US3069727A - Method for forming shell molded cores - Google Patents

Method for forming shell molded cores Download PDF

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US3069727A
US3069727A US10800A US1080060A US3069727A US 3069727 A US3069727 A US 3069727A US 10800 A US10800 A US 10800A US 1080060 A US1080060 A US 1080060A US 3069727 A US3069727 A US 3069727A
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die
opening
process
material
section
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US10800A
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Ladd C Shramek
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Bendix Corp
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Bendix Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C9/00Moulds or cores; Moulding processes
    • B22C9/10Cores; Manufacture or installation of cores
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/022Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor characterised by the choice of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/94Lubricating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/03Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/275Recovery or reuse of energy or materials
    • B29C48/277Recovery or reuse of energy or materials of materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/275Recovery or reuse of energy or materials
    • B29C48/277Recovery or reuse of energy or materials of materials
    • B29C48/278Recovery or reuse of energy or materials of materials of additives or processing aids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/285Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder
    • B29C48/298Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder in a location other than through a barrel, e.g. through a screw
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/94Lubricating
    • B29C48/95Lubricating by adding lubricant to the moulding material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2101/00Use of unspecified macromolecular compounds as moulding material
    • B29K2101/10Thermosetting resins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2301/00Use of unspecified macromolecular compounds as reinforcement
    • B29K2301/10Thermosetting resins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/055Polytetrafluoroethylene, i.e. PTFE
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/115Lubricator

Description

METHOD FOR FORMING SHELL MOLDED CORE-S Original Filed Aug. 15, 1956 ll \\Q II "a Q n 3 w k INVENTOR.

Lgpo C. SHRAMEK AT TOE. EY

@niteri 3,669,727 Patented Dec. 25, 1962 3,069,727 METHOD FOR HFGRMING SHELL MiBLDED CORE Ladd C. Shramek, Benton Harbor, Mich, assignor to The Bendix Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Continuation of application Ser. No. 663,729, Aug. 13, $56. This appiication Feb. 24, 196%), Ser. No. 16,801

4 Ciaiins. (Cl. 18-55) The present invention relates to a process for continuously extruding cores, and to a machine for making the same; and more particularly to a continuous process for making shell molded cores, and to a machine for making the same. This is a continuation application of my copending application No. 603,720 filed August 13, 1956 and now abandoned.

During World War II, there was developed in Germany a process for producing sand molds using a thermal setting resin as a binder. The process utilized a heated metal pattern upon which a mixture of sand and resin were placed until the resin partially solidified to produce a thin shell of approximately /4" to /2 in thickness. The shell is then removed to an oven where the heating process is continued until the resin is completely cured. The casting of metals in molds of the above type has revolutionized the foundry art; and the process has become known as the shell molding process.

An object of the present invention is the provision of a process whereby shell molded cores can be continuously produced in an extrusion die.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved process of extruding shell molded cores through an opening in a die having leading and trailing portions and comprising feeding a material comprising sand and a thermal setting resin to the leading portion of the opening, compacting the material in the leading portion of the opening in said die while mainaining the material below the thermal setting temperatures of the resin, and heating the material in the trailing portion of the opening to the thermal setting temperatures of the resin while the material passes through the die.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved process of extruding shell molded cores as outlined above wherein a lubricant is provided to facilitate the passing of the material through the die.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved process as outlined above wherein a lubricant is fed to at least a portion of the surfaces of the leading portion of the opening through the die to facilitate the passing of the material through the die.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved process as set forth above wherein a lubricant is injected through porous surfaces of the leading portion of the die to facilitate the passing of the material through the die.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved extruding machine comprising a die having an opening therethrough provided with leading and trailing portions, means for feeding granular material to the leading portion of said opening, the leading portion of said die and feed means being adapted to compact the material in the leading portion of said die opening, means for maintaining the leading portion of said die below a predetermined temperature, and means for heating the trailing portion of said die above a predetermined temperature.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved core extruding machine of the above described type having means in the side walls of the die for feeding a lubricant to the surface of the leading portion of its extrusion opening.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved core extruding machine as described above wherein at least a portion of the surface forming the leading portion of said extrusion opening is made from a porous material through which liquid can be fed to the inside of said opening.

