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US3048171A - Intravenous injection device - Google Patents

Intravenous injection device Download PDF

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Publication number
US3048171A
US3048171A US77160658A US3048171A US 3048171 A US3048171 A US 3048171A US 77160658 A US77160658 A US 77160658A US 3048171 A US3048171 A US 3048171A
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Prior art keywords
device
container
fig
means
plasma
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Harry R Grau
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Bio Physical Res Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/142Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps
    • A61M5/145Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps using pressurised reservoirs, e.g. pressurised by means of pistons
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/12Pressure infusion

Description

s- 1962 H. R. GRAU 3,048,171

INTRAVENOUS INJECTION DEVICE Filed Nov. 3, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 i F/g. 5

6 INVENTOR.

4 HARRY R. GRAU ATTORNEYS a- 1 62 H. R. GRAU 3,048,171

INTRAVENOUS INJECTION DEVICE Filed Nov. 3, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

HAR RY R. GRAU.

ATTORNEYS Ohio Filed Nov. 3, 1958, Ser. No. 771,606 2 Claims. ((31. 128-214) This invention relates generally to intravenous injection devices, but has reference more particularly to improvements in the device described in my co-pending application, Serial No. 729,152, filed April 17, 1958.

A primary object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described, in whichthe components of the device have been simplified as to their construction, and in which the assembly of the components and the manner of use of the device have also been simplified and improved. 2

Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described, in which a simple rubber diaphragm is used, as a part of the plasma container, thereby eliminating the use of a plastic bag for containing the plasma;

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described, in which a novel needle and plug assembly is utilized by means of which a more effective and fluid-tight connection with the plasma container is efiected.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described, in which a gauge has been incorporated for indicating the quantity of plasma which has been expelled from the device.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description:

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this application. and in which'like numerals represent like parts throughout the several views,

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the device;

FIG. 2 is a bottom plan view of the device;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 44 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, taken on the line 5-5 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 66 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken on the line 7-7 of FIG. 1, of the means for controlling the rate of flow of fluid from the device;

FIG, 8 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 88 of FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 9-9 of FIG. 7;

FIG. 10 is a bottom plan view of the device, as shown in FIG. 7, and

FIG. '11 is a view, partly in elevation and partly in section, of a needle unit or assembly which is used in conjunction with the device.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the device will be seen to comprise a housing, generally designated by reference character 1, made of a suitable lightweight material, preferably a plastic.

The housing comprises a body portion 3 having an annular flange 4 at its outer periphery, which is provided at its upper end with circumferentially-spaced bayonet slots consisting of vertical portions 5 and horizontal arcuate portions 6 which extend circumferentially from the lower ends of the portions 5, as best seen in FIGS. 2, 3

3,048,171 Patented Aug. 7, 1962 ice 2*. and 5. The function of these slots will be presently described.

Extending from the inner periphery of the body portion 3 of the housing 1 is a hub-like or axial extension or collar "7, which terminates in a base 8, from which a sleeve 9 extends inwardly toward the plane of the body portion 3.

The device further comprises a container or receptacle, in which the plasma or other preparation which is intended to be injected into the body is completely enclosed. This container comprises a disc-like portion 10, made of glass or the like, and having an annular flange 11 at its periphery. Frictionally and removably secured to the lower end of the flange 11, as by means of a metallic band 12, is a thin rubber diaphragm 13, which is stretched flat, in the manner shown in FIG. 3.

The flange 11 is provided with circumferentially-spaced pins 14, which are formed integrally with the flanges 11, and are adapted for insertion in the vertical portions 5 of the bayonet slots in the housing flange 4, after which the container is rotated slightly about its axis to move the pins 14 into the portions 6 of the slots, whereby to removably lock the container to the housing.

The portion 14 of the container is provided at its center with a tapered opening 15 for the reception of a socket 16, preferably made of plastic, and which is secured within the opening 15, as by a wringe fit. The socket 16 is provided with an axial opening or passageway 17, which is sealed at its upper end, as by means of a frangible closure or seal 18. The socket 16 is also provided with a pair of bayonet slots consisting of vertical portions 19 and horizontal arcuate portions 20 which extend circumferentially from the lower ends of the portions 19, as best seen in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4. The function of these slots Will be presently described.

