US3127929A - Air conditioning system with one pipe heating and cooling - Google Patents

Air conditioning system with one pipe heating and cooling Download PDF

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Publication number
US3127929A
US3127929A US12128761A US3127929A US 3127929 A US3127929 A US 3127929A US 12128761 A US12128761 A US 12128761A US 3127929 A US3127929 A US 3127929A
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conduit
heat
fluid
exchange
hot
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Clarence L Ringquist
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Trane Co
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Trane Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING, AIR-HUMIDIFICATION, VENTILATION, USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/06Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the arrangements for the supply of heat-exchange fluid for the subsequent treatment of primary air in the room units
    • F24F3/08Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the arrangements for the supply of heat-exchange fluid for the subsequent treatment of primary air in the room units with separate supply and return lines for hot and cold heat-exchange fluids i.e. so-called "4-conduit" system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system

Description

C. L. RINGQUIST April 7, 1964 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH ONE PIPE HEATING AND COOLING Filed May? 29, 1961 mwwzmqzoo MN O 2 mm on 562328 EEG:

INVENTOR.

CLARENCE L. RINGQUIST Aww ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,127,929 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH ONE PIPE HEATTNG AND CODLING Clarence L. Ringquist, La Crosse, Wis., assignor to The Trane Company, La Crosse, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Filed May 29, 1961, Ser. No. 121,287 7 Claims. (Cl. 165-22) This invention relates generally to a combination heating and cooling air conditioning system and more specifically to an air conditioning system in which heated and chilled water is available to the heat exchange members at all times, if desired.

In recent years the air conditioning industry has tended to provide air conditioning systems in which a supply of hot and cold water is provided simultaneously to the heat exchange members in the system. Prior to this invention a separate heat exchange coil for each source of water was provided in each heat exchange unit. In other words, each heat exchange unit normally would have two heat exchange coils, one for the hot fluid and one for the cold fluid.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an air conditioning system in which both hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and the heat exchange unit requires only a single heat exchange coil.

Another object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which both hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit through a one-pipe heating and a one-pipe cooling conduit system.

A third object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and in which the cold fluid is conditioned by a refrigeration system and the hot fluid may partially or wholly be heated by the condenser of the refrigeration system.

A fourth object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which hot and cold heat exchange fluid may by supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and in which the hot and cold fluid is supplied to 'the units in a one-pipe type of circulation system. To elucidate, a single cold supply pipe and a single hot pipe are supplied to each zone and the desired heat exchange fluid is taken from one of these pipes and fed through the heat exchange coil. The fluid passing through the heat exchange coil is then returned back to the supply from whence it came and is mixed with the heat exchange fluid being supplied to the other units on this pipe.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be clearly apparent as the specification proceeds to describe the invention with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

The figure is.a schematic view of the preferred form of an air conditioning system incorporating the principles of my invention.

Looking now to the figure, there is shown the preferred form of my invention. For the basis of a disclosure, a plurality of heat exchange units 10 and 12 with a single heat exchange coil 14 are located in a plurality of zones 15 (shown in dotted lines), the number of units and the number of zones depending upon the particular requirements of the enclosure to be conditioned. Heat exchange units 10 are shown in the position to receive cold heat exchange fluid and heat exchange unit 12 are shown receiving hot heat exchange fluid.

Chilled water is supplied to each heat exchange unit from chiller 16 by chilled water pump 18. Hot water 3,127,329 Patented Apr. 7, 1964 "ice is supplied to each heat exchange unit from heater 20 by hot water pump 22.

A refrigeration system consisting of compressor 23, condensers 24 and 26, expansion means 28, and chiller 16 is employed to cool the returning chilled water and to heat the returning hot water. As is usual in refrigeration systems, hot gas is supplied from compressor 23 to either or both of condensers 24 and 26. The liquified condensed refrigerant from condensers 24 and 26 is then expanded through expansion means 28 into chiller 16 to cool the returning chilled water. Vaporized refrigerant is returned from chiller 16 to compressor 23 for compression and is re-cycled through the system. Valves 31) are provided so that all or part of the hot gas may be condensed in condenser 24 to heat the warm return water in order to utilize the heat normally rejected. Heater 20 is necessary under conditions when the amount of heat rejected by condenser 24 is not suflicient to heat the warm water to a high enough temperature to handle the heating requirements of the area to be conditioned.

