US3070766A - Coil casing comprising interconnecting shells - Google Patents

Coil casing comprising interconnecting shells Download PDF

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US3070766A
US3070766A US9688861A US3070766A US 3070766 A US3070766 A US 3070766A US 9688861 A US9688861 A US 9688861A US 3070766 A US3070766 A US 3070766A
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Prior art keywords
shells
rims
coil
insulating
barrier
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Chester A Purdy
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Ransburg Electro-Coating Corp
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Ransburg Electro-Coating Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F5/00Coils
    • H01F5/02Coils wound on non-magnetic supports, e.g. formers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F27/00Details of transformers or inductances, in general
    • H01F27/28Coils; Windings; Conductive connections
    • H01F27/32Insulating of coils, windings, or parts thereof
    • H01F27/324Insulation between coil and core, between different winding sections, around the coil; Other insulation structures

Description

Dec. 25, 1962 c. A. PURDY ,0

con. CASING COMPRISINd INTERCONNECTING SHELLS Filed March 20, 1961 2| l6 I IS I8 WWW L H9] 3 33 24 lo l4 23 INVENTOR.

BY L

AIL m ys CHESTER A. PURDY Uited States Patent 3,070,766 COIL CASING COMPRISING INTERCONNECTING SHELLS Chester A. Purdy, Belmont, Wis., assignor to Ransburg Electra-Coating Corp., Indianapolis, Ind., a corporation of Indiana Filed Mar. 20, 1961, Ser. No. 96,883 13 Claims. (Cl. 336-90) This invention relates to electrical apparatus and more particularly to a high voltage insulating barrier.

In high voltage transformers one method heretofore commonly used to insulate the secondary coil of the transformer is to mount it on a tube of insulating material near the center thereof, with a primary coil carried within said tube. The insulating tube, with the secondary coil carried around it and the primary coil carried within it, is mounted on a leg of the transformer core and the entire assembly is immersed in a bath of insulating oil. In this manner, the thickness of the insulating tube provides an insulating barrier between the two coils, and the portions of the tube projecting outwardly from either side of the secondary coil provide an extended surface insulation path to the grounded core and the low voltage primary coil. The insulating oil bath filling the space between the secondary coil and the core provides the necessary insulation between said coil and the core. As will be apparent, to provide adequate insulating thicknesses and surface insulation paths of adequate length in this type of construction, it is necessary to employ a transformer core having a large window. This requires the core legs to have excessive lengths, which thus renders such construction relatively expensive, and necessitates the use of a large, cumbersome transformer housing.

It is thus the general object of this invention to pro vide an insulating barrier for a high voltage coil which will overcome the disadvantages described above. More specifically, it is an object of this invention to provide an insulating barrier for a high voltage coil which will have a high dielectric strength, and which will be of compact size while still providing substantial insulating thicknesses and relatively long surface insulation paths. It is still a further object of this invention to provide such an insulating barrier which can be easily manufactured from inexpensive plastic material, and which can be quickly and easily mounted around a high voltage coil.

In accordance with one form of the invention, there is provided a pair of mating shells of insulating material, each of which comprises an annular web interconnecting a plurality of rims extending axially outwardly from one face of said Web. The rims have diameters which permit the two shells to be inserted one within the other in opposed relationship. In this opposed relationship, the shells define an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil to insulate said coil from the associated electrical components with which it may be employed, as the primary coil and core of a high voltage transformer. Desirably, the walls of the shell rims abut each other in interfitting engagement to releasably retain the shells in their opposed relationship.

Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent from the more detailed description which follows and from'the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a transverse cross-sectional view of an in sulating barrier embodying the invention, and showing a high voltage coil carried therein:

FIG. 2 is an exploded isometric view of the insulating barrier shown in FIG. 1, but with portions thereof broken away; and

FIG. 3 is an isometric view of the insulating barrier shown in FIG. 1, with portions of said barrier broken 3,070,766 Patented Dec. 25, 1962 away, and showing said barrier in association with a transformer core and coil assembly.

