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Facial muscle and tissue conditioning device

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Publication number
US3091237A
US3091237A US2945560A US3091237A US 3091237 A US3091237 A US 3091237A US 2945560 A US2945560 A US 2945560A US 3091237 A US3091237 A US 3091237A
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Prior art keywords
air
device
facial
envelope
muscle
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Clawson N Skinner
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Clawson N Skinner
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H9/00Pneumatic or hydraulic massage, e.g. sprays
    • A61H9/005Pneumatic massage
    • A61H9/0078With intermittent or alternately inflated bladders or cuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1604Head
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/02Head
    • A61H2205/022Face
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/008Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters
    • A63B21/0085Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters using pneumatic force-resisters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/025Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the head or the neck
    • A63B23/03Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the head or the neck for face muscles
    • A63B23/032Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the head or the neck for face muscles for insertion in the mouth
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/20Inflatable splint

Description

May 28, 1963 c. N. SKINNER 3,091,237

FACIAL MUSCLE AND TISSUE CONDITIONING DEVICE Filed May 16, 1960 INVENTOR. CLAWSON N. SKINNER Unite tat This invention relates to muscle conditioning devices and more particularly to a facial muscle conditioner and blood flow promoting device specially designed for use by the individual to improve and maintain the tone of the facial muscular complex.

It is a well established physiological fact that the tone and healthy condition of muscle complexes require proper exercising, flexing and tensioning. Otherwise such complexes become lax and flabby. One of the major contributing reasons is the lack of sufficient blood seepage through infrequently exercised muscle complexes permitting such tissues to receive insufficient nourishment to maintain their full vigor and strength. It is well known that much of the blood circulation takes place through a network of microscopic capillary passages.

For the most part the blood seepage through this fine network occurs in response to alternate tensioning and relaxation of the muscle fibers crossing these passages. Unused muscle complexes remain untensioned for long periods with the result that there is slight or no blood circulation causing the muscle tissues to remain undernourished.

By the present invention there is provided a simple, inexpensive device comprising a thin walled flexible envelope designed to be accommodated in the mouth cavity directly in contact with the interior walls of the cheeks. Inflation of this envelope under a suitable pressure forc ibly tensions adjacent muscle complexes thereby making it much easier for the subject to massage and manipulate these tissues either with or without the aid of finger manipulation applied on the outer surfaces of the face. In this manner the exercise and beneficial flexing of the facial muscle complex is greatly simplified and facilitated.

Alternatively, the operator can alternately inflate and deflate the envelope to provide controlled exercise of the facial tissues with little or no efiort on his part save that required to operate the inflation or deflation control. In consequence, the muscle tone of the facial tissues can be restored in a relatively brief period of time and/or the desired muscle tone level can be maintained over a period of many years by periodic use of the present device for a few minutes daily.

Accordingly, it is a primary object of this invention to provide a new and improved device for exercising and maintaining the tone of the facial muscle complex.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a simple, inexpensive, inflatable envelope adapted to be inserted against the interior surfaces of the cheeks and alternately inflated and deflated to facilitate exercise of the facial tissues.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a method and apparatus usable within the mouth cavity for exercising the facial tissues.

These and other more specific objects will appear upon reading the following specification and claims and upon considering in connection therewith the attached drawing to which they relate.

Referring now to the drawing in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view showing a device incorporating the present invention in place in the mouth of a subject;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view on an enlarged scale taken along line 22 on FIGURE 1 and showing the envelope under inflated conditions;

3,fll,237 Patented May 28, 1963 FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the invention with portions cut away to show details of the check valve in open position to pass inflating air to the envelope; and

FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 showing the valve in closed position.

Referring now to FIGURES l to 4, there is shown a preferred embodiment of the facial muscle conditioning device designated generally 10 and incorporating the features of the present invention. The device comprises a dumbbell-shaped envelope 11 formed from thin-walled flexible, impervious material the interior of which communicates through a tube 12 with a suitable inflating device as air pump 13.

As here shown, envelope .11 is formed from two sheets 14 and 15 of thin sheet plastic, as polyethylene, heatsealed together along their juxtaposed perimeters 16. In a preferred form of the envelope the opposite ends :18 and 19 are of generally circular contour to form disc-like inflatable chambers 26. These two chambers 20' are interconnected by the flat tubular connection 21 adapted to be disposed in use against the interior of the patients lips, this tube being connected to air pump 13 by the aforementioned flexible tube 12.

