US3106365A - Compound bowed d bar spreader - Google Patents

Compound bowed d bar spreader Download PDF

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Publication number
US3106365A
US3106365A US9191461A US3106365A US 3106365 A US3106365 A US 3106365A US 9191461 A US9191461 A US 9191461A US 3106365 A US3106365 A US 3106365A
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Prior art keywords
sheets
bar
direction
guide
travel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Gerald W Karr
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Beloit Eastern Corp
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Beloit Eastern Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • B65H23/022Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices
    • B65H23/025Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices by rollers
    • B65H23/0258Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices by rollers with a bowed axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H35/00Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. of the kinds specified below
    • B65H35/02Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. of the kinds specified below from or with longitudinal slitters or perforators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/30Orientation, displacement, position of the handled material
    • B65H2301/35Spacing
    • B65H2301/351Spacing parallel to the direction of displacement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4148Winding slitting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S164/00Metal founding
    • Y10S164/09Piston-vacuum

Description

a. wIKARR Oct. 8, 19 3 COMPOUND BowEn D BAR SPREADER Fil ed Feb. 27, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 a N W M y a3 Get. 8, 1963 G; WJ'KARR 3,106,365

COMPOUND BOWED 0 BAR SPREADER 2 Sheets-Sheet2 .Filed Feb. 27, 1961 A TTORNE YS United States Patent 3,106,365 COMPOUND BOWED D BAR SPREADER Gerald W. Karr, West Chester, Pa., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Beloit Eastern Corporation, Downingtown, Pa., a corporation of Delaware Filed Feb. 27, 1961, Ser. No. 91,914 4 Claims. (Cl. 24276) The instant invention relates to means for handling traveling sheet material, and more particularly, to means for guiding traveling sheet material in such a manner as to maintain the elements of a traveling uniplanar sheet material in substantial alignment with the direction of travel, without convergence of such elements laterally or transversely to a direction of travel.

Although the instant invention has practical application in the maintenance or spreading of the elements of a single traveling uniplanar sheet (e.g. so as to avoid folding of the sheet elements upon themselves), the instant invention is particularly useful in the spreading of slit paper sheets just prior to windup. In the conventional slitting arrangemenuwa slitter divides a traveling paper web into a plurality of closely adjacent (e.g. contiguous or slightly spaced) paper sheets, which continue to travel substantially uniplanarly into a windup device Whereat the individual sheet elements are wound upon themselves to form a plurality of adjacent (generally coaxial) paper rolls. The term uniplanar is used herein to denote the condition of the adjacent traveling sheets at any particular location, i.e., it is appreciated that the overall travel of the sheets from the slitting device to the windup device may follow a curvilinear path, but at any particular location (and for a practical matter during substantially the entire travel between these devices) the plurality of contiguous sheets will lie in substantially the same plane. The instant invention provides a guide bar system which actually engages the traveling sheets and, as will be explained in detail hereinafter, deflects the same slightly out of a true uniplanar relationship, although retaining the sheets in a substantially uniplanar relationship.

One of the most significant difiiculties involved in slitter arrangements of this type resides in the tendency of the individual slit sheets to move out of precisely the desired longitudinal alignment or direction of travel. If these sheet elements overlap, then it will be appreciated that adjacent wound paper rolls will be interlocked. Also, if the sheets approach the windup means in a direction that is not in substantial alignment with the direction of travel, they will approach the windup' core 'and/ or winder diums at a slight deviation from alignment directly perpendicular to a plane passing through the axis of the roll or core and the desired line of contact between the paper sheet and the surface of the roll or core, so as to effect an undesirable spiral windup. The extremely high speeds at which many slitter and windup operations are carried out also tend to complicate the considerations involved in obtaining the desired windup conditions.