For the purpose of expelling the contents of the container 101113, means have been provided, which comprises a piston 21, having a peripheral annular flange 22, which is adapted to engage or abut the inner surface of the body portion 3 of the housing 1, before the contents of the container have begun to be expelled.

The piston 21 is provided with an axial extension 23, which is interiorly threaded, and is slidably mounted in the sleeve 9.

For the purpose of providing a substantially uniform pressure against the piston 21, so that the contents of the container may be expelled at a uniform rate, a compression coil spring 24 is interposed between the piston 21 and the base 8.

For the purpose of locking the piston 21 against the action of the spring 24, a screw 25 is provided, which is threadedly secured within the axial extension 23, and is rnanipulable by means of a knob 26.

Threadedly secured to the screw 25 is a nut 27. When the nut 27 is in abutment with the base 8, the piston 21 is locked or restrained against movement, but when the screw 25 is moved to a position, such as shown in FIG. 3, the piston 21 is free to move, due to the pressure of the spring 24. It will be apparent that by adjusting the position of the nut 27 on the screw 25, the extent to which the piston 21 is moved by the spring 24 may be controlled.

Reference numeral 28 designates generally a strap or similar means by which the device may be removably secured to the limb of a person or to any suitable support.

For the purpose of calibrating or controlling the flow of plasma from the container, I have provided a flow control means, which comprises a stem 29 which extends from the body portion 3 of the housing, and has a V-shaped recess 39 therein. Integrated with the stem 29' is a collar 31, which is interiorly threaded for the reception of a screw 32, having a head 33 and an axial stem 34. Disposed within the stem 29, in such a manner as spasm/1 to be slidable in the stem, but not rotatable therein, is a flow control member 35, having a toe 36. The head 33, of the screw 32 is provided with an index mark as shown in FIG. to indicate the rate of flow of plasma or other fluid from the container, the index mark on the head 33 being'used in conjunction with indicia 37 on a dial 38 aflixed to the collar 31.

The device further includes a gauge for indicating the amount of plasma which has been expelled from the container. This gauge comprises a stem or rod 39 which is secured to the piston 21 and is slidable in a gauge column 49 aflixed to the housing 1. The column 40 bears graduations which are used in conjunction with the lower end of the rod or stem 39 to indicate the amount of plasma which has been expelled from the container.

The device is adapted to be used With a needle unit or assembly, which is shown in FIGS. 3 and 11, and which comprises a flexible'tube 41, to one end of which a needle 42 is attached. The other end of the tube 41 has secured thereto a plug 43 having an axial extension 44, the end of which is beveled, as at 45. The plug and extension have an axial passageway 46 therethrough. The plug is also provided with spaced prongs 47 having toes 48 extending outwardly therefrom.

The use or operation of the device Will now be described.

The spring 24 is first locked against extension by screwing the screw into the axial extension 23 until the nut 27 engages the base 8, after which the fluid container is connected to the housing 1.

The flexible tubing 41 is then placed in the recess of the flow control means and toe 36 of the flow control member moved to collapse the tubing 41, so as to prevent passage of fluid therethrough.

The spring 24 is then released from its locked condition by withdrawing the screw 25, and therefore the nut 27 to a position in spaced relation to the base 8, the extent of such spacing depending upon the amount of plasma which is to be expelled from the container. The spring 24 then becomes efliective to move the piston '21, to thus stretch the diaphragm l3 and expel the contents of the container at a uniform rate, this action ceasing when the nut 27 comes into abutment with the base 8.

The container is then punctured by pushing the axial extension 44 of the plug 43 into the opening 17 in the socket 16, the beveled end 45 of this extension breaking the seal 18 in the course of such insertion. At the same time, the toes 48 of the prongs 47 are passed downwardly through the vertical portions 19 of the bayonet slots in socket 16, after which the plug 43 is rotated slightly about its axis to move the toes 43 into the portions 20 of the slots whereby to lock the plug to the socket and to provide a fluid-tight seal between the plug and socket.

