US3061211A - Apparatus for winding field coils - Google Patents

Apparatus for winding field coils Download PDF

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US3061211A
US3061211A US746437A US74643758A US3061211A US 3061211 A US3061211 A US 3061211A US 746437 A US746437 A US 746437A US 74643758 A US74643758 A US 74643758A US 3061211 A US3061211 A US 3061211A
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means
wire
stator
position
cam
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US746437A
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George I Roberts
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Bendix Corp
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Bendix Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/08Forming windings by laying conductors into or around core parts
    • H02K15/085Forming windings by laying conductors into or around core parts by laying conductors into slotted stators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49071Electromagnet, transformer or inductor by winding or coiling

Description

Oct. 30, 1962 I ROBERTS 3,061,211

APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed July 3, 1958 9 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENT OR.

GEORGE ROBERT 5 BY a Z m a o 1 ATTOkA/E Y Oct. 30, 1962 e. l. ROBERTS 3,051,211

APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed July 5, 1958 I 9 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

GEORGE ROBERTS BY z fiiTOkA/EY 'Oct. 30, 1962 s. I. ROBERTS 3,061,211

- APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed July 3, 1958 9 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIG. 3

INVENTOR.

O N :1 a GEORGE ROBERTS ATTORNEY Oct. 30, 1962 G. l. ROBERTS 3,061,211

APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed Ju ly 3, 1958 9 Shets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR.

GEORGE ROBERTS LAW A Woe/var Oct. 30, 1962 Filed July 3, 1958 G. l. ROBERTS APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS 9 Sheets-Sheet 5 GEORGE ROBERTS 1962 G. l. ROBERTS 3,061,211

APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed July 3, 1958 9 Sheets-Sheet 6 6 5a :38 ,404 -4o2 435 fl FIG. 8

l v/ 39 a Oct. 30, 1962 G. l. ROBERTS 3,

APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Filed July 3, 1958 9 Sheets-Sheet 7 INVENTOR.

GEORGE ROBERTS Oct. 30, 1962 G. ROBERTS APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD cons 9 Sheets-Sheet 8 Filed July 5, 1958 SEE wxomkm NJPPDIW m mm MR a m 0: QE 5 G Y o B 2 Q H U N H H w H 117 w I O Z 1| n L (v 2 I: imam? x00:

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G. l. ROBERTS APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS Oct. 30, 1962 9 Sheets-Sheet 9 Filed July 3, 1958 B 2 J 7.. F RM Wm E MA w BK m m a l L T m r.l Y 3 \N BK 4 m m MA mK R m S P/l LEFT WIRE HOOK ASSEMBLY F l G. 1 2A -SHUTTLE STROKE FIG-.120

FIG-.120

, m m w GEORGE ROBERTS F I GAZE- A TTOKIV V United States Patent Office 3,061,211 Patented Oct. 30, 1962 3,061,211 APPARATUS FOR WINDING FIELD COILS George I. Roberts, Maywootl, N.J., assignor to The Bendix Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed July 3, 1958, Ser. No. 746,437 15 Claims. (Cl. 2421.1)

This invention relates to a novel coil winding apparatus and process and more particularly to a novel means and method for winding field coils directly in slots of stator or rotor units for motors, generators, synchros or the like. The subject matter of the herein disclosed process for winding field coils is claimed in a divisional U.S. patent application Serial No. 45,119, filed July 25, 1960, by George I. Roberts, and assigned to The Bendix Corporation.

An object of the invention is to provide a novel coil winding machine including a reciprocating shuttle arranged to carry Wire through the bore of the stator or rotor unit; means for oscillating the unit relative to the shuttle so as to effect the necessary Wire end turns on the unit; and novel finger means for picking up the wire from the reciprocating shuttle and depositing the wire on end turn forming rings which may be integral with the unit or which may be of an expendi ble type such as disclosed and claimed in US. Patent No. 2,810,848, granted October 22, 1957, to George I. Roberts, and assigned to Bendix Aviation Corporation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel means and method for automatically winding at the same time multiple field coils in the slots of the unit.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for indexing and holding the unit in the stator nest of the coil winding apparatus by the camming action of suitable slide pins mounted perpendicular to each other.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for loading and unloading the stator nest in the winding machine, including novel locking pin means to insure a proper indexed position of the processed stator or rotor unit before the oscillating gears can mesh, together with novel means for releasing the locking pin to allow oscillation upon the unit being in the indexed position.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means to wind wire on end turn forming rings mounted at opposite ends of the stator or rotor unit, including novel finger means at opposite ends of the unit operatively timed with the oscillation of the stator nest so as to wind coils in predetermined grooves in the end turn forming rings and coils which cross-over each other, while the novel finger means also serves 'to pick up from the shuttle portions of the wire to be wound on the end turn forming rings.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means to oscillate the stator nest so as to meet the pitch requirements of the coils to be wound which may vary up to 200 or more, together with the provision of novel means whereby the amount of oscillation may be changed by varying the rise of an oscillation control cam so as to etfect the required pitch.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for Winding a plurality of coils at one time including novel Wire hook finger assemblies working in conjunction with a shuttle nozzle or nozzles carrying a plurality of wires for eifecting the multi-coil winding operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for winding the wires in slots of the processed unit, including novel means to line up the slots, wire hook fingers and shuttle, together with novel means for holding the Wire on the wire hook fingers in line with the slots until the wire has definitely been placed in the slots 7 by the motion of the shuttle.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for indexing the processed unit as well as means to shift a pitch control cam and wire hook finger control cams so that coils of different predetermined pitch may be Wound on the unit.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for operating the wire hook finger assemblies around the shuttle bearing centerline.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means for operating the wire hook finger assemblies in a lateral and horizontal direction to wind and place the wire as required in grooves of end turn forming rings so as to wind coils of a predetermined pitch and which coils cross over each other at the ends thereof in a predetermined pattern.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means, including the combination of a reciprocating shuttle, oscillating stator and wire hook finger assembly operating in proper timing sequence to wind and form the end turns of coils on end turn forming rings so as to meet the requirements of a predetermined winding pattern.

Another object of the invention is to provide novel means cooperating with end turn forming rings on the unit to be wound in such a manner that end turns of the wound coils may be formed thereon in a predetermined pattern.

Another object of the invention is to provide nove means for winding a complete stator or rotor unit without need of removal of the unit from the winding apparatus or manual manipulation of the operating parts for effecting the Winding operation.

These and other objects and features of the invention are pointed out in the following description in terms of the embodiment thereof which is shown in the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood, however, that drawings are for the purpose of illustration only and are not a definition of the limits of the invention, reference being had to the appended claims for this purpose.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of the coil Winding apparatus with certain parts broken away to more clearly show the construction thereof.

FIGURE 2 is a side elevation of the construction of FIGURE 1 with certain parts broken away to better illustrate the construction thereof.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the lines 33 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 44 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 55 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 6-6 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIGURE 8 is an enlarged detail sectional view of the stator nest assembly with expendable end turn forming rings mounted at opposite ends of the stator.

FIGURE 9 is an enlarged detail plan view of the right end of the stator nest assembly with an expendable end.

turn forming ring mounted at said end and six wound coils thereon in the completed stage.

FIGURE 11A is a diagrammatic illustration of the wire end turn and hook assembly at the right hand side of the stator nest assembly of the coil winding apparatus and showing the same at the start of the winding operation and by dotted lines the step of positioning the hook assembly so as to release the wire held thereby after the wire bushing had been positioned into the bore of the stator nest assembly.

FIGURE 11B is a diagrammatic illustration showing first stages of the Winding operation in which the wire bushing is positioned in successive steps through the bore of the stator nest assembly from the right hand side to the left hand side thereof, together with a showing by dotted lines of the adjusted positions taken by the associated wire hook assembly during such stages in the winding operation.

FIGURE 11C is a diagrammatic illustration of the wire end turn and associated wire hook assembly in operative relation at the left hand side of the stator nest assembly and showing by dotted lines successive steps in the positioning of the wire hook assembly to pick up the wire carried by the wire bushing after passage thereof through the bore of the stator nest assembly from the right to the left hand side.

FIGURE 12A is a diagrammatic illustration of the wire end turn and hook assembly at the left hand side of the stator nest assembly after the further step of applying an oscillatory movement to the stator nest assembly and showing by dotted lines the positioning of the associated wire hook assembly so as to release the wire held thereby following a return movement of the wire bushing back into the bore of the stator nest assembly.

FIGURE 12B is a diagrammatic illustration of further stages in the winding operation in which the wire bushing is shown positioned in successive return steps through the bore of the stator nest assembly from the left hand side to the right hand side thereof, together with a showing by dotted lines of the adjusted positions of the associated wire hook assembly during such stages in the Winding operation.

