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US3040994A - Luminaire - Google Patents

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US3040994A
US3040994A US74216958A US3040994A US 3040994 A US3040994 A US 3040994A US 74216958 A US74216958 A US 74216958A US 3040994 A US3040994 A US 3040994A
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Prior art keywords
light
reflector
walls
reflected
side
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Melvin R Anderson
Max C Nelson
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Westinghouse Electric Corp
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Westinghouse Electric Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/04Optical design
    • F21V7/09Optical design with a combination of different curvatures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V17/00Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages

Description

June 26, 1962 M. R. ANDERSON ETAL 3,04

LUMINAIRE Filed June 16, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet l June 26, 1962 M. R. ANDERSON ETAL 3,040,994

LUMINAIRE Filed June 16, 1958 2 SheetsSheet 2 30 l3 l4 I2 36 1 Ellipse Q Purobolu l5 I 25 4O United States Fatent @flflce 3,040,994 Patented June 26, 1962 an iwa LUMINAIRE Melvin R. Anderson, Avon Lake, Ohio, md Max C. Nelson, Fremont, Ind., assignors to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed June 16, 1958, Ser. No. 742,169 8 Claims. (Cl. 240-103) This invention relates to a luminaire, and more particularly to street or roadway luminaire reflectors.

In the past, it has been common to use luminaire reflectors of the open-reflector type for residential and suburban streetlightin g and highway illumination. These reflectors have been objectionable because they allowed the direct light rays to be emitted from the luminaire at high angles relative to the roadway thereby dispersing the light over a large area. This light is not only lost for use on the roadway itself, but is objectionable in the homes located along the roadway.

The roadway should be illuminated to a relatively high intensity and in a substantially rectangular pattern extending outwardly from the luminaire in both directions along the roadway to obtain maximum driver visibility. The rectangular pattern should be of such a Width to include the sidewalks running parallel to the roadway, but the cut-off angle should be sufliciently low so that no direct light falls upon the homes located closely adjacent to the sidewalk.

When utilizing a streetlighting luminaire having an open reflector attached to a universal head, it is desirable that the amount of reflected light directed upon the remote side of the roadway be appreciably greater than that directed upon the adjacent side. By having this arrangement, objects upon the roadway are silhouetted from a distance by the light reflected from the roadway surface. In practice, the open reflector should be designed to provide maximum light distribution over designated areas, particularly, in streetlighting wherein the streetlights are confined for the most part to one side of the roadway. To achieve a relatively uniform lighting distribution of the designated areas, it is desirable that the reflector used be designed in such a manner that all of the reflected light is emitted from the luminaire without being absorbed by or passing through the lamp or lighting source, which will also emit direct light to the designated areas.

Accordingly, the object of this invention, generally stated, is to provide a new and improved street or roadway luminaire reflector.

Another object of this invention is to provide a reflector for streetlighting luminaires shaped to distribute the light mainly in a substantially rectangular pattern along the roadway without incorporating multiple reflection of the light.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a luminaire reflector which distributes the light from the light source in a light pattern closely approximating the distribution of light from a luminaire having a refractor.

A more specific object of this invention is to provide a luminaire having elliptical, fluted ends and paraboloid sides to distribute the reflected light as effectively as possible.

Still a further object of this invention is to provide a luminaire reflector having an optical design which minimizes the absorption of light by the lighting source therefor.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a luminaire reflector which is suitable for detachable mounting to a standard universal mounting head.

A more specific object of this invention is to provide a luminaire reflector with a large neck diameter of small depth to provide easy accessibility for lamp changing ap- 2 paratus when conducting relamping maintenance operations.

These and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be made apparent during the ensuing description of exemplary forms of the invention vw'th the description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation view of .a luminaire reflector constructed in accordance with this invention;

FIG. 2. is a bottom plan view of the luminaire reflector shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross sectioned view of the luminaire reflector shown in FIG. 2, and taken substantially on the line IIIIII of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a front elevation view of the luminaire shown in FIG. 1, with half of the luminaire reflector being in section taken substantially on the line IVIV of FIG. 1.

