US3084693A - Aseptic catheter - Google Patents

Aseptic catheter Download PDF

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Publication number
US3084693A
US3084693A US128195A US12819561A US3084693A US 3084693 A US3084693 A US 3084693A US 128195 A US128195 A US 128195A US 12819561 A US12819561 A US 12819561A US 3084693 A US3084693 A US 3084693A
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membrane
tube
end
catheter
operative end
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Expired - Lifetime
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US128195A
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Edward R Cathcart
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Edward R Cathcart
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0119Eversible catheters

Description

April 9, 1963 E. R. cATHcART 3,084,693

ASEPTIC CATHETER Filed July 5l, 1961 United States Patent O 3,084,693 ASEPTIC CATHETER Edward R. Cathcart, 1226 SW. th St., Gainesville, Fla. Filed July 31, 1961, Ser. No. 128,195 3 Claims. (Ci. 12S-349) This invention relates generally to the field of surgical instruments, and more specifically to certain new `and useful improvements in the construction of a catheter.

The instrument generally known as the catheter comprises an elongated tubular body which is used for insertion through the urinary tract into the bladder for the purpose of obtaining urine specimens or to drain the bladder. It will be obvious that extensive sterile precautions must be made before such an operation can be undertaken. The pseudo sterile technique which is generally employed cannot prevent infection which may be present on the external genitalia from being carried upwardly by the catheter to cause infections in the bladder or at the very least cause contamination of the urine speciments which may be required. My invention is directed towards a solution of this problem by providing a disposable sterile membrane which is unrolled during the insertion of the catheter such that -a continually sterile surface of the membrane is in contact with the urethral mucosa and remains static therein while the catheter moves within the membrane.

it is therefore a primary object of this invention to provide a catheter instrument which obviates the necessity of extensive sterile precautions being taken prior to catheterizations.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a catheter instrument `and disposable membrane therefor which will prevent the danger of ascending infections into the bladder as is commonly experienced when ordinary catheters are employed.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a catheter instrument and disposable membrane therefor which will establish an economical method of drainving the bladder in a completely sterile manner.

Briefly, the invention comprises the provision of a substantially conventional catheter instrument. A very thin tubular membrane is mounted with one end engaging over the operative end of the catheter tube. The sterile membrane is folded such that the `greater part of its length extends inwardly of the operative end of the tube, and the free end of the membrane having a ring shaped peripheral stop mounted thereon is adapted to roll over the operative end on top of the fixed end of the membrane. The catheter is now inserted into the urethral meatus until the peripheral ring stop on one end of the membrane engages with the external genitalia. Further insertion of the catheter will cause the sterile membrane disposed within the catheter to unroll outwardly of the end so -as to progressively line the urethral mucosa in a static manner with the membrane. Upon full insertion of the catheter, the extreme end thereof will project outwardly through the unrolled membrane into the bladder for drainage ofthe same.

A full understanding of the construction of this invention, together with further novel features and advantages, will be had from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, taken in conjunction with the attached drawings wherein:

FIG. l is a perspective view of a catheter tube having the membrane mounted thereon, and indicating the position of the membrane after insertion of the end of the tube into the bladder.

FIG. 2 is a cross sectional side elevation taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. l.

FIG. 3 is a cross sectional side elevation of the catheter ICC tube shown with the membrane positioned ready for insertion.

FIG. 4 is :a fragmentary cross sectional view showing the operative end of the catheter tube mounting the flexible membrane in preparation for loading the same inwardly of the tube.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawing.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, -the numeral 5 represents an elongated hollow cylindrical tube which may be constructed of rigid or semi-flexible material such 'as rubber or plastic. The operative end 6 of the tube is provided with a number of eliptically shaped openings 7 -inwardly spaced from the end and disposed about the periphery of the tube. This tube is technically known as a catheter.

A very thin tubular membrane 8 which may be formed of suitable latex or plastic, is attached at one end 9 to the periphery of the tube 5 inwardly of the elliptically shaped openings 7. The tubular membrane is formed such that it will expand radially but is relatively inflexible in the axial plane. Such flexible limitation can be provided by forming the membrane with a number of elongated fibres which extend longitudinally of the membrane land within the thickness thereof as indicated at 10 in the drawings. The membrane is formed with a central cylindrical portion 1l which expands at 12 to form a sleeve 13 of larger diameter for sliding over the operative end 6 of the tube. The :other end of the central portion 11 also expands at 14 to form a larger sleeve 15 adapted to slide over the sleeve 13 when mounted for use. The sleeve 15 is initially rolled back at 16 and terminates in surrounding engagement with a ring shaped peripheral stop 17 formed of solid material.