Air pump '13 may be of any suitable form capable of supplying air under slight pressure to inflate conditioning device 10. As here shown, the pump comprises a well known resilient squeeze bulb 13 provided with any suitably shaped valve (not shown) in its closed end which opens to admit air but closes to prevent backflow of the air when the bulb is squeezed. Accordingly, by squeezing bulb 13 the air trapped therein is forced through tube '12 to inflate the conditioning device.

The escape of air delivered to device 10 is prevented by any suitable valve control mechanism located in tube 12. One suitable form of check valve is shown in FIGURE 3 as comprising a ball valve '23 mounted for limited movement within a valve housing 24 having a valve seat 25. In the FIGURE 3 position of the parts, bulb 13 is being squeezed to supply air to the device to inflate it and valve 23 is then held in open position by the air flow. As soon as pressure on the bulb is released, the pressure of the air in the envelope will close valve 23 against seat 25.

Any suitable means may be provided for releasing the air from the conditioning device to deflate it such as the release valve 27 normally held seated by a light spring 28 against the outer end of release tube 29. This tube opens into the side of tube 12 upstream from check valve 23. A small extension 30 or other suitable means operatively associated with valve 27 can be manipulated by the operator to press the valve toward open position to release the inflating air from device 10.

The mode of using the facial muscle conditioner will be readily understood from the foregoing description of the device itself and the showing made in FIGURES 1 and 2. The subject first installs the device within that portion of the mouth cavity on the exterior side of the teeth with one wall of device It positioned against the interior side walls of the two cheek areas with tube 12 extending outwardly between the lips. The subject then closes the mouth and squeezes bulb 13 one or more times as necessary to inflate the envelope to bulge the cheeks outwardly and to place the tissues under slight tension. Valves 23 and 27 remain closed automatically after inflation and the subject may manipulate the facial muscles without contact by the fingers. Or, if desired, finger pressure may be applied to the outside of the face to aid the muscles in efforts to relax and tension them alternately in opposition to the pressure applied by the inflated envelope. This action greatly facilitates the seepage of nutrient blood through both the facial tissues and the adjacent tissues of the alveolar ridges in a most beneficial manner with minimum exertion by the subject.

3 According to the alternate mode of using the device, the envelope is placed and inflated'in the manner just described and after a brief interval the air is permitted to escape by finger pressure applied to operator 30 for the release valve 27. According to this mode of use, repeated inflation and deflationof the device is utilized to I provide the desired and beneficial exercising of the tissues.

- pair of identical blanks of supple film-thin sheet plastic material having smooth-surfaced faces, said blanks each having generally circular enlargements at their. opposite ends interconnected by a relatively narrow strip having generally parallel opposite lateral edges, a long narrow strip extending from one lateral edge of said narrow strip and integral therewith, all edges of said two blanks being in direct registry with one another and being bonded together throughout their peripheral rim edges except transversely of said last mentioned long narrow strips, thereby to provide an inflatable envelope and an attached small diameter long flexible air inlet tube extending laterally from one bonded edge thereof, said envelope being of a size to 'be received in the oral cavity between the exterior of the closed teeth and the juxtaposed surfaces of the facial muscle complex with said air inlet tube extending outwardly between the lips, said envelope being alternately inflatable and deflatable with slightly pressurized air to alternately tension and relax the facial muscles to exercise the facial muscles while providing a flow of nutrient blood therethrough.

2. A facial muscle conditioning device as defined in claim 1 characterized in the provision of a hand operated squeeze bulb on the outer end of said flexible air inlet tube together with check valve means for holding a charge of inflating air in said envelope, and hand operated check valve means for releasing said charge of air to permit deflation of said envelope, and being further characterized in that both of said valve means are located exteriorly of the mouth so as to be readily accessible to the users hands.

References Cited in the file of this patent 7 UNITED STATES PATENTS 901,376 Roberts Oct. 20, 1908 2,685,287 Golfier a a1. Aug. 3, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,126,012 France July 23, 1956

Claims (1)