FIGURE 120 is a diagrammatic illustration showing the wire bushing after the return passage through the bore of the stator nest assembly to the right hand side thereof and by dotted lines the succeeding adjusted positions of the associated right hand wire hook assembly to pick up the wire carried by the wire bushing on the return movement thereof to the right hand side of the stator nest assembly.

FIGURE 12D is a diagrammatic illustration of the wire end turn and hook assembly at the right hand side of the stator nest assembly and showing by dotted lines the adjusted positions of the associated wire hook assembly to pick up the wire carried by the wire bushing on the return passage thereof to the right hand side of the stator nest assembly.

FIGURE 12E is a diagrammatic illustration of the wire end turn and hook assembly at the right hand side of the stator nest assembly after the final step of applying an oscillatory movement to the stator nest assembly in the completion of the winding of one turn of wire and the return of the stator nest assembly to the initial position in relation to the associated wire hook assembly of FIG- URE 11A preparatory to the winding of succeeding turns of wire in a similar manner to that heretofore diagrammatically shown.

Referring to the drawings of FIGURES 1 through 8, a coil winding apparatus 14 includes a base plate 15 on which is mounted the necessary structures for operation of the functional parts including a split bearing 17 for loading and unloading stator units for the coil winding process and a motor 19 for driving the gearing 21, counter unit 23 and coil winding apparatus indicated generally by the numeral 14.

The coil winding apparatus 14 may include suitable mechanism, not shown, such as a jaw tooth clutch of conventional type operated by a lever controlled by the counter unit 23 so as to automatically disconnect the motor 19 from driving relation with the coil Winding apparatus and stop the apparatus after completion of a predetermined number of coil windings for which the counter unit 23 has been set or the disconnection of the motor 19 may be manually controlled by the operator through a lever 22 and the coil winding apparatus brought to a stop upon completion of the desired number of windings indicated by the counter unit 23.

A stator unit 24 and stator nest assembly 25 are shown in detail in assembled relation in FIGURE 8, While as shown in detail in the coil winding apparatus of FIG- URES 3 and 4, the stator nest assembly 25 is placed in a lower section 27 of the split bearing 17 and includes a stator nest member 26 to which there is secured by screws 28 a ring gear member 29. In order to effect proper alignment of the teeth of the ring gear 2? of the stator nest assembly 25 with teeth of a drive gear 31 and properly index the position of the teeth of the driven gear 29 with that of the driving gear 31 there is provided an alignment assembly 33, shown in FIGURE 4. The alignment assembly 33 is so arranged as to prohibit the gears 29 and 31 from meshing, except when the stator nest assembly 25 has been rotated to a proper index position with relation to the coil winding apparatus when loading.

The assembly 33 includes an alignment pin 35 biased by a spring element 37 against the periphery of an index collar 39. The index collar 39 includes a slot 41 cooperating with the alignment pin 35 and so arranged as not to allow the gears 29 and 31 to mesh until the slot 41 in the index collar 39 is adjusted to a predetermined position. This position is effected when the index collar 39 is so adjusted relative to the pin 35 as to allow the alignment pin 35 to enter the slot 41 at which time the driving gear 31 and the driven gear 29 are in mesh in the proper index position. The index collar 39 is secured to the stator nest member 26 by fastening elements 42, as shown in FIG- URE 10.

The split bearing 17 has a cap portion 43 pivoted at 45 in an anti-clockwise direction to the closed position and includes a pin 47 in the bearing cap 43 arranged to operatively engage a lever 49 pivoted at one end at 51. An opposite end of the lever 49 is in operative contact with a flange portion 50 of the alignment pin 35 and so ar ranged as to act on the flange 50 so as to slide the align ment pin 35 out of engagement with the slot 41 upon closure of the bearing cap 43 and thereupon permit rotation of the stator nest 25 free of the alignment pin 35, The bearing cap 43 may be conveniently clamped and held in position by a hinged bracket 52 and thumb nut 53.

A detent assembly 54, shown in FIGURES 3 and 4, is secured to the cap portion 43 and includes a spring biased detent element 55 cooperating with suitable openings 56 in the index collar 39 at the extreme 160 degree and 120 degree adjusted positions of the stator nest, as shown in FIGURE 10, so as to avoid misalignment of the stator nest assembly 25 due to lost motion between teeth of the gearing 29 and 31 and gear train 9193, linkage 8387 and play in cam roller 81.

As best shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, the coil winding apparatus is driven from the electric motor 19 through gearing 21 and worm gear 57 cooperating with gearing 59 so as to effect rotation of shaft 61. The shaft 61 in turn drives shaft 63 through helical gears 65 and 67, as shown in FIGURES 1 and 7, while shaft 63 drives a shaft 69 through helical gears 71 and 73. The three shafts l, 63, and 69 are journaled in suitable roller bearings carried by supporting members 79, '72 and "74, as shown in FIGURES l-2 and 7.

Functional component assemblies operated from the driven shafts 61, 63 and 69 include stator nest oscillation mechanism, shuttle reciprocation mechanism and wire hook finger assemblies located at opposite sides of the stator nest assembly 25, as will be described hereinafter.

Stator Nest Oscillation Mechanism The stator nest oscillating mechanism, as shown in FIGURES 1 and 4, includes cams 75 and 76 keyed to and axially slidable on the shaft 63. The cam 75 is a suitable track cam with a rise design to oscillate the stator nest assembly 25 for 160 degrees in each direction through suitable mechanical mechanism and is driven by the shaft 63, as best shown in FIGURE 4. The cam 75 contacts a roller 81 projecting from a lever 83 pivoted at 85 and connected by a link 87 so as to rotate gear stud 89 on which is assembled a gear 91, as shown in FIGURE 5, and which gear 91 meshes with a gear 93, as shown in FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, at a one to four step-up ratio.

The gear 93, as shown in FIGURE 3, is keyed to a shaft 95 on which is mounted bushing 37, spring retainer 99, spring 161, drive gear 31 and bushing 1115. The spring retainer 99 and drive gear 31 are keyed to shaft 95 and the drive gear 3 1 is held in mesh with the stator nest gear 29 by spring 101. This assembly is journalled in split bearings 167, as shown in FIGURE 3.

As the cam 75 rotates, the stator nest 25 is rotated to exactly 160 degrees and then dwells a specified interval of time at the rotated position and thereafter is rotated back to the original position where it dwells again for the same dwell time. This operation is accomplished by means of the cam 75 through the linkages and gears, heretofore described, for winding the 160 degree coils, as will be hereinafter explained in greater detail.

In order to wind a second set of 120 degree coils, it is necessary to bring into operative relation the cam 76 in place of the cam 75 and disengage the stator net driven gear 29 from the drive gear 31 so that the stator nest 25 may be rotated to a new index position for eitecting the latter operation.

To change the track cam 75, there is provided a thumb nut 110, shown in FIGURES 1 and 4, which upon loosening permits a bracket 112 to be shifted to the left, as shown in FIGURE 1, so as to axially shift the cams on shaft 63 and place the second track cam 76 into contacting relation with the roller 81, while withdrawing the roller 81 from contacting relation with the cam 75. Upon such adjustment of the bracket 112, the thumb nut 110 may be tightened so as to hold the bracket 112 and cam 76 in the readjusted position. The cam 76 is so arranged that through the cam linkages and gears previously described with reference to the cam 75, the cam 76 may now operate so as to oscillate the stator nest assembly 25 over the second 120 degree range.

In order to rotate the stator nest assembly 25 to the new index position for winding the second set of 120 degree coils without rotating the drive gear 31, there is provided a knurled plate 115, shown in FIGURE 3, slidably mounted on a bearing member 117 carried by supporting meber 119 and having pins 121 projecting from the plate 115 and so arranged that upon movement of the plate 115, as shown in FIGURES l, 2 and 3, to the right, the pins 121 contact an adjacent face surface of the gear 31 and in turn move the gear 31 to the right against the tension of spring 101. The latter adjustment effectively disengages the drive gear 31 from mesh with the gear 29 so that the stator nest assembly 25 may thereupon be readjusted to a new index position for the second or 120 degree coil winding range.