The instant invention provides a guide means which may be interposed between the slitter and windup devices in order to effect the desired alignment of the slit sheets. This is obtained by the use of a guide bar or so-called D bar which is bowed in the center (and which in crosssection resembles the letter D, hence the name). The guide bar of the instant invention, however, is unique in that it is bowed in the center not only against the plurality of traveling sheets which it engages but also in the direction of the travel of said sheets and any partial length thereof can be independently adjusted in either direction to compensate for any unusual conditions in web. Also the bar may be bowed to a true radius or in a parabola. This compound bowing eflect results in a unique and highly practical arrangement for obtaining the desired alignment of the traveling sheets. It effects spreading of the traveling sheets to the extent desired and further eifects alignment thereof in the direction of travel in a highly desirable manner. In addition, it has been found that even better results may be obtained in certain devices using in combination with the aforementioned compound bowed D bar spreader a second bowed D bar spreader closely spaced from the first at the off-running side thereof, with the second bar being bowed centrally against the traveling sheets, but in a direction opposite to the direction of travel, rather than in the same direction of travel for the sheets.

It is, therefore, an important object of the instant invention to provide an improved guide means for traveling sheet material, and more particularly, an improved guide means for maintaining desired alignment for a plurality of substantially uniplanar traveling sheets.

It is a further object of the instant invention to provide guide means for a plurality of substantially uniplanar traveling sheets, comprising a guide bar engaging one side of said sheets, said guide bar being bowed in the center against the sheets and in the direction of travel of said sheets to separate the sheets transversely to the direction of sheet travel.

A more specific object of the instant invention is to provide, in a paper sheet handling device, a slitter dividing a traveling paper web into a plurality of closely adjacent uniplanar sheets, a first guide bar spaced from the slitter in the direction of sheet travel and engaging one side of said sheets, said guide bar being bowed in the center against the sheets and in the direction of travel of said sheets to separate the sheets transversely to the direction of sheet travel, a second guide bar closely spaced from the first in the direction of web travel, said second guide bar being bowed in the center against the sheets and" away from the direction of travel of said sheets to align the sheets, as separated by the first guide bar, in the direction of travel so as to substantially maintain the spacing therebetween effected by said first guide bar, and windup means spaced from the second guide bar in the direction of sheet travel winding the sheets into a plurality ot laterally spaced rolls.

Other and further objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed disclosure thereof and the drawings attached hereto and made a part hereof.

On the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is an essentially diagrammatic view of a slitter and windup device using the guide means embodying the instant invention;

FIGURE 2 is a detailed side elevational view of the compound bowed D bar spreader;

FIGURE 3 is a top plan view showing the plurality of closely spaced adjacent uniplanar paper sheets passing over the top of the compound D bar spreader shown in detail in FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a generally elevational View taken sub stantially from the position indicated at IV--IV of FIG- URE 2 showing the compound D bar spreader in reduced transverse dimension and with an exaggerated bow; FIGURE 5 is essentially a top plan diagrammatic view of the closely adjacent uniplanar sheets passing over a guide bar of the invention, comparable to the view of FIGURE 3 but showing the spreading of the sheets in exaggerated manner; and

FIGURE 6 is a view corresponding to that of FIG- URE 5, except that a second D bar spreader is shown in cooperation with the first.

As shown on the drawings:

Referring to FIGURE 1, it will be seen that the overall a slitting and winding device indicated diagrammatically therein by the reference numeral 10 comprises a slitter 11a, 11b of conventional design for slitting a traveling paper web 12 into a plurality of closely adjacent substantially uniplanar traveling sheets indicated at 12a, 1217, etc. The traveling sheets 12a, 12b, etc. move from the slitter 11a, 11b to a windup device indicated generally at 13. The windup device may involve a single windup mandrel in the position 13a on which a plurality of closely spaced rolls are wound from each of the traveling sheets 12a, 1211, etc., or the windup device 13 may comprise, as is actually indicated in the drawing, a pair of underwinder drums 13a, 13b which wind the paper rolls 14a, 1412, etc. coaxially in the nip between the underwinder drums 13a, 13b. The first roll 14a winds up the sheet 12a, the second roll 14b (hidden by the first) winds up the second sheet 1212, etc. In order to obtain the desired spreading and alignment of the traveling sheets 12a, 12!), etc., guide means in the form of a compound bowed D bar spreader 2t} embodying the instant invention is mounted so as to engage one side of the traveling sheets 12a, 12b, which is here shown as the bottom side.

