US3067900A - Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap - Google Patents

Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3067900A
US3067900A US4597860A US3067900A US 3067900 A US3067900 A US 3067900A US 4597860 A US4597860 A US 4597860A US 3067900 A US3067900 A US 3067900A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
cap
pressure
sealing
gas
self
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Kessler Milton
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MILTON KESSLER
Original Assignee
MILTON KESSLER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D51/00Closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D51/16Closures not otherwise provided for with means for venting air or gas
    • B65D51/1633Closures not otherwise provided for with means for venting air or gas whereby venting occurs by automatic opening of the closure, container or other element
    • B65D51/1661Closures not otherwise provided for with means for venting air or gas whereby venting occurs by automatic opening of the closure, container or other element by means of a passage for the escape of gas between the closure and the lip of the container mouth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/04Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation
    • B65D41/0407Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with integral sealing means
    • B65D41/0428Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with integral sealing means formed by a collar, flange, rib or the like contacting the top rim or the top edges or the external surface of a container neck
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/16Snap-on caps or cap-like covers
    • B65D41/18Snap-on caps or cap-like covers non-metallic, e.g. made of paper or plastics

Description

Dec. 11, 1962 M. KESSLER 3,067,900

' SELF-VENTING PRESSURE-RELEASE SEALING CAP Filed July 28, 1960 INVENTOR MiHon Kessler ATTORNEY United States Patent 9 3,067,900 SELF-VENTING PRESSURE-RELEASE SEALING CAP Milton Kessler, 4535 Grove Drive, Youngstown, Ohio Filed July 28, 1960, Ser. No. 45,978 4 Claims. (Cl. 215-56) This invention relates to scaling caps such as are used for closure of bottles, screw-type metal cans, and the likeand has for its primary object the provision of a unitary plastic cap providing a completely fluid-tight enclosure for such containers and which has the additional feature of being automatically self-venting for use with containers in which a dangerous gas pressure may be developed, whereby the cap automatically provides for venting for any excess gas when a predetermined pressure is attained.

Plastic caps, such as for example screw-type bottle caps, have come into wide-spread use. However, since the plastic cap must be made sufliciently rigid so that it can be tightly screwed down to provide a good fluid seal, the material of the cap interior which engages the lip of the on'fice or pouring spout which it closes is necessarily too stiff and rigid to of itself provide a good fluid seal. It has therefore been the general practice to insert into the cap a disc of resilient material such as cork, cardboard, etc., and to face this disc with another disc of waterproof material such as metal foil or thin plastic. This enables the screw cap to be screwed down tightly enough so that the resilient material is compressed and forces the waterproof material into fluid-tight engagement with the lip of the container. This type of fabrication is obviously more expensive than a unitary molded bottle cap would be, and efforts have been made to provide a unitary plastic cap which is reusable, but yet forms a satisfactory liquid seal. My copending application, Serial No. 845,815, filed October 12, 1959, for Unitary Plastic Sealing Cap, shows such a cap, and the present invention is based upon the structure shown in that application, but with improvements which provide a new and useful function.

Some fluids which are sold at retail in sealed bottles have the characteristic of slowly developing pressure due to the generation of gas in the fluid. This is true, for example, of certain bleaching fluids, where the presence of minute impurities such as metal particles dissolved in the fluid, will slowly cause the generation of gas which can reach a dangerous pressure which may cause the entire bottle to explode. Another example is in the case of certain food products, where in the case of insuflicient sterili' zation, decomposition may cause dangerous pressures to occur. For some such instances, there is a requirement that the cap or seal used be self-venting, i.e., it must release gas whenever the pressure exceeds a certain predetermmed amount, so as to relieve the internal gas pressure and prevent the possibility of an explosion. This has heretofore required expensive and complicated mechanism. A major object of the invention is to provide an inexpensive, unitary, one-piece cap of homogeneous plastic material, which automatically accomplishes this function.

Another object of the invention is to provide a plastic sealing cap which maintains a constant predetermined sealing pressure under all conditions.