Further objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates from the following description of the preferred process and apparatus for performing the same, described with reference to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification, and in which:

The single figure of the drawing is a cross-sectional view of a core extruding machine adapted to carry out the process of the present invention and embodying structural features thereof.

The core extruding machine shown in the drawing generally comprises a hopper body 10 having a generally cylindrical lower portion 712 fed by an inverted pyramidal shaped upper portion 14. A cylindrical shaped die housing 16 projects from the forward face of the lower portion 12; and a feed screw 18 is positioned in the hopper body it? coaxial with the longitudinal axis of the die housing 16. The die housing 16 is bored out to receive replaceable extrusion dies 28 having a die opening 22 therethrough. The die shown in the drawing is formed in two sections. The inner section 24 of the die is a generally sleeve like portion adapted to be seated in the inner end of the bore 26; and the outer section 28 is a generally annularly shaped portion of slightly larger external diameter adapted to be threaded into a counterbore 30 in the outer end of the die housing 16. The outer end of die section 28 is provided with a hexagonal nut shaped flange 32 by means of which it can be tightened into place, and a gasket 34 is positioned in the end of the counterbore 30 between the sections 24 and 23 for reasons which will later be apparent.

The core extruding machine shown in the drawing is adapted to continually make annularly shaped or hollow sand cores having a thermal setting resin as a binder. Core extruding machines using feed screws have been used prior to applicants invention for making green sand molds using a starch or clay as a binder. Processes of this kind have required that the cores be heated subse quent to the extrusion process as for example in core drying ovens in order to harden the binder. Thermal setting resins, and in particular phenolforrnaldehyde resin, set up into a very hard substance upon heating, and prior to applicants invention it has been generally thought impossible to both extrude and cure a core having a thermal setting resin as a binder in one operation. It has been discovered by applicant that if the heating of the resin above its thermal setting temperature is confined to the outer portion of a suitable die, cores can be continuously extruded using a thermal setting resin as a binder. It has further been found that auger type feed screws produce a compacting of the sand in a certain leading portion of the die and that damage to the equipment can be averted if certain precautions, hereinafter to be described, are taken.

The outer section 28 of the die shown in the drawing is confined to the trailing portion of the die assembly following the leading portion 24 in which the compacting operation is confined. In the preferred embodiment shown in the drawing, heat is imparted to the outer section 28 of the die by means of a plurality of bayonet type heating elements each of which are positioned in an individual one of a plurality of longitudinally extending bores 38 spaced around the die opening 22. By suitably balancing the temperature of the heating elements 36 and the speed of rotation of the feed screw 13, temperature of the material fed to the compacting zone Within the inner die section 24 can be kept below the thermal setting temperature of the resin and satisfactory results obtained. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the inner die section 24 may also be cooled such that the temperature of the heating elements 36 may be raised to provide increased heat transfer to the core material within the outer die section 28 and a faster rate of production achieved. It has further been found that considerably less horse power will be required to drive the feed screw 18, and improved results will be obtained generally, if a lubricant such as a silicon emulsion is provided on the surfaces of the die opening 22 on the inner section 24 of the die.

In the preferred embodiment shown in the drawing, the inner die section 24 is made from a porous material produced by means of powdered metallurgy. Any suitable porous material may be utilizedone such material will be porous bronze. The annular inner die section 24 is provided with annular grooves 40 and 42 in its outer surface-one at each end of the section. A fluid inlet opening 44 is provided in the die housing 16 opposite the annular groove 40, and a similar fluid outlet opening 46 is provided in the die housing 16 opposite the annular groove 42. Fluid communication between the inlet annular groove 4% and the outlet annular groove 42 is provided by means of a plurality of longitudinally extending grooves 4-3 out in the outer surface of the die section 24. Cooling of the inner die section 24 may be accomplished by regulating the temperature and amount of fluid circulated past the inner die section through grooves 40, 4S and 42. The fluid pumped through the inner die section 24 will preferably be a lubricant such as a silicon emulsion and by suitably throttling the outlet 46, a back pressure will be exerted on the outer surface of the die section to force the lubricant through the porous die section to coat the side walls of the die opening 22. Lubricant flowing past the die section 24 will of course pick up heat and may be cooled by any suitable means and returned to the pump supplying fluid inlet opening 44. The gasket 34 serves the purpose of preventing the lubricant from leaking into the threads between the outer die section 28 and the die housing and further serves to limit heat transfer from the outer die section 28 to the inner die section 24. Any suitable gasket material may be used, as for example a graphite impregnated asbestos fiber gasket and the outer die section 28 may be provided with a slightly raised annular surface 5d adjacent its outer surface to provide increased bearing pressure with respect to the shoulder 52 in the bottom of the counterbcre 36. Other methods of lubricating the internal surfaces of the die might be utilized, as for example by mixing a lubricant with the material fed to the hopper 14, or by providing a plurality of small drilled passageways between the recess 4'1) and the die opening 22. Each of these methods, however, have some disadvantages over the use of an inner die section made from a porous material.