My invention comprises an insulating barrier for a high voltage coil and includes a pair of mating shells 10 and 12. Conveniently, the shells10 and 12 may be molded from a plastic insulating material having a high dielectric strength, for example, polyethylene, polypropylene, or the like. in the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the shell 10 includes an annular web 14 integrally connected to an inner pair of cylindrical rims 15 and 15 projecting axially from the inner edge of the web 14, and an outer pair of cylindrical rims 16 and 16 projecting axially from the outer edge of the web 14. Likewise, the shell 12 includes an annular web 17 interconnecting an inner pair of cylindrical rims 18 and 18 projecting axially from the inner edge of said web, and an outer pair of cylindrical rims 19 and 19 projecting axially from the outer edge of the web 17. Desirably, the pairs of rims on both shells 10 and 12 have the same axial lengths, and their webs 14 and 17 have substantially equal radii.

As shown in FIG. 1, the rims are spaced from the common axis of the two shells to permit said rims to be received one over the other in an interleaved relationship, so that the shells 10 and 12 define an enclosed annulus which will encase a high voltage coil 20. It is of course necessary that the coil connecting wires 21 and 23 project outwarly through the barrier. Accordingly, each of said coil wires may project through a small opening formed in one of the shell webs, as illustrated at 13; or alternatively, the rims on the shells may be provided with notches, as illustrated at 22, which will overlap when the shells are assembled in their opposed relationship to provide a small wire-carrying opening. Conveniently, a riser 24 may be formed on the inner face of the rim 15' for reception in a mating depression in the coil 20 to prevent said coil from rotating within said barrier and thus disconnecting the terminal connections of the wires 21 and 23.

When the rims on the shells 10 and 12 are interleaved their axially extending faces abut each other and friction'ally retain the shells in interfitting opposed relationship. As shown in FIG. 1, the faces of the rims on one or both of the shells 10 and 12 may be tapered, as at 25 and 26, to enhance the frictional engagement of the rims and insure retention of the shells in interfitting engagement. More importantly, however, such a tapered rim configuration provides a greater insulating effectiveness for any given thickness of overlapping rims than if the individual overlapping rims had uniform thicknesses.

Present day molding techniques preclude the use of insulating plastic material to form thick walled shell webs and rims. If the shell walls are molded to a thickness in excess of about one-quarter of an inch, air pockets may be formed in the plastic which reduce its elfective insulating thickness, and because of their small dielectric strength, such air pockets form internal spark gaps within the plastic. Sparking across air pockets causes the plastic material surrounding them to erode, resulting in a further reduction in insulating thickness, and eventually resulting in a puncture extending completely through the plastic destroying its effectiveness as an insulating barrier.

Thus, when the shells are formed as plastic moldings, the thicknesses of their walls becomes a limiting factor, and it is desirable to form the shells with rims and webs having wall thicknesses in the range of from about one thirty-second of an inch to one-quarter of an inch. When the barrier is to be used with a coil operating at a voltage higher than that which a single wall of insulation can protect against, it is necessary to employ shells having pluralities of rims at the inner and outer circumferences of their webs. The use of shells having such pluralities of rims also provides an insulating barrier with spark paths of extended lengths. The embodiment of my invention illustrated in the drawings shows a barrier employing such pluralities of rims in which each of the shells has a pair of rims at both the inner and outer edges of its web, with the outer pairs of rims 16 and 16 and 19 and 19' interleaved to form an insulating thickness extending around the outer periphery of the coil 20, and the inner pairs of rims and 15 and 1S and 18 inter leaved to form an insulating thickness extending around the inner periphery of the coil. This interleaving arrangement of my shell rims also provides long surface insulation paths. As will be apparent from FIG. 1, any surface-tracking spark from the coil 20 has to follow a sinuous path along the mating surfaces of the interleaving rims on the two shells.

These annular insulating thicknesses and spark path lengths defined by the shell rims may be increased or decreased by the number of rims formed on the shells. However, to provide the necessary insulating thicknesses at the shell webs, it may be necessary to employ more than two shells. Where more than two shells are employed, they are nested together with their rims disposed one over the other in overlapping relationship in the same manner as shown in the drawings. The use of such additional shells will also necessarily increase the annular insulating thicknesses and spark path lengths defined by the shell rims. However, it is to be understood that any desired number of rims may be formed at the inner and outer edges of the shell webs and that any number of shells greater than two may be employed without departing from the scope of my invention.