Sealing caps are commonly applied to the container by automatic bottling and capping machinery, and where screw-type caps are employed, the cap applying machinery must apply a certain torque to the cap, within relatively narrow limits, in order to insure adequate sealing. This is often difficult to achieve within the prescribed limits-too high a screw-down torque will often strip or damage the cap, while insufficient screw-down torque will not provide adequate sealing. It is another object of the invention to minimize this problem, by providing a screw-type cap which is adequately sealed within a wide range of torques.

The specific nature of my invention as well as other objects and advantages thereof will clearly appear from a description of a preferred embodiment, as shown in the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a cross section taken through the central axis of a cap according to the invention, showing the novel construction;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1 showing the cap applied to a bottle and screwed down tightly;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the invention applied to a snap-on type of cap; and

FIG. 6 is a sectional view of a modified form of the invention.

FIG. 1 is a sectional view showing the construction of the cap according to the invention. The cap has an entirely conventional exterior in configuration, and is screwthreaded internally as shown at 2. A sealing portion 3 consists of a thin-walled hollow conical frustrum or truncated cone having its base integrally joined to the cap at the interior junction of the flat top portion 4 and the tubular side wall portions 6 of the cap. The general construction is similar to that shown in my copending application previously referred to. Any suitable molding plastic may be used, such as a hard polyethylene or vinyl plastic, and the necessary resilience of the sealing element 3 is secured by making it sufliciently thin so that it is capable of proper resilient deformation to provide the necessary sealing force to press against the lip 7 of a bottle or other container (FIG. 2). On the upper side of sealing lip 3 there are provided a series of bosses or nodules 8, shown as six in number in the modification of FIGS. 1-3, and four in number in the modification of FIG. 5. The nodules are so proportioned that when the cap is screwed down a suificient distance as shown in FIG. 3, the nodules come in contact with the under side of the top surface 4, after which the cap is essentially rigid, after which further pressure in screwing down the cap will have no further effect. This is particularly useful in connection with automatic capping machines, because it provides a very definite pressure point at which the customary torque-responsive mechanism can be actuated.

In the manufacture of certain bleaches, and other chemically-active ingredients, particularly such as react with metals, it often occurs that a small amount of metallic material finds its way into the fluid, and in the course of time, this generates gas, the pressure of which may reach dangerous proportions. I have found by test and experiment that a cap constructed as shown above can be made to vent such pressures within any useful range. For example, one requirement is for a venting seal which will vent at pressures of about three pounds per square inch. By selecting a proper thickness of sealing lip 3 consistent with the material used and the size of the cap, and a proper spacing of nodules 8, I have produced caps which, when screwed down tight as shown in FIG. 3, will consistently release a train of gas bubbles (demonstrated by holding the entire assembly under water) Whenever the internal pressure, as indicated by an attached pressure gauge, is above three pounds. In this case, for a standard cap of approximately one inch diameter made of polyethylene, with six nodules, as shown in FIGS. 1-3, the average thickness of the sealing lip was in the order of inch, the cross section of the lip being somewhat tapered as shown in FIG. 4. It will be apparent that the dimensions will vary somewhat with the characteristics of the material used, but the selection of materials and proportions for each case is within the skill of the plastics designer and engineer. If a higher pressure range is required, a more rigid plastic or greater lip thickness may be employed, but it has been found readily practicable to construct caps which will function within the required range (for one use) of about three pounds. I am not certain of the reason why the construction shown operates as it does, but have found that caps so constructed are remarkably uniform in their characteristics and consistent in performance.

FIG. 5 shows essentially the same construction as FIG. 1, except that the screw thread is replaced by conventional lip 11, which cooperates with the customary out-turned lip 12 on the bottle to retain the cap in scaling position. The internal seal 3' is the same in construction as previously described, and cooperates with the bottle mouth in the same fashion. A tab 13 may be provided to facilitate removal of the cap. This type of cap is simply pressed on by hand is usually made of somewhat softer and more resilient plastic composition than the screvwtype caps shown above. It is usually employed as a replacement cap for the crimped metal caps such as are used on bottles containing soft drinks, beer, etc.