Shuttle Reciprocating Motion Motion of a shuttle 125, shown in FIGURE 2, is effected' by means of a track cam 127, shown in FIGURE 7, keyed to the shaft 69 and contacting a roller 129 projecting from a lever 131 pivoted at 133 and connected by means of a link 135 to a gear 137. The motion imparted to gear 137 is transmitted through step-up ratio gear train 138, 139 and 141), as shown in FIGURES l, 2 and 3, to a gear 141 which, as shown in FIGURE 2, meshes with 6 a gear rack 143. The gear rack 143 is attached at 144 to the shuttle and slidably mounted in a slot 145 provided in a bearing sleeve 146 so that the shuttle 125 may slide back and forth in the bearing sleeve 146 carried at one end by the supporting member 147 and secured at the opposite end at 148 to a supporting member 149.

Attached to the shuttle 125 at its inner end is a shuttle cap 150 having a plurality of wire slotsor bushings 152. In the described apparatus there are three (3) wire slots 152 located 120 degrees apart. The shuttle 125, as shown in FIGURE 2, is keyed in the bearing sleeve 146 by a pin 151 slidable in a slot 153 so that there is no rotation of the shuttle cap 159.

Further, rotation of the track cam 127 (FIGURE 7) imparted by shaft 69 acts through the gear rack 143 (FIG- URE 2) so as to slide the shuttle cap 150 (FIGURE 3) through the bore of the stator unit 24 (FIGURE 8) normally positioned in the stator nest assembly 25 and into contact with wall surfaces defining a hole 155 in a bearing member 157 carried by supporting members 119 and 158, as shown in FIGURE 3, so as to provide rigidity while shuttle 125 is stationary and the stator nest assembly is rotated. The shuttle cap 150 then returns through the stator nest to its position at the right of the stator nest assembly 25 where it again remains stationary until the stator nest assembly 25 has nearly completed its cycle of rotation, as hereinafter explained.

Wire Hook Finger Assemblies and Vertical and Lateral Motion Thereof Positioned at opposite sides of the stator nest assembly 25 are wire hook finger assemblies 160 and 160A, shown in FIGURES 2 and 3, and including housing 162 and 162A having inner bearing collars 163 and 163A, as shown in FIGURE 3, slidably mounted on hearing sleeve 146 and bearing member 157, respectively.

Mounted in the housings 162 and 162A are wire hook finger elements 164 and 164A (FIGURE 3) each of which has a wire hook pin element 165 or 165A at its free end while the opposite end thereof is pivotally connected at 166 or 166A to the respective housings. The respective fingers have cam surfaces 168 and 168A cooperating with roller elements 170 and 170A carried by arms 171 and 171A projecting from collars 172 and 172A slidably mounted on the bearing collars 163 and 163A within the housings 162 and 162A. Coiled spring members 174 and 174A surround the housings 162 and 162A and act on outer edge surfaces of the fingers to bias the wire hook fingers 164 and 164A into contacting relation with the respective rollers 170 and 170A.

A cam (FIGURE 3) keyed to shaft 69 controls vertical motion of the wire hook fingers 164 and the lateral position of the housing 162 only when being moved toward the stator nest assembly 25. In contact with the cam 180 is a roller 182 projecting from a lever 183 pivoted at 184. The lever 183 is connected by a link 185 to a bifurcated yoke lever 186 pivoted at 181. The bifurcated yoke portion of the lever 186 has provided at the free ends thereof pin portions 187 which project into an annular groove 188 provided in the collar 172 slidably mounted on the inner bearing collar 163 of the housing 162 so that the housing 162 is free to rotate on the bearing sleeve 146 and relative to the lever 186 while the lever 186 may effect an adjustment of the collar 172 within the housing 162 on collar 163 to cause a corresponding adjustment of the rollers 170 cooperating with the cam surface 168 of the fingers 164 to vertically adjust the fingers.

Thus, the control cam 180 cooperates through the de-.

scribed mechanism to elevate the fingers 164 to the position shown by the sliding of the roller elements 176 relative to the cam surfaces 168 and within the housing 162 toward the stator nest 25.

When the fingers 164 have reached the position shown in FIGURE 3, the collar 172 carrying the arms 171 and roller elements 170 makes contact with a lateral ring 189 I positioned in the bearing collar 163 so that further increase or rise in cam 18!) acts to move the housing 162 and the entire assembly 160 toward the stator nest 25 to a predetermined position.

The fingers 164 will remain in the elevated position, since there has been no change in the position of the roller elements 170 within the housing 162 and relative to the cam surfaces 168 of the fingers 164. The housing 162 is free to be moved in a lateral direction toward the stator nest 25 on the bearing sleeve 146 by the force exerted through the lever 186, collar 172, ring 133* and collar 163.

The lateral return motion of the housing 162 away from the stator nest 25 is effected by means of a control cam 190 afiixed to shaft 69. In contact with the earn 190 is a roller 192 projecting from a lever 194 pivoted at 195. The lever 194 is connected by a link 19 7 to a bifuracted yoke lever 199 pivoted at 200. The bifurcated yoke portion of the lever 19% has provided at the free ends thereof pin portions 201 which operatively contact an end portion of the bearing collar 163 when the rise of cam 190 is in contact with roller 192.

Moreover, the control cams 180 and 19%} are so designed that operation of the yoke lever 136 in motion of housing 162 away from the stator nest 25 precedes that of yoke lever 199 by approximately two (2) degrees, while in motion of housing 162 toward the stator nest 25, the yoke lever 199 precedes that of yoke lever 186 by the same approximate two (2) degrees. In such lateral adjustment there is no change in the elevation level of the fingers 164, since there has been no change in lateral relationship between the housing 162 and the roller elements 17% or in the relationship between the roller elements 179 and the cam surfaces 168 of the fingers 164.

In this connection when the cam roller 192 reaches the top of the rise on the control cam 1%, the lateral motion of the housing 162 away from the stator nest assembly 25 is stopped by a retainer ring 210 mounted on the bearing sleeve 146. With the housing 162 in such lateral position, as shown in FIGURE 3, a further drop in the surface of the control cam 18% allows the fingers 164 to drop to a lower position, since the roller element 170 is then moved within the housing 162 in a direction away from the stator nest assembly 25 through the action of the bifurcated yoke lever 186 in controlling the position of the collar 172 on the sleeve 163.

The position of the fingers 164 is now such that when the housing 162 is rotated as hereinafter explained, the pins 165 of the three fingers 164 will be positioned under three separate wire strands and ready to pick up the wires in the coil winding operation, as will be explained hereinafter under the heading Description of Operation with reference to FIGURES 11A to C and 12A to E. The rollers 182 and 192 of the levers 183 and 194 are maintained in contact with the respective control cams 180 and 190 by means of a spring 212 connected at opposite ends to the levers 183 and 1%, as shown in FIG- URE 3.

In order to control the operation of the wire hook finger assembly 160A at the opposite side of the stator nest 25, there is provided a cam 220 keyed to shaft 61. The cam 220 controls vertical motion of the wire hook fingers 164A and the lateral position of the housing 162A only when the housing 162A is being moved toward the stator nest assembly 25.

In order to eifect the foregoing operation, there is provided in contact with the cam 220 a roller 222 projecting from a lever 224 pivoted at 226. The lever 224 is connected by a link 228 to a bifurcated yoke lever 230 pivoted at 232. The bifurcated yoke portion of the level 230 has provided at the free ends thereof pin portions 235 which project into an annular groove 238 provided in the collar 172A slidably mounted on the inner bearing collar 163A of the housing 162A so that the housing 162A is free to rotate on the bearing member 157 and relative to the lever 230, while the lever 230 may effect an adjustment of the collar 172A within the housing 162A on collar 163A to cause a corresponding adjustment of the rollers 170A cooperating with the cam surface 168A of the fingers 164A to vertically adjust the fingers.

Thus, the control cam 220 cooperates through the described mechanism to elevate the fingers 164A to the position shown by the sliding of the roller elements 170A relative to the cam surfaces 168A and within the housing 162A toward the stator nest 25.

When the fingers 164A have reached the position shown in FIGURE 3, the collar 172A carrying arms 171A and roller elements 170A makes contact with a lateral ring 189A positioned in the bearing collar 163A so that further increase of rise in cam 220 acts to move the housing 162A and the entire assembly A toward the stator nest 25 to a predetermined position.

The fingers 164A will remain in the elevated position, since there has been no change in the position of the roller elements 178A within the housing 162A and relative to the cam surfaces 163A of the fingers 164A. The housing 162A is free to move in a lateral direction toward the stator nest 25 on the bearing member 157 by the force exerted through the lever 230, collar 172A, ring 189A and collar 163A.

The lateral return motion of the housing 162A away from the stator nest 25 is effected by means of a control cam 250 also affixed to shaft 61. In contact with the cam 25% is a roller element 252 projecting from a lever 254 pivoted at 255. The lever 254 is connected by a link 257 to a bifurcated yoke lever 259 pivoted at 260. The bifurcated yoke portion of the lever 259 has provided at the free ends thereof pin portions 261 which operatively contact an end portion of the bearing collar 163A when the rise of cam 250 is in contact with roller 252.

