US3039458A - Rolling massage apparatus with angle changing means - Google Patents

Rolling massage apparatus with angle changing means Download PDF

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Publication number
US3039458A
US3039458A US68509857A US3039458A US 3039458 A US3039458 A US 3039458A US 68509857 A US68509857 A US 68509857A US 3039458 A US3039458 A US 3039458A
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Prior art keywords
rollers
massage apparatus
means
body
changing means
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Expired - Lifetime
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Ben J Hill
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Hill Lab Company
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H15/0078Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains power-driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H2015/0007Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis
    • A61H2015/0028Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis disc-like, i.e. diameter substantially greater than width
    • A61H2015/0035Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis disc-like, i.e. diameter substantially greater than width multiple on the same axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H2015/0007Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis
    • A61H2015/0057Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains with balls or rollers rotating about their own axis the axis being resiliently biased
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1657Movement of interface, i.e. force application means
    • A61H2201/1664Movement of interface, i.e. force application means linear
    • A61H2201/1669Movement of interface, i.e. force application means linear moving along the body in a reciprocating manner

Description

June I9, 1962 J` HILL ROLLING MASSAGE APPARATUS WITH ANGLE CHANGING MEANS Filed Sept. 20, 1957 2 sheets-sheet 1 FIG INI/EN TOR.'

BEN J. H/LL M n@ m June 19, 1962 B. J. HILL 3,039,458

ROLLING MASSAGE APPARATUS WITH ANGLE CHANGING MEANS FIG'. 5

BEN J. HLL By www Unite States The present invention relates broad-ly to mechanical means for massaging and exercising portions of the human -body and more particularly those regions of the body which benefit most from massage.

This invention is an improvement over the mechanism disclosed in Patent No. 2,781,040, issued February 12, 1957, and having a common assignee with the present application. In that patent, means are disclosed for reciprocating a table top, so that resiliently mounted rollers protruding through elongated apertures in the table top may engage the back of a person in the vicinity of the spinal column so that, as the person reclines,relative movement of the table top with respect to the rollers causes the rollers to massage the usersback.

One of the disadvantages of that prior device was the requirement Ifor a substantial amount of space to permit reciprocation of the table top. It is an object -of the present invention to provide a massage apparatus of this general character but wherein a stationary to-p is provided having reciprocable rollers extending through a top opening, and the over-all structure requiring no more space than a standard straight treatment table.

Another object of the present invention is to provide mechanical means for massaging comprising a stationary table top and a plurality of rollers resiliently mounted, and adapted for reciprocating movement of the rollers with respect to the stationary table top.

Another object of the present'invention is to provide in such massage apparatus movable rollers which can be vertically adjusted with respect to the table top for greater or lesser pressure against the body portions of a user reclining on the table, and means are additionally provided for adjustably and angularly disposing a gang or plurality of such rollers extending in length-wise array over a portion of the table top.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the stated type of convenient Iform and generally improved functional characteristics.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be more readily apparent from the following detailed description of an embodiment thereof, when taken together with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the massage apparatus of the present invention, parts being broken away for clarity;

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the massage apparatus;

FIG. 3 is an elevational view taken on line 3--3 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 4 is an elevational view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 5 is a plan View taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 3.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, reference numeral designates a suitable base having opposed side walls 12 and end walls 14. Mounted on the top edges of the walls 12 and 14, is a platform or table top generally designated 16. A bracing or strengthening member 18 is preferably provided around the inner periphery of the walls to provide adequate and rigid support for the table top. A preferably rectangular shaped elongated opening 20 is provided in an area of the top or platform 16.

A plurality of transverse supports 22 are mounted on vertical braces or posts 24. Longitudinally extending box members 26 are supported on and fixed to the transverse Patented June 19, 1962 ice supports 22 and in turn mount channel shaped roller tracks 28 thereon.

A roller carriage generally designated 30 includes a base member 32 mounted on wheels 34 which yare supported in channels 28 for to and fro movement of the 48 have hollow rectangular tubes or supports 50 secured at their upper ends and have springs 52 mounted in the free open upper ends thereof. Slots 54 are provided on the inner sides of -boxes 50 to permit insertion therein of ends 56 of roller supporting shafts 58 resting on top of the springs 52. Rollers 60 are rotatably mounted on the shafts 58, which due to the remainder of the construction are resiliently supported in an obvious manner.