Due to the unitary one-piece construction described above, a homogeneous cap can be inexpensively fabricated by automatic production methods as shown in my copending application, Serial No. 30,609, filed May 20, 1969, for Method of Making Unitary Plastic Sealing Cap, at a lower cost than has heretofore been possible. The necessity for using a multi-pieoe cap construction is obviated, and a cap having very superior sealing qualities is obtained.

FIG. 6 shows a modification of the invention in which the sealing lip 3" is of exactly the same construction as described in my copending application, Serial No. 845,815, above referred to, i.e., without the nodules or bosses 8 show in FIGS. 1-3. However, a corresponding nodule S" is placed at a spaced series of points on the under side of surface 4" to achieve the same result as described above. It is obvious that when the cap is screwed down the sealing lip 3" presses against the nodules 8".

While I am not certain of the reason why the construction shown operates as it does, I believe that the explanation lies in the non-uniform deformation of sealing lip 3, which results from it being efiectively thick at some portions and thin at others around its circumference. This would appear to cause the sealing pressure at some points around the circumference to be so light that as the gas pressure rises, the gas can force its way out at these points. In other words, by virtue of the non-uniformity of the sealing lips, some portions of the sealing lip take the major portion of the strain as the cap is tightened, while intermediate portions seal with a relatively light pressure, and at these latter portions the gas can escape when it builds up sutricient pressure to overcome this relatively light sealing pressure. This is supported by the observed fact that when the cap (e.g., the one-inch cap previously described) is lightly tightened with the fingers, it will seal the gas up to about one pound pressure, and as the internal pressure rises above one pound per square inch, the gas begins to escape; however, if the cap is tightened more firmly, the gas does not begin to escape until the pressure arises to above a higher level, for example, three pounds pressure. No matter how tightly the cap is screwed down, with the one-inch cap described, the pressure cannot build up to more than approximately five pounds before the gas begins to escape. At this point, it would appear that the nodules or thickened portions 8 are resisting further pressure, probably by engaging the top of the cap as shown in FIG.

3; further torque exerted on the cap will only cause the thread engagement to fail, which occurs when excess torque is applied. However, it should be noted that effective venting occurs, although at lower pressure, even when the cap is not fully tightened; it is therefore apparent that the described venting and liquid sealing action occurs (although at a lower gas pressure) even though the nodules S are not engaged with the top 4, and I do not mean to be limited by any particular theory of operation.

The novel cap here described is not only very superior to conventional caps in ordinary use, but is very effective to vent gas wherever there is danger of high pressure building up within the container, before the pressure can rise to the dangerous level. The pressure at which venting occurs will, of course, vary with the construction and plastic material of the cap, but I have found it entirely feasible to make a seal which will vent a range of approximately 3-5 pounds pressure. This range of pressure assures that the seal will be adequate to meet the commercial specifications for a bottle seal, since it is equally undesirable that the seal should be too loose, which might permit the bottle liquid to leak out under normal conditions of storage and handling.

While I have shown the invention as applied to a glass bottle, it will be apparent that it is equally applicable to metal containers having screw-type pouring spouts, such as gasoline and oil cans, etc.

It will be apparent that the embodiments shown are only exemplary and that various modifications can be made in construction and arrangement within the scope of my invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A one-piece homogeneous plastic cap for bottles and the like, said cap having a side-wall portion providing a generally tubular hollow space closed at one end by a top portion, and a thin flexible sealing portion for resilient sealing engagement with the lip of a pouring spout to be closed by said cap, said sealing portion extending integrally from the interior surface of said cap for part of the distance toward the central axis of said tubular space, said sealing portion being in the shape of a hollow truncated cone having a decreasing transverse diameter in the direction away from said top portion, and a series of spaced nodules between said upper side and the inner surface of the top portion dimensioned to permit the sealing portion to flex a limited distance toward said inner surface.

2. The invention according to claim 1, said nodules being equally spaced from each other.

3. The invention according to claim 2, said spaced nodules being integral with said sealing portion and on the upper side thereof.

