US3025846A - Toy projectile launcher - Google Patents

Toy projectile launcher Download PDF

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Publication number
US3025846A
US3025846A US25613A US2561360A US3025846A US 3025846 A US3025846 A US 3025846A US 25613 A US25613 A US 25613A US 2561360 A US2561360 A US 2561360A US 3025846 A US3025846 A US 3025846A
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United States
Prior art keywords
launching
impulse
elevation
track
projectile
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Expired - Lifetime
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US25613A
Inventor
Dorland L Crosman
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Lionel Corp
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Lionel Corp
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Priority to US25613A priority Critical patent/US3025846A/en
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Publication of US3025846A publication Critical patent/US3025846A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H27/00Toy aircraft; Other flying toys ; Starting or launching devices therefor
    • A63H27/14Starting or launching devices for toy aircraft; Arrangements on toy aircraft for starting or launching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H17/00Toy vehicles, e.g. with self-drive; ; Cranes, winches or the like; Accessories therefor
    • A63H17/006Missile-launching means on toy vehicles

Description

March 20, 1962 D. CROSMAN TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 29, 1960 INVENTOR DUEL/7ND Z. U/PosMm BY WM 74% 7 ATTO R NEYS March 20, 1962 CROSMAN TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 29, 1960 N 9 RW MN 00 E ma MM E o V w MT m T m N P m w B 7 a & QM N\ 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed April 29, 1960 ATTORNEY5 March 20, 1962 D. 1.. CROSMAN TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR .Do/a/wvo LCA os/wm/ Filed April 29, 1960 3,@Z5,8 lb Patented Mar. 20, 1962 3,025,846 TOY PROJECTKLE LAUNCHER Doriand L. Crosman, Bloomfield, N..l., assignor to The Lionel Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Apr. 29, 1960, Ser. No. 25,613 Claims. (Cl. 124-26) This invention relates to toys in general and in particular to novel mechanisms and improvements in toy projectile launching devices.

The present invention is particularly directed to a toy missile launching car patterned after launchers which are kept in a retracted or lowered position until just before firing. When it is desired that a missile be fired a sequence is intiated by the depression of a firing button whereupon the missile launching track gradually elevates to an inclined position. Near the end of the elevation cycle the release of a spring biased impulse mechanism projects the toy missile along the launching track toward any desired target. The novel elevating mechanism is spring actuated and air damped, to slowly raise the launching track through a pivoted, see-saw like, beam arrangement. During the raising of the launching track to the elevated firing position, a linkage secured at one end to the launching track and at the other end to the base is pivoted in such a way as to transfer a latching rod out of engagement with a rack portion of the impulse arm to thereby release the impulse spring and launch the missile.

Repeated firings of the invention may be readily performed by the manual recocking of the impulse arm to any desired range notch, and by resetting the launching track to the lowered horizontal position with the base. In this manner, the launching track is ready for a reelevating cycle which in turn will accomplish the tripping of the latch portion from the rack portion and thereby release the impulse arm to fire a second missile placed upon the launching track.

In this way, the invention therefore employs a novel impulse arm triggering mechanism in combination with a novel elevating mechanism controlled by an air damped spring biasing elevating means.

An object of the invention is to provide a novel self elevating projectile launching mechanism which will automatically fire the projectile near the end of the launching cycle.

Another object is to provide a launching platform elevating mechanism which raises slowly under the control of an air damped, spring biased diaphragm.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a missile launcher employing a firing control arm which is controlled by the elevation of the launching track.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a spring driven impulse mechanism for a projectile launcher which is settable to a multiplicity of different cocking positions for accomplishing different projectile ranges.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a novel arrangement of parts to accomplish the realistic simulation of a missile launcher and to provide a toy which is simple in design, realistic in appearance and economical to manufacture.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent and the invention will be fully understood from the following description and drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the invention in operation;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation view, in partial section, showing the invention in a cocked and lowered position;

FIG. 3 is a side elevation view in partial section of the invention as the impulse arm is about to be released by the firing control arm;

FIG. 4 is a partial sectional view showing the position of the parts at the end of the impulse arm stroke; and

FIG. 5 is a perspective view with portions broken away showing the mechanism of the invention taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 2.

Referring to the drawings in particular, a base platform 10 is pivotally mounted at 82 to a typical railroad flatcar bed 16. The platform portion 10 carries a launching track control portion 18 at one end thereof which contains the elevating and air damping mechanism to be described hereafter. Pivotally mounted at the other end of the base 10, on a hinge pin 56, is a launching track shown generally at 12 which is comprised of two joined portions 13 and 13a. These launching tracks have a curved upper surface which acts as a circular guiding trough or barrel for the directing of a missile shown generally at 14. The missile has at its forward end a resilient impact tip 20 made of any suitable rubber like material and a vertically disposed slot portion 66 at its rearward end for engagement with an impulse arm 60 slidably located within the launching track 12.

