US3021027A - Means for supporting the inner member of a double-walled tank - Google Patents

Means for supporting the inner member of a double-walled tank Download PDF

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US3021027A
US3021027A US766038A US76603858A US3021027A US 3021027 A US3021027 A US 3021027A US 766038 A US766038 A US 766038A US 76603858 A US76603858 A US 76603858A US 3021027 A US3021027 A US 3021027A
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Prior art keywords
tank
inner
links
tanks
outer
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US766038A
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David R Claxton
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David R Claxton
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C13/00Details of vessels or of the filling or discharging of vessels
    • F17C13/08Mounting arrangements for vessels
    • F17C13/086Mounting arrangements for vessels for Dewar vessels or cryostats
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/02Large containers rigid
    • B65D88/06Large containers rigid cylindrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/02Wall construction
    • B65D90/028Wall construction hollow-walled, e.g. double-walled with spacers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/02Wall construction
    • B65D90/06Coverings, e.g. for insulating purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/12Supports
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2203/00Vessel construction, in particular walls or details thereof
    • F17C2203/01Reinforcing or suspension means
    • F17C2203/014Suspension means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2203/00Vessel construction, in particular walls or details thereof
    • F17C2203/01Reinforcing or suspension means
    • F17C2203/014Suspension means
    • F17C2203/015Bars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S220/00Receptacles
    • Y10S220/901Liquified gas content, cryogenic

Description

Feb. 13, 1962 D. R. CLAXTON 3,021,027

MEANS FOR SUPPORTING THE INNER MEMBER OF A DOUBLE-WALLED TANK Filed Oct. 8, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR DAVID R. CLAXTON ATTORNEY Feb. 13, 1962 D. R. CLAXTON MEANS FOR SUPPORTING THE INNER MEMBER OF A DOUBLE-WALLED TANK 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 8, 19.58

DAVID R. CLAXTON ATTORNEYS r 3,021,027 Unlted P atent Patented Feb.13,1962

3,021,027 MEANS FOR SURPORTING THE INNER MEMBER OF A DOUBLE-WALLED TANK David R. Claxton, 90 Maple St., Wenharn, Mass. Filed st 8. 1958. Ser. No. 766,038 1 Claim. ((31. 220-15) This invention relates to double-walled closed tanks for transporting liquids, and more particularly to improved connecting means between the outer and inner members by which the inner member is supported within the outer member but not in contact therewith.

Considerable quantities of liquids of various kinds are shipped in tank trucks, that is, elongated horizontal tanks which are mounted on motor trucks. Such tanks are customarily made of steel and in many instances are double walled, that is, an inner tank is encased in a similarly shaped but slightly larger outer tank and supported therein with clearance all around, so that the inner and outer tanks do not touch each other. When such tanks are subjected to ditferences of temperature, as when the inner tank is filled with a hot liquid while the outer tank is exposed to a cooler atmosphere, rela tive thermal longitudinal and radial expansion or contraction of the inner and outer tanks must be provided for. It is an object of the present invention to connect the inner and outer tanks to each other in such a manner as to support the inner tank clear of contact with the outer tank and to avoid harmful strains from thermal expansion. This is done by linkage hereinafter described and illustrated on the drawings, of which- FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a double-walled tank embodying the invention, part of the outer wall being broken away;

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view on the line 22 of FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view, on a larger scale, of one of the link members shown in FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 4 is a perspective view, on a larger scale, of another link member shown in FIGURE 1.

The drawing illustrates a typical elongated cylindrical double walled tank. The tank comprises an inner tank surrounded by an outer tank 12 which is of substantially the same shape but slightly larger size. The outer tank may have any desired number of channel members 14 surrounding it circumferentially for strength. The inner tank 10 is held against longitudinal movement relative to the outer tank 12 by a number of straps or rods 16 which are welded to the outer surface of the inner tank 10 at one end thereof and also to the adjacent inner surface at the end of the outer tank 12. One such strap is illustrated in FIGURE 1 but any desired number may be employed.

