US3014102A - Electro magnetic switch apparatus - Google Patents

Electro magnetic switch apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3014102A
US3014102A US727599A US72759958A US3014102A US 3014102 A US3014102 A US 3014102A US 727599 A US727599 A US 727599A US 72759958 A US72759958 A US 72759958A US 3014102 A US3014102 A US 3014102A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
magnetic
contact
plates
envelope
shielding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US727599A
Inventor
Bianco Bruno Dal
Scata Mario
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
International Standard Electric Corp
Original Assignee
International Standard Electric Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IT360110X priority Critical
Priority to IT1063214X priority
Priority to IT838765X priority
Application filed by International Standard Electric Corp filed Critical International Standard Electric Corp
Priority to DESt14105A priority patent/DE1117762B/en
Priority to DESt16677A priority patent/DE1117763B/en
Priority to IT1542358 priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3014102A publication Critical patent/US3014102A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H11/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacture of electric switches
    • H01H11/005Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacture of electric switches of reed switches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H36/00Switches actuated by change of magnetic field or of electric field, e.g. by change of relative position of magnet and switch, by shielding
    • H01H36/0006Permanent magnet actuating reed switches
    • H01H36/0013Permanent magnet actuating reed switches characterised by the co-operation between reed switch and permanent magnet; Magnetic circuits
    • H01H36/002Actuation by moving ferromagnetic material, switch and magnet being fixed
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H37/00Thermally-actuated switches
    • H01H37/02Details
    • H01H37/32Thermally-sensitive members
    • H01H37/58Thermally-sensitive members actuated due to thermally controlled change of magnetic permeability
    • H01H37/585Thermally-sensitive members actuated due to thermally controlled change of magnetic permeability the switch being of the reed switch type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H51/00Electromagnetic relays
    • H01H51/28Relays having both armature and contacts within a sealed casing outside which the operating coil is located, e.g. contact carried by a magnetic leaf spring or reed
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H51/00Electromagnetic relays
    • H01H51/28Relays having both armature and contacts within a sealed casing outside which the operating coil is located, e.g. contact carried by a magnetic leaf spring or reed
    • H01H51/282Constructional details not covered by H01H51/281
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H51/00Electromagnetic relays
    • H01H51/28Relays having both armature and contacts within a sealed casing outside which the operating coil is located, e.g. contact carried by a magnetic leaf spring or reed
    • H01H51/284Polarised relays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H67/00Electrically-operated selector switches
    • H01H67/22Switches without multi-position wipers
    • H01H67/24Co-ordinate-type relay switches having an individual electromagnet at each cross-point
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49105Switch making

Description

De?? 19, 1961 B. DAI. BIANCO ETAL 3,014,102

` ELECTROMAGNETIC SWITCH APPARATUS Filed April 10, 1958 A ttorne y United States `Patent O 3,014,102 ELECTROMAGNETIC SWITCH APPARATUS Bruno Dal Bianco, Milan, and Mario Scata, Monza, Italy,

assignors to International Standard Electric Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware :Filed Apr. 10, 1958, Ser. No. 727,599 Claims priority, application Italy May 9, 1957 9 Claims. (Cl. 200-87) This invention relates to relays and particularly to contact relay armatures sealed in air-evacuated vessels and the object thereof is to provide a means to operate said contacts exploiting the magnetic reluctance of a magnetic circuit in which the devices operating the electric contacts are placed.

Several devices have been designed to close and open electric contacts placed Within sealed vessels air-evacuated or filled with an inert gas, such contacts of relays having the energizing coil axially placed in respect to the contact members performing a rapid, reliable and more sensitive operation.

One of such devices has been claimed in our copending patent application, entitled, Electrical Switching Device and Method for Making Same, tiled March 18, 1958, Serial No. 722,194, and this Adevice has been used for several applications and combinations. Such relays however due to currents owing through the energizing coil, when placed very ne'ar each other to form group of switches, using the coordinate principle, have the drawback that they require complex means in order to prevent mutual effects due to the magnetic flux dispersion.

This invention concerns magneto-mechanical means for operating electric contacts of said devices and its application for the operation in sequence, in multiple or in alternate of one or more of a plurality of such contact devices.

In another of these embodiments, the invention relates to the simultaneous operation of a plurality of contacts by using the combination of magnetic and mechanical means, driven by electromagnets and using the coordinate principle.

