US3135572A - Electric terminal mounting - Google Patents

Electric terminal mounting Download PDF

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Publication number
US3135572A
US3135572A US13370861A US3135572A US 3135572 A US3135572 A US 3135572A US 13370861 A US13370861 A US 13370861A US 3135572 A US3135572 A US 3135572A
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Prior art keywords
block
spring
channel
ends
terminal
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Expired - Lifetime
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Herbert C Curtis
Sande Andrew
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CURTIS DEV AND Mfg CO
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CURTIS DEV AND Mfg CO
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R9/00Connectors and connecting arrangements providing a plurality of mutually insulated connections; Terminals or binding posts mounted upon a base or in a case; Terminal strips; Terminal blocks
    • H01R9/22Bases, e.g. strip, block, panel
    • H01R9/24Terminal blocks
    • H01R9/26Clip-on terminal blocks for side-by-side rail- or strip-mounting

Description

J1me 1964 H. c. CURTIS ETAL ELECTRIC TERMINAL MOUNTING INVENTORJ Heeaser C. C we :75

filvoesvv 5/90/05 A T'TOEN Filed Aug. 24, 1961 United States Patent 3,135,572 ELECTRIC TERMINAL MOUNTING Herbert C. Curtis and Andrew Sande, both of Milwaukee, Wis, assignors to Curtis Development 8: Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wis, a corporation of Wisconsin Filed Aug. 24, 1%1, Ser. No. 133,7fl8 3 Claims. (Cl. 339-198) This invention relates to improvements in built-up electrical terminal structures, including terminal block units of sizes receiving different numbers of terminal post sets.

Generally the present electric terminal structure comprises a channel to be mounted on a switch board panel or the like as a base and into which a spring member locks while retaining a block of insulating material which provides a number of sets of electrical terminals to form a block unit. The terminals themselves are either the known screw or tube type dependent on current rating for the terminal. A number of block units are mounted in one channel depending on the number of sets of terminals required. Where the number of sets of terminals may vary, a channel is used of such length as to accommodate the maximum number of block units and the channel may be filled with block units or may contain only the number of block units presently required. A block unit may be placed in or removed from a channel without disturbance of other units inasmuch as the spring is so related to the block as to flex for insertion or removal of the block unit from the channel at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the block. To retain such flexure possibility, the spring is seated only on some block surfaces and is spaced from all other block surfaces so that the major portions of the spring are held in spaced relation to the block and to the channel.

The structure is illustrated in the drawings in which;

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view showing a marking plate, a terminal set, a block, a spring and a fragment of one form of channel,

FIG. 2 is an elevation with a fragment in cross-section, of the block with a spring and other parts seated thereon, and

FIG. 3 is a cross-section through an assembled terminal block.

Referring specifically to the drawings, generally designates a block of insulating material which comprises a relatively massive body 11 on which are formed two side extension 12 and a center extension 13, the extensions defining slot-like spaces in which the metallic tube or screw terminal posts are mounted. It will be noted that the center extension 13 is generally double the thickness of the side extensions but the end edges thereof are partially cut away to receive and place an electric conductor about a terminal post, the side extensions 12 being also cut out for such conductor placement. Whenthe block is placed adjacent another block the total thickness of the adjacent side extensions are equal to the thickness of the center extension which is calculated to provide a suflicient insulating barrier between two sets of terminals. The ends of block body 11 are formed with a foot-like part 17 coacting with side extensions 12 in defining a space 18 for receiving the spring. Each foot part 17 is formed with two pads 19 inside of and extending laterally from the side extensions 12. The side extensions 12 are notched at 20 but extend slightly farther from the block body than the pads 19 and also extend below the foot parts 17 so that the side extensions actually seat in the channel.