According to the invention the inner tank is supported within the outer tank in spaced relation thereto by means which permit thermal expansion of either tank without setting up undesirable stresses in the tanks or in the connecting means. Such means consists of a suitable number of links which are pivotally attached to the peripheral surface of the inner tank and project substantially tangentially thereto, the other end of each link being secured to the inner surface of the outer tank 12. These links are distributed around the circumference of the inner tank and project therefrom in the same sense. As indicated in FIGURE 1 there may be two or more circular series of such links, each series being preferably but not necessarily in a common plane which is perpendicular to the axis of the tanks. One series, consisting of a number of links 20, is located near the end of the tank to which the straps 16 are secured. One end of each of the links is pivotally secured to a pair of ears 22 welded or otherwise secured to the skin of the inner tank 10. The other end of each link 20 is pivotally secured to a pair of ears 24 welded or otherwise secured to the inner surface of the outer tank 12. As illustrated in FIGURE 1, the pivot joints between the links 20 and the two tanks are such as will allow the links freedom of movement in the common plane in which the links lie, that is, a plane perpendicular to the axis of the tanks. However, if preferred, links having greater freedom of movement such as would be afforded by ordinary ball and socket joints at the ends of the links may be provided.

Near the other end of the tank and at spaced intervals between, if desired, other links may be provided. As shown, a circular series of links 30 connect the inner and outer tanks near the end remote from the straps 16. The links 30 are designed to provide universal joints between the joint fittings 32 on the inner tank and the joint fittings 34 which are mounted on the inner surface of the outer tank 12. As indicated in FIGURE 2, four such links are provided, these being symmetrically arranged around the circumference of the inner tank 10, but other numbers of links may be provided in each series. As illustrated in FIGURE 4 each of the links 30 has a pin receiving member 36 at one end to fit pivotally in the fitting 32 which is secured to the inner tank 10, and a member 38 at its other end which has a pivoted connection with the fitting 34. These pivot connections provide for automatic adjustment of the inner tank within the outer tank when either tank expands or contracts radially in response to a change of temperature. If, for example, an inner tank as seen in FIGURE 2, should contract materially by being chilled, it would simply rotate very slightly in a counterclockwise direction. Since relative thermal changes in the two tanks also result in differences of longitudinal expansion or contraction, the links '30 are made to provide a limited freedom of movement between the ends of the links in a direction lengthwise of the tank. For this purpose each link 30 has articulated joints 40 and 42 to permit relative rocking movement of the joints at the end of the link 30. Each link 30 thus provides the equivalent of a universal joint between the inner and outer tanks. The same effect can be obtained, if desired, by ordinary ball and socket joints at the ends of each link. Thus the links 20 and 30 provide for automatic adjustment when either of the tanks is thermally expanded or contracted relatively to the other, and the links 30 which are more or less remote from the end straps 16 also provide for relative longitudinal expansion or contraction of the two tanks. By means of these articulated joints at the ends of the links harmful stresses between the tanks are avoided but the tanks are maintained in their relative positions with a substantially constant clearance around their circumferences and at their ends.

I claim:

A double-walled tank comprising an inner cylindrical tank and a similarly shaped outer tank enclosing said inner tank, and means mechanically connecting said inner and outer tanks, said means comprising rigid connecting members at one end of the inner tank secured to the inner and outer tanks to prevent relative longitudinal movement thereof, a series of rigid links distributed around the circumference of the inner tank near said end thereof and extending substantially tangentially therefrom in the same sense to the outer tank, said links having pivoted joints at their ends connecting them to said tanks with freedom of movement in at least a plane perpendicular to the axis of the tanks, and a second series of links near the other end of the inner tank extending from the inner tank substantially tangentially to the outer tank in the same said sense and spaced around the circumference of said inner tank, the links of said References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Heylandt July 5, 1932 4 Picard Sept. 20, 1932 Hansen et a1. Apr. 19, 1949 Schilling July 4, 1950 Johnston Dec. 9, 1958 Hampton Feb. 23, 1960 Yeager Mar. 1, 1960

