US3060935A - Means and method for treating diseases of the teeth and gums - Google Patents

Means and method for treating diseases of the teeth and gums Download PDF

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Publication number
US3060935A
US3060935A US7607260A US3060935A US 3060935 A US3060935 A US 3060935A US 7607260 A US7607260 A US 7607260A US 3060935 A US3060935 A US 3060935A
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teeth
gums
jacket
solution
mouth
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Robert H Riddell
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Robert H Riddell
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C19/00Dental auxiliary appliances
    • A61C19/06Implements for therapeutic treatment
    • A61C19/063Medicament applicators for teeth or gums, e.g. treatment with fluorides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q11/00Preparations for care of the teeth, of the oral cavity or of dentures; Dentifrices, e.g. toothpastes; Mouth rinses

Description

Oct. 30, 1962 R. H. RlDDELL 3,060,935

MEANS AND METHOD FOR TREATING DISEASES OF THE TEETH AND GUMS Filed Dec. 15, 1960 F l G. I

FIG.3

INVENTOR. ROBE/F7 6'. 76/005 @MEQ ATTORNEHS United States Patent 3,069,935 MEANS AND METHGB FOR TREATING DISEASES OF THE TEETH AND GUMS Robert H. Riddell, 3505 W. Henderson, Seattle, Wash. Filed Dec. 15, 1960, Ser. No. 76,072 4 Claims. (Cl. 128-269) This invention is concerned with the treatment or prevention, by a dentist, of various disease conditions by the application to a persons gums and teeth of solutions such as sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride, hydrogen peroxide, or an anti-biotic. Examples of diseases to which application of these and other solutions are specified are dental caries, pyorrhea, gingivitis, and trench mouth. Proper treatment usually requires that the solution be in direct contact with the teeth and gums. While in some instances a comparatively short interval of contact will sutfice, other treatments require that the contact be maintained for intervals of fifteen minutes or more. In either case it is important that no saliva be permitted to dilute the solution. It is furthermore desirable that no appreciable amount of the solution be swallowed by the patient or that the solution come in contact with other surfaces of the mouth.

The present invention provides an advanced means and method of attaining the above ends, consisting in the new method of applying the solution by jacketing the teeth and gums in a bath of such solution and in the novel construction and the adaptation of said jacket for performing the method.

In the accompanying drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevational view of a device constructed to embody the preferred teaching of the present invention and showing, somewhat schematically, the appearance of such device when applied to a patients mouth.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of such device; and

FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view drawn on line 33 of FIG. 2.

The jacket device of the present invention has some what of a crescent shaped plan configuration so as to follow the general contour of the semi-circular borders of a persons jaw-bones (alveolar processes) and has an H shape in cross-section so as to present a respective trough, as and 11, in both the upper and the lower face. It is the function of these troughs to serve as stalls into which a patients upper and lower teeth fit, and the depth of the stalls are suflicient to accommodate the exposed crowns of the teeth as well as the gums which envelop the necks of the teeth.

The jacket is produced with a central sponge-like core 12 exposed top and bottom to the atmosphere but faced about the entire perimeter by a coating 13 composed of a material impermeable to liquid. A tube 14 extends from front to rear through the jacket at a point more or less central to the width, its purpose being to draw saliva from within the mouth. The outer end of the tube projects beyond the front face of the jacket so as to accommodate attachment of a suction hose 15, shown in phantom in FIG. 2.

A material suitable for the core 12 is sponge polyurethane. Foam rubber, latex materials, gelatin and the like could also be employed. For the coating 13, any impermeable material which admits of being made contiguous with the material of the core may be employed. A solid layer of polyurethane would be suitable, as would parafi'in wax, silicone, cellulose, cellophane, latex and various rubber based paints.

In using the jacket device, the solution with which a patients teeth and gums are to be treated is applied to the permeable core, and the device is then introduced Patented Oct. 30, 1962 to the mouth with the teeth occupying the related stalls and the lips drawn over the outer edges. The patient applies a moderate amount of biting pressure which forces the solution from the core into intimate contact with the invested teeth and gums. The time interval during which the jacket device remains in the mouth may be of comparatively short or long duration, according as the condition of the patient and the particular treatment re quires.

Rather than applying suction to the saliva ejector by coupling same to the vacuum in a dentists office, a small syringe or other hand pump, operated by the patient, can be attached in order that the patient will not have to occupy a dental chair While the teeth and gums are being treated. While not shown, a handle may be provided upon the device. The handle would protrude between the lips and would permit easier insertion to and removal from the mouth. The device is perforce made in different sizes to adapt itself to different age groups.