Notches in the upper end of the block parts 12 and 13 accommodate a strip 24 for receiving markings for each set of terminals, the strips being removably held in place by a pin 25 pressed into the center extension 13. The strips 24 extend for less than the full thickness of the side extensions 12, thus permitting placing of a number of 3,135,572 Patented June 2, 1964 strips end to end to form a substantially continuous marking surface over all of the block units. Each of the block slots defined by the block extensions 12, 13 receives a terminal structure shown as being a conductive tube 23 containing a pressure strip 29 on which electrical conductors are to be pressed by screws 30. Each terminal structure 28-30 is held in place in its block slot by a pin 31 extending through such structure for pressing into the block body 11.

A spring generally designated 35 is shaped to receive the parts 17 of the block body 11 with a midportion 36 of the spring extending into space 18 in the block. It will be noted that the spring portion 36 is reduced to relatively narrow strips to permit relatively high flexibility thereof and is spaced from adjacent surfaces of the block body 11. Each end portion 37 of the spring has parts 38 turned up and parts 39 turned over to engage over block pads 19. By reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, it will be seen that spring portions 38 do not bear on the block parts 17 and 19 except for the upper surfaces of the pads 19 and the lower surfaces of the feet 17, the bearing of such spring parts 39 on a surface of pads 19 causing the block to be tightly gripped by the spring under the resilient action of the spring mid-portion 36. An ear 40' extends between each pair of spring parts 38, 39 and is set slightly inwardly of such parts. The ear has a prong 41 struck therefrom and extending outwardly from the assembled block and spring and the cars 40 and prongs 41 are each relatively large masses of metal so as to be only stiffly resilient.

A metallic mounting channel 46 preferably of stifiiy resilient material, is formed of a width to receive an assembled block and spring transversely of the channel with the prongs 41 engaging under channel sides 47 which are bent toward the channel centerline. The channel has holes 48 for attachment to a base and is of a length to receive whatever combination of blocks with different numbers of slots, is desired. Pairs of lugs 49 may be struck up from the bottom of the channel a suflicient height to prevent accidental movement of a terminal block endwise out of a channel due to vibration or other forces. Obviously holes 48 adjacent the ends of the channel may be used to attach clips or other means bearing on the sides of the end block units to lock the block units in place. However, we have found that the resilience of the springs and channel parts is easily so related as to prevent endwise movement of the block units under even more severe conditions than are usual in use of such devices.

In assembly of the block and spring, the spring midportion 36 is flexed to open the spring end portions 38-39 outwardly. The block 10 is then placed in the spring with the pads 19 on one block foot under the spring parts 39 at one end of the spring. Release of the spring then brings the other end thereof up to snap the other pair of spring parts 39 over the other pair of pads 19. Pressure on the block unit 10 at right angles to the length of the channel 46 now flexes the spring 35-41 about its bearings on pads 19 so that prongs 41 slip past the edge of the channel sides 47 and engage the undersurfaces of such sides. Such engagement is obtained with relatively little force and without the use of tools of any kind. However when the block unit is to be disengaged from the channel, it is necessary to insert a bar-like tool between the end of an ear 40 and a channel side 47 and to flex the spring ears 40 until prongs 41 disengage from channel sides 47. Both the engaging and the disengaging movements are at right angle to the channel length and strictly transversely of the channel.

It will be seen that a terminal block may be inserted at any point along a channel and between the blocks already mounted in the channel, without coming into the channel from an end thereof. Any intermediate terminal block may also be removed without removal of other blocks. No special tools are required to place or remove a terminal block, a screwdriver of suitable size being adequate for the purpose. There is no limit to the length of channel and the number of terminal blocks which may be used in one mounting. As many channel mounting screws may be used as desired and such screws are covered by but do not interfere with the terminal block themselves. The full length of the channel may be used or a channel may be used with space for future terminal blocks. Each snapin operation mounts a terminal block in a single operation.