US766038A 1958-10-08 1958-10-08 Means for supporting the inner member of a double-walled tank Expired - Lifetime US3021027A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3155265A (en) * 1964-11-03 Thermal stress equalizing support system
US3251501A (en) * 1962-11-02 1966-05-17 & Chantiers De La Seine Mariti Mounting means for tanks
US3331525A (en) * 1963-12-13 1967-07-18 Kieler Howaldtswerke Ag Device for connecting liquefied gas tank linings with the bulkheads of a ship
US3339782A (en) * 1965-01-22 1967-09-05 Exxon Research Engineering Co Cryogenic tank support
US3486284A (en) * 1964-03-27 1969-12-30 Hans Steinberger Cold storage plant
US3670517A (en) * 1965-03-15 1972-06-20 Mcmullen John J Apparatus for cooling and filling liquefied gas transport and storage tanks and improvements in said tanks
US4176761A (en) * 1974-12-04 1979-12-04 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Thermally insulated vessel especially for liquefied gases
US4184609A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-01-22 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Cryogenic container compound suspension strap
US4481778A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-11-13 Ball Corporation Thermally disconnecting passive parallel orbital supports
EP0135185A2 (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-03-27 General Electric Company Cryostat for NMR magnet
EP0276365A2 (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-08-03 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Self-adjustable supplemental support system for a cylindrical container in a housing
US4848103A (en) * 1987-04-02 1989-07-18 General Electric Company Radial cryostat suspension system
EP0412689A1 (en) * 1989-07-31 1991-02-13 RECONTAINER, Inc. Secondary liquid containment system
US20040255450A1 (en) * 2003-04-30 2004-12-23 Stefan Wilhelm Column system and process for producing same
US20060144684A1 (en) * 2003-02-18 2006-07-06 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc Distillation apparatus and method of transporting the same
WO2008036991A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-04-03 Matthias Rebernik Container for receiving media and/or units which are to be stored at low temperatures
US20080223858A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Jordan David L Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
DE102008054090A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-12 Mt Aerospace Ag Container e.g. road tanker, for e.g. storing dioxygen of aircraft, has inner casing mounted in outer casing over bars that transfer mechanical forces and/or torques, where respective ends of bars are connected to casings
CN101595340B (en) * 2006-09-27 2011-12-07 马赛厄斯·雷伯尼克 Container for receiving media and/or units which are to be stored at low temperatures
WO2012028651A1 (en) * 2010-09-02 2012-03-08 Matthias Rebernik Vessel arrangement, in particular cryogenic vessel arrangement
US20120175490A1 (en) * 2011-01-06 2012-07-12 General Electric Company Suspension system and method for suspending an inner vessel inside an outer vessel of a cryostat
WO2014092743A2 (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-06-19 Snyder Kenneth Suspension system for a cryogenic vessel
US20160053941A1 (en) * 2013-04-05 2016-02-25 Cryoshelter Gmbh Suspension System for an Inner Container Mounted for Thermal Insulation in an Outer Container and Container Arrangement

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1866517A (en) * 1926-11-13 1932-07-05 Fluga Ag Transportation or pressure vessel for gases
US1878317A (en) * 1928-07-31 1932-09-20 Air Liquide Apparatus for conserving and vaporizing liquefied gases
US2467428A (en) * 1945-01-17 1949-04-19 Linde Air Prod Co Portable container for liquefied gases
US2513749A (en) * 1945-05-22 1950-07-04 Air Prod Inc Insulated container and method of insulating the same
US2863297A (en) * 1955-03-29 1958-12-09 Herrick L Johnston Inc Method and apparatus for storing liquified gases
US2925934A (en) * 1957-11-26 1960-02-23 Lox Equip Support means for the movable end of a vessel
US2926810A (en) * 1956-10-30 1960-03-01 Herrick L Johnston Inc Suspension system for container for storing liquefied gas

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1866517A (en) * 1926-11-13 1932-07-05 Fluga Ag Transportation or pressure vessel for gases
US1878317A (en) * 1928-07-31 1932-09-20 Air Liquide Apparatus for conserving and vaporizing liquefied gases
US2467428A (en) * 1945-01-17 1949-04-19 Linde Air Prod Co Portable container for liquefied gases
US2513749A (en) * 1945-05-22 1950-07-04 Air Prod Inc Insulated container and method of insulating the same
US2863297A (en) * 1955-03-29 1958-12-09 Herrick L Johnston Inc Method and apparatus for storing liquified gases
US2926810A (en) * 1956-10-30 1960-03-01 Herrick L Johnston Inc Suspension system for container for storing liquefied gas
US2925934A (en) * 1957-11-26 1960-02-23 Lox Equip Support means for the movable end of a vessel