The screw 32 is then turned sufficiently to permit the escape of air from the tubing 41, the air being thus bled from the tubing until plasma emerges from the needle 42, after which the toe 36 is again moved to close the tubing 41. t

The needle 42 is then introduced into the patient, the control opened to the desired flow by setting the index mark on the head 33 to one of the indicia marks on the dial 38.

It is thus seen that I have provided an extremely simple and economical device for injecting plasma and other fluids into the human body.

Due to the fact that the plasma or other fluid is maintained in a completely closed glass container up to and during the time it is used, the plasma or other fluid is maintained in a sterile condition, and any and all danger of contamination or infection is completely avoided.

The removal of emptied containers, and installation of new ones into the device can be quickly and easily accomplished by personnel requiring minimal training and supervision.

it is to be understood that various changes may be made in the device which has been described, without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. In a device of the character described, a housing, a container removably secured to said housing and comprising a hollow, transparent, rigid portion, and a flexible diaphragm secured to said rigid portion, said rigid portion having an axial opening in which a socket is frictionally secured, said socket having an axial passageway there through, which is closed at one end by a frangible seal, spring means disposed within said housing, means responsive to said spring means for distending said diaphragm to expel the contents of said container, said last-named means comprising a piston bearing against said diaphragm, and an assembly associated with said device, said assembly comprising a needle, a plug, and a flexible conduit interconnecting said needle and plug, said plug adapted for connection to said socket and provided with means for breaking said seal to permit flow of fluid from said container through said conduit and needle.

2. A device, as defined in claim 1, including a gauge secured to said housing for indicating the amount of fluid which has been expelled from said container.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 159,192 Leiter Jan. 26, 1875 922,331 Quarles May 18, 1909 1,476,946 Bessesen Dec. 11, 1923 2,471,852 Bau May 31, 1949 2,669,230 Smoot Feb. 16, 1954 2,690,179 Fox Sept. 28, 1954 2,699,166 Dickinson et a1 Jan. 11, 1955 2,704,543 Scherer Mar. 22, 1955 2,737,946 Hein Mar. 13, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 296,188 Switzerland Apr. 1, 1954

