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US3041796A - Waffle back abrasive disc - Google Patents

Waffle back abrasive disc Download PDF

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Publication number
US3041796A
US3041796A US468560A US3041796A US 3041796 A US3041796 A US 3041796A US 468560 A US468560 A US 468560A US 3041796 A US3041796 A US 3041796A
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Prior art keywords
abrasive
sheet
pad
back
adhesive
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Expired - Lifetime
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Roy J Walters
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Roy J Walters
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D11/00Constructional features of flexible abrasive materials; Special features in the manufacture of such materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D9/00Wheels or drums supporting in exchangeable arrangement a layer of flexible abrasive material, e.g. sandpaper
    • B24D9/08Circular back-plates for carrying flexible material

Description

July 3, 1962 R. J. WALTERS WAFFLE BACK ABRASIVE DISC Filed Jan. 26, 1960 Attorney rates atent 3,il4l,796 Fatented July 3, 1952 Fice This invention relates to abrasive coated sheets and more particularly to such a sheet having a flexible web secured to the back side thereof which is coated with a pressure sensitive coating for cooperation with a similarly coated back-up pad.

Abrasive sheets currently in use having their backs coated with a pressure sensitive material have substantially fiat backs thereby assuring maximum surface contact, and hence adhesion, between the flat, adhesive-coated back-up pad and the abrasive sheet. This large contact area between the abrasive sheet and the back-up pad is useless, however, at sanding (or grinding, etc.) speeds which are quite high causing excessive heat in the sheet which liquefies the adhesive material thereby permitting the abrasive sheet to fiy off the back-up pad.

In making abrasive sheets of the desired size and shape, large sheets are usually stuck together with the adhesive side of one sheet stuck to the abrasive side of an adjacent sheet, see United States Patent No. 2,485,295, and then the various shapes and sizes of discs, rectangular bands, etc. are die cut from these stacked sheets.

These abrasive sheets are shipped and stored in die cut stacks. This mode of shipment and storage has two main disadvantages. When a die cut stack of abrasive sheets is delivered to the job, the workman finds it a tedious operation to separate a single sheet from the stack especially where the sheets are coated with a fine abrasive. In his haste he often inadvertently separates a pack of two or three sheets from the stack thinking the pack is a single sheet. Since the sheets are adhered abrasive side to adhesive side, it is possible, even when several sheets are removed from the stack, to use the pack of sheets removed as if it were a single sheet. This results in wasting one, or two, or more abrasive surfaces, depending on how many sheets were in the pack removed from the stack.

Another drawback of storing the sheets stacked as described is that the adhesive material currently in use is organic and tends to grow onto surfaces with which it is in contact. Over a long storage period this growt can cause dilficulty in separating the sheets and, even if the sheets can be separated, adhesive residue may remain on the abrasive side of one sheet.

One object of this invention is to provide a cooler cutting abrasive sheet thereby reducing the likelihood of sheet slippage on the back-up pad under high temperature operating conditions.

Another object is to improve the abrading characteristics of an abrasive sheet having a pressure sensitive coated back.

A further object is to eliminate the possibility that a workman may use more than one abrasive sheet at a time.

The first two objects are accomplished by bonding a flexible fiber grid to the back of the abrasive sheet with a resilient setting adhesive and coating the grid with a pres sure sensitive adhesive. Even though the grid backed abrasive sheet does not adhere as strongly to the backup pad as a conventional sheet when sanding or grinding is not in progress (because of the smaller contacting area), when sanding or etc. is in progress the heat on the abrasive face of a conventional sheet is rapidly conducted bersbetween the abrasive surface of the sheet and the face of the back-up pad. This reduces the heat build-up at the interface between the back-up pad and the abrasive sheet thereby reducing the hazard of adhesive liquefaction. The possibility of slippage may optionally be further reduced by providing the back-up pad with protuberances which project into the grid openings.

