US3021142A - Gramophone pick-up mechanism - Google Patents

Gramophone pick-up mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US3021142A
US3021142A US647434A US64743457A US3021142A US 3021142 A US3021142 A US 3021142A US 647434 A US647434 A US 647434A US 64743457 A US64743457 A US 64743457A US 3021142 A US3021142 A US 3021142A
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Prior art keywords
arm
pick
plunger
record
cylinder
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Expired - Lifetime
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US647434A
Inventor
Aubrey G Carroll
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Brinnand Seddon
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Priority to US647434A priority Critical patent/US3021142A/en
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Publication of US3021142A publication Critical patent/US3021142A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B3/02Arrangements of heads
    • G11B3/08Raising, lowering, traversing otherwise than for transducing, arresting, or holding-up heads against record carriers
    • G11B3/095Raising, lowering, traversing otherwise than for transducing, arresting, or holding-up heads against record carriers for repeating a part of the record; for beginning or stopping at a desired point of the record

Description

Feb. 13, 1962 A. G. CARROLL GRAMOPHONE PICK-UP MECHANISM Filed March 20, 195'? 0j Inventor Bgbww; L @im Attorneys United States. Patent O "ice 3,021,142 GRAMOPHONE PICK-UP MECHANISM Aubrey G. Carroll, Guildford, England, assignor of onehalf to Brinnand Seddon, Shevington, England Filed Mar. 20, 1957, Ser. No. 647,434 7 Claims. (Cl. 274-1) This invention relates to improvements in gramophone pick up mechanism.

Difficulty is experienced in lowering a gramophone pick up arm on to a record without damage to the sound track or in the raising of the pick up arm therefrom and the possibility of damage is greatly increased with records known as long playing records. Also di-fficulty has been experienced in locating the arm at any particular portion of a record.

The object of the present invention is the provision of an arm controlled by a dash pot mechanism for lowering the pick up arm vertically on to the record, and providing a means of locating a required part of a record an then locating the pick up at that point.

Accordingto the invention an arm or rod extending horizontally above a gramophone turntable is carried by a retarded plunger so that a pick up arm resting on or suspended from the arm or rod is lowered gently on to a record on the turntable and is raised vertically therefrom by lifting the arm or rod.

The invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a plan of the device partly in section on line 1 1, FIG. 2,

FIG. 2 is a section on line 2 2, FIG. l,

FIG. 3 is an enlarged detail section of part of FIG. 2,

FIG. 4 is a similar view of a modified arrangement,

FIG. 5 is a detail view showing a further arrangement for supporting the arm.

An arm or rod A is preferably curved substantially to the arc of a circle struck from the pivot of the pick up arm and mounted on a vertical plunger B sliding in a cylinder C carried by the frame D of the gramophone.

The plunger B is preferably of square or similar section to prevent rotation thereof in the cylinder C and may be formed with a central bore b to allow air to enter the cylinder as the plunger is raised. The cylinder is formed with a spring c surrounding the plunger and bearing at its lower end on a ange or washer c1 secured to the lower end of the plunger by which the plunger is lowered gently under the action of the spring c expelling air from the cylinder through the bore b in the plunger B and through small bore b3 in the side of the plunger B. The upper end of the spring c bears against a sleeve c2 forming a bearing in the cylinder for the plunger B.

A screwed valve B1 is provided in the head of the plunger adapted on rotation to close a capillary bore b1 in the Abore b therein and thereby lock the plungerVB vat any point on its travel. The capillary bore b1 may be formed in a nylon valve seating b2 inserted into lthe vupper end of the bore b (FIG. 3).

The lower end of the cylinder C may be closed by a screw cap C1.

The rod or arm A may be serrated along its upper edge and calibrated and may be provided with cursors a to indicate the position for resting the pick up arm 1 thereon for records of dilering diameters.