Moreover, the control cams 220 and 25% are so designed that operation of the yoke lever 23% of housing 162A away from the stator nest 25 precedes that of yoke lever 259 by approximately two (2) degrees, while in movement of the housing 162A toward the stator nest 25 the yoke lever 259 precedes that of yoke lever 230 by the approximate two (2) degrees. In such lateral adjustment there is no change in the elevation level of fingers 164A, since there has been no change in lateral relationship between the housing 162A and the roller elements 1713A or in the relationship between the roller elements 170A and the cam surfaces 168A of the fingers 16 1A.

In this connection when the cam roller 252 reaches the top of the rise on the control cam 250 the lateral motion of the housing 162A away from the stator nest assembly 25 is stopped by a retainer ring 265 mounted on the bearing member 157. With the housing 162A in such lateral position, as shown in FIGURE 3, a further drop in the surface of the control cam 220 allows the fingers 164A to drop to a lower position, since the roller element 178A is then moved within the housing 162A in a direction away from the stator nest assembly 25 through the action of the bifurcated yoke lever 230 in controlling the position of the collar 172A on the sleeve 163A.

The position of the fingers 164A is now such that when the housing 162A is rotated, as hereinafter explained, the pins A of the three fingers 164A will be positioned under three separate wire strands and ready to pick up the wires in the coil winding operation as will be explained later under the heading Description of Operation with reference to FIGURES 11A to C and 12A to E. The rollers 222 and 252 of the levers 224 and 254 are maintained in contact with the respective control cams 226 and 256 by means of a spring 267 connected at opposite ends to the levers 224 and 254, as shown in FIGURE 3.

The above descriptions with reference to the wire hook finger assemblies covers the operative parts in the vertical and lateral motion of the fingers in the winding of the first three crossover coils, shown in FIGURE 9, within the first predetermined range of, for example, 160 degrees.

1 9 In order to wind the second set of three coils, shown in FIGURE 10, within a different range of, for example, 120 degrees, it is necessary to change the control cams which effect the movement of the wire hook assemblies in the lateral direction.

In the present mechanism, therefore, there is provided novel means for replacing the control cams 220 and 250 on the left side and the control cams 18!} and 190 on the right side of the mechanism, as shown in FIGURE 3, by control cams 270 and 272 (FIGURE 6) and by control cams 274 and 276 (FIGURE respectively.

In the latter mechanism there is provided latch members 280 and 285, as shown in FIGURES 2, 5 and 6, arranged to engage in channels 287 and 289 provided in actuating rods 291 and 293, respectively. The actuating rods 291 and 293 in turn serve to adjustably position brackets 295 and 297 between which are positioned, respectively, the control cams 220, 250, 270, 272 and the control cams 180, 190, 274 and 276 axially slidable on and splined at 298 and 299 to the shafts 61 and 69, respectively.

The latch members 283 and 235 may be pivotally adjusted on pivot pins 392 and 303 out of engagement with the channels 287 and 289 upon movement of latch members on pins 300 and 301 whereupon actuating rods 291 and 293 may be pushed inward toward the rear of the machine and the latch members 280 and 285 brought into locking engagement with the channels 305 and 307 of the actuating rods 291 and 293, respectively.

In the latter adjusted position of the actuating rods 291 and 293 the control cams 220 and 250 are replaced axially in operative relation by control cams 270 and 272 and control cams 180 and 190 are replaced axially in operative relation by control cams 274 and 276. The

control cams 270, 272, 274 and 276 thereupon operate through the linkages previously described to change the lateral position of the wire hook lever assemblies 160 and 160A, to effect the desired operation thereof for winding the second set of three coils within a different predetermined range of, for example, 120 degrees.

' Rotation oy Wire Hook Finger Assembly Rotation of the wire hook finger assembly 160 on the bearing sleeve 146 and rotation of the wire hook finger assembly 160A on bearing member 157 is effected through mechanism hereinafter described to provide the desired winding operation.

The rotation of housing 162 is effected by a cam 31f) mounted on shaft 63 and shown in FIGURES l and 5. In contact with the cam 310 is a roller element 312 which, as shown in FIGURE 5, projects from a lever 314 pivoted at 316 connected by link 318 through another lever 320 pivoted at 322. The lever 320 has attached to it a link 324 which is in turn operably connected to a pin 326 of the wire hook finger assembly 160, as shown in FIG- URE 1. A spring 339 biases the lever 320 in a counterclockwise direction and the finger assembly 160 in a counterclockwise direction while tending to maintain the roller 312 in contacting relation with the surface of the cam 310.

The function of the cam 310 is to rotate, through the linkages described, assembly 160 containing the wire hook fingers 164. Rotation of the finger assembly 160 in a counterclockwise direction rotates the fingers 164 and thereby the wire hook pin elements 165 away from the wire being wound through the stator slot, while rotation of the assembly 160 in a clockwise direction rotates the fingers 164 and thereby the wire hook pin elements 165 to a position under the wire after the shuttle 125 has reached its extreme right position. This operation will be explained more in detail later with reference to FIGURES 11A to C and 12A to E.

The bearing for rotation of the assembly 160 is the bearing sleeve 146, while the link 324 is supported in a groove in a mounting plate 325 so as to allow for smooth 10 lateral operation of the wire hook finger assembly 160. The actuating pin 326 is slidably mounted in a hole at one end of the link 324 to permit the lateral operation of the wire hook finger assembly 160.

Similarly the rotation of housing 162A is effected by cam 350 mounted on shaft 63 and shown in FIGURES 1 and 6. In contact with the cam 350 is a roller element 352 which, as shown in FIGURE 6, projects from a lever 354 pivoted at 356 and connected by a link 358 to another lever 360 pivoted at 362. The lever 360 has attached to it a link 364 which is in turn operably connected to a pin 366 of the wire hook finger assembly 160A, as shown in FIGURE 6. A spring 370 biases the lever 366 in a counterclockwise direction and the finger assembly 160A in a counterclockwise direction, while tending to maintain the roller 352 in contacting relation with the surface of the cam 350.

The function of the cam 35!! is to rotate through the linkages described, assembly 160A containing the wire hook fingers 164A. Rotation of the finger assembly 160A in a counterclockwise direction rotates the fingers 164A and thereby the wire hook pin elements 165A away from the wire being wound through the stator slot while rotation of the assembly 160A in a clockwise direction rotates the fingers 164A and thereby the wire hook pin elements 165A to a position under the wire as the shuttle has reached the extreme left position. This operation will be explained more in detail later with reference to FIG- URES 11 and 12.

The bearing for rotation of the assembly A is the bearing member 157 (FIGURE 3) while the link 364 is supported in a groove in a mounting plate 371 (FIGURE 6) so as to allow for smooth lateral operation of the wire hook finger assembly 169A. The actuating pin 366 is slidably mounted in a hole in one end of the link 364 to permit the lateral operation of the Wire hook finger assembly 160A.

In the preceding description of the several operating parts of the machine no attempt has been made to tie in the timing in the various operations which is described hereinafter under the heading Description of Operation.

Description of Operation Before machine winding the stator unit 24, the unit has to be rotated in the stator nest assembly 25 to a definite adjusted position, as shown in FIGURES 8, 9 and 10. The stator nest assembly is comprised of the following parts indicated by the corresponding numerals:

26-Stator nest 39-Index collar 29Gear 400Bearing 402-Spring for stator slide pin 404Stator slide pin 406-Cam pin 408Retainer screw 410Wire fastening pins '412-Wire guide pins 28--Gear mounting screws The stator unit 24 is placed in the bore of the stator nest 26 and located on a suitable indexing fixture so that the surfaces of the stator unit 24 are approximately flush with surfaces of the stator nest 26. The stator unit 24 is then rotated so that a predetermined slot, for example, slot III, in the stator unit 24, lines up with a scribed line 414, shown in FIGURE 10, and thereby with the center point of the index hole 56 in index collar 39, shown in FIGURE 8, as well as the left edge of a wire guide pin 412 on the stator nest 26, shown in FIGURE 9. The stator unit 24 is held in index position by the cammin g action of the cam pin 406 on slide pin 404 when the retainer screw 438 is tightened in position, as shown in FIG- URE 8.

End turn forming rings 420 and 422 are now attached to the stator nest 26 and stator unit 24. These rings are so keyed that the same are assembled in one predetermined position only relative to stator unit 24. The stator nest assembly 25 is then assembled in the winding machine as shown in FIGURE 3. The end turn forming rings 420 and 422 may be of the type described and claimed in US. Patent No. 2,810,848, granted October 22, 1957, to George I. Roberts, and assigned to Bendix Aviation Corporation.