4. The invention according to claim 2, said spaced nodules being integral with the top portion of the lower side thereof, and extending part of the way toward said sealing portion.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,789,719 Wheaton Apr. 23, 1957 2,953,272 Mumford et al Sept. 20, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 62,853 France Feb. 16, 1955 (Addition to No. 1,054,118) 1,187,260 France Mar. 2, 1959

US3067900A 1960-07-28 1960-07-28 Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap Expired - Lifetime US3067900A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3067900A US3067900A (en) 1960-07-28 1960-07-28 Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3067900A US3067900A (en) 1960-07-28 1960-07-28 Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3067900A true US3067900A (en) 1962-12-11

Family

ID=21940892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3067900A Expired - Lifetime US3067900A (en) 1960-07-28 1960-07-28 Self-venting pressure-release sealing cap

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3067900A (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3393818A (en) * 1967-02-28 1968-07-23 Mack Wayne Plastics Co Plastic cap having pressure venting features
FR2187625A1 (en) * 1972-06-01 1974-01-18 Ump Venesta Ltd
US4196818A (en) * 1977-12-14 1980-04-08 Metal Closures Group Limited Closures for containers
EP0055916A1 (en) * 1980-12-22 1982-07-14 Tredegar Molded Products Company Closure
US4462502A (en) * 1980-12-22 1984-07-31 Ethyl Molded Products Company Threaded closure with liner
US4598835A (en) * 1983-10-29 1986-07-08 Metal Box Public Limited Company One-piece plastics closure
WO1988001596A1 (en) * 1986-09-04 1988-03-10 Zapata Industries, Inc. Linerless plastic closure with integral sealing ring
US5320236A (en) * 1992-04-27 1994-06-14 Owens-Illinois Closure Inc. Plastic container package with linerless sealing closure system
US5423444A (en) * 1988-06-17 1995-06-13 Mk Plastics Pty Ltd. Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5454489A (en) * 1994-01-21 1995-10-03 Colgate-Palmolive Company Pouring member having self sealing venting closure
WO1996026121A1 (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-08-29 Mcg Closures Limited Self-centering container closure
US5638972A (en) * 1988-06-17 1997-06-17 Druitt; Rodney Malcolm Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
GB2313115A (en) * 1995-02-21 1997-11-19 Metal Closures Group Ltd Self-centering container closure
US5782369A (en) * 1993-08-19 1998-07-21 Tansey; Charles Martin Linerless closure for container
US6126027A (en) * 1995-02-21 2000-10-03 Mcg Closures Limited Self-centering container closure
US6527132B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-03-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US7169418B2 (en) 2001-06-04 2007-01-30 The Procter And Gamble Company Packaging system to provide fresh packed coffee
US20080135514A1 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-06-12 Brosius James Ralph Linerless closure for a container
US20120273452A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2012-11-01 Soehnlen Daniel P Combined lip and shoulder seal for threaded cap

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1054118A (en) * 1952-07-09 1954-02-08 Universal Plug system without crimping, and seamless for caps and lids
US2789719A (en) * 1955-02-23 1957-04-23 Owens Illinois Glass Co Container closure fitment
FR1187260A (en) * 1956-11-27 1959-09-09 Cerbo Ab closure device of the mouth of a container
US2953272A (en) * 1958-02-27 1960-09-20 Owens Illinois Glass Co Closure caps for bottles and jars

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1054118A (en) * 1952-07-09 1954-02-08 Universal Plug system without crimping, and seamless for caps and lids
FR62853E (en) * 1952-07-09 1955-06-27 Universal Plug system without crimping and seamless for caps and lids
US2789719A (en) * 1955-02-23 1957-04-23 Owens Illinois Glass Co Container closure fitment
FR1187260A (en) * 1956-11-27 1959-09-09 Cerbo Ab closure device of the mouth of a container
US2953272A (en) * 1958-02-27 1960-09-20 Owens Illinois Glass Co Closure caps for bottles and jars