In operation, the membrane is mounted in position on the `catheter as best seen in FIG. 4, of the drawing. The external surface of the covering is now lubricated over its entire length, and the central portion 11 is then rolled inwardly of the operative end of the catheter, as indicated in FIG. 3. Finally, the ring shaped peripheral stop is slid over the end 9 of the membrane in preparation for use. After sterilization, the assembly is inserted into the urethral meatus until the peripheral `stop 17 impinges against the external genitalia. Upon further insertion of the catheter, the stop is retained by the genitalia thus forcing the membrane to unroll from inside .the catheter and present la continuous sterile surface in contact with the urethral mucosa in a static manner as the catheter mroves on within the sterile membrane. Upon complete insertion of the catheter, the openings 7 become exposed within the bladder, the membrane benig positioned as indicated in FIGS. l and 2. For indwelling purposes, when it is desired that the catheter remain in pl-ace, a small distendable retention bag may be incorporated adjacent the elliptical openings '7 for the purpose of locking the `tube in position. The assembly would be made in various sizes as required, and it will be appreciated that the membrane, being a disposable item, need not return to its original shape after use. The membrane itself may be made of thin latex or polyethylene material, and should be formed so as to incorporate the longitudinal inelastic fibres therein so as to prevent elongation of the membrane during insertion.

From' the foregoing, it is believed that the construction, operation `and advantages of this invention will be fully apparent. However, since numerous modifications will occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the construction exactly to that shown and described, and accordingly, modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A catheter and disposable membrane therefor, and comprising, an elongated hollow cylindrical tube, an operative end to 'said tube having radially disposed openings formed therein, a tubular membrane secured at one end over said operative end, said membrane extending over the operative end `and folding inwardly of the tube, said membrane reversing' within itself inwardly of the tube and extending outwardly of the same operative end, a peripheral stopsecured about the other end of the membrane and adapted to slideably extend over said onev end of the membrane outwardly of the tube, such that upon insertion of the operative end of the tube into an opening of the human body, said Istop will abut with the openingcausing the membrane to be rolled from within the cylindrical tube and Apresented against the continuation ofthe opening in the human body in a substantially static manner, saidradial openings in the tube adapted 4to be uncovered from the membrane upon `complete insertion'of the tubeinto the body opening.

2. A catheter and disposable membrane according to claim l, wherein said membrane comprises a thin flexible material adapted to expand radially, and restricted from extension longitudinallyby inelastic fibres sealed within the membrane.

3. A catheter and disposable membrane according to claim 1, wherein said membrane comprises a cylindrical central portion terminating at each end with sleeves of larger diameter than said central portion.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,497,722 Holst-Grubb June 17, 1924 3,037,496 Melges June 5, 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS 2,880 Great Britain Feb. 24, 1887 322.426 'Great Britain Dec. 5. 1929

Claims (1)

1. A CATHETER AND DISPOSABLE MEMBRANE THEREFOR, AND COMPRISING, AN ELONGATED HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL TUBE, AN OPERATIVE END TO SAID TUBE HAVING RADIALLY DISPOSED OPENINGS FORMED THEREIN, A TUBULAR MEMBRANE SECURED AT ONE END OVER SAID OPERATIVE END, SAID MEMBRANE EXTENDING OVER THE OPERATIVE END AND FOLDING INWARDLY OF THE TUBE, SAID MEMBRANE REVERSING WITHIN ITSELF INWARDLY OF THE TUBE AND EXTENDING OUTWARDLY OF THE SAME OPERATIVE END, A PERIPHERAL STOP SECURED ABOUT THE OTHER END OF THE MEMBRANE AND ADAPTED TO SLIDEABLY EXTEND OVER SAID ONE END OF THE MEMBRANE OUTWARDLY OF THE TUBE, SUCH THAT UPON INSERTION OF THE OPERATIVE END OF THE TUBE INTO AN OPENING OF THE HUMAN BODY, SAID STOP WILL ABUT WITH THE OPENING CAUSING THE MEMBRANE TO BE ROLLED FROM WITHIN THE CYLINDRICAL TUBE AND PRESENTED AGAINST THE CONTINUATION OF THE OPENING IN THE HUMAN BODY IN A SUBSTANTIALLY STATIC MANNER, SAID RADIAL OPENINGS IN THE TUBE ADAPTED TO BE UNCOVERED FROM THE MEMBRANE UPON COMPLETE INSERTION OF THE TUBE INTO THE BODY OPENING.
US128195A 1961-07-31 1961-07-31 Aseptic catheter Expired - Lifetime US3084693A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3169528A (en) * 1963-05-24 1965-02-16 Iii Francis S Knox Coronary sinus sucker
US3332424A (en) * 1965-02-03 1967-07-25 Discon Corp Extroversive catheter
US3421509A (en) * 1965-12-17 1969-01-14 John M Fiore Urethral catheter
US3583391A (en) * 1968-11-21 1971-06-08 American Hospital Supply Corp Medical instrument with outrolling catheter
US3866601A (en) * 1973-02-20 1975-02-18 James A Russell Telescopic speculum
US3894540A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-07-15 Bonner F J Jun Catheter
US3908663A (en) * 1974-01-30 1975-09-30 Nicholas F Viek Catheter
EP0226564A1 (en) * 1985-12-20 1987-06-24 Steridose Systems Ab Connection device avoiding contamination and use of such a device
US4822332A (en) * 1988-03-31 1989-04-18 Tambrands Inc. Device for delivering an object to a cavity
WO1992021399A1 (en) * 1991-06-07 1992-12-10 Rtc Inc. Non-contaminating probe
US5441485A (en) * 1994-02-24 1995-08-15 Peters; Michael J. Bladder catheter
US5531717A (en) * 1993-12-12 1996-07-02 Rtc, Inc. Non-contaminating probe and methods of making and using same
US5676688A (en) * 1995-02-06 1997-10-14 Rtc, Inc. Variably inflatable medical device
US5902286A (en) * 1997-04-25 1999-05-11 Reitz; James C. Rolling catheter or medical device for sterile access to bladder urine
US20050245876A1 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-11-03 Accessclosure, Inc. Apparatus and methods for facilitating access through a puncture including sealing compound therein
WO2009004626A2 (en) * 2007-07-02 2009-01-08 Hy Laboratories Ltd. Articles for maintaining sterility of a bodily orifice or a wound site
US20100152707A1 (en) * 2008-12-15 2010-06-17 Morris Cassandra E Atraumatic Suction Catheter
US20150320970A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-11-12 Hollister Incorporated Intermittent catheter assembly and kit

