US3028710A - Abrasive cut-off disk - Google Patents

Abrasive cut-off disk Download PDF

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Publication number
US3028710A
US3028710A US811956A US81195659A US3028710A US 3028710 A US3028710 A US 3028710A US 811956 A US811956 A US 811956A US 81195659 A US81195659 A US 81195659A US 3028710 A US3028710 A US 3028710A
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segment
diamond
section
layers
backing
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Expired - Lifetime
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US811956A
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Willard R Pratt
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Vanguard Abrasive Corp
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Vanguard Abrasive Corp
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Priority to US811956A priority Critical patent/US3028710A/en
Priority claimed from US15624361 external-priority patent/US3203774A/en
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Publication of US3028710A publication Critical patent/US3028710A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D1/00Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor
    • B28D1/02Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor by sawing
    • B28D1/12Saw-blades or saw-discs specially adapted for working stone
    • B28D1/121Circular saw blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D5/00Bonded abrasive wheels, or wheels with inserted abrasive blocks, designed for acting only by their periphery; Bushings or mountings therefor
    • B24D5/12Cut-off wheels
    • B24D5/123Cut-off wheels having different cutting segments

Description

April 10, 1962 w. R. PRATT 3,028,710

ABRASIVE CUT-OFF DISK Filed May 8, 1959 as concrete, marble, tile, and the like.

3,028,710 Patented Apr. 10, 1962 ice 3,028,710 ABRASIVE CUT-OFF DISK Willard Pratt, Rochester, N.Y., assignor to Vanguard Abrasive Corporation, Le Roy, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed May 8, 1959, Ser. No. 811,956 4 Claims. (Cl. 51-406) into a suitable mold in powder form. The segments prepared in this manner or any other suitable manner are secured to the periphery of the metal drive core by silver soldering or are brazed on. Occasionally it is desirable in a segment containing diamond dust to isolate the brazed joint attaching the base of the segment to the drive core from the diamond bearing section of the segment. For this purpose, a cutting segment of this type sometimes is composed of an outermost diamond bearing section and an inner section of a diamond free material commonly known as a backing.

tAbrasive cut-off disks of the kind described are used for instance in cutting hard non-metallic materials such Of course, it is desirable to design the cutting segments so that their cumulative effect produces a superior cutting action while having a longer life than is the case with the other cutoff disks of this type.

An object of the invention is to provide a new and improved abrasive cut-oif of the kind having a metallic drive core to the periphery of which are secured at circumferentially spaced points a plurality of arcuate cutting segments made of an abrasive material.

Another object is the provision of a generally improved and more satisfactory abrasive disk of the kind described designed so as to have an improved cutting action and longer life as compared with other abrasive disks of this type.

Yet another object is to provide an arcuate cutting segment for attachment to a metallic drive core having a section composed of diamond fragments embedded in a metallic matrix in an arrangement such that the segment has a good performance and a long useful life.

A further object is the provision of a better backing section in a cutting segment of the type having an outer diamond bearing section and a backing of diamond-free material, resulting in a longer life for the segment.

These and other desirable objects may be obtained in the manner disclosed as an illustrative embodiment of 'the invention in the following description and in the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary face view of a cut-off disk to the periphery of which are secured arcuate diamond bearing cutting segments according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary radial cross-section of the cutofi disk of FIG. 1 taken approximately on the line 2-2 thereof;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged side elevational view of the cutting segment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 according to a first embodiment of the invention;

FIG.'4 is a cross-sectional view to an enlarged scale 'of the segment of FIG. 3.

FIGS. 5 and 6 are views similar to FIG. 4 of cutting segments according toa second and third embodiment,

respectively, of the invention.

The same reference numerals throughout the several views indicate the same parts.

In FIG. 1 is illustrated an abrasive cut-off disk or wheel constructed in accordance with the invention. The cutoff wheel includes a central sheet metal drive disk or core 11 made of a suitable wrought metal such as steel and provided with a central aperture 13 for mounting the disk on a rotating shaft. Secured around the periphery of the core 11 are a plurality of circumferentially spaced arcuate cutting segments 15 preferably silver soldered or brazed in an appropriate manner to the outer edge of the core. Desirably the outer edge portions of the core 11 are divided into a plurality of equal circumferential segments by a number of radially extending slots 17. The core 11 is a strong circular sheet metal disk having, as better seen in FIG. 2, a lesser thickness than that of the arcuate segments -15 secured to the periphery thereof, which are approximately inch to inch in thickness.