One of the essential features o`f this invention is to eliminate the use of energizing coils directly mounted on the contact `device, and to operate said contact devices by varying or making null the magnetic reluctance of the path of the stationary magnetic ux flowing around the magnetic members which operated the electric contact.

A further feature of this invention is shown by a practical example of an embodiment of a plurality of groups of contacts each one being provided with a movable magnetic member which controls, from outside, each sealed contact armature, to obtain the operation thereof; said movable magnetic members being mechanically coupled to operate simultaneously or alternatively, separately or associated in groups, to perform. any combination of external electric circuits connected to said contacts.

The invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description of practical examples with reference to the figures of the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a greatly enlarged cross-sectional view of a contact device of a clip relay forming part of a plurality of such devices or ordered in couples or groups to control a plurality of electric circuits; and

FIG. 2 shows a perspective View of a plurality of devices of FIG. l placed between two plates of magnetic material biased by suitable permanent magnets.

Referring to FIG. l there is shown a sealed contact device 1 of a clip relay having its lower end secured to a plate 2 of insulating material (Bakelite or plastic material) on a surface of which runs the printed circuit or an equivalent electric circuit to be controlled; terminals 3, 4 of the contact device 1 fastened to said printed cir- 3,014,102 Patented Dec. 19, 1961 cuit by soldering or by any other suitable means. Mounted over the insulating plate 2, either joined thereto or slightly separated therefrom, there is a rst plate 5 of magnetic material of high permeability, provided with a hole 6 into which fits a small tube 7 of magnetic material, also of high permeability, extending upwards half the height of the contact device 1. Tube 7 has its lower end in close contact with the internal surface of the hole 6. A tube 8, of plastic, coats the inside surface of the tube 7 and extends upwards to receive a cap 9 of magnetic material slidably mounted on tube 8, so that its lower rim comes in contact with the upper rim 11 of the magnetic tube 7.

Parallel to plate 5 and spaced suitably therefrom, in accordance with the position `of the contact-carrier members (not shown), enclosed in the vessel, there is a second plate 12, of magnetic material of high permeability. Plate 12 is provided with hole 13 of suitable diameter, surrounding the cap 9 as cap 9 must move axially in this hole.

It is understood that, when opposite magnetic polarities are applied to the two plates 5 and 12, respectively, and which polarities may be obtained by placing one or more straight magnets 14 between said plates and arranged to show homonymous polarities on the same side, the magnetic circuit for said permanent magnets will run along the paths of the highest permeability encountered in said plates.

Let us suppose 'the polarity N is applied to plate 12. The magnetic flux lines will pass through the gap of hole 13, reach cap 9, pass through tube 7, to plate 5, cornpleting the magnetic circuit. Plate 5 will carry polarity S as a result of @being in contact with the other end of magnet 14. The magnetic contact carrier members of device 1, are magnetically shielded by cap 9, placed in contact with tube 7 and by t-ube 7 itself, and will not operate while cap 9 is in such shielding relation there'- with. If cap 9 is slightly raised, however, the magnetic ilux will ow now through the magnetic members of device 1 and the electric contacts thereof will be operated (making or breaking).

Mechanical drive of said cap 9 can beperformed by known methods, i.e. pulling, rotation, pushing, falling, etc.; said mechanical members `being operated by hand or by electromagnets provided with suitable levers. The drive is indicated by the arrow f1. This method to control indirectly magnetic contact carrier members enclosed in protective vessels, using a permanent magnetic eld, renders it possible to control a plurality of contact units, combining them in series or parallel groups etc., and can be used to form selector switches, line finders etc., ernployed in switching circuits, i.e., telephone switching systems.

As an illustrative example, FIG. 2 is a greatly reduced schematic perspective view of an arrangement of a plurality of switching `devices 1, only one `of which is shown, using the coordinate principle. Such devices indicated by small crosses and designated by I, II, III, IV and V can be separately or simultaneously controlled by means of a single mechanical member driven by one or more electromagnets placed outside the plates, or rows of such devices, indicated by VI, VII, VIII, IX and X can be controlled in groups or simultaneously by the same Inechanical means.

The plates 5, 12 will have a number of holes like the holes 6, 13 of FIG. l and will be provided with a sufficient number of permanent magnets such as 15, 16, 17, etc., so that plates 5, 12 which work as pole pieces, are able to provide the' wanted magnetic effects on each of the contact carrier devices.