It will be apparent that the objects heretofore enumerated as well as others have been accomplished and that there has been provided a new and improved method of continuously producing foundry cores and the like using a thermal setting resin a a binder. It will also be apparent that there also has been provided a new and improved machine for carrying out this process. While the preferred process and machine for carrying out the process have been described in considerable detail I do not wish to be limited to the particular details shown and/ or described which may be varied within the scope of the invention, and it is the intensio-n to cover hereby all adaptations, modifications and arrangements thereof which come within the practice of those skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

I claim:

1. A continuous process for forming shell molded cores comprising the steps of continuously supplying a mixture of sand and thermal setting resin with an open chamber, displacing the mixture from said chamber as a continuous flow to within a confining chamber having a surrounding wall with a lubricated heat-insulated surface, effecting a pressure on said mixture developed in a direction transversely to the direction of flow of said mixture to compress the mixture against the surrounding Walls of said confining chamber while said mixture is contained therein and developed in a direction of flow to displace the compacted material through said confining chamber and an open ended heating chamber, said pressure developed in said transverse direction being of gradually diminishing value decreasing in the direction of flow and ceasing to exist in said open ended heating chamber, advancing the compacted material by said pressure to within said open ended heating chamber defined by heated walls effecting polymerization of the resin content of the material as it passes therethrough.

2. The core making process in accordance with claim 1 including the steps of forcing a lubricant under pressure through the walls of said confined chamber to provide both lubrication and cooling at the surface thereof.

3. The core making process in accordance with claim 2 wherein said cooling and lubrication medium is comprised of silicon emulsion forming a coating at the interior surface of the confined chamber.

4. The process in accordance with claim 1 including the step of continuously rotating an auger feed screw having the larger diameter flight disposed within the open chamber and the diminishing diameter flights within said confined chamber, said auger screw being rotated to effect flow at a rate providing substantially complete polymerization prior to emergence of said flow from the exit opening of the heated chamber.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 698,767 Wadsworth Apr. 29, 1902 2,117,179 Kopp May 10, 1938 2,579,815 Gialanella Dec. 25, 1951 2,597,553 Weber May 20, 1952

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3217360A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-11-16 Monsanto Co Apparatus for selectively controlling the extrusion of plastic material
US3260774A (en) * 1963-01-21 1966-07-12 Tensolite Insulated Wire Co In Method for the continuous extrusion of unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene powder
US3349432A (en) * 1965-09-03 1967-10-31 Rubbermaid Inc Continuous mixing machines
FR2172788A1 (en) * 1972-02-22 1973-10-05 Aquitaine Total Organico
US3767346A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-10-23 Fmc Corp Film extrusion die
US3792950A (en) * 1972-09-08 1974-02-19 Cumberland Eng Co Pelletizing apparatus
US3981959A (en) * 1973-11-12 1976-09-21 Leesona Corporation Pelletizing method
US4184832A (en) * 1974-02-10 1980-01-22 Leesona Corporation Die construction
US4251477A (en) * 1977-10-03 1981-02-17 Plymouth Locomotive Works, Inc. On-line fluid injecting method
US4786457A (en) * 1984-10-08 1988-11-22 Noritake Co., Limited Jiggering method and profile tool for ceramic ware plastic clay
US4797242A (en) * 1983-03-29 1989-01-10 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated Method for shaping thermosetting resins
US4840552A (en) * 1987-06-22 1989-06-20 Fujikura Ltd. Apparatus for continuously producing heat-shrinkable crosslinked resin tube
US4938674A (en) * 1989-01-02 1990-07-03 Liberman Semen Y Extruder head for making anticorrosive tubular polymeric film
US5393536A (en) * 1993-04-05 1995-02-28 Crane Plastics Company Coextrusion apparatus
US5578337A (en) * 1995-02-02 1996-11-26 Rich Sea-Pak Corporation Process for extruding gelled product
US5741531A (en) * 1995-01-31 1998-04-21 Borden, Inc. Heating element for a pasta die and a method for extruding pasta
US5916599A (en) * 1996-11-14 1999-06-29 Illinois Institute Of Technology Apparatus for generating generally uniform compression in high-viscosity liquids
US6086351A (en) * 1993-02-26 2000-07-11 Rich-Seapack Corporation Apparatus for two phase conveyance of a product
US20080089969A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-17 Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd. Barrel head of extruder of molding system, barrel head having outer and inner portions, amongst other things