Referring now to FIGURE 3, it will be seen that the plurality of substantially uniplanar traveling sheets 12a, 12b, 12c, 12d and 1212 are shown in top plan view. The direction of travel is indicated by the arrows. The sheets 12a, 12b, etc. are substantially uniplanar and they are closely adjacent (so closely spaced, in fact, that in this view the spaces therebetween 3-1, 8-2, etc. are indicated merely as lines). It will be seen later that the spaces are shown in greatly exaggerated manner in FIG- URES and 6.

As indicated in FIGURES 2 and 3, the guide bar assembly 26* comprises a frame element 21 extending transversely the full width of the sheets 12a through 12:: and suitably mounted on a fixed support (not shown). The frame element 21 carries a plurality of mounting means 22 through 27 spaced laterally to the direction of sheet travel maintaining a guide bar 30 in position such that it is bowed in the central portion 30a thereof in the direction of travel of the sheets (as shown in FIGURE 3) and also against or into the plane PP of the sheets 12a, 121), etc. (as indicated generally in FIGURE 2). The outside individual mounting means 22 shown in FIGURES 2 and 3 comprises a footing 2211 (which preferably is adjustable in height, eg by shims not shown) secured to the frame 21 and mounting a sleeve 22b generally normal to the plane P-P of the sheets 12, 1211, etc. The sleeve 22b threadedly receives an adjusting rod 220 provided at its rear with turning knob 22d and at its front end with an adjusting head 22:: which is rotatably received by a socket 30b in the back of the bar 30. Axial movement of the rod 220 in the sleeve 22b adjusts the position of the head 22a and thereby adjusts the position of the portion of the bar 30 in the immediate region of the socket 3011. A lock nut assembly 22] maintains the adjusting rod 220 in adjusted operative position. The other adjusting means 23, 24 visible in FIGURE 2, of course, function in substantially the same manner, except that these adjusting means 23 and 24 are mounted on successively lower footing elements 23a, 24a so as to be closer to the frame 21 and thereby to impart to the central portion 39a of the bar 30 a bowing elfect in the direction of travel of the sheets 12a, 12b, etc. Also, the adjusting means 23' and 24 urge the central portion 30a of the bar 30 to an increasingly greater extent against the sheets 12a, 12b (or into the plane PP of such substantially uniplanar traveling sheets 12a, 12b, etc.). In this way the bar 30 is bowed in its center not only in the direction of travel of the sheets 12a, 12b, etc. but also against the same. This is compound bowing eifect; and it has been found to provide a number of advantages in the guidance of the plurality of traveling sheets 12a, 12-h, etc. For example, it tends to effect spreading of the sheets so that they do not readily reconverge in a subsequent operation and it assists in the combination of spreading of the sheets 12a, 1212, etc. and realignment thereof.

Referring also to FIGURE 4, it will be seen that the bowing in the central portion 36a of the bar 30 is shown in exaggerated manner for purposes of simplification. In other respects, the plurality of spaced adjustable mounting means 22 through 27 are shown with parts corresponding to those already described in connection with FIGURES 2 and 3 indicated by the corresponding reference numerals.