The described machine is designed to wind three (3) coils at one time, winding coils in stator slots III-VII, IVI, and IVIX, as shown in FIGURE 9. This means that there will be three (3) wire bushings 152, three (3) right wire hook fingers 164, three (3) left wire hook fingers 164A, as shown in FIGURE 3, and three 3) sets of pins 412 and 410, as shown in FIGURE 9, to effect the machine operation.

At the crossover points between slots III and IV, VI and VII and I and IX, each turn of one coil will lap over each turn of the other coil on each side of the unit 24 as the stator unit 24 is oscillated from degrees to 160 degrees and returned and in the winding of each turn of the coil on the unit 24, the unit and the associated machine members are manipulated from the starting position illustrated diagrammatically by FIGURE 11A through the positions of FIGURES 11B and 11C and the successive positions of FIGURES 12A, 12B, 12C and 1213 to the finish position of FIGURE 12E, as explained hereinafter. After the necessary turns have been wound the stator unit and associated machine members will be in the position illustrated diagrammatically in FIGURE 12E at the completion of the operation. The three (3) coils will look substantially, as shown by the drawing of FIGURE 9.

Some of the features of the operation of the machine which should be pointed out are as follows: 7

(1) The wire hook finger assemblies 160 and 169A arranged at opposite sides of the stator unit 24 have three (3) separate motions, mainly angular or arcuate rotation, vertical and lateral motions. The function of these assemblies, as shown diagrammatically in FIGURES 11A to C and 12A to E, is to pick the wire 425 up after the shuttle 125 has brought the wire 425 through the slot of the stator unit 24 which together with the oscillating motion of the stator nest assembly 25, serves to lay the wire 425 in channels or grooves provided on the left and right end turn forming rings 426 and 422. This operation of the machine causes the coils to cross over each other to be wound as described.

(2) The Wires 425 are guided and enter slots of the stator unit 24 before the fingers 164 and 164A with their respective pins 165 and 165A are rotated away from alignment with the respective slots III and VII, since shuttle cap bushing 152 has advanced to position 1-B I of FIG. 113 in right to left stroke and position 2-8 of FIG. 12B in left to right stroke. The wires 425 are released by rotative motion of fingers 164 and 164A only after they have entered their respective slots due to the position of the shuttle cap bushing 152 and alignment of fingers 164 and 164A and slots of stator unit 24.

In the winding operation, the machine stops at the finish position shown in the drawing of FIGURE 12E after winding the three (3) coils as previously described and shown in the drawing of FIGURE 9.

It will be noted that in FIGURE 11A the right hook finger 164 is shown in its outer radial position 2A in line with the stator slot III and angularly positioned with reference to the end turn forming ring 420, to the position 1C to release the wire held thereby, as indicated by dotted lines in FIGURE 11A, after movement of the wire bushing 152 from the position 1-A to the position 1-B, as indicated in FIGURE 11B. The winding of three (3) additional coils at the 120 degree pitch is completed in the same manner as the three (3) coils at the 160 degree 12 pitch except that there are no crossover turns and instead of being wound in the inner grooves 435 and 437 of the forming rings 420 and 422, the three (3) additional coils are wound in outer grooves 439 and 441 of the forming rings 420 and 422, as shown in the drawings of FIGURES 8 and 10, and hereinafter described.

In order to simplify the description of the operation of the machine, the winding of one turn only will be described with reference to schematic drawings FIGURES 11A to C and 12A to E and the machine assembly drawings FIGURES 1 through 8. The numbers on the several drawings refer to positions of the various functional elements with reference to each other. The wire indicated in FIGURES 11A, 11B and 12B by the numeral 425 and which is to be wound on the unit 24 is fed from a suitable shuttle tension device (not shown) through a longitudinal bore in the shuttle and out wire bushing 152 located in the shuttle cap 150.

As shown in FIGURE 11A, the wire 425 is wound over pin 412 located in line with the stator slot number III as well as slots VI and IX, as shown in FIGURE 9, of the stator unit 24 in the stator nest 26 and an end of wire 425 in each case is fastened to pin 419. The stator nest 26 which is comprised namely of the stator unit 24, right end turn forming ring 420 and left end turn forming ring 422 is oscillated back and forth, as previously described in a predetermined timed relation with the shuttle cap 151 and Wire hook fingers 164 and 164A.

The relative positions of the functional elements at the start of the operation is shown in FIGURES 11A and 118 in which the wire bushing 152 of shuttle 125 has started its stroke toward the left end and is at position 1-A (FIG- URE 11B) and the wire 425 rests in the right wire hook finger 164 at position 2A (FIGURES 11A and B), while the left wire hook finger 164A is rotated away from slot III of the processed stator unit 24 and is held in its outer diameter position 3-A (FIGURE 11C) by left vertical motion cam 221 (FIGURE 3), and laterally in position 3-A by left lateral motion cam 250 (FIGURE 3).

Further, at the start of the winding operation, the right Wire hook finger 164 in position 2A, as shown in FIG- URE 11A, is in line with stator slot III. pin 412 and wire bushing 152, and the finger 164 is held in its outer diameter postion by right vertical and lateral motion cam 18% (FIGURE 3) and laterally in position by right lateral motion earn 190 (FIGURE 3).

As the machine starts to operate (FIGURE 11B) the wire bushing 152 slides to the left through the bore of the stator unit 24 and at position of the bushing 152 (FIGURE 11B) the Wire 425 has definitely entered slot III of the stator unit 24 at which time right wire hook finger 164 through the action of cam 310 (FIGURE 5) starts to rotate away from position 2-A toward position 1C (FIGURE 11A). This operation when complete will allow wire 425 which was over wire hook finger pin element 165 to be free thereof. Shortly after as wire bushing 152 continues through the bore of the stator unit 24 toward the position '1-E (FIGURE 11B) the left wire hook finger 164A starts to drop from position 3A (FIGURE 11C) to position 1-D. The left wire hook finger 164A reaches its lower position 1-D of FIGURE 1 1C and starts to rotate 5 degrees through the action of cam 350 (FIGURE 6) before the shuttle cap 150 with wire bushing 152 reaches its extreme left position 1E (FIGURE 11B). Timing is close, but due to the lateral position of the wire bushing 152 in reference to wire hook finger 164A there is no interference. The right wire hook finger 164 starts to move laterally away from the stator unit 24 due to action of the right lateral motion cam (FIGURE 3). At position 1-C the right hook finger 164 (FIGURE 11A) has rotated completely away from wire 425 and thereafter proceeds to the extreme right position 1-G (FIGURE 118) in the course of the operation of the machine.

The wire 425 has now been guided into slot III of stator unit 24 and degrees before the wire bushing 152 reaches its extreme left position 1-E (FIGURE 1113) the left wire hook finger 164A at position 1-D (FIGURE 1C) through the action of cam 350 starts to rotate in a clockwise direction to a position 1F (FIGURE 11C) under wire 425 and in line with slot III of the stator unit 24. At the same time at position 1-D (FIGURE 11C) the left hook finger 164A has reached its lower position. At position l-E (FIGURE 11B) the wire bushing 152 has reached its extreme left position while at such time the right wire hook finger 164 has moved to the extreme right position 1-G (FIGURE 11B).

At position l- F (FIGURE 11C) the left wire hook finger 164A has completed its rotation under wire 425 and left vertical and lateral motion cam 220 (FIGURE 3) starts to raise the finger 164A toward position 1H (FIGURE 11C) and it in turn raises the wire 425. After the left hook finger 164A has reached its highest position 1-I-I (FIGURES 11B and C) it starts to move laterally from position 1-I-I (FIGURE 115) to the right or toward stator unit 24 to position 1] (FIGURE 11B) and the oscillation of the stator unit 24 starts.

The lateral motion of left wire finger 164A continues toward the right from position 1H (FIGURE 113) to position 1-J (FIGURE 11B) at which time the stator nest assembly 25 has been oscillated by the action of the cam 75 (FIGURE 4) in a counterclockwise direction, as viewed from the left side of FIGURE 11C, so that slot IV in stator unit 24 lines up approximately with left hook finger 164A. At this time the wire 425 has been wound from pin 410 to which it is fastened (FIGURE 11A) over guide pin 412 through slot III over projection K of the the plastic ring 42 2 (FIGURE 11C) and over the left hook finger 164A. The projection K, as shown in FIG- URE 11C, has no vertical member similar to projections L and M and is thus arranged so as to compensate for the crossover of coils wound in slots IIIVII and IVIX of the unit 24. Crossover occurs between slots III and IV.