The pick up arm 1 is iitted with clips a1 having a knife edge which will locate in the serrations on the rod A to allow for indexing the arm accurately at any chosen position. Various patterns of clips a1 will suit diierent types of pick-up arm which may rest on the rod or be suspended below the rod. The clips a1 are mounted on the arm A at the appropriate position above the record and the valve is then opened. The plunger B is lowered 4the necessity for the valve B1.

3,021,142 Patented Feb. 13, 1962 in :the cylinder C by the spring c to apply the stylus gently onto the record. The pick up arm then moves in the normal manner above and clear of the rod or arm A whilst the record rotates below the rod or arm A and out of contact therewith. To remove the stylus from the record the rod or arm A is lifted to re-engage the pick up arm 1, further lifting of the rod or arm A raising the pick up arm 1 vertically from the record.

With long playing records many of which contain more than one record the position of the pick up arm 1 is noted and marked by a cursor a and the stylus may subsequently be lowered at the correct position for the re-` playing of the record without the possibility of damage to the sound track on the record.

Alternatively the plunger B may pass through a friction grip in a plastic moulding or spring metal pressing 1 arranged in the cylinder in place of the washer c or by passing the plunger B through a resilient ybush to obviate The plunger may then be lifted or lowered manually.

I claim:

l. ln a gramophone assembly having a rotatable turntable adapted to receive a record and a pick-up arm pivotally mounted for movement over the turntable and flexibly mounted for raising and lowering movement with respect to the turntable, an elongated control arm for lowering the pick-up arm onto a record on the gramophone turntable and for lifting the pick-up arm therefrom, support means fixed to said pick-up arm and carried by said control arm to enable said control arm to support said pick-up arm for raising and lowering said pick-up arm, an air cushioned-controlled plunger non-rotatably mounted on said assembly and rigidly connected to one end of said control arm to support the control arm in a position to extend over the turntable, said control arm being of suliicient length to support the pick-up arm during lowering thereof onto a record on the turntable and lifting of the pick-up arm therefrom at any point on said record, and means mounting and guiding said plunger to one side of said turntable for movement limited to vertical displacement with respect to the turntable during raising and lowering movement of the pick-up arm, said mounting and guiding means comprising a cylinder having a closed bottom and an open top, said plunger being slidably received in said cylinder from the top thereof; and means carried by said plunger providing for a gradually depletable air cushion between said plunger and the bottom of said cylinder, said plunger and said mounting and guiding means cooperating with said support means to allow said control arm to continue to lower after said pick-up arm engages said record, and said support means being arranged relative to said control arm to become detached therefrom when said control arm continues to lower after said pick-up arm engages said record to thereby allow said pick-up arm to ride clear of said control arm.

2. ln the gramophone assembly defined in claim 1, said control arm being curved on an arc substantially concentric with the pivotal center of the pick up arm and being longitudinally calibrated according to different starting positions of the pick up larm in its traverse of a a record on the turntable.

3. In the gramophone assembly defined in claim 2, a cursor mounted -for movement along said control arm and cooperative with the calibrations thereon to indicate the starting position of a record.

4. -ln a gramophone assembly having a rotatable turntable adapted to receive a record and a pick-up arm pivoted Ifor movement over said turntable and exibly mounted yfor raising and lowering movement with respect to the turntable, an elongated control arm supporting said pick-up arm yfor lowering said picleup arm onto a record on the gramophone turntable and for lifting the pick-up arm therefrom at any point on said record, a cylinder formed with an open |top and a closed bottom, -means for rigidly mounting said cylinder in upright position in the assembly at a side of the -gramophone turntable, la plunger -in said cylinder, means non-rotatably slidably mounting said plunger 4for movement limited to axial displacement within said cylinder, means connecting said plunger rigidly to an end of the control arm to support the latter in a position extending over the turntable `for supporting the pick-up arm, and valve means operatively cooperating with said cylinder and plunger to provide an air cushion between vsaid plunger and the bottom of said cylinder to establish a -dashpot action to retard descent of the control arm and pick-up arm to wards a record on the turntable.