US3048171A 1958-11-03 1958-11-03 Intravenous injection device Expired - Lifetime US3048171A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3162336A (en) * 1960-11-29 1964-12-22 Dole Valve Co Adjustable slug liquid dispenser
US3384080A (en) * 1964-10-16 1968-05-21 Us Catheter & Instr Corp Portable spring powered infusion device having escapement means controlling speed ofinfusion
US3451393A (en) * 1966-02-07 1969-06-24 Stanley J Sarnoff Automatic infusion device
US3468308A (en) * 1966-01-17 1969-09-23 Howard R Bierman Pressure infusion device for ambulatory patients with pressure control means
US3469578A (en) * 1965-10-12 1969-09-30 Howard R Bierman Infusion device for ambulatory patients with flow control means
US3506005A (en) * 1967-02-23 1970-04-14 Arthur S Gilio Pressure infusion device for medical use
US3507278A (en) * 1966-06-27 1970-04-21 Winfried Joseph Werding Apparatus for dispensing parenteral fluid
US3640277A (en) * 1968-12-09 1972-02-08 Marvin Adelberg Medical liquid administration device
US3731681A (en) * 1970-05-18 1973-05-08 Univ Minnesota Implantable indusion pump
US3902635A (en) * 1973-03-05 1975-09-02 Walter J Jinotti Fluid dispensing apparatus
US3939832A (en) * 1973-03-09 1976-02-24 Med-Pak Corporation Liquid flow regulator and monitor for infusion system
US4140117A (en) * 1975-05-12 1979-02-20 Alza Corporation Cartridge for liquid infusion apparatus
US4182344A (en) * 1977-08-19 1980-01-08 G. D. Searle & Co., Limited Pressure control tracheal device
US4312493A (en) * 1979-05-05 1982-01-26 Stauffer Rita A Apparatus for controlled liquid administration
WO1984001900A1 (en) * 1982-11-16 1984-05-24 Bioresearch Inc Autotransfusion device with twisted collection bag
US4702397A (en) * 1984-09-18 1987-10-27 Infusion Systems Corporation Pressurized fluid dispenser
US4886189A (en) * 1988-02-29 1989-12-12 Vanderjagt John A System for selectively containing metering and dispensing liquids
US5186712A (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-02-16 Kansas Creative Devices, Inc. Intravenous catheter launching device
US5304153A (en) * 1991-07-10 1994-04-19 Nissho Corporation Apparatus and system for the self-dosing of a liquid medicine
WO1997034651A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 1997-09-25 Mcphee Charles J Platen pump
US5911716A (en) * 1992-01-24 1999-06-15 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US6358239B1 (en) 1992-01-24 2002-03-19 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US20040138612A1 (en) * 2002-07-22 2004-07-15 Shermer Charles D. Patch-like infusion device
US7337922B2 (en) 1992-01-24 2008-03-04 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US20080215015A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-09-04 Chris Cindrich Patch-Like Infusion Device
US8945071B2 (en) 2010-09-02 2015-02-03 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device having needle cover with activation preventer
US8961469B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2015-02-24 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US20150202643A1 (en) * 2014-01-20 2015-07-23 Trusval Technology Co., Ltd. Syringe meter
US9555187B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-01-31 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9579461B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-02-28 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
EP3019213A4 (en) * 2013-07-11 2017-03-01 Bayer Healthcare Llc Fluid container displacement pump
US9717850B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-08-01 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9833562B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-12-05 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US159192A (en) * 1875-01-26 Improvement in hypodermic syringes
US922331A (en) * 1908-06-16 1909-05-18 David B Chamberlain Hypodermic syringe.
US1476946A (en) * 1922-03-20 1923-12-11 Alfred N Bessesen Fluid-pressure device
US2471852A (en) * 1947-07-19 1949-05-31 Bau Robert Gordon Dispenser with flow restricting valve
US2669230A (en) * 1947-07-30 1954-02-16 Becton Dickinson Co Injection apparatus
US2690179A (en) * 1950-01-20 1954-09-28 Fox Dorothy Brown Syringe
US2699166A (en) * 1949-07-29 1955-01-11 Becton Dickinson Co Hypodermic injection unit
US2704543A (en) * 1955-03-22 Hypo jet injector
US2737946A (en) * 1949-09-01 1956-03-13 Jr George N Hein Hypodermic injection apparatus

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US159192A (en) * 1875-01-26 Improvement in hypodermic syringes
US2704543A (en) * 1955-03-22 Hypo jet injector
US922331A (en) * 1908-06-16 1909-05-18 David B Chamberlain Hypodermic syringe.
US1476946A (en) * 1922-03-20 1923-12-11 Alfred N Bessesen Fluid-pressure device
US2471852A (en) * 1947-07-19 1949-05-31 Bau Robert Gordon Dispenser with flow restricting valve
US2669230A (en) * 1947-07-30 1954-02-16 Becton Dickinson Co Injection apparatus
US2699166A (en) * 1949-07-29 1955-01-11 Becton Dickinson Co Hypodermic injection unit
US2737946A (en) * 1949-09-01 1956-03-13 Jr George N Hein Hypodermic injection apparatus
US2690179A (en) * 1950-01-20 1954-09-28 Fox Dorothy Brown Syringe

