US3099870A - Quick release mechanism - Google Patents

Quick release mechanism Download PDF

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US3099870A
US3099870A US142444A US14244461A US3099870A US 3099870 A US3099870 A US 3099870A US 142444 A US142444 A US 142444A US 14244461 A US14244461 A US 14244461A US 3099870 A US3099870 A US 3099870A
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Prior art keywords
post
push button
bayonet
lever
end
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US142444A
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Henry W Seeler
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Henry W Seeler
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/08Component parts for gas-masks or gas-helmets, e.g. windows, straps, speech transmitters, signal-devices
    • A62B18/084Means for fastening gas-masks to heads or helmets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45602Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity
    • Y10T24/45623Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity and operator therefor
    • Y10T24/4566Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity and operator therefor including slidably connected and guided element on receiving member
    • Y10T24/4567Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity and operator therefor including slidably connected and guided element on receiving member for shifting slidably connected and guided, nonself-biasing, interlocking component

Description

Aug. 6, 1963 H. w. SEELER 3,099,870

QUICK RELEASE MECHANISM Filed Oct. 2, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.

HENRY W. SEELER ATTORNP FS 1963 H. w. SEELER 3,099,870

QUICK RELEASE MECHANISM Filed Oct. 2, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. HENRY W. SEE R "Ll/ME wow-M '1.

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,099,870 QUICK RELEASE MECHANISM Henry W. Seeler, Dayton, Ghio, assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force Filed 0st. 2, 1961, Ser. No. 142,444

8 Claims. (Cl. 24-230) (Granted under Title 35, U.S. Code (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the United States Government for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to a new and improved quick release mechanism that is particularly useful when it is mounted adjacent the edge of a helmet or the like, as a mask securing device for a bayonet that is releasably engaged by the mechanism.

In the past, mechanisms for attaching straps between masks and helmets have commonly been somewhat cumbersome and under tension opened the mask-to-skin seal. Modern oxygen masks are lightweight; they have thin walls and consequently they are more com'foratable to wear than were previously available heavier masks. Heavy release mechanisms suspended on the outside of the helmet and with bayonets engaging the mechanism outside of the helmet, as applied to lightweight, .thinwalled, oxygen masks drag on the masks and when the bayonets are inserted into or are removed from the mechanisms the action objeotionably opens the seal between the mask and the face by pulling the mask apart and permitting the loss of gas.

Previously available quick release mechanisms have consisted of unnecessarily complicated hook arrangements, both with and without safety locks. The devices have not been foolproof when used with lightweight masks and have not been as dependable in operation as is desirable.

The object of this invention is to provide a simple, lightweight, foolproof, dependable and rapidly rfunctioning push button operated, quick release mechanism of improved design as compared with previously available pieces of apparatus, for the same or for comparable service.

The quick release mechanism that is disclosed herein is small, lightweight and compact and is conveniently mounted to extend through the wall of a helmet to which it is attached, such that the mask to skin seal is not broken by moderate stresses and is not opened with the attaching or the releasing of straps that secure the mask or helmet in place on the wearer. This improvement is of particular importance with modern, lightweight, comfontable masks which harnesses are stretching the mask seal away from their contact with the wearers face by the earlier, more cumbersome and more heavy quick release mechanisms instead of keeping the harness close to the face, as accomplished in the subject invention.

Illustrative and successfully operating embodiments of the present invention are shown in the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a mechanism that embodies the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional, elevational view of the mechanism, taken along the line 2--2 of FIG. .1;

(FIG. 3 is a plan view from below, with the bottom plate removed, of the mechanism that is shown in FIG. 1, taken about from the line 3--3 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary, partly sectioned, depressed button view of the mechanism shown in FIG. 1, mounted adjacent the edge of a helmet to attach to the helmet a modern lightweight oxygen mask, with the strap at- Patented Aug. 6, 1963 "ice taching bayonet inside of the helmet released and ready ifOl' being withdrawn from its tunnel or socket in the edge of the helmet.