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3155265A (en) * 1964-11-03 Thermal stress equalizing support system
US3251501A (en) * 1962-11-02 1966-05-17 & Chantiers De La Seine Mariti Mounting means for tanks
US3331525A (en) * 1963-12-13 1967-07-18 Kieler Howaldtswerke Ag Device for connecting liquefied gas tank linings with the bulkheads of a ship
US3486284A (en) * 1964-03-27 1969-12-30 Hans Steinberger Cold storage plant
US3339782A (en) * 1965-01-22 1967-09-05 Exxon Research Engineering Co Cryogenic tank support
US3670517A (en) * 1965-03-15 1972-06-20 Mcmullen John J Apparatus for cooling and filling liquefied gas transport and storage tanks and improvements in said tanks
US4176761A (en) * 1974-12-04 1979-12-04 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Thermally insulated vessel especially for liquefied gases
US4184609A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-01-22 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Cryogenic container compound suspension strap
US4481778A (en) * 1983-03-21 1984-11-13 Ball Corporation Thermally disconnecting passive parallel orbital supports
EP0135185A3 (en) * 1983-09-19 1986-06-04 General Electric Company Cryostat for nmr magnet
EP0135185A2 (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-03-27 General Electric Company Cryostat for NMR magnet
EP0276365A2 (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-08-03 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Self-adjustable supplemental support system for a cylindrical container in a housing
EP0276365A3 (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-11-15 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Self-adjustable supplemental support system for a cylindrical container in a housing
US4848103A (en) * 1987-04-02 1989-07-18 General Electric Company Radial cryostat suspension system
EP0412689A1 (en) * 1989-07-31 1991-02-13 RECONTAINER, Inc. Secondary liquid containment system
US20060144684A1 (en) * 2003-02-18 2006-07-06 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc Distillation apparatus and method of transporting the same
US20040255450A1 (en) * 2003-04-30 2004-12-23 Stefan Wilhelm Column system and process for producing same
US7231785B2 (en) * 2003-04-30 2007-06-19 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Column system and process for producing same
CN101595340B (en) * 2006-09-27 2011-12-07 马赛厄斯·雷伯尼克 Container for receiving media and/or units which are to be stored at low temperatures
WO2008036991A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-04-03 Matthias Rebernik Container for receiving media and/or units which are to be stored at low temperatures
US20100011782A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2010-01-21 Rebernik Matthias Container for receiving media and/or devices to be stored at low temperatures
JP2010505067A (en) * 2006-09-27 2010-02-18 レベルニク,マティーアス Containers for storing media and / or devices stored at low temperatures
US8272530B2 (en) 2006-09-27 2012-09-25 Matthias Rebernik Container for receiving media and/or devices to be stored at low temperatures
EA014658B1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2010-12-30 Маттиас Реберник Container for receiving media and/or units which are to be stored at low temperature
US9022245B2 (en) 2007-03-16 2015-05-05 National Steel And Shipbuilding Company Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
US7896188B2 (en) * 2007-03-16 2011-03-01 National Steel And Shipbuilding Company Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
US20110132912A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2011-06-09 Jordan David L Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
EP2134593A4 (en) * 2007-03-16 2016-08-03 Nat Steel And Shipbuilding Company Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
US8430263B2 (en) 2007-03-16 2013-04-30 General Dynamics Nassco Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
US20080223858A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Jordan David L Universal support arrangement for semi-membrane tank walls
DE102008054090A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-12 Mt Aerospace Ag Container e.g. road tanker, for e.g. storing dioxygen of aircraft, has inner casing mounted in outer casing over bars that transfer mechanical forces and/or torques, where respective ends of bars are connected to casings
DE102008054090B4 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-07-29 Mt Aerospace Ag Containers for receiving and storing liquids and viscous substances, in particular cryogenic fluids, and the use thereof
WO2012028651A1 (en) * 2010-09-02 2012-03-08 Matthias Rebernik Vessel arrangement, in particular cryogenic vessel arrangement
US20120175490A1 (en) * 2011-01-06 2012-07-12 General Electric Company Suspension system and method for suspending an inner vessel inside an outer vessel of a cryostat
US8511632B2 (en) * 2011-01-06 2013-08-20 General Electric Company Suspension system and method for suspending an inner vessel inside an outer vessel of a cryostat
WO2014092743A2 (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-06-19 Snyder Kenneth Suspension system for a cryogenic vessel
WO2014092743A3 (en) * 2012-12-13 2014-10-30 Snyder Kenneth Suspension system for a cryogenic vessel
US20160053941A1 (en) * 2013-04-05 2016-02-25 Cryoshelter Gmbh Suspension System for an Inner Container Mounted for Thermal Insulation in an Outer Container and Container Arrangement
US10088105B2 (en) * 2013-04-05 2018-10-02 Cryoshelter Gmbh Suspension system for an inner container mounted for thermal insulation in an outer container and container arrangement

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