The luminaire shown on the drawings comprises a reflector 10, which is generally ovate in form, being provided with a bottom opening so that it forms in effect one-half of an ovate spheroid. The reflector 10 is formed of one integral piece of material, preferably of a noncorrodible material such as aluminum or an aluminum alloy. Located at the upper portion of the reflector 10 is an aperture 13 having a circular mounting collar 12 formed integrally with the reflector 10. At the base of the mounting collar 12, there is located a flat radially extending mounting collar lip 14 which is integral with the mounting collar 12 and the reflector 10. The mount ing collar lip 14, at its outer periphery has a cylindrical flange 15 extending downwardly for a relatively short distance. integrally formed with the downwardly extending cylindrical flange 15 and extending radially outwardly therefrom is a mounting collar flange 36. The mounting collar flange 36, at its outer periphery, has a downwardly extending ring portion 37 which cuhninates in the main surface portions of the reflector 10.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the ovate inverted bowl shaped reflector 10 has elliptically formed front and rear end portions which are fluted. The front wall 39 is an elongated outwardly extending wall from the ring portion 37 having an elliptical shape in both the vertical and horizontal contour which terminates in a peripheral horizontal flange 44. The rear wall 41 has an elliptical shape in verticfl contour as shown in FIG. 3, and also extends downwardly from the ring portion 37 and terminates in the peripheral horizontal flange 44. The front wall 39 and the rear wall 41 are thus elliptical shapes and extend between horizontally located ring portion 37 and horizontally located reflector flange 44. The front wall 39 is elongated to describe a flatter arc than the rear wall 41 relative to the horizontal reflector flange 44 of the reflector. The rear wall 41 of the reflector 10 will thereby lift and disperse reflected light flux from the light center 11 of the light source 27 (shown in dotted lines); whereas, the front wall 39' of the reflector 10 will reflect the light flux at lower angles thereby concentrating the light from these two walls in a frontal direction. The light source 27 mounted in the light socket 29* may be an incandescent or mercury vapor lamp which has a light center 11. Ray traces as shown in FIG. 3, illustrating and describing the forward optical distribution of the light reflected from front wall 39 and rear wall 41 will be more clearly described hereinbelow.

Referring to FIG. 4, the ovate inverted bowl shaped reflector it} has like side Walls 38 symmetrically arranged opposite each other to direct reflected light emanating from the light center 11. beneath the opposite side. As shown in FIG. 4. of this specific embodiment, the lower portions of the side walls 38 have a parabolic shape extending upwardly from the reflector flange 44 for approximately a distance equal to a line drawn through the light center 11 'at an angle of 15 to the horizontal, where it intersects the side walls 38. Above this point of intersection, the side walls 38 have an elliptical contour in the vertical plane. Referring to FIG. 2 of the drawings, the specific embodiment shown has all horizontal cross sections of the side walls 38 as having parabolic sections. Referring to FIG. 4 in conjunction with FIG. 2, it will be seen that the side walls 38 of the reflector 10 will have a parabolic contour at all horizontal sections and will have a parabolic contour in the vertical plane or sections up to the intersection of the line angled at 15 to the light center, thereby providing the lower portion of the side walls 38 of the reflector 11) with a parabolic contour. Above the 15 line referred to above, the reflector side walls 38 will have a parabolic contour in the horizontal plane with an elliptical contou in the vertical plane.

As shown in the drawings, and especially in FIGS. 2 and 4, the front wall 39 and the rear Wall 4 1 of the reflector 10 have fluted portions 40 and 42 located thereon, respectively, which converge upwardly toward the mounting collar 12. In the specific embodiment shown in the drawings, the longitudinal center line of each individual fluted portion is spaced approximately apart with the locus of the intersection of their center lines meeting at substantially the center point of the aperture 13. As shown in FIG. 2 of the drawings, the front flutes 40 and the rear flutes 42 are V-shaped in cross section and formed to project inwardly of the reflector so that each side of each flute is formed to have inwardly facing surfaces which are at an angle of approximately 150 relative to the inner surface of the reflector 19, whereby the sides of each V-shaped flute intersect at an angle of approximately 120. The main flutes extend downwardly on the front and rear walls 39 and 41, respectively, of the reflector 10, with their upper portions substantially adjacent to the intersection of the front wall 39 with the circular ring portion 37. Both the front flutes 40 and the rear flutes 42 extend downwardly substantially the length of the front and rear walls 39 and 41, respectively, ending at a point closely adjacent to, but above, the reflector rim 44. The flutes '46 and 42 are designed to reflect the light flux out of the reflector 19 and into horizontal planes consistent with the main beam angle which is herein described below. Flutes 40 and 42 are located in the front and rear walls, 39 and .1, respectively, which have an elliptical contour in a vertical plane and a parabolic contour in a horizontal plane. Light reflected from the light center 11 by the V-shaped surfaces of the flutes 4t and 42 will be reflected outwardly of the sides of the reflector 10 as shown in FIG. 2. Light reflected from reflecting surfaces of the front and rear walls 39 and 41 other than the flutes, will not be reflected through the light center but will be reflected downward of the bottom opening of the reflector 10. The outermost flutes 43 and 45 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, do not extend the entire length of the front wall 39 of the reflector 10 as it is not necessary to disperse the light in these areas as the reflector side walls 38 will adequately disperse the light without requiring fluted portions.