Each of the cutting segments 15 is rectangular in cross section and arcuate when viewed from the face as is more evident in the enlarged view of FIG. 3. The inner radius of the base 19 of each segment 15 is substantially the same as the outer radius of the core 11, the outer arcuate edge 21 of the segment being approximately concentric with the inner radius. The segment 15 is of the type having diamond dust or fragments used as an abrasive and held dispersed and embedded in a suitable metallic matrix. In the cutting segment illustrated, the diamond dust is embedded only in the outer arcuate section 23 of the segment, the inner arcuate section 25 being free of diamond dust. The inner portion 25 is commonly known as a backing, and the purpose of this backing will be made evident in the discussion to follow.

It has been shown in the use of abrasive cut-off wheels that a superior cutting action is obtained when the Wheel is made to wear preferentially in the center so that the outer edge 21 of the wheel bearing on the work is concave with respect to the surface being cut. This is illustrated in FIG. 4 for a disk which has been in service for a short while. To secure differential wearing so that this concave edge surface results, the content of the abrading material provided by the diamond dust in the outer diamond-bearing section 23 is increased on each side in relation to the content in the center, in the nature of a sandwich arrangement. Thus the two outer side layers 27 and 29 in the diamond-bearing section 23 have a greater diamond content than that of the central portion or layer 31.

As has been mentioned, the diamond dust or fragments in the section 23 are held dispersed and embedded in a metallic matrix. Any suitable matrix may be used in carrying out the invention, the common metallic matrices for this type of cutting segment being bronze, nickel, cupro nickel, various iron alloys, and tungsten carbide.

The cutting segment shown in FIGS 1-4 is provided with the mentioned backing or inner section 25 which is free of diamond dust. This backing is made of the same metal as provides the matrix in the section 23 and therefor is also known as a blank. The purpose of this backing is that on occasion it is desirable to' isolate the silver solder or brazed joint attaching the segment 15 to the core 11 from the diamond bearing section of the segthe section 23 in the embodiment of FIG. 4. p The layers '27 and 29' are identical to the layers 27 and 29 and have the same diamond content embedded in an identical metallic matrix, and the central layer 31 is identical to the layer 31 and has a correspondingly lower diamond content.

The cutting segments of FIGS. 4 and 5 may be manu factured in a various number of ways. As one example, a segment of the desired dimensions may be cold pressed by introducing into a suitable mold a powder mixture of the matrix metal and diamond dust in varying proportions. Of course, to manufacture the segment with the backing as in FIG. 4, an additional quantity of blank matrix metal is also introduced. The first layer placed in the mold may have, for example, a diamond content of 36 to 72 carats per cubic inch of final volume. The second or center layer may have a diamond content of 9 to 18 carats per cubic inch, and a final layer equal to the first in diamond content with 36 to 72 carats per cubic inch. The first and final layers, which become the two sides of the segment, may then be compressed to a final dimension of ,4 inch to inch and the center layer to inch to inch. These dimensions, of course, are for a particular example and are not intended to be limiting. The sandwich pressed in the manner may then be sintered by classical and well known methods. Alternatively, the same result may be accomplished by cold pressing the layers as indicated and then subsequently hot pressing the compacted mass. A suitable graphite hot pressing die which may be utilized is described in appli cants copending patent application, filed April 22, 1959, Serial No. 808,195.

Instead of cold pressing the original compact sandwich layers, the requisite amount of matrix metal and diamond dust for the various layers may be sintered or fritted loose in a carbon mold to form a slug or preform that may readily be handled and inserted in a cold press or hot press mold. These discrete layers may then be fused or compressed together by the application of heat and pressure or alternatively of pressure and a subsequent application of heat.

A cutting segment or 33 manufactured in the described manner has a superior cutting action when its outer edge bearing on the work wears preferentially in the center to a concave shape. The improved cutting action is obtained by the better effect of the edges of the segment initially starting the cut rather than the center section or layer. A cutting disk and segment of longer life is obtained by the elimination of the high pressure on the central section of the segment and the subsequent fast breakdown due to pressure.

The blank metal backing section 25 provided inwardly of the diamond-bearing section 23 in the embodiment of FIG. 4 is advantageous for some uses. It has the disadvantage, though, that this type of backing is sometimes badly worn by the swarf or cuttings as the wheel turns during operation. Instead of making the backing of matrix metal as explained, it is possible to make the backing of matrix metal containing a hard wear resistant material such as tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide or the like, but this kind of backing may protrude sufficiently as the cutting segment is worn to cause binding or seizing of the wheel in the cut. To avoid this effect, a cutting segment as shown in FIG. 6 employing a layered or sandwich arrangement in the backing section is provided.