Arms 62 are placed on opposite sides of the rollers 60 and at one end 64 are pivotally journaled on the ends of shafts 58. The other ends are forked or bifurcated as at 66, and loosely fit over the ends of the shaft 58. Another set of wheels 68 are rotatably mounted on shaft 70 which is supported in openings in the arms 62 and held in position thereon by means of cotter pins or the like at 72. The wheels 68 are spaced outwardly of and intermediate the sets of wheels 60 as was seen in FIG. l of the drawings. The wheels 60 and 68 together form a longitudinally extending array o-f massaging wheels and preferably are of a semi-pneumatic variety.

A side wall 12 has an elongated opening 74 longitudinally disposed with respect to the side wall and table 16. A bracket 76 is secured to the base 32 and extends outwardly through opening 7'4 terminating in an upward portion 78 to which is aixed a control panel 80. The shafts 40, carrying the pinions 42, are extended transversely of the base 32 and through openings formed in the control panel 80. Handles 82 are secured on the ends of the extended shafts 40 exteriorly of the control panel. Pawls or dogs 84 are mounted on shafts 86 rotatably journaled at end 88 in brackets 36 and 38. The opposite ends extend through the control panel and have handles 90 thereon.

It will be understood that by rotation of handles 82 n a selective manner, through coaction of pinions 42 and racks 46, 48 the array of rollers 60 and 68 can be raised as a unit or either longitudinal extremity thereof can be raised or lowered with respect to the opposite end. The pawls or dogs permit securing of the rollers in any desired position. Due to this adjustability feature, the degree of pressure against a users body and the location of maximum pressure can -be adjusted.

The means for moving the rollers with respect to the table top or platform includes an electric motor or the like 92 mounted on base or platform 94. Power is transmitted by means of 4a pulley, belt system 96 through gear reduction means and pitman arrangement broadly designated 98 to shaft 100, having its free end connected in bracket 102 affixed to the base 32 for the roller array. Otf/ on switch means 104 are operatively connected with the motor 92 for initiating operation, and a timer mechanism 106 is preferably connected into the circuit which yalso includes an indicator light 108 :to indicate operation of the device.

A vibrator mechanism 110 mounted on a lower brace member 22 is actuatable by -switch 112 to give positive vibration to the platform through the base structure. De-

3 pending brackets 114 secured on opposite transverse sides of the base 32 carry -at their lower ends rollers 116 which extend under box members 26 and serve the purpose of keeping lthe carriage or base 32 on the tracks 28.

lIt will be seen that in use, `the height of the rollers and the angle thereof can be adjusted to conform to the back of the user, and additional resiliency is aiorded because of the spring mounting of the various rollers. Due to the various control `features and the resilient mounting, the massage apparatus gives a knee-action elect since the axis of the -Various rollers can be tilted and the degree of pressure can be adjusted through varying of the height of the rollers with respect to the table top. The possibility of injury to a person having a delicate spinal structure or displaced vertebrae for example, isV therefore practically eliminated.

Manifestly minor changes in details of construction will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in and limited solely lby the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a massage apparatus, a body-supporting platform having an elongated aperture therethrough, a plurality of rotatably mounted tbody-engaging rollers disposed in at least three longitudinally spaced rows arranged in a longitudinally and transversely extending array and having portions extending through said aperture, means for longitudinally reciprocating said rollers in said aperture and with respect to said platform to effect a massaging action on a portion of a body supported on said platform, and at least one arm member for operatively interconnecting the axes of said rollers in all said rows, said arm member having one end connected to one end of Vsaid array and the opposite end to the opposite end of the array, and means for adjusting the angular disposition of said arm member whereby said arm member may be selectively angled with respect to a body to vary and coordinate `the intensity of roller pressure exerted against the body by eaoh of said longitudinally spaced interconnected rows of rollers.

2. In a massage apparatus as claimed in claim l, means l associated with the longitudinal ends of said array severally operable to selectively raise or lower each end of the array with respect to said platform.

3. In a massage apparatus as claimed in claim 2, said last means including opstanding racks having resilient roller axle mounts `at `the top thereof and rotatably mounted pinion gears associated with said racks for raising and lowering the same together with rollers supported thereby.