Operation The operation of only two units 10 and 12 in only one zone will be discussed keeping in mind that the other units in the zone and in other zones operate in the same manner. As pointed out previously, unit 10 is shown in the cold water receiving position and unit 12 is shown in the hot water receiving position. It being understood that in extreme weather conditions when either all heating or all cooling is required in the conditioned areas that either the refrigeration system or the heating system may be shut down in order to save operating expense.

Each heat exchange unit 10 or 12 is provided with a single heat exchange coil 14 with temperature responsive three-way valves 32 and 33 connected thereto with valve 32 connected at the inlet end and valve 33 at the outlet end. Hot water from conduit 34 is supplied to conduit 36 and cold water from conduit 38 is supplied to conduit 40.

Looking at heat exchange unit 10, cold water flows from conduit 40 through conduit 42, three-way valve 32, conduit 44, heat exchange coil 14, conduit 46, three-way valve 33, conduit 48, and back into conduit 40 where it mixes with the water flowing to the units further down the line. This type of cooling system will herein be referred to as a one-pipe cooling system.

Heat exchange unit 12 conversely is being supplied hot water from conduit 36. Hot water flows from conduit 36 successively through conduit 50, three-way valve 32, conduit 44, heat exchange coil 14, conduit 46, threeway valve 33, and conduit 52 back into hot water conduit 36 where it mixes with the hot water being supplied to the other heat exchange units further down the line. This of heating system is conversely referred to as a onepipe system.

The hot and cold fluid in conduits 36 and 4-0 is returned to the heater 20 and the chiller 16 by way of conduit-s 54 and 56 respectively.

Thermostatic three-ways 32 and 33 on each heat exchange unit operate simultaneously in response to the temperature sensed by thermostat 58. When cooling is required by thermostat 5 8, both valves 32 and 33 place the heat exchange coil 14 in flow relation with the chilled water conduit 40. When heating is required in the area sensed by thermostat 58 valves 32 and 33 are reversed and the heat exchange coil 14 is placed in flow relationship with the hot heat exchange fluid conduit 36. The particular construction and control of the valves 32 and 33 is not described and any commercially available valve and control therefor will suflice for the purpose of this invention.

Pipe Ts 60 are shown at junction of the conduits supplying heat exchange fluid to the heat exchange units. Such Ts are only exemplary and it is Within the scope of the invention to use any other suitable connecting means such as commercially available flo-fittings.

As herein described I have provided a new and novel air conditioning system employing only a single heat exchange coil for each heat exchange unit in the system and at the same time supply said heat exchange coils with a conduit system which requires only two pipes but yet offers hot and cold fluid to each unit simultaneously.

Although I have described in detail the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is contemplated that many changes may be made Without departing from the scope or spirit of my invention and I desire to be limited only by the claims.

I claim:

1. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a compressor, an evaporator, and a condenser interconnected to provide a refrigeration system, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said condenser to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said evaporator to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said condenser, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said evaporator, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid from said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

=2. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of zones with each one zone having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said zones, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said zones, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said zones back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said zones back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directlly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid firo m said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

3. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid from said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

4. The structure of claim 3 wherein said valve means are thermostaticallyoperated valves.

5. The structure of claim 4 wherein said thermostatically operated valves are three-Way valves, each with one port operably associated with said heat exchange coil, a second port connected to said first conduit means, and a third port connected to said second conduit means.

6. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a heat exchange coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first and third conduits, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, a first thermostatically operated valve means connected to said fifth and sixth conduits and to the inlet side of said coil, a second thermostatically operated valve means connected to said fifth and sixth conduits and to the outlet side of said coil, and control means to place said heat exchange coil in fluid communication with said fifth conduit when the temperature of the conditioned space is below a certain predetermined temperature and to place said heat exchange coil in fluid communication with said sixth conduit When the temperature of the conditioned space is above a certain predetermined temperature.

7. The structure of claim 6 wherein said first and second thermostatically operated valve means are three-way valves with one port operably associated with said heat exchange coil and the other ports are connected to said fifth and sixth conduits.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N0e 3,127,929 pril 7' 1964 Clarence LB Ringquist he above. numbered pet- It is hereby certified that error appears in t Patentshould read as ent requiring correction and that the said Letters corrected below.