As shown in FIGS. 2 land 3 of the drawings, on side walls 38 there are located diametrically opposite reflector latch bases 46 having circular rivet holes 48 angularly extending downward from the mounting collar lip 14 so as to be fairing between the downwardly extending cylindrical flange and the side reflector walls 38. The width of the reflector latch base 46 is of suflicient size to accommodate the flat base portion of the latch base 22. The latch base 22 is of a U-shape having a bight portion 21 with upwardly extending legs 23. The bight portion 21 of the latch base 22 is secured to the reflector latch base 46 by rivets 24 passing through rivet holes 48. Adjacent the inner end of the upwardly extending legs 23, and extending therebetween is a latch pin 32. A pivot pin 26, located adjacent the outer end of legs 23 and extending there-between, rotatably mounts a latch 28 to the latch base 22. Latch pin 32 pivotally mounts a latch spring 30 which is of stainless steel construction having an arcuately bent shape in cross section with an aperture 34 at its remote free end. In general applications as shown in FIG. 4, the reflector 10 is mounted to a mounting hood 16 by the latch mechanism. The mounting hood 16 is generally circular in cross section having a recessed lip 17 located at its inner, lowermost periphery. Located on diametrically opposite sides of the mounting hood 16 are the mounting hood latch supports 18. The mounting hood latch supports 18 have a hook-shaped portion 20 on their upper surfaces which are suitable for engaging the apertures 34 located in the ends of the latch springs 30. To engage the reflector 10 to the mounting hood 16, it is merely necessary to position the reflector 1i) beneath the mounting hood 16 and then engage the apertures 34 of the latch springs 30 onto the latch hooks 2t) and depress the latch handles 28. In actuating each latch handle 28, the latch pin 32 is rotated about the pivot pin 26 thereby putting tension on the latch spring 36 which is engaged to the latch hook 20. 'By putting tension on the latch spring 39, the reflector 10 is raised upwardly until the mounting collar lip 14 engages the recessed lip 17 of the mounting hood 16, thereby securely locating and engaging the reflector 1G to the mounting hood 16. The latch pin 32 is then in its overcenter position relative to the pivot pin 26 and the point of engagement of the latch spring aperture 34 of the latch spring 39 located on the latch hook 211 and the hook 20; thereby locking the latch 28 in place until the latch 28 is raised upwardly to release the latch spring 30 from the latch hook 20.

Referring now to FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, there is shown the light ray diagrams of the particular reflector described above. FIG. 2 shows the light rays emitted from the light center 11 as being reflected from the side wall 38 at an angle of approximately 15 relative to a perpendicular transverse line to the reference line III-J11. In this example of the invention, it can be seen that the light from the side walls 38' will be directed in a forward direction after being reflected from the side walls 38 so that the reflected light will have an angular increment in the same direction as the front Wall 39 relative to the light center 11, out of the side of the reflector with a 15 toe-in. By having a 15 toe-in, the lateral distribution of the light from the side walls 38 will be directed away from the rear wall 41 and towards the front wall 39.

In the sectional view of the reflector as shown in FIG. 3, it is seen that most of the light emanating from the light center 11 and reflected from the front wall 39 and the rear wall 41 is directed to be dispersed in a forward and downward direction. The rear wall 41 and the front wall 39 have an elliptical shape in cross section with the locus of their centers adjacent the light center 11. Light rays emanating from the light center 11 will be reflected and dispersed by the elliptical and fluted rear wall 41 atgrelatively high angles; Whereas, light rays emanating from the light center 11 will be reflected and dispersed by the front wall 39 at relatively low angles to illuminate areas adjacent to and generally beneath the reflector. Consequently, if reflector 10 is used as a streetlighting luminaire, for example, the reflected light will be directed generally beneath and across the street from the reflector; taking the rear wall 41 as the side of the reflector most closely adjacent to the curb.

