US3070901A - Guiding air-borne webs - Google Patents

Guiding air-borne webs Download PDF

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Publication number
US3070901A
US3070901A US9078A US907860A US3070901A US 3070901 A US3070901 A US 3070901A US 9078 A US9078 A US 9078A US 907860 A US907860 A US 907860A US 3070901 A US3070901 A US 3070901A
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Prior art keywords
web
direction
gaseous medium
gas supply
means
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Expired - Lifetime
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US9078A
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Allander Claes
Wallin Sven
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Svenska Flaktfabriken AB
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Svenska Flaktfabriken AB
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F5/00Dryer section of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B13/00Machines and apparatus for drying fabrics, fibres, yarns, or other materials in long lengths, with progressive movement
    • F26B13/10Arrangements for feeding, heating or supporting materials; Controlling movement, tension or position of materials
    • F26B13/101Supporting materials without tension, e.g. on or between foraminous belts
    • F26B13/104Supporting materials without tension, e.g. on or between foraminous belts supported by fluid jets only; Fluid blowing arrangements for flotation dryers, e.g. coanda nozzles

Description

Jan. 1, 1963 c. ALLANDER' ET AL 3,070,901-

GUIDING AIR-BORNE WEBS Filed Feb. 16, 1960 li I I IINVENVTORSI 75 I7 $17 .dherfi 47/ y a W? L "4- ATTYS.

United States Patent ()iitice 3,070,901 Patented Jan. 1, 1963 3,070,?01 GUIDING AIR-BORNE WEBS Claes Allander, Sodra Angby, and Sven Wallin, Jonkoping, Sweden, assignors to Aktiebolaget Svenska Flalrtfabriken, Nacka, Sweden Filed Feb. 16, 1960, Ser. No. 9,078 Claims priority, application Sweden Feb. I, 1956 4 Claims. (Cl. 34-156) The present invention relates to apparatus for drying or similar treatment of webs in which the web is conveyed completely or partly air-borne by means of a gaseous medium blown against .the under side of the web, and has particular application to means for guiding the web through the apparatus. The present application is a continuation-in-part of our application Serial Number 636,521, filed January 28, 1957.

In apparatus of the stated type, gaseous medium is directed preferably perpendicularly against the under surface of the web and is conducted away longitudinally of the web, and other gaseous medium is blown across the top of the web and is caused to flow transversely alternately to the right and the left sides of the web during its passage through the apparatus. Webs conveyed in this manner often have a tendency to move sideways in one direction or the other in spite of the fact that the medium blown against the top of the web is conducted away in alternating directions. This sideways movement is especially pronounced when feeding the leading edge of a new web, i.e., while threading the web, for instance, into a cellulose dryer.

The present invention provides apparatus for eliminating this disadvantage by employing separate fans and varying the quantity of the medium conducted away in alternating transverse directions by said fans individually in order to regulate the forces of the transverse medium currents acting upon the web.

The necessary variation of the medium quantity may be effected either by throttling the medium current, for

example by adjustable dampers or the like in the path of the circulating medium from each fan, or by individually regulating the current, for example by changing the speed of the respective circulating fans effecting the transverse flow. The regulation may in both cases be performed either manually or entirely automatically by means of conventional control means operated by impulse devices, photoelectric cells or the like which are responsive to the lateral position of the edges of the web. The apparatus of the present invention can preferably be used for guiding webs in accordance with our Patent No. 2,848,820 which was copending with out parent application Serial No. 636,521. Th webs are conveyed and stabilized by means of a medium which is blown against the web and is conducted away in different ways at the upper and lower sides of the web. The apparatus according to the present invention is operated in such a manner that the variation of the medium quantity only influences the guiding forces occasioned by the medium blown against the upper side of the web, but does not change the guiding forces of the medium which is blown against the lower side of the web and is conducted away longitudinally of the web.

In the practice of the invention, the circulating means for the medium consists of propeller fans operating counter-directionally alternately at opposite sides of the web. The design and arrangement of the throttling or regulating means may be varied without departing from the invention.

All of the objects of the invention are more fully set forth hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating a suitable embodiment of the present invention and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary view in perspective showing diagrammatically the air forces blowing against a web in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal section through a dryer embodying one form of apparatus for practicing the present invention;

FIGS. 3 and 4 are sectional views taken on lines 3-3 and 44 respectively of FIG. 2;

FIGS. 5 and 6 are plan and elevational views of the dryer embodying the present invention with portions broken away to more clearly illustrate construction; and

FIG. 7 shows a modified form of lower wall for the upper distributing boxes.

Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a web W which is supported in its travel by jets of air directed against the underside of the web in a direction longitudinal thereof as indicated by the arrows -11. Air or other drying medium is directed against the upper surface of the web alternately to the right and left, transversely of the direction of travel of the web as indicated by the arrows 12 and 13 respectively.