The abrading characteristics of a grid backed abrasive sheet are also better than the characteristics of a conventional flat backed sheet because of the greater flexing of the abrasive surface caused by the grid backing. Flexing the abrasive surface is important because each abrading particle has several sharp points which project at different angles and are located at different distances from the sheet itself. When a flat backed abrasive sheet is used, only the high points on the abrasive particles are utilized and then the disc takes on a shiny appearance and loses its abrasive characteristics. When a grid backed sheet is used, the sheet continually flexes or ripples thereby using many more points on each of the abrading particles than are utilized by conventional flat backed pads. This greater usage of the available points on the abrading particles obviously lengthens the life of the abrasive sheet.

The third object is accomplished by shipping the discs with a pressure sensitive grid stuck to another pressure sensitive grid. Obviously a workman cannot inadvertently place a pair of back-to-back adhered sheets on a backup pad. Back-to-back shipment is possible because of the relatively small contacting area between the two adhesive grids. This method of shipment has the further advantage that no adhesive can stay on the abrasive surface when the discs are separated since an adhesive grid at no time contacts an abrasive surface.

Other objects and advantages will be pointed out in or be apparent from the specification and claims, as will obvious modifications of the single embodiment shown in the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a side sectional view of a grid backed disc mounted on a sanding device;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the surface of a back-up pad having pyramid shaped protuberances;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the wafile backing on an abrasive disc;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing two partially separated sanding discs;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged View of a portion of the abrasive surface of a disc; and

FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of the abrasive disc showing the adhesive layers thereon.

The drawings show only disc shaped abrasive sheets, however the invention disclosed herein is not limited to discs, it relates to all shapes and sizes of abrasive sheets.

Referring to the drawings, a waffle back abrasive disc 10 is composed of a base sheet 12 having an abrasive coating 14 on one side and a wafiie or grid 16 bonded to the other side. Grid 16 is composed of woven fiber, which is very inexpensive, or any other suitably flexible and inexpensive material. It should be appreciated that the wafiie backing need not be in the form of a grid, it can be several generally parallel string-like strands, or an unsymmetrical web, or any other configuration which performs the functions of grid 16 hereinafter described. The bond between the grid and the base sheet is made with a strong, flexible setting, high temperature resistant adhesive 15.

Grid 16 is coated with a pressure sensitive adhesive 18. Adhesive 18 may be applied immediately after the grid is glued to the base sheet.

The waffle backed disc has several depressions or openings 20 between string-like members 22 which compose the grid. String-like members 22 are spaced so that depressions 20 receive pyramid shaped protuberances 24 which project from soft rubber back-up pad 26. Protuberances 24 and the rest of the back-up pad are coated with pressure sensitive adhesive. Of course protuberances 24 can have any shapeapplicant chooses to use the pyramid shape only because this is a standard, commercially available product. In fact, the present waflle backed pad is suitable for use with a conventional backup pad having no protuberances, however, best results are obtained by use of a back-up pad equipped with protuberances of some sort.

Back-up pad 26 is cemented to a hard rubber pad 28 which is fixed on mandrel 30 by sandwiching pad 28 between nuts 32 and 34 threaded on the end of mandrel 30. Nut 34 is hexagonal in shape so that when it is tightened into pad 2 8 it prevents twisting of the pad with respect to mandrel30.

When grinding is in progress, the abrasive surface of disc tends to ripple or flex. As shown in FIG. 5, abrasive particles 36 each have several sharp points and this rippling permits not only high points 38 on the abrasive particles to be utilized, but also brings points 40 into contact with the workpiece. Points 40 on abrasive particles mounted on a conventional fiat-back disc are not utilized to an appreciable extent and so a conventional disc becomes shiny and useless much sooner than a wafile backed disc.

At high sanding speeds considerable heat is generated on the abrasive face of disc 10. Depressions serve as insulating chambers between back-up pad 26 and base sheet 12 thereby cutting down the temperatures at the interface between grid 16 and the back-up pad. Therefore, pressure sensitive adhesive 18 is not melted at sanding speeds at which the adhesive on flat backed discs would liquefy. If the heat does rise high enough to liquefy the adhesive between members 22 and pad 12 protuberances 2'4 prevent disc 10 from flying off the back-up pad. Thus, the pad may slip only a short lateral distance and then grid 16 contacts adhesive on the back-up pad which was almost completely insulated from disc 10 before the disc slipped and such adhesive is, therefore, capable of reestablishing an adhesive bond with grid 16.