With the left hook finger 164A in the position 1-I as viewed in FIGURES 11B and 12B, the oscillation of the stator nest assembly 25 continues in a counterclockwise direction with the finger 164A (FIGURE 12A) laying the wire 425 in the inner channel 437, shown in FIGURE 8, and provided in the projections L and M of the left end turn forming ring 422, as shown in FIGURE 10, until the slot VII approaches the left hook finger 164A (FIGURE 12A).

The left hook finger 164A is thereupon moved laterally to the left from position 1-J (FIGURE 12B) to position 1-R, as shown in FIGURE 12B, by operation of the left lateral motion cam 250 (FIGURE 3) at which time rotation by the action of the cam 75 (FIGURE 4) of the stator nest assembly 25 stops with slot VII of the stator unit 24 lined up with the left hook finger 164A (FIGURE 12A) in position 1S (FIGURE 12A). At this time the wire bushing 152 has moved from position 1-E (FIGURE 123) to approximately position 2R, as shown in FIG- URE 123.

The wire bushing 152 continues to move toward the right and at position 2-S of the wire bushing 152 (FIG- URE 1233), the left hook finger 164A by the action of earn 350 (FIGURE 6) starts to rotate away from the wire 425 to a position 1-T (FIGURE 12A) thereby dropping the wire 425. The right hook finger 164 in turn starts to drop from position 1-G (FIGURES 11B and 12D) toward position 1-X (FIGURES 12C and 12D) as the wire bushing 152- continues to move toward the right, from the position 2-S (FIGURE 12B) to position 2-T (FIGURE 12C) and left wire hook finger 164A has rotated from position 1S (FIGURE 12A) to approximately position 1-T away from wire 425, as shown in FIGURE 12A.

The Wire now has been wound through slot III (FIGURE 11A) of the stator unit 24 and over projections K, L, M and N (FIGURE 12A) and through slot VII of the stator unit 24 (FIGURES 12D and 12E). Thereafter, the left lateral motion cam 250 (FIGURE 3) moves the left hook finger 164A further to the left from position 1-R (FIGURE 12B) to position 4A and counterclock wise rotation of the finger 164A by the action of cam 350 from position 1T (FIGURE 12A) is completed at position 4-A (FIGURE 12A). On the other hand, the right wire hook finger 164 is dropped from the position 1-G (FIGURE 12D) to the position 1-X (FIGURE 12D) 5 degrees before the shuttle or wire bushing 152 has reached its extreme right position 2-T, as shown in FIG- URE 120. There is no interference due to the lateral positions of each element (FIGURES 12C and D). Also, at this time right hook finger 164 by the action of cam 310 (FIGURE 5) starts to rotate from position 1-X (FIGURE 12D) to a position 1Z (FIGURE 12D) under the wire 425 and in line with slot VII of the stator unit 24.

Thereafter, the right vertical and lateral motion cam 18f starts to raise finger 164 from position 1-Z (FIG- URE 12D) to position 2-B (FIGURES 12C and D). At position 2B (FIGURE 12D) the right vertical and lateral motion cam (FIGURE 3) has raised the right hook finger 164 to its highest position and the oscillating cam 75 starts to rotate the statornest assembly 25 in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIGURE 12D back to the original position of FIGURE 12E.

Upon the raising of the finger 164 from the position l-Z (FIGURE 12D) to the position 2-B (FIGURES 12C and 12D) the wire 425 is lifted with the finger 164. Thereafter, the motion of right wire hook finger 164 due to the motion of right vertical and lateral motion cam 180 (FIGURE 3) continues toward the left from position 2B (FIGURE 12C) to position 2D (FIGURE 12C) at which time the stator nest assembly 25 has been oscillated so that slot VII of stator unit 24 lines up approximately with the right hook finger 164. At this time the wire 425 has been wound through stator slot III (FIGURES 11A and 11B) over projections K, L, M and N (FIGURE 12A) on left ring 422 back through slot VII (FIGURES 12A and B) over projection N of the right ring 420 (FIGURE 12B) and over right hook finger The projection N has no vertical member as have pro ections L and M and is so arranged as to permit crossover of coils wound in slots at III-VII and VII. Crossover occurs between slots VI and VII of the stator unit 24.

The-lateral movement of the right wire-finger 164 continues from position 2-D (FIGURE 12C) towards the left to position 2E (FIGURE 12C) and with the right finger 164 in the position 2-E, as viewed in FIGURE 12C, the oscillation of the stator nest assembly 25 as viewed in FIGURE 12D continues in a counterclockwise direction with the finger 164 laying the wire 425 in the inner channel 435, shown in FIGURE 8, and provided in the projections L and M of the right end turn forming ring 420, as shown in FIGURE 9, until the slot 111 approaches the right hook finger 164 as viewed in FIGURE 12E.

The right hook finger 164 is now moved from position 2-E of FIGURE 120 towards the right away from unit 24 to a position 2-A (FIGURE 1113) by right lateral motion earn 199 (FIGURE 3), at which time rotation of the stator nest assembly 25 stops and slot III again lines up with the right hook finger 164 and at this time the wire bushing 152 has also moved to the left approximately to the position 2-A, as shown in FIGURE 11B.

, The wire 425 has now been wound through slot III over projections on the left ring 422 back through slot VII over projections on the right ring 420 and the winding machine is ready for re-entrance of the wire 425 into slot III again. The balance of turns specified for this coil are wound in stator slots III and VII in exactly the same manner as the first turn previously described.

In order to wind the three (3) additional coils in the 15 stator unit 24 at the specified 120 degree pitch the following manual adjustment of the winding machine must be made:

(1) Change the stator oscillating mechanism from 160 degrees to 120 degrees oscillation by removing the thumb nut '11!) (FIGURE 1) and sliding the bracket 112 so that earn 76 is brought into operation in place of the cam 75, as heretofore described.

(2) Change both left and right vertical and lateral motion cams 220 and 250 (FIGURE 6), and 180 and 190 (FIGURE by releasing latches 230 and 285 and pushing rods 291 and 2 93 connected to brackets 295 and 297 so that cams 270, 272, 274 and 276 are brought into operation as previously described.

(3) Disengage oscillating drive gear 31 by pushing or sliding the plate '115, as shown in FIGURE 3, toward the right. Rotate the stator nest assembly 25 in a counterclockwise direction so that the slot VIII lines up with the wire hook finger 164 instead of slot III. Reengage the oscillating drive gear 31 by releasing plate 115 and the machine is thereupon ready to wind the three (3) 120 degree pitch coils. It will be noted that as the stator nest assembly 25 and end turn forming ring are rotated, the wire will wind (FIGURE 8) in the outer groove 43 9 of forming ring 420 and in the outer groove 441 of forming ring 422.

The winding of the three (3) 120 degree pitch coils is completed in the same manner as the three 3) 160 degree pitch coils, except that there are no crossover windings and the 120 degree pitch coils are wound in the outer groove of the forming rings 420 and 422, as shown on the drawing of FIGURE 10.

The stator unit 24 has now been completely wound and the ends of the coils are fastened by pins similar to 410 on the stator nest 26. The stator nest assembly 25 with wound stator unit 24 is now removed from the machine. A wedge plug is then inserted in the stator unit 24. The wedge plug may be similar to the unitary wedge plug means disclosed and claimed in a copending US. application Serial No. 671,556, filed July 12, 1957, by George I. Roberts, and assigned to Bendix Aviation Corporation.

The end turn forming rings 420 and 422 are thereafter broken up and removed in an impact press as described and claimed in copending US. application Serial No. 506,564, filed May 6, 1955, by George I. Roberts, and assigned to Bendix Aviation Corporation. The stator unit 24 is then removed from the stator nest 26 and is ready for connecting and final forming.

The described coil winding apparatus while semi-automatic in operation may be made fully automatic by providing suitable operative mechanism controlled by the counter unit 23 for effecting the heretofore described manual shifting operations, as upon completion of the winding of the first three (3) 160 degree pitch coils.

Moreover, the coil winding apparatus is not limited to the use of expendable end turn forming rings 420 and 422, as such end turn forming rings may form a part of the stator unit 24 in which case there may be eliminated the step of wedging the coils in the slots of the stator unit and the further step of removal of the end turn forming rings by the use of an impact press also elimination of end turn final forming.

lFurther, the winding apparatus is not limited to the particular winding pattern, number of coils, or pitch of the coils described, but the apparatus may be modified to meet the requirements of the winding pattern of any type of stator or rotor unit within practical limits.