A suitable apparatus for directing the flow from the fans is disclosed in our Patent No. 2,848,820 and may consist of a series of upper boxes 14a and 14b arranged in spaced relation longitudinally of the web and lower boxes 15 underlying the web in longitudinally spaced relation as shown in FIG. 2. The surface of the boxes 14a and 14b which confront the web W are foraminous, as shown in FIGS. 25 being louvered as indicated at 16a and 16b, and the end walls of the boxes 14a and 14b are extended downwardly closely adjacent the webalternately on opposite sides as indicated at 17a and 17b respectively in FIGS. 3 and 4. If desired the confronting surfaces of the upper boxes may be perforated as indicated at 16s in 'FIG. 7. Thus, the box 14a shown in FIG. 3, directs the air downwardly against the web W and the air flows to the right as indicated by the arrows 12. The box 1417 shown in FIG. 4, on the other hand,'directs the air downwardly against the web W and the air flows to the left as indicated by the arrows 13.

In normal operation of the apparatus, the forces exerted by the air streams indicated by the arrows *12 and 13 balance one another and maintain the web in the center of its path during its longitudinal travel through the dryer. However, when threading the apparatus, or at other times, the web may have a tendency to move to the left or the right of the path, and to overcome this tendency, means is provided to regulate the forces exerted by the respective air streams indicated at :12 and 13. To this end, in accordance with one feature of the invention, dampers are provided at 21 to throttle the flow of air into the box 14a and thereby change the quantity of air flowing to the right of the apparatus, indicated by the arrows 12. Reduction of this quantity of air reduces the force on the web tending to displace the same to the right thereby permitting it to travel towards the left under the influence of the adjacent air s-t-rearns 13. Similar dampers 22. are mounted in the box 14b to throttle the air flow indicated at 13 and reduce the force tending to move the material to the left, thereby permitting the material to move back towards the right. The dampers may be operated manually or by conventional control devices responsive to the lateral position of the edges of the web.

The invention is characterized by the fact that rightward and leftward flow of air through the boxes 14a and 14b and transversely over the upper surface of the web W, is effected by separate axial-flow propeller fans 23 and 24 respectively. The fans 23 and 24 are operated counterdirectionally, so that if the fans 23 rotate clockwise, the fans 24 rotate counterclockwise. Specifically there is a separate gas supply system for each of the opposite surfaces of the web; the one system for one surface supplying gas directed along the direction of movement of the web at spaced points therealong and thereaoross; and the other system for the other surface supplying gas directed across the direction of movement of the Web andincludingalternate boxes along the length of the web, each box having its individual blower fan with the fan axis aligned with the flow of gas in the box, and alternate boxes supplying gals respectively from opposite side edges of the web by fans which rotate in opposite directions respectively when viewed from behind the fans in the direction of gas flow.

In addition to providing for regulation of flow of air into the upper boxes 14 by the dampers 21 and 22, further regulation of the quantities of air is accomplished by changing the speeds of the motors 25 and 26 of the respective fans 23 and 24, for example, by speed control devices 27 and 28 responsive to the lateral position of the web W, as determined by sensing devices 29 and 30 operatively associated with the side edges of the web.

It has been found that, in accordance with the invention, by using separate tans operating counterdirectional- 1y at each side of the web, the forces exerted by the respective fans are more readily balanced and the adverse effect of certain unknown factors is entirely eliminated, and it has been possible to accurately guide a Web having a width of seventeen feet.

While a particular embodiment of the present invention has been herein illustrated and described, modifications are possible within the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. Apparatus for supporting and conveying webs by a gaseous medium, comprising in combination,

separate gas supply systems for the opposite surfaces respectively of the Web,

theone gas supply system for one surface of the web including means tfOI' discharging gaseous medium longitudinally of the direction of movement of the web at spaced points thereaoross and therealong,

and the other gas supply system for the other sur- .face of the web including means for discharging gaseous medium transversely of the direction of movement of the web at spaced points thereacross and therealong,

said other gas supply system including alternate boxes along the length of the web,

each said box having separate means for supplying it with gaseous medium,

said boxes being arranged for the supply of gas in alternation respectively from opposite side edges of the web,

said gas supply means for each box including a fan having its propeller axis aligned with the direction of flow of gaseous medium across said web,

and the direction of rotation of the fan propellers as viewed from behind [the fan and down the direction of flow being opposite for the alternate boxes for opposite side edge of the web.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 including flow-control means for each section to individually vary the quantity of medium supplied to the web in said section to thereby vary the force on said web imparted by said transversely flowing medium.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said flowcontrol means comprises throttling dampers mounted in the supply conduit of each upper distributing .box section.

4. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said flOW control means comprises means to vary the rotary speed of said circulating fans.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,229,285 Gehnrich Jan. 21, 1941 2,351,549 Schwartz June 13, 1944 2,772,486 Johanson Dec. 4, 1956 2,848,820 Wallin et a1 Aug. 26, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 297,422 Switzerland June 1, 1954 1,121,824 France Aug. 27, 1956

Claims (1)

1. APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING AND CONVEYING WEBS BY A GASEOUS MEDIUM, COMPRISING IN COMBINATION, SEPARATE GAS SUPPLY SYSTEMS FOR THE OPPOSITE SURFACES RESPECTIVELY OF THE WEB, THE ONE GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR ONE SURFACE OF THE WEB INCLUDING MEANS FOR DISCHARGING GASEOUS MEDIUM LONGITUDINALLY OF THE DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT OF THE WEB AT SPACED POINTS THEREACROSS AND THEREALONG, AND THE OTHER GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR THE OTHER SURFACE OF THE WEB INCLUDING MEANS FOR DISCHARGING GASEOUS MEDIUM TRANSVERSELY OF THE DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT OF THE WEB AT SPACED POINTS THEREACROSS AND THEREALONG, SAID OTHER GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM INCLUDING ALTERNATE BOXES ALONG THE LENGTH OF THE WEB, EACH SAID BOX HAVING SEPARATE MEANS FOR SUPPLYING IT WITH GASEOUS MEDIUM, SAID BOXES BEING ARRANGED FOR THE SUPPLY OF GAS IN ALTERNATION RESPECTIVELY FROM OPPOSITE SIDE EDGES OF THE WEB, SAID GAS SUPPLY MEANS FOR EACH BOX INCLUDING A FAN HAVING ITS PROPELLER AXIS ALIGNED WITH THE DIRECTION OF FLOW OF GASEOUS MEDIUM ACROSS SAID WEB, AND THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION OF THE FAN PROPELLERS AS VIEWED FROM BEHING THE FAN AND DOWN THE DIRECTION OF FLOW BEING OPPOSITE FOR THE ALTERNATE BOXES FOR OPPOSITE SIDE EDGES OF THE WEB.
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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3199224A (en) * 1962-04-03 1965-08-10 Wolverine Equipment Co Apparatus for treating continuous length webs comprising high velocity gas jets
US3272415A (en) * 1963-03-19 1966-09-13 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Apparatus for stabilized transport of web-or sheet-like materials
US3318640A (en) * 1965-04-23 1967-05-09 Pitney Bowes Inc Pneumatic sheet handling apparatus and method of making same
US3320684A (en) * 1964-02-03 1967-05-23 Leckner Borje Valentin Driers for treatment of a web by a gaseous medium
US3337318A (en) * 1963-01-16 1967-08-22 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Manufacture of glass sheets on a plurality of different fluid supports
US3370648A (en) * 1966-01-21 1968-02-27 Selas Corp Of America Jet cooling of strip metal
US3389478A (en) * 1966-03-03 1968-06-25 Anderson Electric Corp Apparatus for thermally conditioning articles and the like
US3395943A (en) * 1965-10-22 1968-08-06 Pilkington Brothers Ltd Methods of and apparatus for carrying glass sheets
US3705676A (en) * 1970-03-16 1972-12-12 Overly Inc Air foil conveyor
US3800438A (en) * 1970-11-19 1974-04-02 Artos Ind Forsch Apparatus for treatment of materials, particularly the heat treatment of webs
US3982328A (en) * 1974-05-29 1976-09-28 Aktiebolaget Svenska Flaktfabriken Dryer for material coated on two surfaces
US4021931A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-05-10 Midland-Ross Corporation Air circulating apparatus for floating material in web form
US4154005A (en) * 1976-12-10 1979-05-15 Edgar Pickering (Blackburn) Limited Drying apparatus
US4170347A (en) * 1977-06-22 1979-10-09 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Web pleater
US4202408A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-05-13 Temple Robert S Jet type heat exchanger
US4229861A (en) * 1978-08-10 1980-10-28 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Material converger
EP0068272A1 (en) * 1981-06-15 1983-01-05 Daidotokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for conveying strip material
WO1983001290A1 (en) * 1981-09-30 1983-04-14 Leif Ingemar Lind A flow distributor
US4406388A (en) * 1981-04-02 1983-09-27 Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha Method of conveying strip materials
US4505053A (en) * 1981-10-19 1985-03-19 Flakt Ab Drying plant for a material web
US5209767A (en) * 1991-03-19 1993-05-11 Glasstech, Inc. Glass sheet annealing lehr having gas support conveyor
US6543662B1 (en) * 1998-06-17 2003-04-08 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Web transport system
US20050006837A1 (en) * 2003-07-12 2005-01-13 Domingo Rohde Process for guiding printing media and printing media guide
US20110214829A1 (en) * 2007-08-20 2011-09-08 Runtech Systems Oy Method for compensating for faults in a paper web

