1945-10-29 Guy R Fountain Ltd Improvements in or relating to respirators
US2466127A (en) * 1945-06-28 1949-04-05 Donald P Smith Outlet valve-diaphragm assembly

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB572888A (en) * 1942-03-18 1945-10-29 Guy R Fountain Ltd Improvements in or relating to respirators
US2466127A (en) * 1945-06-28 1949-04-05 Donald P Smith Outlet valve-diaphragm assembly

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3259204A (en) * 1964-09-21 1966-07-05 James A Gerwick Sound reflecting device
US4326599A (en) * 1981-06-01 1982-04-27 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Speaker bezel/retainer
US4756308A (en) * 1984-10-25 1988-07-12 Akg Akustische U.Kino-Gerate Gesellschaft M.B.H. Protective breathing mask having a speaking diaphragm for close communication and an electroacoustic transducer system for indirect speech transmission from inside the mask
US5877460A (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-02 Stachowski; Ritchie C. Device for talking underwater
US6305370B1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2001-10-23 DRäGER SICHERHEITSTECHNIK GMBH Voice transmitter for a breathing protective mask
US20160001109A1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2016-01-07 Koken Ltd. Voice transmitter
US9592410B2 (en) * 2013-02-15 2017-03-14 Koken Ltd. Voice transmitter
US20180000173A1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-01-04 Garry Tsaur Mask With a Sound-transmitting Structure

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