FIG. 5 is a sectional View of the funnel taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a plan view from above of the bayonet in FIG. 4;

FIG. 7 is an edge elevational view of the bayonet in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary, enlarged, elevational and sectional view of a modified type of mechanism that embodies the present invention, shown in full lines in its bayonet retaining condition and in dash lines in its bayonet releasing condition;

FIG. 9 is a plan view from below, partly in section, of a ratchet type of bayonet in its funnel or socket; and

FIG. 10 is an enlarged, fragmentary ed-ge, sectional view of the rack and ratchet modification shown in FIG. 9.

The quick releasing device that is shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, inclusive, of the drawings comprises a push button -1 that may be depressed down into its housing 2 to raise a centrally positioned bayonet retaining post 3 up out of its engagement with a bayonet that is attached to the end of a strap.

The housing 2 terminates downwardly in a flanged edge and is closed by a lever supporting fulcnum plate 4 that is secured to the housing flange by a desired number of screws, rivets or bolts 5.

The post 3 terminates upwardly in a cap 6 that is yieldingly depressed by a coil spring 7. The post 3 terminates downwardly in a friction face that is inclined to the axis of the post. The coil spring 7 is interposed between the lower or inner surface of the push button 1 and the top of the post cap 6. The push button 1 terminates downwardly in a skirt portion that is inside of the housing 2 and outside of the post cap 6.

The lower edge of the push button skirt is slotted to accommodate a desired plurality of lever arms 8. Each lever arm 8 is of substantially splayed J-shape, with a longer arm apernrred to be journalled on a steel wire ring 9. The wire ring 9 seats in a groove in the outer surface of the push button skirt. The ends of the wire ring 9 are secured together. Each lever arm 8 extends through a slot in the downwardly extending flange 10 of the post cap 6.

A locator pin 11 has its base end secured firmly in the lever supporting fulcrum plate 4 and extends upwardly between the push button skirt and the post cap edge. The pin 11 aligns both the push button 1 'and the post cap 6 by being positioned in a pair of registering slots in the inner surface of the button skirt and in the outer surface of the flange 10 of the post cap 6, as indicated at 12 in FIG. 3.

The push button operated mechanism in FIG. 1 is shown in FIG. 4, partly in section mounted adjacent to the edge of a helmet by bolts 5 that extend through the helmet wall 15. The side of the helmet 15 that is to contact the wearers head beneath the quick release mechanism has connected thereto a comfortable material 16 of sponge rubber or the like. The rubber material 16 houses a metal bayonet Scabbard or funnel '17 of slot-shape into which the bayonet 18 makes sliding entry. The bayonet is commonly attached to a mask strap, not shown. The funnel is mounted inside the helmet between the helmet wall and the head of the wearer, which provides a good seal between the wearers face and his mask.

The tunnel 17 is of rigid material such as a firm plastic, spun glass metal or the like, and is adhered firmly to the cushioning rubber material 1.6. The tunnel 17 has a flange portion 19 that overlaps both the rubber 16 and the edge of the helmet material 15 and is firmly bonded to both. The funnel preferably has a wide mouth to make it easy to slip the bayonet intothe funnel Without looking. The funnel 17 is apertured for the uninhibited insertion through the funnel wall of the tip of the post 3. The tip of the post 3 serves as a bayonet detent by extending into an aperture'20 in the attaching end of the bayonet 18. The funnel 17 firmly supports the lower side .of the bayonet'lfi at the remote end 'of the. funnel and forwardly well beneath the post 3 so that the retention of, the. post 3 Within the bayonet post receiving aperture 20 remains assured. The bayonet 18 has a slot 21 remote. from the post receiving aperture 20 to receive-the mask attaching strap,. not shown, and between a pair of upstanding ears 22 and 23 for use in handling the bayonet; The bayonet '18 is positively retained within its scabbard or fuunel17 as long as the post 3 projects into the bayonet aperture 20.

The bayonet 18 is instantly released on the depression of the button '1. The. depression of the button 1 against the yielding resistance of the coil spring 7 and acting through the steel wire ring 9, applies force to the attached end of the U-shaped lever arm. This force is applied by the lever fulcrum to the fulcrum supporting'plate 4 and the applied force is delivered by the load end of .the lever 8 against the lower surface of the post cap 6 where it lifts the post 3-. up out of the aperture 20 in the bayonet18, as indicated in FIG. 4 of the drawing.