Column 2, line 54, after- "This" insert type column 3, line 42, strike out "one".

and sealed this 18th day of August l94.

Signed (S AL) Attest:

ERNES R) SWIDER EDWARD J. BRENNER Aitesting Officef Commissioner of Patents

Claims (1)

1. AN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A SPACE HAVING A PLURALITY OF AREAS WITH SIMILAR HEATING AND COOLING REQUIREMENTS, A COMPRESSOR, AN EVAPORATOR, AND A CONDENSER INTERCONNECTED TO PROVIDE A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM, A FIRST CONDUIT FOR CONDUCTING HOT FLUID FROM SAID CONDENSER TO SAID AREAS, A SECOND CONDUIT FOR CONDUCTING COLD FLUID FROM SAID EVAPORATOR TO SAID AREAS, A THIRD CONDUIT FOR CONDUCTING HOT FLUID FROM SAID AREAS BACK TO SAID CONDENSER, A FOURTH CONDUIT FOR CONDUCTING COLD FLUID FROM SAID AREAS BACK TO SAID EVAPORATOR, AT LEAST ONE HEAT EXCHANGE UNIT IN EACH OF SAID AREAS, SAID HEAT EXCHANGE UNIT HAVING A COIL THEREIN, A FIFTH CONDUIT CONNECTED TO SAID FIRST CONDUIT AND SAID THIRD CONDUIT, A SIXTH CONDUIT CONNECTED DIRECTLY TO SAID SECOND AND FOURTH CONDUITS, FIRST CONDUIT MEANS CONNECTED TO SAID FIFTH CONDUIT TO CONDUCT HOT FLUID FROM SAID FIFTH CONDUIT THROUGH SAID HEAT EXCHANGE COIL AND BACK INTO SAID FIFTH CONDUIT, SECOND CONDUIT MEANS CONNECTED TO SAID SIXTH CONDUIT TO CONDUCT COLD FLUID FROM SAID SIXTH CONDUIT THROUGH SAID HEAT EXCHANGE COIL AND BACK INTO SAID SIXTH CONDUIT, AND VALVE MEANS OPERABLY CONNECTED TO SAID FIRST AND SECOND CONDUIT MEANS TO SELECTIVELY CONTROL THE FLOW OF HOT AND COLD FLUID VIA SAID FIRST AND SECOND CONDUIT MEANS RESPECTIVELY TO AND FROM SAID COIL IN RESPONSE TO LOAD CONDITIONS IN SAID AREA.
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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3256929A (en) * 1964-05-08 1966-06-21 Itt Piping system providing instantaneous changeover from heating to cooling and vice versa
US3276516A (en) * 1965-04-26 1966-10-04 Worthington Corp Air conditioning system
US3378062A (en) * 1966-10-27 1968-04-16 Trane Co Four pipe heat pump apparatus
US3425485A (en) * 1967-06-28 1969-02-04 Borg Warner Air conditioning unit and pump for single pipe system
US3593780A (en) * 1969-05-07 1971-07-20 James Patrick Donnelly Heating and cooling system
US3603379A (en) * 1969-04-08 1971-09-07 Carrier Corp Heating and cooling system
US3823572A (en) * 1973-08-15 1974-07-16 American Air Filter Co Freeze protection device in heat pump system
US4269036A (en) * 1978-08-23 1981-05-26 Gomi Patent Office Food defrosting apparatus
US4510762A (en) * 1982-06-15 1985-04-16 H. Krantz Gmbh & Co. Heat recovery method
US4559788A (en) * 1981-09-14 1985-12-24 Mcfarlan Alden I Air conditioning system and method
US4719763A (en) * 1985-03-14 1988-01-19 Hellmut Tietze Device for changing the temperature of a room
EP0266680A2 (en) * 1986-11-05 1988-05-11 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system
EP0281762A2 (en) * 1987-03-12 1988-09-14 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system for buildings
US5183102A (en) * 1991-11-15 1993-02-02 The Montana Power Company Heating and cooling system
EP0730124A2 (en) * 1995-03-02 1996-09-04 Sanden Corporation Heating/cooling unit used in room air conditioning system
US5784893A (en) * 1994-03-30 1998-07-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Air conditioning system with built-in intermediate heat exchanger with two different types of refrigerants circulated
WO2004068037A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Frigor System Di Calzoni I. Conditioning device
US20120181009A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2012-07-19 Blecker Joseph G Automatic Switching Two Pipe Hydronic System
US20130333413A1 (en) * 2011-03-11 2013-12-19 Carrier Corporation Rooftop unit
US20140116646A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-05-01 Mario Viscovich Conflated Air Conditioning System
US20160003561A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2016-01-07 Johnson Controls Technology Company A modular liquid based heating and cooling system
US9625222B2 (en) 2012-02-02 2017-04-18 Semco Llc Chilled beam pump module, system, and method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2787128A (en) * 1952-11-28 1957-04-02 Carrier Corp Method and apparatus for heating and cooling a compartmented enclosure
US2935857A (en) * 1957-02-19 1960-05-10 Alden I Mcfarlan Air conditioning