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US698767A (en) * 1901-12-05 1902-04-29 George H Wadsworth Core-making machine.
US2117179A (en) * 1931-07-30 1938-05-10 Kopp Peter Apparatus for production of molded articles
US2579815A (en) * 1948-11-27 1951-12-25 Celanese Corp Extrusion apparatus
US2597553A (en) * 1948-09-17 1952-05-20 Donald J Weber Apparatus for lubricating plastic materials undergoing extrusion

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US698767A (en) * 1901-12-05 1902-04-29 George H Wadsworth Core-making machine.
US2117179A (en) * 1931-07-30 1938-05-10 Kopp Peter Apparatus for production of molded articles
US2597553A (en) * 1948-09-17 1952-05-20 Donald J Weber Apparatus for lubricating plastic materials undergoing extrusion
US2579815A (en) * 1948-11-27 1951-12-25 Celanese Corp Extrusion apparatus

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3217360A (en) * 1962-11-13 1965-11-16 Monsanto Co Apparatus for selectively controlling the extrusion of plastic material
US3260774A (en) * 1963-01-21 1966-07-12 Tensolite Insulated Wire Co In Method for the continuous extrusion of unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene powder
US3349432A (en) * 1965-09-03 1967-10-31 Rubbermaid Inc Continuous mixing machines
US3767346A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-10-23 Fmc Corp Film extrusion die
FR2172788A1 (en) * 1972-02-22 1973-10-05 Aquitaine Total Organico
FR2198815A1 (en) * 1972-09-08 1974-04-05 Cumberland Eng Co
US3792950A (en) * 1972-09-08 1974-02-19 Cumberland Eng Co Pelletizing apparatus
US3981959A (en) * 1973-11-12 1976-09-21 Leesona Corporation Pelletizing method
US4184832A (en) * 1974-02-10 1980-01-22 Leesona Corporation Die construction
US4251477A (en) * 1977-10-03 1981-02-17 Plymouth Locomotive Works, Inc. On-line fluid injecting method
US4797242A (en) * 1983-03-29 1989-01-10 Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated Method for shaping thermosetting resins
US4786457A (en) * 1984-10-08 1988-11-22 Noritake Co., Limited Jiggering method and profile tool for ceramic ware plastic clay
US4840552A (en) * 1987-06-22 1989-06-20 Fujikura Ltd. Apparatus for continuously producing heat-shrinkable crosslinked resin tube
US4938674A (en) * 1989-01-02 1990-07-03 Liberman Semen Y Extruder head for making anticorrosive tubular polymeric film
US6086351A (en) * 1993-02-26 2000-07-11 Rich-Seapack Corporation Apparatus for two phase conveyance of a product
US5393536A (en) * 1993-04-05 1995-02-28 Crane Plastics Company Coextrusion apparatus
US5741531A (en) * 1995-01-31 1998-04-21 Borden, Inc. Heating element for a pasta die and a method for extruding pasta
US5578337A (en) * 1995-02-02 1996-11-26 Rich Sea-Pak Corporation Process for extruding gelled product
US5916599A (en) * 1996-11-14 1999-06-29 Illinois Institute Of Technology Apparatus for generating generally uniform compression in high-viscosity liquids
US20080089969A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-17 Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd. Barrel head of extruder of molding system, barrel head having outer and inner portions, amongst other things

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