While the use of permanent magnets has been shown for the magnetic energization of the device, the invention is not to be considered limited thereby as electromagnetic means may be substituted in lieu thereof.

While the principle of the invention has been described above in connection with a specific embodiment and particular detailed examples thereof, it is to be clearly understood that several embodiments suggested by this method could he realized by those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of this invention confirmed by the accompanying claims.

What is claimed is:

l, An electric switch comprising an elongated envelope having electrical contact means therein operable in response to a magnetic flux exerted thereon externally of said envelope, a pair of apertured, spaced plates of magnetic material, said plates extending in parallel planes, said planes normal to the axis of said envelope, opposite ends of said envelope extending into corresponding apertures in said plates, movable magnetic shielding means extending through the corresponding aperture in a first one of said plates and coaxially with a rst portion of said envelope, means for rendering said plates magnetically polarized in opposite sense, the said shielding means being movable out of shielding relation with said envelope to include the said contact means in the flux path from said polarizing means to cause the contact means to operate, and being movable into shielding relation with said envelope to exclude the said contact means from the flux path from said polarizing means to cause the said contact means to restore,

2. An electric switch as claimed in claim l, further comprising a fixed magnetic shielding member extending through the corresponding aperture in the other of said plates and coaxially with a second portion of said envelope.

3. An electric switch as claimed in claim 2, further comprising a fixed mounting base for said envelope, said base extending in a plane normal to the axis of said envelope.

4. An electric switch as claimed in claim 2, further comprising a sheath of non-magnetic material coaxial with said envelope, said sheath intermediate the outer surface of said envelope and the inner surface of both of said shielding means.

5. An electric switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein said means for rendering said plates magnetically polarized in opposite sense comprises permanent magnet means whose respective poles are in flux transfer relation with said plate, respecitvely.

6. An electric switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein the said movable shielding means are adapted for reciprocating movement in a direction parallel to the axis of said envelope.

7. An electric switch as claimed in claim 2, wherein said movable magnetic shielding means comprises an inverted vessel extending over an end of; said envelope and having its open rim normally in contact with said fixed magnetic shielding means.

8. An electric switch comprising a plurality of elongated envelopes, each having electrical Contact means therein operable in response to a magnetic flux exerted thereon externally of said envelopes, a pair of spaced plates of magnetic material extending in parallel planes, said planes normal to the axes of said envelopes, said plates having a plurality of spaced apertures arranged in a coordinate array, corresponding apertures in said plates being in register, one end of each of said envelopes extending into different apertures of one of said plates and the other ends of each of said envelopes extending into different corresponding apertures of the other of said plates, a plurality of movable magnetic shielding elements, each extending through a different aperture of a first one of said plates and coaxially with rst portions of a different one of said envelopes, means for rendering said plates magnetically polarized in opposite sense, the said shielding means being selectively movable out of shielding relation with their associated envelopes to include the said contact means in the flux path from said polarizing means to cause the Contact means of the selected envelopes to operate and being movable into shielding relation with said envelopes to exclude the said contact means of the selected envelopes from the flux path of said polarizing means to cause last said contact means to restore.

9. An electric switch as claimed in claim 8, wherein said means for magnetically polarizing said plates comprises a plurality of permanent magnets disposed between vsaid plates adjacent the corners thereof, each of said magnets poled in like direction.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,142,680 Shrode ian. 3, 1939 2,378,986 Dickten June 26, 1945 2,550,605 Schenck Apr. 24, 1951 2,783,326 Hanson et al Feb. 26, 1957 2,821,597 Germanton et al Ian. 28, 1958

US727599A 1957-04-09 1958-04-10 Electro magnetic switch apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3014102A (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT360110X 1957-04-09
IT1063214X 1957-05-09
IT838765X 1957-06-26
DESt14105A DE1117762B (en) 1957-04-09 1958-08-07 Thermal relay with armature contacts arranged in protective tubes
DESt16677A DE1117763B (en) 1957-04-09 1958-08-07 Thermal relay with armature contacts arranged in protective tubes
IT1542358 1958-10-16

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3014102A true US3014102A (en) 1961-12-19