1. A FACIAL MUSCLE CONDITIONING DEVICE COMPRISING A PAIR OF IDENTICAL BLANKS OF SUPPLE FILM-THIN SHEET PLASTIC MATERIAL HAVING SMOOTH-SURFACED FACES, SAID BLANKS EACH HAVING GENERALLY CIRCULAR ENLARGEMENTS AT THEIR OPPOSITE ENDS INTERCONNECTED BY A RELATIVELY NARROW STRIP HAVING GENERALLY PARALLEL OPPOSITE LATERAL EDGES, A LONG NARROW STRIP EXTENDING FROM ONE LATERAL EDGE OF SAID NARROW STRIP AND INTEGRAL THEREWITH, ALL EDGES OF SAID TWO BLANKS BEING IN DIRECT REGISTRY WITH ONE ANOTHER AND BEING BONDED TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THEIR PERIPHERAL RIM EDGES EXCEPT TRANSVERSELY OF SAID LAST MENTIONED LONG NARROW STRIPS, THEREBY TO PROVIDE AN INFLATABLE ENVELOPE AND AN ATTACHED SMALL DIAMETER LONG FLEXIBLE AIR INLET TUBE EXTENDING LATERALLY FROM ONE BONDED EDGE THEREOF, SAID ENVELOPE BEING OF A SIZE TO BE RECEIVED IN THE ORAL CAVITY BETWEEN THE EXTERIOR OF THE CLOSED TEETH AND THE JUXTAPOSED SURFACES OF THE FACIAL MUSCLE COMPLEX WITH SAID AIR INLET TUBE EXTENDING OUTWARDLY BETWEEN THE LIPS, SAID ENVELOPE BEING ALTERNATELY INFLATABLE AND DEFLATABLE WITH SLIGHTLY PRESSURIZED AIR TO ALTERNATELY TENSION AND RELAX THE FACIAL MUSCLES TO EXERCISE THE FACIAL MUSCLES WHILE PROVIDING A FLOW OF NUTRIENT BLOOD THERETHROUGH.
US3091237A 1960-05-16 1960-05-16 Facial muscle and tissue conditioning device Expired - Lifetime US3091237A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3386732A (en) * 1966-07-29 1968-06-04 Betty N. Robins Oral facial exerciser
US3528655A (en) * 1968-05-29 1970-09-15 American Physical Fitness Res Facial muscle and skin conditioning device
US3745998A (en) * 1971-01-06 1973-07-17 Bio Medical Syst Inc Vacuum formed support structures and immobilizer devices
US4313434A (en) * 1980-10-17 1982-02-02 David Segal Fracture fixation
US4969888A (en) * 1989-02-09 1990-11-13 Arie Scholten Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device
US5827289A (en) * 1994-01-26 1998-10-27 Reiley; Mark A. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocols relating to treatment of fractured or diseased bones
US6066154A (en) * 1994-01-26 2000-05-23 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6248110B1 (en) 1994-01-26 2001-06-19 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US6494209B2 (en) * 2001-04-02 2002-12-17 George Kulick Method and apparatus for treatment of snoring, hypopnea and apnea
US20030229372A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2003-12-11 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocols relating to treatment of fractured or diseased bone
US20040167562A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2004-08-26 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US20050131267A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2005-06-16 Talmadge Karen D. System and method for delivering a therapeutic agent for bone disease
US20050131269A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2005-06-16 Talmadge Karen D. System and method for delivering a therapeutic agent for bone disease
US20050288678A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2005-12-29 Kyphon Inc. Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods
US20070055272A1 (en) * 2005-08-16 2007-03-08 Laurent Schaller Spinal Tissue Distraction Devices
US20100249933A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2010-09-30 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Systems and techniques for intravertebral spinal stabilization with expandable devices
US20110022051A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2011-01-27 Kyphon Sarl Systems and methods for placing materials into bone
US8366773B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2013-02-05 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Apparatus and method for treating bone
US8454617B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2013-06-04 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Devices for treating the spine
US8535327B2 (en) 2009-03-17 2013-09-17 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Delivery apparatus for use with implantable medical devices
US8591583B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2013-11-26 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Devices for treating the spine
US8814873B2 (en) 2011-06-24 2014-08-26 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for treating bone tissue
US20150283426A1 (en) * 2012-10-30 2015-10-08 Mtg Co., Ltd. Implement for training facial muscle
USD787672S1 (en) * 2015-02-15 2017-05-23 Wenhuo Jiang Main body of training apparatus for labial muscle
US9656114B1 (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-05-23 Jamal Hafeez-Bey Jaw-strengthening device
US9788963B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-10-17 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US901376A (en) * 1907-09-06 1908-10-20 Harvey H Roberts Massage and vibratory dilator.
US2685287A (en) * 1953-01-07 1954-08-03 Golfier Leon Massage instrument
FR1126012A (en) * 1955-05-09 1956-11-13 gingival dropper

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US901376A (en) * 1907-09-06 1908-10-20 Harvey H Roberts Massage and vibratory dilator.
US2685287A (en) * 1953-01-07 1954-08-03 Golfier Leon Massage instrument
FR1126012A (en) * 1955-05-09 1956-11-13 gingival dropper

