US3040757A - Crutch tip - Google Patents

Crutch tip Download PDF

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Publication number
US3040757A
US3040757A US82391959A US3040757A US 3040757 A US3040757 A US 3040757A US 82391959 A US82391959 A US 82391959A US 3040757 A US3040757 A US 3040757A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
crutch
tip
base
shaft
neck
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Alfred A Smith
Original Assignee
Alfred A Smith
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Publication date
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • A61H3/0288Ferrules or tips therefor

Description

A. A. SMITH CRUTCH TIP `une 26, 1962 Filed June 50, 1959 JNVENToR. ,4L/:E50 A. SM/TH A TraeA/EY its stem is capable of 360 Unite States This invention relates to a crutch tip.

It is among the objects of my invention to provide a new and improved crutch tip which is so constructed that swiveling action in any direction as the lower end of the crutch shaft pivots, without such swiveling causing the base of the tip to become unseated from the ground.

It is another object of my invention to' provide a resilient crutch tip which is self-centering in the sense that the stem or neck `of 4the crutch tip automatically centers itself with respect to the base whenever the tip is removed from contact with the ground.

It is a further object of my invention to provide such a crutch tip which is capable of being molded satisfactorilyrand economically in the form of a single piece of rubber or rubber-like material.

Numerous attempts have been made in the past to provide a satisfactory crutch tip, but such devices have proved to be unsatisfactory in some cases because they were cumbersome and unduly complicated in structure, in other cases because they did not provide for a suiiiciently great or suficiently free swivel action and in other cases because the downward force exerted upon the crutch by the user acted to unseat the crutch tip from the ground.

It is an object of my invention to overcome all of these faults and disadvantages by providing a crutch tip which includes means forrproviding 360 free swiveling action, by providing a crutch tip which is extremely simple in its structure and operation and by providing a crutch tip in which the unseating force exerted upon the tip by the shaft is reduced or substantially minimized.

One of the principal sources of diiculty in designing a satisfactory crutch tip is that the crutch `shaft is necessarily directed at an angle when the crutch tip rst engages the ground. The weight of the user is applied to the crutch shaft when the shaft is disposed at an angle and this force is directed against the crutch tip. Since this force is angular rather than directly downward, it necessarily has a horizontal component which acts against the crutch tip and which tends to unseat the base of the crutch tip from the ground.

rl'he effect of this horizontal component of unseating force can be reduced or minimized only by varying the construction of the crutch tip.

It is accordingly an object of my invention to pro-vide a crutch tip which has increased stability because the bottom of the crutch shaft is disposed beneath the horizontal axis along which the swiveling of the crutch tip takes place and in which means are provided for 360 angular movement of the bottom of the crutch shaft within the tip.

It is a further object of my invention to provide a crutch tip in which there is a minimum of wear of the crutch shaft against the tip and of the tip against the ground.

It is another object of my invention to provide a crutch tip which provides a soft and effective grip upon the ground, regardless of theangle or movement of the crutch shaft. K

My invention also comprises such other objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and which are inherently possessed by my invention.

While I have shown in the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment of my invention, it should be understood .that the same is susceptible of modilication and change without departing from the spirit of my invention.v

arent Referring to the drawings, FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a crutch with my crutch tip mounted thereon;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged side elevational view of the lower end of the crutch shaft in vertical position, with the crutch tip mounted thereon, the crutch tip being shown in section;

FIG. 3 is a similar view, showing the movement of the crutch shaft and crutch -tip as the shaft is moved from a vertical to an angular position.

A preferred embodiment which has beenselected to illustrate my invention is adapted to be used on a crutch 10, which may be of any conventional construction. The crutch 10 has an elongated crutch shaft 11 having a bottom 12.

My crutch tip 13 is preferably molded of a single piece of rubber or other suitable resilient material. It comprises an elongated stem or neck 14, which tapers slightly toward its upper end and which is formed integrdly with a substantially circular base 15. The bottom of the base 15 is provided with a plurality of concentric inwardly directed grooves 16 toimpro-ve the grip of the bottom of the base 1S upon the ground. Y

The crutch tip 13 is provided with an inwardly directed annular groove `17 which extends around the bottom of the neck 14 at the point Where it joins the `base 15. The walls forming the crutch tip 13 are thinner along the horizontal aXis of the groove 17 than along the adjacent portions of the neck 14 and base 15, so that the groove 17 delines the horizontal axis along which the neck 14 will tend to flex with respect to the base 15 in response to angular Y force directed against the neck 14.V

The inside of the crutch tip 13 is provided with a substantially cylindrical hollow crutch receiving passage 18, Which is adapted to removably receive and hold the lower portion of the shaft 11 of the crutch lill. The inside of the passage 18 is provided with a series of alternating annular lands 19 and grooves Ztl. The lands 19 are adapted to engage the sides. of the crutch shaft 1=1 to hold the tip 13 securely in place upon it.