In FIG. 3, my insulating barrier is shown in association with a transformer core and a primary low voltage coil 32. The configuration of my barrier is such that the coil 32 may be received in the axially extending opening defined by the inner pairs of shell rims, and the coil 32 with the surrounding insulating barrier containing the secondary coil 20 may thus be disposed around one leg of the core 30. The interleaving shell rims provide an insulating thickness insulating the secondary coil 20 carried within the shells from the primary coil 32 and from the adjacent legs of the core 30. Conveniently, to prevent rotation of the barrier on the core 30, each of the shell webs 14 and 17 may be provided on its outer face with a pair of parallel ribs 33 which abut the side faces of one of the core legs adjacent the leg upon which the barrier is carried.

It is to be understood that it is still contemplated that the assembly shown in FIG. 3 is to be immersed in a bath of insulating oil, and that the interfitting relationship of the shells 10 ad 12 will allow the oil to fill the voids between said shells and the coil carried within them. i

I claim:

1. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, comprising a pair of shells formed of an insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular Web interconnecting a plurality of rims projecting axially of said web, said shells being disposed in opposed relationship with their rims overlapping each other.

2. An insulating barrier as set forth in claim 1 in which the faces of the rims on said shells are adapted to mate with each other.

3. An insulating barrier as set forth in claim 1 in which the faces of the rims on said shells are provided with mating tapers.

4'. An insulating barrier as set forth in claim 1 in whichat least one of said shells has a plurality of said rims adjacent the outer peripheral edge of its web, and the rims on said shells adjacent their outer peripheral edges on said shells adjacent their inner peripheral edges are interleaved.

6. An insulating barrier as set forth in claim 1 in which each of said shells has a plurality of said rims adjacent the inner peripheral edge of its web and a plurality of said rims adjacent the'outer peripheral edge of its web, and the rims on said shells are interleaved.

7. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, comprising a pair of shells formed of a plastic insulating terial and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of concentric rims projecting axially from the inner and outer peripheral edges of said web, the rims on said pair of shells being interleaved in frictional engagement with each other for releasably retaining said shells joined together in opposed relationship, and means on at least one of said shells lockingly engageable with a coil carried in said barrier for retaining said coil in a fixed angular position about the axis of the barrier.

8. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, comprising a pair of shells formed of a plastic insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of concentric rims projecting axially from the inner and outer peripheral edges of said web, the rims on said pair of shells being interleaved in frictional engagement with each other for releasably retaining said shells joined together in opposed relationship, and means on the outer face of at least one of said shells lockingly engageable with a transformer core for retaining said barrier in a fixed position thereon 9. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, com-- prising a pair of shells formed from a plastic insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil and for reception on the leg of a core, each of said shells comprising an annular web having one: or more concentric rims projecting axially from its outer peripheral edge and one or more concentric rims projecting axially from its inner peripheral edge, the rims on said pair of shells being interleaved in frictional engagement with each other for releasably retaining said shells joined together around said coil, at least one of said rims being engageable with said coil and having a riser lockingly' engageable with said coil for retaining said coil from rotation within said barrier, and a pair of parallel ribs formed on the outwardly presented faces of said webs, whereby the rims adjacent the inner edges of the webswill support the barrier on said core leg and said ribs will engage an adjacent pair of core legs for retaining said barrier in a fixed position on said core.

10. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, com

prising a pair of shells formed of a plastic insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of concentric rims projecting axially from the inner and outer peripheral edges of said Web, the faces of the rims on said pair of shells frictionally engaging each other to releasably re-- tain said shells joined together in opposed relationship.

11. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, com

prising a plurality of shells formed of plastic insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of rims projecting axially of said web, said shells being disposed in opposed relationships with their rims overlapping each other.

l2. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, com

prising a pair of shells formed of an insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of rims projecting axially of said web, said shells being disposed inopposed relationship with their rims overlapping each other, and at least one of said shells being provided with one or more openir-gs through which the connecting wires for said coil may extend.