We claim:

1. In a built-up electric terminal structure, a block of insulation having a slot for receiving the terminal and having feet at the block ends for defining a space within the block, a spring having relatively stiff end portions extending along the block ends and engageable with surfaces thereof for assembly with the block, the spring end portions severally having a prong struck therefrom and extending away from the block ends, the spring having a mid-portion of relatively narrow strips for easy flexing and shaped for arching into the space in the blocks, and a channel for mounting on a base and for receiving the block-spring assembly therein, the channel having inwardly sloping sides extending adjacent the block ends and engageable by the ends of the spring prongs, the spring end portions extending above the channel side edges for pressing thereon to release a prong from the channel for withdrawal of the block spring from the channel.

2. The structure of claim 1 in which the block ends have pads extending therefrom toward the channel sides and the block has extensions projecting beyond the block ends and the bottom on the block feet for providing a space for the spring between the block and channel.

3. The structure of claim 1 in which the spring end portions severally have pairs of parts engaging individually on one surface of a block end pad and have the prong struck from between said pair of parts for providing an aperture for engagement of a tool for pressing the prong away from the channel side.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,936,963 Dutzmann Nov. 28, 1933 FOREIGN PATENTS 286,990 Switzerland Nov. 15, 1952

Claims (1)

1. IN A BUILT-UP ELECTRIC TERMINAL STRUCTURE, A BLOCK OF INSULATION HAVING A SLOT FOR RECEIVING THE TERMINAL AND HAVING FEET AT THE BLOCK ENDS FOR DEFINING A SPACE WITHIN THE BLOCK, A SPRING HAVING RELATIVELY STIFF END PORTIONS EXTENDING ALONG THE BLOCK ENDS AND ENGAGEABLE WITH SURFACES THEREOF FOR ASSEMBLY WITH THE BLOCK, THE SPRING END PORTIONS SEVERALLY HAVING A PRONG STRUCK THEREFROM AND EXTENDING AWAY FROM THE BLOCK ENDS, THE SPRING HAVING A MID-PORTION OF RELATIVELY NARROW STRIPS FOR EASY FLEXING AND SHAPED FOR ARCHING INTO THE SPACE IN THE BLOCKS, AND A CHANNEL FOR MOUNTING ON A BASE AND FOR RECEIVING THE BLOCK-SPRING ASSEMBLY THEREIN, THE CHANNEL HAVING INWARDLY SLOPING SIDES EXTENDING ADJACENT THE BLOCK ENDS AND ENGAGEABLE BY THE ENDS OF THE SPRING PRONGS, THE SPRING END PORTIONS EXTENDING ABOVE THE CHANNEL SIDE EDGES FOR PRESSING THEREON TO RELEASE A PRONG FROM THE CHANNEL FOR WITHDRAWAL OF THE BLOCK SPRING FROM THE CHANNEL.
US3135572A 1961-08-24 1961-08-24 Electric terminal mounting Expired - Lifetime US3135572A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3231847A (en) * 1963-06-17 1966-01-25 Emanuel J Kressel Terminal block with removable marker strip
US3430190A (en) * 1964-10-15 1969-02-25 Gen Entreprises Electr Cie Terminal block mounting
FR2314385A1 (en) * 1975-06-10 1977-01-07 Alsthom Cgee Fitting of insulation block in C section rail - includes flexible tongue which permits easy insertion and removal
US4133598A (en) * 1977-11-14 1979-01-09 Allen-Bradley Company Terminal block
US4346956A (en) * 1980-04-17 1982-08-31 Northern Telecom, Inc. Distributing frame and terminal block member assemblies
US4417779A (en) * 1981-03-26 1983-11-29 Thomas & Betts Corporation PCB-Mountable connector for terminating flat cable
US4471159A (en) * 1982-05-24 1984-09-11 Burndy Corporation Electrical connector and method of making an electrical connection
US4637676A (en) * 1985-05-13 1987-01-20 Allen-Bradley Company Terminal block marking surface
US4682839A (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-07-28 Crane Electronics, Inc. Multi-row modular electrical connector
US5022873A (en) * 1989-02-06 1991-06-11 Wago Verwaltungsgesellschaft Mbh Ground conductor series terminal
US5320564A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-06-14 Burndy Corporation Track connection system for electrical connectors
US5797756A (en) * 1995-09-29 1998-08-25 Krone Aktiengesellschaft Grounding bracket particularly for use in a connecting device for telecommunication and data transmission applications
FR2786941A1 (en) * 1998-12-02 2000-06-09 Patrick Bourgin Intrinsic earthing system for cabinet-mounted electrical apparatus, comprises a support, integral with the cabinet, bonded to earth, which the act of mounting connects to one apparatus terminal.
US6459570B1 (en) * 1997-04-15 2002-10-01 Square D Company Load center interior panel with snap-in neutral
US20060086530A1 (en) * 2004-10-21 2006-04-27 Robert Knabel Wiring connector organizer
US20060240683A1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2006-10-26 Coepte Rail S.R.L. Section for supporting electrical components
US20160248200A1 (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-08-25 Te Connectivity Germany Gmbh Plug Type Connector
US20160322718A1 (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-11-03 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Metal protective conductor connection element and electrical series terminal