The bayonet 18 is engaged by the mechanism upon the insertion of the bayonet into the funnel'17 and pressing the tip of the bayonet against the inclined face onthe lower end of the post =3 with sufiicient force to raise the postagainst the yielding resistance of the spring 7 until the tip of the post 3 slips into the aperture 20 of the bayonet18. The lining comprising the funnel 17 must be of ample strength and dimensions to support thelower surface of the bayonet during this procedure and to thereafter positively support the bayonet securely over the post 3. This function may be assisted by a notch in the post 3' at its lower end and on its sideremote from its inclined face if desired, as is shown by the notch 25 in FIG. 8 of the drawings.

Modifications of the present invention are shown in FIGS. 8, 9 and 10 of the drawings. Parts of these modifications' that correspond with parts in FIGS. 1 to 7, inclusive, are primed or double primed.

The device in'FIG. 8 comprises a push button 26 within a housing 2 that is secured by bolts to the. helmet 15 adjacent the edge thereof, with a soft rubber cushion 16' interposed between the helmet and the wearers head.

'The push button 26 is shouldered to rest upwardly against the upper flange of its housing 2 under the expansion of a coil spring 27 that rests downwardly on the top of the cap 28 'of the post 29. The post 29 terminates downwardly in an inclined face against which the tip of the bayonet 18 is pressed in elevating the post 29 against the resilience of the spring 27 until the lower end of the post 29 enters the aperture 20 of the bayonet. Thelower tip of the post 29 substantially contacts the inner surface of the funnel 17' so that the bayonet is restrained from slipping over the end of the post 29.

The release of the bayonet 18 is accomplished by the depression of the push button 26, as indicated in dash lines in FIG. 8. The depression of the push button 26 .lowers its depending skirt portion and the force end of each of a desired plurality, such as three, of levers 30. The force end of each lever 30 is positioned within an aperture in the push button skirt. The lever fulcrum rests on the fulcrum supporting plate 4' and slides on the plate 4' as the lever force end is depressed to raise the lever weight end 31. The lever weight end 31 illustratively is of cylindrical shape in a correspondingly shaped socket in the post 29-at its junction with its cap 28.

Force from the push button 26 applied downwardly ,lowers the force end of the leverand raises the tip of the -post 29 up, out of the aperture 20 in the bayonet 18 and thereby permits the release of the bayonet and the strap to an end of which the bayonet is connected. The expansion of the coil spring '27 returns the push button 26 and the post 29 to their extended and rest positions. The pin 11 may if preferred, again be resorted to in FIG. 8 to positively arrest the rotation of the push button 26 and post 29 with. respect to the plate 4.

.A.modificatiou in the bayonet I8-and its funnel or scabbard is illustrated in FIGS. 9 and 10 of the drawings. -In this modification the bayonet 18' has welded thereto at 35 in FIG. 10, a rack 36 with a wedge-shaped end that fits between a pair of teeth of a ratchet 37 that is a part of the funnel :17".' This rack and'ratchet modification of the device adjusts it for comfortable use with different faces that are round, long, fat, narrow or the like with amin-imumofup or down adjustment and with an assured strap attaching dependability and a mask that maintains an unbroken air seal against the face at all times.

-'It is to be understood that the parts and their arrangementand operation of the quick release mechanism that is disclosed herein are submitted as a successfully operable deviceunder allnormal-service conditions and that similarly functioning modifications may be made therein without departing from the-spirit-and scope of the present invention.

I claim:

1. A quick release mechanism comprising a push'button positionedinwardly of a rigid housing means, a post having acap portion that is structurally continuously integral with a shaft portion, expansible spring means interposed between the push button and the post cap portion, lever means interposed between the push button and the post cap portion and actuated by the push button for causing the displacement of the post with respect to the push button, and the housing means protectively substantially inclosing the mechanism.

2. The mechanism defined by the above claim 1 wherein the depression of the push button displacesv the post toward the push button.

3. The mechanism defined by the above claim 1 whereinthe, lever means. applies force to the post cap portion on the depression of the push button.

-. 4.v The mechanism defined by the above claim 1 wherein the lever meansis of a splayed J-shape with one end attached .to apart of the push button.

5. The mechanism defined by the aboveclaim 1 where- .in the leverv means has one .end disposed in an aperture in a part of the push button.