4. In a massage apparatus, a body-supporting platform having an elongated aperture therethrough, a plurality of body-engaging rollers disposed in rows arranged in a longtiudinally and transversely extending array and having portions extending `through said aperture, each of said rollers in said rows being Irotatably mounted on a shaft, means for longitudinally reciprocating said rollers in said aperture and with respect to'said platform to effect a massaging action on a portion of a body supported on said platform, arm members having openings at one end journalled on the mounting shaft for rollers at one end of the array, and bifurcated opposite ends in which the mounting shaft for rollers at the opposite end of the array are inserted, at least one roller mounting shaft rotatably supporting at least o-ne body engaging roller mounted intermediate said arm ends and extending transversely of ysaid end rollers, and means adjustably supporting said arm members whereby said arm members may be selectively angled with respect to a body to vary and coordinate the intensity of roller pressure exerted against the body by said body engaging rollers.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,741,245 Maynes Dec. 31, 1929 2,204,624 Rupp 1an. 18, 1940 2,439,292 Golden Apr. 6, 1948 2,534,587 Fisher Dec. 19, 1950 2,571,757 Pruitt Oct. 16, 1951 2,781,040 Hill Feb. 12, 1957 2,909,173 Anderson Oct. 20, 1959

US3039458A 1957-09-20 1957-09-20 Rolling massage apparatus with angle changing means Expired - Lifetime US3039458A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3205887A (en) * 1963-01-15 1965-09-14 Keith V Henry Apparatus for producing massage
US3238936A (en) * 1962-04-16 1966-03-08 Nat Foundation For Physical Me Apparatus for mechanical corrective therapy
US3389699A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-06-25 Niagara Therapy Mfg Corp Roller massage assembly
US3405709A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-10-15 Niagara Therapy Mfg Corp Reciprocating gyratory massage assembly
US4149531A (en) * 1976-12-28 1979-04-17 Marutaka Iryoki Co., Ltd. Roller-type massager
DE2906000A1 (en) * 1979-02-13 1980-08-21 Kazuma Uematsu Rhythmically vibrating massager for medical treatment
US4373516A (en) * 1979-12-27 1983-02-15 France Bed Co., Ltd. Apparatus for chiropractic therapy and massage
DE3317992A1 (en) * 1982-05-19 1983-11-24 Bio Mabuchi Co Ltd Selbsttaetig migratory vibration generator
US4458675A (en) * 1981-01-06 1984-07-10 Combi Co., Ltd. Roller type finger-pressure apparatus
US4586493A (en) * 1983-09-13 1986-05-06 Goodman Charles J Therapy table
US4886051A (en) * 1988-06-27 1989-12-12 White Francis E Massaging bed
US5103808A (en) * 1989-11-09 1992-04-14 Superspine, Inc. Device for manipulating the spine
US5165390A (en) * 1990-12-03 1992-11-24 Fleetwood Thomas A Back massage machine with reciprocating trolley
US5330416A (en) * 1991-05-28 1994-07-19 France Bed Co., Ltd. Rolling massage apparatus with vibratory support
US5501658A (en) * 1994-06-06 1996-03-26 Frye; Paul E. Massage table roller mechanism
US5618262A (en) * 1994-06-10 1997-04-08 Ultrassage Inc. Undulating massager unit
US5653679A (en) * 1995-01-30 1997-08-05 Belanchi; Robert Massaging machine
WO1998048760A1 (en) * 1997-04-26 1998-11-05 OKIN Gesellschaft für Antriebstechnik mbH & Co. KG Furniture with built-in massage unit
US20080045869A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2008-02-21 Jones Daniel W Apparatus and method of providing adjustable support and massage to a sleep system
EP2638889A4 (en) * 2010-11-09 2015-11-04 Ceragem Co Ltd Vertical motion adjuster for thermotherapy device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1741245A (en) * 1928-09-20 1929-12-31 Emma C Maynes Amusement ride
US2204624A (en) * 1937-11-23 1940-06-18 John H Proudley Jr Massage table
US2439292A (en) * 1946-11-22 1948-04-06 Golden Roann Massage table
US2534587A (en) * 1948-01-10 1950-12-19 Robert P Fisher Massaging and stretching machine
US2571757A (en) * 1948-09-23 1951-10-16 Sr Vestus E Pruitt Exercising health device
US2781040A (en) * 1953-09-22 1957-02-12 Hill Lab Company Massage apparatus
US2909173A (en) * 1956-07-30 1959-10-20 C E Sawyer Motor driven back massaging machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1741245A (en) * 1928-09-20 1929-12-31 Emma C Maynes Amusement ride
US2204624A (en) * 1937-11-23 1940-06-18 John H Proudley Jr Massage table
US2439292A (en) * 1946-11-22 1948-04-06 Golden Roann Massage table
US2534587A (en) * 1948-01-10 1950-12-19 Robert P Fisher Massaging and stretching machine
US2571757A (en) * 1948-09-23 1951-10-16 Sr Vestus E Pruitt Exercising health device
US2781040A (en) * 1953-09-22 1957-02-12 Hill Lab Company Massage apparatus
US2909173A (en) * 1956-07-30 1959-10-20 C E Sawyer Motor driven back massaging machine