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2787128A (en) * 1952-11-28 1957-04-02 Carrier Corp Method and apparatus for heating and cooling a compartmented enclosure
US2935857A (en) * 1957-02-19 1960-05-10 Alden I Mcfarlan Air conditioning

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3256929A (en) * 1964-05-08 1966-06-21 Itt Piping system providing instantaneous changeover from heating to cooling and vice versa
US3276516A (en) * 1965-04-26 1966-10-04 Worthington Corp Air conditioning system
US3378062A (en) * 1966-10-27 1968-04-16 Trane Co Four pipe heat pump apparatus
US3425485A (en) * 1967-06-28 1969-02-04 Borg Warner Air conditioning unit and pump for single pipe system
US3603379A (en) * 1969-04-08 1971-09-07 Carrier Corp Heating and cooling system
US3593780A (en) * 1969-05-07 1971-07-20 James Patrick Donnelly Heating and cooling system
US3823572A (en) * 1973-08-15 1974-07-16 American Air Filter Co Freeze protection device in heat pump system
US4269036A (en) * 1978-08-23 1981-05-26 Gomi Patent Office Food defrosting apparatus
US4559788A (en) * 1981-09-14 1985-12-24 Mcfarlan Alden I Air conditioning system and method
US4510762A (en) * 1982-06-15 1985-04-16 H. Krantz Gmbh & Co. Heat recovery method
US4719763A (en) * 1985-03-14 1988-01-19 Hellmut Tietze Device for changing the temperature of a room
EP0266680A2 (en) * 1986-11-05 1988-05-11 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system
US4796439A (en) * 1986-11-05 1989-01-10 Takenaka Komuten Co., Ltd. Air conditioning system
EP0266680A3 (en) * 1986-11-05 1989-06-07 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system
EP0281762A3 (en) * 1987-03-12 1989-06-07 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system for buildings
EP0281762A2 (en) * 1987-03-12 1988-09-14 Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd. Air conditioning system for buildings
US5183102A (en) * 1991-11-15 1993-02-02 The Montana Power Company Heating and cooling system
WO1993010408A1 (en) * 1991-11-15 1993-05-27 Montana Power Company Heating and cooling system
GB2277144A (en) * 1991-11-15 1994-10-19 Steven J Clark Heating and cooling system
GB2277144B (en) * 1991-11-15 1996-04-24 Steven J Clark Heating and cooling system
US5784893A (en) * 1994-03-30 1998-07-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Air conditioning system with built-in intermediate heat exchanger with two different types of refrigerants circulated
EP0730124A3 (en) * 1995-03-02 1997-12-10 Sanden Corporation Heating/cooling unit used in room air conditioning system
EP0730124A2 (en) * 1995-03-02 1996-09-04 Sanden Corporation Heating/cooling unit used in room air conditioning system
WO2004068037A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Frigor System Di Calzoni I. Conditioning device
US20120181009A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2012-07-19 Blecker Joseph G Automatic Switching Two Pipe Hydronic System
US8397799B2 (en) * 2007-05-01 2013-03-19 Joseph G. Blecker Automatic switching two pipe hydronic system
US20130333413A1 (en) * 2011-03-11 2013-12-19 Carrier Corporation Rooftop unit
US9625222B2 (en) 2012-02-02 2017-04-18 Semco Llc Chilled beam pump module, system, and method
US20140116646A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-05-01 Mario Viscovich Conflated Air Conditioning System
US20160003561A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2016-01-07 Johnson Controls Technology Company A modular liquid based heating and cooling system

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