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2229285A (en) * 1939-03-13 1941-01-21 Charles L Gehnrich Drying apparatus
US2351549A (en) * 1941-10-16 1944-06-13 Proctor & Schwartz Inc Method for treating filaments and threads
CH297422A (en) * 1949-01-21 1954-03-31 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for drying web-like material.
FR1121824A (en) * 1954-04-05 1956-08-27 advanced dryer
US2772486A (en) * 1952-05-29 1956-12-04 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Apparatus for conditioning, preferably drying, of a web-like material
US2848820A (en) * 1952-10-08 1958-08-26 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for supporting and conveying web-like material

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2229285A (en) * 1939-03-13 1941-01-21 Charles L Gehnrich Drying apparatus
US2351549A (en) * 1941-10-16 1944-06-13 Proctor & Schwartz Inc Method for treating filaments and threads
CH297422A (en) * 1949-01-21 1954-03-31 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for drying web-like material.
US2772486A (en) * 1952-05-29 1956-12-04 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Apparatus for conditioning, preferably drying, of a web-like material
US2848820A (en) * 1952-10-08 1958-08-26 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for supporting and conveying web-like material
FR1121824A (en) * 1954-04-05 1956-08-27 advanced dryer

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3199224A (en) * 1962-04-03 1965-08-10 Wolverine Equipment Co Apparatus for treating continuous length webs comprising high velocity gas jets
US3337318A (en) * 1963-01-16 1967-08-22 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Manufacture of glass sheets on a plurality of different fluid supports
US3272415A (en) * 1963-03-19 1966-09-13 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Apparatus for stabilized transport of web-or sheet-like materials
US3320684A (en) * 1964-02-03 1967-05-23 Leckner Borje Valentin Driers for treatment of a web by a gaseous medium
US3318640A (en) * 1965-04-23 1967-05-09 Pitney Bowes Inc Pneumatic sheet handling apparatus and method of making same
US3395943A (en) * 1965-10-22 1968-08-06 Pilkington Brothers Ltd Methods of and apparatus for carrying glass sheets
US3370648A (en) * 1966-01-21 1968-02-27 Selas Corp Of America Jet cooling of strip metal
US3389478A (en) * 1966-03-03 1968-06-25 Anderson Electric Corp Apparatus for thermally conditioning articles and the like
US3705676A (en) * 1970-03-16 1972-12-12 Overly Inc Air foil conveyor
US3800438A (en) * 1970-11-19 1974-04-02 Artos Ind Forsch Apparatus for treatment of materials, particularly the heat treatment of webs
US3982328A (en) * 1974-05-29 1976-09-28 Aktiebolaget Svenska Flaktfabriken Dryer for material coated on two surfaces
US4021931A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-05-10 Midland-Ross Corporation Air circulating apparatus for floating material in web form
US4154005A (en) * 1976-12-10 1979-05-15 Edgar Pickering (Blackburn) Limited Drying apparatus
US4170347A (en) * 1977-06-22 1979-10-09 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Web pleater
US4202408A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-05-13 Temple Robert S Jet type heat exchanger
US4229861A (en) * 1978-08-10 1980-10-28 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Material converger
US4406388A (en) * 1981-04-02 1983-09-27 Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha Method of conveying strip materials
EP0068272A1 (en) * 1981-06-15 1983-01-05 Daidotokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for conveying strip material
WO1983001290A1 (en) * 1981-09-30 1983-04-14 Leif Ingemar Lind A flow distributor
US4505053A (en) * 1981-10-19 1985-03-19 Flakt Ab Drying plant for a material web
US5209767A (en) * 1991-03-19 1993-05-11 Glasstech, Inc. Glass sheet annealing lehr having gas support conveyor
US5700306A (en) * 1991-03-19 1997-12-23 Glasstech, Inc. Glass sheet strip forming system including annealing lehr
US5948132A (en) * 1991-03-19 1999-09-07 Glasstech, Inc. Glass sheet strip annealing method
US6543662B1 (en) * 1998-06-17 2003-04-08 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Web transport system
US20050006837A1 (en) * 2003-07-12 2005-01-13 Domingo Rohde Process for guiding printing media and printing media guide
US7392984B2 (en) * 2003-07-12 2008-07-01 Eastman Kodak Company Process for guiding printing media and printing media guide
US20110214829A1 (en) * 2007-08-20 2011-09-08 Runtech Systems Oy Method for compensating for faults in a paper web

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