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238936A (en) * 1962-04-16 1966-03-08 Nat Foundation For Physical Me Apparatus for mechanical corrective therapy
US3205887A (en) * 1963-01-15 1965-09-14 Keith V Henry Apparatus for producing massage
US3389699A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-06-25 Niagara Therapy Mfg Corp Roller massage assembly
US3405709A (en) * 1966-04-11 1968-10-15 Niagara Therapy Mfg Corp Reciprocating gyratory massage assembly
US4149531A (en) * 1976-12-28 1979-04-17 Marutaka Iryoki Co., Ltd. Roller-type massager
DE2906000A1 (en) * 1979-02-13 1980-08-21 Kazuma Uematsu Rhythmically vibrating massager for medical treatment
US4373516A (en) * 1979-12-27 1983-02-15 France Bed Co., Ltd. Apparatus for chiropractic therapy and massage
DE3050845C2 (en) * 1979-12-27 1988-06-01 France Bed Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, Jp
US4458675A (en) * 1981-01-06 1984-07-10 Combi Co., Ltd. Roller type finger-pressure apparatus
DE3317992A1 (en) * 1982-05-19 1983-11-24 Bio Mabuchi Co Ltd Selbsttaetig migratory vibration generator
US4586493A (en) * 1983-09-13 1986-05-06 Goodman Charles J Therapy table
US4886051A (en) * 1988-06-27 1989-12-12 White Francis E Massaging bed
US5103808A (en) * 1989-11-09 1992-04-14 Superspine, Inc. Device for manipulating the spine
US5165390A (en) * 1990-12-03 1992-11-24 Fleetwood Thomas A Back massage machine with reciprocating trolley
US5330416A (en) * 1991-05-28 1994-07-19 France Bed Co., Ltd. Rolling massage apparatus with vibratory support
US5501658A (en) * 1994-06-06 1996-03-26 Frye; Paul E. Massage table roller mechanism
US5618262A (en) * 1994-06-10 1997-04-08 Ultrassage Inc. Undulating massager unit
US5653679A (en) * 1995-01-30 1997-08-05 Belanchi; Robert Massaging machine
WO1998048760A1 (en) * 1997-04-26 1998-11-05 OKIN Gesellschaft für Antriebstechnik mbH & Co. KG Furniture with built-in massage unit
US20080045869A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2008-02-21 Jones Daniel W Apparatus and method of providing adjustable support and massage to a sleep system
US7712172B2 (en) * 2006-08-15 2010-05-11 Daniel W Jones Apparatus and method of providing adjustable support and massage to a sleep system
US20100235997A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2010-09-23 Jones Daniel W Apparatus And Method Of Providing Adjustable Support And Massage To A Sleep System
US8201293B2 (en) 2006-08-15 2012-06-19 Innovative Standards, Inc. Apparatus and method of providing adjustable support and massage to a sleep system
US8418298B2 (en) 2006-08-15 2013-04-16 Innovative Standards, Inc. Massaging bed
EP2638889A4 (en) * 2010-11-09 2015-11-04 Ceragem Co Ltd Vertical motion adjuster for thermotherapy device

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