The base portion 10 contains a longitudinal elevating beam 2-2 which is pivotally supported at substantially its mid-point on an axle 24. An aperture 48 at one end of the rocking beam 22 is engaged to a depending ball portion 46 of a resilient diaphragm member 42 which is secured about its outer periphery to the conical end chamber portion 18 by a friction washer and gasket arrangement 52. The securing ring 52 having a plurality of spaced projecting tab portions 53 abuts a washer 57 and attaches the diaphragm to the bottom of the closed cone like chamber 54 in such a manner as to allow a slow leakage rate of air into and out of the chamber 54. Air passage to and from the chamber 54 is permitted by the provision of a thin paper washer member 55 which is sufliciently porous to prevent an air tight seal between the chamber 54 housing and the diaphragm 4-2. A central spring guide portion 50 is molded to the diaphragm 4-2 and thereby provides the guide for a coil spring 44.

The left end of the elevation control beam 22 is provided with an end latching portion 26 which engages a sear portion 32 on the end of a firing button 34} to hold the elevation control mechanism in a cocked position (FIG. 2). The release pad 30, which acts as the trigger for initiating a launching sequence, is biased in an upward direction by a coil spring 34. The button 39 is pivoted by the employment of hinge ears 38 extending through aperture 49 so that the sear portion 32 will engage the beam portion 26 whenever the left end of the beam is lowered. A reset or cocking lever portion 28 extending from the elevating beam 22 is provided to allow convenient latching of the beam in this lowered position. The release pad 30 contains a central web stop portion 36 which rests against the hinge pin 56 to limit clockwise rotation of the trigger 30.

Pivotally supported between the two launching track halves 13, 13a, is a beam roller follower 58 which contacts the end of the elevating beam 22 during the firing sequence. Also between the track halves 13, 13a, supported on a pivot 80 is a firing control arm 76 loosely connected at one end through an operating link 78 and an aperture 79 to the base platform It The firing control arm passes over a bent portion 74 of a latching or cocking rod contained within the launching track halves, 13, 13a. The forward end of the cocking rod '76 is coiled to provide an impact cushion 72 to stop the impulse arm 60 at the end of its forward motion. One end of an impulse spring 68 is secured to the impulse arm 60 while the other end is attached to a suitable portion of the launching track. The arm 60 carries a plurality of racklike notches 62 on a lower edge thereof which engage $3 the latch portion 74 of the rod 70. Flattened horizontal stop portions 84 are cut in several of the ribs of the control portion 18 to provide a rest for the lowered track nozzle.

In operation, a missile launching would be initiated from the position shown in FIG. 2. In this state, it can be seen that the left end of the elevation control beam has been lowered and is cocked under the sear portion of the release pad. The elevating control diaphragm is in a raised position and the coil spring 44 is compressed. The impulse arm has been manually cooked to the desired range notch and is held in this position by the rod portion 74-. When it is desired to launch the missile, the firing pad 30 is depressed which releases the left end of the beam so that the beam may raise the launching track in a gradual manner through the roller 58. The track is elevated by the spring loaded diaphragm which slowly lowers due to the gradual entrance of air into the chamber 54 which acts to retard the time required for the downward motion of the right end of the elevation control beam. As the launching track is elevating, the firing control arm 2:5 is raised in an areuate path about its pivot 80 by its lower contacting relation with bent rod portion 74. As the launching track elevates the firing control link 78 also raises through the aperture 79 to an upward movement limit position shown in FIG. 3. In this position the firing control arm 76 can no longer continue to move in an arcuate path and the holding thereof, while the track 12 continues to raise, causes the unlatching of the rod portion '74 from the range notch 62 to release the impulse arm 60 and thereby launch the missile (FIG. 4). In this manner, it can be seen that the release of the missile has been delayed from the actual time at which the release pad 34) was first depressed, and thereby provides a realistic, self-elevating, automatic toy.

While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail in relation to placement on a toy railway car to illustrate the application of the invention principles, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise in different type toys without departing from such principles.

I claim:

1. A toy projectile launcher comprising, a base, projectile directing means pivotally mounted upon said base, projectile impulse means carried by said directing means, holding means to maintain said impulse means in an unactuated position, elevation means to pivotally raise said directing means to an inclined firing position, release means responsive to said elevation means to release said holding means, and damping means to control said elevation means to prolong the time required for the elevation means to raise said directing means to an inclined firing position.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said damping means employs atmospheric air as the damping medium.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said damping means includes a flexible diaphragm portion and wherein said elevation means includes a coil spring within said damping means acting upon said flexible diaphragm portion.

4. A toy projectile launcher comprising, a base, projectile directing means pivotally mounted upon said base, projectile impulse means carried by said directing means, holding means to maintain said impulse means in an unactuated position, elevation means to pivotally raise said directing means to an inclined firing position, said elevation means including a beam portion pivotally mounted for rocking movement upon said base, one end of said beam connected to a portion of said projectile directing means, a flexible diaphragm connected tothe other end of said beam, spring bias means urging said diaphragm and said beam end connected thereto in a downward direction, beam latching means to hold. said diaphragm in a raised position "and compress said spring bias means, said diaphragm forming air damping means to retard the elevation of said projectile directing means upon release of said latching means.

5. Apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said base is pivotally mounted to allow changes in azimuth of said projectile directing means.

References Cited in the file of this patent

US25613A 1960-04-29 1960-04-29 Toy projectile launcher Expired - Lifetime US3025846A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148478A (en) * 1961-11-06 1964-09-15 Melvin G Miller Missile launcher toy
US3392484A (en) * 1966-02-28 1968-07-16 Mattel Inc Toy rocket launching vehicle
US3417507A (en) * 1966-02-10 1968-12-24 Mattel Inc Projectile-firing toy
US4280298A (en) * 1979-10-22 1981-07-28 Kulzer Walter P B Toy model flying machine
US20060163239A1 (en) * 2005-01-27 2006-07-27 Akihiro Yoshidome Cooking heater
US20060270321A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport sky diver
US20060270320A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20060270316A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport boarder
US20060270310A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation accessories
US20060270313A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport hang glider
US20060270315A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20060270319A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport skier
US20060270314A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Fraser Campbell Reconfigurable toy extreme sport jumper
US20060270318A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy interchangeability
US20070218800A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Mattel, Inc. Auxiliary toys and methods of distributing the same
US20100159800A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-06-24 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US20100273394A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-10-28 O'connor Stacy L Toy track set and relay segments
US20100291833A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-11-18 O'connor Stacy L Toy track set and relay segments
US20110092132A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2011-04-21 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US20110124265A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2011-05-26 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US8256721B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2012-09-04 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US8322660B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2012-12-04 Mattel, Inc. Relay for toy track set
US20140057526A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2014-02-27 David Alan Sheltman Transformable toy and launcher

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1571643A (en) * 1925-02-05 1926-02-02 Tommie M Renick Toy
US1759128A (en) * 1928-10-11 1930-05-20 Marx Louis Toy repeating gun
US2735221A (en) * 1956-02-21 Fields

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735221A (en) * 1956-02-21 Fields
US1571643A (en) * 1925-02-05 1926-02-02 Tommie M Renick Toy
US1759128A (en) * 1928-10-11 1930-05-20 Marx Louis Toy repeating gun

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148478A (en) * 1961-11-06 1964-09-15 Melvin G Miller Missile launcher toy
US3417507A (en) * 1966-02-10 1968-12-24 Mattel Inc Projectile-firing toy
US3392484A (en) * 1966-02-28 1968-07-16 Mattel Inc Toy rocket launching vehicle
US4280298A (en) * 1979-10-22 1981-07-28 Kulzer Walter P B Toy model flying machine
US20060163239A1 (en) * 2005-01-27 2006-07-27 Akihiro Yoshidome Cooking heater
WO2006128000A2 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20060270320A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20060270316A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport boarder
US20060270310A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation accessories
US20060270321A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport sky diver
US20060270313A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport hang glider
US20060270315A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20060270319A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport skier
US20060270314A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Fraser Campbell Reconfigurable toy extreme sport jumper
US20060270318A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy interchangeability
US8337271B2 (en) 2005-05-24 2012-12-25 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy
WO2006128000A3 (en) * 2005-05-24 2008-02-07 Mattel Inc Transformation toy and related products
US7722429B2 (en) 2005-05-24 2010-05-25 Mattel, Inc. Transformation toy and related products
US20110076915A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2011-03-31 Fraser Campbell Reconfigurable Toy
US7722426B2 (en) 2005-05-24 2010-05-25 Mattel, Inc. Reconfigurable toy extreme sport hang glider
US20070218800A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Mattel, Inc. Auxiliary toys and methods of distributing the same
US20100273394A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-10-28 O'connor Stacy L Toy track set and relay segments
US20100159800A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-06-24 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US20110092132A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2011-04-21 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US20110124265A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2011-05-26 O'connor Stacy Lynn Toy track set and relay segments
US8256721B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2012-09-04 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US8322660B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2012-12-04 Mattel, Inc. Relay for toy track set
US20100291833A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-11-18 O'connor Stacy L Toy track set and relay segments
US8382553B2 (en) * 2007-04-27 2013-02-26 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US9504926B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2016-11-29 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US8690632B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2014-04-08 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US8747180B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2014-06-10 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US8801492B2 (en) 2007-04-27 2014-08-12 Mattel, Inc. Toy track set and relay segments
US20140057526A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2014-02-27 David Alan Sheltman Transformable toy and launcher
US9579583B2 (en) * 2012-06-01 2017-02-28 Mattel, Inc. Transformable toy and launcher
US10207194B2 (en) 2012-06-01 2019-02-19 Mattel, Inc. Transformable toy and launcher

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