It is here pointed out that the composition of the core could feasibly be such as to itself provide the treatment, being made to dissolve or effervesce in the mouth.

It is believed that the invention will have been clearly understood from the foregoing description. It is my intention that no limitations be implied and that the hereto annexed claims be given the broadest interpretation to which the employed language fairly admits.

What I claim is:

1. The method of treating teeth and gums which comprises completely investing upper and lower teeth and the portions of the gums which envelop the necks thereof in a jacketing sponge permeable to liquid and which is faced about the entire perimeter with a continuous coating impermeable to liquid and with a portion of said investing sponge separating the upper from the lower teeth, the sponge being saturated with a treating solution, and causing the solution to be exuded into intimate contact with the invested teeth and gums by having the patient exert a moderate amount of biting pressure.

2. A jacket for the purpose described comprising a body having a plan configuration generally following the alveolar processes of a patients mouth and presenting in the top and bottom a respective trough arranged and adapted the former to invest the patients upper and the latter the patients lower teeth and gums, said troughs having a spongy facing permeable to liquid, the outer perimeter of the jacket having a coating impermeable to liquid, the upper and lower troughs being separated by a party wall composed of said spongy facing so that biting force exerted by the jaws of a patient to whom the jacket has been applied exudes a treat-ing solution contained by the facing against the teeth and gums with which the facing is in contact.

3. The jacket recited in claim 2 having a tube for removal of saliva extending therethrough from the inner face which is exposed to the interior of the mouth to the outer face which is exposed to the atmosphere.

4. The jacket recited in claim 2 in which the side walls which give to the troughs their plan configuration are continuous so as to close the troughs at each of the two ends.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 767,553 Edgelow Aug. 16, 1904 803,474 Dennis Oct. 31, 1905 1,371,029 Jennings Mar. 8, 1921 1,818,146 Maker Aug. 11, 1931 1,934,688 Ackerman Nov. 14, 1933 2,669,988 Carpenter Feb. 23, 1954 2,884,925 Meynier May 5, 1959