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3393818A (en) * 1967-02-28 1968-07-23 Mack Wayne Plastics Co Plastic cap having pressure venting features
FR2187625A1 (en) * 1972-06-01 1974-01-18 Ump Venesta Ltd
US4196818A (en) * 1977-12-14 1980-04-08 Metal Closures Group Limited Closures for containers
EP0055916A1 (en) * 1980-12-22 1982-07-14 Tredegar Molded Products Company Closure
US4462502A (en) * 1980-12-22 1984-07-31 Ethyl Molded Products Company Threaded closure with liner
US4598835A (en) * 1983-10-29 1986-07-08 Metal Box Public Limited Company One-piece plastics closure
WO1988001596A1 (en) * 1986-09-04 1988-03-10 Zapata Industries, Inc. Linerless plastic closure with integral sealing ring
US7431877B2 (en) 1988-06-17 2008-10-07 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5423444A (en) * 1988-06-17 1995-06-13 Mk Plastics Pty Ltd. Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6325228B1 (en) 1988-06-17 2001-12-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6082569A (en) * 1988-06-17 2000-07-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5638972A (en) * 1988-06-17 1997-06-17 Druitt; Rodney Malcolm Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5836464A (en) * 1988-06-17 1998-11-17 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure for beverage container
US20050184433A1 (en) * 1988-06-17 2005-08-25 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6805252B2 (en) 1988-06-17 2004-10-19 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Container and linerless closure combination
US5320236A (en) * 1992-04-27 1994-06-14 Owens-Illinois Closure Inc. Plastic container package with linerless sealing closure system
EP1043242A1 (en) 1992-04-27 2000-10-11 Owens-Illinois Closure Inc., Linerless Closure
US5782369A (en) * 1993-08-19 1998-07-21 Tansey; Charles Martin Linerless closure for container
US5454489A (en) * 1994-01-21 1995-10-03 Colgate-Palmolive Company Pouring member having self sealing venting closure
WO1996026121A1 (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-08-29 Mcg Closures Limited Self-centering container closure
US6126027A (en) * 1995-02-21 2000-10-03 Mcg Closures Limited Self-centering container closure
GB2313115A (en) * 1995-02-21 1997-11-19 Metal Closures Group Ltd Self-centering container closure
GB2313115B (en) * 1995-02-21 1998-08-19 Metal Closures Group Ltd Self-centering container closure
US6991123B2 (en) 1997-07-14 2006-01-31 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US6527132B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-03-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US7169418B2 (en) 2001-06-04 2007-01-30 The Procter And Gamble Company Packaging system to provide fresh packed coffee
US20080135514A1 (en) * 2006-12-06 2008-06-12 Brosius James Ralph Linerless closure for a container
US7891512B2 (en) * 2006-12-06 2011-02-22 Reckitt Benckiser Inc. Linerless closure for a container
US20120273452A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2012-11-01 Soehnlen Daniel P Combined lip and shoulder seal for threaded cap

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3448882A (en) Vented closure
US3286866A (en) Plastic cap
US3592351A (en) Container closure
US3339773A (en) Screw closure
US3189072A (en) Container outlet and closure therefor
US3282477A (en) Plastic dispensing nozzle with removable seal and captive cap
US3323671A (en) Container closure with hinged cover portion
US3331523A (en) Container closure member and liner therefor
US3343700A (en) Bottle stopper
US3114467A (en) Self-venting bottle cap
US3160302A (en) Conainer closure
US3275180A (en) Mailing container construction
US3581927A (en) Container closure
US3463340A (en) Screw cap with locking means
US3074579A (en) Combination closure cap and stopper
US4591050A (en) Two-component package
US4007848A (en) Anti-missiling bottle structure
US3113693A (en) Multi-position snap cap for containers
US6367640B1 (en) Container and closure cap
US4462502A (en) Threaded closure with liner
US3682345A (en) Threaded container closure
US3784041A (en) Closure cap
US4276989A (en) Closures
US4450973A (en) Closure for pressurized containers
US4747502A (en) Vented beverage closure