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1936963A (en) * 1928-12-13 1933-11-28 Dutzmann Heinrich System of distributing and testing terminals arranged in rows
CH286990A *

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH286990A *
US1936963A (en) * 1928-12-13 1933-11-28 Dutzmann Heinrich System of distributing and testing terminals arranged in rows

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3231847A (en) * 1963-06-17 1966-01-25 Emanuel J Kressel Terminal block with removable marker strip
US3430190A (en) * 1964-10-15 1969-02-25 Gen Entreprises Electr Cie Terminal block mounting
FR2314385A1 (en) * 1975-06-10 1977-01-07 Alsthom Cgee Fitting of insulation block in C section rail - includes flexible tongue which permits easy insertion and removal
US4133598A (en) * 1977-11-14 1979-01-09 Allen-Bradley Company Terminal block
US4346956A (en) * 1980-04-17 1982-08-31 Northern Telecom, Inc. Distributing frame and terminal block member assemblies
US4417779A (en) * 1981-03-26 1983-11-29 Thomas & Betts Corporation PCB-Mountable connector for terminating flat cable
US4471159A (en) * 1982-05-24 1984-09-11 Burndy Corporation Electrical connector and method of making an electrical connection
US4637676A (en) * 1985-05-13 1987-01-20 Allen-Bradley Company Terminal block marking surface
US4682839A (en) * 1986-01-30 1987-07-28 Crane Electronics, Inc. Multi-row modular electrical connector
US5022873A (en) * 1989-02-06 1991-06-11 Wago Verwaltungsgesellschaft Mbh Ground conductor series terminal
US5320564A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-06-14 Burndy Corporation Track connection system for electrical connectors
US5797756A (en) * 1995-09-29 1998-08-25 Krone Aktiengesellschaft Grounding bracket particularly for use in a connecting device for telecommunication and data transmission applications
US6459570B1 (en) * 1997-04-15 2002-10-01 Square D Company Load center interior panel with snap-in neutral
FR2786941A1 (en) * 1998-12-02 2000-06-09 Patrick Bourgin Intrinsic earthing system for cabinet-mounted electrical apparatus, comprises a support, integral with the cabinet, bonded to earth, which the act of mounting connects to one apparatus terminal.
US20060086530A1 (en) * 2004-10-21 2006-04-27 Robert Knabel Wiring connector organizer
US20060240683A1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2006-10-26 Coepte Rail S.R.L. Section for supporting electrical components
US20160248200A1 (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-08-25 Te Connectivity Germany Gmbh Plug Type Connector
US9698525B2 (en) * 2013-11-05 2017-07-04 Te Connectivity Germany Gmbh Plug type connector
US20160322718A1 (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-11-03 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Metal protective conductor connection element and electrical series terminal
US9831569B2 (en) * 2013-12-18 2017-11-28 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Metal protective conductor connection element and electrical series terminal

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