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Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3228055A (en) * 1963-10-31 1966-01-11 Myron F Levenson Device for cleaning teeth
US3234942A (en) * 1963-09-03 1966-02-15 George G Simor Tray arrangement for topical application of medication to the teeth
US3339547A (en) * 1964-11-27 1967-09-05 Alexander J Drabkowski Topical arch tray
US3379193A (en) * 1965-10-11 1968-04-23 Richard P. Monaghan Method of forming and using teeth covers
US3411501A (en) * 1966-03-02 1968-11-19 Greenberg Samuel Thermoplastic mouthpiece and method of making same
US3416527A (en) * 1966-11-25 1968-12-17 Weck & Co Edward Topical arch tray
US3502076A (en) * 1965-08-27 1970-03-24 Adriano Bertolini Electrode for treatment of teeth
US4127125A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-11-28 Lion Hamigaki Kabushiki Kaisha Devices for transmitting ultrasonic waves to teeth
US4195046A (en) * 1978-05-04 1980-03-25 Kesling Peter C Method for molding air holes into a tooth positioning and retaining appliance
US4365783A (en) * 1978-05-04 1982-12-28 Kesling Peter C Mold for making a tooth positioning and retaining appliance with air holes
US4466434A (en) * 1982-12-30 1984-08-21 Brownstein Lois H Offset mouthpiece structure for underwater breathing
US4944313A (en) * 1989-09-06 1990-07-31 E-Z-Em, Inc. Single-use annular mouthpiece
US4979519A (en) * 1988-05-05 1990-12-25 Board Of Regents, University Of Texas System Head positioning system for accurate cranial alignment and dimension in magnetic resonance
US5018967A (en) * 1990-08-15 1991-05-28 Stephen Schwalbach Dental fluoride applicator and method for using same
WO1992002190A1 (en) * 1990-08-09 1992-02-20 Silverman Harvey N Method and system for whitening teeth
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5211559A (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-05-18 Gillette Canada Inc. Dental treatment tray for holding medicament gel
US5234342A (en) * 1990-03-22 1993-08-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sustained release method for treating teeth surfaces
US5235991A (en) * 1992-08-14 1993-08-17 Minneman Sue A Mouth guard
US5310563A (en) * 1991-10-25 1994-05-10 Colgate-Palmolive Company Dental material and method for applying preventative and therapeutic agents
US5376006A (en) * 1990-03-22 1994-12-27 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5406963A (en) * 1989-03-27 1995-04-18 Adell; Loren S. Mouthguard
US5409631A (en) * 1990-03-22 1995-04-25 Ultradent Products Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5469865A (en) * 1994-06-02 1995-11-28 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US5503629A (en) * 1994-05-20 1996-04-02 Catone; Guy A. System for enhancing nourishment of a maxillomandibularly fixated patient
US5511562A (en) * 1994-11-14 1996-04-30 Hancock; Raymond R. Temporomandibular joint appliance
US5851512A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-22 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental compositions having a sticky matrix material for treating sensitive teeth
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5928187A (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-07-27 Glukhov; Semyon A. Device for oxygen prophylaxis and treatment of gum diseases
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
DE10218041A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-11-13 Ilya Fershtandiker U-shaped trough filled with soft material is used for cleaning human teeth by biting into soft material which retains food particles
US6685922B2 (en) 2000-03-23 2004-02-03 Dentsply International Inc. Tooth whitening material and method of whitening teeth
US6685923B2 (en) 2001-01-25 2004-02-03 Dentsply Research & Development Corp. Tooth whitening material and method of whitening teeth
US20040076926A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-04-22 Baughman Jerald L. Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
DE102005052607B4 (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-09-20 Charlot, Juri, Dr. Dental cleaning device
US20100136498A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2010-06-03 Twilight Teeth, Inc. Mouthpiece Devices and Methods to Allow UV Whitening of Teeth
US20130090627A1 (en) * 2011-10-11 2013-04-11 Puthalath Koroth Raghuprasad Oral transmucosal drug delivery device
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20170165040A1 (en) * 2015-10-12 2017-06-15 Mark WOLGIN Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US767553A (en) * 1903-12-07 1904-08-16 Percy Edgelow Dental trough.
US803474A (en) * 1904-06-14 1905-10-31 James W Dennis Dental applicator.
US1371029A (en) * 1920-09-11 1921-03-08 Edward B Dawson Dental applicator
US1818146A (en) * 1925-02-02 1931-08-11 John A Maker Gum massaging device
US1934688A (en) * 1931-02-24 1933-11-14 Ackerman Edward Dental device
US2669988A (en) * 1951-05-08 1954-02-23 Victor H Carpenter Teeth protector
US2884925A (en) * 1956-07-26 1959-05-05 Jr Maurice J Meynier Tampon and depositor

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US767553A (en) * 1903-12-07 1904-08-16 Percy Edgelow Dental trough.
US803474A (en) * 1904-06-14 1905-10-31 James W Dennis Dental applicator.
US1371029A (en) * 1920-09-11 1921-03-08 Edward B Dawson Dental applicator
US1818146A (en) * 1925-02-02 1931-08-11 John A Maker Gum massaging device
US1934688A (en) * 1931-02-24 1933-11-14 Ackerman Edward Dental device
US2669988A (en) * 1951-05-08 1954-02-23 Victor H Carpenter Teeth protector
US2884925A (en) * 1956-07-26 1959-05-05 Jr Maurice J Meynier Tampon and depositor