While the present apparatus includes mechanism ap plicable for the winding of a straight slot stator or rotor unit, it will be readily apparent that by changing the relative motion of the shuttle '125 and stator nest assembly 25 to a rotative and lateral motion by appropriate modification of the control cam mechanisms the coil winding apparatus may be applied to the winding of such a unit having skew slots.

Although only one embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, various changes in the form and relative arrangements of the parts, which will now appear to those skilled in the art may be made without departing from the scope of the invention. Reference is, therefore, to be had to the appended claims for a definition of the limits of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a winding mechanism for a slotted unit of an electrical apparatus by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are Wound in selected slots opening from a bore in the unit, said mechanism being of a type including a rotatably mounted support member adapted to hold and rotate the slotted unit back and forth during the winding thereof, a shuttle disposed in an operative relation to said unit for movement through said bore, means for moving said shuttle back and forth relative to said unit and through said bore, a threading nozzle carried by said shuttle and through which the winding wire is threaded into a selected slot of the unit during the movement of said shuttle, finger means to lay the wire into the selected slot of the unit, actuating means by which said shuttle is moved back and forth between predetermined limits of movement at opposite ends of the unit, and rotating means by which said support member is rotated back and forth between predetermined limits of rotation with a dwell in the rotation thereof at the limit of its rotation; the improvement comprising movable carriage means for said finger means, other actuating means by which said carriage means and said finger means may be moved relative to the unit carried by said support member, said other actuating means including means for imparting an angular motion to said finger means to pick up and release the winding Wire, and additional means for imparting a vertical and a lateral motion to said finger means relative to said unit, and control mechanism for said actuating and rotating means by which said shuttle, finger means and support member are actuated in a predetermined sequence with respect to each other to wind the wire in selected slots of the unit in a predetermined winding pattern.

2. The combination defined by claim 1 in which the rotating means for said support member includes cam means in an operative relation for imparting a rotary motion to said support member, and the other actuating means for said carriage means and said finger means includes other cam means in an operative relation for imparting a vertical and a lateral motion to said finger means for effecting a predetermined coil winding pattern.

3. The combination defined by claim 2 including selectively operable means for shifting the first and second mentioned cam means out of said operative relation and placing other third and fourth cam means in the aforementioned operative relation to effect a different predetermined coil winding pattern.

4. In a winding mechanism for a slotted unit of an electrical apparatus, including end turn forming rings at opposite ends thereof by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are wound into selected slots and about said end turn forming rings; said mechanism being of a type including a rotatably mounted support member adapted to hold and rotate the slotted unit back and forth during the winding thereof, a shuttle including means to carry the winding wire, first means for actuating the shuttle in a reciprocating movement through a bore of the slotted unit, and finger means at opposite ends of the support member and slotted unit; the improvement comprising housing means for carrying said finger means, second means for imparting rotary movement to said housing means, third means for imparting lateral movement to said housing means, and fourth means for imparting vertical movement to said finger means relative to said housing means, said second, third and fourth means cooperating to adjustably position said finger means for picking up the wire from the reciprocating shuttle and thereafter effectively depositing the wire in a slot of the unit and in the end turn forming rings, fifth means for oscillating the support member and thereby the slotted unit so as to cause the finger means in cooperation therewith to deposit the wire in the end turn forming rings, and control mechanism for operating the fifth means for oscillating the support member, the first means for actuating the reciprocating shuttle and the second, third and fourth means so as to adjustably position the finger means in predetermined sequence with respect to the shuttle and support member so as wind the wire in the selected slots and about said end turn forming rings in a predetermined pattern.

5. A wire pick-up assembly comprising a housing, a bearing element, an inner bearing collar aflixed to said housing for slidably supporting the housing on the bearing element, a finger member pivotally connected to said housing, said finger member having an inner cam surface, a cam follower slidably mounted on said bearing collar and contacting said cam surface, spring means biasing the finger member into contacting relation with said cam follower at said cam surface, a pin element positioned at the free end of said finger member to pick up the wire, operative means connected to said cam follower for slidably positioning the cam follower on said inner bearing collar to adjust the cam follower in relation to the cam surface so as to effect a pivotal movement of the finger member relative to the housing, means for limiting the movement of the cam follower on the inner bearing collar, and said operative means movable in one sense to cause said cam follower to engage said limiting means so as to effect movement of the housing longitudinally on the bearing element in one direction.

6. The combination defined by claim 6 including another operative'means to engage an end of said bearing collar so as to effect movement of the housing longitudinally on the bearing element in an opposite direction.

7. The combination defined by claim 6 including a third operative means connected to said housing for oscillating the housing on the bearing element in opposite senses so as to effectively position the pin element at the free end of the finger member to pick up and release the wire.

8. In a winding mechanism for a slotted stator of an electrical apparatus by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are wound into selected pairs of slots in said stator, said mechanism being of a type including an open ended rotatably mounted cylindrical member including means to secure the slot-ted stator therein, the cylindrical member being adapted to oscillate the slotted stator back and forth during winding thereof, a shuttle movably mounted adjacent said cylindrical member for back and forth movement of said shuttle through said cylindrical member and the stator held therein, and a threading nozzle carried by said shuttle through which winding wire is threaded into a pair of slots in the stator during the back and forth movement of the shuttle through said stator and cylindrical member; the improvement comprising a housing positioned at one end of said cylindrical member, another housing positioned at the other end of said cylindrical member, each housing including a bearing element, an inner bearing collar affixed to said each housing for slidably supporting said each housing on the bearing element, a finger member pivotally connected at one end to said each housing, said finger member having an inner cam surface, a cam follower slidably mounted on said bearing collar and contacting said cam surface, a coil spring encircling said each housing and biasing the finger member into contacting relation with said cam follower at said cam surface, and a pin element positioned at the opposite free end of said finger member topick up the winding wire; first cam means by which said back and forth movement is imparted to said shuttle, second cam means by which the finger member in said each housing is moved back and forth between predetermined positions relative to said stator held in said cylindrical manner; said second cam means including first means operative to slidably position the cam follower of said each housing on the inner bearing collar thereof and relative to said each housing so as to effect a pivotal adjustment of the finger member relative to said each housing, means for limiting the movement of the cam follower on the inner bearing collar, said first operative means movable by said second cam means in one sense to cause said cam follower to engage said limiting means so as to effect movement of said each housing longitudinally on the bearing element in one direction, second means operative to engage an end of said bearing collar, said second operative means movable by said second cam means in an opposite sense to effect movement of said each housing longitudinally on the bearing element in an opposite direction, and third means operative by said second cam means for oscillating said each housing on the bearing element so as to effectively position the pin element at the free end of the finger member so as to pick up and release the winding wire; third cam means by which said cylindrical member and thereby said stator may be selectively oscillated back and forth in predetermined first and second cycles of movement with a dwell at the end of the movement in each direction to thereby bring first one slot of the pair of slots being wound and then the other slot of said pair of slots into register with the finger members; end turn forming means including a body member mounted at one end of the cylindrical member, another body member mounted at the opposite end of the cylindrical member, each body member having a plurality of lugs projecting from one face of said body member and disposed in the immediate area of the stator slots, and said lugs having an inner groove and an outer groove provided therein; said second cam means causing the finger members to cooperate with said end turn forming means and the shuttle positioned by the first cam means so as to pick up the winding wire from the threading nozzle and deposit the Wire on the projecting lugs of the end turn forming means in said inner groove during said first cycle of oscillatory movement and in said outer groove during said second cycle of oscillatory movement and thereby effect wire end turns at opposite ends of the stator of different pattern as the wire is wound in the stator slots during said first and second cycles of oscillating movement ofithe cylindrical member; power means, and driving shaft means operably connecting said power means to said first, second and third cam means whereby said shuttle, finger members and cylindrical member are actuated in a predetermined sequence with respect to each other whereby said first and second cycles of oscillatory movement of said cylindrical member by said third cam means to effect said wire end turns and to alternately bring each of said pair of slots of the stator into register with the finger members occurs in predetermined timed relation with the movement of said shuttle and finger members by said first and second cam means.

9. The combination defined by claim 8 including first operable means for varying the second cam means and thereby the predetermined positions of the finger members for said first and second cycles of oscillatory movement, and second operable means for varying the third cam means and thereby the predetermined oscillatory movement imparted to the cylindrical member during said first and second cycles of oscillatory movement, said first and second operable means being cooperatively adjustable so as to change the pattern of the coils wound in the slots of the stator during said second cycle from the coils wound during said first cycle of oscillatory movement.