' 6. A quick release. mechanism comprising a push but- .ton having a depending skirt and positioned within a downwardly closedhousing disposed protectively outwardly of the push button, a lever fulcrum supporting plate closing the lowerend ofthe housing and apertured centrally, a spring means supporting the push button, a post terminating upwardly in a cap portion that supports the spring at its end remote from [the push button and the post terminating; downwardly in a friction face. that is in clinedtothe axis of the post and the postmoving through the centralaperture-in the lever fulcrum supporting plate,

aplurality of leversthat each consists of a. forceend remote from a weight end and with a fulcrum part between the two ends [of each lever such that force applied by' the skirt portion of the push button to the force end of the lever and applied by the lever fulcrum to the lever fulcrum supporting plate that closes the lower end .of the housing is transmitted by the-lever weight end to the post cap and causes the post to approach the push button.

7. A quick release mechanism comprising a mechanism operating push button, a housing down into which .the push button may be depressed, means securingzthe and the bottom plate supporting the lever means fulcrum ion the depression of the push button, an inner post having a cap portion with a mating socket in the lower side thereof for engagement by the load end of the lever means on the depression 0f the push button in applying a lifting force to the inner post on the depression of the push button, spring means interposed between the lower side of the push button and the upper side of the inner post oap portion in yieldingly maintaining the push button and post separated from each other, and a funnel overlying the end of the post remote from the push button and adapted for receiving a bayonet apertured adjacent to its unattached end for entering the funnel and being engaged by the lower end of the post and retained thereby within the funnel.

8. The quick release mechanism for being attached to a rigid support that comprises a rigid housing for attaching the mechanism and for providing protection against the unintentional aotuatiton of the release of the mechanism, a centrally apentured lever fulcrum supporting plate attached along its periphery to and closing the lower part of the housing, a push button hollow shell upwardly removably closing the housing and having a depending skirt portion terminating downwardly in a peripheral edge and inclosed within the housing, a post within the push button with a shaft portion that extends downwardly through the central aperture in the lever fulcrum supporting plate and with an upwardly disposed cap portion, a coil spring interposed between and yieldingly maintaining separated (the push button shell and the cap portion of the post, a plurality of lever arms secured at one end to the skirt of the push button hollow shell remote from a lever end bearing against the lower face of the post cap portion and each lever arm portion intermediate its ends bearing slidingly against the upper face of the lever fulcrum supponting plate, a rubber material attached to the side of the rigid support remote from the lever fulcrum supporting plate and apertured for the passage of the push button post shaft portion, and a funnel having a flange portion secured to the rigid support and firmly bonded to the rubber material and with one side adjacent the rigid support apertuned for the insertion of the end of the push button post shaft portion into the aperture in the funnel.

References Qited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,668,997 Irvin Feb. 16, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 738,989 Great Britain Oct. 26, 1955

Claims (1)