5. In the gramophone assembly defined in claim 4, means for adjusting said means for varying the effectiveness of said dashpot action.

6. In a gramophone assembly having a rotatable turntable adapted to receive a record and a movable pick up arm adapted to extend over the record, a curved elongate control arm for lowering the pick up arm onto a record on a gramophone turntable and for lifting the pick up arm therefrom at any point on said record and having upwardly facing serrations, mounting means fixed to said pick-up arm and having a knife edge arranged to depend into said sierrations to enable said control arm to detachably support said pick-up arm,a cylinder formed with an open top and a closed bottom and having means for rigidly mounting" it in an upright position at a side of the gramophone turntable anda plunger slidable in the said cylinder, a Washer at the lower end of the plunger yfor guiding the plunger axially of the cylinder, the plunger extending beyond said cylinder at the top thereof and :being connected rigidly to one end of the control arm to support the latter in a position extending over the turntable for supporting the piek up arm, means providing a capillary relief bore in the head of the plunger and an adjustable valve adapted to restrict said capillary bore in the plunger to vary the rate of movement thereof, the said cylinder and plunger cooperating with an air cushion between said plunger and the closed bottom of said cylinder to provide a retarding action to cushion the descent of the control arm and pickup arm towards the record on vthe turntable.

v 7. The assembly as defined in claim 1 wherein said control arm is provided with upwardly facing serrations and said support means is provided with a knife edge arranged to depend into a selected one of said serrations for supporting said pick-up arm with respect to said control arm.

' 'References Cited in the file of this patent s UNITED STATES PATENTS Simon Ian, 10,

US647434A 1957-03-20 1957-03-20 Gramophone pick-up mechanism Expired - Lifetime US3021142A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS51103905U (en) * 1975-02-19 1976-08-20
US5388691A (en) * 1993-10-21 1995-02-14 White; Nona J. Protective case for remote control transmitter

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US737446A (en) * 1903-05-20 1903-08-25 Felix Mccarthy Exhaust relief-valve.
US1206013A (en) * 1916-01-24 1916-11-28 Donald Milne Manson Phonograph.
US1525487A (en) * 1920-07-29 1925-02-10 Packard Motor Car Co Motor vehicle
US1711666A (en) * 1925-10-24 1929-05-07 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Sound reproducing and recording device
US2169854A (en) * 1938-03-05 1939-08-15 Gen Electric Phonograph-record changer
US2192360A (en) * 1937-09-29 1940-03-05 Mann George Stanley Automatic and other gramophones
US2243126A (en) * 1938-06-08 1941-05-27 Routin Joseph Louis Repeater for phonographs
US2256578A (en) * 1937-07-02 1941-09-23 Routin Joseph Louis Talking machine
US2494063A (en) * 1946-01-17 1950-01-10 Simon Reginald William Tone arm control device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US737446A (en) * 1903-05-20 1903-08-25 Felix Mccarthy Exhaust relief-valve.
US1206013A (en) * 1916-01-24 1916-11-28 Donald Milne Manson Phonograph.
US1525487A (en) * 1920-07-29 1925-02-10 Packard Motor Car Co Motor vehicle
US1711666A (en) * 1925-10-24 1929-05-07 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Sound reproducing and recording device
US2256578A (en) * 1937-07-02 1941-09-23 Routin Joseph Louis Talking machine
US2192360A (en) * 1937-09-29 1940-03-05 Mann George Stanley Automatic and other gramophones
US2169854A (en) * 1938-03-05 1939-08-15 Gen Electric Phonograph-record changer
US2243126A (en) * 1938-06-08 1941-05-27 Routin Joseph Louis Repeater for phonographs
US2494063A (en) * 1946-01-17 1950-01-10 Simon Reginald William Tone arm control device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS51103905U (en) * 1975-02-19 1976-08-20
JPS5522565Y2 (en) * 1975-02-19 1980-05-29
US5388691A (en) * 1993-10-21 1995-02-14 White; Nona J. Protective case for remote control transmitter

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