US3132371A - Adjustable floor guide for bypassing sliding doors - Google Patents

Adjustable floor guide for bypassing sliding doors Download PDF

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Publication number
US3132371A
US3132371A US19905962A US3132371A US 3132371 A US3132371 A US 3132371A US 19905962 A US19905962 A US 19905962A US 3132371 A US3132371 A US 3132371A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
guide
means
member
central
elements
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Harold B Enos
Kenneth K Kellems
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ACME APPLIANCE Manufacturing CO
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ACME APPLIANCE Manufacturing CO
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/0621Details, e.g. suspension or supporting guides
    • E05D15/0626Details, e.g. suspension or supporting guides for wings suspended at the top
    • E05D15/0656Bottom guides
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/08Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane consisting of two or more independent parts movable each in its own guides
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/60Suspension or transmission members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/622Suspension or transmission members elements
    • E05Y2201/684Rails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/40Mounting location; Visibility of the elements
    • E05Y2600/45Mounting location; Visibility of the elements in or on the fixed frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/40Mounting location; Visibility of the elements
    • E05Y2600/452Mounting location; Visibility of the elements in or on the floor or wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/40Mounting location; Visibility of the elements
    • E05Y2600/46Mounting location; Visibility of the elements in or on the wing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/35Panel hangers, travelers and/or tracks
    • Y10T16/361Guide brackets

Description

May 12, 1964 H. B. ENos ETAL ADJUSTABLE FLOOR GUIDE FOR BYPASSING SLIDING DOORS Filed May 51, 1962 E ai? @w50 T K mE .AM Wk; mi ETR www@ Hm w United States Patent O 3,132,371 ADJUSTABLE FLOOR GUIDE yFOR BYPASSING SLIDING DODRS Harold B. Enos, Whittier, and Kenneth Kellems,

Ontario, Calif., assignors to Acme Appliance Manufacturing Company, Monrovia, Calif., a corporation of California Filed May 31, "1962, Ser. No. 199,059 7 Claims. (Cl. 16-90) The present invention relates in general .to a .floor mounted guide for the lower edges of bypassing slldmg doors suspended from overhead tracks, as by means of rollers engageable with the tracks.

A general object of the invention is to provide a sliding door guide which is capable of a substantial number of width adjustments over a wide range to accommodate any door thicknesses in common use.

The primary object of the invention is to provide an adjustable guide for bypassing doors comprising a central guide member disposable between the doors, two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of the doors from the central guide member, two connecting means which respectively connect the outer guide elements to the central guide member and which are flexible to vary the spacings between the central guide member and the outer guide elements to accommodate doors of different thicknesses, and means for securing the guide mean-s composed of the central guide member and the outer guide elements, to the oor beneath the doors with the outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from the central guide member.

An important object is to provide a hold down means for securing the aforementioned guide means to the floor which includes means for securing one of the outer guide elements in a fixed position relative to the hold down means, means for securing the other of the outer guide elements in one of a plurality of lixed positions relative to the hold down means, and means providing for floating movement of the central guide member into a neutral position substantially half way between the outer guide elements.

With the foregoing construction, the guide means of the invention is adjusted readily by locating one of the outer guide elements in its fixed position, locating the other of the outer guide elements in that one of its possible fixed positions which corresponds to the thickness of the doors to be used, and permitting the central guide member to seek an intermediate, neutral position substantially midway between the outer guide elements.

Another object is to provide a guide means which is of one-piece construction, the outer guide elements, the central guide member, and the two flexible connecting means between the outer guide elements and the central guide member, all being integral.V Preferably, these components of the guide means are all integrally molded from a suitable plastic material, such as nylon.

Another object of the invention is to provide a molded one-piece guide means wherein the flexible connecting means between the outer guide elements and the central guide member are of an accordion-like or pleated construction.

A further object of the invention is to provide a bypassing door guide wherein the hold down means comprises simply a hold down plate adapted to overlie the guide means and having an opening adapted to snugly receive one of the outer guide elements, spaced openings each adapted to snugly receive the other of the outer guide elements, and an enlarged intermediate opening adapted to loosely receive the central guide member so that the latter can seek a neutral position substantially midway between the outer guide elements.

flexible connecting means specttve outer guide elements to the central guide memjects, advantages, features and results thereof which will be evident to those skilled in the art in the light of this disclosure, may be achieved with the exemplary embodiment of the invention described in detail hereinafter and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the guide means and the hold down means of the bypassing door guide of the invention prior to assembly;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the bypassing door guide as assembled to accommodate bypassing doors of one thickness;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the arrowed line 3 3 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a sectional View taken as indicated by the arrowed line 44 of FIG.' 3 of the drawing.