The passage 18 is provided with a flat bottom 21, upon which is mounted a circular metal compression disc 22. In use, the disc 22 is disposed between the bottom 12 of the crutch shaft 11 andthe bottom 21 of the passgae 18.

The lower end of the passage 18' is substantially frustoconical, tapering slightly inwardly from the bottom 21 to provide an annular frusto-conical free area 23 which surrounds the lower end of the crutch shaft 11 when the shaft 11 is disposed in vertical position as shown in FIG. 2 of the drawings.

The thick bottom portion ofthe base 1S acts to reduce the shock to the user when his body weight is applied to the shaft 11.

lt should be noted that the bottom 124 of the crutch shaft 11 is disposed beneath the annular groove 17 which defines the axis of swiveling movement of the crutch tip 13.- Because of this construction, the downward force exerted upon the crutch shaft 11 yby the user is always directed against the compression disc 22 and thus against the base 15, rather than against the neck 14.

It should also be noted that the free area 23 which surrounds `the lower end of the crutch shaft 11 permits the` shaft 11 to assume an angular position within the passage 18 without substantial interference from the walls of the passage 18. This freedom of movement of the crutch shaft 11 Within the tip 13 also acts to prevent force being exerted against the inside of the passage 18 which would tend to unseat the bottom of the base 15 from the ground when the crutch is in use.

In use, when the edge of the base 15 is brought into contact with the ground, the crutch tip 13 ilexes along the axis of the annular groove 17 to bring the entire bottom of the base 15 into contact with the ground. The weight of the user isV transmitted through the crutch shaft i1 to the disc 22 and thus against the base 15. This causes the center of the bottom of the base 15', whichnorrnally has a slight upward curve, to be forced downwardly so that the bottom Vof the base 1S is flattened-against the ground and the grooves 16 provide a suction. grip.

As the crutch shaft 111 moves through its normal pivoting cycle, the neck 14 flexes along the axis of the groove V17 and the end of the crutch shaft 11 moves Lfrom one Y side to the other of the free area 23. The bottom i2 of the crutch shaft 11 frictionally Vengages the disc 22, so that wear against the bottom 21 of the passage 1S is pre-V vented. The disc 22 also acts to distribute the crutch load more evenly against the base 15.

I claim: Y Y n l. In combination with a crutch shaft having a substantially cylindrical lower end, a crutch tip comprising a base and neck formed of resilient material, said neck normally extending vertically upwardly from the top of said base, said neck being elongated and having a hollow elongated substantially cylindrical passage therein for receiving the lower end of said crutch shaft, said passage extending downwardly into the upper portion of said base, a narrow annular groove extending radially Vinwardly from the periphery of said neck toward said passage, said groove being disposed directly adjacent to the top of said base, said groove defining a fixed horizontal axis of pivotal movement of said neck with'V respect to said base, said groove being disposed substantially above the bottom of said passage, said passage being tapered continuously outwardly from said groove to the bottom of said passage to provide a substantially frusto-conical free area surrounding the lower end of said crutch shaft, Vsaid neck being adapted to flex with respect to said base along the xed horizontal axis defined by said groove when said crutch tip is in use, the cross sectional dimensions of said free area being greater than the diameter of the lower end of sa-id crutch shaft, whereby said free area upon the flexing of said neck permits a substantial amount of free angular movement of the lowerend of said crutch `shaft Within said passage before the lower end of said crutch shaft engages the adjacent inner walls of said passage.

2. The structure defined in claim 1,7the bottom of said base being circular and having integral gripping means forming a surface engaging area, the diameter of said base beingY substantially greater than the diameter of said neck,

to prevent the unseating of said surface engaging area when said neck is flexed.'

3. In combination with a tially cylindrical lower end, a crutch tip comprising a base and neck formed of resilient material, said neck normally extending vertically upwardly from the top of said base, said neck being elongated and having a hollow elongated substantially cylindrical passage therein for receiving the lower end of said crutch shaft, said passage extending downwardly into the upper portion of said base, at least the lower portion of said neck adjacent to said base having relatively thin walls and said base having relatively thick walls, whereby the junction of said neck with said base constitutes a fixed axis of pivotal movement of said neck with respect to said base, said axis of pivotal movement eing disposed substantially above the bottom of said passage, the portion of said passage within said base being enlarged to provide a free area surrounding the lower end of said crutch shaft, said neck being adapted to llex with respect to said base along said axis when said crutch tip is in use, said free area having a diameter greater than the diameter ofthe lower end of said crutch shaft, whereby said free area upon the flexing of said neck permits a substantial amount of free angular movement of the lower end of said crutch shaft Within said passage before the lower end of said crutch shaft engages the adjacent inner walls of said passage.