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1497722A (en) * 1923-01-22 1924-06-17 Holst-Grubbe Thora Surgical drainage device
GB322426A (en) * 1929-01-03 1929-12-05 Josef David Improvements in or relating to catheters
US3037496A (en) * 1959-08-03 1962-06-05 Frederick J Melges Fertility testing apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1497722A (en) * 1923-01-22 1924-06-17 Holst-Grubbe Thora Surgical drainage device
GB322426A (en) * 1929-01-03 1929-12-05 Josef David Improvements in or relating to catheters
US3037496A (en) * 1959-08-03 1962-06-05 Frederick J Melges Fertility testing apparatus

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3169528A (en) * 1963-05-24 1965-02-16 Iii Francis S Knox Coronary sinus sucker
US3332424A (en) * 1965-02-03 1967-07-25 Discon Corp Extroversive catheter
US3421509A (en) * 1965-12-17 1969-01-14 John M Fiore Urethral catheter
US3583391A (en) * 1968-11-21 1971-06-08 American Hospital Supply Corp Medical instrument with outrolling catheter
US3866601A (en) * 1973-02-20 1975-02-18 James A Russell Telescopic speculum
US3894540A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-07-15 Bonner F J Jun Catheter
US3908663A (en) * 1974-01-30 1975-09-30 Nicholas F Viek Catheter
EP0226564A1 (en) * 1985-12-20 1987-06-24 Steridose Systems Ab Connection device avoiding contamination and use of such a device
US4804015A (en) * 1985-12-20 1989-02-14 Steridose Systems Ab Connection device avoiding contamination
US4822332A (en) * 1988-03-31 1989-04-18 Tambrands Inc. Device for delivering an object to a cavity
WO1992021399A1 (en) * 1991-06-07 1992-12-10 Rtc Inc. Non-contaminating probe
US5897535A (en) * 1991-06-07 1999-04-27 Rtc, Inc. Non-contaminating probe and methods of making and using same
US5531717A (en) * 1993-12-12 1996-07-02 Rtc, Inc. Non-contaminating probe and methods of making and using same
US5441485A (en) * 1994-02-24 1995-08-15 Peters; Michael J. Bladder catheter
WO1996024403A1 (en) 1995-02-06 1996-08-15 Rtc Inc. Non-contaminating probe and methods of making and using same
US5676688A (en) * 1995-02-06 1997-10-14 Rtc, Inc. Variably inflatable medical device
WO1998000191A1 (en) 1996-07-01 1998-01-08 Rtc, Inc. A variably inflatable medical device
US5902286A (en) * 1997-04-25 1999-05-11 Reitz; James C. Rolling catheter or medical device for sterile access to bladder urine
US20050245876A1 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-11-03 Accessclosure, Inc. Apparatus and methods for facilitating access through a puncture including sealing compound therein
WO2009004626A2 (en) * 2007-07-02 2009-01-08 Hy Laboratories Ltd. Articles for maintaining sterility of a bodily orifice or a wound site
WO2009004626A3 (en) * 2007-07-02 2009-05-07 Hy Lab Ltd Articles for maintaining sterility of a bodily orifice or a wound site
US20100152707A1 (en) * 2008-12-15 2010-06-17 Morris Cassandra E Atraumatic Suction Catheter
US8603049B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2013-12-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Atraumatic suction catheter
US20150320970A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-11-12 Hollister Incorporated Intermittent catheter assembly and kit
US9925355B2 (en) * 2012-11-12 2018-03-27 Hollister Incorporated Intermittent catheter assembly and kit

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