Referring to the drawing, the bypassing door guide of the invention is designated generally by the numeral 10 and is securable to a floor 12 beneath bypassing doors 14 to guide same in their movement along overhead supporting tracks, not shown.

The bypassing door guide 10 includes two basic components, one being a guide means 16 comprising a central guide member 18 positionable between the doors 14 and two outer guide elements 20 positionable on the opposite sides of the doors 14 from the central guide member, and the second being a hold down means 22 for securing the guide mean-s 16 tothe'floor 12 with each of the outer guide elements 20 spaced from the central guide member 18 a distance corresponding to the thickness of the doors 14. The hold down means 22 is secured to the iloor 12 in any suitable manner, as by two screws 24 on opposite sides of the bypassing doors 14.

The guide means 16 includes, in addition to the central guide member 18 and the outer guide elements 20, two 26 liexibly connecting the re ber. More particularly, each connecting means 26 includes an accordion-like or pleated connector 28 which iiexibly interconnects ak base 30 for the central guide member 18 and a base 32 for the corresponding outer guide element 20. The bases 30 and 32 are provided with two spaced, parallel rows of aligned ribs 34 for a purpose to be described, the two rows of ribs 34-respectively being located on opposite sides of the central guide member 18 and the outer guide elements 20 and extendingV lengthwise of the bypassing door guide 10, i.e., extending transversely of the bypassing doors 14. The function of the ribs 34 will be discussed hereinafter.

It will be apparent that, by virtue of the flexible interconnections between the central guide member 118 and the outer guide elements Ztl which are provided by the connectors 28, the spacing between the outer guide elements and the central guide member may be varied as required to accommodate bypassing doors 14 of a particular thickness. Preferably, the guide means `16 is of one-piece construction and is molded from a suitable plastic material, such as nylon. 'Ihis one-piece, molded construction greatly simplifies manufacture of the guide means 16 and makes for a very economical bypassing door guide :10.

The hold Idown means 22 has the form of a hold down plate 36 extending longitudinally of the ybypassing door guide 10 and adapted to overlie the bases 30 and 32'of the central guide member .18 and the outer guide elements 20. r'l`he hold down plate 36 completely encloses the bases 30 and 32 of the central guide member 18 and the outer guide elements 20 and, as best shown in FIG. 4

`of the drawing, is provided with two downwardly facing,

longitudinal -groovcs or channels 38 respectively receiving therein the two rows of ribs 34 on the bases 30 and 32. With this construction, the central guide member 18 and the outer guide elements 20 are firmly keyed against pivoting about their respective vertical axes, but the positions of the central guide member and one of the outer guide elements are variable longitudinally of the hold down plate, i.e., laterally of the bypassing doors 14, for adjustment purposes to accommodate doors of different thicknesses.

The hold down plate 36 is provided adjacent its front end, i.e., adjacent the end thereof which is located on the front side of the bypassing doors 14, with an opening 40 of a size to snugly receive one of the outer guide elements 20 therein. This provides a fixed location for the corresponding, front guide element 20 relative to the hold down plate :36. Such fixed location for the front guide element is selected to provide a minimum projection of the bypassing door guide 'forwardly of the doors 14.

The hold down plate 36 is provided adjacent its rearward end with a plurality, e.g., four, openings 42 each adapted to snugly receive therein the other, or rear, outer guide element 20. The various openings 42 correspond to various conventional thicknesses for the bypassing doors 14, such as 3A inch, 1 inch, etc. In the drawing, the rear guide element is shown in the openin g 42 corresponding to the next to the thickest doors for which the guide 41() is designed.