The light rays shown in FIG. 4 show a cross-sectional view of the side wall 38 in which the bottom portion of the side wall has a parabolic contour in the vertical with an elliptical contour extending between the parabolic contour and the mounting collar -12. The focus center 25 (FIG. 2) of the parabolic section is not the same as the light center 11 but is located closely adjacent thereto but on the opposite side of the light center 11. By having the focus center 25 thus displaced from the light center 11, the

light emanating from the light center 11 is reflected from the parabolic section of the side walls 38 in substantially parallel rays which do not pass through the light center 11. The specific embodiment shown in FIG. 4 shows the main beam reflected from the parabolic section of the side walls as having an angle of substantially 75 from the vertical. By having the light rays reflected at this high angle of 75, the light flux reflected from the parabolic section will provide a main beam area that will be reflected transverse to the longitudinal dimension of the reflector.

It is also to be noted from FIG. 3 of the drawings, that the fluted portions 40 and 42 of the front and rear walls 39 and 41, respectively, are located at angles less than 90 to the vertical and will therefore reflect the light flux angularly away from the reflector and toward the bottom opening of the reflector. As shown in FIG. 2 of the drawings, the fluted portions 40 and 42 will disperse light rays emanating from the light center 11 in horizontal planes outwardly and angularly to the longitudinal length of the reflector 10. The reflected light from the front wall flutes 40 and the rear wall flutes 42 will be reflected generally in the same direction as the main beams reflected from the side walls 38; that is, the reflected beams will be dispersed outwardly of the reflector at generally low angles and substantially of the same light pattern as the main beams. By incorporating the flutes 40 and 42, a greater distribution of reflected light will be dispersed lateral to the reflector 10.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that a novel and eflicient optical system for a luminaire has been disclosed herein. When employed in streetlighting applications, the luminaire reflector will provide lighting substantially along the length of the street with a greater area of illumination. In addition, the luminaire reflector directs a part of the light emitted from the luminaire to areas adjacent the opposite side of the street. Although this optical system has been disclosed with reference to streetlighting applications, it is not necessary that it be so limited.

Therefore, numerous modifications of the invention will occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and it is to be understood that certain features of the invention can be employed without a corresponding use of other features.

We claim as our invention:

1. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a bottom opening, an aperture in the upper surface of said reflector, a neck extension extending upwardly about said aperture, detachable means for securing said reflector to a universal head, a light center Within said reflector, opposite side walls and end walls of said reflector having a completely paraboloidal contour in the horizontal, said end walls of said reflector joining said side walls of said reflector, one of said end walls having a relatively elongated flat ellipsoidal contour in the vertical, spaced fluted sections extending the length of said end walls from the neck extension to the lowermost portion of said reflector, the central axis of each of said fluted sections converging towards the aperture of said reflector from the lower portion to the upper portion, said walls of said reflector cooperating to reflect light from said light center substantially angularly and at flat angles to said reflector.

2. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a plurality of reflecting surfaces comprising, a first pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said first pair of surfaces having a contour which is ellipsoidal in the vertical and paraboloidal in the horizontal and having formed therein a number of converging fluted sections, a second pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said second pair of surfaces having a contour which is paraboloidal and ellipsoidal in the vertical and which is paraboloidal in the horizontal so that substantially all light received by said surfaces will be reflected around a light source disposed substantially centrally in said reflector.

3. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a bottom rim defining an opening, an aperture in the upper surface of said reflector, a light source, means for mounting said light source in said reflector substantially centrally of said aperture, said light source providing a light center located above said bottom rim, opposite end walls of said reflector having a completely paraboloidal contour in the horizontal and a completely ellipsoidal contour in the vertical, spaced fluted sections extending the length of said end walls from substantiallly said bottom rim to said aperture of the reflector, the central axis of each of said fluted sections converging towards said aperture, light rays emanating from said light source being reflected by said fluted sections outwardly of the sides of the reflector and light rays emanating from said light source being reflected by the unfluted portion of said end walls downward. of the bottom opening of the reflector.

4. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a bottom rim defining an opening, an aperture in the upper surface of said reflector, a light source, means for mounting said light source in said reflector substantially centrally of said aperture, said light sourceproviding a light center located above said bottom rim, opposite end walls of said reflector having a completely paraboloida-l contour in the horizontal and a completely ellipsoidal contour in the vertical, spaced fluted sections extending the length of said end walls from substantially said bottom rim to said aperture of the reflector, the central axis of each of said fluted sections converging towards said aperture light rays emanating from said light source being reflected by said fluted sections outwardly of the sides of the reflector and light rays emanating from said light source being reflected by the unfluted portion of said end walls downward of the bottom opening of the reflector, the foci of said opposite end walls, except for said fluted sections, being closely adjacent to but non-coincident with said light center, substantially all of the light rays received by said opposite end walls from said light source being reflected around said light source.

5. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a bottom rim defining an opening, an aperture in the upper surface of said reflector, a light source, means for mounting said light source in said reflector substantially centrally of said aperture, said light source providing a light center located above said bottom rim, opposite end walls of said reflector having a completely paraboloidal contour in the horizontal and a completely ellipsoidal contour in the vertical, spaced fluted sections extending the length of said end Walls from substantially said bottom rim to said aperture of the reflector, the central axis of each of said fluted sections converging towards said aperture, said opposite end walls being disposed at different angles with respect to said light source and the horizontal, light rays emanating from said light source being reflected and dispersed by one of said opposite end walls at relatively high angles and light rays emanating from said light source being reflected and dispersed by the other one of said opposite end walls at relatively low angles.

6. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a bottom rim defining an opening, an aperture in the upper surface of said reflector, a light source, means for mounting said light source in said reflector substantially centrally of said aperture, said light source providing a light center located above said bottom rim, opposite side walls and opposite end walls of said reflector having a completely paraboloidal contour in the horizontal, said side walls having a contour in the vertical which is paraboloidal in the lower portion thereof and ellipsoidal in the upper portion thereof, said end walls having an ellipsoidal contour in the vertical, spaced fluted sections extending the length of said end walls from substantially said bottom rim to said aperture of the reflector, the central axis of each of said fluted sections converging towards said aperture, light rays emanating from said light source bespa es 2c ing reflected by said fluted sections outwardly of the sides of the reflector and light rays emanating from said light source bein'g reflected by the unfluted portion of said end Walls downward of the bottom opening of the reflector.

7. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a plurality of reflecting surfaces comprising, a first pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said first pair of surfaces having a contour which is ellipsoidal in the vertical and paraboloidal in the horizontal and having formed therein a number of converging fluted sections, a second pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said second pair of surfaces having a contour which is paraboloidal and ellipsoidal in the vertical and which is paraboloidal in the horizontal, a light source disposed substantially centrally in said reflector so that substantially all light received by said surfaces will be reflected therearound.

8. An optical system comprising an ovate reflector having a plurality of reflecting surfaces comprising, a 20 first pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said first pair of surfaces having a contour which is ellipsoidal in the vertical and paraboloidal in the horizontal, a second pair of surfaces being oppositely disposed, each surface of said second pair of surfaces having a contour which is paraboloidal and ellipsoidal in the vertical and which is paraboloidal in the horizontal so that substantially all light received by said surfaces will be reflected around a light source disposed substantially centrally in said reflector.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 838,789 Klein Dec. 18, 1906 1,626,498 Bailey Apr. 26, 1927 1,753,885 Gerhardt Apr. 30, 1930 1,799,711 Varder Apr. 7, 1931 2,014,429 Falge et al. Sept. 17, 1935 2,578,451 Rex Dec. 11, 1951