1. A QUICK RELEASE MECHANISM COMPRISING A PUSH BUTTON POSITIONED INWARDLY OF A RIGID HOUSING MEANS, A POST HAVING A CAP PORTION THAT IS STRUCTURALLY CONTINUOUSLY INTEGRAL WITH A SHAFT PORTION, EXPANSIBLE SPRING MEANS INTERPOSED BETWEEN THE PUSH BUTTON AND THE POST CAP PORTION, LEVER MEANS INTERPOSED BETWEEN THE PUSH BUTTON AND THE
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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3538558A (en) * 1967-05-10 1970-11-10 Romac Ind Ltd Automobile safety belt buckles
DE1557478B (en) * 1967-10-06 1972-03-16 Lindblad Stig Martin Buckle for seat belts
DE3124753A1 (en) * 1981-06-24 1983-01-13 Bernhardt Apparatebau Gmbh Co Releasing device for parts of equipment, in particular breathing masks, for parachutists
US20110135457A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-06-09 Cooper Paul V Molten metal pump rotor
US20110140320A1 (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-06-16 Cooper Paul V Rotary degasser and rotor therefor
US20110142603A1 (en) * 2009-09-08 2011-06-16 Cooper Paul V Molten metal pump filter
US8337746B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2012-12-25 Cooper Paul V Transferring molten metal from one structure to another
US8361379B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-01-29 Cooper Paul V Gas transfer foot
US8366993B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2013-02-05 Cooper Paul V System and method for degassing molten metal
US8409495B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-04-02 Paul V. Cooper Rotor with inlet perimeters
US8440135B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-05-14 Paul V. Cooper System for releasing gas into molten metal
US8444911B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-05-21 Paul V. Cooper Shaft and post tensioning device
US8449814B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-05-28 Paul V. Cooper Systems and methods for melting scrap metal
US8475708B2 (en) * 2003-07-14 2013-07-02 Paul V. Cooper Support post clamps for molten metal pumps
US8524146B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-09-03 Paul V. Cooper Rotary degassers and components therefor
US8529828B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-09-10 Paul V. Cooper Molten metal pump components
US8613884B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2013-12-24 Paul V. Cooper Launder transfer insert and system
US9011761B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2015-04-21 Paul V. Cooper Ladle with transfer conduit
US9108244B2 (en) 2009-09-09 2015-08-18 Paul V. Cooper Immersion heater for molten metal
US9156087B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2015-10-13 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer system and rotor
US9205490B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2015-12-08 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transfer well system and method for making same
US9410744B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2016-08-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Vessel transfer insert and system
US9409232B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2016-08-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer vessel and method of construction
US9643247B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-05-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer and degassing system
US9903383B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2018-02-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal rotor with hardened top
US10052688B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-08-21 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transfer pump launder system
US10138892B2 (en) 2014-07-02 2018-11-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotor and rotor shaft for molten metal
US10267314B2 (en) 2016-01-13 2019-04-23 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Tensioned support shaft and other molten metal devices
US10428821B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2019-10-01 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Quick submergence molten metal pump
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US2668997A (en) * 1944-11-16 1954-02-16 Irving Air Chute Co Inc Parachute equipment
GB738989A (en) * 1952-12-24 1955-10-26 Frank Bernard Harley Improvements relating to buckles

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2668997A (en) * 1944-11-16 1954-02-16 Irving Air Chute Co Inc Parachute equipment
GB738989A (en) * 1952-12-24 1955-10-26 Frank Bernard Harley Improvements relating to buckles

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3538558A (en) * 1967-05-10 1970-11-10 Romac Ind Ltd Automobile safety belt buckles
DE1557478B (en) * 1967-10-06 1972-03-16 Lindblad Stig Martin Buckle for seat belts
DE3124753A1 (en) * 1981-06-24 1983-01-13 Bernhardt Apparatebau Gmbh Co Releasing device for parts of equipment, in particular breathing masks, for parachutists
US8529828B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-09-10 Paul V. Cooper Molten metal pump components
US9034244B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2015-05-19 Paul V. Cooper Gas-transfer foot
US9435343B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2016-09-06 Molten Meal Equipment Innovations, LLC Gas-transfer foot
US8361379B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-01-29 Cooper Paul V Gas transfer foot
US8409495B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-04-02 Paul V. Cooper Rotor with inlet perimeters
US8440135B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2013-05-14 Paul V. Cooper System for releasing gas into molten metal
US8475708B2 (en) * 2003-07-14 2013-07-02 Paul V. Cooper Support post clamps for molten metal pumps
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US8337746B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2012-12-25 Cooper Paul V Transferring molten metal from one structure to another
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US9566645B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-02-14 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer system and rotor
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US9205490B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2015-12-08 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transfer well system and method for making same
US10072891B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-09-11 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transferring molten metal using non-gravity assist launder
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US9506129B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-11-29 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotary degasser and rotor therefor
US9080577B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2015-07-14 Paul V. Cooper Shaft and post tensioning device
US8524146B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-09-03 Paul V. Cooper Rotary degassers and components therefor
US8449814B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-05-28 Paul V. Cooper Systems and methods for melting scrap metal
US8444911B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2013-05-21 Paul V. Cooper Shaft and post tensioning device
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US10126059B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-11-13 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Controlled molten metal flow from transfer vessel
US10322451B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2019-06-18 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transfer pump launder system
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US10138892B2 (en) 2014-07-02 2018-11-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotor and rotor shaft for molten metal
US10465688B2 (en) 2015-07-02 2019-11-05 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Coupling and rotor shaft for molten metal devices
US10267314B2 (en) 2016-01-13 2019-04-23 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Tensioned support shaft and other molten metal devices

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