4. The structure defined in claim 3, the bottom of said base being circular and having integralY gripping means forming a surface engaging area, the diameter of said base being substantially greater than the diameter of said neck, to prevent Ithe unseating of said surface engaging area when said neck is ilexed.

VReferences Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATEIUSY 710,073 Pratt et al Sept. 30, 1902 879,471v Kabureck Feb. 18, 1908V 960,700 PrattV June 7, 1910 1,007,730 Pozzi Nov` 7, 1911 1,055,111 Wilcox Mar. 4, 1913 1,313,422 Snyder Aug, V19, 1919 2,857,925 Higginbotharn Oct. 28, 1958 2,910,995 Jacuzzi Nov. 3, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 124,673 Great Britain Apr. 3, 1919 crutch shaft having a substan.

US3040757A 1959-06-30 1959-06-30 Crutch tip Expired - Lifetime US3040757A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3163437A (en) * 1962-09-28 1964-12-29 Phillipson Phillip William Ski pole baskets
US3251372A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-05-17 Alfred A Smith Friction crutch tip
US3787922A (en) * 1971-07-21 1974-01-29 Flex O Laters Inc Edge protector
US4411284A (en) * 1981-11-19 1983-10-25 Opitz Eric J Walking aid tip assembly
US5339850A (en) * 1991-05-28 1994-08-23 Guardian Products, Inc. Orthopedic hand grip for ambulation aids, tools and other implements
US5865204A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-02-02 Beyond Challenges Llc Walking cane assembly having pivoting safety tip
US5992434A (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-11-30 Berlin; Leonard A. Enlarged tip for cane
EP0962163A1 (en) * 1998-06-02 1999-12-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Daiwa Flexibly elastic tip for stick use and stick shod with the same
US6131593A (en) * 1998-01-20 2000-10-17 Greene; Arthur Tip for a cane or the like
US20040025918A1 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Jeremy Gin Mobility-aid apparatus and method having ground contact pad without intervening washer
WO2004012641A2 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Hessa Medical, Inc. Mobility-aid apparatus and method
US20040025919A1 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Jesus Garza Apparatus and method for maintaining ground contact of a mobility-aid apparatus at varying angles
US20050016572A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2005-01-27 Townsend Bary W. Mobility assistance apparatus and method
US20050115022A1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2005-06-02 Pierre Desmarais Furniture leg glide
US20060185703A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2006-08-24 Townsend Barry W Mobility assistance apparatus
US20070106397A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2007-05-10 Townsend Barry W Mobility assistance apparatus
US20120067386A1 (en) * 2010-04-29 2012-03-22 Kyle Joseph Giannatasio Flexible foot apparatuses and methods using the same
US20120160286A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2012-06-28 Ncc Co., Ltd. Stick
US20120211036A1 (en) * 2010-08-23 2012-08-23 Omhu, Inc. Cushioning Foot for Cane, Crutch, or Walking Aid
US20120255589A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2012-10-11 Larson Brad J Crutch
US20130074893A1 (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 William Palmer Apparatus for establishing dynamic ground contact
US9724593B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-08-08 Hamboards Holdings, Llc Pusher tip and associated systems

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US710073A (en) * 1901-12-28 1902-09-30 Daniel S Pratt Elastic tip.
US879471A (en) * 1907-03-19 1908-02-18 George Kabureck Umbrella-tip.
US960700A (en) * 1909-04-03 1910-06-07 Philip W Pratt Crutch-tip.
US1007730A (en) * 1911-06-03 1911-11-07 Aloysius Pozzi Cane and umbrella tip protector.
US1055111A (en) * 1912-07-01 1913-03-04 William B Wilcox Crutch-tip.
GB124673A (en) * 1918-09-26 1919-04-03 Frederick Charles Lynde Improvements in Pads used on Crutches, Artificial Limbs and Sticks.
US1313422A (en) * 1919-08-19 snydeh
US2857925A (en) * 1954-10-01 1958-10-28 Higginbotham Richard Stopford Ground gripping ferrule for use on walking sticks, crutches and the like
US2910995A (en) * 1956-07-10 1959-11-03 Jacuzzi Bros Inc Crutch tip