Referring now to FIGURE 5, it will be seen that there is shown in FIGURE 5 an essentially diagrammatic top plan view of a guiding arrangement 40 embodying the instant invention, wherein the guide bar 30 is shown diagrammatically. In the device 40, a plurality of substantially uniplanar traveling sheets 12 through 12f pass in the direction indicated by the arrows over the guide bar 30 and against the first drum of a winding device 13c. The spaces S-5 through S-S shown therebetween are shown in exaggerated form for purposes of simplification. The guide bar 36 has a spreading effect upon the group of sheets 12 through 12j so as to effect an increase in the spaces S-S through 8-8 as a result of contact with the bar 30. The compound bow of the bar 30 has a selfcorrecting effect so that the individual sheets 121, 12g, etc. passing thereover do not converge immediately after passing over the bar 30. Nor are they forced out of alignment to such an extent that they will wind spirally or improperly in the windup arrangement 130. It will be appreciated that, if the sheets 12 and 12g, for example, were to converge immediately after passing over the bar 30, or at any time during windup in the windup device 130, there would result an interlocking between the rolls ultimately formed (i.e. the rolls indicated at 14a, 14b in FIGURE 1) along the contiguous faces of the rolls. This interlocking must be avoided, but it cannot be avoided at the expense of directing the individual sheets 121, 12g, etc. at such angles to the direction of travel (indicated by the arrows in FIGURE 5) that the sheets will wind up upon themselves in a spiral fashion, or will wrinkle or fold upon themselves or otherwise be defective.

Although the compound bar arrangement indicated in FIGURE 5 is advantageous for a number of purposes, it has also been found that particularly in certain cases there are additional advantages in the use of a reverse compound bar in conjunction with the first compound bowed D bar spreader hereinbefore described, and indicated by the reference numeral 30. This embodiment is shown in FIGURE 6 wherein all of the elements of FIGURE 5 are shown by primed reference numerals corresponding to those shown in FIGURE 5. The additional element in FIGURE 6 is the reversed compound bowed D bar spreader indicated generally at 50. The D bar spreader '50 is bowed against the traveling sheets 12', and 12'g, etc. to the same extent as is indicated best in FIGURE 2 hereinbefore described. In other words, it is bowed so as to penetrate centrally into the so-called plane P-P of the sheets to substantially the extent indicated in FIGURE 2. On the other hand, the bowed D bar spreader 50 in FIG- URE 6 is also bowed in its central portion 50a in a direction opposite to the direction of travel of the individual sheets 12' l2g, etc. The bowing of the central portion 50a of the bar 50 in the reverse direction and opposite to the direction of web travel is carried out to an extent corresponding to the forward bowing of the central portion 30a of the first bar 30' shown in FIGURE 6, so as to effect alignment of the sheets 12' 12'g, etc., as separated by the first guide bar 30, in the direction of travel so as to substantially maintain the spacing S'5 through S'-8 which is effected by the combined effect of the two bars 30' and St The guide bar 50 provides an additional correction in the alignment of the sheets 12 12g which is particularly important in many operations, in that its net effect in conjunction with the bar 30 is to substantially align the sheet 12'), for example, in a direction D1 that is substantially parallel with the direction D-2 of the immediately adjacent sheet 12 In the preferred embodiment of the invention the D bar 30 penetrates the plane P-'P of the sheets 12a through He (i.e. is deflected against the sheets) in an amount equal to about 0. 1 to about 0.5 inch per 100 inches of D bar width; and the bar 30 is deflected centrally in the direction of travel of the web sheets about 0.1 to about 0.5 inchper 100 inches of width. The deflection of the bar 50 (FIGURE 6) is the same except that'itsdeflection with' respect to the direction of sheet travel is opposite to the direction of travel, rather than in the same direction.

It will be appreciated that separate and independent means are provided for deflection of the bar 30 against the sheets 12a, etc. and in the direction of sheet travel.

The angle between the oncoming sheet (12a) portion approaching the bar 30 and the off-running portion of the same sheet 12a leaving the bar '30 isfslightly less than 180", being preferably within the range of 175 to 179 /2 It will be understood'that modifications and variations 7 may be effected without departing from the spirit and scope of the novel concepts of the present invention.