Family

ID=32966834

Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US25988D Expired USRE25988E (en) 1957-04-09 Electrical switching device and method for making
US722194A Expired - Lifetime US3059074A (en) 1957-04-09 1958-03-18 Electrical switching device and method for making
US727599A Expired - Lifetime US3014102A (en) 1957-04-09 1958-04-10 Electro magnetic switch apparatus
US830257A Expired - Lifetime US3008019A (en) 1957-04-09 1959-07-29 Reed-contact thermo relay
US836775A Expired - Lifetime US3035136A (en) 1957-04-09 1959-08-28 Multiple electromagnetic switch

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US25988D Expired USRE25988E (en) 1957-04-09 Electrical switching device and method for making
US722194A Expired - Lifetime US3059074A (en) 1957-04-09 1958-03-18 Electrical switching device and method for making

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US830257A Expired - Lifetime US3008019A (en) 1957-04-09 1959-07-29 Reed-contact thermo relay
US836775A Expired - Lifetime US3035136A (en) 1957-04-09 1959-08-28 Multiple electromagnetic switch

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (5) US3059074A (en)
BE (2) BE566587A (en)
CH (3) CH360110A (en)
DE (5) DE1060494B (en)
FR (1) FR1194291A (en)
GB (4) GB829066A (en)
IT (2) IT571697A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3155792A (en) * 1962-08-07 1964-11-03 Gen Electric Magnetic reed switch device
US3170053A (en) * 1958-12-06 1965-02-16 Int Standard Electric Corp Reed contact arranged within a protective envelope
US3243541A (en) * 1963-10-04 1966-03-29 Falco Angelo De Reed switch with magnwetically responsive reed elements
US3283274A (en) * 1963-10-04 1966-11-01 Falco Angelo De Push button reed switch
US3307126A (en) * 1963-08-20 1967-02-28 Sylvania Electric Prod Encapsulated magnetic switch
US3500467A (en) * 1963-05-24 1970-03-10 Philips Corp Magnetic information storage matrices
US3771083A (en) * 1971-09-06 1973-11-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Magnetically operable multiple reed contact