Cited By (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3386732A (en) * 1966-07-29 1968-06-04 Betty N. Robins Oral facial exerciser
US3528655A (en) * 1968-05-29 1970-09-15 American Physical Fitness Res Facial muscle and skin conditioning device
US3745998A (en) * 1971-01-06 1973-07-17 Bio Medical Syst Inc Vacuum formed support structures and immobilizer devices
US4313434A (en) * 1980-10-17 1982-02-02 David Segal Fracture fixation
WO1982001311A1 (en) * 1980-10-17 1982-04-29 David Segal Fracture fixation
US4969888A (en) * 1989-02-09 1990-11-13 Arie Scholten Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device
US20080065087A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-13 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US6066154A (en) * 1994-01-26 2000-05-23 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6235043B1 (en) 1994-01-26 2001-05-22 Kyphon, Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6248110B1 (en) 1994-01-26 2001-06-19 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US20010049531A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2001-12-06 Reiley Mark A. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US6423083B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2002-07-23 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US5827289A (en) * 1994-01-26 1998-10-27 Reiley; Mark A. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocols relating to treatment of fractured or diseased bones
US20030229372A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2003-12-11 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocols relating to treatment of fractured or diseased bone
US6663647B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-16 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US20040153115A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2004-08-05 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US20040153114A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2004-08-05 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US8246681B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2012-08-21 Kyphon Sarl Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US6899719B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2005-05-31 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US20050119662A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2005-06-02 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US7967827B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2011-06-28 Kyphon Sarl Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable structure that remains within the bone
US20100168755A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2010-07-01 Kyphon Sarl Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US20050288678A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2005-12-29 Kyphon Inc. Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods
US6981981B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2006-01-03 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US20090076517A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2009-03-19 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20060235460A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-10-19 Reiley Mark A Cavity formation device
US20080269759A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-10-30 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20080140083A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-06-12 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods treating a vertebral body
US20070055281A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased vertebral body by incremental introduction of bone filling material
US20070055278A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Method and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable mesh structure that remains within the bone
US20080140079A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-06-12 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US20080132934A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-06-05 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods treating a vertebral body related applications
US20080071283A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-20 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US20070055266A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable stent structure that remains within the bone
US20070225705A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2007-09-27 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable bio-absorbable structure that remains within the bone
US20080051825A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-02-28 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20080058828A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20080058827A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US20080058824A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20080058857A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods treating a vertebral body
US20080058823A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating bone using expandable bodies
US20080058855A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-06 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods treating a vertebral body
US20080065089A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-13 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating a fractured and/or diseased and/or weakened bone
US20080065142A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-13 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating a vertebral body through a posterior percutaneous access path
US20080065138A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2008-03-13 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods treating a vertebral body
US20060229631A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-10-12 Reiley Mark A Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods
US20050131269A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2005-06-16 Talmadge Karen D. System and method for delivering a therapeutic agent for bone disease
US20050131267A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2005-06-16 Talmadge Karen D. System and method for delivering a therapeutic agent for bone disease
US8317865B2 (en) 1997-06-09 2012-11-27 Kyphon Sarl Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using a mesh structure
US20070055277A1 (en) * 1998-04-06 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable whisk structure
US8226717B2 (en) 1998-08-14 2012-07-24 Kyphon Sarl Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable stent structure
US20060276819A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2006-12-07 Osorio Reynaldo A Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US20040167562A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2004-08-26 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US20110022051A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2011-01-27 Kyphon Sarl Systems and methods for placing materials into bone
US20070055280A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating fractured and/or diseased bone by introduction of a bone filling material
US20070055285A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2007-03-08 Kyphon Inc. Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone using an expandable stent structure
US8152813B2 (en) 1998-08-14 2012-04-10 Kyphon Sarl Methods for treating fractured and/or diseased bone by introduction of different bone filling materials
US6494209B2 (en) * 2001-04-02 2002-12-17 George Kulick Method and apparatus for treatment of snoring, hypopnea and apnea
US20100249933A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2010-09-30 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Systems and techniques for intravertebral spinal stabilization with expandable devices
US9814590B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-11-14 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method
US9808351B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-11-07 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method
US9801729B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-10-31 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method
US9788963B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-10-17 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method
US9814589B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2017-11-14 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. In-situ formed intervertebral fusion device and method
US7666226B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2010-02-23 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Spinal tissue distraction devices
US7967865B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2011-06-28 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Devices for limiting the movement of material introduced between layers of spinal tissue
US8057544B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2011-11-15 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Methods of distracting tissue layers of the human spine
US7967864B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2011-06-28 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Spinal tissue distraction devices
US7963993B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2011-06-21 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Methods of distracting tissue layers of the human spine
US7955391B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2011-06-07 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Methods for limiting the movement of material introduced between layers of spinal tissue
US7785368B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2010-08-31 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Spinal tissue distraction devices
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