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1313422A (en) * 1919-08-19 snydeh
US710073A (en) * 1901-12-28 1902-09-30 Daniel S Pratt Elastic tip.
US879471A (en) * 1907-03-19 1908-02-18 George Kabureck Umbrella-tip.
US960700A (en) * 1909-04-03 1910-06-07 Philip W Pratt Crutch-tip.
US1007730A (en) * 1911-06-03 1911-11-07 Aloysius Pozzi Cane and umbrella tip protector.
US1055111A (en) * 1912-07-01 1913-03-04 William B Wilcox Crutch-tip.
GB124673A (en) * 1918-09-26 1919-04-03 Frederick Charles Lynde Improvements in Pads used on Crutches, Artificial Limbs and Sticks.
US2857925A (en) * 1954-10-01 1958-10-28 Higginbotham Richard Stopford Ground gripping ferrule for use on walking sticks, crutches and the like
US2910995A (en) * 1956-07-10 1959-11-03 Jacuzzi Bros Inc Crutch tip

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3163437A (en) * 1962-09-28 1964-12-29 Phillipson Phillip William Ski pole baskets
US3251372A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-05-17 Alfred A Smith Friction crutch tip
US3787922A (en) * 1971-07-21 1974-01-29 Flex O Laters Inc Edge protector
US4411284A (en) * 1981-11-19 1983-10-25 Opitz Eric J Walking aid tip assembly
US5339850A (en) * 1991-05-28 1994-08-23 Guardian Products, Inc. Orthopedic hand grip for ambulation aids, tools and other implements
US6131593A (en) * 1998-01-20 2000-10-17 Greene; Arthur Tip for a cane or the like
US5992434A (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-11-30 Berlin; Leonard A. Enlarged tip for cane
US5865204A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-02-02 Beyond Challenges Llc Walking cane assembly having pivoting safety tip
EP0962163A1 (en) * 1998-06-02 1999-12-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Daiwa Flexibly elastic tip for stick use and stick shod with the same
US6374841B1 (en) * 1998-06-02 2002-04-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Daiwa Flexibly elastic tip for stick use and stick shod with the same
US7954502B2 (en) 2001-03-30 2011-06-07 Bioquest Prosthetics, Llc Mobility assistance apparatus
US7735501B2 (en) 2001-03-30 2010-06-15 Bioquest Prosthetics Llc Mobility assistance apparatus and method
US20070106397A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2007-05-10 Townsend Barry W Mobility assistance apparatus
US20050016572A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2005-01-27 Townsend Bary W. Mobility assistance apparatus and method
US20060185703A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2006-08-24 Townsend Barry W Mobility assistance apparatus
WO2004012641A3 (en) * 2002-08-06 2006-09-21 Hessa Medical Inc Mobility-aid apparatus and method
US20040025919A1 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Jesus Garza Apparatus and method for maintaining ground contact of a mobility-aid apparatus at varying angles
WO2004012641A2 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Hessa Medical, Inc. Mobility-aid apparatus and method
US20040025918A1 (en) * 2002-08-06 2004-02-12 Jeremy Gin Mobility-aid apparatus and method having ground contact pad without intervening washer
US20120255589A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2012-10-11 Larson Brad J Crutch
US8707975B2 (en) * 2003-10-10 2014-04-29 Millennial Medical Equipment, Llc Crutch
US20140166061A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2014-06-19 Millennial Medical Equipment, Llc Crutch
US9801776B2 (en) * 2003-10-10 2017-10-31 Millennial Medical Equipment, Llc Crutch
US20050115022A1 (en) * 2003-11-06 2005-06-02 Pierre Desmarais Furniture leg glide
US6910246B2 (en) * 2003-11-06 2005-06-28 Innovation Engineering Group Furniture leg glide
US8499776B2 (en) * 2009-09-14 2013-08-06 Ncc Co., Ltd. Stick
US20120160286A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2012-06-28 Ncc Co., Ltd. Stick
US20120067386A1 (en) * 2010-04-29 2012-03-22 Kyle Joseph Giannatasio Flexible foot apparatuses and methods using the same
US20120211036A1 (en) * 2010-08-23 2012-08-23 Omhu, Inc. Cushioning Foot for Cane, Crutch, or Walking Aid
US8746266B2 (en) * 2011-09-26 2014-06-10 Towzer Sports, Llc Apparatus for establishing dynamic ground contact
US20130074893A1 (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 William Palmer Apparatus for establishing dynamic ground contact
US9724593B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-08-08 Hamboards Holdings, Llc Pusher tip and associated systems

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