The central .guide member 18 is merely loosely disposed in an enlarged opening 44 having a dimension, in the lengthwise direction of the hold down plate 36, sul-licient to accommodate all of the possible positions for the rear guide element 20. 'The central guide member 18 merely assumes a position in the enlarged opening 44 such that it is substantially midway between the two guide elements 20, and thus in a position to receive the two bypassing doors `14 on opposite sides thereof.l

The exible connectors 28 may have suiiicient inherent resilience to automatically center the central guide member .18 between the guide elements 20 prior to clamping the central guide member in place upon securing of the hold down plate 36 to the floor. If not, the guide member 18 may be centered manually. Alternatively, suicient clearance can be provided between the hold down plate 36 and the base 30 of the central guide member 18 to permit automatic centering of the guide member by the doors 14.

Although an exemplary embodiment of the invention has been disclosed herein for purposes of illustration, it will be understood that various changes, modifications and substitutions may be incorporated in such embodiment without departing -from the spirit of the invention as defined by the claims which follow.

We claim:

1. In an adjustable iioor `guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of:

(A) a guide means including (a) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two ilexible connecting means respectively connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a -oor with said outer guide elements spaced from said central guide member.

4. 2. In an adjustable loor guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of:

(A) a guide means including (a) a central guide member,

5 `(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two exible connecting means respectively connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a floor with said outer `guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said central guide member.

3. In an adjustable oor guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of z o (A) a guide means including (n) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two flexible accordion-like connecting means respectively connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a iloor with said outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said central guide member.

4. In an adjustable floor guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of:

(A) a one-piece guide means including (a) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two iiexible accordion-like connecting means respectively integrally connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a oor with said outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said central guide member.

5. In an adjustable oor guide for bypassing slidmg doors, the combination of:

(A) a guide means including (a) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two ilexible connecting means respectively connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a floor with said outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said central guide member, said hold down means including (a) means for securing one of said outer gulde elements in a single fixed position,

(b) means for securing the other of said outer guide elements in one of a plurality of fixed positions, and

(c) means providing for iloating movement of Said central guide member into a position substantially halfway between said outer guide elements.

6. In an adjustable oor guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of:

(A) a guide means including (a) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member, t

(c) two exible connecting means respectively connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and v (d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a ioor with said outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said kcentral guide member, said hold down means including a hold down plate adapted to overlie said guide means and to be seated on a oor and having (a) a single opening adapted to snugly receive one of said outer guide elements,

(b) spaced openings each adapted to snugly receive the other of said outer guide elements, and

(c) an enlarged opening between said single opening and said spaced openings, adapted to loosely receive said central guide member.

7. In an adjustable iloor guide for bypassing sliding doors, the combination of:

(A) a one-piece guide means including (a) a central guide member,

(b) two outer guide elements respectively located on opposite sides of and spaced from said central guide member,

(c) two exible, accordion-like connecting means respectively integrally connecting said outer guide elements to said central guide member, and

(d) said connecting means being bendable to vary the spacings between said central guide member and said outer guide elements; and

(B) a hold down means for securing said guide means to a oor with said outer guide elements spaced predetermined distances from said central guide member, said hold down means including a hold down plate adapted to overlie said guide means and to be seated on a oor and having (a) a single opening adapted to snugly receive one of said outer guide elements,

(b) spaced openings each adapted to snugly receive the other of said outer guide elements, and

(c) an enlarged opening between said single opening and said spaced openings, adapted to loosely receive said central guide member.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Claims (1)