In FIG. 6, the diamond-bearing outer section 23' is identical to the section 23 previously described and is composed of as before of two outer layers of relatively high diamond content dispersed and embedded in a suitable metallic matrix and a central layer of lower diamond content in the metallic matrix. A backing section 35 is located, of course, inwardly of the section 23 and is integral therewith. For this embodiment, a layered structure is manufactured having two outer layers 37 and 39 of blank matrix metal between which is disposed a central layer 41 of abrasive resistant material. The abrasive resistant material may be matrix metal containing tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide, or the like.

In the operation of a cutoff disk having cutting segments according to FIG. 6, the outer layers 37 and 39 are worn away after a period of use and subsequent wearing of the backing is materially retarded in the central section 41 of abrasion resisting material. The reduced size of the backing substantially prevents seizing or binding of the wheel in the cut as the cutting segment edge wears down. As a result, the segment has a good performance over a longer period of use. The segment according to FIG. 6 may be manufactured in a manner similar to that described for the segments of the other embodiments.

It is seen from the foregoing disclosure that the above mentioned objects of the invention are well fulfilled. It is to be understood that the foregoing disclosure is given by way of illustrative example only, rather than by way of limitation, and that without departing from the invention, the details may be varied within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In an abrasive cut-off disk comprising a circular sheet metal core and a plurality of arcuate cutting segments each brazed at its base to the periphery of the core at circumferentially spaced points, the improvement characterized by a cutting segment having a diamond-bearing section including at least three layers extending approximately parallel to the plane of said core, said layers being integral with one another and each composed of diamond fragments dispersed and embedded in a metallic matrix, the outermost of said layers at either side of the segment being of relatively high diamond content, and the central one of said layers being of relatively low diamond content, so that said central layer wears more quickly than the outermost layers when the disk is operated to present a concave outer edge to the work being cut, said cutting segment including a backing section inte gral with the inner edge of said diamond-bearing section, said backing section being made of diamond-free matrix metal.

2. In an abrasive cut-off disk comprising a circular sheet metal core and a plurality of arcuate cutting segments each brazed at its base to the periphery of the core at circumferentially spaced points, the improvement characterized by a cutting segment having a diamondbearing section including at least three layers extending approximately parallel to the plane of said core, said layers being integral with one another and each composed of diamond fragments dispersed and embedded in a metallic matrix, the outermost of said layers at either sid of the segment being of relatively high diamond content and the central one of said layers being of relatively low diamond content, so that said central layer wears more quickly than the outermost layers when the disk is operated to present a concave outer edge to the work being cut, said cutting segment including a backing section integral with the inner edge of said diamond-bearing section, said backing section being free of diamonds and including three layers extending approximately parallel to the layers of said diamond-bearing section, said three layers of said backing section being integral with one another and including a pair of outermost layers made of matrix metal and a central layer made of an abrasion resisting material.

3. An arcuate cutting segment having an inner and outer edge provided by the respective approximately concentric inner and outer radii thereof and being substantially rectangular in cross-section, said segment being adapted to be brazed at its inner edge to the periphery of a circular sheet metal core, said segment including a diamond-bearing section having three layers each extending from end to end of the segment approximately parallel to the plane of said core, said layers being integral with one another and each composed of diamond l fragments dispersed and embedded in a metallic matrix, 1 the two outer layers at either side of the segment having a relatively high concentration of diamond content, and

the central one of said layers having a relatively low concentration of diamond content, so that said central layer wears more quickly when the disk is operated resulting a concave outer edge being presented to the work being cut, said cutting segment including a backing section integral with the inner edge of said diamond-bearing section, said backing section being free of diamonds and made of the same metal as the matrix metal.

4. An arcuate cutting segment having an inner and outer edge provided by the respective approximately concentric inner and outer radii thereof and being substantially rectangular in cross-section, said segment being adapted to be brazed at its inner edge to the periphery of a circular sheet metal core, said segment including a diamond-bearing section having three layers each extending from end to end of the segment approximately parallel to the plane of said core, said layers being integral with one another and each composed of diamond fragments dispersed and embedded in a metallic matrix, the two outer layers at either side of the segment having a relatively high concentration of diamond content, and the central one of said layers having a relatively low concentration of diamond content, so that said central layer References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,163,356 Meyers Dec. 7, 1915 2,731,336 Wallace et al. Jan. 17, 1956 2,763,258 Hughes Sept. 18, 1956 2,785,060 Keeleric Mar. 12, 1957 2,877,105 Smith Mar. 10, 1959

US811956A 1959-05-08 1959-05-08 Abrasive cut-off disk Expired - Lifetime US3028710A (en)

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US811956A US3028710A (en) 1959-05-08 1959-05-08 Abrasive cut-off disk
US15624361 US3203774A (en) 1959-05-08 1961-12-01 Method of making an abrasive cut-off disk