Families Citing this family (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1127957B (en) * 1959-12-04 1962-04-19 Int Standard Electric Corp Switching device with a large number of parallel armature contacts arranged in protective tubes
DE1126032B (en) * 1960-01-16 1962-03-22 Telefonbau & Normalzeit Gmbh Device for producing a switching contact arranged in a protective tube
DE1136382B (en) * 1960-07-06 1962-09-13 Deutsche Bundespost Coordinate switch with ferromagnetic column and row flow bars for telecommunications, especially telephone exchanges
US3227841A (en) * 1960-09-19 1966-01-04 Mc Graw Edison Co Protectors for electric circuits
NL279334A (en) * 1960-12-09
FR1299665A (en) * 1961-06-14 1962-07-27 Materiel Telephonique Electromagnetic switch
GB991290A (en) * 1961-07-27 1965-05-05 Pye Ltd Combined transformer and electromagnetic switch
US3227838A (en) * 1961-08-14 1966-01-04 Raymond W Hoeppel Magnetic reed type ultrasensitive circuit breaker
US3161742A (en) * 1961-08-24 1964-12-15 Specialties Dev Corp Magnetic intruder and fire deterctor
US3142734A (en) * 1961-09-05 1964-07-28 Int Standard Electric Corp Magnetic structure for reed relays
DE1232260B (en) * 1962-05-08 1967-01-12 Danfoss As Thermally controllable electromagnetic relay
US3174008A (en) * 1962-08-15 1965-03-16 North Electric Co Reed switch adjustment
DE1248161B (en) * 1962-09-07 1967-08-24 Siemens Ag Polarized toggle relay with hermetically sealed contact arrangement
DE1219588B (en) * 1962-10-20 1966-06-23 Standard Elektrik Lorenz Ag Protective tube contact with ball anchor
US3227822A (en) * 1962-11-20 1966-01-04 Charles D Corey Sub-miniaturized rotary switch with stationary spring contact members and locking means
US3190984A (en) * 1963-02-21 1965-06-22 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Sealed contact transfer switch
US3310863A (en) * 1963-04-10 1967-03-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Manufacture of reed type devices
NL6406172A (en) * 1963-06-03 1964-12-04
DE1202903B (en) * 1963-08-24 1965-10-14 Telefonbau Thermal relay with a protective tube contact
NL297517A (en) * 1963-09-01
US3253097A (en) * 1963-09-19 1966-05-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Strong make or break reed switch
US3242284A (en) * 1963-09-23 1966-03-22 Cutler Hammer Inc Magnetically interlocked relay
US3290630A (en) * 1964-05-11 1966-12-06 Thompson Ind Inc Flasher switch employing a permanent magnet and a switch blade composed of a curie point material
US3295081A (en) * 1964-07-21 1966-12-27 American Radiator & Standard Thermo-magnetically operated switches
DE1257972B (en) * 1964-09-03 1968-01-04 Siemens Ag Magnetically actuated protection tube armature contact
DE1274236B (en) * 1964-10-23 1968-08-01 Telefonbau & Normalzeit Gmbh Electromagnetic relay with bistable controllable protective tube contacts
CA824230A (en) * 1964-11-12 1969-09-30 D. Santi John Reed switch adapted for rapid cycling
US3372313A (en) * 1964-12-02 1968-03-05 Honeywell Inc Sequential multiple contact single core switch apparatus utilizing glass enclosed contacts
DE1241729B (en) * 1965-02-26 1967-06-01 Siemens Ag Electric temperature detector using a magnetic equilibrium arrangement
US3629754A (en) * 1970-03-24 1971-12-21 Olympia Werke Ag Magnetically actuated coupling
US3750064A (en) * 1970-12-25 1973-07-31 Tohoku Metal Ind Ltd Temperature-operated switch
DE2359581A1 (en) * 1972-11-30 1974-07-18 Tohoku Metal Ind Ltd THERMOMAGNETICALLY CONTROLLED SWITCH
US3813622A (en) * 1973-01-09 1974-05-28 R Remington Axial motion magnetically actuated switch
US3808390A (en) * 1973-04-11 1974-04-30 Amp Inc Switch with swaged leaf-spring contact
JPS5544257Y2 (en) * 1975-10-23 1980-10-17
US4081234A (en) * 1977-01-05 1978-03-28 Honeywell Inc. Limit and control for heavy oil preheating
US4414519A (en) * 1982-03-10 1983-11-08 Allied Corporation Temperature-sensitive relay
US4516101A (en) * 1983-05-02 1985-05-07 Tohoku Metal Industries, Ltd. Air-flow-rate sensors
US4509029A (en) * 1984-03-09 1985-04-02 Midwest Components, Inc. Thermally actuated switch
GB2342779A (en) * 1998-08-14 2000-04-19 Jacek Spoczynski Sealed magnetic switch

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2142680A (en) * 1937-07-12 1939-01-03 Alco Valve Company Inc Float control switch
US2378986A (en) * 1940-07-11 1945-06-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Polarized relay
US2550605A (en) * 1945-07-25 1951-04-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Circuit closing device
US2783326A (en) * 1955-08-23 1957-02-26 Louis P Hanson Electric switching means
US2821597A (en) * 1955-03-18 1958-01-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Register relay

Family Cites Families (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1509965A (en) * 1924-09-30 House electric
US713497A (en) * 1900-06-04 1902-11-11 Henry A Rowland Telegraphy.
US684094A (en) * 1901-02-14 1901-10-08 George Westinghouse Heater cut-out for electric lamps.
US1624476A (en) * 1922-04-08 1927-04-12 Western Electric Co Contact device
US1583496A (en) * 1924-02-23 1926-05-04 William L Shafer Heat-regulating system
GB285372A (en) * 1927-02-14 1928-10-11 Bosch Robert Improvements in electrical contact make and break devices
US1894150A (en) * 1932-07-25 1933-01-10 John R Beers Thermostat switch
US2060235A (en) * 1935-06-22 1936-11-10 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Relay
US2232501A (en) * 1938-02-07 1941-02-18 Chicago By Products Corp Safety device for gas burners
US2289830A (en) * 1938-03-29 1942-07-14 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Circuit closing device
US2296969A (en) * 1938-07-18 1942-09-29 Chicago By Products Corp Liquid responsive system
US2245391A (en) * 1940-07-11 1941-06-10 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Polarized relay
DE906727C (en) * 1940-12-04 1954-03-18 Siemens Ag Thermal switching relay, in particular for switching tariff devices or the like.
US2406021A (en) * 1941-07-01 1946-08-20 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Sealed reed contact device
DE761731C (en) * 1942-10-28 1952-10-06 Siemens Ag Thermal relay with heat alloy
US2457218A (en) * 1944-12-14 1948-12-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Method of manufacturing sealed contact devices
US2437488A (en) * 1944-12-29 1948-03-09 Ulanet Herman Thermal control for gluing structural assemblies and other purposes
US2506414A (en) * 1947-12-05 1950-05-02 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Sealed wire contact device
US2653199A (en) * 1948-11-05 1953-09-22 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Relay
US2594088A (en) * 1950-05-05 1952-04-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Polarized relay construction
FR1028039A (en) * 1950-09-19 1953-05-19 Jaeger Ets Ed Thermometric switch
BE511142A (en) * 1951-05-04
US2845506A (en) * 1954-06-28 1958-07-29 Pioneer Electronic Corp High voltage high vacuum relay
US2907846A (en) * 1957-09-17 1959-10-06 Siemens Ag Polarized switching contact device
US2969434A (en) * 1958-01-30 1961-01-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Switching device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2142680A (en) * 1937-07-12 1939-01-03 Alco Valve Company Inc Float control switch
US2378986A (en) * 1940-07-11 1945-06-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Polarized relay
US2550605A (en) * 1945-07-25 1951-04-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Circuit closing device
US2821597A (en) * 1955-03-18 1958-01-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Register relay
US2783326A (en) * 1955-08-23 1957-02-26 Louis P Hanson Electric switching means