Cited By (60)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3234942A (en) * 1963-09-03 1966-02-15 George G Simor Tray arrangement for topical application of medication to the teeth
US3228055A (en) * 1963-10-31 1966-01-11 Myron F Levenson Device for cleaning teeth
US3339547A (en) * 1964-11-27 1967-09-05 Alexander J Drabkowski Topical arch tray
US3502076A (en) * 1965-08-27 1970-03-24 Adriano Bertolini Electrode for treatment of teeth
US3379193A (en) * 1965-10-11 1968-04-23 Richard P. Monaghan Method of forming and using teeth covers
US3411501A (en) * 1966-03-02 1968-11-19 Greenberg Samuel Thermoplastic mouthpiece and method of making same
US3416527A (en) * 1966-11-25 1968-12-17 Weck & Co Edward Topical arch tray
US4127125A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-11-28 Lion Hamigaki Kabushiki Kaisha Devices for transmitting ultrasonic waves to teeth
US4195046A (en) * 1978-05-04 1980-03-25 Kesling Peter C Method for molding air holes into a tooth positioning and retaining appliance
US4365783A (en) * 1978-05-04 1982-12-28 Kesling Peter C Mold for making a tooth positioning and retaining appliance with air holes
US4466434A (en) * 1982-12-30 1984-08-21 Brownstein Lois H Offset mouthpiece structure for underwater breathing
US4979519A (en) * 1988-05-05 1990-12-25 Board Of Regents, University Of Texas System Head positioning system for accurate cranial alignment and dimension in magnetic resonance
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5406963A (en) * 1989-03-27 1995-04-18 Adell; Loren S. Mouthguard
US4944313A (en) * 1989-09-06 1990-07-31 E-Z-Em, Inc. Single-use annular mouthpiece
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6086855A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-07-11 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for making scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US5234342A (en) * 1990-03-22 1993-08-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sustained release method for treating teeth surfaces
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5851512A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-22 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental compositions having a sticky matrix material for treating sensitive teeth
US5376006A (en) * 1990-03-22 1994-12-27 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US6183251B1 (en) 1990-03-22 2001-02-06 Ultradent Products, Inc. Scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5409631A (en) * 1990-03-22 1995-04-25 Ultradent Products Dental bleaching compositions and methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5846058A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-12-08 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental trays having thin walls for increased patient comfort
US5770182A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating teeth with anticariogenic and antimicrobial dental compositions
US5770105A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for manufacturing sticky bleaching compositions
US5759037A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-02 Ultradent Products Inc Methods for manufacturing dental trays having thin walls for increased comfort
US5725843A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-03-10 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching teeth surfaces
US5746598A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-05-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental bleaching compositions including a sticky matrix material
US5759038A (en) * 1990-03-22 1998-06-02 Fischer; Dan E. Dental kit for applying sticky dental bleaching compositions to a person's teeth
US5165424A (en) * 1990-08-09 1992-11-24 Silverman Harvey N Method and system for whitening teeth
WO1992002190A1 (en) * 1990-08-09 1992-02-20 Silverman Harvey N Method and system for whitening teeth
US5018967A (en) * 1990-08-15 1991-05-28 Stephen Schwalbach Dental fluoride applicator and method for using same
US5211559A (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-05-18 Gillette Canada Inc. Dental treatment tray for holding medicament gel
US5310563A (en) * 1991-10-25 1994-05-10 Colgate-Palmolive Company Dental material and method for applying preventative and therapeutic agents
US5235991A (en) * 1992-08-14 1993-08-17 Minneman Sue A Mouth guard
US5503629A (en) * 1994-05-20 1996-04-02 Catone; Guy A. System for enhancing nourishment of a maxillomandibularly fixated patient
US5533524A (en) * 1994-06-02 1996-07-09 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US5469865A (en) * 1994-06-02 1995-11-28 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US5511562A (en) * 1994-11-14 1996-04-30 Hancock; Raymond R. Temporomandibular joint appliance
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US5928187A (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-07-27 Glukhov; Semyon A. Device for oxygen prophylaxis and treatment of gum diseases
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6368576B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-04-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching, opacifying and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6685922B2 (en) 2000-03-23 2004-02-03 Dentsply International Inc. Tooth whitening material and method of whitening teeth
US6685923B2 (en) 2001-01-25 2004-02-03 Dentsply Research & Development Corp. Tooth whitening material and method of whitening teeth
DE10218041A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-11-13 Ilya Fershtandiker U-shaped trough filled with soft material is used for cleaning human teeth by biting into soft material which retains food particles
US7160111B2 (en) 2002-09-24 2007-01-09 Twilight Teeth, Inc. Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
US20070099155A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2007-05-03 Twilight Teeth, Inc., A Corporation Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
US20040076926A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-04-22 Baughman Jerald L. Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
US20100136498A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2010-06-03 Twilight Teeth, Inc. Mouthpiece Devices and Methods to Allow UV Whitening of Teeth
US7621746B2 (en) 2002-09-24 2009-11-24 Twilight Teeth, Inc. Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
US8172570B2 (en) 2002-09-24 2012-05-08 Twilight Teeth, Inc. Mouthpiece devices and methods to allow UV whitening of teeth
DE102005052607B4 (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-09-20 Charlot, Juri, Dr. Dental cleaning device
US20130090627A1 (en) * 2011-10-11 2013-04-11 Puthalath Koroth Raghuprasad Oral transmucosal drug delivery device
US8721331B2 (en) * 2011-10-11 2014-05-13 Puthalath Koroth Raghuprasad Oral transmucosal drug delivery device
US20170165040A1 (en) * 2015-10-12 2017-06-15 Mark WOLGIN Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Treatment of Periodontal Disease
US9855123B2 (en) * 2015-10-12 2018-01-02 Mark WOLGIN Negative pressure wound therapy for treatment of periodontal disease

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