13. An insulating barrier for a high voltage coil, comprising a pair of shells formed of an insulating material and defining an enclosed annulus for encasing a high voltage coil, each of said shells comprising an annular web interconnecting a plurality of rims projecting axially of said web, said shells being disposed in opposed relationship with their rims overlapping each other, and the rims on said shells being provided With elongated slots operatively associated with each other when said rims are in their overlapping relationship to define one or more openings through which the connecting wires for said coil may extend.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238327A (en) * 1964-10-27 1966-03-01 Automatic Elect Lab Reed relay for printed circuit module
US3443257A (en) * 1967-06-08 1969-05-06 Gen Electric Mounted toroidal electrical component
US3480893A (en) * 1968-07-01 1969-11-25 Automatic Elect Lab Toroidal reed switch
US3781741A (en) * 1973-02-06 1973-12-25 N Weiner Transformer assembly
US3787766A (en) * 1972-02-22 1974-01-22 Duncan Electric Co Inc Meter magnet with strip-wound current coil
FR2431171A1 (en) * 1978-07-14 1980-02-08 Siemens Ag X=ray tube heater transformer - has two=part former producing shroud over secondary winding
FR2447124A1 (en) * 1979-01-17 1980-08-14 Cosmofil Degaussing coil
US4510476A (en) * 1983-06-21 1985-04-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration High voltage isolation transformer
US4646803A (en) * 1984-06-28 1987-03-03 Allied Corporation Case for protecting a magnetic core
DE3605629A1 (en) * 1986-02-21 1987-09-03 Koch & Sterzel Kg High Voltage Transformer
US4714909A (en) * 1985-05-29 1987-12-22 Hewlett-Packard Company Support for transformer windings
DE3636938A1 (en) * 1986-10-30 1988-05-11 Thomson Cgr Filament converter for a roentgengenerator
WO1995006950A1 (en) * 1993-09-02 1995-03-09 Melcher Ag Transformer
US5404123A (en) * 1993-03-01 1995-04-04 At&T Corp. Modular transformer structure providing enhanced leakage inductance and winding isolation
US5559486A (en) * 1991-11-28 1996-09-24 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Bobbin for high frequency core
US6137394A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-10-24 General Electric Company Ground insulation for coils
US20060009052A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Ralf Hoffmann Relay, in particular for a plug installation, and method for the production thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1763114A (en) * 1927-04-02 1930-06-10 Belden Mfg Co Electric coil and transformer and process for making same
US2455875A (en) * 1944-07-10 1948-12-07 Gen Electric Inductance unit
US2608610A (en) * 1950-01-28 1952-08-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Transformer
US2876425A (en) * 1959-03-03 hampel

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2876425A (en) * 1959-03-03 hampel
US1763114A (en) * 1927-04-02 1930-06-10 Belden Mfg Co Electric coil and transformer and process for making same
US2455875A (en) * 1944-07-10 1948-12-07 Gen Electric Inductance unit
US2608610A (en) * 1950-01-28 1952-08-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Transformer

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238327A (en) * 1964-10-27 1966-03-01 Automatic Elect Lab Reed relay for printed circuit module
US3443257A (en) * 1967-06-08 1969-05-06 Gen Electric Mounted toroidal electrical component
US3480893A (en) * 1968-07-01 1969-11-25 Automatic Elect Lab Toroidal reed switch
US3787766A (en) * 1972-02-22 1974-01-22 Duncan Electric Co Inc Meter magnet with strip-wound current coil
US3781741A (en) * 1973-02-06 1973-12-25 N Weiner Transformer assembly
FR2431171A1 (en) * 1978-07-14 1980-02-08 Siemens Ag X=ray tube heater transformer - has two=part former producing shroud over secondary winding
FR2447124A1 (en) * 1979-01-17 1980-08-14 Cosmofil Degaussing coil
US4510476A (en) * 1983-06-21 1985-04-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration High voltage isolation transformer
US4646803A (en) * 1984-06-28 1987-03-03 Allied Corporation Case for protecting a magnetic core
US4714909A (en) * 1985-05-29 1987-12-22 Hewlett-Packard Company Support for transformer windings
DE3605629A1 (en) * 1986-02-21 1987-09-03 Koch & Sterzel Kg High Voltage Transformer
DE3636938A1 (en) * 1986-10-30 1988-05-11 Thomson Cgr Filament converter for a roentgengenerator
US5559486A (en) * 1991-11-28 1996-09-24 Tohoku Ricoh Co., Ltd. Bobbin for high frequency core
US5404123A (en) * 1993-03-01 1995-04-04 At&T Corp. Modular transformer structure providing enhanced leakage inductance and winding isolation
WO1995006950A1 (en) * 1993-09-02 1995-03-09 Melcher Ag Transformer
US6137394A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-10-24 General Electric Company Ground insulation for coils
US20060009052A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Ralf Hoffmann Relay, in particular for a plug installation, and method for the production thereof

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