10. A wire pick-up assembly comprising a housing, a bearing element, an inner bearing collar affixed to said housing for slidably supporting the housing on the bearing element, a lever member pivotally connected to said housing, said lever member having an inner cam surface,

9 a cam follower slidably mounted on said bearing collar and contacting said cam surface, spring means biasing the lever member into contacting relation with said cam follower at said cam surface, means positioned at the free end of said lever member to pick up the wire, operative means connected to said cam follower for slidably positioning the cam follower on said inner bearing collar to adjust the cam follower in relation to the cam surface so as to effect a pivotal movement of the lever member relative to the housing so as to selectively raise and lower the wire pick up means relative to the housing, and other operative means to actuate the inner bearing collar so as to axially move the housing and thereby the lever member and wire pick-up means along the bearing element.

11. The combination defined by claim including a third operative means to effectively position the wire pickup means at the free end of the lever member so as to selectively pick up and release the wire.

12. The combination defined by claim 10 including means operatively connected to the housing for oscillating the housing on the bearing element in opposite senses so as to effectively position the wire pick-up means at the free end of the lever member to selectively pick up and release the wire.

13. In a winding mechanism for a slotted unit of an electrical apparatus by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are wound into selected slots opening from a bore in the unit, said mechanism being of a type including a rotatably mounted supporting means adapted to hold and oscillate the slotted unit back and forth to selected positions during the winding thereof, "a winding element disposed in an operative relation to said supporting means for back and forth motion through said bore, means including said element for threading winding wire into the bore of said unit, finger means positioned at one end of the slotted unit and other finger means positioned at the opposite end of said slotted unit, said first and second mentioned finger means being operable to place the winding wire into slots in said unit coinciding with the selected positions effected by the oscillatory movement of said supporting means; the improvement comprising end turn forming members mounted on opposite ends of the slotted unit, each of said end turn forming members having an inner groove and an outer groove, movable carriage means for each of said finger means, actuating means for said carriage means and finger means, said actuating means including first means for imparting arcuate movements to said finger means to pick up and release the winding wire, and second means for imparting vertical and lateral motions to said finger means relative to said unit, a first control mechanism for said actuating means for operating the first and second means of said actuating means in timed relation with the movement of said winding element and the oscillation of said supporting means in such a manner as to cause said finger means to pick up and place the wire in selected slots in said unit and within the inner groove of each of said end turn forming members in a first predetermined winding pattern, a second control mechanism for said actuating means for operating the first and second means of said actuating means in timed relation with the movement of said winding element and the oscillation of said supporting means in such a manner as to cause said finger means to pick up and place the wire in selected slots in said unit and within the outer groove of each of said end t-urn forming members in a second predetermined winding pattern, and means for selectively rendering said first and second control mechanisms operable to effect the aforesaid winding patterns.

14. In a winding mechanism for a slotted unit of an electrical apparatus by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are wound into selected slots opening from a bore in the unit, said mechanism being of a type including a rotatably mounted supporting means adapted to hold and oscillate the slotted unit back and forth to selected positions during the winding thereof, a winding element disposed in an operative relation to said supporting means for back and forth motion through said bore, means including said element for threading winding wire into the bore of said unit, finger means positioned at one end of the slotted unit and other finger means positioned at the opposite end of said slotted unit, said first and second mentioned finger means being operable to place the winding wire into slots in said unit coinciding with the selected positions effected by the oscillatory movement of said supporting means; the improvement comprising erid turn forming members mounted on opposite ends of the slotted unit, each of said end turn forming members having an inner groove and an outer groove, movable carriage means for each of said finger means, first means for imparting angular movements to each of said carriage means to cause the finger means carried thereby to selectively pick up and release the winding wire, second means for imparting lateral movements to each of said carriage means in a sense to position the finger means carried thereby away from said soltted unit, and third means operable in a sense for imparting vertical movements to each of said finger means, relative to said slotted unit and in another sense for imparting lateral movements to each of said carriage means so as to position said finger means toward said slotted unit, a control mechanism for operating said first, second and third means in timed relation with the movement of said winding ele ment and the oscillatory position of said supporting means, said control mechanism including first and second selec tively operable cam means, said first cam means being operable to cause said finger means to place the winding wire in a first set of selected slots in said unit and within the inner groove of each of said end turn forming mernbers to effect a first predetermined winding pattern, and said second cam means being operable to cause said finger means to place the winding wire in a second set of selected slots in said unit and within the outer groove of each of said end turn forming members in a second predetermined winding pattern, and operator-operative means for selectively shifting the first and second cam means in and out of operative relation to effect said winding patterns.

15. In 'a winding mechanism for a slotted unit of an electrical apparatus by which coils comprising a plurality of loops of winding wire are wound into selected slots opening from a bore in the unit, said mechanism being of a type including a rotatably mounted supporting means adapted to hold and oscillate the slotted unit back and forth to selected positions during the winding thereof, a winding element disposed in an operative relation to said supporting means for back and forth motion through said bore, means including said element for threading winding wire into the bore of said unit, finger means positioned at one end of the slotted unit and other finger means positioned at the opposite end of said slotted unit, said first and second mentioned finger means being operable to place the winding wire into slots in said unit coinciding with the selected positions effected by the oscillatory movement of said supporting means; the improvement comprising end turn forming members mounted on opposite ends of the slotted unit, each of said end turn formmg members having an inner groove and an outer groove, movable carriage means for each of said finger means, actuating means for said carriage means and finger means, said actuating means including first means for imparting angular movements to said finger means to pick up and release the winding wire, and second means for imparting vertical and lateral motions to said finger means relative to said unit, control mechanism for said actuating means for effecting operation of said first and second means in timed relation with the movement of said winding element and the oscillation of said supporting means, said control mechanism being operable in a first sense to cause said finger means to place the winding wire in selected slots in said unit and within the inner groove of each of said end turn forming members in one Winding pattern, and said control mechanism being operable in a second sense to cause said finger means to place the Winding wire in selected slots in said unit and within the outer groove of each of said end turn forming members in another winding pattern, and means to render said control mechanism selectively operable in said first :and second sense.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 22 Wirfh -1 Dec. 11, 1951 Scofield et al. Jan. 6, 1953 Freegard July 1, 1958 Lill et a1. Aug. 12, 1958 Partner Mar. 3, 1959 Roberts Feb. 2, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS France Sept. 10, 1956 Great Britain Feb. 12, 1958

US746437A 1958-07-03 1958-07-03 Apparatus for winding field coils Expired - Lifetime US3061211A (en)

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US4511960 US3220094A (en) 1958-07-03 1960-07-25 Method of winding a stator

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3736630A (en) * 1969-07-31 1973-06-05 Shapiro N Apparatus and methods for making miniature incandescent lamps and the like

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US2445937A (en) * 1945-05-09 1948-07-27 Westinghouse Electric Corp Coil winding machine
US2578495A (en) * 1948-07-16 1951-12-11 Micafil Ag Coil form
US2624518A (en) * 1946-10-05 1953-01-06 Gen Motors Corp Stator winding machine
FR1129894A (en) * 1954-04-26 1957-01-28 Bendix Aviat Corp Improvements to devices for winding stators
GB790731A (en) * 1955-05-06 1958-02-12 Bendix Aviat Corp Stator winding apparatus
US2840889A (en) * 1954-02-10 1958-07-01 Gen Electric Method of forming wound magnetic cores
US2847170A (en) * 1957-03-18 1958-08-12 Fort Wayne Tool Die & Engineer Winding apparatus for distributed wound stators
US2876449A (en) * 1956-09-21 1959-03-03 Farmer Cecil Method of winding armature cores in an apparatus
US2923484A (en) * 1955-04-01 1960-02-02 Bendix Aviat Corp Coil forming device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445937A (en) * 1945-05-09 1948-07-27 Westinghouse Electric Corp Coil winding machine
US2624518A (en) * 1946-10-05 1953-01-06 Gen Motors Corp Stator winding machine
US2578495A (en) * 1948-07-16 1951-12-11 Micafil Ag Coil form
US2840889A (en) * 1954-02-10 1958-07-01 Gen Electric Method of forming wound magnetic cores
FR1129894A (en) * 1954-04-26 1957-01-28 Bendix Aviat Corp Improvements to devices for winding stators
US2923484A (en) * 1955-04-01 1960-02-02 Bendix Aviat Corp Coil forming device
GB790731A (en) * 1955-05-06 1958-02-12 Bendix Aviat Corp Stator winding apparatus
US2876449A (en) * 1956-09-21 1959-03-03 Farmer Cecil Method of winding armature cores in an apparatus
US2847170A (en) * 1957-03-18 1958-08-12 Fort Wayne Tool Die & Engineer Winding apparatus for distributed wound stators

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3736630A (en) * 1969-07-31 1973-06-05 Shapiro N Apparatus and methods for making miniature incandescent lamps and the like

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