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3265883A (en) * 1964-04-30 1966-08-09 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3401258A (en) * 1966-10-17 1968-09-10 Edwin F Guth Company Luminaire reflector
US4293901A (en) * 1979-12-17 1981-10-06 Esquire, Inc. Reflector system having sharp light cutoff characteristics
US4404620A (en) * 1979-12-11 1983-09-13 Toshiba Electric Equipment Corporation Luminaire
US5287259A (en) * 1991-11-27 1994-02-15 Lorin Industries, Inc. Light reflector assembly
US5329438A (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-07-12 Thompson Charles O Outdoor light reflector and method
US6508562B1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-01-21 Yazaki North America, Inc. Instrument cluster reflector
US6688757B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2004-02-10 General Electric Company HID lamp with collapsible reflector
US20060146414A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2006-07-06 Samsung Electronic Co., Ltd. Illumination optical system, image display apparatus using same and image display method
US7296914B1 (en) 2004-03-03 2007-11-20 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Multiple position luminaire
US7322720B1 (en) 2006-06-19 2008-01-29 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Traditional style post-top luminaire with relamping module and method
US20080205069A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-08-28 Lumec, Inc. Sealed Acorn Luminaire
US7422350B2 (en) 2006-06-19 2008-09-09 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Pendent style luminaire split design
US7494252B1 (en) 2006-06-29 2009-02-24 Genlyte Thomas Group Llc Compact luminaire enclosure
US9188320B2 (en) 2006-10-09 2015-11-17 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Luminaire junction box

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US838789A (en) * 1905-08-11 1906-12-18 Ralph A Schoenberg Reflector.
US1626498A (en) * 1924-09-23 1927-04-26 Gen Electric Reflector
US1753885A (en) * 1926-06-14 1930-04-08 Gerhardt Oscar Radiation apparatus
US1799711A (en) * 1929-03-01 1931-04-07 Varder Holger Headlight
US2014429A (en) * 1933-02-23 1935-09-17 Gen Motors Corp Headlamp
US2578451A (en) * 1946-08-30 1951-12-11 Gen Electric Luminaire

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US838789A (en) * 1905-08-11 1906-12-18 Ralph A Schoenberg Reflector.
US1626498A (en) * 1924-09-23 1927-04-26 Gen Electric Reflector
US1753885A (en) * 1926-06-14 1930-04-08 Gerhardt Oscar Radiation apparatus
US1799711A (en) * 1929-03-01 1931-04-07 Varder Holger Headlight
US2014429A (en) * 1933-02-23 1935-09-17 Gen Motors Corp Headlamp
US2578451A (en) * 1946-08-30 1951-12-11 Gen Electric Luminaire

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3265883A (en) * 1964-04-30 1966-08-09 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3401258A (en) * 1966-10-17 1968-09-10 Edwin F Guth Company Luminaire reflector
US4404620A (en) * 1979-12-11 1983-09-13 Toshiba Electric Equipment Corporation Luminaire
US4293901A (en) * 1979-12-17 1981-10-06 Esquire, Inc. Reflector system having sharp light cutoff characteristics
US5287259A (en) * 1991-11-27 1994-02-15 Lorin Industries, Inc. Light reflector assembly
US5329438A (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-07-12 Thompson Charles O Outdoor light reflector and method
US6688757B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2004-02-10 General Electric Company HID lamp with collapsible reflector
US6508562B1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-01-21 Yazaki North America, Inc. Instrument cluster reflector
US20060146414A1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2006-07-06 Samsung Electronic Co., Ltd. Illumination optical system, image display apparatus using same and image display method
US7547117B1 (en) 2004-03-03 2009-06-16 Genlyte Thomas Group Llc Multiple position luminaire and bracket
US7296914B1 (en) 2004-03-03 2007-11-20 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Multiple position luminaire
US20080137351A1 (en) * 2006-06-19 2008-06-12 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Traditional Style Post-Top Luminaire with Relamping Module and Method
US7422350B2 (en) 2006-06-19 2008-09-09 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Pendent style luminaire split design
US7510307B2 (en) 2006-06-19 2009-03-31 Genlyte Thomas Group Llc Traditional style post-top luminaire with relamping module and method
US7322720B1 (en) 2006-06-19 2008-01-29 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Traditional style post-top luminaire with relamping module and method
US7494252B1 (en) 2006-06-29 2009-02-24 Genlyte Thomas Group Llc Compact luminaire enclosure
US9188320B2 (en) 2006-10-09 2015-11-17 Genlyte Thomas Group, Llc Luminaire junction box
US7611265B2 (en) 2007-02-27 2009-11-03 Lumec, Inc. Sealed acorn luminaire having a one-way outflow seal and a one-way inflow electrical grommet seal
US20080205069A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-08-28 Lumec, Inc. Sealed Acorn Luminaire

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