I claim as my invention: 1 1. Guide means for a plurality of substantially uniplanar traveling sheets, comprising a first stationary guide bar engaging one side of said sheets, said guide bar being bowed in the center against the sheets and in the direction of travel of said sheets to separate the sheets transversely to the direction of sheet travel and a second stationary guide bar closely spaced from the first in the direction of web travel, said second guide bar being bowed in the center'against the sheets and away from the direction of travel of said sheets to align the'sheets, as separated by the first guide bar, in the direction of travel so as to substantially maintain the spacing therebetween effected by said first guide bar.

2. Guide means for substantially uniplanar travelling sheets comprising, a guide ba-r held against rotation and engaging one side of said sheets, and mounting means for the guide bar spaced laterally to the direction of sheet travel maintaining the bar bowed centrally in the direction of travel of said sheets, said mounting means including means for bowing the guide bar centrally against the sheets to separate the sheets from each other in a direction transverse to the direction of sheet travel.

' 3. Guide means for substantially uniplanar travelling sheets comprising, a guide bar held against rotation and engaging one side of said sheets, and mounting means for the guide bar spaced laterally to the direction of sheet travel maintaining the bar bowed centrally in the eluding adjustable means for adjustably bowing the guide bar centrally against the sheets to separate the sheets firorn each other in a direction transverse to the direction of sheet travel.

4. Guide means tor substantially unipla-nar travelling sheets in accordance with claim 3 and including a second stationary guide bar closely spaced from the first in the direction of web travel, said second guide bar being bowed in the center against the sheets and away from the direction of travel of said sheets to align the sheets, separated by the first guide bar, in the direction of travel so as to substantially maintain the spacing therebetween effective by said first guide means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 674,919 Jefieris May 28, 1901 1,638,560 Beveridge Aug. 9, 1927 2,496,312 Robertson Feb. 7,1950 2,960,277 Moser Nov. 15, 1960

Claims (1)

  1. 2. GUIDE MEANS FOR SUBSTANTIALLY UNIPLANAR TRAVELLING SHEETS COMRPISING, A GUIDE BAR HELD AGAINST ROTATION AND ENGAGING ONE SIDE OF SAID SHEETS, AND MOUNTING MEANS FOR THE GUIDE BAR SPACED LATERALLY TO THE DIRECTION OF SHEET TRAVEL MAINTAINING THE BAR BOWED CENTRALLY IN THE DIRECTION OF TRAVEL SHEETS, SAID MOUNTING MEANS INCLUDING MEANS FOR BOWING THE GUIDE BAR CENTRALLY AGAINST THE
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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3229881A (en) * 1962-10-17 1966-01-18 Driam Sa Strip stock feeding mechanism with tensioning means
US3266743A (en) * 1963-10-22 1966-08-16 Samuel M Langston Co Bow type web spreading means
US3271835A (en) * 1964-02-27 1966-09-13 Hadley Company Inc Fabric tensioning device for shearing mechanisms
US3332124A (en) * 1964-10-13 1967-07-25 Edward S Beard Straightening bar attachment for tubular knit fabric feeder
US3406924A (en) * 1965-07-09 1968-10-22 Stamco Inc Apparatus for winding coils of metal strip material
US3452913A (en) * 1965-12-06 1969-07-01 Singer Cobble Ltd Web supporting rollers
US3463377A (en) * 1966-11-09 1969-08-26 Beloit Eastern Corp Web separator
US3667380A (en) * 1970-09-03 1972-06-06 Kleinewefers Soehne Maschf Smoothing ruler for paper glazing calenders
US4239141A (en) * 1978-11-22 1980-12-16 Lenox Machine Company, Inc. Web spreader
US4245675A (en) * 1977-10-20 1981-01-20 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Weaving loom with improved guide means for fabric
US4272201A (en) * 1980-02-19 1981-06-09 International Business Machines Corporation Ribbon shaper for typewriter cartridge
FR2549456A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-25 Waertsilae Oy Ab Spreading device for transverse displacement of a sheet by means of a mechanism spreading adjustable curvature
US4830302A (en) * 1983-04-08 1989-05-16 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film winding apparatus
US4832274A (en) * 1987-03-05 1989-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film winding apparatus and method
US5855672A (en) * 1995-05-20 1999-01-05 Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh Stationary sliding bar
US20030200636A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Morman Michael Tod Slit neck spunbond process and material
EP1437442A2 (en) * 2002-11-22 2004-07-14 Voith Paper Patent GmbH Apparatus for guiding a running wet web