1. IN AN ADJUSTABLE FLOOR GUIDE FOR BYPASSING SLIDING DOORS, THE COMBINATION OF: (A) A GUIDE MEANS INCLUDING (A) A CENTRAL GUIDE MEMBER, (B) TWO OUTER GUIDE ELEMENTS RESPECTIVELY LOCATED ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF AND SPACED FROM SAID CENTRAL GUIDE MEMBER, (C) TWO FLEXIBLE CONNECTING MEANS RESPECTIVELY CONNECTING SAID OUTER GUIDE ELEMENTS TO SAID CENTRAL GUIDE MEMBER, AND (D) SAID CONNECTING MEANS BEING BENDABLE TO VARY THE SPACINGS BETWEEN SAID CENTRAL GUIDE MEMBER AND SAID OUTER GUIDE ELEMENTS; AND (B) A HOLD DOWN MEANS FOR SECURING SAID GUIDE MEANS TO A FLOOR WITH SAID OUTER GUIDE ELEMENTS SPACED FROM SAID CENTRAL GUIDE MEMBER.
US3132371A 1962-05-31 1962-05-31 Adjustable floor guide for bypassing sliding doors Expired - Lifetime US3132371A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3205529A (en) * 1963-11-12 1965-09-14 Alvin W Quinley Guide for sliding doors
US3284842A (en) * 1964-05-12 1966-11-15 Western Reserve Plastics Inc Resilient plastic pin and filler strip for slotted hinge constructions
US3493990A (en) * 1967-12-13 1970-02-10 Charles S Winn Guide for sliding doors
US4455709A (en) * 1982-06-16 1984-06-26 Zanini Walter D Floor mounted guide and shim assembly for sliding doors
US5813121A (en) * 1996-06-17 1998-09-29 Allway Tools, Inc. Automatically retractable utility knife
USD444368S1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-07-03 American Safety Razor Retractable utility knife
US6263577B1 (en) 1998-10-06 2001-07-24 American Safety Razor Automatic spring retractable utility knife
WO2004003323A1 (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-08 Dorma Gmbh + Co. Kg Guide element for a sliding door, in particular a plate glass sliding door
US20110167647A1 (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Donald Gringer Cutting implements
USD660675S1 (en) 2011-06-09 2012-05-29 Allway Tools, Inc. Twin blade head for a knife
USD779143S1 (en) 2014-04-25 2017-02-14 Unger Marketing International, Llc Window scraper
USD782271S1 (en) 2015-04-29 2017-03-28 Unger Marketing International, Llc Tool handle

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2750622A (en) * 1953-09-08 1956-06-19 Stark Harold Guide rail assembly for sliding doors
US2898623A (en) * 1957-05-23 1959-08-11 Jr Leonard Emanuel Johnson Door guides
US2939167A (en) * 1955-11-25 1960-06-07 Acme Appliance Mfg Company Sliding door guide
US2949626A (en) * 1958-06-20 1960-08-23 Ekco Products Company Sliding door guide unit
US3000046A (en) * 1960-08-31 1961-09-19 Lawrence Brothers Door guide
US3017656A (en) * 1959-10-20 1962-01-23 Hillson Frank Sliding door guide
US3030654A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-04-24 Migneault Romuald Pressure applying device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2750622A (en) * 1953-09-08 1956-06-19 Stark Harold Guide rail assembly for sliding doors
US2939167A (en) * 1955-11-25 1960-06-07 Acme Appliance Mfg Company Sliding door guide
US2898623A (en) * 1957-05-23 1959-08-11 Jr Leonard Emanuel Johnson Door guides
US2949626A (en) * 1958-06-20 1960-08-23 Ekco Products Company Sliding door guide unit
US3017656A (en) * 1959-10-20 1962-01-23 Hillson Frank Sliding door guide
US3030654A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-04-24 Migneault Romuald Pressure applying device
US3000046A (en) * 1960-08-31 1961-09-19 Lawrence Brothers Door guide

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3205529A (en) * 1963-11-12 1965-09-14 Alvin W Quinley Guide for sliding doors
US3284842A (en) * 1964-05-12 1966-11-15 Western Reserve Plastics Inc Resilient plastic pin and filler strip for slotted hinge constructions
US3493990A (en) * 1967-12-13 1970-02-10 Charles S Winn Guide for sliding doors
US4455709A (en) * 1982-06-16 1984-06-26 Zanini Walter D Floor mounted guide and shim assembly for sliding doors
US5813121A (en) * 1996-06-17 1998-09-29 Allway Tools, Inc. Automatically retractable utility knife
US6263577B1 (en) 1998-10-06 2001-07-24 American Safety Razor Automatic spring retractable utility knife
US6438849B1 (en) 1998-10-06 2002-08-27 Safety Razor Company Automatic spring retractable utility knife
USD444368S1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-07-03 American Safety Razor Retractable utility knife
WO2004003323A1 (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-08 Dorma Gmbh + Co. Kg Guide element for a sliding door, in particular a plate glass sliding door
US20110167647A1 (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Donald Gringer Cutting implements
US8938883B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2015-01-27 Allway Tools, Inc. Cutting implements
USD660675S1 (en) 2011-06-09 2012-05-29 Allway Tools, Inc. Twin blade head for a knife
USD779143S1 (en) 2014-04-25 2017-02-14 Unger Marketing International, Llc Window scraper
USD782271S1 (en) 2015-04-29 2017-03-28 Unger Marketing International, Llc Tool handle

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