The waflle backed pads are stuck together in pairs for shipment as shown in FIG. 4, and may be shelved for long periods since the contacting area of the two grids is quite small. The grids also serve to space the discs so that separation is quite easy.

Although but one embodiment of the present invention has been illustrated and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In combination with a back-up pad having abutment means protruding from one side, an abrasive sheet comprising, a base sheet, an abrasive surface on one side of said base sheet, and abutment means on the other side of said base sheet having a pressure sensitive adhesive contact thereon, said abutment means cooperating with said back-up pad abutment means to prevent lateral shifting of the abrasive sheet with respect to the pad.

2. The combination according to claim 1 in which the abutment means on said base sheet forms the side walls of a depression having the base sheet for the bottom, and said abutment means on the back-up pad projects into said depression for cooperation therewith to prevent lateral movement of the abrasive sheet with respect to the back-up pad.

3. The combination according to claim 2 in which the abutment means on said base sheet comprises a plurality of string-like members.

4. The combination according to claim 3 in which the abutment means on said back-up pad comprises a plurality of protuberances projecting from said pad.

5. The combination according to claim 4 in which said string-like members form a grid and said protuberances project into the openings therein.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,212,131 Coate Jan. 9, 1917 1,866,513 Ballard July 5, 1932 2,000,475 ODonnell May 7, 1935 2,073,167 Myers Mar. 9, 1937 2,667,436 Goepfert et al Jan. 26, 1954

US3041796A 1960-01-26 1960-01-26 Waffle back abrasive disc Expired - Lifetime US3041796A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3457823A (en) * 1966-09-23 1969-07-29 Stephen V Dillon Protective bolt and nut assemblies
EP0320640A2 (en) * 1987-12-15 1989-06-21 Gerd Braasch Sanding element for a sanding assembly of a vibration sander
WO1995021729A1 (en) * 1994-02-15 1995-08-17 Catalfer Snc Di Catalfamo Giuseppe System for clamping replaceable abrasive discs to the sides of plates on rotating dressers
US6443298B2 (en) 1986-11-25 2002-09-03 Hitachi, Ltd. Surface package type semiconductor package and method of producing semiconductor memory

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1212131A (en) * 1916-05-04 1917-01-09 Albert P Coate Means for grinding and polishing rolling-mill rolls.
US1866513A (en) * 1930-10-10 1932-07-05 Griswoldville Mfg Company Reenforced paper
US2000475A (en) * 1932-02-11 1935-05-07 Philip L O'donnell Adhesive material
US2073167A (en) * 1936-10-23 1937-03-09 American Floor Surfacing Mach Surface cleaning means
US2667436A (en) * 1950-09-21 1954-01-26 Carborundum Co Pressure sensitive adhesive coated sheet material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1212131A (en) * 1916-05-04 1917-01-09 Albert P Coate Means for grinding and polishing rolling-mill rolls.
US1866513A (en) * 1930-10-10 1932-07-05 Griswoldville Mfg Company Reenforced paper
US2000475A (en) * 1932-02-11 1935-05-07 Philip L O'donnell Adhesive material
US2073167A (en) * 1936-10-23 1937-03-09 American Floor Surfacing Mach Surface cleaning means
US2667436A (en) * 1950-09-21 1954-01-26 Carborundum Co Pressure sensitive adhesive coated sheet material

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3457823A (en) * 1966-09-23 1969-07-29 Stephen V Dillon Protective bolt and nut assemblies
US6443298B2 (en) 1986-11-25 2002-09-03 Hitachi, Ltd. Surface package type semiconductor package and method of producing semiconductor memory
EP0320640A2 (en) * 1987-12-15 1989-06-21 Gerd Braasch Sanding element for a sanding assembly of a vibration sander
EP0320640A3 (en) * 1987-12-15 1990-10-03 Gerd Braasch Sanding element for a sanding assembly of a vibration sander
WO1995021729A1 (en) * 1994-02-15 1995-08-17 Catalfer Snc Di Catalfamo Giuseppe System for clamping replaceable abrasive discs to the sides of plates on rotating dressers

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