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US674919A (en) * 1901-03-07 1901-05-28 John Parker Jefferis Web slitting and winding apparatus.
US1638560A (en) * 1922-09-06 1927-08-09 R Hoe And Co Inc Wrinkle remover for web rolls
US2496312A (en) * 1946-05-28 1950-02-07 John D Robertson Bow correcting apparatus
US2960277A (en) * 1956-07-27 1960-11-15 Samuel M Langston Co Web winding machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US674919A (en) * 1901-03-07 1901-05-28 John Parker Jefferis Web slitting and winding apparatus.
US1638560A (en) * 1922-09-06 1927-08-09 R Hoe And Co Inc Wrinkle remover for web rolls
US2496312A (en) * 1946-05-28 1950-02-07 John D Robertson Bow correcting apparatus
US2960277A (en) * 1956-07-27 1960-11-15 Samuel M Langston Co Web winding machine

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3229881A (en) * 1962-10-17 1966-01-18 Driam Sa Strip stock feeding mechanism with tensioning means
US3266743A (en) * 1963-10-22 1966-08-16 Samuel M Langston Co Bow type web spreading means
US3271835A (en) * 1964-02-27 1966-09-13 Hadley Company Inc Fabric tensioning device for shearing mechanisms
US3332124A (en) * 1964-10-13 1967-07-25 Edward S Beard Straightening bar attachment for tubular knit fabric feeder
US3406924A (en) * 1965-07-09 1968-10-22 Stamco Inc Apparatus for winding coils of metal strip material
US3452913A (en) * 1965-12-06 1969-07-01 Singer Cobble Ltd Web supporting rollers
US3463377A (en) * 1966-11-09 1969-08-26 Beloit Eastern Corp Web separator
US3667380A (en) * 1970-09-03 1972-06-06 Kleinewefers Soehne Maschf Smoothing ruler for paper glazing calenders
US4245675A (en) * 1977-10-20 1981-01-20 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Weaving loom with improved guide means for fabric
US4239141A (en) * 1978-11-22 1980-12-16 Lenox Machine Company, Inc. Web spreader
US4272201A (en) * 1980-02-19 1981-06-09 International Business Machines Corporation Ribbon shaper for typewriter cartridge
US4830302A (en) * 1983-04-08 1989-05-16 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film winding apparatus
DE3426899A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-31 Waertsilae Oy Ab Apparatus for a transverse pull apart a running web
US4669646A (en) * 1983-07-22 1987-06-02 Oy Wartsila Ab Arrangement for web spreading
FR2549456A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-25 Waertsilae Oy Ab Spreading device for transverse displacement of a sheet by means of a mechanism spreading adjustable curvature
US4832274A (en) * 1987-03-05 1989-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film winding apparatus and method
US5855672A (en) * 1995-05-20 1999-01-05 Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh Stationary sliding bar
US6174368B1 (en) 1995-05-20 2001-01-16 Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh Stationary sliding bar
US6402842B1 (en) 1995-05-20 2002-06-11 Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen Gmbh Stationary sliding bar
US20030200636A1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Morman Michael Tod Slit neck spunbond process and material
US6785937B2 (en) * 2002-04-24 2004-09-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Slit neck spunbond process and material
EP1437442A2 (en) * 2002-11-22 2004-07-14 Voith Paper Patent GmbH Apparatus for guiding a running wet web
EP1437442A3 (en) * 2002-11-22 2006-08-02 Voith Paper Patent GmbH Apparatus for guiding a running wet web

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