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3127887A (en) * 1963-03-05 1964-04-07 Super Cut Diamond saw blade assembly for routing and regrooving concrete joints
US3127715A (en) * 1960-04-27 1964-04-07 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Diamond cutting devices
US3162187A (en) * 1961-12-11 1964-12-22 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Diamond saw blades
US3205624A (en) * 1964-07-20 1965-09-14 Shirley I Weiss Annular cutting wheels
US4505251A (en) * 1982-02-08 1985-03-19 Martin Stoll Cutting segment with porous center section
DE3706867A1 (en) * 1987-03-04 1988-09-15 Winter & Sohn Ernst Cutting segment for a saege for stone processing
US5518443A (en) * 1994-05-13 1996-05-21 Norton Company Superabrasive tool
US6033295A (en) * 1994-12-28 2000-03-07 Norton Company Segmented cutting tools
US20040112359A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2004-06-17 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US6817936B1 (en) 1996-03-15 2004-11-16 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Metal single layer abrasive cutting tool having a contoured cutting surface
US20060201281A1 (en) * 2003-03-26 2006-09-14 Corcoran Robert F High precision multi-grit slicing blade
JP2016007687A (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-01-18 株式会社ノリタケカンパニーリミテド Segment tip
US20160263729A1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-15 Disco Corporation Grinding wheel
JP2016209993A (en) * 2015-05-08 2016-12-15 サンーゴバン アブレイシブズ,インコーポレイティド Cutting article having laminar segment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1163356A (en) * 1915-03-20 1915-12-07 Willard F Meyers Stone-saw.
US2731336A (en) * 1952-04-04 1956-01-17 Wheel Trueing Tool Co Method of making form dressing tool
US2763258A (en) * 1954-07-01 1956-09-18 Hughes Blades Inc Construction of circular saws
US2785060A (en) * 1952-10-15 1957-03-12 George F Keeleric Process for making abrasive article
US2877105A (en) * 1957-06-27 1959-03-10 Norton Co Vitrified bonded grinding wheel with fine hard sides

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1163356A (en) * 1915-03-20 1915-12-07 Willard F Meyers Stone-saw.
US2731336A (en) * 1952-04-04 1956-01-17 Wheel Trueing Tool Co Method of making form dressing tool
US2785060A (en) * 1952-10-15 1957-03-12 George F Keeleric Process for making abrasive article
US2763258A (en) * 1954-07-01 1956-09-18 Hughes Blades Inc Construction of circular saws
US2877105A (en) * 1957-06-27 1959-03-10 Norton Co Vitrified bonded grinding wheel with fine hard sides

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3127715A (en) * 1960-04-27 1964-04-07 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Diamond cutting devices
US3162187A (en) * 1961-12-11 1964-12-22 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Diamond saw blades
US3127887A (en) * 1963-03-05 1964-04-07 Super Cut Diamond saw blade assembly for routing and regrooving concrete joints
US3205624A (en) * 1964-07-20 1965-09-14 Shirley I Weiss Annular cutting wheels
US4505251A (en) * 1982-02-08 1985-03-19 Martin Stoll Cutting segment with porous center section
DE3706867A1 (en) * 1987-03-04 1988-09-15 Winter & Sohn Ernst Cutting segment for a saege for stone processing
US5518443A (en) * 1994-05-13 1996-05-21 Norton Company Superabrasive tool
US6033295A (en) * 1994-12-28 2000-03-07 Norton Company Segmented cutting tools
US20050048879A1 (en) * 1996-03-15 2005-03-03 Norton Company Metal single layer abrasive cutting tool having a contoured cutting surface
US6935940B2 (en) 1996-03-15 2005-08-30 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Metal single layer abrasive cutting tool having a contoured cutting surface
US6817936B1 (en) 1996-03-15 2004-11-16 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Metal single layer abrasive cutting tool having a contoured cutting surface
US20040112359A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2004-06-17 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20060201281A1 (en) * 2003-03-26 2006-09-14 Corcoran Robert F High precision multi-grit slicing blade
US7527050B2 (en) * 2003-03-26 2009-05-05 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Method for fabricating multi-layer, hub-less blade
JP2016007687A (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-01-18 株式会社ノリタケカンパニーリミテド Segment tip
US20160263729A1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-15 Disco Corporation Grinding wheel
US10052742B2 (en) * 2015-03-13 2018-08-21 Disco Corporation Grinding wheel
JP2016209993A (en) * 2015-05-08 2016-12-15 サンーゴバン アブレイシブズ,インコーポレイティド Cutting article having laminar segment

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