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3162336A (en) * 1960-11-29 1964-12-22 Dole Valve Co Adjustable slug liquid dispenser
US3384080A (en) * 1964-10-16 1968-05-21 Us Catheter & Instr Corp Portable spring powered infusion device having escapement means controlling speed ofinfusion
US3469578A (en) * 1965-10-12 1969-09-30 Howard R Bierman Infusion device for ambulatory patients with flow control means
US3468308A (en) * 1966-01-17 1969-09-23 Howard R Bierman Pressure infusion device for ambulatory patients with pressure control means
US3451393A (en) * 1966-02-07 1969-06-24 Stanley J Sarnoff Automatic infusion device
US3507278A (en) * 1966-06-27 1970-04-21 Winfried Joseph Werding Apparatus for dispensing parenteral fluid
US3506005A (en) * 1967-02-23 1970-04-14 Arthur S Gilio Pressure infusion device for medical use
US3640277A (en) * 1968-12-09 1972-02-08 Marvin Adelberg Medical liquid administration device
US3731681A (en) * 1970-05-18 1973-05-08 Univ Minnesota Implantable indusion pump
US3902635A (en) * 1973-03-05 1975-09-02 Walter J Jinotti Fluid dispensing apparatus
US3939832A (en) * 1973-03-09 1976-02-24 Med-Pak Corporation Liquid flow regulator and monitor for infusion system
US4140117A (en) * 1975-05-12 1979-02-20 Alza Corporation Cartridge for liquid infusion apparatus
US4182344A (en) * 1977-08-19 1980-01-08 G. D. Searle & Co., Limited Pressure control tracheal device
US4312493A (en) * 1979-05-05 1982-01-26 Stauffer Rita A Apparatus for controlled liquid administration
WO1984001900A1 (en) * 1982-11-16 1984-05-24 Bioresearch Inc Autotransfusion device with twisted collection bag
US4500308A (en) * 1982-11-16 1985-02-19 Bioresearch Inc. Autotransfusion device with twisted collection bag
US4702397A (en) * 1984-09-18 1987-10-27 Infusion Systems Corporation Pressurized fluid dispenser
US4886189A (en) * 1988-02-29 1989-12-12 Vanderjagt John A System for selectively containing metering and dispensing liquids
US5304153A (en) * 1991-07-10 1994-04-19 Nissho Corporation Apparatus and system for the self-dosing of a liquid medicine
US5186712A (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-02-16 Kansas Creative Devices, Inc. Intravenous catheter launching device
US20050211725A1 (en) * 1992-01-24 2005-09-29 Rake Kenneth W Platen pump
US5911716A (en) * 1992-01-24 1999-06-15 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US6358239B1 (en) 1992-01-24 2002-03-19 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US7337922B2 (en) 1992-01-24 2008-03-04 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US7083068B2 (en) 1992-01-24 2006-08-01 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US6871759B2 (en) 1992-01-24 2005-03-29 I-Flow Corporation Platen pump
US20040108333A1 (en) * 1992-01-24 2004-06-10 Rake Kenneth W. Platen pump
WO1997034651A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 1997-09-25 Mcphee Charles J Platen pump
US20040138612A1 (en) * 2002-07-22 2004-07-15 Shermer Charles D. Patch-like infusion device
US7250037B2 (en) * 2002-07-22 2007-07-31 Becton, Dickinson And Company Patch-like infusion device
US20070203454A1 (en) * 2002-07-22 2007-08-30 Shermer Charles D Patch-Like Infusion Device
US7678079B2 (en) * 2002-07-22 2010-03-16 Becton, Dickinson And Company Patch-like infusion device
US9597450B2 (en) 2003-07-22 2017-03-21 Becton, Dickinson And Company Patch-like infusion device
US9364606B2 (en) 2003-07-22 2016-06-14 Becton, Dickinson And Company Patch-like infusion device
US20080215015A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-09-04 Chris Cindrich Patch-Like Infusion Device
US8444604B2 (en) 2003-08-12 2013-05-21 Becton, Dickinson And Company Patch-like infusion device
US8961469B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2015-02-24 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9833562B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-12-05 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9717850B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-08-01 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9555187B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-01-31 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9579461B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2017-02-28 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US9919097B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2018-03-20 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device
US8945071B2 (en) 2010-09-02 2015-02-03 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device having needle cover with activation preventer
US9675752B2 (en) 2010-09-02 2017-06-13 Becton, Dickinson And Company Self-injection device having needle cover with activation preventer
EP3019213A4 (en) * 2013-07-11 2017-03-01 Bayer Healthcare Llc Fluid container displacement pump
US9377337B2 (en) * 2014-01-20 2016-06-28 Trusval Technology Co., Ltd. Syringe meter
US20150202643A1 (en) * 2014-01-20 2015-07-23 Trusval Technology Co., Ltd. Syringe meter

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