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3170053A (en) * 1958-12-06 1965-02-16 Int Standard Electric Corp Reed contact arranged within a protective envelope
US3155792A (en) * 1962-08-07 1964-11-03 Gen Electric Magnetic reed switch device
US3500467A (en) * 1963-05-24 1970-03-10 Philips Corp Magnetic information storage matrices
US3307126A (en) * 1963-08-20 1967-02-28 Sylvania Electric Prod Encapsulated magnetic switch
US3243541A (en) * 1963-10-04 1966-03-29 Falco Angelo De Reed switch with magnwetically responsive reed elements
US3283274A (en) * 1963-10-04 1966-11-01 Falco Angelo De Push button reed switch
US3771083A (en) * 1971-09-06 1973-11-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Magnetically operable multiple reed contact

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE567480A (en)
DE1063214B (en) 1959-08-13
IT571697A (en)
US3035136A (en) 1962-05-15
DE1117763B (en) 1961-11-23
GB828130A (en) 1960-02-17
DE1117762B (en) 1961-11-23
CH363394A (en) 1962-07-31
DE1060494B (en) 1959-07-02
FR1194291A (en) 1959-11-09
DE1122588B (en) 1962-01-25
IT596491A (en)
CH360110A (en) 1962-02-15
US3059074A (en) 1962-10-16
GB829066A (en) 1960-02-24
BE566587A (en)
GB905558A (en) 1962-09-12
GB838765A (en) 1960-06-22
CH379639A (en) 1964-07-15
USRE25988E (en) 1966-03-22
US3008019A (en) 1961-11-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4367448A (en) Direct current electromagnetic contactor
US7233220B2 (en) Electrical switching device, relay and electrical apparatus comprising same
US6084281A (en) Planar magnetic motor and magnetic microactuator comprising a motor of this type
US2941130A (en) Polarized relay
US2902558A (en) Laminated core dry reed relay
KR20010106144A (en) MEMS magnetically actuated switches and associated switching arrays
US3671893A (en) Magnetic latch and switch using cobalt-rare earth permanent magnets
US2245391A (en) Polarized relay
US2264746A (en) Electromagnetic switch
US3503022A (en) Electromagnetic actuators
US2907846A (en) Polarized switching contact device
US3001049A (en) Magnetic latch
GB1405377A (en) Electromagnetic repulsion device actuating the movable contact member of a circuit interrupter
US3950719A (en) Proximity actuated magnetic button-contactor assembly for switches
US2289830A (en) Circuit closing device
EP2164088A1 (en) A micro relay
US2951134A (en) Electrical relays
US3845430A (en) Pulse latched matrix switches
GB870906A (en) Improvements in or relating to electrical switching devices
US2397123A (en) Contact operation
CA2109700A1 (en) Electromagnetic actuator
US3035136A (en) Multiple electromagnetic switch
US3448419A (en) Weatherproof pushbutton key set employing sealed contacts operated by a permanent magnet
US1763003A (en) Electromagnetic device
US2264022A (en) Relay